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Overview

Depression - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Depression is a medical illness which needs to be taken seriously. It is way beyond the occasional bouts of feeling sad or being blue. In more than 19 million teenagers and adults in the US have been found to persist over prolonged periods. And eventually, they take their toll and interfere with the everyday activities of a person’s life.

The Different Forms of Depression

Depression manifests itself in one of its several forms. These are:

  • Major Depression- In the case of major depression the symptoms are severe enough to interfere with a person’s ability to sleep, work, study, eat and enjoy his life. Major depression episodes may occur a single time or more commonly even multiple times in a person’s life.
  • Dysthymia or Dysthymic disorder- In this variant of depression the symptoms are less severe but persist over prolonged periods that stretch to two years or more.
  • Minor Depression- In the case of minor depression the symptoms are not all that severe and persist for only a small amount of time.

What are the causes of depression?

Depression may be caused by a single or a combination of factors like:

  • Genetic Propensity- People whose families have previous histories of depression are more susceptible to having the illness than people with no family history of depression.
  • Brain Chemistry- The chemistry of the people suffering from depression is different from those who do not have the disease.
  • Stress- Sometimes events that evoke strong emotions like a dear person’s death, a difficult relationship or other situations that are acutely stressful may be enough to trigger bouts of depression.

Treatment of Depression

The first step in treating a patient with depression is to consult a mental health professional or doctor. This visit may be followed by examinations and laboratory tests to rule out other similar conditions. Medications taken by a patient too fall under scrutiny. The doctor takes into account detailed family and medical history of the disease and then proceeds to prescribe antidepressants accordingly. However, the medicines are slow to take effect. But medical antidepressants often have severe side effects that may not be acceptable in all cases. Psychotherapy is another option that may help in the treatment of depression. It works by teaching new behaviour and ways of thinking that may help to alleviate some of the symptoms. It gives a person an insight into why the depression is occurring and what makes the situation worse.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable
Symptoms
Loosing interest in daily activities Insomnia or oversleeping Anger Irritability Loss of energy Self loathing Concentration issues

Popular Health Tips

Health Tip

BSc - Food & Applied Nutrition, MSc - Food & Applied Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Faridabad
Health Tip
Caffeine is the most frequently used central nervous system stimulant in the world. Drinking coffee offers a boost of energy and a lift in well being. Coffee appears to be more effective than tea is because some of its components may counteract the negative effects of depression. Coffee also contains chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, and caffeic acid. These acids can reduce the inflammation of nerve cells that takes place in the brain of people with depression. We hear a lot about the negative effects of caffeine on our health, but it turns out that caffeine has its good points too. Research from the Harvard School of Public Health found that women who drank a minimum of four cups of coffee per day could lower their risk of depression by 20 per cent. So, we can say The risk of depression appears to decrease with increased coffee and caffeine consumption.
1 person found this helpful

Depression Relapse - Is There Hope To Survive It?

Dr. Vaibhav Dubey 86% (18 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bhopal
Depression Relapse - Is There Hope To Survive It?
Depression is defined as a mental state which is typified by pessimistic sense of insufficiency and a hopeless lack of activity. This state could be so severe that it may require clinical intervention. 'Relapse' is the term coined for the reappearance of signs of depression within six months after the patient has been cured of depression. The time period of depression relapse may be smaller than depression recurrence, but it is equally frightening in both the cases. It becomes very difficult for the patient to combat all the signs of depression and cope up with gloom, fatigue, bad temper etc. The person starts alienating himself from the rest of the world. So, it becomes necessary for him to follow an apt strategy to survive a depression relapse. First of all, the patient suffering from depression relapse should immediately consult his or her therapist or psychiatrist and get an adequate treatment for the same. The treatment procedure may include intake of antidepressants and psychotherapy. While the treatment is carried on, you may require some tips to survive that time interval. Below are some guidelines for the same- 1. Accept the Truth: Though it is never easy to acknowledge the state of mental illness, but it is the key to cope up with depression relapse. Accepting that depression would strike again and again would help you to deal with it. 2. Identify the Symptoms of Depression Relapse Instead of neglecting the initial signs of depression relapse, it is necessary to accept that depression has hit you again. It is better to leave your shame or guilt aside and consider it as a normal event. Immediately go and make your therapist aware of the symptoms you identified, so that remedial action could be taken accordingly. The first sign of depression relapse may differ from person to person. It may be lack of sensation or any sudden surge of energy. Although these changes may appear subtle but should be noted down and conveyed to your therapist. 3. Seek help from others Depression relapse gets easier to survive with the help of friends, family and loved ones. Open up about your mental state and talk freely to others. You will find that you are not alone. Constant support from your nearby people will prove very beneficial. They will keep reminding you the fact that, 'this too shall pass away'. Do not alienate yourself, instead try to socialize. Hang out with your friends and indulge in activities which bring you pleasure. Primarily it will be hard to seek joy by socializing but it will prove fruitful in the long run. Pursue your hobbies and try to relax. Depression Relapse occurs again and again, no matter how hard one tries to run away from it. So, it is better to accept this harsh truth and start following the above measures to survive Depression Relapse.
5 people found this helpful

Common Reasons OF Depressive Disorders!

Dr. Rajeev Ranjan 89% (18 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Gopalganj
Common Reasons OF Depressive Disorders!
A depressive disorder is not just a passing phase of the mind; it is a condition which involves your body, mind, and thoughts. It comes in the way of your daily life, thereby preventing you from carrying out your regular routine, even making it harder for you to concentrate or work properly. The exact causes are still not known, but as certain studies suggest, it might be hereditary, due to changes in the neuroendocrine functions, or due to other psychological and social factors. Some of the depressive disorders are: Major depressive disorder Persistent depressive disorder Other specified or unspecified depressive disorders Others are classified by their causes: Premenstrual Dysphoric disorder Another medical condition induced depressive disorder Substance/Medication-induced depressive disorder Depressive disorders can set in at any point in time, but primarily, symptoms are visible in your late teens, 20's or your 30's. Symptoms For major depression the symptoms are: 1.Feelings of depression throughout the day 2.Significantly diminished interest in all your activities
2 people found this helpful

7 Symptoms You Might Be Suffering From Depression!

Dr. Pradnya Mulay 92% (243 ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Navi Mumbai
7 Symptoms You Might Be Suffering From Depression!
Depression has a way of entering our lives silently, however, once there it can wreck havoc, as it is known to disrupt life slowly and steadily. Depression can be of many types and can affect different people in a different manner. Let us take a look as to how to spot the signs of depression in a person. Types of depression: Depression due to stress Depression due to menopause Depression due to workload Depression in teenagers Depression in old people Major depression Atypical depression Dysthymia Seasonal Affective Disorder Symptoms of depression are: Feeling hopeless and sad: The first signal or symptom is the feeling of hopelessness. In this, the patient loses the hope in everything. They feel like being trapped in some kind of cage, from which they are not able to come out. Lack of interest in anything: Everything seems to be of no use or interest, even your daily work. You don't want to do anything; even the things, which you loved to do like your hobbies and passions, which you no longer find interesting. Sleep irregularity: Insomnia or oversleeping. Either you sleep too much or do not sleep at all. This could be because of work or other stress in your personal or professional life. Irritation or unnecessarily getting angry: You start losing your temper easily and that too for silly reasons. You think you are losing control. Appetite problems: You either stress eat too much or too less or sometimes not at all. You are not willing to even eat your favourite dish is a sign of depression.' Concentration problems: You can't focus or concentrate on a particular thing for a long time. Frustration: You start feeling worthless and might even think of ending your life and getting out of this problem. Your behaviour changes and you can't think properly on one topic. No need to get disheartened if the above symptoms are plaguing you, because the solution of your problem is in homeopathy. Homeopathy medicines do not have side effects and they remove the ailment from the roots. Medicines like Arsenicum Album, Ignatia, Natrum Muriaticum, Sepia help in various kinds of depressions. These should be taken in proper quantity as directed by the physician to get cured properly.
1 person found this helpful

4 Ways To Manage If Someone Is Suffering From Depression!

Dr. Kalrav Mistry 89% (102 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Ahmedabad
4 Ways To Manage If Someone Is Suffering From Depression!
Most mental and emotional health issues are inconspicuous in nature and, therefore, cause more harm than they otherwise should, most people still live with a number of symptoms of depression without even realizing it or do little to address it. When the depressive symptoms last for more than 2 weeks and affect the individual's personal, social or occupational life, it is known as clinical depression or major depression. There is often a delay in opting for the treatment because of the social taboo associated with depression. Depression makes a person miserable, disappointed, restless or numb for long and tedious timeframes, and is debilitating, particularly when they can't demonstrate their feelings and worries to anybody. It can meddle with their productivity and can become a concern not only in workplaces, but also in social circles. So here's how to deal with a friend or family member in a depressed state of mind. 1. Be considerate: Do understand that depression doesn't mean" trouble". Melancholy is a condition with an assortment of side effects like exhaustion, confused mind state and rest issues. These are all side effects of melancholy. Crabbiness is an exceptionally basic side effect, which once in a while is encountered by many individuals, and can lead to an expanded sensitivity. Normally, it's difficult to be sympathetic with someone who is behaving grumpily. But you need to make a conscious effort to still see the positive in depressed individuals and lead them to hope. 2. Encourage and support: Try not to shame people for being negative. Dejection changes the world into a scene of pessimism. Discouraged individuals don't just focus on the negatives, but they also disregard the positives. 3. Do validate: Approval can help manage a depressed state, and can wean a friend or family member out of depression. Remember that someone with dejection is not living in the same universe as you. The laws that oversee your universe don't exist in theirs.Depressed individuals require your understanding, your empathy, and your affection, considerably more when they are having a troublesome day, week or month. It is hard, but possible. Discouraged individuals value a positive backing in particular. 4. Never say 'you're too much': When someone with depression is told "you're too much" particularly by somebody near them, it can send them spiralling into blame and nervousness and bitterness. Being encouraging and empowering is likewise useful.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Suffering from depression from last 3 years, negative thinking and mood off always.

Mr. Rajan P 90% (714 ratings)
M.Sc - Applied Psychology, P.G.Dip.in Guidance &Counselling, B.A., Psychology, Dip.in Pharmacy, 6-month Internship
Psychologist, Madurai
Dear Lybrate user. Mood swings and negative thoughts occur in every human being now and then. But if it lasts for a particular period of time and affects one's day-to-day life it becomes clinically significant. It should be diagnosed by a psychiatrist we have a very good treatment options for depressive disorders. It is a three dimensional approach, treatments with medicines and psychological treatment with social skills training, by which one with depression can lead a normal and productive life like anybody else. See a psychiatrist asap.
2 people found this helpful

Doctors please help me. Since 5 years I am taking treatment for the depression and I am on medication now on venlift od 150 mg. But still I have less number of concentration and poor memory and another thing is that I sweat heavy amount from head, face and backside its totally gets wet in social situation and it makes me again depressed every day it is happening I lost self confidence and self esteem please tell me doctor how to reduce the sweating any lotions and creams is there then please prescribe me.

