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Poisoning: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

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How is the treatment done?

Poisoning is a life-threatening act. An act of poisoning takes place when any substance that creates a detuning, interfering the normal body functioning when either injected, absorbed, inhaled or swallowed. The process of treatment in order to deal and cure harm caused by poisons is known as toxicology. Poisoning requires immediate treatment. If you come across a person poisoned by any means and showing dreadful symptoms, you should take the person immediately to the hospital or call for an ambulance. However, in case the person does not show any symptom but has swallowed or inhaled serious poison, it is recommended to get a medical help as soon as possible.

Poison can be of various categories. Toxic chemicals like cyanide, paint, phenyl if accidentally reaches inside a human body, it acts as a poison and can kill the person. On the other hand, some medicines and food substances also can be poisonous, like some specific mushroom are poisonous in nature, drinking water with chemicals can be harmful too.

Medicines prescribed by the doctor to treat heart disease, nervous problem or drugs that prevent blood clotting can be poisonous to health if taken in excess amount. Even intake of an excess proportion of Vitamin A and D may lead to liver failure.

The symptoms of poisoning vary greatly. It may cause pain or can be painless too, can slow or increase the heart rate of the victim, stimulate the breathing or reduce it, losing muscle control or muscle twitching, drooling, blurred vision or disorientation.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Do not wait for the symptoms to evolve. If you come across any person who has taken any substance that can be harmful and poisonous, take the person to the hospital. Even if the person did not take any substance that looks harmful in your eyes, but anyhow has tried to harm himself or herself, a doctor check-up is mostly recommended.

Until the medical help arrives, you must conduct necessary first aid. For a person who has swallowed something poisonous, check and wash away the remaining material from inside the person's mouth. For poison that has affected the skin or eyes, a shower or gentle flush in the region is recommended primarily. For a victim who has inhaled poison, get him some fresh air immediately.

The doctor would examine and investigate the entire history and will further conduct few medical tests. These tests would determine the cause of the poisoning. The tests include blood tests to check the poison in the blood, electrocardiogram to check the condition of the heart and often a CT scan is also done.

Treatment is dependent on the cause of the poisoning. Activated charcoal is used as an agent to treat someone poisoned. The advantage of the charcoal is that it binds the poison and controls getting further absorbed into the bloodline.

Sedatives are for people who are agitated. Anti-epileptic medicines are especially for ones with seizure fits. Antidotes are used to reverse the effect of the poison or stop the effect of poison. In case the person stops breathing or suffering from excess difficulty in breathing, ventilators are used to facilitate the breathing process.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you are the victim of any substance that is harmful or poisonous for you, treatment is essential.

Are there any side effects?

If you are not exposed to any harmful substance, you are not eligible or do not need this treatment.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Activated charcoal often used to treat poisoning has multiple side effects like black stools, constipation, a tendency to vomiting, black tongue and diarrhoea. However, side effects of antidote are more or less the same like rashes, vomiting, and nausea.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The recovery rests on the severity of the condition. For victims who received medical help after a long time, chances of his survival is rare. However, on the other hand, if treated properly and immediately, recovery is attained much faster.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The overall cost behind the treatment is subject to the cause and the condition of the patient. Thus it hugely differs from case to case. Each cause calls for a different treatment procedure, and so do the treatment cost.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The recovery rests on the severity of the condition of the victim. Most of the toxic agents are reversible in nature and do not cause permanent damage, whereas some of the substances or poison leads to permanent damage with no chances of recovery.

Popular Questions & Answers

My father is suffering from sepsis with septic shock, aki with ckd ,ami with dcld, diabetic foot ulcer with diabetes for 15 years and post covid complications. Currently he is in icu .what are the chances of his survival?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
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One can not opine such a thing without having detailed medical history, examination and all reports. Ask treating conultatant.
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My baby is 2 month old, he was having loose motion Dr. suggests isomil and stopped breastfeeding but after 5 days he had blood in stool so my pediatrician replaced isomil with lactodex formula. Now there is no blood in stool but he developed fever vomit and loose motion after that. Now Dr. again suggest to go only on isomil and ni breastfeeding.

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Hi lybrate-user, symptoms you have described indicates gut infection, its better to rule out sepsis by doing certain blood test, please visit your pediatrician for physical examination of baby. For further enquiries you can consult me privately.

My mom (51 years) detected with skin tb. She has completed her intensive phase without any issue. But as soon as she started akt 3 (rifampicin, isoniazid and ethambutol) she started vomiting. This is her 4 month running. She vomits everyday. Can she stop the medicine?

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Hello, akt once started needs to be continued for 6 to 9 months. You could do a liver function test blood test just so as to see if akt has caused any hepatic disfunction which is a known side effect of akt and make sure she takes the tablets in 1...

What if one consume these medicines without having tb disease? Isoniazid (inh) rifampin (rif) ethambutol (emb) pyrazinamide (pza)

MD - Pulmonary Medicine, EDRAM
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Antibiotics are associated with lots of side effects like nause vomiting dyspepsia, thembocytopenia, rash and hepatic failure you will get resistance to these drugs meaning in future, that they might not work against the pathogen they are made for.
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