Breast lump is a sudden and abrupt inflammation of a part of the breast, which is caused due to abnormal growth of the breast tissue beyond their normal limit. A breast lump is more commonly found among women than men and it can be easily diagnosed at home by mere physical inspection if a person is familiar with their breasts. The most common symptoms are a persistent lump that remains for a prolonged period of time, a small breast that lump grows or intensifies with time and any skin changes on the breasts or nipples.
HOW IS BREAST LUMPS DIAGNOSED?
Most people believe that having a breast lump is a probable sign of breast cancer, whereas speaking statistically 8 out of 10 lumps are non cancerous in nature.
Breast lumps, once you hear that word, you will have a slight fear. The fear is because of the word cancer. But all breast lumps need not be cancerous. There are various types of breast lumps that develop in women.
• Fibroadenoma is a painful lumps in breast that occurs in women aged below 30 years. The lump moves around the breast easily.
• Fibroadenosis is a condition when there are breast cysts. This type of condition is accompanied by breast pain, increase in breast size and lumpiness during menstruation.
• Fibrocystic Breast when there are fluid filled lumps in breasts or cysts that commonly noticed in women between the age of 30 and 60.
• When there is a painful collection of pus under the breast skin, then it is called breast abscess.
• Mastitis is a condition when the breast becomes inflamed and painful.
• Fat necrosis happens after trauma or surgery and the breasts have hard irregular lumps.
• Fat deposits cause lipoma which look like breast lumps.
• When milk ducts develop wart like growths then it is called intra ductal papilloma.
There are some common myths associated with breast lumps. Women need to be aware and bust these myths about breast lumps.
Many women are of the opinion that breast lumps are always cancerous. But you should be aware that many a time younger women develop breast lumps that come and go with the menstrual cycles. Some women have a lot of tissue in the breast and hence they look like lumps. They cannot be considered as breast lumps, as it is a biological nature to have a lot of breast mass.
Women of any age can develop breast lumps, even breastfeeding mothers can develop breast lumps. They need to be thoroughly checked by the general practitioner or gynaecologist to understand the nature of the lumps. Some women feel that they cannot develop breast cancer if they do not have a close family member with breast cancer. This is very untrue, as women with no family history of breast cancer may also develop breast lumps and breast cancer.
Breast lumps become a serious medical condition only if they develop into breast cancer. Breast lumps which are well defined and remain firm, even after the menstruation and do not move around are signs of breast cancer. These symptoms can be accompanied by nipple discharge, dimpling of skin on the breasts, and change in the appearance of nipples. All these symptoms should be taken seriously and medical intervention is surely required. Women above the age of 50 should be aware of all the changes in their breasts and do a regular mammogram to look for any breast cancer symptoms.
Awareness is the first step towards identification of breast cancer. Any women old or young should be aware of all the types of breast lumps and cancers. They should do a regular self check of their breasts and if they notice any irregular growth, lumps or even discharge, they should contact their gynaecologist.
If you are not aware of any gynaecologist in your city, then Lybrate is here to help you. You can check the list of gynaecologists in your city who can treat breast lumps and breast cancer. Feel free to get expert medical advice from experts in their field and stop any lump from developing into cancer. Lybrate offers you to consult the top doctors in Delhi, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Gurgaon, Indore etc.