Our body is prone to illness and diseases. Not to mention the times and circumstances where we live in, we are prone to more number of ailments than at any point in time in human history. As a result, the human species is finding it increasingly difficult to live and feel satisfied at the same moment. This is what occupational therapists aim to achieve. Occupational Therapy is the treatment where the therapists help people to live as independently as possible. They work in tandem with various sections of individuals and try to identify the solution for the things that ail them. They also cooperate closely with differently abled persons and people who have chronic medical conditions and injuries. They also address your psychological aspect and assist you in becoming independent. They also groom you to blend within the society and find your acceptance. Naturally, the treatment works best when the individual is more open to the treatment and gives the appropriate time needed. Even simple activities like eating and dressing can be addressed as a part of Occupational Therapy. In rare cases, even medications and drugs can be prescribed based on your depression levels. The therapists also work in close contact with other teams of doctors to supplement the best medical care for you.
Occupational Therapy can include various levels of treatment and is not tailor made to suit everyone. It is had as a series of sessions, and the therapist first gets to know the patient first so that the right treatment approach can be adhered to. Once the treatment pattern has been established the therapist would recommend opening up with the individual to address his/her needs. These can include personal care activities like eating, dressing, and walking, home skills such as cooking, gardening and personal management skills such as sticking to timelines and efficiently doing a work. Physical exercise is recommended wherever possible and as per the needs of the person. Some of the treatment can be focused on making you adjust to the assisted devices (if you use any) such as a walking stick or a wheelchair. Also in most treatment plans your family member would also be included as they would have a part in the caregiving schedule. Most of the Occupational Therapy deals with the mental or the physical impairments a person has since birth. The second common cause would include people recovering from long-term injury. In some cases, these can include individuals who are recovering from heart attacks, stroke or an amputation.
Occupational therapy as stated earlier focuses on helping people as individually as possible. So an individual who has undergone a medical condition or is in the treatment for a situation can be candidates for such procedures. The treatment is usually imparted to persons with mental and physical impairment so that they can adjust to their surrounding and lead a better life.
The treatments mostly are of a psychological nature and can be safely undergone by any individual. There is no restriction or an eligibility criterion for such therapies, as these focuses on the betterment of a person as a whole. In rare cases when medications are involved, it would be safe to consult your physician about your body condition.
No, there are no side effects for such treatments as they focus on the physical and mental inabilities of a person and the treatment is imparted as a series of self-care, recreational and work activities. They are also imparted as a series of sessions and can be had for life without any repercussions.
Mostly you might be asked to make some lifestyle changes, and you might have to change your home environment to suit your physical needs. The purpose of the treatment is to make you comfortable with yourself and to blend in the society. Hence accordingly you might have to go for group therapies or social sessions to achieve this.
Once again, there is no recovery period as the treatment is an ongoing process and tries to make you adjust to your surroundings and your life. Even after you are completely in sync, you can follow the procedures like undergoing certain activities or recreation to stay yourself fit and happy.
In India, the treatment cost depends on the type of session an individual has and also depends on the number of sessions. Each session can be around the average of INR 350.00 and can go up based on the type of treatment imparted. Occupational therapy is not just a uniform treatment, and it has to be customized as per the person’s individual needs.
The results vary vastly from every person and depend on how well the person adjusts to his surroundings. The results can be permanent in some cases, while in certain cases the treatment has to be undergone for life. You can consult with your therapist and physician on how you fare and how long you have to undergo the treatment. The fundamental purpose of the treatment is to ease back yourself into the society, and it depends on how far you are willing to be open to the treatment.
The options can depend on the basis of your physical condition. For some people meditating and doing yoga can be beneficial, while for others to get back the fitness, they have to work on certain exercises and activities. You can also pursue your hobby and you favorite sports after consulting with your physician.
If you have noticed your child to be restless and anxious all the time, it might look cute as the child is highly energetic, but it could be a cause for concern at the same time. It is not normal and the child could be having ADHD that is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. As the name suggests, it is a disorder with deficiency of attention and in which the child is always hyperactive.
ADHD is a disorder in which the symptoms usually show up before the age of seven. It is characterized by a group of behavioral symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. The impact of these symptoms is felt extensively where his overall self-esteem is affected, be it at home, preschool or school, academics or extracurricular activities and in interpersonal relationships.
The most common symptoms, which are almost diagnostic of ADHD are:
The following are the less common ones:
While these are the pressing symptoms of ADHD, occupational therapy can play a significant role in managing the child in the following ways. As a first step, the caregiver should have a detailed discussion with the school staff and any other people with whom the child interacts significantly.
This will help identify areas that need support from an Occupational Therapy, which are the following:
So, while an ADHD child is definitely a cause for concern, proper support from family can help manage the condition. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.
Weakness of the muscles due to a genetically inherited condition is known as muscular dystrophy. This condition prevents the body from producing the required protein that can help in building muscles. This protein is also responsible for making the muscles strong and stable. This is most commonly seen in children who may seem clumsy as they begin to grow up and indulge in varied kinds of movements. Let us learn more about this condition and the ways in which it may be treated.
The human brain develops astonishingly during the first three years of life. Compared to the rest of the life, the initial three years are crucial to acquire a majority of social and cognitive skills. The brain evolves during this phase immensely. However, the development milestones are not crossed by all the kids in the same manner. In a few kids, the advancement is delayed, and the progress does not happen as desired. For optimal development, such children need additional support. This is where occupational therapy comes into the picture. Yes, this therapy is not related to adults alone and can do wonders for kids. This therapy helps such children to overcome the barriers and lead a normal life gradually.
When you take the kids to an occupational therapist, he or she observes the kid. The apt plan or method to improve the skills or to train the kid to do a specific set of daily chores is devised based on the kid's condition. The age group of the kid, too, plays a vital role in designing the therapy. The therapy can be conducted in a hospital, school, home, or a specialized care center.
How occupational therapy can help in case of a trauma
Trauma can lead to a lot of changes in the your personality, way of thinking, behaviour and communication skills as well. It’s very common in children.But in order to recover or get better, you will need the expertise and the guidance of an occupational therapist. They will help your child to relearn whatever skill they want to, make them take part in things they like to do in order to keep themselves busy,make them more independent than ever so that they can take part in different types of activities.Your child will be under the observation and they will take a note of your child’s strength and weaknesses. You must be having a lot of questions in your mind, so let’s find out more about the occupational therapists.
Where will they see your child?
If you take your child to a trauma centre,your kid will be either at the paediatric intensive care unit or any general ward.There are some cases where your child might be referred to the local services which would be very close to home or the school.
What will your occupational therapist do when you’re in the hospital?
Firstly, an OT will talk to you about your daily life and how you are following the injury.They might even ask you about your home and different stuff related to it.They might ask you about the number of steps to your bathroom or Living room and various other basic questions.The purpose of this is to make a note in how you are going to get around in your own house after the process.There have been cases where the OT even might visit your house in order to provide you his valuable advise. In order to make the daily activities easier you might be given some equipments in order to raise your confidence and to make your activities easier.
What is occupational therapy all about?
The different types of activities that you might have to perform when you’re at the hospital are as follows:
- You’ll be given equipments to make your life easier and to gain confidence.
- You might be prescribed to use a wheelchair in order to make your daily life easier.
- Talking about your daily life which consists of basic things which are very important to you.
- Proper therapy in order to get over the trauma and to improve.
The time taken for recovery is different for each and everyone. It will take a longer period of time for a brain injury but in some cases all it might take is just a couple of weeks. What we should always keep in our mind is that intervention and a regular therapy session is very much important and will make a difference in the process of healing or recovery. The main aim of the operational therapist is to make sure that you do the normal things which you do regularly as safe and quickly as possible and to recover from the trauma to be perfectly fit and fine, both from the inside and the outside.
Cerebral palsy and occupational therapy
In order to recover the skills that are required for leading an independent and a satisfying life after any injury or disease, an occupational therapist is required. The word occupation refers to the tasks which one has to perform everyday not to one’s profession. Muscle and joint coordination issues can be fixed with the help of occupational therapy in case if kids .These include the daily activities like eating, brushing using the toilet. With the help of OT your cognitive and social abilities and even your motor skills will improve at a very good rate.
How is this beneficial for children with cerebral palsy?
Occupational therapy will be helpful to the children who are specially suffering from cerebral palsy. These benefits includes:
- It will increase the chances of making your child more independent.
- It will boost their ability to play as well as to learn.
- The self esteem and the confidence of your child will readily increase.
- They’ll have a sense of accomplishment.
- Their quality of life will improve as well.
- This is also beneficial for the parents as well. It will reduce your stress and will provide you with a sense of security.
What to expect?
Occupational therapy is different for different children who have cerebral palsy. It depends on one’s physical, intellectual and social emotional abilities .The first session is basically done for evaluation where your child’s fine motor and will be observed how your child responds to touch or any kind of movement. The parents are also interviewed in order to find out about the strengths and the weaknesses of your child. For children with cerebral palsy, a revaluation should be done in every 7-8 months in order to see the progress and change the treatment plan accordingly as per the improvement .The operational therapist will use some specific techniques which will help your child to improve very quickly and reach their destination.
These techniques are :
Paediatric constraint induced Movement therapy: This therapy helps your child to move the weaker parts of the body by restraining the stronger counterpart. If you child has a difficulty in moving one of the arms then the stronger arm will be restrained and the weaker arm will be trained in order to gain the strength.
Sensory integration therapy: This type of therapy will help your child to improve the ability bro receive , interpret and act on the information and situations that comes in your child’s brain with the help of sensory receptors .
Occupational therapy has been a very important part in improving the physical and the mental discomfort faced by your child when he or she is suffering from cerebral palsy. The therapist may even provide your child with some gadgets in order to make his /her daily life easier and more independent. This helps your child to improve and gradually get better at it without any sort of negativity. While you’re looking for a OT make sure the person has enough experience and knowledge, just to ensure that your child gets the right treatment.