Psychotherapy is a technique typically utilized by psychiatrist, psychologist and other mental health experts for treating problems related to mental health. Psychotherapy helps to take control of our life and respond to various challenging situations with healthy coping skills.During a psychotherapy session, the healthcare professional attempts to learn about the patient’s condition, moods, feelings, thoughts, and behaviors and steer the progress.
There are several types of psychotherapy techniques available each with their own unique approach. The kind of psychotherapy that's right for us depends on our individual situation. Psychotherapy is commonly known as talk therapy, counseling, psychosocial therapy or, just, therapy. Psychotherapy is used either alone or in combination with medications to treat mental illnesses. Though called ""therapy"" for short, the word psychotherapy involves several treatment techniques.
During psychotherapy, a person with mental illness talks to a licensed and trained mental health care expert who helps him or her identify and work through the factors that may be triggering their disease. Psychotherapy is usually recommended whenever a person is grappling with life, relationship or work issue or a specific mental health concern, and these issues are causing the individual lots of pain or upset for longer than a few days.
While the therapy can be done in different formats like family, group or individual, there are also several different approaches that a mental health professional can take to provide the therapy. The different treatment approach includes,
Some people seek psychotherapy when they feel depressed, anxious or angry for a long time. Others may want help from a chronic illness that is interfering with their emotional or physical well-being. Still, others may even have short-term problems they need help navigating. Some of the common instances when one need to get a treatment:
The mental health expert is the best person to determine who does not qualify for the treatment. For earlier stages of mental illness, it is always advisable not to go straightaway into any therapy but getting involved with friends and family.
Usually, there is very little or no risk in undergoing psychotherapy. But because it can dive into painful feelings and experiences, one may feel emotionally uncomfortable at times. However, any risks are minimized by working with a skilled therapist who can match the type and intensity of therapy with their needs. The common side effects are headaches, migraines, sleeplessness, etc. Research on side effects of psychotherapy has been limited for various reasons, yet they may be expected to occur in about 5% to 20% of patients.
Common problems include worsening of existing symptoms or developing new symptoms, conflicts in other relationships, and excessive dependence on the therapist. Some methods or therapists may carry more risks than others, and some client characteristics may make them more vulnerable. Side-effects from properly conducted therapy should be differentiated from harms caused by malpractice.
A patient should visit the physician for periodic check-ups for any condition and the same applies to psychotherapy. They might have to meet with the doctor for a couple of weeks or a month after psychotherapy ends just to report how they’re doing as a follow-up procedure. If all is well, one can wrap things up at that session.
Psychotherapy doesn’t have a beginning, middle, and end. One can solve a problem, then face a new situation in your life and feel the skills they learned during the last course of treatment need a little tweaking. Just contact the psychologist again. After all, the doctor already knows your story. There’s no need wait for a crisis to see the doctor again. One might just need a ""booster"" session to reinforce what they learned the last time. Psychotherapy should be regarded as a mental tune-up.
Depending on the severity of the mental ailment the recovery period varies. Psychotherapy is a continuous interaction with the expert. It should be considered more as a well-being session than treatment.
The cost of one session depends on the severity of the ailment of the patient. The average price of the treatment in India ranges between Rupees 1,000 to Rupees 10,000 depending on the case and organization performing the therapy.
The results of the treatment are not permanent, but it instills confidence in the individual to fight for themselves and not bow down to the world. There have been cases where patients have again gone back to their old lifestyle after successfully completing this therapy.
Some common alternatives of psychotherapy are Medication, Psychotherapy, Group therapy, Day treatment or partial hospital treatment, Specific therapies, such as cognitive-behaviour therapy and behavior modification.
Do you have the habit of breaking into violent outbursts, accompanied by repeated episodes of impulsive, violent, and aggressive behavior? These are indications of intermittent explosive disorder, which makes you react grossly in a situation. Such violent outbursts can cause great distress to you, by negatively affecting your daily activities and personal relationships.
It is important to treat violent outbursts to avoid getting into big troubles, which are quite likely.
How can you control your anger?
For dealing with violent outbursts, it is important for you to change your environment. Try to leave certain situations to which you reacted violently in the past. You need time on your own, and should take a peaceful break in order to normalize your impulsive nature.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Are you suffering from seasonal depression triggered by the change in season? This condition is known as seasonal affective disorder or SAD and primarily occurs during the winter. It usually starts when the days start getting colder and shorter. SAD requires treatment as it limits an affected person’s ability to smoothly carry out his or her everyday activities. Here are the several methods by which SAD can be treated or dealt with:
It is very important for you to recognise the symptoms of SAD when they start showing, and consult a doctor immediately. This will prevent the symptoms from escalating and you will be able to get early treatment.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
One of the emerging psychiatric disorder that has significant medical and psychiatric consequences is compulsive sexual behaviour or hypersexuality, is an obsession with sexual thoughts in which people cannot manage their sexual behaviour. It may involve a commonly enjoyable sexual experience as self-stimulation which becomes an obsession. The person suffering from the condition may also get involved in sexual behaviours that are outside the bounds of commonly accepted conduct like paying for sex or having extramarital affairs.
Untreated compulsive sexual behaviour damages one’s self-esteem, health, job, relationships and career. However, with treatment and self-help, one can manage compulsive sexual behaviour and learn to manage one’s urge. Males are more likely to be unfaithful than females because they have stronger sexual impulses and weaker self-control. Compulsive sexual behaviour symptoms vary in type and severity. During intense sexual impulses, one feels as if they're beyond control. This is the first and the most common symptom as the patient uses compulsive sexual behaviour as an escape route for problems like loneliness, depression, anxiety and stress. One has trouble establishing and maintaining emotional closeness, even if one is married or in a committed relationship.
The treatment for compulsive sexual behaviour involves psychotherapy and medications. A primary goal of treatment is to help one manage urges and reduce excessive behaviours while maintaining healthy sexual activities. If one has compulsive sexual behaviour, one may need treatment for mental health condition. People with compulsive sexual behaviour often have alcohol or drug abuse problems or a mood disorder such as depression.
Counselling sessions can help one learn how to manage one’s compulsive sexual behaviour. Intensive treatment programs for compulsive sexual behaviours focus on identification of core triggers and beliefs about sexual addiction. It assists in development of healthier choices and coping skills to minimize urges and deal with the preoccupation of sexual addiction. Psychodynamic psychotherapy can prove to be very useful as it focuses on increasing one’s awareness of unconscious thoughts and behaviours, and developing new insights into their motivations. Resolving conflicts using this therapy is also recommended. The other kind of treatment program is cognitive behavioural therapy. This therapy helps one to identify unhealthy, negative beliefs and behaviours and replace them with healthy, positive ones. Family therapy and couples therapy may restore trust, minimize shame and guilt thus establishing a healthy sexual relationship between partners.
Medications include anti-depressants like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, mood stabilizers and anti-androgens have also been used to treat compulsive sexual behaviour. Anti-androgens are prescribed as it reduces the biological effects of sex hormones in men thus reducing sexual urges. Luteinizing hormone is also prescribed as it reduces obsessive sexual thoughts by reducing the production of testosterone. Anti-seizure medications, naltrexone, and medications which decrease male hormones have been found to decrease the compulsive urges and impulses associated with sexual addictions for some sufferers. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist.
Language disorder is commonly known as language impairment, it is a common childhood disorder, which makes it difficult for kids to understand what the people around them are saying to them and to face difficulty in following simple directions, it also includes difficulty in expressing the thoughts and feeling through speech.
Language disorder can be classified as:
Symptoms of language disorder:
What you should do?
As language disorder is one of common issue in kids, this can be managed and cured well to improve after all the required knowledge and best practices to follow. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychologist.
Being a victim or witnessing a horrific accident or personal assault can leave you shocked and scarred. Sometimes, these conditions last for months and years with memories of the traumatic incident triggering intense emotional and physical responses. This is known as post traumatic stress disorder or PTSD. It is a fairly common anxiety syndrome and can be treated in a number of ways including drugs, exercise and psychotherapy. However, this treatment aims only to control the disorder and there is no known cure for PTSD as yet.
Exercise not only keeps the body fit, but also helps the body release endorphins. Endorphins help fight stress, fear and pain. Thus, exercising helps focus on the body and its movements instead of your fears. It can also help elevate the mood of a person. Low to moderate intensity exercising is ideal for a PTSD patient. Aerobics, pilates, yoga or martial arts like tai chi are known to be effective ways of reducing stress and anxiety in PTSD patients. Breathing exercises like pranayama can also help calm and relax the mind.
Exercise for a PTSD patient should be planned in repetitive sets. This enables the person to slowly master the type of exercise being done and regain control and confidence in himself. It also needs to be predictable so as to avoid triggering a PTSD emotional or physical response. Non competitive exercises are better than competitive exercises as it does not create an opportunity for the person to feel stressed. Exercising and practicing breathing techniques can also help a person analyze himself and his response to stressful situations. By understanding their reactions, a person can slowly bring about changes to handle stress in a better way.
For a PTSD patient, exercise should not be seen as a group activity but as an individual effort to increase self control. Patience is key here both for the patient and the therapist. It is also necessary for the person to have realistic goals from his exercise regimen. An exercise program for PTSD patients also needs to be flexible. In order to meet the needs of a patient, it may need to be changed in accordance to the medication he is under. Small incidents like having a flat tire when cycling can trigger anxiety in a person suffering from PTSD. However, if dealt with correctly, it can bolster confidence in the long run.
Lastly, exercising also helps improve self-image and build confidence which helps a PTSD patient break out of his protective shell and socialize with others. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist.