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Salt - 7 Things You Must Know About It!

MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi  •  33 years experience
Salt - 7 Things You Must Know About It!

Salt or more specifically Sodium plays a crucial role in BP management. Too high salt/Sodium ingestion can cause high BP while too low salt/sodium levels can cause low BP. So it is important to maintain an optimum salt intake. Studies have shown that a reduction in the amount of sodium consumed through the diet leads to a noticeable decrease of blood pressure and therefore, it is important to keep salt intake as low as possible. Salt intake is not same as Sodium intake. Salt is Sodium Chloride and is just one of the forms in which human beings consume Sodium. Here are some tips--

  1. Recommended Salt/ Sodium intake - Adults should consume <5gms of salt in a day (appx 1 teaspoon salt)/ Or <2.3 gms of sodium daily. Ideal Sodium intake should be <1.5 gms daily. 
  2. To decrease salt/sodium, AVOID processed foods like Chips, nachos, popcorns, namkeens like bhujiya, salted peanuts etc, pickles, papads, chutneys, sauces like tomato and soya sauce, ready-to-eat meals, junk and fried food like burgers, french fries, cured hams or bacon or salami, packed salty drinks like juices or buttermilk, hot chocolate etc. 
  3. Avoid adding salt from over the top in your salads, soups, curds and vegetables. 
  4. DO NOT Absolutely remove salt from your diet. Hence, Salt used while cooking the food at home is fine, but once the food is cooked do not add extra salt/chaat masala in the cooked food. 
  5. Teach healthy eating habits to your children by encouraging them to eat fruits, vegetables, drinking fresh food and home cooked meals rather than junk food. 
  6. If you are heart failure patient or kidney disease patient discuss with your Cardiologist or Nephrologist about the optimum recommended salt intake specified for you. 
  7. It is difficult to get used to low salt in terms of taste when you are used to salty taste, but it is possible. But the health benefits of controlling salt in diet can play a major role in BP reduction thus preventing the need for medicines, hence it can be worthwhile to get used to low salt taste.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

791 people found this helpful

5 Tips To Recover From Emotional Pain!

Dr. Vishal P Gor 94% (702 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Psychiatric Medicine
Psychiatrist, Ahmedabad  •  4 years experience
5 Tips To Recover From Emotional Pain!

While we all wish to avoid emotional distress due to the sense of loss and fear attached to it, we invariably become a victim of such pain at some point in time in our lives. Here the irony is that the more we want to escape pain, the nearer it comes to us, and the more intense its effects get.

There is hardly an individual around the globe who have not gone through ups and downs, but it doesn't signify that there is something wrong in the life we lead. It only manifests that we are human beings who can withstand the wrongs and hope for a better tomorrow.

Here are some coping strategies when you are down with mental agony.

  1. Face the odds: When you are suffering from emotional turmoil, all the negative feelings right from anger to frustration to distress are what comprise you. You should surrender to what is taking a toll on you and accept it in a way as if you have chosen it.
  2. Give yourself some time: You will need some time to drive yourself out of the darkness and accept the presence of your emotional pain. Time can help you rest, heal and recover completely from the grasp of the pain and suffering. You should be gentle with yourself throughout the process and have a faith that everything happens the way it is meant to happen.
  3. Observe your pain and suffering: When you are down with emotional pain, you should suffer, but consciously. You must observe your anguish, sadness, and stream of negative thoughts. The terrible feelings that feed your pain should be considered objectively. You should never allow the pain to become a part of who you are.
  4. Accept pain and let go: No one in the world wants to stay amidst pain and suffering. Everybody tries to do away with it, and in an attempt of running away from pain, we invariably fall into its trap. There are situations in which pain demands to be felt, and thus you should understand it and find out the reason behind it. This way you will be able to help it go away.
  5. Spend a lot of time with yourself: When you love somebody, you tend to spend a lot of time with that person. During spans of pain, you are the one who needs to be by your side and therefore, you should give yourself quality time and help the pain to mitigate instead of becoming emotionally dependent on someone else. You can indulge in any activity that you enjoy from painting to walking to swimming to trekking. It could be anything but make sure it helps you breathe free.

Pain always comes with a message. Once you get to decipher this message, it becomes easier to find out coping strategies and ways to mitigate the pain while the pain eventually subsides.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

499 people found this helpful

Social Support: How It Can Help To Cope with Depression?

Dr. Ajay Nihalani 88% (105 ratings)
Member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, United Kingdom (MRC Psych), MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Ghaziabad  •  21 years experience
Social Support: How It Can Help To Cope with Depression?

Depression is more than just feeling low or down. It is a serious illness that is caused by various changes in the brain chemistry. There are a lot of factors that cause depression, which range from genetics to change in hormone level, stress, grief, medical conditions and other life circumstances. All these can lead to depression and that is something which does not go away on its own. However, there are a few efficient ways through which patients can deal with depression. These are as follows:

  1. Exercise: Taking a brisk walk for fifteen to twenty minutes every day can be very healthy, not only for your body,  but also for your mental health as well. Dancing, jogging, cycling and yoga are alternatives as well. Although, people who are depressed might not feel like doing any of those things, but one should try to do them anyway. Once a person gets into the exercising routine, they will start noticing the change in their mood. Deep breathing, yoga exercises and meditation can also help people feel better and less depressed.
  2. Anti-depressants: Three brain chemicals that are responsible for handling your mood are norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine. During depression, the brain circuits that make use of these chemicals stop working properly. In this case, antidepressants can be very useful. These tweak the chemicals that run through the brain and help improve your overall mood.
  3. PsychotherapyIt is a method through which therapists find out a person’s everyday stressors. This therapy is a powerful treatment for depression. Combining psychotherapy with medications can be even better and more effective. This also makes the symptoms easier to take. When a person talks about his feelings and problems with a stranger, it can help him or her release certain amount of stress.
  4. Social support: Talking to a friend or attending group therapies has proven to be beneficial. However, it is important that the person you talk to is someone who you will feel comfortable around. Therefore, it could be someone you know or someone who empathises with you. This is possible either with your close ones or group therapies where the people you talk with, have been going through the same problem you have.
  5. Meditation: Calmness and meditation can help you channelize your positive energy and thoughts over the negative ones. It can help a person see new perspective, develop forgiveness and compassion. Much like exercise, meditating briefly can help you gain immediate effects. It helps a person get over depression. This happens over time. One might not be successful in releasing their stress at once. It is a process that takes time.

The treatment that you get for your depression will depend on the kind of depression that you have. Some might get psychotherapy while others might get antidepressants or for some, exercise could be enough.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

465 people found this helpful

5 Myths About Depression Busted!

M.B.B.S, D.P.M, M.A (Clinical Psychology)
Psychiatrist, Nagpur  •  6 years experience
5 Myths About Depression Busted!
Depression can be cured only using anti-depressant pills. True or False. Take this quiz to know!
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6656 people took this quiz

Will adpkd patient will surely face chronic kidney disease and will need dialysis after 50 years age? They can never live a normal life long life?

DM - Nephrology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Medicine
Nephrologist, Gurgaon  •  14 years experience
Hi Lybrate user. It depends on the type of Adpkd that an individual has. There are 2 types of ADPKD 1 and 2 depending on the type of genetic mutation. One is more severe than 2 with mean age to reaching dialysis is 55 years vs 65 yr. It is usually predicted by the severity in the family members, the kidney size, other conditions like BP and diabetes. Provided the risk factors are controlled well, a majority can lead a good and normal life.
5 people found this helpful
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How to increase sex frequency or sex drive and also ways to increase the ejaculated volume of men?

MD-Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Haldwani  •  10 years experience
How to increase sex frequency or sex drive and also ways to increase the ejaculated volume of men?
Hello, Improve your overall health to have a sound sexual life. Follow three golden rules, Eat correct, don't miss 10-2 sleep, and exercise in morning hours. You will see changes in your sexual performance and will improve your ejaculation volume.
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My hair is getting thin day by day I already had a hair transplant done in December 2013 but even after that remaining hair are getting thin and again baldness is around the corner Please what I can do to get my hair thicker so that I can maintain the look I do have Thanks.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai  •  19 years experience
My hair is getting thin day by day I already had a hair transplant done in December 2013 but even after that remainin...
Use mx lotion twice daily, along with the following medicine. Contact me or send photos on direct private online consultation for proper diagnosis and treatment. You are suffering from hormonal changes causing Androgenetic alopecia causing hair fall. It's completely stoppable even regrowth of hair is possible with certain medications without any side effects. Treatment depends on the grade of hair loss. So, it's a must for diagnosing which grade, you are in for an effective treatment. Please meet me in my clinic or do direct personal online consultation by sending photos for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.
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I feel fatigue all the time and very low energy. Excessive daytime sleep is biggest problem now days. After taking 8-9 hour sleep, I feel completely exhausted till lunch. Sometimes feels nervousness without any reason. This started after heavy drinking alcohol and weed for 3-4 months. Now not taking any alcohol or drugs since last 4-5 months. I am not having any kind of tension or stress in my life. Please help and tell what could be the matter. thank you!

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore  •  47 years experience
I feel fatigue all the time and very low energy. Excessive daytime sleep is biggest problem now days. After taking 8-...
It sounds like you are getting into depression and anxiety. The consumption of weed and alcohol must have had an impact but not by itself: I suspect that it may have triggered a predisposition. Check in your family history if there are any cases of depression and related disorders. Weed can have affect much later too. So meet with a counselor and work on yoru emotions and if that person says for you to meet with a doctor, kindly do so and cooperate with both to the utmost.
17 people found this helpful
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Difference Between Mental Problem And Mental Illness

Ph.D - Psychology, M.Phil - Psychology
Psychologist, Mathura  •  33 years experience
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Difference between mental problem and mental illness.

1 person found this helpful

Hi, As I have MVP mitral valve prolapse ,rheumatic arthritis and migraine. Can I do physical outdoor activities for getting placed in defence or cops job?

Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Ayurveda, kanpur  •  14 years experience
Hi, As I have MVP mitral valve prolapse ,rheumatic arthritis and migraine. Can I do physical outdoor activities for g...
vrihad vat chintamani ras 125 mg twice a day malla sindoor 125 mg twice a day vatari avleh 10 gm twice a day khameera marwareed with gold and pearl
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Hi Ian Anandh Vinayagam age 25 my weight is 140 I want to reduce my weight. So Ian want some diet chart according to my metabolic.

BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi  •  37 years experience
Hi Ian Anandh Vinayagam age 25 my weight is 140
I want to reduce my weight. So Ian want some diet chart according to ...
It can be advised only after ascertaining the causes of your problems after consultation and some tests.
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Sir meri age 21 years old h maine 16 17 years me masturbation kiya tha phr maine masturbation krna band kr dia uske bad mujhe dhat rog swapnadosh shigrapatan aur erectile dyfunction jaise gupt rog ho gye h sir maine meri gf ke sth kai bar sex krne ki kosis ki pr sir me kar nh paya sir kisi bh ladki se bt krta hun to penis se semen aa jata h sir body me bahut weakness rehti h sir body bahut kamjor ho gai h sir me bahut jagah se treatment le chuka hun bt koi aaram nh mila mujhe abhi tk ppzzz sir agr apke pass koi tratment ho to bataye ap mujhee plzź.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Psychiatric Medicine
Psychiatrist, Ahmedabad  •  4 years experience
Sir meri age 21 years old h maine 16 17 years me masturbation kiya tha phr maine masturbation krna band kr dia uske b...
Semen production goes on in the testis for 24 hours and gets stored in seminal vesicles. Now imagine seminal vesicles as a water tank. 24 hours production at some time, will make tank full. Its storage capacity runs out. Now overflowing mechanisms take place like night falls and seminal discharge in urine. To avoid this you need to have sex or masturbate regularly.
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Dear doctor, 13 year old girl hight 5.4 feet weight 70 kg. Normal menstrual cycle has facing some skin problems like her complexion getting dull day by day and she has vey black skin around the neck, armpits, inner thighs and on elbows. She is not taking any kind of medicines. I just want to know the reasons behind this black dull skin and can it be cured it self by the time and after loosing some weight. Pls guide in details. Thanks in advance.

MBBS, Diploma in Dermatology, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Ghaziabad  •  11 years experience
Dear doctor, 13 year old girl hight 5.4 feet weight 70 kg. Normal menstrual cycle has facing some skin problems like ...
When weight increases it leads to certain hormonal changes in the body. These are responsible for causing alteration in menstrual cycle, skin and hair changes etc. Losing weight will prevent further progression of skin changes but the pigmentation will not resolve on its own. Consult a dermatologist near you who can guide you with what all investigations are required at present and how to approach further.
1 person found this helpful
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Intimacy Among The Senior Couples

MS Human Sexuality, M.Phil Clinical Psychology, PhD (Behaviour Modification), Certified In Treatment of Resistant Depression
Sexologist, Hyderabad  •  12 years experience
Intimacy Among The Senior Couples

The general perception and prejudices of an ‘asexual’ old age, of sex in older people being disgusting, or simply funny. Research suggests, that many older people enjoy an active sex life although they may face several problems. If doctors do not accept that older people may enjoy sex, then it is unlikely that sexual problems will be effectively explored, diagnosed and treated. This article aims to  dispel the myth of a totally ‘asexual’ old age

Available research suggests that increasing age is associated with a decreased interest in sex. A survey showed that older respondents had less interest in sex, with 98% of 50–59 year olds giving it at least ‘some importance’ compared with 72% of 70–80 year olds. It is interesting, however, that the centenarians did report greater satisfaction with life and family relationships than the younger age groups. A large study using face-to-face interviews showed 59% of 75–85 year olds still attributed some importance to sex.

In general, the responses showed that those aged >70 placed less importance on sex than the younger participants.There are also gender differences, with the greatest difference being in the older age groups 41.2% of males aged 75–85 stated an interest in sex compared with 11.4% of females the same age, the men nearly always initiated the sexual interactions rather than the women. interest in sex among older men has increased over the last 10 years possibly due to the effective and well-publicised drugs for erectile dysfunction (ED) starting with Viagra in 1998.

Looking  at sexual function across four domains (desire, erection, orgasm and ejaculatory functions) and found a decrease in all with increasing age. However, even among the oldest men (aged 70–80), 46% reported orgasm at least monthly.

What causes the decrease in sexual interest and function in older adults?

  • General physical health
  • Psychological causes
  • Male sexual dysfunction 
  • Female sexual dysfunction 
  • Practical problems such as loss of partner 
  • Delay in seeking help from Sexologist due to embarrassment 

Educating old age patients is an important task. This includes educating about ‘lifestyle factors’ (e.g. smoking, obesity, diabetic control) which can affect sexual functioning—using the concept of remaining sexually active life years may assist patients in making healthier choices. Patients should also be educated about the changes they can expect in sexual functioning as they age, and the options available to help them. Sexologist also need to be educated to increase awareness of sexuality in older age and improve communication skills. A multidisciplinary approach when possible should be used.

Finally words are that senior citizens are also sexual and not asexual due to the above problems and aging factors there is a decline in interest which is natural however minimal interest is definitely there and sexologist can educate and treat any dysfunction that they might be having unless it’s due to another disorder like cancer, or enlarged prostrate, high diabetes, etc.

2 people found this helpful