What are mood swings?
Mood swings can be defined as the very rapidly occurring changes in the mood patterns of an individual. These are usually associated with some psychological disorder in the individual such as the major depressive disorder, bipolar mood disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, etc.
Causes of mood swings
Different mental health conditions can lead to the occurrence of mood swings called as mood disorders. Some of them are described below:
Signs and symptoms
Mood swings are themselves a symptom of some mental health condition. Mood swings are not as such symptomatic, but one should take care that it is very reasonable to experience mood swings sometimes as all of us go through different phases of life and emotions changes likewise. But when life gets damaged due to an increase in the severity of mood swings, then consultation with your medical health professional is recommended.
Treatment of mood swings
One should consult a homeopathic doctor in case a person experiences mood swings more often. Sometimes, medication is given to those when the socio-occupational functioning of an individual becomes hampered.
One can use specific ways to tackle their mood swings such as by forming a schedule related to eating and sleeping, regular exercises, relaxation techniques such as deep breathing and meditation, talking to people regarding conflicts to resolve them.
Other than this homeopathy offers great assistance in treating mood swings faced by a person. A number of homeopathic remedies can help in treating the root cause of mood swings by restoring the hormonal balance in the body. The composition of homeopathic dosage varies from person to person, thus self medication should not be tried.
Diagnosis of mood swings
The mental status examination is done to ensure that the person is suffering from a mental health condition. The person is considered to be suffering from any mental health condition only if it affects the socio-occupational functioning of an individual.
There are specific food products which should be avoided in a mood swing, but one should keep a record of the triggering food substances which lead to the increase in the occurrence of mood changes and hence should be avoided. Also, it is recommended to eat correctly, take all the meals in a day to keep you healthy.
Sometimes everything around you seems to be all blue. Depression can make you feel like you are drowning deep into sadness while everyone else is out on the surface, breathing the air of happiness. It becomes extremely difficult for you to get along with everything going on around you. Depression can wreck you and squeeze every ounce of happiness out of you. But it is extremely important for you to able to deal with it and start living a normal happy life again. It is extremely important for you to get a grip of your depression so that you can move on from it.
Here are a few tips on how you can handle it:
1. Believe you are not lonely: It is very easy to think that you are all alone in the pit of depression when you are depressed. But you have to remember that you are not lonely. What usually happens is you isolate yourself thinking that it will be extremely stressful if you have to share your depression with anyone else. You have to get rid of the feeling that apart from you, everyone else is extremely happy; because that is incorrect. Every person has been depressed and disturbed at one point in time. They are happy now because they overcame their depression. That is what you have to learn from them and do. Acknowledge that they are concerned about you.
2. Talk: This is very important if you want to let go of your depression. Talk it out with a therapist or a friend or anyone you are comfortable with. Know that they will hear whatever you have to say. All you have to do is speak. Talk about everything which is affecting you; talk about why you are depressed, about what you want to do. Talking will help you get some closure and insight.
3. Cry: Cry it out. It is better out than it is inside. Find a private, convenient place and cry your heart out. It will make you feel lighter and will take a burden off your heart.
4. Succumb to art: Whether that is painting, writing poetry, or playing music, any kind of art will help you bring your thoughts out. It is believed that depression and creativity usually go hand in hand. Utilize your condition to the fullest and you will be surprised to get a masterpiece out of it.
You have to remember that being depressed is just a phase. You will eventually be able to get the upper hand on it and live a happy life.
Speak up! you are not alone in your fight
You are not born to suffer but to survive with innate happiness!
Clinical depression, also known as major depression, is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts. Clinical depression affects the way you eat and sleep. It affects the way you feel about yourself and those around you. It even affects your thoughts.
Untreated clinical depression is a serious problem. Untreated depression increases the chance of risky behaviors such as drug or alcohol addiction. It also can ruin relationships, cause problems at work, and make it difficult to overcome serious illnesses.
People who are depressed cannot simply “pull themselves together” and be cured. Without proper treatment, including antidepressants and/or psychotherapy, untreated clinical depression can last for weeks, months, or years. Appropriate treatment, however, can help most people with depression.
How does untreated clinical depression affect physical health?
There is mounting evidence that clinical depression takes a serious toll on physical health. The most recent studies exploring health and major depression have looked at patients with stroke or coronary artery disease. Results have shown that people with major depression who are recovering from strokes or heart attacks have a more difficult time making health care choices. They also find it more difficult to follow their doctor's instructions and to cope with the challenges their illness presents. Another study found that patients with major depression have a higher risk of death in the first few months after a heart attack.
Are the signs of untreated depression in men different from those in women?
Men who have untreated clinical depression may exhibit more anger, frustration, and violent behavior than women. In addition, men with untreated depression may take dangerous risks such as reckless driving and having unsafe sex. Men are not aware that physical symptoms, such as headaches, digestive disorders and chronic pain, can be symptoms of depression.
Who can be treated successfully for clinical depression?
More than 80% of people with clinical depression can be successfully treated with early recognition, intervention, and support.
Most importantly just by opening up about the reasons
Depression affects almost 19 million people each year, including a large portion of the working population. People with untreated depression can usually get to work. But once there, they may be irritable, fatigued, and have difficulty concentrating. Untreated depression makes it difficult for employees to work well.
Most people do best with depression treatment using psychotherapy, medications, or a combination of both. For treatment-resistant depression, one that does not respond to medication, there are alternative treatments. One example is electroconvulsive therapy or ect.
Somatic symptom disorder is when you put so much focus on symptoms such as pain or fatigue that you have trouble functioning or experience severe emotional distress. You will be visiting the doctor a lot, completely unnecessarily and will waste a lot of money when you have no major health concerns. However, there are treatments which can help you cope with this problem.
Read further to find out what they are:
1. Worrying excessively about an illness which has not yet occurred
2. Frequent health care visits
3. Fear of physical activity damaging your body
4. Fearing that the evaluation of doctors is not adequate
There are many more symptoms which may indicate that you are suffering from somatic symptom disorder. However, the most important way of telling whether someone is suffering from somatic symptom disorder or not is to see whether the patient is overly worried about a physical problem which has not yet occurred. One of the first steps in making sure that this does not happen is finding out what causes the problem and preventing it. Here are the causes of somatic symptom disorder.
As with other psychological disorders, the exact cause of somatic symptom disorder is not yet known. However, there are a number of factors which may increase the risk of it. Here they are.
1. Genetic and biological factors
These as well as an increased sensitivity to pain are some of the factors which you have no control over.
2. Environment you grew up in
Just like the genes you have, the environment you grew up in and your family influence will have a major impact on whether you develop the condition as well.
3. Problems processing emotions
When people have problems processing emotions, their physical symptoms seem like a bigger problem than they actually are.
Luckily, there are treatments for this disorder as well. They include.
Psychotherapy is the most common treatment used to help people with somatic symptom disorder.
Since depression and pain often occur when a person is suffering from somatic symptom disorder, antidepressants can be given as well.
Social media is one thing that we all are hooked to. Well, almost all of us. It is a millennial thing. 94% of teens across the world actively use social media. They probably spend hours chatting with their loved ones on Whatsapp and Messenger, scrolling through their Facebook, Twitter and Instagram accounts, or simply clicking pictures using Snapchat filters. Whatever be the platform, you simply cannot get enough of it!
Social Media Affects Mental Health: Fact or a Myth
You must have heard of the presumed consequences of social media on youngsters. They are drastic enough to compel you into switching off your Smartphone. Previous studies have indicated that the overuse of social media can be addictive to young people. Other studies have linked social media use with lack of sleep, low self-esteem, and poor mental growth – all of which contribute to depression, anxiety and stress. However, the latest studies have dispelled the notion that social media adversely affects one’s mental well-being and causes depression and anxiety.
The Actual Effects of Social Media on Mental Health
During the study, a group of participants were divided into two separate groups. One comprised of 594 adolescents from classes VI, VII and VIII, while the other consisted of 1132 students pursuing graduation. A team of researchers surveyed the younger group once a year, for two years. The older students were surveyed annually for six long years. The survey questions were mostly focused on – how much time they spent on social media on weekends and weekdays, and how much time they allotted on activities like exercising, watching TV, doing homework etc. The research team also looked at signs of depression. The tool for measuring depression symptoms in the older, undergraduate participants were different from the one used for measuring the signs in younger people. Next, the team analyzed the data based on sex and age. The findings revealed that social media does not cause depressive symptoms later in life. This held true in both the adolescent and undergraduate groups. In fact, you would be surprised to hear that higher depression symptoms in female adolescents predicted later use of social media. Therefore, in case you feel a little upset or depressed over anything, turn to social media – it will instantly lift your mood up.
How to Cope with the Fear of Social Media?
When people, mostly parents and the elderly, come across headlines like ‘Facebook Depression’, there is an inherent assumption that Facebook causes depression. That is not the case. The findings of the study above suggest that overuse of Facebook or any social media platform for that matter has nothing to do with depression or poor mental health.
To reduce the fear of social media, we suggest you spend some time interacting with people, looking at cute and funny pet videos, following people who you feel inspire you and bring out the best in you. Also, follow the sites/pages that feature motivational quotes – start your day on a positive note!
Don’t Overdo It
Whether social media is a boon or a bane depends on how you make the most of it. Your individual personality plays a role in determining how social media impacts mental health. For example – a person might misuse social media to threat or commit a crime, while others may simply use it to keep in touch with family and friends. Spending a few hours on social media daily is not a bad thing and it does not necessarily contribute to psychological disorders like depression. However, you must remember not to turn it into a habit because overexposure to social media may cause ADHD, paranoia, or impulsive disorder.
One of the scariest fallouts of divorce is parental alienation for the child. In most cases, the custody of the child is passed on to the mother. In such cases, the child is very likely to be separated from the father. The child can develop a sense of alienation towards his father. The reverse is also true. Sometimes the feeling develops to such an extent that the child may refuse to meet the father or mother at all. This is the tragic fallout of a toxic divorce.
Why It Happens
Parental alienation is common to children of divorced partners. Divorce alters the family structure dramatically. Children don’t have any say or control over such changes. They love both their parents and want to stay with both of them. Although many parents understand this, there are some that don’t. These are the people who stoke parental alienation in their children.
In their zeal to win over the confidence of their children, some parents take stern measures. They take recourse to measures like keeping the child away from its father/mother or speaking badly about the former partner in the presence of their children. Such measures can strike a sense of hatred among children about their father or mother. If one partner continues to engage in such activities, the child may develop a deep sense of alienation towards his separated father or mother. Parents should not use their children to fulfil an urge for vengeance on their former partners.
The need of the hour is to protect children from parental alienation irrespective of the toxicity between the parents. However, protecting children from such abuse is easier said than done.
How to Protect Children from Parental Alienation?
Ways to help a child from parental alienation depends on the age of the child to a large extent. If the child has come out of its infancy and is able to learn and retain things, one needs to maintain the following:
Don’t ever speak badly of former partner, especially in front of the child.
Don’t ever try to go one up above the other partner, especially with gifts or punishments.
One needs to love the child unconditionally. Children love their parents unconditionally and parents need to reciprocate that in order to be in their reckoning.
If the person blames his/her children for something or the other, he or she may develop a sense of alienation.
Reminisce the fun times with the child. If possible, get together with a former partner and spend some happy moments.
One needs to be on time for routine visits with former partners. Children look forward to such visits. Dithering with such visits with children may develop a sense of parental alienation.
Parental alienation is one of the most difficult situations for children to deal with. They go through a mix of emotions, which is why both parents should understand the impact of divorce or separation on their children. It can even spoil the personality of the child. One should always comfort his/her child and avoid situations where a child needs to choose one of the parents.
Guilt is a feeling of worry or unhappiness that you have because you have done something wrong or, you have let yourself or others down by failing to meet a particular standard. This standard may be self-imposed or set by others. In the overall scheme of emotions, guilt is generally categorized as a negative one.
Guilt can be healthy or unhealthy. If the guilt is proportionate or rational, it can be called healthy. Still, it is a negative feeling. You may experience healthy guilt when you cause a problem or hurt someone, when you could have avoided that. The guilt is telling you to make amends and to make changes in your behaviour.
Unhealthy guilt, on the other hand, is disproportionate, irrational or misplaced. This is where you feel guilty even when you did not cause any problem or hurt someone. You have no control over the situation. Imagine you just got a promotion at the same time when your friend suffers a serious career setback.
Managing Healthy Guilt
1. Accept and Apologize
If you have caused problems for someone and are feeling guilty about it, say sorry straight away, and make an unconditional apology. Do not justify your actions or shift the blame to others.
2. Apologize as soon as possible
Delaying to apologize can make your guilt worse and can lead to anxiety. Find a way to make the situation right and do it as soon as possible.
3. Make the Necessary Changes in your Behavior
It is important to take the initiative and address the problem in your behaviour so that you do not repeat the same mistakes again.
4. Move on
The sooner you put the guilt behind you, the sooner you can focus on your present activities and work more productively.
Managing Unhealthy Guilt
1. Be Realistic
You have to understand that you cannot control everything happening around you. You are only responsible for your own actions. So, always be realistic about what you can control and what you cannot.
2. Share your Feelings
Talk to other people about what you are going through and try to seek their point of view and opinion. This can be helpful because others will make you realize that you are not the person to be blamed. Receiving positive and true feedback from others can really make you feel good.
3. Set your Standards Realistically
You may feel guilty because you are not able to reach the standards that you have set for yourself. You are constantly feeling guilty that you have not done well enough. During this process, you completely overlook what you really have accomplished.
What Is Adjustment Disorder
Adjustment disorders are considered to be a group of conditions which usually occur when a person experiences difficulty in coping with the stressful life events. These usually include relationship issues, job issues or the demise of a loved one. The incapacity to adjust to stressful events leads to psychological and sometimes physical symptoms.
Symptoms of Adjustment Disorder
Types of Adjustment Disorder
There are 6 adjustment disorders and each one of them is associated with different symptoms:
1) Adjustment disorder with depressed mood: People diagnosed with this suffer from feelings of hopelessness and sadness and are often related with crying. Also, a person might not enjoy the activities which he earlier enjoyed.
2) Adjustment disorder with anxiety: Symptoms of this are anxiety along with being anxious, overwhelmed, and worried. People with this show less concentration and poor memory. When diagnosed in children it is usually due to the separation anxiety from loved ones and parents.
3) Adjustment disorder with mixed anxiety and depressed mood: In this both anxiety and depression is experienced.
4) Adjustment disorder with disturbance of conduct: The symptoms of this disorder are more of the involvement of the behavioral issues like starting a quarrel, reckless driving, destructing property and stealing. Teens suffering from this might become absent from school.
5) Adjustment disorder with mixed disturbance of emotions and conduct: The symptoms of anxiety, depression, and behavioral issues are observed.
6) Adjustment disorder unspecified: The people who are diagnosed with this type of disorder usually display symptoms those are not associated with other disorders. They exhibit more of physical symptoms and problems with family and friends or at school and workplace.
Treatment of Adjustment Disorder:
If diagnosed with an adjustment disorder, a person can definitely benefit from treatment. This is usually treated with therapy or medicines or a combination of both.
- Therapy is the first choice. A health counselor or a psychologist can give counseling and if there is a need for medication then you might be referred to a psychiatrist.
- Medication like nonbenzodiazepine anxiolytic, SSRI or SNRI and benzodiazepines might be prescribed for reducing the symptoms of anxiety.
Grief is a complex emotion that may give you side effects like guilt and make you struggle as you try to get through your everyday life. It is usually caused by some loss in life which may have to do with relationships, work or any other reason like a chronic physical ailment or disability. Complicated grief disorder is a condition where the extreme level of grief impairs a person and how he or she behaves in his or her daily life. It can have a debilitating effect and make a person helpless when it comes to dealing with everyday functions. It may continue for more than six months after the loss, and may even lead to depression and anxiety, among other complications.
Let us cast a glance at how this may be dealt with.
Somatic Symptoms is also known as Somatization Disorder or Somatoform Disorder. It is a type of mental disorder which causes many bodily symptoms. The symptoms may or may not be noticeable for medical treatment. However, they normally cause excessive levels of distress. The symptoms may be related to one or more body organs and body system.
Some of them could be:
In most cases, people experience Anxiety Disorder along with Somatic Symptom Disorder.
Symptoms of Somatic Symptoms Disorder (SSD)
One of the most common symptoms of SSD is pain and fatigue. However, there are other symptoms as well that exist like excessive behavioral and emotional changes, which cause chronic mental issues. Apart from pain and fatigue, people with SSD often feel excessive thoughts, like:
They constantly worry about illness
They view normal physical sensation as a symptom of some serious disease
They have a feeling that treatment and medication is not adequate
They think that normal sensations are harmful and threatening
They think that physical activities may damage the body
They keep checking their body abnormalities often
They are sensitive to medication and unresponsive to any treatment
Causes of Somatic Symptom Disorder
The reason behind Somatic symptom disorder is still not clear. However, over the years, researchers have come to identify some causes that might lead to Somatic Symptoms Disorder. They are as follows:
Biological and genetic traits might cause this
Too much negativity in one’s personality
Paying more attention towards pain and be regularly concerned about it
Some past Trauma or stressful event can also have a negative effect
Treatment of Somatic Symptoms Disorder
The treatment of somatic symptom disorder involves therapy, medication, or a combination of both, depending upon the condition of this disorder.
One of the common medicines used to cure this disease is antidepressant. These help in reducing anxiety and stress. They work best with a combination of some physical exercise and healthy diet. However, one needs to consult a doctor before taking these medicines, as they may have side effects. Also, medication alone might not do any good and it is better if it is accompanied by a Psychotherapy as well.
Psychotherapy is also known as talk therapy. It is one of the most effective way to cure and reduce anxiety. Usually doctors advise this therapy for patients which are in beginning stages of SSD. Such a therapy is aimed at identifying the root cause of SSD and then addressing those. A lot of times, a psychologist might find that there could be a past event that might cause constant negative thoughts, that leads to SSD. In such cases, the expert will work on getting over those negative thoughts. In some cases, the expert might also choose to prescribe medication, especially in the extreme cases, so as to instantly bring down the stress and depression levels.
Somatic Symptoms Disorder is a worrying condition. This can cause both an emotional as well as physical problems. If someone sees symptoms that might indicate the presence of Somatic Symptoms, then he / she should immediately consult an experienced medical professional. An expert will be able to evaluate the exact condition and then devise the plan of action based on that.