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Ankylosing Spondylitis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Ankylosing spondylitis ? Causes of Ankylosing Spondylitis How is the condition treated?

What is Ankylosing spondylitis ?

Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of arthritis which affects the spine. It is characterized by stiffness and pain from the lower back to the neck. The vertebrae(spinal bone) fuse together resulting in a rigid bone. Early treatment and diagnoses helps to control stiffness and pain. It can also prevent or reduce significant deformity. Ankylosing spondylitis can have signs such as pain, stiffness, bony fusion and pain in the tendons & ligaments. Yet as such the symptoms of the condition is not limited to the joints.

Causes of Ankylosing Spondylitis

The cause of Ankylosing Spondylitis have not been determined yet. Despite such, some researchers say that there is a strong hereditary link. The HLA-B27 gene is said to be particularly responsible for this condition. But then again statistics found that 10 % people who have this condition also show no symptoms of the condition.

Diagnosing the condition

It is difficult to diagnose the condition with general diagnostic testing such as physical and symptomatic testing. Other diagnostic procedures such as X-rays of the pelvis and the back, measuring the chest while the patient breathes, lab tests infer comparably more confirmative results. A general physician should be initially approached if one experiences or entertains suspicions of the condition’s symptoms. He/she would direct you to a concerned specialist when required.

How is the condition treated?

Unfortunately there is yet no cure for Ankylosing Spondylitis, yet clinical research is in progress. Despite such symptomatic treatments have been observed to reduce discomfort and improve functional abilities. Such treatments aim to abate pain, rigidity, persisting stiffness, regain posture and stance and many cases prevent deformity. Many patients, after such treatments have reportedly been able to resume normal activities with relative ease. Generally a team of physicians comprising of doctors, physical and occupational therapist tend to the patients.

Physical and occupational therapy is found to be very helpful and important to maintain functional abilities of the body and minimize severe deformities. Therapists also suggest customized exercised regimes. Breathing techniques and swimming are the most advised form of exercises.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi I am 35 year old I am suffering from as from last 16 years aa per mri screening of dorsal and lumber spine shows clarification of the intervertebral discs anterior-posterior longitudinal ligaments is there any chance of improvement? Pls reply.

Physiotherapist, Howrah
You are suffering from arthritis disease with take long term medication need regular active excrise like cycling, jogging, long distance walking, arobic excrise etc. Hope your problem keep under control.

What is the difference between bone tuberculosis and ankylosing spondylitis how they both are diagnose? It's is both are curable?

MSPT (Master of Physical Therapy), Bachelor of physiotherapy
Physiotherapist, Gorakhpur
Bone tb is diagnosed by elisa. Tb gold. Cbc .and bone ct or mri. Ffor ankylosing spondylysis blood test hlab27. U should counslt to orthopedics. Dnt do self medication.
1 person found this helpful

What are the exercises allowed in ankylosing spondylitis except for swimming and yoga?

Master of Physical Therapy MPT CARDIO, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Rajkot
Some exercises like aerobics walking jogging, physiotherapy marma therapy and mild mobilization can be done effectively.
6 people found this helpful

Hi, My brother has bamboo spine and I want to know what challenges and difficulties he will face in future?

Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Bending activities and other trunk rotation activities cannot be done. Refer a physiotherapists nearby for early prevention.

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