According to the International Association for the Study of Pains, “pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with the actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage.” Pains can be experienced in any part of the body, be it arms, legs, head, feet, hands, stomach, abdomen or any other. Pains can be of two types- acute pain and chronic pain. Acute pain is when you feel sudden and severe pain in any part of your body. You may feel it during injury, surgery or sickness. Triggered by tissue damage, this pain goes away after a certain period of time. Chronic pain itself is considered as a health condition. It lasts for a very long time and you might not be able to understand the treason behind it. Simple pain relieving medications work in 20% - 70% of the cases. If medications do not work, you have the option to go for physio therapy, massage therapy, chiropractic or surgery.
Muscle pain is one of the most common kinds of pain. It could be due to muscle cramps, repetitive strain injuries, influenza and other diseases. The first thing you must do after you experience pain is consult a physician. A physician will diagnose the cause of your pain and suggest the remedy accordingly. Medications are known to cure most cases of pain. There over the counter pain relievers like aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen available to get over the pain you are going through. In more severe cases, morphine or fentanyl may be prescribed. If medications do not work, you can try physio therapy. A physio therapist will suggest and assist you in doing a range of exercises that you must do regularly to gain the mobility of your painful boy part back. Availing professional massage might be of help as it may soothe some pains. Chiropractic is a treatment that works for disorders of musculoskeletal system specially the spinal cord. In extreme cases, you may have to go for surgeries to resolve your troubles.
If you have been experiencing pain in any body part for more than a week, you must not ignore it. Consult a physician, diagnose its cause and get it cured.
Short termed, mild pains do not need to be treated by professionally. Wait for 2-3 days before consulting a doctor.
Some strong medications may result in redness, itching or irritation in skin. You may also feel heavy headed and nausea after consuming certain medications. There is nothing to be concerned about. However, if the effects linger, do consult a doctor.
You must keep exercising regularly and keep your body active. Consume a healthy diet filled with fresh fruits, vegetables, dairy products, pulses etc. The food you eat determines the condition of your body.
The recovery time period depends on the organ where you are experiencing pain and the severity of your condition.
Price of the treatment depends on the kind of treatment you may have to undergo and the the severity of your condition.
The results of the treatment are mostly permanent if you do not suffer from any other chronic disease.
You can try home massages, hot/ cold treatments or some special foods known to relive pains in the areas you are struggling with.
Rs 100 - Rs 2,000
The structure of the ear can be broadly divided into three parts; the outer ear or visible part, the middle ear and the inner ear. The middle ear is highly susceptible to bacterial and viral infections. Ear infections can affect infants, children and adults. Ear infections are triggered by the blockage or swelling of tubes within the ear. These tubes are known as eustachian tubes.
This may be caused by:
Symptoms of an ear infection may be noticed in one or both ears. These symptoms vary from person to person. In some cases, they may come and go while in others, they can be experienced for a long stretch of time. In most cases, symptoms of a chronic ear infection are less noticeable as compared to an acute ear infection.
Some of the most common ear infection symptoms are:
What is Articular Cartilage Injury?
Cartilage is an important structural unit of the body. It is present in places like the joints, the spine, the end of ribs, in the bronchial tubes, and the ear and the nose. Cartilages are firm, but flexible tissues. There are many types of cartilages found in the body. Among them articular cartilages are the ones that are present on the surface of the bones. As the name suggests articular cartilages exist to render articulation to the bones and retain their lubrication. Complexities arise when these cartilages are damaged, behind which many causes can play an active role. For example, a sport injury can damage the cartilages around the knees. Other causes include the twisting of the Anterior cruciate ligament and a progressive knee injury. Articular Cartilage Injury can also be an isolated event.
Since there are no blood vessels in the cartilages, it takes quite long for them to heal. Symptoms Pain and inflammation of the knee Locking of the knee Generation of noises when the knee is moved
The best treatment option for damaged cartilages is RICE therapy if the injury is not too severe. rice can be broken down into Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation.
For severe cases, interventional methods like osteochondritis dissecans surgery might be attempted. The objective of this surgery is to attach the detached fragment. Another surgery that works to restore the damaged cartilage is marrow stem cell transplant whereby the stem cell is implanted in the cartilage defect. Multiple arthroscopic modalities of treatment are now available for cartilage repair which are customised according to the specific condition.
Typical Trigeminal Neuralgia and Atypical Trigeminal Neuralgia.
The typical form or this disorder results in certain episodes of severe, sudden, shock-like pain in one side of the face, which lasts for seconds to few minutes.
Trigeminal Neuralgia may have symptoms which include one or more of patterns like the following:
A person might come across spontaneous attacks of pain or even attacks which might get triggered by certain things like touching the face, chewing, speaking or even while brushing the teeth.
When trigeminal neuralgia occurs, the trigeminal nerve’s function gets disrupted. The problem occurs through a contact between an artery or a vein and the trigeminal nerve at the base of one’s brain. This contact puts pressure on the nerve, thus causing it to malfunction.
Trigeminal Neuralgia can occur due to people getting aged or due to any kind of disorder that causes damage to the myelin sheath that protects certain nerves. A number of triggers can lead to the pain of trigeminal neuralgia, which include:
What Is Radiofrequency Ablation for Trigeminal Neuralgia?
Radiofrequency Ablation or RFA is a technique by way of surgery, which helps to direct high-frequency heat on to the targeted areas of the body, such as tumors and tissues. When a person suffers chronic pain that means the high-frequency heat is getting targeted to the nerves.
A person suffering from trigeminal neuralgia, would have his or her doctor, who is a neurosurgeon, uses radiofrequency ablation to hit the trigeminal nerve, thereby destroying the nerve’s ability to get the pain signals transmitted to one’s brain.
Medication is the first line of treatment for trigeminal neuralgia by a neurosurgeon, to see how the patient reacts. If that person suffers from severe pain in the face and does not show any improvement through medication, then the doctor might recommend him/her to go for radiofrequency ablation surgery.
How Is The Procedure Conducted?
During the radiofrequency ablation for trigeminal neuralgia, people remain awake and asleep at different times. The process includes:
When the patient is asleep under the influence of general anaesthesia, a neurosurgeon would carefully place a needle through the corner of one’s mouth in order to reach the trigeminal nerve, which lies at the base of the skull. Then, once the X-rays confirm the needle is right in place, the neurosurgeon would wake the patient up, stimulate the nerve and ask the patient if he or she could feel the stimulation exactly at the place where the pain is experienced. This particular step confirms that the doctor has hit the right location. Once, the patient gets back to sleep, the doctor uses radiofrequency heat to minimally injure the nerve, sufficiently enough to induce a numb feeling on the face along with tingling, thus take the pain away.
A group of tendons and muscles that surround the shoulder joint are known as rotator cuff muscles. These muscles allow the tip of the upper arm to be fixated on the shoulder socket. Rotator cuff injuries tend to occur if you perform repetitive movements overhead with professional such as carpenters, tennis players and painters are at the highest risk of this injury.
The muscles that constitute the rotator cuff are:
The primary function of the muscles mentioned above is to work together in stabilizing the shoulder joint. A rotator cuff injury leads to problems in these muscles and may lead to impaired functioning of the shoulder.
The symptoms of rotator cuff injury are:
Rotator cuff injury may result from the following causes
This condition is treated by using various methods, such as medications and physiotherapy. NSAIDs are prescribed to treat the pain along with various physiotherapeutic exercises to strengthen the joints. In severe cases, surgery may be required to fix the injury. It is recommended to balance the shoulder muscle strength by focusing on exercises that work the rotator cuff. Any external rotation movement helps in strengthening the rotator cuff.
Arthritis is a common ailment that affects a majority of adults across the globe. It can affect any joint in the body and cause inflammation, pain, and swelling. When arthritis affects the shoulders, it causes stiffness, pain, and lack of movement.
Signs and symptoms of arthritis of the shoulder:
The only symptom caused by shoulder arthritis is a pain, which, in turn, causes a limited range of motion. It is worth discussing these symptoms in detail:
But not all individuals affected by shoulder arthritis have pain and loss of range of motion. Some people having severe joint problems have very few symptoms.
Causes of Arthritis of the Shoulder!
Age is one of the most compelling causes of shoulder arthritis as it generally affects people aged over 50 years. However, it may also occur in younger individuals after experiencing a trauma or injury such as an accident or fracture or dislocation or severe infection. Arthritis of the A-C joints affects younger people while that of the G-H joint affects older people though there can be exceptions as well. Also, arthritis is genetic as well which means in a family affected with arthritis, every individual possesses a risk of being affected by it. Other causes of arthritis include:
Although there is no treatment that can absolutely cure arthritis of the shoulder, numerous pain management options are available. It is important to talk to an expert and decide which course of action can offer maximum relief.