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Overview

Pain: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

According to the International Association for the Study of Pains, “pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with the actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage.” Pains can be experienced in any part of the body, be it arms, legs, head, feet, hands, stomach, abdomen or any other. Pains can be of two types- acute pain and chronic pain. Acute pain is when you feel sudden and severe pain in any part of your body. You may feel it during injury, surgery or sickness. Triggered by tissue damage, this pain goes away after a certain period of time. Chronic pain itself is considered as a health condition. It lasts for a very long time and you might not be able to understand the treason behind it. Simple pain relieving medications work in 20% - 70% of the cases. If medications do not work, you have the option to go for physio therapy, massage therapy, chiropractic or surgery.

How is the treatment done?

Muscle pain is one of the most common kinds of pain. It could be due to muscle cramps, repetitive strain injuries, influenza and other diseases. The first thing you must do after you experience pain is consult a physician. A physician will diagnose the cause of your pain and suggest the remedy accordingly. Medications are known to cure most cases of pain. There over the counter pain relievers like aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen available to get over the pain you are going through. In more severe cases, morphine or fentanyl may be prescribed. If medications do not work, you can try physio therapy. A physio therapist will suggest and assist you in doing a range of exercises that you must do regularly to gain the mobility of your painful boy part back. Availing professional massage might be of help as it may soothe some pains. Chiropractic is a treatment that works for disorders of musculoskeletal system specially the spinal cord. In extreme cases, you may have to go for surgeries to resolve your troubles.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you have been experiencing pain in any body part for more than a week, you must not ignore it. Consult a physician, diagnose its cause and get it cured.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Short termed, mild pains do not need to be treated by professionally. Wait for 2-3 days before consulting a doctor.

Are there any side effects?

Some strong medications may result in redness, itching or irritation in skin. You may also feel heavy headed and nausea after consuming certain medications. There is nothing to be concerned about. However, if the effects linger, do consult a doctor.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

You must keep exercising regularly and keep your body active. Consume a healthy diet filled with fresh fruits, vegetables, dairy products, pulses etc. The food you eat determines the condition of your body.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery time period depends on the organ where you are experiencing pain and the severity of your condition.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Price of the treatment depends on the kind of treatment you may have to undergo and the the severity of your condition.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are mostly permanent if you do not suffer from any other chronic disease.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

You can try home massages, hot/ cold treatments or some special foods known to relive pains in the areas you are struggling with.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 100 - Rs 2,000

Popular Health Tips

Knee Pain - Symptoms & When To See A Doctor!

MBBS & M.S General Surgery
General Surgeon, Bangalore
Knee Pain - Symptoms & When To See A Doctor!

Overview

Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages. Knee pain may be the result of an injury, such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage. Medical conditions — including arthritis, gout and infections — also can cause knee pain.

Many types of minor knee pain respond well to self-care measures like ice packs, hot water formentation, local application of analgesics and oral analgesic medications, physical therapy and knee braces also can help relieve knee pain.

Symptoms

The location and severity of knee pain may vary, depending on the cause of the problem. Signs and symptoms that sometimes accompany knee pain include:

  • Swelling and stiffness

  • Redness and warmth to the touch

  • Weakness or instability

  • Popping or crunching noises

  • Inability to fully straighten the knee

When to see a doctor?

  • Can't bear weight on your knee

  • Have marked knee swelling

  • Are unable to fully straighten or bend your knee

  • See an obvious deformity in your leg or knee

  • Have a fever, in addition to redness, pain and swelling in your knee

  • Feel as if your knee is unstable or your knee "gives out"

3340 people found this helpful

Shoulder replacement - Know all about it!!!!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship& Shoulder & Elbow Surgery, Fellowship In Sports Orthopaedics, Arthroscopy And Shoulder Surgery
Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai
Shoulder replacement - Know all about it!!!!

A shoulder replacement surgery is performed when your shoulder is so seriously injured that it has to be changed for normal functioning to continue. It may also happen when the bones of the joints are so badly broken that they cannot be fixed in a way that your shoulder can function properly. Apart from bone fractures or sudden injuries, some diseases like crippling arthritis can require you to undergo this surgery. It should only be done if the condition cannot be fixed with the help of physiotherapy, exercise or medication first.

It is advised that patients undergo this surgery with shoulder surgeons trained for this surgery.

Types of shoulder replacement surgery

There are several types of shoulder replacement surgery. They are-

• Total replacement surgery - This surgery is more commonly done than the other types. The joint at the shoulder is a ball and socket joint, meaning a ball-like bone fits into a socket like joint. In this surgery the ball is replaced with a metal ball and the bony socket with metal socket with a plastic component in between.

• Partial replacement surgery - In this type of surgery, only the bony ball is operated upon and replaced with a metal ball.

• Reverse replacement surgery - In this procedure, a bony ball is replaced with metal cup and the bony cup is replaced with metal ball i.e the alignment of the joint is reversed. This surgery is done in elderly patients with arthritis due to neglected rotator cuff tears or in shoulder fractures which badly broken bones. These patients usually have very little movement in the shoulder

Things you can do before surgery to facilitate the process

• You should get diagnostic tests done well in advance, like X-rays and related imaging.
• You should cut down on the level of your addictions, like smoking and drinking.
• The doctor will ask you to reduce intake of certain medicines like painkillers.

Recovery after shoulder replacement

  1. The stay in hospital is usually 2-3 days. Advanced pain management techniques are used nowadays for virtually painless experience after surgery.
  2. Usually shoulder movements are started after pain relief.
  3. Patients are able to do daily activities in 3 weeks but lifting hand overhead may take some weeks thereafter.
  4. You should ask a friend or relative to help you with daily tasks around the house, and for transport for the first few weeks.
  5. Supervised rehabilitation under an experienced physiotherapist is a must.
  6. Many patients gain near normal function and are able to do daily activities of living.
  7. You will need to change your daily routine a bit, like avoid putting heavy strain on the shoulders or lifting weights.
3393 people found this helpful

Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery - A Safer Alternative To Open Surgery!

DNB, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Feloship In Joint Replacement
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery - A Safer Alternative To Open Surgery!

Minimally invasive spinal surgery is a quicker and safer alternative to open surgery. The spinal discs, vertebrae and nerves are present deep inside the body. A small incision is made and the surgical instruments and a camera is inserted which push aside the muscles and reach the problem area.

Which medical conditions can be addressed with minimally invasive spine surgery?

1. Degenerative Disc Disease (osteoarthritis of the spine)
2. Herniated Disc (the disc protrudes from its right place)
3. Spinal Tumours
4. Vertebral compression fractures (collapse of the vertebra)
5. Lumbar spinal stenosis (narrowing of the space near the spinal cord)
6. Scoliosis (the spine curves sideways)
7. Spinal infections
8. Spinal instability

What are the goals of minimally invasive spine surgery?

1. Decompression: this procedure eases the pressure being exerted on the spinal cord or the nerve roots. This pressure can be the cause of pinched nerves.
2. Stabilization: sometimes, a segment of the spinal cord that has come loose can be the source of pain. A stabilizations surgery fuses the segment to the rest of the structure.

The three most common methods of minimally invasive spine surgery are-

1. Tubular: it is also called ‘muscle splitting’ surgery. A tubular retractor passes through the muscles of the back and reaches the spine.
2. Mini-open: it is a lot like open surgery but with fewer risks and blood loss. The possibility of post-operation infection goes down significantly.
3. Endoscopic: it is also called a keyhole surgery. A small camera is introduced through a small incision and guided to the spine. The camera gives an internal view of the spine to the doctors.

The three types of Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery are-

1. Microdiscectomy: involves the removal of the intervertebral disc that is putting pressure on the spinal cord.
2. Foraminotomy: spinal conditions can lead to narrowed foramen (the area where the spinal nerve exits the spine). The aim of the surgery is to expand the foramen.
3. Microlaminectomy: this is yet another type of decompression surgery. The aim is to relieve pain caused pinched nerves or a segment of the bone pressing down on the nerves.

What are the benefits of minimally invasive spine surgery?

• Speedy and pain-free recovery after surgery
• A patient is discharged the same day
• Very little loss of blood
• Reduced chances of infection
• Less scarring because the operation is done through small incisions
• Less muscle damage

Are there any risks attached to minimally invasive spine surgery?

No surgery is free of risks or side effects. Some common problems in the aftermath of minimally invasive spine surgery are-

• Allergies
• Reaction to anaesthesia
• Blood clots
• Infections
• In rare cases stroke and paralysis.

Minimally invasive spinal surgery incorporates the latest advances in the world of technology. It is the relatively hassle-free procedure and convenient for both doctors and patients.

3379 people found this helpful

Plantar Fasciitis - Signs, Causes & Triggers Of It!

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai
Plantar Fasciitis - Signs, Causes & Triggers Of It!

Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that gives rise to heel pain. A thick band of tissue runs across the bottom part of the foot and connects the heel bone to the toes. This leads to inflammation. Those who suffer from plantar fasciitis experience stabbing pain especially when you take the first few steps after waking up in the morning.

As you are up and start moving in the morning, you will feel that the pain decreases. However, after long periods of inactivity or standing in one place the pain might return.

This condition is seen to occur more commonly in runners. Additionally, people who wear improper shoes, lacking adequate support and/or are overweight stand at a greater risk of getting plantar fasciitis.

Signs of Plantar Fasciitis-

Few symptoms of plantar fasciitis include-

• Stabbing pain felt at the bottom of the heels
• Pain arising immediately after exercising but not during it

Cause of Plantar Fasciitis-

Normally, the plantar fascia (ligament tissue) can play the role of a shock absorber, mainly a bowstring that supports the arch in the foot. When tension and stress build up on the bowstring, tiny tears can start to crop up within the fascia. Constant tearing and stretching can lead the fascia to become inflamed and irritated. Many times the cause of plantar fasciitis in certain patients is not entirely clear.

What Makes You Susceptible to Plantar Fascia?

Although the condition of Plantar Fascia can arise without any bulletproof reason, there are certain factors that make you more susceptible to it. These include-

• Age - Those who are aged above 40 but below 60 are more prone to getting this condition
Obesity - Those who are overweight will inadvertently put greater pressure on the plantar fascia
Exercises- Certain exercises tend to put more pressure on the heels than others. These exercise types include jumping activities, long-distance running, aerobic dance and ballet dance.
• Foot Type - Those who have an arched foot or are flat-footed, or tend to walk in an abnormal manner are at a greater risk of putting pressure on the plantar fascia
• Your Job Type - Teachers and factory workers who tend to be on their feet a lot or have to walk on hard surfaces may put stress on their plantar fascia

Plantar Fasciitis is a condition that needs immediate attention because when left untreated it could develop into chronic pain and thus become a source of constant pain. In order to prevent it from hampering your daily activities ensure to change the way you walk. This will minimize the hip, knee and back problems in the future.

2475 people found this helpful

Back & Neck Pain - Stop The Little Drop!

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, M.Ch - Orthopaedics, MRCS-Ortho
Orthopedist, Delhi
Back & Neck Pain - Stop The Little Drop!

Since the IT boom, we are growing very fast economically and digitally. But somewhere compromising health especially our back and neck, Due to prolonged sitting hour (10-12 hrs) on computer and top of that some of you are travelling to Noida/Gurgaon, again sitting for 2-3  hrs too n fro. This article is all about pains in back, neck, shoulder, forearm and legs with which you may be suffering from, the pain one doesn’t correlate to your work.

“Mr. X doesn’t wear a hard hat to work. He doesn’t lift heavy objects nor does he operate heavy machinery. Actually, Mr. X wears fairly comfortable clothing, and he doesn’t need to exert a lot of physical energy to accomplish his tasks. He sits at his desk from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday to Friday, and the only machinery he has to operate is a mouse and keyboard. Sitting in his office, Mr. X is generally safe and secure from injury………but still suffers from pain.”

Our bones and muscles make up our musculoskeletal system. As strong as this system might be, overuse of the muscles through repeated movements can put stress on your body, causing a Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI). Other names for RSI include Cumulative Trauma Disorder and Repetitive Motion Injury. Unfortunately, many office jobs require that we perform repetitive motions to fulfil our duties. For this reason, RSIs are the most common type of injury found in the office.

Symptoms of RSIs

The first signs of an RSI may be subtle and mild, and the symptoms may appear long after performing the activity. For these reasons, people often ignore the slight aches and pains, but eventually these slight aches and pains can become serious problems down the road if ignored.

Symptoms may include:

• Dull aching which sometimes severe pain increases as day progresses

• Difficulty in prolonged sitting/standing

• Loss of sensation (numbness), especially at night

• Aches/pains which may be worse at night

Tingling and burning sensations, ‘Pins and needles’ discomfort

Muscle weakness and fatigue, Muscle spasm

• Morning stiffness

Injury to the spine is very common in office environment because constant sitting (desk job) either working on laptop or desktop, spine (lower back) is at risk. Because sitting causes 150%-200% stress on the back while standing just 100%, sitting with laptop is worse than desktop because of poor posture with a laptop. This constant sitting is just like a small drop of water in a big bucket, over a period of time bucket is filled, water splashes out, that is the time when people experience severe pain. Getting treatment just takes out few mugs of water but that little drop (constant sitting) still coming to the bucket. That means pain may reoccur. So what to do…”..Stop The Little Drop

HOW TO SAVE BACK & NECK FROM SITTING JOB STRESS

  • Avoid Prolonged Sitting > 45 MINS - Do not sit more than 45 min at a stretch, get up after 45 mins take 2-5 min walk than sit again

  • Avoid Forward Bending - Ending forward causes double the stress over neck n back, our head wt is around 5 kg which increases to 30 kg if we bend our neck up to 60 degrees. so keep your head in centre of shoulders. If u want to bend n lift something from lower down than bend from knee and hip as well so that stress on spine is less.

  • Avoid Heavy Weight Lifting -  Keep your back as straight as possible while lifting wt or ask for help while lifting heavy wt.

  • Full Chair Sitting - Try to sit in office chair with hips at the back of chair and back fully supported with backrest, by this your back is fully supported n slightly backwards tilted , keeping stress low on spine . do not sit half-chair.

  • Laptop To Desktop - With laptop one has to bend forward and work as in laptop screen and keyboard is so close to each other that you can't work without bending forward. So, dissociate screen from the keyboard by using external keyboard (preferably wireless) and external mouse with laptop stand to keep screen at your eye level.

  • Holding Mobile Away From Body -  So that neck does not bend too much for long, keep neck as straight as possible.

  • Never Work In Bed Of With Bad Posture - As it causes severe stresses on back and neck

  • Daily Exercise - Daily exercise of neck and back strengthens muscles so that they can take stresses of sitting

 The spinal cord is protected by the 33 bones of the spine as it travels from the brain to lower back, with number of  spinal nerve travelling across the spine to reach arms and legs .
To exit from the bony tunnel of the spine itself, the spinal nerves travel through holes in the bones which are separated by discs or shock absorbers. If these nerves are squashed or pinched, this can cause pain, numbness, weakness or loss of function in the limbs ( sciatica).

There are many bones running up and down the spine, each separated by a jelly-like core and tough outer fibrous structure called a disc.

The nerves travel to the left and right of the spine through space called an intervertebral foramen. Either these nerves or the spine itself can be compressed by either further growth of bone, instability of the bone, or bulging or bursting of the disc ( disc prolapse ).

Investigations
After a thorough history and investigation you may be required to have an  XRAY to see bones and spinal alignment , sometimes CT scan or MRI is needed  to look more closely at the bone and soft tissue structures ( disc and nerves ) in the spine.

Treatment

Rest, Medication and Physiotherapy, generally, cure most patients for short term. But most pain can reoccur if your ergonomics (working and sitting posture) is not right. Long-term solution of the problem is Exercise and right posture.

Surgery

Sometimes surgery is required if pain is severe and not responding to conservative therapy.

Certain types of compression require surgery to prevent nerve damage becoming permanent or irreversible. Surgical options include removing excess bone, removing bulging discs, fusion or stiffening of bones to remove instability or replacing dysfunctional discs.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, I am asking for my mom she is a diabetic and allergenic to dust and cold last month due to excessive cough she got pain in abdominal muscles we even done with ABD ultrasound it’s normal but still she is suffering from pain For allergic she is taking beeler fort with motavac LC.

MBBS, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB - ENT
ENT Specialist, Mumbai
Allergic complaints can be controlled with anti allergic medication which includes tablets as well as locally acting nasal spray.
1 person found this helpful

I'm a 22 years old female just had a C-section 7 weeks ago so therefore I'm not pregnant. But I have lower stomach pain and upper stomach pain and side pain I'm peeing pink and spotting blood my left side is tender and hurts to touch and my sides hurt also my lower back been hurting also. I have felt nauseous and head pain also.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Diploma in Reproductive Medicine (Germany)
Gynaecologist, Navi Mumbai
Please get a routine urine and culture sensitivity done. Also do a whole abdomen and pelvic sonography urgently. You require a proper medical attention.

I want to know the general symptoms of oral cancer and throat cancer, because I facing some kind of little bit pain in my throat beside the ear behind the tongue on left side What it could be?

MBBS, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB - ENT
ENT Specialist, Mumbai
Most of oral cancers are painless, symptoms being ulcer which don't heel after regular medication, difficulty in swallowing, feeling of lump in throat, blood stains in sputum and cough.

I am having pain in my knees since last 2-3 days. It is when there is pressure on my knees. What should I do in such condition.

MPT - Orthopedic Physiotherapy, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
do hot fermentation and towel roll press exercise under knee

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Knee Pain
Knee pain is one of the most common and painful ailments that can limit mobility. Injuries can result in cartilage or meniscal tears or sprains too. Obesity is another reason because of which knee pain is on the rise. Also, regular wear and tear of ligaments and tendons around the knees due to old age is another cause.
Play video
Lower Back Pain
Back pain is a common source of pain and can be acute, sub-acute or chronic in nature. Back pain is classified along the segments of the spine and can be divided into neck pain, middle back pain, lower back pain and coccydynia or tailbone pain. Back pain can be quite troublesome as it disables a person to move about freely due to a constant ache.
Play video
Trigeminal Neuralgia
Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic pain condition that affects the trigeminal nerve, which carries sensation from your face to your brain. If you have trigeminal neuralgia, even mild stimulation of your face such as from brushing your teeth or putting on makeup may trigger a jolt of excruciating pain.
Play video
How To Treat Knee Pain?
Your knee is a very complex structure consisting of bones, ligaments, cartilage, tendons, muscles and meniscus. Most people encounter knee pain at some point in their lives. If your knee pain is chronic in nature, then it may last for a prolonged period.
Play video
Lower Back Pain
Back pain is a common source of pain, which can be acute, subacute or chronic in nature. Back pain is classified along the segments of the spine and can be divided into neck pain, middle back pain, lower back pain or tailbone pain.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice