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Psychotherapy - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Psychotherapy is a technique typically utilized by psychiatrist, psychologist and other mental health experts for treating problems related to mental health. Psychotherapy helps to take control of our life and respond to various challenging situations with healthy coping skills.During a psychotherapy session, the healthcare professional attempts to learn about the patient’s condition, moods, feelings, thoughts, and behaviors and steer the progress.

There are several types of psychotherapy techniques available each with their own unique approach. The kind of psychotherapy that's right for us depends on our individual situation. Psychotherapy is commonly known as talk therapy, counseling, psychosocial therapy or, just, therapy. Psychotherapy is used either alone or in combination with medications to treat mental illnesses. Though called ""therapy"" for short, the word psychotherapy involves several treatment techniques.

During psychotherapy, a person with mental illness talks to a licensed and trained mental health care expert who helps him or her identify and work through the factors that may be triggering their disease. Psychotherapy is usually recommended whenever a person is grappling with life, relationship or work issue or a specific mental health concern, and these issues are causing the individual lots of pain or upset for longer than a few days.

How is the treatment done?

While the therapy can be done in different formats like family, group or individual, there are also several different approaches that a mental health professional can take to provide the therapy. The different treatment approach includes,

  • Psychodynamic Therapy: The Psychodynamic therapy builds on the assumption that a person has emotional disturbance because of unresolved, generally unconscious conflicts, often stemming from childhood.
  • Interpersonal Therapy: The Interpersonal therapy focuses on the behaviors and interactions a patient has with his or her family members and friends. The primary goal of this treatment is to improve the communication skills and increase self-esteem during a short period. It usually lasts around three to four months and works well for depression caused by mourning, relationship conflicts, major life events, and social isolation.
  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: The Cognitive-behavioral therapy assists people with mental illness to identify and change inaccurate perceptions that they may have to themselves and the people around them. The therapist helps the patient find new ways of thinking by directing attention to both the ""wrong"" and ""right"" assumptions they make about themselves and others.
  • Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

    Some people seek psychotherapy when they feel depressed, anxious or angry for a long time. Others may want help from a chronic illness that is interfering with their emotional or physical well-being. Still, others may even have short-term problems they need help navigating. Some of the common instances when one need to get a treatment:

    • You feel an overwhelming, prolonged sense of sadness.
    • Your problems don't seem to get any better despite all your efforts and help from your family and friends.
    • You find it difficult to concentrate on your works, assignments or to carry out other everyday activities.
    • You worry excessively, expect the worst or are constantly on edge.
    • Your actions, such as drinking excessive alcohol, using drugs or being aggressive, are harming you or others.

    Who is not eligible for the treatment?

    The mental health expert is the best person to determine who does not qualify for the treatment. For earlier stages of mental illness, it is always advisable not to go straightaway into any therapy but getting involved with friends and family.

    Are there any side effects?

    Usually, there is very little or no risk in undergoing psychotherapy. But because it can dive into painful feelings and experiences, one may feel emotionally uncomfortable at times. However, any risks are minimized by working with a skilled therapist who can match the type and intensity of therapy with their needs. The common side effects are headaches, migraines, sleeplessness, etc. Research on side effects of psychotherapy has been limited for various reasons, yet they may be expected to occur in about 5% to 20% of patients.

    Common problems include worsening of existing symptoms or developing new symptoms, conflicts in other relationships, and excessive dependence on the therapist. Some methods or therapists may carry more risks than others, and some client characteristics may make them more vulnerable. Side-effects from properly conducted therapy should be differentiated from harms caused by malpractice.

    What are the post-treatment guidelines?

    A patient should visit the physician for periodic check-ups for any condition and the same applies to psychotherapy. They might have to meet with the doctor for a couple of weeks or a month after psychotherapy ends just to report how they’re doing as a follow-up procedure. If all is well, one can wrap things up at that session.

