Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Depression - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Depression is a medical illness which needs to be taken seriously. It is way beyond the occasional bouts of feeling sad or being blue. In more than 19 million teenagers and adults in the US have been found to persist over prolonged periods. And eventually, they take their toll and interfere with the everyday activities of a person’s life.

The Different Forms of Depression

Depression manifests itself in one of its several forms. These are:

  • Major Depression- In the case of major depression the symptoms are severe enough to interfere with a person’s ability to sleep, work, study, eat and enjoy his life. Major depression episodes may occur a single time or more commonly even multiple times in a person’s life.
  • Dysthymia or Dysthymic disorder- In this variant of depression the symptoms are less severe but persist over prolonged periods that stretch to two years or more.
  • Minor Depression- In the case of minor depression the symptoms are not all that severe and persist for only a small amount of time.

What are the causes of depression?

Depression may be caused by a single or a combination of factors like:

  • Genetic Propensity- People whose families have previous histories of depression are more susceptible to having the illness than people with no family history of depression.
  • Brain Chemistry- The chemistry of the people suffering from depression is different from those who do not have the disease.
  • Stress- Sometimes events that evoke strong emotions like a dear person’s death, a difficult relationship or other situations that are acutely stressful may be enough to trigger bouts of depression.

Treatment of Depression

The first step in treating a patient with depression is to consult a mental health professional or doctor. This visit may be followed by examinations and laboratory tests to rule out other similar conditions. Medications taken by a patient too fall under scrutiny. The doctor takes into account detailed family and medical history of the disease and then proceeds to prescribe antidepressants accordingly. However, the medicines are slow to take effect. But medical antidepressants often have severe side effects that may not be acceptable in all cases. Psychotherapy is another option that may help in the treatment of depression. It works by teaching new behaviour and ways of thinking that may help to alleviate some of the symptoms. It gives a person an insight into why the depression is occurring and what makes the situation worse.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable
Symptoms
Loosing interest in daily activities Insomnia or oversleeping Anger Irritability Loss of energy Self loathing Concentration issues

Popular Health Tips

Domestic Violence - Why It Is More Than Just Physical?

Dr. Asif Iqbal Ahmed 92% (15 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Domestic Violence - Why It Is More Than Just Physical?
People who have been victims of domestic violence not only suffer physical abuse, but from emotional abuse as well, which may stay with them for their whole life. The trauma associated with domestic violence can be deep and takes time to heal even after the relationship with the perpetrator is over and there is no communication or contact between them. Emotional harm is greater than physical harm Women make up the significant majority of domestic violence victims. When they face violence within the home sphere, they experience a wide range of emotions like anger, sadness, powerlessness, fear, resentment, vindictiveness and much more. Physical violence not only harms their body, but their mind and spirit are equally wrecked as the memory of being physically subjugated scars them emotionally in a very deep manner and can take years to heal. Some of the long term impact of domestic violence on women is mentioned below. Physical Effects Any kind of physical injuries like bruises, cuts or dislocated joints and bones. Many women suffer from hearing impairment Loss of vision is also another effect Miscarriage or premature childbirth Sexually transmitted diseases A feeling of fatigue and weakness In certain cases, unreported domestic violence may result in homicide or murder which is the ultimate and most unfortunate manifestation of physical abuse gone too far, That is why it is important to seek help early on before things escalate too far. Mental Effects The mental effects of domestic violence take much longer time to recuperate from than the physical effects. If the shock is severe, it can render women mentally unstable for life in extreme cases. Even if a woman recovers from it, the emotional scar may remain and might manifest in the future. Depression: This is one of the worst mental effects of domestic violence is depression. The good news is depression is often temporary and can be cured. Signs of depression include a feeling of hopelessness, sadness, weight gain or loss, sleeplessness, loss of appetite and a consequent lack of interest in whatever you love to do. This can affect one s decision making ability and in extreme cases can render one suicidal. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: When you encounter any violent experience, then you are most likely to develop Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. The signs of this disorder include frequent flashbacks of the traumatic experience, nightmares and extreme anxiety. Women who face these kinds of traumatic experiences find it difficult to cope with their present situation for a while. Counselling and support from their loved ones can heal these problems fast. Other effects of domestic violence may also include seizures, addiction and substance abuse and fainting.
3 people found this helpful

Can Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Be Dealt With?

Dr. Kalrav Mistry 95% (78 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Ahmedabad
Can Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Be Dealt With?
Are you suffering from seasonal depression triggered by the change in season? This condition is known as seasonal affective disorder or SAD and primarily occurs during the winter. It usually starts when the days start getting colder and shorter. SAD requires treatment as it limits an affected person s ability to smoothly carry out his or her everyday activities. Here are the several methods by which SAD can be treated or dealt with: Light therapy boxes: Light therapy boxes emit light which mimics sunshine in a particular way. This helps in recovery from SAD. The light from these therapy boxes are brighter than normal light bulbs and are of various wavelengths. The patient is required to sit in front of a light box for a period of 30 minutes every day. As a result, the circadian rhythms of the body get stimulated and the natural release of melatonin is suppressed. Light therapy is very effective when undertaken in the morning after waking up. It is a very common treatment used to cure SAD. Dawn simulators: Dawn simulators help in the management of SAD. These are devices which work as alarm clocks. However, instead of waking you up abruptly by means of a beep or loud music, they produce light which increases in intensity gradually, just like the sun. There are several models of dawn simulators which are available in the market. You should choose a dawn simulator, which uses a full spectrum light. This form depicts natural sunlight. For people with mild SAD, dawn simulators are as effective as light therapy. Consult a doctor: SAD is a type of depression and it is recommended that you to consult a psychiatrist. Several screening questions are asked to a patient to determine his/her level of depression. A doctor will also observe whether your depression is because of SAD or any other factor. Antidepressants: In case, psychotherapy or light therapy fails to cure your SAD and the accompanied depression, you should take prescribed antidepressants. These medicines might help in overcoming your seasonal depression. Try to avoid medicines which make you feel sleepy. If you have SAD, you should take antidepressants every winter and not just during the winters when you feel the blues. It is very important for you to recognise the symptoms of SAD when they start showing, and consult a doctor immediately. This will prevent the symptoms from escalating and you will be able to get early treatment.
2 people found this helpful

Stress and Depression

Dr. Jyoti Gupta 91% (2843 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Greater Noida
Play video
Ayurvedic Treatment for Stress and Depression
1 person found this helpful

Depression in Children!

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Depression in Children!
What is Depression? Depression can strike a child at any age. A mood disorder, depression is characterized by a persistent sad or empty feeling, irritability, and a loss of interest in everyday activities. Unlike normal sadness or grieving, most bouts of depression last for weeks, months, or even years. A smaller number of children and adolescent suffer from biploar disorder-bouts of depression interspersed with periods of elevated (manic) mood (bipolar disorder). Although depression is usually not considered life-threatening, it can lead to thoughts of and attempts at suicide. Symptoms Persistent feelings of sadness, apathy, or hopelessness lasting more than two weeks. Diminished interest in most daily activities, particularly pleasurable ones. Decreased appetite and subsequent weight loss; increased appetite and weight gain. Lack of sleep (insomnia), frequent awakening throughout the night, or conversely, an increased need for sleep. Anxiety; diminished ability to think or concentrate. Diagnosis Because there are no reliable laboratory tests to diagnose depression, physical examination and psychological evaluation are essential. Expression of either of the first two symptoms of depression (see Symptoms box), in conjunction with other symptoms, for a period of two or more consecutive weeks. A positive family history of depression or a prior depressive episode helps establish the diagnosis. Treatment Psychotherapy is as effective as drug treatment in mild cases. Psychotherapy may also be used in conjunction with drug therapy. Antidepressant medications, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), are mainstays of treatment. Exposure to bright light, known as light therapy, may be effective, particularly when depression is related to seasonal changes (seasonal affective disorder). In secondary depression, the underlying cause is addressed, although antidepressant therapy may also be prescribed.
1 person found this helpful

Creativity - Can Depression Really Increase It?

Dr. Lakshmi Prabha 84% (10 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Creativity - Can Depression Really Increase It?
Can depression really increase creativity? What is Depression like? Depression is the state of mind when a person turns hopeless or helpless. Simply put, it is one of those experiences when one may feel sad, lonely, dejected and discouraged. Doubt, anxiety and uncertainty crawl in so much so that they may lead to problems in decision making. A depressed person feels devoid of energy and the motivation to do anything at all seems to have disappeared. And all this may happen for no reason at all. At least not any that can be explained to even the closest of one's family and friends. Surveys have shown that more than 7% of the world's population suffer from some or the other forms of depression. Depression Helps Creativity: Myth or Fact? Moving on to the several popular myths associated with depression, one of the most common ones is that 'Depression increases creativity.' The truth is however exactly the opposite. No, depression does not trigger creativity. In fact, creative geniuses like writers, painters, musicians, etc. seem to be more prone to the threats of depression. Creativity, like everything else, comes with a price to pay: Worth it or Not? The reason for the cause-effect relationship between creativity and depression is quite simple yet stunning. Creativity requires sensitivity, which makes one emotionally vulnerable. A creative person tends to think a lot about everything and that is what makes him re-visit the past incidents in his thoughts so frequently that he may feel the bruises over and over again. And this is what leads to depression. Thus, creative people tend to be easy victims of depression. They take everything seriously, observe things and incidents closely, think a lot over things and gauge various possibilities related to every event, big or small vividly and this is what makes them both creative and depressed. Yes, they can connect the dots and create but there is a price to pay. As they say, an artist's mind is a terrible place to visit. Therefore, depression does not increase creativity. Instead, depression is like a necessary evil for nurturing creativity.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Can playing video games ,helps to reduce depression? Can Playing video games ,helps in having a positive mindset?

Ms. Gajalakshmi P.T. 90% (57 ratings)
MPhil (Clinical Psychology)
Psychologist, Chennai
Video games are like having your time with screen space just like watching tv or working with a computer. It is one other form of or to be kept as small time timepass or entertainment. No research to my knowledge says that it will work for depression or to have a positive mindset. Rather there are adverse effects only as results proven by research due to long time usage of video games. It shrinks your thinking, increases immediate gratification, further increases addiction stimulating the craving center of the brain. If you are in depression anergia will be one among the symptom and if you play video games you will be doing nothing other than restricted to the game without any fruitful work or any learning. By winning a target r a game you might get a satisfaction and momentary happiness which gives a falsified image compared to in real life you will be bugged and bored as winning needs lots of hardworking and motivation. Take up some outdoor games, feel the fresh air, sweat,exercise and keep urself healthy. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

I am 31 years old male, I have mood change frequently (anxiety and depression) having long time.

Ms. Gajalakshmi P.T. 90% (57 ratings)
MPhil (Clinical Psychology)
Psychologist, Chennai
Moods swings may be caused depending upon the situation you face and how you handle it depending upon the previous learning and the ability to cope up with the stress. It is very common in certain types of personality disorders, depression and anxiety. Get yourself assessed and get treated if you are not able to handle by your own or it causes distress in you are causing distress to the known others. Take care.

Dr. How to judge a person if he/she is in depression? Doctor please suggest me something?

Ms. Gajalakshmi P.T. 90% (57 ratings)
MPhil (Clinical Psychology)
Psychologist, Chennai
Depression has its own set of symptoms like anhedonia, anergia,decresaed sleep, appetite, lowered concentration and attention etc and at its peak of severity the person might have suicidal ideas. The symptom and severity vary with person to person. Having hopelessness and sadness alone won't put anyone to be depressed but they are part and parcel of the symptoms. Thyroid in medical condition put the person more into the condition of depression due to neurotransmitter imbalance. Please get the person treated by a psychiatrist as depression is actually adverse to a healthy and happy life. CBT and mindfulness from a clinical psychologist will also help as an adjunct, take care.

I am in depression and my mind more time live in past my mind always thinking in past and more learning difficulties in me so hypnotherapy for me is useful or not?

Post Graduate Diploma in Psychotherapy and Counseling, B.A (Psychology)
Psychologist, Thane
Hello lybrate-user, You need counselling and you will surely come out of it. We have different therapies by which you can come out. No hypnotherapy is not recommended. You should see a Psychologist and they can really help you out without using hypnotherapy. Tkcre.

Can I take l- citrulline as a pre-workout while being on antidepressants. I am currently taking rexipra 30 mg, Mirtaz 15 mg at bedtime. Is it safe or will there be any adverse interaction?

Dr. Ashish Kuthe 88% (15 ratings)
MD Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Nagpur
L citrulline is amino acid. So. U can take it along with it only if needed. But ideally. Pre workout with such amino acid need to be avoided. Already you are on rexipra nd mirtaz. Which wil give you happiness nd active ness. Rest you can continue your gym nd medicine to tackle emotional nd physical. Issues. Thank you.

Health Quizzes

Are ayurvedic remedies effective in treating depression?

Dr. Rajeshkumar Radadiya 94% (245 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Ahmedabad
Persistent irritability can be a symptom of depression. True or False? Take the quiz to find out!
Start Quiz

Are you contributing to your depression?

MS - Psychotherapy & Counselling
Psychologist, Chennai
Depression will pass away with time if ignored. True or false. Take a quiz to know more.
Start Quiz

Anxious all the time- What can be the reason?

Ms. Atika Shukla 87% (15 ratings)
Post Graduate Diploma in Pyschology
Psychologist, Noida
It is impossible for a person to come out of anxiety disorder. True or False? Take this quiz to know now!
Start Quiz

How to reduce depression?

Certificate in Wellness Management, Master In Counselling Psychology
Psychologist, Bangalore
Food does not have a role in treating depression. True or false. Take a quiz to know more.
Start Quiz

Movie therapy for mental health

Dr. Saptarshi Adhikari 89% (88 ratings)
Masters of Philosphy, Master of Science, Bachelor of Sciences
Psychologist, Kolkata

Popular Health Packages

ENQUIRE
15 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹3000
ENQUIRE
30 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹5000
ENQUIRE
45 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹2000
ENQUIRE
30 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹6000
ENQUIRE
30 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹3000
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice