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Overview

Pain: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

According to the International Association for the Study of Pains, “pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with the actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage.” Pains can be experienced in any part of the body, be it arms, legs, head, feet, hands, stomach, abdomen or any other. Pains can be of two types- acute pain and chronic pain. Acute pain is when you feel sudden and severe pain in any part of your body. You may feel it during injury, surgery or sickness. Triggered by tissue damage, this pain goes away after a certain period of time. Chronic pain itself is considered as a health condition. It lasts for a very long time and you might not be able to understand the treason behind it. Simple pain relieving medications work in 20% - 70% of the cases. If medications do not work, you have the option to go for physio therapy, massage therapy, chiropractic or surgery.

How is the treatment done?

Muscle pain is one of the most common kinds of pain. It could be due to muscle cramps, repetitive strain injuries, influenza and other diseases. The first thing you must do after you experience pain is consult a physician. A physician will diagnose the cause of your pain and suggest the remedy accordingly. Medications are known to cure most cases of pain. There over the counter pain relievers like aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen available to get over the pain you are going through. In more severe cases, morphine or fentanyl may be prescribed. If medications do not work, you can try physio therapy. A physio therapist will suggest and assist you in doing a range of exercises that you must do regularly to gain the mobility of your painful boy part back. Availing professional massage might be of help as it may soothe some pains. Chiropractic is a treatment that works for disorders of musculoskeletal system specially the spinal cord. In extreme cases, you may have to go for surgeries to resolve your troubles.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you have been experiencing pain in any body part for more than a week, you must not ignore it. Consult a physician, diagnose its cause and get it cured.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Short termed, mild pains do not need to be treated by professionally. Wait for 2-3 days before consulting a doctor.

Are there any side effects?

Some strong medications may result in redness, itching or irritation in skin. You may also feel heavy headed and nausea after consuming certain medications. There is nothing to be concerned about. However, if the effects linger, do consult a doctor.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

You must keep exercising regularly and keep your body active. Consume a healthy diet filled with fresh fruits, vegetables, dairy products, pulses etc. The food you eat determines the condition of your body.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery time period depends on the organ where you are experiencing pain and the severity of your condition.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Price of the treatment depends on the kind of treatment you may have to undergo and the the severity of your condition.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are mostly permanent if you do not suffer from any other chronic disease.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

You can try home massages, hot/ cold treatments or some special foods known to relive pains in the areas you are struggling with.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 100 - Rs 2,000

Popular Health Tips

Ear Infections - Common Signs You Are Suffering From It!

Master in Audiology & Speech language Pathology
Audiologist, Ranchi
Ear Infections - Common Signs You Are Suffering From It!

The structure of the ear can be broadly divided into three parts; the outer ear or visible part, the middle ear and the inner ear. The middle ear is highly susceptible to bacterial and viral infections. Ear infections can affect infants, children and adults. Ear infections are triggered by the blockage or swelling of tubes within the ear. These tubes are known as eustachian tubes.

This may be caused by:

  • Allergies
  • Sinus infections
  • Cold or flu
  • Excessive mucus
  • Smoking
  • Swollen adenoids or an adenoid infection
  • Change in air pressure

Symptoms of an ear infection may be noticed in one or both ears. These symptoms vary from person to person. In some cases, they may come and go while in others, they can be experienced for a long stretch of time. In most cases, symptoms of a chronic ear infection are less noticeable as compared to an acute ear infection.

Some of the most common ear infection symptoms are:

  • Ear painIn the case of an ear infection in only one ear, the pain may be mild but if it has affected both ears, the patient can be caused considerable pain in the ears. This pain is usually more severe when the patient is lying down.
  • Discharge of pus from the ears: Ear infections that affect the eardrum can cause fluid or pus to flow out of the ears. In some cases, there may also be a little bleeding. Do not plug the ears to keep this discharge from flowing as it can aggravate the infection further.
  • Loss of hearingA blockage in the middle ear can make sounds appear muffled. This can temporarily affect hearing. It is usually relieved when the infection is cured.
  • Sensation of pressure in the ear canal: The buildup of fluid within the ear canal can make it feel full and create a sense of pressure. If the infection affects only one ear, this pressure can cause a sense of dis-balance.
  • Fussiness in young infants: Ear infections can be very painful and uncomfortable for young infants. It can make it difficult for them to sleep, make them cranky and more irritable than usual.
  • FeverEar infections can cause a fever that is often higher than 100 degrees. If it crosses 102 degrees, a doctor must be consulted immediately.
  • Loss of balance: The ears not only help us hear but also influence our sense of balance. A middle ear infection can cause dizziness, vertigo and nausea.
     
2 people found this helpful

Articular Cartilage Injury - Know Its Causes and Treatment Options!

M S Ortho, D - Ortho, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Articular Cartilage Injury - Know Its Causes and Treatment Options!

What is Articular Cartilage Injury? 
Cartilage is an important structural unit of the body. It is present in places like the joints, the spine, the end of ribs, in the bronchial tubes, and the ear and the nose. Cartilages are firm, but flexible tissues. There are many types of cartilages found in the body. Among them articular cartilages are the ones that are present on the surface of the bones. As the name suggests articular cartilages exist to render articulation to the bones and retain their lubrication. Complexities arise when these cartilages are damaged, behind which many causes can play an active role. For example, a sport injury can damage the cartilages around the knees. Other causes include the twisting of the Anterior cruciate ligament and a progressive knee injury. Articular Cartilage Injury can also be an isolated event. 

Since there are no blood vessels in the cartilages, it takes quite long for them to heal. Symptoms Pain and inflammation of the knee Locking of the knee Generation of noises when the knee is moved 

Treatment 
The best treatment option for damaged cartilages is RICE therapy if the injury is not too severe. rice can be broken down into Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. 

  1. Rest: One needs to rest the affected area in order to prevent further injury. However, Rest does not indicate complete immobility. One needs to put as much strain as is within one’s capacity. 
  2. Ice: Ice must be applied on the affected area every 15 minutes following injury for at least 48 hours. Ice works as a vasoconstrictor, as well as a pain reliever. 
  3. Compression: The next step is wrapping a bandage around the affected area. But it is to be remembered that the compression must not be too tight. Compression reduces inflammation and it also safeguards the joint from injury. Professional help might be sought to properly bandage the area. 
  4. Elevation: After the area has been bound well, the leg has to be raised to prevent the fluid from accumulating in the affected area. The leg must remain in that position for as long as the doctor recommends. 
  5. Ibuprofen or pain killers might be prescribed to the patient. 

For severe cases, interventional methods like osteochondritis dissecans surgery might be attempted. The objective of this surgery is to attach the detached fragment. Another surgery that works to restore the damaged cartilage is marrow stem cell transplant whereby the stem cell is implanted in the cartilage defect. Multiple arthroscopic modalities of treatment are now available for cartilage repair which are customised according to the specific condition.

Radiofrequency Ablation For Trigeminal Neuralgia!

MD,DNB, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Fellowship In Pain Management
Pain Management Specialist, Mumbai

Trigeminal Neuralgia is a type of chronic pain disorder, which affects the trigeminal nerve. There are mainly two types:

Typical Trigeminal Neuralgia and Atypical Trigeminal Neuralgia.

The typical form or this disorder results in certain episodes of severe, sudden, shock-like pain in one side of the face, which lasts for seconds to few minutes.

Symptoms

Trigeminal Neuralgia may have symptoms which include one or more of patterns like the following:

  • Some episodes of severe,
  • Shooting pain which may seem like an electric shock.

A person might come across spontaneous attacks of pain or even attacks which might get triggered by certain things like touching the face, chewing, speaking or even while brushing the teeth.

Causes

When trigeminal neuralgia occurs, the trigeminal nerve’s function gets disrupted. The problem occurs through a contact between an artery or a vein and the trigeminal nerve at the base of one’s brain. This contact puts pressure on the nerve, thus causing it to malfunction.

Trigeminal Neuralgia can occur due to people getting aged or due to any kind of disorder that causes damage to the myelin sheath that protects certain nerves. A number of triggers can lead to the pain of trigeminal neuralgia, which include:

  • While shaving
  • When someone touches one’s face.
  • When a person is eating something.
  • While brushing teeth
  • Smiling
  • Washing one’s face.

What Is Radiofrequency Ablation for Trigeminal Neuralgia?

Radiofrequency Ablation or RFA is a technique by way of surgery, which helps to direct high-frequency heat on to the targeted areas of the body, such as tumors and tissues. When a person suffers chronic pain that means the high-frequency heat is getting targeted to the nerves.

A person suffering from trigeminal neuralgia, would have his or her doctor, who is a neurosurgeon, uses radiofrequency ablation to hit the trigeminal nerve, thereby destroying the nerve’s ability to get the pain signals transmitted to one’s brain.

Medication is the first line of treatment for trigeminal neuralgia by a neurosurgeon, to see how the patient reacts. If that person suffers from severe pain in the face and does not show any improvement through medication, then the doctor might recommend him/her to go for radiofrequency ablation surgery.

How Is The Procedure Conducted?

During the radiofrequency ablation for trigeminal neuralgia, people remain awake and asleep at different times. The process includes:

When the patient is asleep under the influence of general anaesthesia, a neurosurgeon would carefully place a needle through the corner of one’s mouth in order to reach the trigeminal nerve, which lies at the base of the skull. Then, once the X-rays confirm the needle is right in place, the neurosurgeon would wake the patient up, stimulate the nerve and ask the patient if he or she could feel the stimulation exactly at the place where the pain is experienced. This particular step confirms that the doctor has hit the right location. Once, the patient gets back to sleep, the doctor uses radiofrequency heat to minimally injure the nerve, sufficiently enough to induce a numb feeling on the face along with tingling, thus take the pain away.

4362 people found this helpful

All About Rotator Cuff Injury

FFSEM, MFSEM, DIP - SEM GB & I, MCh - Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
All About Rotator Cuff Injury

A group of tendons and muscles that surround the shoulder joint are known as rotator cuff muscles. These muscles allow the tip of the upper arm to be fixated on the shoulder socket. Rotator cuff injuries tend to occur if you perform repetitive movements overhead with professional such as carpenters, tennis players and painters are at the highest risk of this injury.

The muscles that constitute the rotator cuff are:

  1. Teres minor
  2. Infraspinatus
  3. Supraspinatus
  4. Subscapularis

The primary function of the muscles mentioned above is to work together in stabilizing the shoulder joint. A rotator cuff injury leads to problems in these muscles and may lead to impaired functioning of the shoulder.

The symptoms of rotator cuff injury are:

  1. You may experience pain when you move your shoulder
  2. An inability to lift your arm overhead
  3. You may hear clicking sounds while moving your shoulder
  4. You may face difficulties in performing activities such as swimming and painting

Causes:
Rotator cuff injury may result from the following causes

  1. Calcific tendonitis: This condition is characterized by accumulation of calcium in the rotator cuff tendon. It results in stressing the tendon which causes you to experience pain.
  2. Rotator cuff tears: Tears may occur in the rotator cuff muscles that may be complete or partial in nature. Lifting heavy weights while doing shoulder exercises may cause these tears.
  3. Subacromial impingement: Any activity that requires you to lift your arm up causes the humeral head (arm bone head) to be pushed down below the rotator cuff. If the humeral head is not in its position, then it may result in pain.

Treatment:
This condition is treated by using various methods, such as medications and physiotherapy. NSAIDs are prescribed to treat the pain along with various physiotherapeutic exercises to strengthen the joints. In severe cases, surgery may be required to fix the injury. It is recommended to balance the shoulder muscle strength by focusing on exercises that work the rotator cuff. Any external rotation movement helps in strengthening the rotator cuff.

4 people found this helpful

Arthritis Of The Shoulder- What Are The Symptoms and Causes?

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB - Orthopedics & Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Arthritis Of The Shoulder- What Are The Symptoms and Causes?

Arthritis is a common ailment that affects a majority of adults across the globe. It can affect any joint in the body and cause inflammation, pain, and swelling. When arthritis affects the shoulders, it causes stiffness, pain, and lack of movement.

Signs and symptoms of arthritis of the shoulder:
The only symptom caused by shoulder arthritis is a pain, which, in turn, causes a limited range of motion. It is worth discussing these symptoms in detail:

The Symptoms-

  1. Pain: Any kind of activity concerning the shoulder aggravates the pain and it usually worsens with the passage of time. When arthritis affects the glenohumeral shoulder joint, the pain is mostly felt at the back of the shoulder and tends to get more severe with weather changes. Many patients also complain of pain present deep in the joint. On the other hand, the pain of arthritis in the acromioclavicular joint is centred on the topmost part of the shoulder. In some people, rheumatoid arthritis affects the entire shoulder when both acromioclavicular and glenohumeral shoulder joints are affected.
  2. Lack of motion: The pain caused by arthritis of the shoulder leads to a limited range of motion and it may be difficult to take part in a common day to day activities as well. People affected with arthritis of the shoulder are not able to lift their arm or comb their hair or pick up something from the ground. There could also be a snapping sound when one tries to move his or her shoulder.

But not all individuals affected by shoulder arthritis have pain and loss of range of motion. Some people having severe joint problems have very few symptoms.

Causes of Arthritis of the Shoulder!
Age is one of the most compelling causes of shoulder arthritis as it generally affects people aged over 50 years. However, it may also occur in younger individuals after experiencing a trauma or injury such as an accident or fracture or dislocation or severe infection. Arthritis of the A-C joints affects younger people while that of the G-H joint affects older people though there can be exceptions as well. Also, arthritis is genetic as well which means in a family affected with arthritis, every individual possesses a risk of being affected by it. Other causes of arthritis include:

  1. Gout: Gout is arthritis that occurs when there is an accumulation of excess uric acid.
  2. Juvenile arthritis: This kind of arthritis leads to pain, swelling and stiffness in the shoulders.
  3. Rheumatoid arthritis: This is a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints which takes place when the immune system instead of shielding the body from foreign bodies, attacks the thin membrane lining of the joints.

Although there is no treatment that can absolutely cure arthritis of the shoulder, numerous pain management options are available. It is important to talk to an expert and decide which course of action can offer maximum relief.

Popular Questions & Answers

I face a pain in my testicles when I sleep without an underwear. It starts from little itching and then becomes painful throughout the area. Thereafter, it goes on to penis also. Can I consult a dermatologist for the same?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Agra
Consult a dermatologist and surgeon if required Get your blood sugar done Share your reports for further information let me know your progress.

I've been having lower back pain for three months now, ever since went to the gym and ran on the treadmill. There's been days when my lower back just really hurts and it's hard to sit or lay down.

MBBS, DNB - Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedist, Indore
Most common cause of low back pain in young age is because of bad posture during gyming! please take care while go for gym A proper posture is a mandatory for it Regarding pain medication and others Needs to ask few questions first Would suggest to go for a private chat!

I am 32 years old. Suffering from heel pain of right leg since 1 months. I can't walk properly. 2 times daily give ice on the pain area and gently massage with volini but still it is not cured. please give me suggestion. My wight is 70 kg. And I regularly do free hand exercise and yoga.

MBBS, DNB - Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedist, Indore
Dear lybrate-user As par your narration you might be suffering from some sort of arthritic problems The good part is - it is treatable The bad part is - has to evaluate you first through set of questions and examinations and then needs to confirm the diagonosis and then only can start the treatment If you dosnt wants to share things publicly Then can have a private chat Good luck.

My wife 37 years having vit D is25. All blood reports r ok. Having back pain from lower left side for last 1.5 yr. But last 15 days she is suffering server pain on back and both legs. Can not stand long time. Xray shows degenerative changes in the lumbar spine. please suggest.

BHMS, M.Sc - Clinical Nutrition, Certificate In Sports Nutrition, DNHE
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Pune
Don't worry for back pain you need at least 1-2 month treatment, along with physical exercise therapy, with homoeopathic medicine 100%results I will add some dietary advice also This is my line of treatment, book paid consultation.
1 person found this helpful

Hello doctor, my mom suffering from knee pain her age is 55 I can not able to stand or sit some times he can not feel that nee is there please tell some medicines.

MBBS, DNB - Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedist, Indore
Dear lybrate-user At the age of 55 she might be suffering from osteoarthritis knee (a severely painful knee condition) However few remedies and physiotherapy can reduce her pain But for all above we needs to evaluate het first to confirm our diagonosis Take care.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury
One of the most common knee injuries is an anterior cruciate ligament sprain or tear. If you have injured your anterior cruciate ligament, you may require surgery to regain full function of your knee. This will depend on several factors, such as the severity of your injury and your activity level.
Play video
Body Pain Related To The Posture
A great number of people suffer from the negative effects of bad posture and yet do not change the factors of their lives which cause them the problem.Symptoms of postural dysfunction may include painful and visible symptoms.
Play video
Joint Pain
Degenerative arthritis is a term synonymous with osteoarthritis, a chronic disorder that damages the cartilage and tissues surrounding a joint.As the disease progresses, new growths of bone or cartilage can enlarge the joints and cause significant pain and loss of mobility. Early treatment is important in limiting the progression of the disease.
Play video
Back Pain
A new branch in pain management allows a doctor to proceed further without surgical intervention. The complete process is under guidance of experts and the painful area is targeted first.
Play video
Improve Posture For A Healthy Back
Namaskar!

Mai Dr. Devesh, consultant surgical Neurology. Aaj apko kamar dard ke bare me btana chahta hun. Kamar dard aaj ke zamane me bhut hi common ho gya hai. Pehle iske lia 40 se upar ke marij aate the lein aaj 20 saal ke bache bhi is bimari se grasit hain. Kamar dard hone ke bhut sare karan hain. Iska karan ye hai hmari lifestyle. Hmari lifestyle bilkul bhi shi nhi hai. Bilkul bhi healthy nhi reh gyi hai. Jiski vjha se hum bhut hi kam umar me kamar dard se garasit ho jate hain. Kamar me dard hone ke bhut sare karan hain. Ek apka dincharya shi na hona, apka uthna, baithna, sone ka tarika galat hona. Dusra aap lambe samay tak baithe hue hain. Prolonged sitting is not good. Aap kbhi gir gye hai jis vjha se apki rid ki haddi me kisi trha ki koi chot aa gyi hai. Ya apka kisi trha ka cancer hai jo apki rid ki haddi me phuch gya hai. Ya kamar ki jo haddiyan hai or andar jo taar hai, usme kisi trha ki ganthe banti hain. Usme bhi kamar dard hota hai.

So, kamar dard is not a disease, it is a full syndrome. Iska bilkul ache se evaluation, along with MRI or x-ray ki help se proper diagnosis bhut jruri hai. Jyadatar 80% kamar dard ke patient apne aap thik ho jate hain with the routine treatment, proper rest, proper way in the sitting posture. Llekin jo bache hue 20% log hain usme utni sudhar nhi hoti. Or usme se bhi kuch logon ki final surgery krni pad jati hai. Jyadatar patients sirf dawa se hi thik ho jate hain. Jo degenerative spine or spondylitis bolte hain, sume hota kya hai ki rid ki haddi ki bich me jo disc hoti hai, ye fut ke bahar aa jati hai or jo aas pass ki nasen hoti hain unme dabav hone lgta hai. Is dabav ki vjha se hi, jis part ke pair ko supply kar rhi hogi, jhan niche ja rhi hogi, us hisse me dard jata hai. To kamar ke dard me ye janna jruri hai ki presentation kya hota hai. Dermato neurological examination is mandatory in all the spine patients.

Is se hume pta chalta hai ki clinical diagnosis kya hai. Agar is trha ke 100 mariz kia jaye jisme disc futti hai to usme se 80 logon ki disc, agle 3-4 hafton me ke andar apne aap kam ho jati hai or nus ka dabav khatam ho jata hai. Ye patient apne aap thik ho jate hain with normal treatment. Lekin bache hue jinme disc ka dabav bna rehta hai, usme disc ko nikalna pdta hai. Us surgery ko discectomy bolte hain. To piche se hum haddi ko katte hain or iske bhut sare tarike hain disc nikalne ke.

Dusra endoscopic tarika hota hai. Usme bhi hum ise thoda sa katte hue, andar jake ise nikalte hain. To ye sare tarike hain iske management ke . Ye to hui management ki baat. Prevention is always better than cure. To prevention ke toor pe apni lifestyle shi bnaye rkhen. Apna vajan control me rkhen apni height ke hisab se. Or morning walk ya koi bhi physical exercise jo apko suit krti hai like yoga, morning brisk walk, aerobics, regular gym hogya. But gym me koi bhi heavy weight ya power exercise nhi krni hai. Only jisme apka mobility jyada hai taki apki spine pe vjan na aaye. Ye sari baaton ka agar aap dhyan denge, hopefully apki problem delayed hoti jayegi. Aani sabko hai problem because these are degenerative spine. Umar ke sath spine ghista hi ghista hai. Lekin jistna aap ise ache se handle krege, apke spine ki life utni hi jyda hogi.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice