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Overview

Poisoning: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

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How is the treatment done?

Poisoning is a life-threatening act. An act of poisoning takes place when any substance that creates a detuning, interfering the normal body functioning when either injected, absorbed, inhaled or swallowed. The process of treatment in order to deal and cure harm caused by poisons is known as toxicology. Poisoning requires immediate treatment. If you come across a person poisoned by any means and showing dreadful symptoms, you should take the person immediately to the hospital or call for an ambulance. However, in case the person does not show any symptom but has swallowed or inhaled serious poison, it is recommended to get a medical help as soon as possible.

Poison can be of various categories. Toxic chemicals like cyanide, paint, phenyl if accidentally reaches inside a human body, it acts as a poison and can kill the person. On the other hand, some medicines and food substances also can be poisonous, like some specific mushroom are poisonous in nature, drinking water with chemicals can be harmful too.

Medicines prescribed by the doctor to treat heart disease, nervous problem or drugs that prevent blood clotting can be poisonous to health if taken in excess amount. Even intake of an excess proportion of Vitamin A and D may lead to liver failure.

The symptoms of poisoning vary greatly. It may cause pain or can be painless too, can slow or increase the heart rate of the victim, stimulate the breathing or reduce it, losing muscle control or muscle twitching, drooling, blurred vision or disorientation.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Do not wait for the symptoms to evolve. If you come across any person who has taken any substance that can be harmful and poisonous, take the person to the hospital. Even if the person did not take any substance that looks harmful in your eyes, but anyhow has tried to harm himself or herself, a doctor check-up is mostly recommended.

Until the medical help arrives, you must conduct necessary first aid. For a person who has swallowed something poisonous, check and wash away the remaining material from inside the person's mouth. For poison that has affected the skin or eyes, a shower or gentle flush in the region is recommended primarily. For a victim who has inhaled poison, get him some fresh air immediately.

The doctor would examine and investigate the entire history and will further conduct few medical tests. These tests would determine the cause of the poisoning. The tests include blood tests to check the poison in the blood, electrocardiogram to check the condition of the heart and often a CT scan is also done.

Treatment is dependent on the cause of the poisoning. Activated charcoal is used as an agent to treat someone poisoned. The advantage of the charcoal is that it binds the poison and controls getting further absorbed into the bloodline.

Sedatives are for people who are agitated. Anti-epileptic medicines are especially for ones with seizure fits. Antidotes are used to reverse the effect of the poison or stop the effect of poison. In case the person stops breathing or suffering from excess difficulty in breathing, ventilators are used to facilitate the breathing process.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you are the victim of any substance that is harmful or poisonous for you, treatment is essential.

Are there any side effects?

If you are not exposed to any harmful substance, you are not eligible or do not need this treatment.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Activated charcoal often used to treat poisoning has multiple side effects like black stools, constipation, a tendency to vomiting, black tongue and diarrhoea. However, side effects of antidote are more or less the same like rashes, vomiting, and nausea.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The recovery rests on the severity of the condition. For victims who received medical help after a long time, chances of his survival is rare. However, on the other hand, if treated properly and immediately, recovery is attained much faster.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The overall cost behind the treatment is subject to the cause and the condition of the patient. Thus it hugely differs from case to case. Each cause calls for a different treatment procedure, and so do the treatment cost.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The recovery rests on the severity of the condition of the victim. Most of the toxic agents are reversible in nature and do not cause permanent damage, whereas some of the substances or poison leads to permanent damage with no chances of recovery.

Safety: Condition Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Popular Health Tips

Contact Dermatitis - 3 Common Types You Must Know!

MD, Ex Sr Dermatologist AIIMS New Delhi
Dermatologist, Delhi
Contact Dermatitis - 3 Common Types You Must Know!

The condition which occurs on exposure to foreign substances and causes the skin to become red, itchy and inflamed is known as contact dermatitis. It is commonly known as a rash. Although most of the reactions to contact dermatitis are not serious, they can be very irritating till the itching subsides. The causes of contact dermatitis are usually case specific; they vary according to the different types of this disease.

The types of contact dermatitis are:

  1. Allergic contact dermatitis: This condition occurs when an allergic reaction is developed after exposure to foreign substances. The reaction occurs with a release of inflammatory chemicals that causes the skin to become irritated and itchy. If a person has eczema, he or she can suffer from this kind of rash. Causes of allergic contact dermatitis include:
    • Latex gloves
    • Poison Oak
    • Jewellery (gold or nickel)
    • Perfumes and chemicals in skincare and cosmetic products
  2. Irritant contact dermatitis: Contact between the skin and a toxic material causes Irritant contact dermatitis. They can be sub divided into two categories, namely chemical irritants and physical irritants. Some of the toxic substances that cause this condition include battery acid, drain cleaners, detergents, kerosene, pepper spray and bleach. The physical causes of Irritant contact dermatitis include low humidity from air conditioning, a variety of plants and so on so forth. The condition tends to become more painful, rather than itchy.
  3. Photo-contact dermatitis: This is a very uncommon type of contact dermatitis which is caused due to the exposure of some active ingredients in sunscreen to sunlight. When sunlight is not present, the sensitive chemicals in the substances are not harmful.

Symptoms 
Symptoms of contact dermatitis depend upon the causes of this condition. The symptoms of allergic contact dermatitis are:

  1. Dry or oozing blisters
  2. Dry, flaky and scaly skin
  3. Redness of the skin
  4. Extreme itching
  5. Burning of the skin with or without sores
  6. Leathery or dark appearance of the skin
  7. Hives
  8. Swelling, particularly on the face, in your eyes or groin regions

Symptoms of Irritant Contact dermatitis can be slightly different. They include:

  1. Blistering
  2. Swelling
  3. Cracking due to extreme dryness
  4. Ulcerations
  5. Stiff or tightened skin
  6. Open sores that form crusts 

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

2369 people found this helpful

Angioedema - An Overview

MBBS(Hons), MD (Gold Medalist) Dermatology
Dermatologist, Kolkata
Angioedema - An Overview

Allergic reactions are the body’s way of responding to foreign substances. The body recognizes these substances (be it food, pollens, insect bites, etc.) as antigens and produces antibodies. These antibodies can cause various reactions depending on the severity of the allergen, be it skin rash, hives, or angioedema. In severe cases, there could be swelling of the tongue and the respiratory tract, leading to choking of the airways.

Literally, angioedema means swelling of the blood vessels. These are located in the underlying layers of the skin and their swelling can lead to formation of giant hives, which can be extremely itchy, reddish, and oval or circular in shape. The affected area I usually warm and painful to touch.

Causes

Angioedema is caused due to the following:

  1. Food allergies including eggs, peanuts, shellfish, milk, tree nuts, chocolates, etc.

  2. Insect bites or stings

  3. Pollen, latex, animal dander, poison ivy, and other common allergens

  4. Medications like aspirin, penicillin, ibuprofen, and some blood pressure medicines

  5. In response to blood transfusions

  6. Auto-immune disorders like lupus

  7. Conditions like leukemia and thyroid disorders

  8. Infections like hepatitis, cytomegalovirus infections, Epstein-Barr infections, etc.

  9. Weather conditions like extremes of cold, heat, or pressure

  10. Extreme emotional stress

  11. Genetic angioedema, passed on from parents to children, which could last forever

While hives usually develop without any warning, the following condition puts a person at risk of developing angioedema.

  1. Predisposition to allergic reactions (highly active immune system)

  2. Previous history of allergies

  3. Genetic history of allergies or angioedema

Most angioedema cases are limited to the skin and hives, but there could be severe cases leading to respiratory distress.

Diagnosis

If it is the first instance of hives, the doctor would ask detailed questions about similar occurrence in the past. They would also check if there are similar hives on other parts of the body like the back, which you may have missed. If required, this examination is followed by allergy testing and blood testing. The allergy testing will help identify if you are allergic to some of the common things which cause allergy. The blood test will look for your eosinophil count, which is usually high in people prone to allergies. C1 esterase inhibitor test and complement particles also can be checked, if there is suspicion of genetic angioedema.

Treatment

This would depend on the severity of symptoms

  1. In case of angioedema, admission in hospital may be needed.
  2. Tracheostomy may also become essential to save patients life.
  3. Vigorous therapy with intravenous medications like steroid, antihistamines and others may be needed.
  4. Under medical treatment, antihistamines like cetirizine and loratadine are prescribed. However, severe cases may require steroids like prednisolone.

Prevention

Once you know what caused it, avoid exposure to these substances and further attacks can be prevented. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.

2152 people found this helpful

Food To Be Avoided During Pregnancy

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Food To Be Avoided During Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a really beautiful as well as a very sensitive phase in a woman’s life. Craving for your favourite food in the middle of the night, or even throughout the day, is a perfectly normal phenomenon. Although you deserve to be pampered with your favourite food, however, there are certain foods which irrespective of cravings you really need to avoid for the well being of that tiny little life inside you.

Here is a list of food items to be avoided during pregnancy.

  1. Starting with fruits, papaya and pineapples are big negatives. These fruits contain substances that produce uterine contractions inducing labour, and thus, abortion.

  2. Sesame seeds also tend to excite uterine muscles thereby causing contractions which may lead to abortion. So it would be an intelligent step to avoid intake of these. Other dry fruits like raisins, dates, almonds, walnuts, pistachios are safe to consume in a moderate amount.

  3. Spices that make way into this list include fennel and fenugreek seeds. These may induce uterine contractions too.

  4. Although fish is rich in omega 3 and is an important food to include in the pregnancy diet, intake of some sorts of fish might not be a good idea. Here is a list of the kinds of fishes that should be avoided.

    • Fishes containing mercury

    • Smoked or refrigerated seafood.

    • Fishes cultured in polluted water

    • Shellfish that is undercooked. Eg, clams, mussels, oyster

  5. Undercooked or raw eggs may be tainted with salmonella bacteria that might cause vomiting and diarrhoea. Desserts or sauces containing raw or uncooked egg should be avoided.

  6. Any form of undercooked or treated meat or poultry. This is because a parasite named toxoplasma may be present that might cause excessive food poisoning which in turn could cause foetal damage or miscarriage.

  7. Milk is one of the essential foods in pregnancy diet; however, any sort of unpasteurized milk is strictly negative.

  8. Sprouts and raw vegetables should be avoided. However, these can be eaten if shallow fried.

  9. One major setback for coffee addicts is that caffeine intake is required to be lowered to minimum amounts; that is, not more than one cup a day.

    • Herbal tea

    • Supplements

    • Saccharine

    • Canned food as well as street food.

There are many more little details that should be taken care of but this list would be handy for newly pregnant women. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dietitian-nutritionist.

4053 people found this helpful

Botox - Is It Really Beneficial?

Diploma In Trichology - Cosmetology, PG Diploma In Clinical Cosmetology (PGDCC), Diploma In Aesthetic Mesotherapy, PG Diploma In Clinical Research
Aesthetic Medicine Specialist, Ahmedabad
Botox - Is It Really Beneficial?

Are you planning on undertaking a cosmetic procedure for rejuvenating your skin? Botox treatment is considered to be effective for this purpose. Botox is a drug made from a certain neurotoxin, and it is produced by a bacteria known as Clostridium botulinum. Botox is also used for medical purposes, especially for the treatment of muscle related conditions. It is primarily used for removing wrinkles via a procedure in which your facial muscles are temporarily relaxed.

Major uses
Except for reducing the appearance of your wrinkles and facial lines, which appear because of aging, botox is used for the treatment of conditions which include leaky bladders, migraines, excessive sweating, and eye squints. Over 20 medical conditions utilize botox as a part of treatment.

How it works?
Botulinum toxin or botox is a poisonous substance. A single gram of botox can kill over one million people. But it acts as an ideal therapeutic protein when utilized in a proper, required dosage.

About botox procedure
Botulinum toxin powder is diluted in saline to be administered. It is injected into a patient’s neuromuscular tissue and takes around 72 hours to show results. This time reflects the amount of time that is required for disruption of your body’s usual synaptosomal process. It takes around 5 days for the full effect of botox treatment to show. Pregnant or lactating women, and people who are allergic to it from a previous treatment should avoid any form of botox treatment.

Side effects and associated risks
Although injections containing botox are well tolerated, there are several side effects involved. They are as follows:

  • A person having a genetic predisposition in which a mild, transient response to botox is received. Some patients taking type A botox injections are likely to develop antibodies to the toxins. This makes the treatment ineffective. Antibody development is also indicated in cases of patients taking a type B botox injection for treating cervical dystonia.
  • Along with the intended effects, botulinum toxin may cause some other side effects, which are quite undesirable. They may include headache, malaise, mild cases of nausea, transient numbness, mild pain, local edema and erythema at the site where the injection is given.
  • Temporary fatigue, of your surrounding musculature are also likely because of the toxin and its actions.
  • Temporary upper lid and brow ptosis or drooping is another side effect involved with botox.

The results obtained from treatment by type B botox is said to be more effective than botox A treatment. You may expect better results when your muscles remain contracted instead of being relaxed. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist and ask a free question.

2634 people found this helpful

All About Hives

Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL), MBBS
Dermatologist, Rewari
All About Hives

If stressed, consuming certain food and medications can trigger skin rashes. This kind of rash is called hives. It is also known as urticaria. Anyone can be affected by hives, at least 20% of people are affected by hives at some time or the other in their lives. The itching could be severe or mild. It starts as a patch of scaly white skin that develops into red welts over time. To make sure the itching does not worsen, scratching, emotional stress, alcoholic drinks and exercise should be avoided.

Symptoms:

  1. Itchy bumps that are raised and are either red or flesh coloured
  2. If the hive is pressed in the middle, the skin whitens this symptom is called blanching.
  3. The hive formation can appear anywhere, disappear and then reappear somewhere else.

Common Triggers:

  1. Certain food like shellfish, eggs, peanuts and other nuts
  2. Certain medicines like antibiotics, ibuprofen and aspirin
  3. Insect bites or stings
  4. Physical causes like pressure, sun exposure, cold, exercise and heat
  5. Latex
  6. Blood transfusions
  7. Bacterial infections
  8. Pet allergens
  9. Viral infections like the common cold, hepatitis and infectious mononucleosis
  10. Certain plants like poison ivy and poison oak
  11. Pollen

Treatment:
There is no distinct cure for hives. But you can control its symptoms in the following ways:

  1. Antihistamines help in blocking histamines, which cause the allergy symptoms. Non sedating or low sedating Antihistamines will be mostly recommended by your doctor.
  2. If episodes of hives are several, it may require limited treatment with prednisone. Prednisone will be able to lessen the symptoms.
  3. If the symptoms get severe enough so much so that it swells up your tongue and you have problem breathing, then the doctor might prescribe an epinephrine. However, these symptoms can mean another thing, an anaphylaxis shock. Epinephrine is the only treatment for an anaphylaxis shock.

Prevention:
If what caused hives to break out is figured out, then measures should be taken to avoid or eliminate the triggers.

  1. Avoid eating food items that triggered the symptoms in the first place
  2. If harsh soaps, frequent bathing cause hives, they should be avoided
  3. Tight clothing should be avoided
  4. If cold triggers hives, then wear warm clothing, wrap a scarf and do not swim in cold water.
  5. Avoid sun exposure and wear sunblock
  6. If a specific medication is causing the hives, inform your doctor. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.
2634 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello doctor, I was so angry and tasted harpic but not swallowed. Later cleaned and brushed. Since that day, I started feeling dryness, irritation in my throat. Please suggest medicines. This happened a week back. Will it affect health and throat? Please suggest.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma in Psychological Medicine, Diplomate in professional psychotherapy
Psychiatrist, Nadiad
Harpic ingestion or tasting. Can not cause that much symptoms. Ingestin of Harpic - that thinking shows depression or suffering you are going through. It is good for you to consult psychiatrist who will for short time treat you with antidepressnat medication n you will be alright. Do not worry.
1 person found this helpful

Do I need to worry if I have accidentally eaten Fungal bread, I ate it in the morning and it's about to 7'O clock. I don't feel any symptoms of sickness or something like that.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Jaipur
Haritaki churna with 1 glass of warm water for 2 to 3 days at night .before sleep. It will remove toxins of intestine .since haritaki is anti fungal.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?