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Kidney Stones - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What are Kidney Stones?

A kidney stone is a crystalline and hard mineral material that gets formed within the kidney or in our urinary track. Kidney stones are a common cause of hematuria (blood in urine) and often cause severe pain in the abdomen, groin or in the flank. Kidney stones are also sometimes called renal calculi.

The condition of having a stone or multiple stones in the kidney is known as nephrolithiasis. However, having stones in other locations in the urinary track is known as urolithiasis.Any person can develop this disease, but people with certain diseases and conditions or people who take certain medications like calcium-containing antacids, diuretics and protease inhibitors are more susceptible to this disease.

This illness is more common in men than in women.

More about Kidney Stones :

Urinary stones, mostly develop in patients who are between 20-49 years and people who have suffered more than one attack of this illness are always prone to further stone development.Kidney stones are more common in residents of industrialized countries than bladder stones. Opposite of the same proves to be true for residents of the developing world, where stone in the bladder is most common. It is believed that dietary factors play a major role in creating this difference. Over the last few decades, it has been observed that incidents of developing kidney stones have increased, which is more likely related to the obesity epidemic around the globe.

People with chronically elevated uric acid levels are also more prone to the formation of uric acid related kidney stones. Pregnant women, though the numbers are few, at times develop kidney stones. Factors that may contribute to kidney stone formation during pregnancy includes a slowing of the passage of urine, due to decreasing bladder capacity because of the her enlarged uterus and increase in the progesterone levels in her body.

Often dehydration from reduced fluid intake, over time, leads to the formation of kidney stones.

Diagonsis :

Diagnosis of kidney stones is a controversial procedure. Usually to confirm the diagnosis of this illness, imaging tests are performed on the patients. In case of medical emergency non-contrast CT scans are done on the patients, since this can be done rapidly and it helps to rule out other causes for flank and abdominal pain.

However, in the recent times, as it is believed that CT scan exposes the patients to significantly more radiation, ultrasound scans along with plain abdominal X-ray is used for diagnosing kidney stones. When patients are put on medication, it has been observed that small stones pass out naturally through the urine. However, for larger stones (beyond 9-10mm) lithotripsy is done to break up the larger stones into small pieces, with the help of shock waves, so that they can pass out through the urinary system.

Can't be cured Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Sudden excruciating pain and cramp in lower back region or in the groin and abdomen. Nausea and vomiting. At times bloody urine. Fever and chills. Difficulty in urinating along with testicular or penile pain.

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Popular Questions & Answers

Hello Dr. I am taking the treatment for hormones balance to regulate my period n I have the stone in my right kidney can I take neeri syrup over these medicine.

Neeri is and ayurvedic formulation. please avoid mixing ayurvedic and allopathic medications, reactions can be disastorous. Check the size and location of kidney stones, you might need different treatment for those.

I am 30 year old male. I have a kidney stone of 5.9 mm size in ureter. I am advice tablet veltam 0.4 once a day at night with drotin m for 10 days. Can I take cital syrup with this? If yes in what quantity?

Yes, u definitely can. It is taken as 2 tsp in a glass of water three times a day. Having said that, please ensure that the stone is moving on repeated scans, if not then u need an intervention even if there is no pain.
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My husband having kidney stone of 3.1 mm. Can he use neeri tablet. And for how many days he should use. After how many days we have to go for checkup.

He does not any medication, ask him to have enough fluids in the day and maintain a urine output of 1.5 to 2 litres per day. The stone will pass on its own.

Table of Content

What are Kidney Stones?

More about Kidney Stones :

Diagonsis :

Play video
Kidney Stone
The primary function of the kidney is to filter the blood and eliminate the waste products through urine. The waste deposition is sometimes in the form of excessive calcium, uric acid and other undesirable contents. It may cause the urine to get h...
Play video
Kidney Stones
The primary function of the kidney is to filter the blood and eliminate the waste products through urine. The waste deposition is sometimes in the form of excessive calcium, uric acid and other undesirable contents. It may cause the urine to get h...
Play video
Different Types Of Treatment For Kidney Stones
Hello! I am Dr. Tanuj Paul Bhatia, In my earlier video, I had spoken about the different symptoms of kidney stones and prostate diseases and just touched upon the different types of treatments that are available. Today we will talk about the diffe...
Play video
Renal (Kidney) Stones And Its Management
Hi, I am Dr. Ashish Gupta, Urologist. Today I will talk about urinary stones. It is very common problem. It causes the problem in kidney function. It can cause to remove the kidney and risk of life. It occurs in the 10% of the Indian population. A...
Play video
Renal Stones
Hello, I am Dr. Upwan K Chauhan. Aaj hum baat krenge renal stones ki. Ye problem kafi logon me payi jati hai. India me garmi hone ki vjha se stones ka risk increase hota hai. Ye stones kidney ya nalli or bladder me ho skti hai. Chote stones jldi u...
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