Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Pain: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

According to the International Association for the Study of Pains, “pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with the actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage.” Pains can be experienced in any part of the body, be it arms, legs, head, feet, hands, stomach, abdomen or any other. Pains can be of two types- acute pain and chronic pain. Acute pain is when you feel sudden and severe pain in any part of your body. You may feel it during injury, surgery or sickness. Triggered by tissue damage, this pain goes away after a certain period of time. Chronic pain itself is considered as a health condition. It lasts for a very long time and you might not be able to understand the treason behind it. Simple pain relieving medications work in 20% - 70% of the cases. If medications do not work, you have the option to go for physio therapy, massage therapy, chiropractic or surgery.

How is the treatment done?

Muscle pain is one of the most common kinds of pain. It could be due to muscle cramps, repetitive strain injuries, influenza and other diseases. The first thing you must do after you experience pain is consult a physician. A physician will diagnose the cause of your pain and suggest the remedy accordingly. Medications are known to cure most cases of pain. There over the counter pain relievers like aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen available to get over the pain you are going through. In more severe cases, morphine or fentanyl may be prescribed. If medications do not work, you can try physio therapy. A physio therapist will suggest and assist you in doing a range of exercises that you must do regularly to gain the mobility of your painful boy part back. Availing professional massage might be of help as it may soothe some pains. Chiropractic is a treatment that works for disorders of musculoskeletal system specially the spinal cord. In extreme cases, you may have to go for surgeries to resolve your troubles.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you have been experiencing pain in any body part for more than a week, you must not ignore it. Consult a physician, diagnose its cause and get it cured.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Short termed, mild pains do not need to be treated by professionally. Wait for 2-3 days before consulting a doctor.

Are there any side effects?

Some strong medications may result in redness, itching or irritation in skin. You may also feel heavy headed and nausea after consuming certain medications. There is nothing to be concerned about. However, if the effects linger, do consult a doctor.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

You must keep exercising regularly and keep your body active. Consume a healthy diet filled with fresh fruits, vegetables, dairy products, pulses etc. The food you eat determines the condition of your body.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery time period depends on the organ where you are experiencing pain and the severity of your condition.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Price of the treatment depends on the kind of treatment you may have to undergo and the the severity of your condition.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are mostly permanent if you do not suffer from any other chronic disease.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

You can try home massages, hot/ cold treatments or some special foods known to relive pains in the areas you are struggling with.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 100 - Rs 2,000

Popular Health Tips

Ways To Treat Plantar Fasciitis!

MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Indore
Ways To Treat Plantar Fasciitis!

Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of pain on the bottom of the heel.

Plantar fasciitis occurs when the strong band of tissue that supports the arch of your foot becomes irritated and inflamed. The plantar fascia is a long, thin ligament that lies directly beneath the skin on the bottom of your foot. It connects the heel to the front of your foot and supports the arch of your foot. The plantar fascia is designed to absorb the high stresses and strains we place on our feet. But, sometimes, too much pressure damages or tears the tissues. The body's natural response to injury is inflammation, which results in the heel pain and stiffness of plantar fasciitis. In most cases, plantar fasciitis develops without a specific, identifiable reason.

There are, however, many factors that can make you more prone to the condition:

  • Tighter calf muscles that make it difficult to flex your foot and bring your toes up toward your shin 
  • Obesity 
  • Very high arch 
  • Repetitive impact activity (running/sports) 
  • New or increased activity

Although many people with plantar fasciitis have heel spurs, spurs are not the cause of plantar fasciitis pain. Because the spur is not the cause of plantar fasciitis, the pain can be treated without removing the spur.

The most common symptoms of plantar fasciitis include:

  • Pain on the bottom of the foot near the heel 
  • Pain with the first few steps after getting out of bed in the morning, or after a long period of rest, such as after a long car ride. The pain subsides after a few minutes of walking 
  • Greater pain after (not during) exercise or activity


X-rays provide clear images of bones. They are useful in ruling out other causes of heel pain, such as fractures or arthritis. Heel spurs can be seen on an x-ray.

Other imaging tests, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound, are not routinely used to diagnose plantar fasciitis. They are rarely ordered. An MRI scan may be used if the heel pain is not relieved by initial treatment methods.


  • More than 90% of patients with plantar fasciitis will improve within 10 months of starting simple treatment methods.
  • Rest. Decreasing or even stopping the activities that make the pain worse is the first step in reducing the pain. You may need to stop athletic activities where your feet pound on hard surfaces (for example, running or step aerobics).
  • Ice. Rolling your foot over a cold water bottle or ice for 20 minutes is effective. This can be done 3 to 4 times a day.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication. Drugs such as ibuprofen or naproxen reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Exercise. Plantar fasciitis is aggravated by tight muscles in your feet and calves. Stretching your calves and plantar fascia is the most effective way to relieve the pain that comes with this condition.
  • Calf stretch
  • Plantar fascia stretch
  • Cortisone injections
  • Supportive shoes and orthotics
  • Night Splints
  • Physical therapy
  • Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT)
  • Surgery is considered only after 12 months of aggressive nonsurgical treatment.

Flatulence - How Can It Be Managed?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Flatulence - How Can It Be Managed?

Flatulence, known as farting, is a medical term for releasing gas from the digestive system through the anus. It occurs when gas collects inside the digestive system; however, one should not worry because it is a normal process.

Flatulence is due to swallowed air, the breakdown of undigested foods, lactose intolerance, and malabsorption of certain foods. Some foods that increase gas include beans, cabbage, broccoli, raisins, lentil, prunes, apples, and foods that are high in fructose or sorbitol, such as fruit juices. These foods can take a long time to digest, leading to the unpleasant smell associated with flatulence.If this condition is in excess, it can be because of various pathological conditions, such as constipation, gastroenteritis, irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease, diabetes, ulcerative colitis, GERD, peptic ulcers, etc.

About 99% of the volume of flatus is composed of non-smelly gases. These include oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen and methane. Volume range of normal flatus is around 476–1,491 mL per 24 hours. The normal range of flatus episodes is given as 8–20 per day.

Usually, this condition presents with increased frequency or excessive instances of passing gas, belching, foul-smelling gas production, abdominal bloating and/or abdominal pain or discomfort.

Medical help should be considered if you experience symptoms, such as severe cramps, fever, diarrhea, bloody stools, nausea, and vomiting and/or right-sided abdominal pain along with gas or flatulence.

Flatulence can be diagnosed in the following ways:

Diagnosis is made with the help of the patient's history and physical examination.

Most of the times tests are not required, but if required analysis of patients' breath and flatus (gas passed out of the rectum) tests are done. Other tests, such as colonoscopy, X-rays and/or CT scans are rarely performed; it depends on the case.

Flatulence can be managed in the following ways:

  1. Most commonly antibiotic treatment, increased dietary fiber intake, and probiotics in the diet are advised. In other conditions, such as IBS and Crohn’s disease, additional medications are given. Also, over-the-counter (OTC) medications are given, which include compounds such as Beano (an OTC that contains sugar–digestive enzyme), antacids, and activated charcoal.
  2. Excessive flatulence can be reduced or prevented by avoiding dairy products if an individual is the lactose intolerant, by modifying eating habits, and by avoiding carbohydrates which are difficult to digest (instead of those you can add potatoes, rice, and bananas in your diet as the substitutes).
  3. Eat small meals frequently which help in digestion.
  4. Chew food properly. Restrain activities which may increase the amount of air that you swallow.
  5. Do exercise. It helps improve digestion and prevent flatulence.
  6. Some foods which help reduce gas are ginger, raw honey (not for infants and children under the age of 1 year), yogurt, peppermint, water, cinnamon, flaxseed, pineapple, fennel, and juices made from kale, spinach, or cucumbers.
2604 people found this helpful

Perforated Eardrum Pain - Things You Need To Be Aware Of!

Master in Audiology & Speech language Pathology
Audiologist, Ranchi
Perforated Eardrum Pain - Things You Need To Be Aware Of!

The eardrum is a thin tissue stretched across the ear canal. It protects the inner ear and plays an important role in our ability to hear and recognise sounds. However, because of its delicate construction, it may be perforated or ruptured due to an infection, trauma or damage to the ear. Symptoms of a perforated eardrum include a ringing noise in the ears, vertigo, hearing loss and fluid or blood in the ear canal.

Here are a few tips to deal with perforated eardrum pain.

  • Keep the ear dry: If you have a ruptured eardrum, you may bathe and shower normally but do not allow water or soap to enter the ears. Placing a wad of cotton or gauze over the ear can help protect the ear. While showering you may hold the cotton in place with your finger by applying light pressure on the same. Do not press it too hard or try to plug the ear completely. Some water may fall off your fingers but this will be absorbed by the cotton and will not enter the ear. Remove this cotton or gauze only after you have finished towelling yourself.
  • Do not plug the ears: It is a normal reaction to plug the ears with cotton or gauze if you notice blood or any other fluid flowing from the ear. However, this should never be done. Plugging the ears will trap the fluid within the ear and promote bacterial infections. This can aggravate the perforation even further. Instead, keep the ear canal open and as dry as possible. Slowly the bleeding will cease and a clot will be formed on its own.
  • Rest: As far as possible avoid travelling if you have a ruptured eardrum. Instead, stay at home and get some rest. Though the rest of your body may feel fine, it needs rest and recuperation to build up its immunity and heal. Try to lie on your side so that the ear with the perforated eardrum facing downwards. This will help the blood and fluids accumulated inside drain out.
  • Take the prescribed medicine: A ruptured eardrum can be painful and hence your doctor is likely to prescribe pain relievers. Follow this prescription strictly and continue taking the medication until the course is completed. Do not stop midway without consulting your doctor. Also, do not overdose or self-medicate with over the counter pain relievers.
1 person found this helpful

Diabetic Eye - All What You Ever Wanted To Know

Diploma In Diabetology, MD - Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Delhi
Diabetic Eye - All What You Ever Wanted To Know

Diabetic eye refers to a condition which generally affects the eye of a diabetic person. It is caused due to high sugar level in body. Diabetic eye can further lead to major problems such as cataracts, blurry vision, glaucoma, and retinopathy in case no treatment is taken at the preliminary stages. The deposition of glucose on the lens is the major cause behind all such problems and if ignored it can further damage small nerves and blood vessels. There are many precautionary methods by which you can cure this disease such as eye drops, surgery and laser treatment, but the simplest way to treat it is by managing your sugar level.

Following are the ways by which you can maintain the sugar level and procure yourself from such disease:

  1. Keeping an eye on your diet and consulting doctors for proper medication.
  2. Quit smoking and alcoholic substances.
  3. Have a detailed eye examination once a year.
  4. Regular exercise and Yoga which can do wonder to control Diabetes.

How does a diabetic eye affect you?

  1. Blurry vision: If you notice that things are looking unclear do not go for glasses it may just a normal problem caused by high glucose level. High sugar level causes swelling in the lens and reduces your ability to see. This can be corrected in 3 months by managing the sugar level in the normal range.
  2. CataractThe lens in our eye provides the sharp and clear vision, but they tend to be cloudy with age. It is more likely to occur in the diabetic person at an early age. This is caused due to the deposition of excess glucose on our eye lens which may reduce our vision and makes the things appear glaring.
  3. Glaucoma: Glaucoma is caused due to pressure build-up in the eye and resists the fluid to flow in the normal way. This further cause damage to the blood vessel and causes the vision problems. Glaucoma can be treated if detected in early stage. The common symptoms of this disease are a headache, watery eye and vision loss. The problem can be cured by eye drops, surgery and laser treatment.
  4. Diabetic Retinopathy: Retina is a group of special cell which is found in our eye. It helps to convert the light into an image. Diabetic Retinopathy can lead to damage of these small blood vessels hence leading to loss of sight. The common symptoms includes black spot on the eye, holes in vision and blurry vision which can be treated by surgery.