    Psychotherapy doesn’t have a beginning, middle, and end. One can solve a problem, then face a new situation in your life and feel the skills they learned during the last course of treatment need a little tweaking. Just contact the psychologist again. After all, the doctor already knows your story. There’s no need wait for a crisis to see the doctor again. One might just need a ""booster"" session to reinforce what they learned the last time. Psychotherapy should be regarded as a mental tune-up.

    How long does it take to recover?

    Depending on the severity of the mental ailment the recovery period varies. Psychotherapy is a continuous interaction with the expert. It should be considered more as a well-being session than treatment.

    What is the price of the treatment in India?

    The cost of one session depends on the severity of the ailment of the patient. The average price of the treatment in India ranges between Rupees 1,000 to Rupees 10,000 depending on the case and organization performing the therapy.

    Are the results of the treatment permanent?

    The results of the treatment are not permanent, but it instills confidence in the individual to fight for themselves and not bow down to the world. There have been cases where patients have again gone back to their old lifestyle after successfully completing this therapy.

    What are the alternatives to the treatment?

    Some common alternatives of psychotherapy are Medication, Psychotherapy, Group therapy, Day treatment or partial hospital treatment, Specific therapies, such as cognitive-behaviour therapy and behavior modification.

    Safety: High Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: High Price Range: RS. 1000 - Rs. 10,000

    Popular Health Tips

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) - Homeopathic Treatment For It!

    Diploma in Gastroenterology, Diploma in Dermatology, BHMS
    Homeopath, Hyderabad
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) - Homeopathic Treatment For It!

    Parents get very concerned when they are just not able to hold their child’s attention who is restless, hyperactive, anxious, highly energetic, and never attentive. For some, this could initially be an exciting phase but can be an indication of some serious underlying disorder too.

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or hyperactive disorder or ADHD as it is commonly known is a group of symptoms including behavioural, mood, cognitive, and learning disabilities with a lot of aggression, irritability, excitability, forgetfulness, restlessness, reduced attention span, etc. in these children. Listed below are the common symptoms, which are almost diagnostic of ADHD are:

    The impact is felt across all spheres of life including home, academics, school life, and in relationships with friends.

    1. Usually seen in children before the age of 7.
    2. With very short attention spans, the child constantly looks for something to do and be engaged.
    3. Very easy to get distracted even when engaged, the child is very restless.
    4. Sleep disorders.
    5.  With constantly being on the toes, the child feels tired and lethargic.
    6. Difficulty prioritising and frequent procrastination.
    7. They forget things quite easily and would ask for help with coordinating movements.
    8. Rare, but some children can have learning disabilities like dyslexia, but their intelligence levels are not affected.
    9. Disorganisation, leading to poor motor coordination and impaired movements.
    10. Difficulties with fine motor and cognitive skills may cause delay in engagement in sports.


    • Diet changes with rise in processed foods and sugary diet.
    • Social changes like nuclear families, single parents, lack of siblings, etc.
    • Increased time spent with electronic devices.

    Homoeopathy has an effective cure for ADHD as it looks at the child holistically and proposes remedies. Homeopathic constitutional treatment provides an effective solution for adhd. Some common remedies are listed below. A word of caution though never self-medicate using these. ADHD is a complex condition and should be assessed completely before initiating treatment.

    Homeopathy is used in ADHD where symptoms are across the spectrum - hyperactive to complete withdrawal, completely based on symptoms and psychotherapy plays an important role in treatment through behaviour modification techniques like CBT.

    In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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    Dealing with Hostile and Aggressive Behavior in People!

    DNB (Psychiatry), DPM, MBBS
    Psychiatrist, Mumbai
    Dealing with Hostile and Aggressive Behavior in People!

    Do you have the habit of breaking into violent outbursts, accompanied by repeated episodes of impulsive, violent, and aggressive behavior? These are indications of intermittent explosive disorder, which makes you react grossly in a situation. Such violent outbursts can cause great distress to you, by negatively affecting your daily activities and personal relationships.

    It is important to treat violent outbursts to avoid getting into big troubles, which are quite likely.

    1. PsychotherapyIndividual counseling or group therapy can be beneficial for treating violent outbursts. Cognitive behavioral therapy is commonly used for treating people suffering from intermittent explosive disorder. You are taught how to identify behaviors and situations, which might trigger you to respond aggressively. You are also taught about anger management, using techniques like relaxation training.
    2. Medicines: Several different types of medications are used for treating violent outbursts. They include antidepressants and anticonvulsant mood stabilizers.

    How can you control your anger? 

    1. Unlearn problem behavior: Coping well with anger can be learned. You need to practice all the methods you learn during the therapy. This helps you to recognize what triggers you and how to keep away from being triggered.
    2. Develop a plan: You should develop an action plan for the times when you feel that you are getting very angry. If you sense that you are losing control, you must try to get away from the situation. Find ways to distract yourself.
    3. Avoid alcohol and drugs: Alcohol and other recreational drugs increase your aggressiveness and trigger your violent nature. Hence, keep away from them.
    4. Take preventive steps: In order to keep away from violent outbursts while you are under treatment, you should take several preventive steps. They are as follows:
    5. Stick to your treatment plan: You must attend your therapy sessions, practice coping skills, and take your prescribed medicines regularly. Maintenance medications may be prescribed for avoiding recurrence of violent outbursts.
    6. Practice relaxations techniques: You must practice yoga, deep breathing, and take the help of relaxing imagery to keep yourself calm.
    7. Cognitive restructuring: You need to change the ways you think about a certain situation by thinking rationally. You should be logical and must learn to have reasonable expectations. These help you in positively reacting to a situation.

    For dealing with violent outbursts, it is important for you to change your environment. Try to leave certain situations to which you reacted violently in the past. You need time on your own, and should take a peaceful break in order to normalize your impulsive nature.

    1 person found this helpful

    Language Disorder - What Type Of Treatment Should You Get?

    Advance Diploma Child & Guidance Counselling, Post Graduate Diploma In Clinical Psychologist
    Psychologist, Jodhpur
    Language Disorder - What Type Of Treatment Should You Get?

    Language disorder is commonly known as language impairment, it is a common childhood disorder, which makes it difficult for kids to understand what the people around them are saying to them and to face difficulty in following simple directions, it also includes difficulty in expressing the thoughts and feeling through speech.

    Language disorder can be classified as:

    1. Receptive language disorder: This disorder makes it difficult to understand what the other person is saying to the one suffering from it.
    2. Expressive language disorder: Kids suffering from it are not able to express themselves and their thoughts.
    3. Mixed receptive expressive disorder: These kids have combined symptoms of receptive language disorder and expressive language disorder, making it difficult to understand and to make someone else understand.

    Symptoms of language disorder:

    1. Difficulty in understanding: The ones suffering from language disorder, finds it difficult to understand what the people around them are saying.
    2. Limited vocabulary: It is one of the prominent symptoms, in which the vocabulary of the kids is very limited as compared to other kids of that age.
    3. Trouble learning new things: Learning new things is a difficult task for the kid suffering from language disorder
    4. Repeat usage of certain phrases: Kids tend to use the same phrase again and again, which is one of the basic symptoms.
    5. Frustration: As the kid is either not able to understand or to make other understand or both, kids with this disorder tend to remain more frustrated in comparison to other kids, as they are unable to do things. 
    6. Sentences which do not make sense: Making incomplete or senseless sentences is a key indicator of language disorder.

    What you should do?

    1. Speech therapist: The treatment may include speech therapy, in which the speech therapist will work towards building the vocabulary and improving the grammar of the kids suffering, making the kids more confident and feel good about themselves.
    2. Psychotherapy: If the kid is also suffering from emotional issues because of the language disorder, then one should also undergo Psychotherapy, as it not only improves the morale of the patient, but also provides the guidance on how to keep improving further from the language disorder.
    3. Positive Atmosphere: The kids suffering from such a disorder should be made comfortable enough to enjoy their being, giving plenty of time to your young ones is the best way to cure such disorder, so one should always communicate well with his kids and make them learn new things, sing to them, listen to various sounds, show different pictures, colours, shapes to make them learn.
    4. Parental Support: The parents should also understand the issue well, be patient, and should support the kid to work out on the disorder. Parents should also interact with other parents, who have been there, to learn more about the language disorders and how their kids overcome the disorder.

    As language disorder is one of common issue in kids, this can be managed and cured well to improve after all the required knowledge and best practices to follow. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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    Know More About Stammering

    Psychologist, Karnal
    Know More About Stammering

    Speech therapy and psychotherapy are ways to manage stammering.

    3 people found this helpful

    Depression - How Dialysis Patients Can Manage It?

    MBBS, DM - Nephrology, MD-General Medicine
    Nephrologist, Delhi
    Depression - How Dialysis Patients Can Manage It?

    A diseased kidney is one that has lost its ability to carry out the filtration process in a proper manner. This process of filtration usually sends the waste and toxins out of the body in a routine manner. In such cases, a kidney disease manifests which requires a number of treatment measures. Dialysis is something that enters the treatment plan at a later stage as chronic early stage kidney disease can remain in the patient’s body for many years.

    When the kidney function comes down to 15%, then most doctors recommend the start of dialysis which is basically a process that removes the excess waste and fluid from the blood. This can be a process that will leave the patient fatigued and in a mental state that is not exactly stable and positive at all times. It is common to see dialysis patients battling depression due to the chronic nature of the treatment as well as the low chances of recovery.

    So, let us find out how dialysis patients can cope with depression.

    1. Professional Help: Depression is said to be like a common cold when it comes to mental diseases. The state of a person’s body can very well affect the balance in his or her mind and lead to depression. Starting from pressing circumstances to hormonal changes as well as chronic ailments, depression can affect people due to a number of reasons. Dialysis patients who are undergoing depression must consult a professional specialist like a psychiatrist who will help the patient understand and cope with the situation with the use of therapy based counselling.
    2. Medication: The patient can also be given medication that will prevent the build up of unnecessary stress by blocking the production of those hormones that result in a negative state of mind. This medication must be prescribed after speaking the patient’s nephrologist about what kind of medication will suit the patient specifically.
    3. Psychotherapy: Long term psychotherapy is also known as talk therapy that can help the psychiatrist or clinical psychologist in talking the patient through the problems. Besides giving the patient the scope and platform to air out the problems and reach solutions regarding normal day to day functioning despite the troubles, this kind of therapy also aims at equipping the patient with a better perspective and improved attitude.

    While going through this kind of therapy and medication, it is important to keep a team of nephrologists and psychiatrists in the loop so that the patient may reach out at any time in order to avail help in the most trying situations. This will give a blanket of security to the patient as well.

    In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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    Popular Questions & Answers

    I got married before 10 months. My marriage is a love marriage but now am not happy with that I feel my life is fully gone. I could not sleep. I sacrificed everything but he couldn't understand me.

    Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
    Psychologist, Bangalore
    Understanding is extremely important in a relationship. But why despair? Differences will always come up in relationships and these can be sorted out by going for counseling before it gets out of hand. Love marriages tend to lose its glamour soon but it does nt necessarily have to end in doom. The first two years of your marriage is very important to learn to adjust. This is immaterial as to how long your courtship was. Adjustability will last your lifetime and so some education through therapy will definitely help.
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    Table of Content

    What is the treatment?
    How is the treatment done?
    Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
    Who is not eligible for the treatment?
    Are there any side effects?
    What are the post-treatment guidelines?
    How long does it take to recover?
    What is the price of the treatment in India?
    Are the results of the treatment permanent?
    What are the alternatives to the treatment?
    Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice