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Depression - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

The Different Forms of Depression

Depression manifests itself in one of its several forms. These are:

  • Major Depression- In the case of major depression the symptoms are severe enough to interfere with a person’s ability to sleep, work, study, eat and enjoy his life. Major depression episodes may occur a single time or more commonly even multiple times in a person’s life.
  • Dysthymia or Dysthymic disorder- In this variant of depression the symptoms are less severe but persist over prolonged periods that stretch to two years or more.
  • Minor Depression- In the case of minor depression the symptoms are not all that severe and persist for only a small amount of time.

What are the causes of depression?

Depression may be caused by a single or a combination of factors like:

  • Genetic Propensity- People whose families have previous histories of depression are more susceptible to having the illness than people with no family history of depression.
  • Brain Chemistry- The chemistry of the people suffering from depression is different from those who do not have the disease.
  • Stress- Sometimes events that evoke strong emotions like a dear person’s death, a difficult relationship or other situations that are acutely stressful may be enough to trigger bouts of depression.

Treatment of Depression

The first step in treating a patient with depression is to consult a mental health professional or doctor. This visit may be followed by examinations and laboratory tests to rule out other similar conditions. Medications taken by a patient too fall under scrutiny. The doctor takes into account detailed family and medical history of the disease and then proceeds to prescribe antidepressants accordingly. However, the medicines are slow to take effect. But medical antidepressants often have severe side effects that may not be acceptable in all cases. Psychotherapy is another option that may help in the treatment of depression. It works by teaching new behaviour and ways of thinking that may help to alleviate some of the symptoms. It gives a person an insight into why the depression is occurring and what makes the situation worse.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable
Loosing interest in daily activities Insomnia or oversleeping Anger Irritability Loss of energy Self loathing Concentration issues

Popular Health Tips

5 Interesting Facts About Post Traumatic Stress Disorder!

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
5 Interesting Facts About Post Traumatic Stress Disorder!

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder which develops due to a terrifying traumatic incident. Traumatic events like violent personal assaults, man-made disasters, accidents, military combat etc. can trigger PTSD.

What are the symptoms of PTSD?
People with PTSD mostly re-experience the whole incident repeatedly in the form of flashback episodes and nightmares. This happens more when they are exposed to the events or objects which are reminiscent of the trauma. The other symptoms are emotional numbness, sleep disturbances, depression, anxiety and irritability leading to outbursts of anger on others. People with PTSD feel intense guilt mostly. Anniversaries of such an event can also trigger symptoms of PTSD. When these symptoms last for more than a month, the person is diagnosed with PTSD.

Who will most likely develop PTSD?
You do not need to be in the military to suffer from PTSD. People who have suffered child abuse during school, who have had traumatic experiences are more likely to develop the condition. Other factors that may cause PTSD are still under research.

When does PTSD occur?
PTSD can occur at any age, given the intensity and frequency of symptoms. The symptoms typically are seen within 3 months post a traumatic event, although it may not begin until next year. Once the PTSD symptoms appear, the severity and duration of the illness may vary.

What are the treatments available for PTSD?
Cognitive-behavioral therapy, group therapy, and exposure therapy have been very effective in treating PTSD where the patient gradually and repeatedly relives the frightening experience under controlled surroundings which helps him/her work through the trauma. Medicines also help ease associated symptoms such as depression and anxiety.

Do other illnesses accompany PTSD?
PTSD can present with many associated conditions like depression, alcohol or substance abuse, anxiety disorder etc. Certain symptoms like headaches, gastrointestinal ailments, immune system issues, dizziness, chest pain or discomfort in other parts of the body are common. To treat PTSD entirely, it is necessary to take these symptoms into consideration as well.

PTSD is a difficult condition to deal with. If you or someone you know happens to suffer from PTSD, the first thing is to seek help. Having PTSD does not make you weak. All you need is a little help and support from your family and friends, to make you feel better. Happy Mind, Healthy You! In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4296 people found this helpful

Eating Disorders And Suicidal Thoughts - Are They Related?

M.Phil - Clinical Psychology, M.Sc - Neuropsychology
Psychologist, Zirakpur
Eating Disorders And Suicidal Thoughts - Are They Related?

Eating disorders can harm your physical and mental health. Anorexia, bulimia and binge eating are some of the most common eating disorders. They are typically caused by dissatisfaction with physical appearances. Feeling bad about how you look can often lead to depression. In many cases, this can also lead to suicidal thoughts. Here are a few reasons for this.

  1. Feeling of hopelessness: Eating disorders typically start out as ways to lose weight and look better. Most patients think that this will make them more popular amongst friends and colleagues. However, when they do not see themselves winning more friends because of their new figure, it can lead to feelings of despair and hopelessness. This can make them feel unworthy of living and give rise to suicidal thoughts.
  2. Malnourishment: By not eating enough food, the body is deprived of essential nutrients. This can give rise to a number of health issues. Malnourishment also influences how the neurons in the brain function. It can hamper the person’s ability to think clearly and contribute to a distorted sense of reality. As a result, the person may be more easily influenced by negativity.
  3. Feeling of being a burden: The combination of helplessness, negativity and nutrient deficiency can make the person feel as though they were a burden on everyone else. The attention given to them by friends and family can further intensify such thoughts. In many cases, the person may end up having suicidal thoughts that if he were to give up his life, his friends and family would be better off without him.
  4. Unrealistic ideals: People with eating disorders typically have unrealistic ideals of the lifestyle and figure they would like to have. When they do not see these goals being achieved in the manner that they dreamt of, it can cause frustration. This can make the person feel worse about himself or herself.

Like any other disease or disorder, it is essential for people with eating disorders to get professional help overcoming their habits. Parents, friends and other members of the family should be supportive and be on the lookout for signs of suicidal thoughts. This includes talking about death, researching means of suicide, not being able to sleep or sleeping too much, isolating oneself from people around, losing interest in activities and hobbies etc. If the person does seem to be having suicidal thoughts, they should not be ignored but brought to the notice of a counsellor immediately.

4 people found this helpful

Kidney Stones - Sign & Symptoms To Watch Out For!

MBBS, MS - Urology, DNB
Urologist, Guwahati
Kidney Stones - Sign & Symptoms To Watch Out For!

Kidney stones are one of the most common urinary tract disorders. These stones are the result of an abnormal concentration of urine. The stones might get unnoticed, till it moves around the kidney or passes into the ureter. The stones are basically small deposits of calcium that can cause excruciating pain.

Here is a list of signs that can indicate that a person might be suffering from kidney stone disorder:

  1. Painful Urination: The most common sign of kidney stones is a sudden urge to urinate. The urination occurs even though an individual has maintained the normal rate of fluid intake. When an individual does try to urinate, the amount of urine expelled is less than normal. In case of a normal volume of urine, an individual might experience extreme pain. The pain is the result of kidney stones travelling from the bladder to the urethra.
  2. Back Pain: People suffering from kidney stones often suffer from localized back pain in the early stages. The pain initiates at the side and back, just near the kidney area. As the condition worsens, the pain might spread to the groin, lower abdomen and lower back area. The waves of pain might last from a few minutes to few hours, depending on the number and size of the stones. For men, the pain might also be felt in the testicles and scrotum area.
  3. Blood In Urine: Apart from pain and discoloration, visible signs of blood in the urine are seen in patients who have kidney stones. The color of urine might vary from brown, pink to slightly red with stains of blood. With kidney stones increasing in size, it blocks the urethra, thereby ticking blood along with urine. This condition is referred to as hematuria.
  4. Vomiting and Nausea: People suffering from kidney stones often complain of nausea. It can become so severe that can lead to vomiting. Some other complications related to this condition include dehydration, nutritional deficiency etc. Another theory suggests that, throwing up is the result of body’s endeavor of clearing the toxic material from the body.
  5. Pungent Smell: It is quite common among patients suffering from kidney stones to have a pungent smelling urine. The smell is foul and sticks for a long time. The smell is the result of creatinine waste being accumulated and slowly passing through the urine from time to time.
  6. Difficulty in Sitting: Once the kidney stones gain in size, it becomes increasingly difficult for a patient to sit or lie down for a longer duration. Sitting or lying down puts pressure in the kidney area thereby causing intense pain. People try to combat this condition, by frequently standing up or by having a small walk.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2917 people found this helpful

3 Most Common Mental Disorders You Must Know About!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Psychiatry, Master of Public Health (MPH) Sweden
Psychiatrist, Delhi
3 Most Common Mental Disorders You Must Know About!

Here is a list of few most commonly observed mental disorders in the society. It is a hard to accept truth that even though people are aware of the existence of mental disorder, yet they not make an effort in identifying them. Therefore, read carefully and help people with any of these illnesses around you.

1. Anxiety

Anxiety is one of the most common types of mental disorders which is readily observed in 2 out of 5 people. A lot of patients are also observed with physical symptoms such as- shaky hands. Despite being so common amongst people, many choose to ignore it and others do not acknowledge the seriousness of this disease. In anxiety, a person will suffer extreme fear and in the moment of an anxiety attack he will have changed behavor, as well.

2. Depression

Another commonly observed mental disorder is depression which is also one of the most fatal diseases in the world. Herein, the patient does not die because of physical shhortcomings but the depressed state of mind could cause the peoson to drive himself to suicide or substance abuse conditions. Depression is an extremely important and very harmful mental disorder, which, if left unnoticed could drive the person towards his own end and destruction.

Signs and symptoms of depression:

It is extremely hard to identify a person with depression based on his looks because a despressed person will look the same on the outside but there will be going on a turmoil of emotions on the inside.The patient will give positive test to a psychomotor retardation


The person will not respond in a usual mannerHe will be restless

3. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

This is another one of the most commonly observed mental disorder in mankind. In this illness, a person will be obsessed with one person, thing or a place. This obsessive attachment to any said thing could turn dangerous as the person might cross any limits in order to attain it. A person could be subject to one or more of the following OCD’s:

  1. Cleanliness
  2. Being worried all the time about ones safety
  3. Keeping the things in order
  4. Repeating actions
  5. Reassurance
  6. Autism

Autism is also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder which targets the mind of young childen and permanently cause a change in their behaviour which is hard to undo. This illness falls under the child psychiatry branch of Psychiatry. Autism is a great threat to the mankind because the children are future of our world and there has been an increase in Autism, lately.

Signs and Symptoms:

  1. Repressed or late response to environmental stimuli
  2. Unable to communicate in same language as others
  3. Unable to communicate socially
  4. Repetitive actions
  5. Deviations in thoughts
  6. Absence of smile
  7. Always looking at the ground
  8. Such children easily cries
  9. Aggressive

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3651 people found this helpful

Does Your Brain Works Differently In Different Seasons?

DM - Neurology, MD - Medicine, MBBS
Neurologist, Gurgaon
Does Your Brain Works Differently In Different Seasons?

The brain is said to weigh only 2% of the weight of a person but at the same time, it accounts for 20% of the energy consumed by him or her. There are so many great things by the brain, quite a lot of which are quirky.

The brain is constantly developing and changing. As a matter of fact, one thing which is said to change is the way the brain functions i.e. it is said that the brain could alter the way it functions in accordance with the seasons!

Researchers from Belgium found that when people performed some actions; while the manner in which these actions were performed did not change, what was observed to change was the amount of brain intensity which was warranted in order to complete these tasks.

Seasons on your mind?
Some of the weird things that were found by them include the fact that if a person wished to sustain his or her attention, the effort in neural terms was the least in the month of December. What this means is that if a person wishes to focus on doing something which is of quite some importance, then he or she is best off doing it in December as the stamina for doing so would be the greatest. On the other hand, the month of June was seen to demand the greatest effort for a person to concentrate.

In many situations, things seem to have been just out of mental grasp. It becomes difficult to recollect certain memories of a particular time. This problem is usually faced by people during the months of autumn. This is because the autumn time demands the most of the working memory of a person. On the contrary, if a person seems to have the ability to remember something off the top of his or her head, it is most likely to occur over the period of time around the spring equinox.

Now, a lot of people are likely to wonder why this is the case and whether this phenomenon can be seen in each and every person. The answer to that is that people who have SAD or Seasonal Affective Disorder may be more likely to have the working of their minds affected due to changes in seasons. This has not been proven yet.

So, if a person is not a winter person, it may be all in the mind! In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!


3071 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am depressed last 10 years. I take anti depression drug regular (before 3 years). Take anti depression drug I well but stop I not well. How to reduce anti depression drug. Please suggest.

Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Dear Sir Thank you for your query. Antidepressant medication are usually safe and can be taken for a long term without any adverse effect. It is recommended that the medication should be continued for a long time in people who have chronic or long term depression and have multiple episodes of depression. Many people take these medicine for life long without any problems. Stopping the medicine can result in a relapse. So please consult your psychiatrist if you have any concerns about the medications and do not stop them without consulting your psychiatrist. Apart from medications, psychological therapy for depression can benefit you. Also, certain healthy lifestyle techniques like regular exercise and meditation will help you. Thanks Regards.

I am eating slate chalk on a daily basis from last 5 yrs. 5 years ago I also used to eat plaster wall, mud, soil. I am very much attract from these type of things. I also want to stop for eating these things, sometime I take initiate and stop to eat for some months but after that whenever I am feeling lonely or I am alone in my home, or depress, I only think about eating slate. I am also a thyroid patient. Sometime I am really depressed. Eating slate makes me feel relax. When I am depress.

Diploma in psychology, PVA ayurveda, bits,pilani
Psychologist, Bangalore
Hello Friend, Good that you are seeking a help here. It's a type of addiction issues and need psychotherapy support to control the trigger, thoughts or urge. It's not advisable to continue even at age. As you mentioned, it's important to address your depression issues as well. Be positive. We can help you to overcome this problem. Feel free to reach out to me online for further evaluation and recommendation.
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from depression .mood disorder sad and good not happy .I take duloxetine 20 mg tablet and 30 mg radizex. 25 mg .but there is no effect on me. I take medicine from pgi chandigarh .but I can, t tell about addiction .i take alcohol and weed last 4 years ganja regularly .but last 1 year I take alcohol very much kabhi kabhi10 15 din daily to april may 2018 1 month regularly I take 4 5pegs and smoke daily and .weed but bahut pita tha. But I can't tell pgi about my addiction so kindly suggest me best medicine and doctor for this treatment. I feel depressed sar me lagta ha bojh sa ha .I can, t think properly .please help me to get out of this.

MSW, Clinical Hypnotherapy, MBA, Post Graduation in Counselling, Research Scholar
Psychologist, Guwahati
We as life skills coaches don't prescribe ny medication, for that you need to consult a qualified psychiatrist You also need to consult a qualified counsellor in your area and take their advice to get yourself released of all emotional trauma you hold within Symptoms suggests you are too much overworked and anxious You can engage yourself in some form of yoga or relaxation to take care of your stress and anxiety as apparently from your situation it seems you are very anxious. You should also share issues with close friends and pursue your hobbies to buildup your self esteem. Maybe gardening, writing, painting, music etc.

I loved one girl who she already married and divorced. But she likes his relative decide to marriage him. She is not showing interest on me for sex also. I don't know what to do, but I didn't forget that girl, she's image always on my mind. So I can not able to concentrate on my work, less sleep,stress .so please give suggestions any way I get that girl I will be happy.

MSW, Clinical Hypnotherapy, MBA, Post Graduation in Counselling, Research Scholar
Psychologist, Guwahati
You need to consult a qualified counsellor in your area and take their advice to get yourself released of all emotional trauma you hold within Symptoms suggests you are too much overworked and anxious You can engage yourself in some form of yoga or relaxation to take care of your stress and anxiety as apparently from your situation it seems you are very anxious. You should also share issues with close friends and pursue your hobbies to buildup your self esteem. Maybe gardening, writing, painting, music etc.

I am a deep sensitive person. I feel bad to deal with many people due to this. If someone mocks at me for some reason I 'll feel depressed and won't be able to concentrate on my studies. I am afraid to dream enormous things beyond my comfort zone. The fact is that I desire to get healed and do wanna study harder .i wanna avoid entire kind of distractions. Can you suggest me some remedies?

Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Dear mam Thank you for your query. You will benefit from talking to a professional and seeking psychological therapy. The good news is that you do not have to remain like this for the rest of your life. Many people who have similar difficulties are able to come out of it with proper support. Please see a psychiatrist for a detailed evaluation and therapy. Feel free to contact me through Lybrate for further help.

Table of Content

The Different Forms of Depression
What are the causes of depression?
Treatment of Depression
Play video
Know More About Depression
Hello Everyone!

My name is Kaartik Gupta. I am a clinical psychologist. Aaj hum depression ke bare me bat krenge. Depression jaisa ki aap sab log jante hain bhut hi common problem hai, psychological problem hai. Agar hum sirf India ki bat kren, usme lag bhag har 4 me se 1 insan ko depression ki problem hai. Depression bhut commonly use hone vala word hai. I think sabse pehle jruri hai ki hum smjh len ki depression hota kya hai. Hum sabhi ko kbhi na kbhi low feel hota hai, sad feel hota hai lekin kuch time baad hmara mood thik ho jata hai. Jab hum clinical depression ki bat krte hain to isme main 3 features hote hain, 3 symptoms hote hain jiska symptoms hota hai ki low mood hota hai, loss of pleasure hota hai. Jo pehle apko chizen achi lgti thi, aap enjoy krte the or easy fatigue feel hota hai. Mtlb bina jyada kam kre hue bhi insan ko thakan mehsus hoti hai. Yye sare lakshan kam se kam 2 hafte k lia persist krte hain. Or vo across time rehte hain. Inke alwa concentration me affect aane lgta hai. Uski jo sexual energy hai ya fir loss of libido hai, usme kami mehsus hone lgti hai. Confidence kam hone lgta hai.

Or kayi cases me depression severe hone lga hai. Suicidal behavior bhi dekhne ko milta hai. To ye basically clinical depression ki picture hoti hai. Hum jis tarike se commonly use krte hain ki me depress hun, vo actually clinical depression nhi hota hai. To I think ye sabse jruri hai hum sabko smjhne k lia. Agar hum iske karano ki bat kren ki what causes depression like any other psychological problem, biological, psychological or social factors hote hain jiski vjha se clinical depression ho skta hai. Biological factors me agar hum dekhen to genetic factors ho skte hain. Agar parivar me kisi ko bhi psychological problem ya depression ki history rhi hai to us vaykti ko hone ki tendency badh jati hai. Jaise ki kisi bhi or bimari me hota hai chahe vo thyroid ho ya diabetes ho ya hypertension ho. Isi trha ye bhi hereditary ho skti hai. Dusra hmare dimag me neuro chemicals hote hain jo hmare brain ki functioning ko control krte hain. Unhi me se ek chemical hota hai jisko hum serotonin bolte hain. Isko happy hormone bhi bola jata hai. Studies ne dikhaya hai ki jin logon ko depression hota hai, un logon me jo serotonin ki matra hai jo vo kam ho jati hai.

Vo thoda sa imbalance ho jata hai. Psychological factors ki bat kren to hmara jo prospective hai ya chizon ko dekhne ka nazariya hai, agar vo kafi negative hai, or hmari personality is tarike ki hai agar koi vayakti jo negative prospective rkhta hai, har chiz me problem dekhta hai, un logon ko depression hone ki tendency bhi badh jati hai compared to someone who has a optimum view to life. Social factors me agar kisi tarike ka tanav mehsus hota hai ya koi stressful situation hoti hai jaise kisi ki job chut jati hai ya koi relationship break-up hota hai ya koi or tarike ka stress ata hai to us vjha se bhi clinical depression ka episode initiate ho skta hai. Treatment ki agar hum bat kren to medications me psychiatrist and allopathic medicines hoti hai. Homepathic medicines bhi hain kafi effective hain.

Psychological aspect ki bat kren to psycho therapy hai jisko counsling se bhi jana jata hai. Through CBT which is the form of therapy for treating depression. Yhan pe unke emotions ko handle krne k lia kam kia jata hai. Kaise unke sochne ke tarike ko effective bnaya ja skta hai. Jis s unki functioning better ho ske. Iske alwa jo studies me btaya hai ki combination of medications and psychotherapy is the best form of treatment. Depression ek treatable condition hai. Aaj kal hum kafi celebrities ko dekh rhen hai jo iske bare me open up ho rhen hain and kafi iske bare me bat kr rhen hain. Jiska impact ye hua hai ki logon me iske bare me awareness badh gyi hai. And now they are open to come and see any professional clinical psychologist or any other mental health professional. Agr apko ya apke privaar me ye sare lakshan apko nazar aate hai ya apnea ap mehsus hote hain to aap humse consultation le skte hain. Delhi me hmare 3 centers hai. Ek Pitampura, ek Rajouri Garden or ek Satya Niketan, Moti Bagh me. To aap hmare pas aake homeopathy plus psychological treatment k lia consult kar skte hain.

Thank You!
Play video
How To Get Rid Of Excessive Thoughts?

Mai Dr. Shashi Bhushan Kumar, ek mano-chikitsak hun. Aaj aapse ek jo badi common samasya hai OCD, iske baare mei mai baat karna chahta hun. OCD hamare samaj mei kam se kam 3-4% logon ko hota hai. Jo common symptoms hai OCD ke usmei ek toh zada saaf safai ka dhyan rakhna, baar baar haath dhona, hamesha man mein ek darr rehna ki mujhe kuch na kuch bimari lag jayegi. To iss wajah se vaisi kuch jagao pe jane se bachna. Yeh sab common lakshan hain. Iske alawa kuch aur lakshan hote hain jaise- vichar aata hai ki agar main aisa nahi karunga to hamare ghar mein parivaar ko kuch anhoni ho jayega. To vo 1 particular cheez kuch zaroor Karte hain aur baar baar karte hain.

Jab tak vo nahi karte tab tak unka man nahi maanta. Unhe pata hota hai ki hum yeh galat hain aur jo main kar raha hoon woh sahi nahi hai lekin woh ispe control nahi rakh paate hain. Jab control nahi rakh paate hain tabhi isko hum bimari ka roop maante hain. Iske alawa kuch symptom hota hai jisko symmetrical symptoms bolte hain. Symmetry ka symptom hota hai. Doubts hota hai, jaise ki aapne kadpe pehne hai to aapko lagega ki maine thik se nhi pehna hai. Ya baal aapne kangi kiya hoga toh aapko lagega ki kangi thik se nahi hua hai. Joote pehane hue hai to joote ki lace thik se nahi bandhe hue hain. Is tarah ke symptom hote hain, ki kuch chiz jo aap baar baar rakhte hain to lagega ki thik se rakha hua nhi hai, usko proper way mei hona chahiye.

Aap ko lagega ki nahi just right nahi hai usko dobara se usko rakhte hain. Iss tarah ke symptom hota hai jisse ki tab aapko lagta hai ki ye sab OCD ke symptom hain. Jab doubt hota hai kapdo ke baare mein, jooton ke baare mein to aap puchte hain ghar walo se, dosto se ki kya main thik lag raha hoon? Mere kapde thik hai ki nahi hai? Ya joote thik bandhe hue hai ya nahi? Agar aapko doubt hota hai toh bahut log baar baar unhein bandhte hain kholte hain. Bahut baat cheezo Ko dekhte hain. To is tarah se yeh cheezein lagataar unko pareshan karti rehti hai. Aur ye irresistible hota hai. Unko pata hota hai ki jo main kar raha hoon woh bakwas hai, iska koi meaning nahi hai. Lekin inn sab ke bawajood bhi vo usko band nahi kar paate hain. Aur chah kar bhi woh apne vicharo ko rok nahi paate hain aur vicharo ke badle Mei jo prakriyaein karte hain jaise ki baar baar haath dhona.

Ye vichar hota hai ki hamare hath gande hain uski vajah se vo baar baar haath dhote hain. Kuch chizein woh baar baar saaf karte hain, kapde saaf baar baar karenge, nahane mei bhi baar baar zada samay lagta hain unko. Unko pata hota hai ki jo main ye kar raha hoon woh theek nahi hai, uske bawajood bhi woh usko baar baar karte hain. Tabhi hum isko OCD mante hain, jab ye koi bhi vichar ya koi bhi symptom aap ko aap ki personal life mein, professional life mein ya routine life mein pareshani paida karne lage tab vo disease ka roop ho jata hai. Isko ham log bolte hain Socio-Occupational Dysfunction. Jab symptoms se Socio-Occupational Dysfunction hone lage tab aapko kisi bhi mano-chikitsak se milna chahiye.

Aur OCD chunki ek aisi bimari hai jo treat hoone mein bhi samay zada leta hai. Dawai jab tak 2-3 mahina nahi chalta hai tab tak isme koi sudhar nahi aata hai. Jabki depression mei, psychosis mei, ya dusre panic disorders ya dusre psychiatric disorders mei iss tarah ki samasya nahi hai. OCD mei response rate bohot poor hota hai aur zada der tak dawai khane ke baad faeda hota hai. Aur thik hone ke baad aapko iski dawai ko band karne ka koshish nhi karna chahiye. Kyunki agar ek baar relapse hota hai to phir dobara se thik hone mein bhi zada samay leta hai. Toh OCD ek bohot hi common samasya hai aur jab iss tarah ke common symptoms jo hamne ginaye hain uske baare mei agar aapko aisa lagta hai ki aap usse peedit hai, aapko aisa ho raha hai to aap zarur mile. Psychiatrist se mile. Aur kisi bhi psychiatrist se aap mil sakte hain Apne aas paas ke area se ya jahan se aapko pasand hota hai.

Thank you!
Play video
Postpartum Depression Or Postnatal Depression
Hello Everyone!

My name is Dr. Aparna Deshmukh. I am a consultant psychiatrist sexologist. Today I will be talking on postpartum depression or postnatal depression. Postpartum depression is a mood disorder which is characterised by depressive symptoms in the period that follows childbirth in either of the parents. More commonly in mothers. It is important to know about postpartum depression because no.1 is common. About 15% of women suffer from postpartum depression in the postnatal period. Secondly, not only it is important from the point of view mother s mental health but mother who suffers postpartum depression is unable to care for her infant effectively.

And it leads to profound effect, mental health and well-being of the child in the future too. And thirdly, in postpartum depression in its severe form which is postpartum psychosis, the mothers may have thoughts of harming their infants. And they may actually act upon this thought leading to actual harm to an infant and in some cases even death. So how do patients with postpartum depression presents. The postpartum depression onset is usually 2 weeks to 1 month after delivery or sometimes even miscarriage. Some professional even diagnose it after 1 year of child birth. Here the patient typically presents with behaviour and cognitive symptoms. The emotional symptoms include the patient saying that they are sad, sometimes they feel empty inside.

Some patients are irritable, and they get angry on trivial issues. On the other hands. Some patients become lethargic and complaint of low energy or loss of pleasure, loss of interest, loss of enthusiasm. And some patients become withdrawn, non-communicative. In different towards their infant. And in general, they have this fear and worry that they would not be able to care for their infant which leads to a feeling of inadequacy. And sometimes inappropriate guilt and sheen. Many patient s complaints about a loss of concentration, poor memory that they are not able to take their decisions. The decision-making capacity has been reduced. Or they are unable to think clearly. Some have thoughts of hopelessness or helplessness. And even worklessness. And some patients in their severe illnesses may also have thoughts of humming themselves or even others.

The relatives might notice that the patient has either become withdrawn or non-communicative or they may feel that the patient is overwhelmed and anxious. They may notice that the patient is very lethargic. Or some patients, they sleep a lot. Mostly the whole day. And some patients do not sleep at all. So, sleep patterns may vary depending on the patient. Even the appetite changes are noticed in some patient. The severe form of postpartum depression that I was saying formally postpartum psychosis. Now in postpartum psychosis other than these symptoms, there is also presence of psychotic symptoms. These includes suspiciousness towards family member that they will harm them which leads to an agitative and aggressive behaviour of the patients. Sometimes the patient hallucinates i.e. the hear of voices that are inaudible to others. And the relatives may notice that the patient muttering to self, talking to self. Sometimes patient may also have excessive physical activities. Or they may talk excessively or there is the running of thoughts in their mind. So, these symptoms may also be the part of postpartum psychosis.

Another entity, that needs to be differentiated postpartum depression is postpartum blues or baby blues. Now this entity is more common. But fortunately, it is a milder form. And the depressive symptoms are milder. Patient may complaint of depressed mood, fluctuating moods, irritability, change in sleep and appetite pattern. But the good thing is that it is self-limiting. However, in some cases postpartum blues may progress to postpartum depression. So, how common is postpartum depression? Like I said 15% of women in their postnatal period suffer from postnatal depression. However, postpartum psychosis is rarer. Postpartum blues on the other hand much more common. Affecting 50-70% of the women in the postnatal period. What causes postnatal depression?

There are multiple factors: biological, psychological, social factors. Usually it is an interplay between these factors. Sometimes the combination of these factors that leads to postpartum depression. So, the hormonal changes that occur during and after pregnancy, the sleep deprivation, the emotional and physical stress of childbirth, the added responsibility of the child and poor social and family support can lead to postpartum depression. So, how do we treat postpartum depression? In mild cases, like psychotherapy like counseling helps but modern to severe cases the anti-depressants are the main stay of treatment. In postpartum psychosis. Antipsychotic medication is also prescribed. In severe cases, electroconvulsive therapy is also recommended.

Psychotherapy can be combining with the biological therapy. Mainly cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy helps. Counseling and peer support group are also recommended. So, these were the some of the basic questions that I tried to answer about postpartum depression.

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Know More About Depression
Hello everyone!

I am Dr Omkar Mate consultant neuropsychiatrist practicing at Midas Clinic Nerul. I am going to talk today about depression and anxiety, which are common psychological disorders seen today.

Depression and anxiety are the most common disorders, let us talk first about depression, 8 out of 10 females and 4 out of 10 males suffer from an episode of depression in their lifetime. Indian studies till date show that around 4.5 crore people have suffered from an episode of depression till year 2015. There are some myths commonly seen with depression, let us see what they are. The first myth is people feel that low willpower causes depression, now the truth is depression is a multi-factorial illness. It may be due to stressful life situations like a break up or somebody passing away and it may be because of illnesses, like hypertension, diabetes, arthritis, tuberculosis or other chronic illnesses, but all these things are nothing but triggers. What happens actually in a person's brain is certain neurochemicals reduce that means serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain of a depressed person are low and that is why he gets stuck in thinking which we call as ideas of hopelessness, helplessness and worthlessness. Another myth seen in depression, about depression is that only adult suffer from depression, the truth is people from all age group suffer from depression. 1 out of 100 children and 1 out of 10 females suffer from depression after pregnancy, even older age group people suffer from depression. Another myth is you have to take depression medicines for life and also these medicines are addicted. The truth about this is that medicines for a depression increase the levels of Neurotransmitters like serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain this helps a depressed person to think positively. However, if you suddenly stop medicines for depression for some days you may have disturbed sleep and also the episode of depression can recur, this makes people believe that depression pills are addictive. But tell me even medicines for diabetes and hypertension, if a person suddenly quits them the blood sugar levels are the blood pressure of a person may rise does that means that these medicines are addictive, the answer is no. Similarly depression medicines are not addictive and if a person reaches a psychiatrist earlier, early then these medicines can be stopped after complete treatment. Depression is one of the few psychiatric disorders which can be cured completely. Now let's look at some symptoms of depression feeling low, forgetfulness, impaired concentration, having no interest or less interest in pleasurable activities, like watching movies, reading books, listening to music, being angry all the time or getting irritated at small things, decrease sexual drive, disturbed sleep, waking up at night, feeling that death is better than life, these are some of the symptoms of depression. If anybody suffers from 4 or 5 of these symptoms for a period of more than two weeks then that person should immediately seek help from a psychiatrist or a counsellor and get yourself checked for depression. Let us fight the stigma against depression, create awareness.

If you have any further queries about depression you can contact me through Lybrate. Thank you.
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A Psychiatric Disorder: Depression
How to Cope with Depression?
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