A diabetic eye is a minor problem if detected in early age, but can cause the vision loss in case proper care is not taken at the preliminary stages. A yearly checkup can help you to detect the problem in early age and hence can be cured. We suggest you to get your eyes checked as regular as once in a year once you attain the age of 40; as generally by this age the insulin level of the body is unbalanced and the composite of glucose starts depositing on different body parts which may lead to deadly diseases.

2111 people found this helpful

Radiofrequency Ablation For Trigeminal Neuralgia!

MD,DNB, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Fellowship In Pain Management
Pain Management Specialist, Mumbai

Trigeminal Neuralgia is a type of chronic pain disorder, which affects the trigeminal nerve. There are mainly two types:

Typical Trigeminal Neuralgia and Atypical Trigeminal Neuralgia.

The typical form or this disorder results in certain episodes of severe, sudden, shock-like pain in one side of the face, which lasts for seconds to few minutes.


Trigeminal Neuralgia may have symptoms which include one or more of patterns like the following:

  • Some episodes of severe,
  • Shooting pain which may seem like an electric shock.

A person might come across spontaneous attacks of pain or even attacks which might get triggered by certain things like touching the face, chewing, speaking or even while brushing the teeth.


When trigeminal neuralgia occurs, the trigeminal nerve’s function gets disrupted. The problem occurs through a contact between an artery or a vein and the trigeminal nerve at the base of one’s brain. This contact puts pressure on the nerve, thus causing it to malfunction.

Trigeminal Neuralgia can occur due to people getting aged or due to any kind of disorder that causes damage to the myelin sheath that protects certain nerves. A number of triggers can lead to the pain of trigeminal neuralgia, which include:

  • While shaving
  • When someone touches one’s face.
  • When a person is eating something.
  • While brushing teeth
  • Smiling
  • Washing one’s face.

What Is Radiofrequency Ablation for Trigeminal Neuralgia?

Radiofrequency Ablation or RFA is a technique by way of surgery, which helps to direct high-frequency heat on to the targeted areas of the body, such as tumors and tissues. When a person suffers chronic pain that means the high-frequency heat is getting targeted to the nerves.

A person suffering from trigeminal neuralgia, would have his or her doctor, who is a neurosurgeon, uses radiofrequency ablation to hit the trigeminal nerve, thereby destroying the nerve’s ability to get the pain signals transmitted to one’s brain.

Medication is the first line of treatment for trigeminal neuralgia by a neurosurgeon, to see how the patient reacts. If that person suffers from severe pain in the face and does not show any improvement through medication, then the doctor might recommend him/her to go for radiofrequency ablation surgery.

How Is The Procedure Conducted?

During the radiofrequency ablation for trigeminal neuralgia, people remain awake and asleep at different times. The process includes:

When the patient is asleep under the influence of general anaesthesia, a neurosurgeon would carefully place a needle through the corner of one’s mouth in order to reach the trigeminal nerve, which lies at the base of the skull. Then, once the X-rays confirm the needle is right in place, the neurosurgeon would wake the patient up, stimulate the nerve and ask the patient if he or she could feel the stimulation exactly at the place where the pain is experienced. This particular step confirms that the doctor has hit the right location. Once, the patient gets back to sleep, the doctor uses radiofrequency heat to minimally injure the nerve, sufficiently enough to induce a numb feeling on the face along with tingling, thus take the pain away.

4362 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

HI, I am a designer. I work in office about 10 hours average. I am having proper vegetables and fruits worth vitamins although I am facing body itching, muscular pain (chest, solder and back) sometimes headache and it makes me feel uneasy to breath. I have tried to come over by exercising but it increased the waist and back pain. Am I having a psychological problem or physical problem? please guide I want to overcome laziness and live fresh healthy life.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in EP
Cardiologist, Delhi
Good health requires good food and ample rest. Fruits are an expensive way to get the cheapest nutrient: glucose. Discuss diet with healthy ninety year olds, increase traditional health foods like nuts, butter and eggs.
1 person found this helpful

I have left knee pain. I got a x-ray done and it says tibia femoral joint space is mildly reduced. Please tell me does this mean I have arthritis? I am 30 years old used to smoke In my 20. I am a woman. Do I have the danger of developing Osteoporosis?. Also I have cervical spondylitis and my left heel pains. please advice.

MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Surat
Hi knee pain and cervical spondylitis. Tibio-femoral joint space reduction indicates a meniscus lesion in a 30 years old female and not osteoarthritis. A woman is always prone to osteoporosis after 40 years. Smoking is one of the reason for osteoporosis. If you have stopped smoking not to worry. Osteoporosis occurs if you have sedentary life style, if you are short statured (height less than 5 feet), you do not have exposure to soft morning sunlight, do not eat healthily and have habbits like smoking, alcoholism. Four things can prevent Osteoporosis: 1) Contact exercises 2) Exposure to morning sunlight (15-20 minutes, 5 days a week) 3) Having no adverse habbits and 4) Eating healthy and taking Vitamins and calcium supplements. Kindly check your blood for Calcium, Vitamin D3 and Vitamin B12.
4 people found this helpful

I am newly married from last 4-5 nights we are trying to push penis in vagina but it's painful for her so there is no sex from last 4-5 days. Actually my partner is comfortable to foreplay but in that situation it's pain for her and I am loosing the confidence. Please suggest.

MD-Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Dehradun
Hello- Play romantic and relaxing music and start with gentle touching or a massage. Constantly focusing on climax can cause you to feel like you are trying to end the experience as quickly as possible, which would train your brain to see intercourse as an undesirable course of action. Take the emphasis off of having an orgasm and enjoy the ride. The more attention you give to the sensations of pleasure the more pleasure you will feel.

10 years back I met an small accident during that time blood clotted in right knee and treatment too done. But after that when ever I running or traveling in sitting position for long time I feel pain in my knee. Please suggest what I should do.

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma In Orthopedics
Orthopedist, Nashik
An old injury wherein blood was removed from the knee may suggest a ligament injuryin the knee. Usually these should heal with time. But since it's still givingyou trouble, you shouldget an MRI of the knee after consulting an Orthopaedic surgeon.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Chronic Abdomen Pain
Chronic abdominal pain is present for more than 3 months. It may be present all the time (chronic) or come and go (recurring). People with chronic abdominal pain may also have other symptoms, depending on the cause.
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Body Pain
The onset of body pain can occur suddenly or slowly, depending on many factors, (e.g. environmental, biological, emotional, cognitive and so on ). Body pain may be reduced or prevented by eating a proper diet, managing weight, and increasing muscle flexibility and strength through exercise and physical conditioning.
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Techniques In Shoulder Surgery
There are few techniques used in shoulder surgery. Its important to understand the same in detail for our understanding and knowledge.
Play video
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury
One of the most common knee injuries is an anterior cruciate ligament sprain or tear. If you have injured your anterior cruciate ligament, you may require surgery to regain full function of your knee. This will depend on several factors, such as the severity of your injury and your activity level.
Play video
Joint Pain
Degenerative arthritis is a term synonymous with osteoarthritis, a chronic disorder that damages the cartilage and tissues surrounding a joint.As the disease progresses, new growths of bone or cartilage can enlarge the joints and cause significant pain and loss of mobility. Early treatment is important in limiting the progression of the disease.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice