According to the International Association for the Study of Pains, “pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with the actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage.” Pains can be experienced in any part of the body, be it arms, legs, head, feet, hands, stomach, abdomen or any other. Pains can be of two types- acute pain and chronic pain. Acute pain is when you feel sudden and severe pain in any part of your body. You may feel it during injury, surgery or sickness. Triggered by tissue damage, this pain goes away after a certain period of time. Chronic pain itself is considered as a health condition. It lasts for a very long time and you might not be able to understand the treason behind it. Simple pain relieving medications work in 20% - 70% of the cases. If medications do not work, you have the option to go for physio therapy, massage therapy, chiropractic or surgery.
Muscle pain is one of the most common kinds of pain. It could be due to muscle cramps, repetitive strain injuries, influenza and other diseases. The first thing you must do after you experience pain is consult a physician. A physician will diagnose the cause of your pain and suggest the remedy accordingly. Medications are known to cure most cases of pain. There over the counter pain relievers like aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen available to get over the pain you are going through. In more severe cases, morphine or fentanyl may be prescribed. If medications do not work, you can try physio therapy. A physio therapist will suggest and assist you in doing a range of exercises that you must do regularly to gain the mobility of your painful boy part back. Availing professional massage might be of help as it may soothe some pains. Chiropractic is a treatment that works for disorders of musculoskeletal system specially the spinal cord. In extreme cases, you may have to go for surgeries to resolve your troubles.
If you have been experiencing pain in any body part for more than a week, you must not ignore it. Consult a physician, diagnose its cause and get it cured.
Short termed, mild pains do not need to be treated by professionally. Wait for 2-3 days before consulting a doctor.
Some strong medications may result in redness, itching or irritation in skin. You may also feel heavy headed and nausea after consuming certain medications. There is nothing to be concerned about. However, if the effects linger, do consult a doctor.
You must keep exercising regularly and keep your body active. Consume a healthy diet filled with fresh fruits, vegetables, dairy products, pulses etc. The food you eat determines the condition of your body.
The recovery time period depends on the organ where you are experiencing pain and the severity of your condition.
Price of the treatment depends on the kind of treatment you may have to undergo and the the severity of your condition.
The results of the treatment are mostly permanent if you do not suffer from any other chronic disease.
You can try home massages, hot/ cold treatments or some special foods known to relive pains in the areas you are struggling with.
Rs 100 - Rs 2,000
Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages. Knee pain may be the result of an injury, such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage. Medical conditions — including arthritis, gout and infections — also can cause knee pain.
Many types of minor knee pain respond well to self-care measures like ice packs, hot water formentation, local application of analgesics and oral analgesic medications, physical therapy and knee braces also can help relieve knee pain.
The location and severity of knee pain may vary, depending on the cause of the problem. Signs and symptoms that sometimes accompany knee pain include:
Swelling and stiffness
Redness and warmth to the touch
Weakness or instability
Popping or crunching noises
Inability to fully straighten the knee
When to see a doctor?
Can't bear weight on your knee
Have marked knee swelling
Are unable to fully straighten or bend your knee
See an obvious deformity in your leg or knee
Have a fever, in addition to redness, pain and swelling in your knee
Feel as if your knee is unstable or your knee "gives out"
A shoulder replacement surgery is performed when your shoulder is so seriously injured that it has to be changed for normal functioning to continue. It may also happen when the bones of the joints are so badly broken that they cannot be fixed in a way that your shoulder can function properly. Apart from bone fractures or sudden injuries, some diseases like crippling arthritis can require you to undergo this surgery. It should only be done if the condition cannot be fixed with the help of physiotherapy, exercise or medication first.
It is advised that patients undergo this surgery with shoulder surgeons trained for this surgery.
There are several types of shoulder replacement surgery. They are-
• Total replacement surgery - This surgery is more commonly done than the other types. The joint at the shoulder is a ball and socket joint, meaning a ball-like bone fits into a socket like joint. In this surgery the ball is replaced with a metal ball and the bony socket with metal socket with a plastic component in between.
• Partial replacement surgery - In this type of surgery, only the bony ball is operated upon and replaced with a metal ball.
• Reverse replacement surgery - In this procedure, a bony ball is replaced with metal cup and the bony cup is replaced with metal ball i.e the alignment of the joint is reversed. This surgery is done in elderly patients with arthritis due to neglected rotator cuff tears or in shoulder fractures which badly broken bones. These patients usually have very little movement in the shoulder
Things you can do before surgery to facilitate the process
• You should get diagnostic tests done well in advance, like X-rays and related imaging.
• You should cut down on the level of your addictions, like smoking and drinking.
• The doctor will ask you to reduce intake of certain medicines like painkillers.
Recovery after shoulder replacement
Minimally invasive spinal surgery is a quicker and safer alternative to open surgery. The spinal discs, vertebrae and nerves are present deep inside the body. A small incision is made and the surgical instruments and a camera is inserted which push aside the muscles and reach the problem area.
Which medical conditions can be addressed with minimally invasive spine surgery?
1. Degenerative Disc Disease (osteoarthritis of the spine)
2. Herniated Disc (the disc protrudes from its right place)
3. Spinal Tumours
4. Vertebral compression fractures (collapse of the vertebra)
5. Lumbar spinal stenosis (narrowing of the space near the spinal cord)
6. Scoliosis (the spine curves sideways)
7. Spinal infections
8. Spinal instability
What are the goals of minimally invasive spine surgery?
1. Decompression: this procedure eases the pressure being exerted on the spinal cord or the nerve roots. This pressure can be the cause of pinched nerves.
2. Stabilization: sometimes, a segment of the spinal cord that has come loose can be the source of pain. A stabilizations surgery fuses the segment to the rest of the structure.
The three most common methods of minimally invasive spine surgery are-
1. Tubular: it is also called ‘muscle splitting’ surgery. A tubular retractor passes through the muscles of the back and reaches the spine.
2. Mini-open: it is a lot like open surgery but with fewer risks and blood loss. The possibility of post-operation infection goes down significantly.
3. Endoscopic: it is also called a keyhole surgery. A small camera is introduced through a small incision and guided to the spine. The camera gives an internal view of the spine to the doctors.
The three types of Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery are-
1. Microdiscectomy: involves the removal of the intervertebral disc that is putting pressure on the spinal cord.
2. Foraminotomy: spinal conditions can lead to narrowed foramen (the area where the spinal nerve exits the spine). The aim of the surgery is to expand the foramen.
3. Microlaminectomy: this is yet another type of decompression surgery. The aim is to relieve pain caused pinched nerves or a segment of the bone pressing down on the nerves.
What are the benefits of minimally invasive spine surgery?
• Speedy and pain-free recovery after surgery
• A patient is discharged the same day
• Very little loss of blood
• Reduced chances of infection
• Less scarring because the operation is done through small incisions
• Less muscle damage
Are there any risks attached to minimally invasive spine surgery?
No surgery is free of risks or side effects. Some common problems in the aftermath of minimally invasive spine surgery are-
Minimally invasive spinal surgery incorporates the latest advances in the world of technology. It is the relatively hassle-free procedure and convenient for both doctors and patients.
Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that gives rise to heel pain. A thick band of tissue runs across the bottom part of the foot and connects the heel bone to the toes. This leads to inflammation. Those who suffer from plantar fasciitis experience stabbing pain especially when you take the first few steps after waking up in the morning.
As you are up and start moving in the morning, you will feel that the pain decreases. However, after long periods of inactivity or standing in one place the pain might return.
This condition is seen to occur more commonly in runners. Additionally, people who wear improper shoes, lacking adequate support and/or are overweight stand at a greater risk of getting plantar fasciitis.
Few symptoms of plantar fasciitis include-
• Stabbing pain felt at the bottom of the heels
• Pain arising immediately after exercising but not during it
Cause of Plantar Fasciitis-
Normally, the plantar fascia (ligament tissue) can play the role of a shock absorber, mainly a bowstring that supports the arch in the foot. When tension and stress build up on the bowstring, tiny tears can start to crop up within the fascia. Constant tearing and stretching can lead the fascia to become inflamed and irritated. Many times the cause of plantar fasciitis in certain patients is not entirely clear.
What Makes You Susceptible to Plantar Fascia?
Although the condition of Plantar Fascia can arise without any bulletproof reason, there are certain factors that make you more susceptible to it. These include-
• Age - Those who are aged above 40 but below 60 are more prone to getting this condition
• Obesity - Those who are overweight will inadvertently put greater pressure on the plantar fascia
• Exercises- Certain exercises tend to put more pressure on the heels than others. These exercise types include jumping activities, long-distance running, aerobic dance and ballet dance.
• Foot Type - Those who have an arched foot or are flat-footed, or tend to walk in an abnormal manner are at a greater risk of putting pressure on the plantar fascia
• Your Job Type - Teachers and factory workers who tend to be on their feet a lot or have to walk on hard surfaces may put stress on their plantar fascia
Plantar Fasciitis is a condition that needs immediate attention because when left untreated it could develop into chronic pain and thus become a source of constant pain. In order to prevent it from hampering your daily activities ensure to change the way you walk. This will minimize the hip, knee and back problems in the future.
Since the IT boom, we are growing very fast economically and digitally. But somewhere compromising health especially our back and neck, Due to prolonged sitting hour (10-12 hrs) on computer and top of that some of you are travelling to Noida/Gurgaon, again sitting for 2-3 hrs too n fro. This article is all about pains in back, neck, shoulder, forearm and legs with which you may be suffering from, the pain one doesn’t correlate to your work.
“Mr. X doesn’t wear a hard hat to work. He doesn’t lift heavy objects nor does he operate heavy machinery. Actually, Mr. X wears fairly comfortable clothing, and he doesn’t need to exert a lot of physical energy to accomplish his tasks. He sits at his desk from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday to Friday, and the only machinery he has to operate is a mouse and keyboard. Sitting in his office, Mr. X is generally safe and secure from injury………but still suffers from pain.”
Our bones and muscles make up our musculoskeletal system. As strong as this system might be, overuse of the muscles through repeated movements can put stress on your body, causing a Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI). Other names for RSI include Cumulative Trauma Disorder and Repetitive Motion Injury. Unfortunately, many office jobs require that we perform repetitive motions to fulfil our duties. For this reason, RSIs are the most common type of injury found in the office.
Symptoms of RSIs
The first signs of an RSI may be subtle and mild, and the symptoms may appear long after performing the activity. For these reasons, people often ignore the slight aches and pains, but eventually these slight aches and pains can become serious problems down the road if ignored.
• Dull aching which sometimes severe pain increases as day progresses
• Difficulty in prolonged sitting/standing
• Loss of sensation (numbness), especially at night
• Aches/pains which may be worse at night
• Tingling and burning sensations, ‘Pins and needles’ discomfort
• Morning stiffness
Injury to the spine is very common in office environment because constant sitting (desk job) either working on laptop or desktop, spine (lower back) is at risk. Because sitting causes 150%-200% stress on the back while standing just 100%, sitting with laptop is worse than desktop because of poor posture with a laptop. This constant sitting is just like a small drop of water in a big bucket, over a period of time bucket is filled, water splashes out, that is the time when people experience severe pain. Getting treatment just takes out few mugs of water but that little drop (constant sitting) still coming to the bucket. That means pain may reoccur. So what to do…”..Stop The Little Drop”
HOW TO SAVE BACK & NECK FROM SITTING JOB STRESS
Avoid Prolonged Sitting > 45 MINS - Do not sit more than 45 min at a stretch, get up after 45 mins take 2-5 min walk than sit again
Avoid Forward Bending - Ending forward causes double the stress over neck n back, our head wt is around 5 kg which increases to 30 kg if we bend our neck up to 60 degrees. so keep your head in centre of shoulders. If u want to bend n lift something from lower down than bend from knee and hip as well so that stress on spine is less.
Avoid Heavy Weight Lifting - Keep your back as straight as possible while lifting wt or ask for help while lifting heavy wt.
Full Chair Sitting - Try to sit in office chair with hips at the back of chair and back fully supported with backrest, by this your back is fully supported n slightly backwards tilted , keeping stress low on spine . do not sit half-chair.
Laptop To Desktop - With laptop one has to bend forward and work as in laptop screen and keyboard is so close to each other that you can't work without bending forward. So, dissociate screen from the keyboard by using external keyboard (preferably wireless) and external mouse with laptop stand to keep screen at your eye level.
Holding Mobile Away From Body - So that neck does not bend too much for long, keep neck as straight as possible.
Never Work In Bed Of With Bad Posture - As it causes severe stresses on back and neck
Daily Exercise - Daily exercise of neck and back strengthens muscles so that they can take stresses of sitting
The spinal cord is protected by the 33 bones of the spine as it travels from the brain to lower back, with number of spinal nerve travelling across the spine to reach arms and legs .
To exit from the bony tunnel of the spine itself, the spinal nerves travel through holes in the bones which are separated by discs or shock absorbers. If these nerves are squashed or pinched, this can cause pain, numbness, weakness or loss of function in the limbs ( sciatica).
There are many bones running up and down the spine, each separated by a jelly-like core and tough outer fibrous structure called a disc.
The nerves travel to the left and right of the spine through space called an intervertebral foramen. Either these nerves or the spine itself can be compressed by either further growth of bone, instability of the bone, or bulging or bursting of the disc ( disc prolapse ).
After a thorough history and investigation you may be required to have an XRAY to see bones and spinal alignment , sometimes CT scan or MRI is needed to look more closely at the bone and soft tissue structures ( disc and nerves ) in the spine.
Rest, Medication and Physiotherapy, generally, cure most patients for short term. But most pain can reoccur if your ergonomics (working and sitting posture) is not right. Long-term solution of the problem is Exercise and right posture.
Sometimes surgery is required if pain is severe and not responding to conservative therapy.
Certain types of compression require surgery to prevent nerve damage becoming permanent or irreversible. Surgical options include removing excess bone, removing bulging discs, fusion or stiffening of bones to remove instability or replacing dysfunctional discs.