Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Ibuprofen

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Ibuprofen treats inflammations as well as pain. It acts as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that controls hormones in the body which cause pain and inflammation. It thus offers relief from several problems like toothache, headache, arthritis, pain in the back, other types of small injuries and menstrual cramps.

The drug is suitable for adults as well as children who are 6 months and above.

Ensure that you do not take Ibuprofen if-

  • You have heart disease and are at a risk of suffering from a stroke or heart attack. Even those who do not have heart problems are likely to suffer a stroke or a heart attack because of prolonged use of Ibuprofen.
  • You have recently had a bypass operation.
  • You are allergic to any substance that is present in Ibuprofen.

If you have health problems like asthma, fluid retention, kidney issues, frequent development of ulcers and bleeding, ask you medical practitioner if you can take Ibuprofen. The drug should not be taken during the last trimester of pregnancy as it has been found that it can harm the fetus. Research has not revealed if the drug is harmful for infants who are still breast feeding. In this case it is best that you take your doctor?s advice.

You will experience a few side effects when you take this medication. In case of Ibuprofen some minor side effects that may occur are anemia, vomiting, hypertension, hemorrhage, low hemoglobin levels and eosinophilia. These side effects are quite common and will go away in some time. Get in touch with your health care provider as soon as possible if you develop some of these more serious side effects like pain in the stomach, indigestion, problems with breathing, weight gain, itchy skin, feeling excessively tired and weak, problems with urinations and bowel movements, development of acid in the stomach etc.

Dysmenorrhea
Ibuprofen is used to relieve excessive pain and cramps during menstruation.
Ibuprofen is used to treat symptoms like tender and painful joints associated with Osteoarthritis.
Ibuprofen is used to treat symptoms like swelling, pain, and stiffness of joints associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Fever and Pain
Ibuprofen is used to treat headache, back pain, and fever.
Not recommended in patients with known allergy to Ibuprofen or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) drugs
Not recommended in patients with known conditions like asthma, rhinitis, and urticaria.
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery (CABG)
Not recommended in patients with recent heart surgery.
Not recommended in patients with peptic ulcer disease or any gastrointestinal bleeding disorders.
In addition to its intended effect, Ibuprofen may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Acid or sour stomach Major Common
Heartburn Major Common
Nausea and Vomiting Major Common
Abdominal discomfort Major Less Common
Constipation Major Rare
Decreased urine output Major Rare
Yellow colored eyes or skin Major Rare
Skin Rash Major Rare
Ringing or buzzing in the ears Minor Common
Nervousness Minor Common
Loss of appetite Minor Rare
Running Nose Minor Rare
Duration of effect
The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 4 to 6 hours.
Onset of action
The effect of this medicine can be observed in 30 to 60 minutes.
Pregnancy warnings
This medicine is not recommended for pregnant women.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendencies were reported.
Breast-feeding warnings
This medicine is known to excreted through breast milk in small amounts. It is recommended in breastfeeding women.
Missed Dose instructions
The missed dose can be taken as soon as you remember. However, the missed dose should be skipped if it is almost time for the next dose.
Overdose instructions
Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of overdose.
India
United States
Japan
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Asthma Major
Ibuprofen should not be taken if you have NSAID-sensitive asthma. Any such history should be reported to the doctor so that appropriate substitution can be done.
Fluid Retention and edema Major
Ibuprofen should be taken only after consulting a doctor. Monitoring of blood pressure and heart conditions is necessary on a regular level during the course of therapy.
Skin rash Major
Ibuprofen can cause these fatal skin allergies without any warnings. Signs and symptoms like rashes, hives, fever or other allergic symptoms should be reported without any delay. This condition requires immediate medical intervention.
Interaction with Alcohol
Alcohol Moderate
This medicine should not be consumed with alcohol. Symptoms of stomach bleeding (such as the presence of dried and coffee colored blood in cough or stools) should be reported to the doctor immediately.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Food
Information not available.
Interaction with Medicine
Methotrexate Major
Ibuprofen may increase the blood levels of methotrexate and can cause liver injury, breathing problem, and bleeding. Inform the doctor if you are receiving pain killers. The dose should be adjusted based on the clinical condition. Close monitoring of kidney function and blood cell count is necessary.
Corticosteroids Moderate
Use with caution as this combination will increase the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding. Inform the doctor if you are taking either of the medicines. Consider taking alternative medicine after consulting your doctor.
Aspirin Major
Ibuprofen may reduce the effect of aspirin and increases the risk of bleeding. Any symptoms like gastrointestinal bleeding, abdominal pain, blood in stools should be informed to the doctor. An alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Antihypertensives Moderate
If you are taking antihypertensives like furosemide and ramipril with Ibuprofen, then you are at increased risk of kidney damage. This interaction is more likely to happen in the elderly population. Regular monitoring of kidney function is necessary. The dose should be adjusted based on the clinical condition.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am working as a software engineer, I ll b working in air conditioned environment for around 10-12 hours. Am getting cold often. I won't travel much, not exposed to dust also. What is the reason for getting cold often? Because of cold am not able to feel any smell. Am not sneezing, coughing or anything but not able to breath properly. Please help me to overcome this problem.

PGDHM, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Jamnagar
I am working as a software engineer, I ll b working in air conditioned environment for around 10-12 hours. Am getting...
Hi Lybrate-user, you have to improve your immunity first. Ayurveda medicine cure your problem. You should avoid Urad, banana, oil fried food spices. Saline water gargle should be done before meals. Non-irritating and bland diet, hot water, lemon, green and leafy vegetables particularly having sour and bitter taste. You can also doing this at home: 6-7 basil leaves 5-6 cloves (powder) 2-3 black piper 1/4 teaspoon ginger paste all this add in 150 ml of water then boiling mild flame and reduce to 100 ml. Later filtered and allowed to warm o it's own. Then add 2 teaspoon of honey and drink .it gives you relieved. Hot water steam will also facilitate draining from the nose and also provide relief in pain over forehead. Every day, in morning put 3-4 drops of cow ghee in your both nasal then sleep 10 to 15 min. You feel better. For further treatment you take an online appointment for further details and treatment to get relief permanent.

I have consultation surgeon some information of piles treatment .I have a fisheries problem.

FMAS, MS
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
I have consultation surgeon some information of piles treatment .I have a fisheries problem.
Hello dear lybrate-user, hi Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query thoroughly.* Here are some general guidelines for fissure and piles problem: Drink plenty of liquids. Prefer soft, light diet with more of green leafy veg, whole grains, cereals,pulses, legumes,organic fresh fruits. Avoid all types of oily, spicy,non veg, hot beverages, junk foods, dairy fat. Bulk forming laxative as Ispaghula husk 3 teaspoonful at night with a glass of drinking lukewarm water helps by smooth bowel evacuations. Tab. Ibuprofen (400) mg after meals for control of pain, burning.Xylocaine (5 %)jelly application over the anal part gives soothing action. Sitz bath (sitting in a tub filled with lukewarm water 5 minutes each 3 times a day and additionally after passing stools) helps.Avoid long drives, sitting prolong on hard surfaces. Control of blood sugar, cholesterol,body weight. Avoid smoking, alcohol if consuming. Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance. Regards dear take care.

Doctor I am 18 years old, yesterday I ask a question to give the name of the tablet for teeth pain ,but after taking tablet also not getting relief, previously before 4 years I got a rootcanol treatment but they did not put cap for that teeth. But now its become infection .now what can I do. Severe pain is coming I use katorol, paracetamol,ibuprofen but there no relief only pain is increasing. What can I do. There is any powerful tablet for this pain please .i want tablet for temporarily reducing the pain for 1 week. Because now I am in hostel. After 7 days I will go to my home .then I will attend to operation. But until I want to stop the pain. From three days I am getting this pain. Outside I am not crying but inside the pain is very high. Please doctor. Give me the solution. After 2 days I have semester exams .so please.

Bachelor of Dental Surgery
Dentist, Delhi
Doctor I am  18 years old, yesterday I ask a question to give the name of the tablet for teeth pain ,but after taking...
It's good that you have decided to see a dentist soon as your present dental condition warrants prompt dental care. Until you see your dentist, to manage this acute and severe pain do the following: Take Combiflam tablet 3 times a day after every meal. Combiflam is a combination drug containing ibuprofen 400 mg and paracetamol 325 mg, therefore it works by synergistic action of both the drugs to relieve pain and inflammation. Also get Listerine mouthwash and immediately start using it twice daily, that should keep the infection in check for a while which will be helpful in controlling pain. Also apply ice packs on the outside of your cheek. Avoid very hot, cold, and sweet foods and drinks.
1 person found this helpful

I am 24 years old male and suffering from lower back pain for last 1 month. Pain starts due to heavy weight lifting. X- ray of lower back is normal. I am attaching mri report. I am facing problem in bending forward, weight lifting and sitting for more than 20 minutes. Please tell me possible treatment.

Mch Orthopaedic, DNB (Orthopedics), Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Dehradun
I am 24 years old male and suffering from lower back pain for last 1 month. Pain starts due to heavy weight lifting. ...
You are suffering from mechanical back pain. Do regular spinal extension exercises. Avoid forward bending and heavy weight lifting. Avoid prolong sitting. Take anti-inflammatory drug like ibuprofen to reduce pain and inflammation.
4 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Dealing With Penis Pain - What Not to Do?

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Dealing With Penis Pain - What Not to Do?


When a man looks for some relief from pain, itching or other irritations, he naturally reaches for a variety of potions and lotions he has in the medicine cabinet. And yes, these definitely work if a man has a minor irritation on most parts of the body, such as his hands, feet, or even his face. But when it comes to penis care, many men are quite surprised to learn that the ointments and other treatments that are okay for the rest of the body are a big no-no for the delicate penis skin.

Why not use regular ointments?

No matter how much penis pain a man is feeling, or how rashy and red his penis might be, there are some medications he should never reach for to find relief. That's because these creams might contain ingredients that are far too harsh for the delicate skin. For instance, a guy might look to the cortisone cream in order to soothe a terribly itchy penis, but this is a mistake - the steroid content in the cream can cause long-term problems.

Besides that, remember that the urethra at the tip of the penis is a gateway to even more delicate tissues. Using an ointment of any kind that isn't specifically designed for the penis is bad enough, but using a crème that then gets into the tip of the penis can mean pain and swelling for those tissues just inside, which only adds to a guy's penis pain woes.

Relieving penis pain the right way

So what can a guy do about penis pain? How can he ease a red penis that is crying out for relief? A careful, measured approach is the best way to go. Here's what he can do.

1) Examine why it happened. What caused the pain? What was happening when it began? Sometimes this is easy to pinpoint, but other times it seems a mystery. The closer a man can get to the time it began, the more he might be able to narrow it down to anything from a sensual encounter to the use of a new soap to an injury he didn't realize was really that bad at the time.

2) Decide how bad it is. Penis pain that is fleeting, very minor or comes from an obvious cause that can be remedied probably doesn't require a visit to the doctor. However, penis pain that persists, is bad enough to take a man's breath away or that doesn't really have an obvious cause might be good reason to get a professional medical opinion.

3) Try home remedies first. If it isn't bad enough for the doctor, a guy can treat it at home. Start with the tried-and-true options, such as a warm or cool compress, a soothing bath to remove any and all residue and airing out the penis for a while. If simple home remedies don't work after several hours, it might be time to consider the doctor again.

4) Take over the counter medications. Sometimes over the counter medications can help for minor irritations - but again, keep in mind that this should only be used if a guy knows what caused the pain. For instance, a sore and red penis that resulted from overzealous masturbation could benefit from a guy taking ibuprofen or acetaminophen, over the counter painkillers, to ease the pain.

5) Think about ways to prevent the pain. If a guy knows what caused the pain - for instance, he used a latex condom right before the swelling and redness started - then he can take steps to avoid that in the future. Knowing how to prevent penis pain is always much better than figuring out how to treat it!

Finally, a guy can't go wrong with a high-quality penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). The use of soothing Shea butter and vitamin E is a great idea for the penis that feels red, bruised or otherwise painful.

1 person found this helpful

Ankle Instability - 6 Ways It Can Be Manged!

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Arthroscopy
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Ankle Instability - 6 Ways It Can Be Manged!

The ankle, despite being one of the smaller joints, plays a crucial role as it bears the brunt of a person’s weight. Due to improper gait or injuries, the ankle often gets sprained. This can be a recurring problem in older people. Therefore, over a period of time, the ankle gets unstable and can cause chronic symptoms including pain, imbalance resulting in recurrent falls. Read on to know more about some causes, symptoms, and management techniques for ankle instability.

Causes: The ankle has ligaments which stretch to allow for ankle movement. When this ligament stretches beyond the limit, then it can tear or stretch. Therefore, sportspersons like basketball and football players, gymnasts who tend to use their ankle a lot are at a much higher risk of developing ankle instability over a period of time.

Symptoms: The most common symptom of ankle instability is when a person is unable to stand firm. This pain is worse in people wearing heels or walking on uneven ground. Patients may experience swelling, stiffness, and excruciating pain.

Management: Ankle instability is an acute problem but the recovery time is limited too, so the symptoms disappear over a period of time. However, in some people, especially sportspersons, it may lead to a chronic condition which needs immediate attention. Few remedies for getting relief from ankle pain are mentioned below:

  1. Ice: For pain relief, icing the ankle is an excellent option. Applying a cold pack for about 10 to 15 minutes about 2 to 4 times per day is an effective way to relieve the pain, stiffness, and swelling.
  2. Rest: Ligament injuries often heal on their own, and sportspersons may be advised to stay off of the game for about a week or two, to give it time for self-repair.
  3. Compresses: Using an elastic wrap or compression ice wrap for a few hours can help in relieving ankle instability.
  4. Pain killers: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen can help in reducing both the inflammation and pain from the ankle injury.
  5. Exercise: Increasing the strength and flexibility of the ankle via exercise is a great way to reduce chances of further sprain. Rotating the ankles, standing on one leg, etc., are some effective ways to do this.
  6. Surgery: If none of the above-mentioned remedies work, a surgery may be required which is only in severe and/or chronic cases.

Ankle instability is quite common but is equally easy to manage.

Tennis Elbow - Who Is At Risk?

MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Bathinda
Tennis Elbow - Who Is At Risk?

Lateral epicondylitis, which is the medical name for tennis elbow, is a condition wherein the tendon in the upper arm develops a tear due to repeated motions. This is a very painful condition and can make your daily life difficult. It usually tends to affect your dominant arm i.e. the arm that you use the most.

Who does it affect and why does it happen?
As mentioned earlier, tennis elbow occurs due to repetitive similar movements of the elbows, forearms and wrists over a prolonged period. The common name for this condition came due to repeated occurrences with tennis players although it can happen to players of other sports as well as people in other profession too. Some of the people who are most susceptible to this could be from the following fields:

  1. Sporting activities such as squash, tennis, fencing, cricket and many other sports where repeated arms movements are required.
  2. Carpenters
  3. Painters
  4. Musicians playing certain instruments
  5. Typing
  6. Knitting work
  7. Chefs and waiters
  8. Cleaning
  9. Road and construction workers

Symptoms

  1. A slow exacerbation of pain over a period and gradual worsening can be a major symptom.
  2. In certain cases, the pain may manifest suddenly which will make any movement very difficult.
  3. Moving your arm may become very difficult, especially during any up or down movement of the arm.
  4. In some cases, the pain may be experienced only when shaking objects or actions wherein squeezing or hard gripping is required.
  5. Performing daily activities such as a tooth brush, trying to open jars or even trying to use a knife or fork can get extremely difficult.

How it can be treated?
Most treatment methods include keeping the elbow in a resting position and giving it time to heal automatically. However, some medication may also be given to relieve pain and quicken healing. Some of these are mentioned below.

  1. Elbow straps: These fix the elbow in a comfortable position and don’t allow it to move helping it heal on its own.
  2. Ice treatment : This is the most common home treatment prescribed to relieve pain. You can use homemade icepacks or even buy gel pack, which can then be held against the area to relieve pain.
  3. Painkillers: Ibuprofen and aspirin can be used to lessen the pain, although it is advisable to consult your doctors first.
  4. Various physical therapies: Physiotherapy, acupuncture or specific doctor recommended exercises could be done to not only relieve pain but also quicken healing and to strengthen the tendons and the muscles of that area.
1 person found this helpful

Digestion Problems - Know What Can Help You!

CCH, BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
Digestion Problems - Know What Can Help You!

Homeopathy has proven to be very successful in treating many digestive problems. However, certain warning signs should not be ignored. A timely medical diagnosis and opinion is important if the following occurs:
1. Vomiting
2. Sudden and severe abdominal pain
3. Abnormal loss of weight
4. Abnormality in normal bowel habits including constipation or persistent looseness

Some digestive problems and their remedies are discussed below:

  1. Heartburn: This is a burning sensation that results from acid from the stomach, being squirted into the food pipe. An elevating sensation is felt from the chest to the end of the throat. Consumption of some common food and drinks like caffeine, acidic juices, alcohol, chocolate or carbonated beverages can increase the secretion of acid in the stomach. Over dosage of medicines like aspirin and ibuprofen can also cause heartburn. Remedy: Calcarea carbonica is widely used for relieving chronic cases of heartburn that occur mostly in people who experience cramps in the stomach and intense heartburns. Lycopodium brings relief in cases where regurgitation and heartburn occurs after small snacks.
  2. Bloating: This is caused due to the presence of excess gas in the colon, small intestines or the stomach. It results from high stress levels, poor diets and daily need for medications. Remedy: Carbo vegetabilis (made from vegetable charcoal) is renowned for its capability to absorb toxins and along with Lycopodium, is recommended for digestive problems resulting from excess gas.
  3. Dyspepsia: This is an uncomfortable feeling or pain, which occurs in the upper abdominal regions which is caused due to improper consumption of food and is commonly referred to as indigestion. If the condition is prolonged, a doctor must be visited. Remedy: Anacardium is a remedy that is useful for people who experience frequent and periodic bouts of upper abdominal pain.The remedy Argentum nitricum is suggested for people who experience Dyspepsia along with nausea. This is a pain in the upper abdominal region along with retching of mucus. Another remedy for this condition is Nux Vomica. This is suggestedfor people who are usually restless.

Treating flatulence and dyspepsia that is experienced by people after consumption of starchy and fatty foods requires Natrum carbonicum. These people cannot consume milk and often have a number of food allergies. Phosphorus is recommended for people who vomit along with their dyspepsia even though they usually crave short term solutions, like cold drinks.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

741 people found this helpful

Fever - When Should You Be Worried?

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, Fellowship in Rheumatology
General Physician, Khammam
Fever - When Should You Be Worried?

Fever is not a disease! It's a known fact that normal human body temperature is 98.6 F (37 C). If temperature goes beyond that, then it's called fever. But one must not worry every time if there is a rise in the temperature. 

Why?
The reason is that immune system is designed to raise temperature as a defence mechanism if there is any attack by a foreign body (such as bacteria). So body temperature may fluctuate between 97 and 100.4. But there is no need to worry.

When to Consider Checking?
Routine check up is unnecessary. You may consider to check when:

  • You feel the warmth while you touch
  • You feel very tired, dizzy and lose appetite
  • You feel nauseated, see rashes on the body, experience loose motion, sore throat, muscle pain, headache, etc.

Is it Time to Worry?
Normally, fever is not dangerous. However, if you see the following conditions, then it's time to worry and call a doctor. 

  • If the body temperature is more than 103 F 
  • If fever lasts for more than five days
  • If you feel difficulty in breathing
  • If there is severe vomiting or diarrhoea
  • If you feel stiffness in the neck and have headache
  • If you feel excessively sleepy and lethargic
  • If you see redness in skin, rashes or blood in stool.

If the condition worsens, it is time to rush to a hospital. There could be following:

  1. Meningitis: it's life-threatening and highly transmissible in case of bacterial infection. A combination of a fever, extreme headache and stiffness in the neck is an indication that you must rush to the emergency department of a hospital near you.
  2. Difficulty in breathing or chest pain along with fever should prompt you to call for emergency medical assistance.
  3. If someone has fever along with blood in stool, urine or mucus, it's one of the reasons to seek for emergency medical help.
  4. If one has fever and is quite disturbed or puzzled unnecessarily, then the person should be taken to the emergency department.
  5. A person with low immune responses (such as one who is suffering from cancer or AIDS) needs doctor's help in case of fever development.
  6. Hyperthermia: it's a condition of very high fever, i.e., more than 104 F. The person seems to be confused and may not respond to verbal stimuli or commands. It's time for medical emergency.

What should You Do?
For mild fever, even home remedy can help. Aspirin shouldn't be the first choice and an absolute no for individuals less than 18 years. Other drugs that people usually tend to consume are ibuprofen or acetaminophen. One should also drink plenty of water. In case of a heat stroke, body needs to be cooled.

Other severe causes such as viral infection should lead you to a doctor.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3 people found this helpful