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No Time To Drink Water - Did You Know It Can Increase Your Risk Of Kidney Stones?

Dr. Anupam Kumar Sharma 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Ghaziabad  •  23 years experience
No Time To Drink Water - Did You Know It Can Increase Your Risk Of Kidney Stones?

A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral development, which forms within the kidney or the urinary tract. It is called nephrolithiasis in medical terms. Kidney stones occur due to the decrease in urine volume or due to an excess of substances in the urine which are stone-forming in nature. Dehydration is considered to be a primary risk factor for kidney stones too.

Causes of kidney stones:Kidney stones develop when the urine contains increased amounts of crystal forming substances. They include calcium, oxalate and uric acid in amounts which the fluid in the urine cannot dilute. Your urine may also lack the substances which help in prevention of crystals from sticking to each other, thereby enhancing the conditions for kidney stones to form.

The balance of your urine can change due to several factors:

  1. Not drinking sufficient amount of water makes the salts, minerals and other substances present in the urine to stick together, which may lead to the formation of a stone.
  2. The normal urine balance may get disrupted due to several health conditions, which lead to kidney stone formation. Diseases such as gout or certain inflammatory bowel diseases can also cause kidney stones.
  3. Many cases of kidney stones are hereditary and run in families, affecting family members over many generations.
  4. A rare cause of kidney stone formation is the overproduction of hormones by the parathyroid glands, which results in increased levels of calcium leading to calcium kidney stones.

Types of kidney stones
Kidney stones are of different types, which occur due to several, different causes. They are as follows:

  1. Calcium stones: Calcium stones account for being the most common form of kidney stones. They occur due to excessive calcium in the urine. This may happen due to an inherited condition known as hypercalciuria, the overreaction of the parathyroid gland, kidney diseases, several cancers or from a condition known as sarcoidosis. The stones may be large and smooth or rough and spiky.
  2. Struvite stones: These stones are caused due to infections. And they usually occur after a urinary tract infection. This form of kidney stone is more common in women though.
  3. Uric acid stones: These stones occur due to large amounts of uric acid in the urine. It may occur from having a high protein diet, from a health condition called gout or from a hereditary condition where the amount of uric acid in urine increases.
  4. Cystine stones: These are rare kidney stones and occur due to a hereditary health condition known as cystinuria.

Kidney stones occur due to the change in balance of water, salts and minerals, which are present in the urine. Insufficient water consumption is often the most common cause of kidney stones. So make sure you drink lots of water to keep stone formation at bay.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!


2166 people found this helpful

How Can You Handle Examination Anxiety?

Dr. Rakhi Anand 91% (184 ratings)
PhD - Clinical Psychology, Diploma in Clinical and Community Psychology, MA - Clinical Psychology, BA - Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi  •  27 years experience
How Can You Handle Examination Anxiety?

The exam season has arrived. Students can be seen immersed in their books and notes. Excitement is in the air and so is anxiety. While the former is a good thing to see, the latter raises concerns in the minds of parents and teachers but the fact is that anxiety before exams is a normal thing. The pressure to perform will make students experience nervousness, which is alright, but only if it is up to a limit. If it reaches an unhealthy level, it needs to be managed. If a student experiences the following symptoms before exams, then the anxiety is unhealthy and it is time for a session with a psychologist.

  1. Excessive sweating
  2. Fast heartbeat
  3. Nausea
  4. Headache
  5. Diarrhea
  6. Difficulty in breathing
  7. Lightheadedness
  8. Dizziness
  9. Dry mouth
  10. Gastrointestinal discomfort

These symptoms are an indication of the student being in the grip of panic and fear. Nevertheless, it can be managed and controlled with the following tips.

  • Exercise regularly: Getting involved in physical activity before an exam seems like a waste of time to many but it is necessary to avoid tension and stay healthy. So, if sports cannot be indulged into, one should go for exercises such as stretching and aerobics as they relax the tensed muscles and keep fatigue at bay.
  • Eat green vegetables and light food: Eating healthy is also important during exam preparation. If one skips meals or takes recourse to fast foods, it makes anxiety worse. In fact, junk food makes one drowsy. On the other hand, fruits and vegetables are light and easy to digest. They also provide complete nutrition and ensure the sustained release of energy during the study sessions.
  • Sleep well: Many students compromise on sleep thinking it would help in studies but lack of sleep leads to poor focus and concentration which further affects the studies. It also makes one irritable and drowsy. So, one should make sure that one is getting 6 hours of sleep every day.

Exam anxiety is not an uncommon phenomenon. In fact, it is said that a small amount of anxiety is a good thing as it motivates one to perform better. It leads to nervous energy which keeps one alert but the moment it gets out of hand, it is a cause for concern. So, one must seek help if one is experiencing the anxiety symptoms and follow the above-mentioned tips. It will surely help a student.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

593 people found this helpful

Reasons Why Is It Important To Curb Sugar From Diet!

M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Jaipur  •  10 years experience
Reasons Why Is It Important To Curb Sugar From Diet!

Simple sugar is also known as monosaccharide, is the basic unit of carbohydrates. The simplest forms of sugar are usually colourless and crystalline and exist in forms of glucose, fructose and galactose. Simple sugar is deemed to be a major concern according to all health nutritionists.

Here are five reasons why you should avoid them:

  1. Sugar is the biggest cause of obesity: Sugar present in all kinds of junk food is considered to be the biggest cause of obesity as fructose easily converts into fat inside your body. Consuming too much sugar can put too much pressure on your liver as it is responsible for converting fructose into fat. Large amounts of sugar are directly converted into fat, thus, putting you at a very high risk of becoming obese.
  2. Increases risks of contracting heart diseases: Consuming too much sugar throughout the day causes a hike in your insulin levels which can further affect your nervous system. An excess of sugar in your blood stream also causes your blood pressure to rise which makes you more likely to get a heart stroke. Thus, to avoid cardiac problems at a young age, you must cut down your sugar intake.
  3. Weakens immune system: Sugar is a major reason for inflammation which affects the central immune system adversely. With an excess intake of sugar, the body becomes less effective in dealing with infection and common cold because phagocytes (white blood cells) cannot do their job properly of engulfing dangerous bacteria. Thus, you should aim at boosting your immune system by cutting down on sugar completely.

  1. Sugar can make you age faster: The sugar content in your body creates molecules known as AGEs (Advanced glycation end products) which attack the fibres in elastin and collagen (the building blocks of the cells on your skin). A study also proved that consuming too much sugar can result in acne as the collagen in your skin weakens. Thus, to maintain youthful looking skin for longer, you should remove sugar from your diet completely.
  2. Sugar can be addictive: Most people who consume too much sugar get addicted to it. According to a study, the addiction to sugar is very similar to addiction to tobacco and drugs. You might start craving sugar and depending on it to change your mood more often than required.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

669 people found this helpful

Uterine Fibroids - Are They Always Cancerous?

MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Pune  •  13 years experience
Uterine Fibroids - Are They Always Cancerous?
Uterine fibroids are always cancerous- True or False? Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz
231 people took this quiz

Hi Sir, flotral 10gm taken every day any sexual problem facing like decrease sexual strength.

M.D. Consultant Pathologist, CCEBDM Diabetes, PGDS Sexology USA, CCMTD Thyroid, ACDMC Heart Disease, CCMH Hypertension, ECG
Sexologist, Sri Ganganagar  •  37 years experience
Hi Sir, flotral 10gm taken every day any sexual problem facing like decrease sexual strength.
Practice kegel exercise regulalry, start and stop technique, squeeze method and avoid drinking alcohol, smoking habits if any. Also drink plenty of water daily to detoxify body and eat more of salads and fruits.
1 person found this helpful
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Hello Doctor, I m 23 years old .I am in a relationship with my bf for past 3 yrs. Nowadays I am doubting my bf for most cases even though he is genuine in his character .I often get doubt whether he is speaking with some other girls instead of me. I don't know whether it's natural for all girls. I even think a lot about him .moreover I am so confused. please advise me doctor. I don't know why I am over thinking about everything .I am imagination everything like it would have happened. More certainly I am into his shoes. Please advise me doctor. How to overcome this situation. He is my life. we truly love each other. I don't know why I am doubting even though he is perfect. In his past life he loved a girl due to some misunderstanding they were mutually breakup. After 1 year I came into his life. I don't know that he had first love before. Once I came to know about his past relationship by his friends. I was quite sad. lateran he starts to roam with her EX-GF even after breakup. But he said he had changed everything for me but still I feared of losing him in my life. Please guide me how to overcome.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore  •  47 years experience
If the doubt and suspicion is unfounded then it is clearly your problem. There is some insecurity in you to make to even think that he is your life. That itself could create a lot of insecurity because you will become too dependent for his approval and control. It is also foolish to completely trust someone even if he promises fidelity. But without harassing him you can keep tabs on his behaviour at a normal level and when 'anything' happens you must discuss it and see how he responds. If you can't trust someone in a relationship, then it will not workout. So have faith but with some moderation too.
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My tuberculosis lymphadenitis burst and open. Pus is draining from it. The wound becomes open. Currently I am not taking any medicine my ATT completed 2 months ago. The wound of lymphadenitis in neck is clearly exposes to environment so what should I do?

MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad  •  42 years experience
Get dressing of wound and get pus examination for afb, xenexpert MTB, and pus culture for afb. May need retreatment with test reports.
1 person found this helpful
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I have cavity since 4 Months. So, is it possible to have a cancer from this cavity? Am I eligible for Root Canal Treatment after 4 months of symptoms found? Please do give some treatment advice.

Dentist, Raipur  •  10 years experience
I have cavity since 4 Months. So, is it possible to have a cancer from this cavity? Am I eligible for Root Canal Trea...
It won't lead to cancer. Don't worry As far as having root canal treatment is done then if you have pain then kindly get an X-ray done of the tooth having cavity may be you will have to get root canal treatment done followed by a crown/cap. Otherwise get the caries removed and get the cavity filled with a tooth coloured restoration. Brush your teeth twice daily using correct brushing technique to maintain your oral hygiene.
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Dos And Don'ts In The Event Of A Heart Attack

Cardiologist, Ghaziabad  •  16 years experience
Dos And Don'ts In The Event Of A Heart Attack

A possible symptom of heart attack may be severe chest pain

Severe chest pain and a​ combination of the following symptoms can mean a person is having an acute heart attack. Severe chest pain is often described by patients as the worst pain of their lives, and is likened to something very heavy pressing on the chest.

Symptoms of a heart attack:

  • Possible symptoms of a heart attack ​​include the following:
  • Pain that appears to spread up to the neck or down to the left arm
  • Breathlessness
  • Sweating
  • Feeling faint and/or nausea
  • Risk factors of heart attack
  • A history of heart problems

The patient is:

  • Elderly
  • Smokes

The patient suffers from:

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol

Dos and don'ts in the event of a heart attack:

  • Call for an ambulance.
  • Paramedics should be trained to stabilise the patient’s condition with medication, and the ambulance be equipped with a defibrillator to resuscitate the patient should the heart stop en route.
  • Get ready the patient’s personal effects such as personal identification, medical insurance and other documents for admission.
  • Have the patient seated in a location where he can be transferred easily to a stretcher.
  • Let the paramedics know about any drug allergies or past medical history


  • Drive or take public transport to the hospital, even if the patient lives nearby. As the patient’s condition may deteriorate en route, it is safer to wait for an ambulance. Also, ambulances also get priority on arriving at a&e.
  • Ignore the pain. Get anxious about time wasted when the paramedics perform an on-site ecg.
4 people found this helpful

Hair pulling ki wajah se meri sir ke baal sab nikal gaye hai baldness aa gaya hai koi medicine oil hai jo fast hair regrowth kar sake.

BHMS,PGDPC At Motiwala Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital Nashik, PGDPC
Homeopath, Nashik  •  1 year experience
Hair pulling ki wajah se meri sir ke baal sab nikal gaye hai baldness aa gaya hai koi medicine oil hai jo fast hair r...
Take homeopathic medicine for best results. 1) Silicea 200. 4pills.3 times a day for 30 days 2) Use Jaborandi plus Hair oil see the results and contact me for follow up. Thanks.
5 people found this helpful
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I have been suffering from malabsorption of stomach for 4 months and losing my weight. Please help.

Homeopath, Ahmedabad  •  8 years experience
I have been suffering from malabsorption of stomach for 4 months and losing my weight. Please help.
Every disease has root in disturbed state of mind, so we must understand his state of mind with his disease then we can give him best cure from within. He will have good health at mind and physical level also. He will have peaceful ,positive stressfree mind, simultaneously his whole body gets normal function and structures, which is natural recovery.
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I want to increase my height and reduce my belly fat. Which exercise and diet should I follow?

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai  •  13 years experience
I want to increase my height and reduce my belly fat. Which exercise and diet should I follow?
You need to take high fiber low fat diet followed by detox diet. Drink lot of water everyday. Take small and frequent meals at regular intervals of 2-3 hrs. Avoid outside food completely. Ask me privately for customized diet plan for you.
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The date of period was 12 June but it is not started till now. What should I do. I don't want pregnancy. Pls reply.

Homeopath, ASANSOL  •  7 years experience
The date of period was 12 June but it is not started till now. What should I do. I don't want pregnancy. Pls reply.
First check if it is pregnancy or not. With a pregnancy kit available in market. There are many reasons for delayed periods.
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Avoiding Penis Odor After Sex

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi  •  17 years experience
Avoiding Penis Odor After Sex

Avoiding Penis Odor After Sex

Not surprisingly, men often take steps to eliminate or minimize unpleasant penis odor before going on a date or into a situation in which sex is a distinct possibility. After all, when unveiling his equipment, a man wants to be greeted with gasps of surprise and pleasure, rather than someone gasping for fresh air. Following good penis health and hygiene guidelines helps control penis odor before sex, but men need to remember that they need to take steps afterward as well.

With that in mind, the following tips are recommended for avoiding rank penis odor after sex.

Wash up beforehand. In most cases, by the time a couple moves into the bedroom, several hours will have passed since the penis was last washed and/or aired out. A guy knows that getting into sex is going to increase the likelihood of penis odor; after all, not only is there going to be a lot of sweating going on in the heat of the sexual moment, but the tightness of the vagina and the friction of the sexual activity is going to create more opportunity for sweat. And, while this may be a bit ungallant, the fact is that the vagina itself does not always carry an aroma of roses - and that odor is going to get transferred to the penis.

So the name of the game is to go into the sex act with as little pre-existing penis odor as possible. With that in mind, if possible, take a quick trip to the bathroom and give the penis a final rinsing before commencing with the sex.

Wear a condom. Clearly in any casual sex engagement, a man needs to be wearing a condom for protection against disease and to reduce the risk of an unwanted pregnancy. But donning a condom also helps protect against penis odor. It will not eliminate it entirely, but the condom will retain a great deal of the scents generated during sex which otherwise would have lingered on the penis skin.

Consider a trim. Although there is no scientific basis for this, anecdotal evidence suggests that a clean-shaven penis and groin retains less odor than a hairy one. This is logical, as thick hair in the area catch and hold fluids which then dry and create an odor. When the area is clean-shaven, the fluids dry directly on the skin, making them easier to access and to wipe away. Speaking of which...

Clean up afterward. This is one of the most important things a man can do to help decrease post-sex penis odor. All too often, a man feels relaxed and satisfied after sex, and before long that sense of contentment leads him to fall asleep. Even men who are instead invigorated by sex often neglect a wash-up after sex, and prefer to luxuriate in the experience. But guys do need to do a good cleaning; they don't need to pop out of bed as soon as the deed is done, but within a reasonable amount of time, a little soap, water and drying is needed to keep things scent-free.

Use an appropriate creme. Men seeking to avoid penis odor after sex unfortunately often forget this crucial step: regularly using a superior penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). There are many cremes out there, but the one that is needed will list vitamin A among its ingredients. Also called retinol, vitamin A is valuable because it has anti-bacterial properties that can fight and destroy the bacteria which help bring about rank penis odor. The best crème will also contain a powerful antioxidant, such as alpha lipoic acid. By battling excess free radicals, alpha lipoic acid helps strengthen delicate penis skin, making it better able to withstand intense washing to fight odors.

5 people found this helpful