Dr. Saul Pereira 93% (39560 ratings)
Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
DEpression often times goes together with anxiety. The sweating is due to the anxiety. What you are doing unfortunately like many people is not combining medication with counseling. You must go and meet with a counselor immediately and meet with the doctor too but you must cooperate with both to your utmost. Please visit these professionals along with your parents. In the meantime please do the following sincerely because you could resolve the problem better with good cooperation: Have a good night’s sleep, have a good breakfast of more proteins, meditate often, remain free of stress, eat a lot of fiber, nuts, avocado, exercise regularly, eat dark chocolate, do Yoga meditation exercises, etc. I suggest you do the opposite of what this depression makes you feel like doing (actually, not doing): you will need to fight this condition. You must become active; stay upright during the daylight time; meet people; never sleep during the day, wake up by 6 am every day, play some active games, especially contact games, do physical exercises, talk to people and join some social clubs, attend Yoga classes etc. Watch sitcoms on TV or comedies and cheer yourself up. Go for excursions in groups, for outings, camps, conferences, and religious conventions. Get a pet dog and spend time training it, exercising it and relating to it. Expose yourself to some sunlight every day, at least, 30 minutes but not in the scorching heat. Whatever happens, please incorporate these three important adaptations in your life: always be responsible, be respectful, and be functional. If you did these three, lots of things will go well in life. Please pray and have faith in God to alleviate your sufferings. Don’t wait for others to help. Use your own motivation, which might be at its lowest, but persevere and win this battle. Above all to be really happy, you need to live in love and for love. Learn all about emotions and how to handle them and that will get you out of the depression rather easily and quickly. A counselor is there only to facilitate you, all the hard word must come from you, and your cooperation with that person is very critical for your success. Be positive every day and learn to be contented with what you have. Do some left brain exercises: it is the happy brain. Here are a few suggestions: shut your left nostril and breathe, move your eyes from right to left and vice versa for at least half a minute at a time, and do calisthenic exercises with some form of counting, regularly. Whatever happens please cooperate with the therapy and do not discontinue until the condition is completely resolved.

Hi. I read somewhere that medicine of depression and anxiety causes sexual dysfunction? I am already having anxiety depression and sexual issues. What if I start medicine for depression and anxiety .will it worsen my sexual problems? please help. Have all this issues from 7-9 years. I am just 24.

Dr. Vikas Patel 91% (488 ratings)
Diploma in Psychological Medicine, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Ludhiana
Hello Mr sudhir, first of all let me clear ur doubt. Not all anti-anxiety and anti depressant medicines are causing sexual dysfunction. Second point is not all people who are taking this medication will suffer from sexual dysfunction. Third there are many medications which are deprived of sexual dysfunction. So don't be misguided by someone who want to encash ur problem. Think, consult than decide. Thank you for your question.
1 person found this helpful

I am 19 years old female. My bf leave me and I cannot get over him I can not move on from him I love him badly but he do not want to be with me and hurts me everyday. I am having a hope that one day he will come back Whenever I see his updates I feel even more hurt. How to overcome this situation?

Dr. Deepak Dass 93% (1065 ratings)
NCCH & MCH
Homeopath, Kolkata
Dear user life doesn't end on one person or is limited to one person try to throw out all your bottled emotions, escape or block things that reminds you of him. Get involved in new activities life for yourself now buit yourself to your aim that you had in your life when you where a child live for your parents and at the most be positive in life and accept whatever happen happens for good and nothing in life is permanent... apart from these you also need a constitutional Homeopathic medicine which will help you cope up with the problem take care.
1 person found this helpful

What should a person do suffering from a serious depression, how can that person stop thinking about suicide and harming himself? Also that person has attempted suicide before.

Dr. Srinivasa Sastry Malladi 87% (28 ratings)
MBBS, MRCPsych (UK)
Psychiatrist, Visakhapatnam
Someone in serious state of depression needs immediate help and attention as they may have risks such as suicidal ideation. Kindly consult psychiatrist as they may consider hospitalization to improve the condition until the condition has improved to the extent that he or she is no longer suicidal. During the process of recovery doctor would use treatment options such as medications and psychology support. Right now the topmost priority is to make sure that the person is safe. So please seek help urgently.
1 person found this helpful

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Treating Depression With Homeopathy - Will It Really Help?

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Depression - Strange Things That Can Cause It!

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Viral infections can cause depression too. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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