A genetic disorder, Down’s Syndrome is caused due to extra genetic material during cell division. It is the faulty arrangement of chromosomes which results in the Down’s Syndrome. It approximately affects one in 800 births around the world, across a wide spectrum of race, gender, region, and socio-economy. Since it is a naturally occurring condition whose underlying cause cannot be controlled or regulated, there is nothing one can do to undo this condition. Instead, people with Down’s Syndrome, because they are generally socially and intellectually underdeveloped, are equipped with learnings and interventions related to life-skills from very early in life and striving towards making them independent. Various therapies can be incorporated for improving the overall quality of life of the people born with Down’s Syndrome.
Occupational Therapy and Down’s Syndrome -
Development of motor skills is delayed in the children born with Down’s Syndrome. This is due to their certain physical characteristics like low muscle tone (hypotonia), loose ligaments or ligamentous laxity making the joints extra flexible, and decreased strength.
The aim of the Occupational Therapy for children born with Down’s Syndrome is to facilitate or enable the development of movement patterns optimally, as against accelerating the rate of development which is a general assumption. It helps in achieving developmental milestones in an efficient manner. Occupational Therapy hence helps children in developing a good or correct posture, aligning their foot properly for proper balance and movement, improving their walking pattern, and helping them generally through developing fine and gross motor skills for carrying out daily activities.
Moreover, Occupational Therapy helps in teaching self-care skills like getting dressed, eating, toileting writing, using a computer, etc. For teenagers, Occupational Therapy helps in identifying suitable skills, careers, jobs, and vocations to match with strengths, capabilities, and interests. Sensory integration activities help in teaching the child to produce an appropriate response to any situation, and in developing attention and concentration.
Occupational Therapy Assessment -
Children with Down’s Syndrome have delayed gross and fine motor skills, and lack basic cognitive and communication skills among many other issues they face due to their condition. Occupational Therapy addresses all these shortcomings of development for comprehensive management of the disease.
Occupational Therapy checks the sensorimotor components like muscular tone, strength, endurance, coordination, balance, range of motion, hand function, and posture. It also checks the perceptual and cognitive components like memory, attention, figure-ground, and directionality. For checking social skills, areas like peer relationship, verbal and non- verbal communication, and group interaction are assessed.
According to the assessment results, intervention strategies and fun activities are devised for the child to promote optimal function of motor senses.
Take Away -
Down’s Syndrome cannot be cured but can be managed through methods like Occupational Therapy which helps in teaching basic life skills for making the patients confident and independent to face the world on their own.
Frozen shoulder, which is also known as adhesive capsulitis, refers to a condition that is characterized by stiffness and pain in one’s shoulder joint. The symptoms usually begin in a gradual manner and become worse over a period of time. As far as treatment for this problem is concerned, occupational therapy can be of great help. The therapists make use of different methods of treatment, which include gentle stretching exercises, moist heat, applying ice packs and certain home exercise programs. The treatment methods, which they adopt, are particularly designed to reduce the level of pain and increase one’s movements. Before we talk about the tips on different methods of occupational therapy treatments for frozen shoulder, let us briefly talk about the symptoms of this problem.
Symptoms of Frozen Shoulder
This problem of Frozen Shoulder usually develops in a slow manner and there are three stages. Those include:
- Freezing Stage: During this stage, even a slight movement of one’s shoulder leads to a lot of pain and the range of motion starts becoming very limited.
- Frozen Stage: In this stage, pain may start to get reduced, though the shoulder could get stiffer and thus using it becomes very difficult.
- Thawing Stage: In Thawing Stage, the range of motion in one’s shoulder starts to improve.
Occupational Therapy Treatment for Frozen Shoulder
Occupational therapy treatments form a critical part of one’s recovery and also rehabilitation from this injury. Let us see the tips on exactly how can occupational therapists help treat this problem of frozen shoulder:
- The primary aim of an occupational therapist is to reduce pain and cause an interruption in the cycle of inflammation.
- Now, once that is done, next, the treatments are mainly directed towards getting the muscles to relax. This will help people to regain the motion and that would assist in the functioning of one's shoulder.
- In case, if one’s shoulder pain is too strong to start working on the movement of the shoulder, the Occupational Therapist might start off with treatments, which focus on controlling pain.
- The therapists who make patients undergo the treatment can make use of ultrasound, ice, heat and several other electrical modalities, which could be extremely useful at this particular stage.
- A therapist can also use massages along with little mobilizations, in order to ease out the discomfort caused by muscle spasm and pain.
- These therapists can also help people with a frozen shoulder to stretch their shoulders through the ranges of motion, which are available.
- He or she might also suggest patients do pendular exercises, where they would lean forward, let the arm hang totally clear from the chest and then look to initiate movement with one's trunk so that the dangling limb moves gently and in a passive manner.
In order to recover the skills that are required for leading an independent and a satisfying life after any injury or disease, an occupational therapist is required. The word occupation refers to the tasks which one has to perform every day, not to one’s profession. Muscle and joint coordination issues can be fixed with the help of occupational therapy in case if kids. These include daily activities like eating, brushing using the toilet. With the help of OT your cognitive and social abilities and even your motor skills will improve at a very good rate.
How is this beneficial for children with cerebral palsy?
Occupational therapy will be helpful to children who are specially suffering from cerebral palsy. These benefits include:
What to expect?
Occupational therapy is different for different children who have cerebral palsy. It depends on one’s physical, intellectual and social-emotional abilities. The first session is basically done for evaluation where your child’s fine motor and will be observed how your child responds to touch or any kind of movement. The parents are also interviewed in order to find out about the strengths and the weaknesses of your child. For children with cerebral palsy, a revaluation should be done in every 7-8 months in order to see the progress and change the treatment plan accordingly as per the improvement. The operational therapist will use some specific techniques which will help your child to improve very quickly and reach their destination.
These techniques are :
1. Pediatric constraint-induced Movement therapy: This therapy helps your child to move the weaker parts of the body by restraining the stronger counterpart. If your child has a difficulty in moving one of the arms then the stronger arm will be restrained and the weaker arm will be trained in order to gain the strength.
2. Sensory integration therapy: This type of therapy will help your child to improve the ability bro receive, interpret and act on the information and situations that comes in your child’s brain with the help of sensory receptors.
Occupational therapy has been a very important part in improving the physical and the mental discomfort faced by your child when he or she is suffering from cerebral palsy. The therapist may even provide your child with some gadgets in order to make his /her daily life easier and more independent. This helps your child to improve and gradually get better at it without any sort of negativity. While you’re looking for an OT make sure the person has enough experience and knowledge, just to ensure that your child gets the right treatment.
Sensory Processing Disorder refers to a condition in which the brain has problems in receiving and responding to information, which comes through the sense organs. The problems of sensory processing are usually found among children but they can even affect the adults. People receive all kinds of input through how we see, taste, smell, touch and through all our body-centred senses of touch, movement, gravity as well as the position of the body. Occupational therapy is an appropriate treatment that tends to focus on assisting all those people who suffer from sensory processing disorders. Before we talk about the tips, let us briefly talk about the symptoms and causes behind Sensory Processing Disorder
Symptoms Of Sensory Processing Disorder
There are different kinds of symptoms, which can clearly indicate that a child or even an adult is suffering from this disorder. They include:
- The smell of any particular food might cause a problem and a child can have vomiting tendency.
- There are even those, who might scream as and when they get touched.
There are certain reasons as to why this sensory processing disorder occurs. They include:
- Abnormal activity inside one’s brain as and when they get exposed to light and sound in a simultaneous manner.
- All those children, who are quite hypersensitive towards light and sound, could have due to a very strong genetic component. Tips on Occupational Therapy Treatment for Sensory Processing Disorder As discussed earlier, occupational therapy can come to great help for all those who suffer from sensory processing disorder.
Let us talk about the tips regarding the Occupational Therapy:
Treatment for dealing with this problem of Sensory Processing Disorder:
- The occupational therapists initially try to carefully evaluate the issues, which a particular child is facing. A therapist can use certain tests and also keep a close watch on the child's behavior and keep talking to the child like a teacher.
- The Occupational Therapists look to get the kids or even adults involved in different physical activities, which are exclusively designed for regulating their sensory input and ultimately make them feel comfortable, secured and focused.
- Occupational therapists make use of something known as brushing. This is particularly applicable for children, who find the normal sensations like touch, walking barefoot really irritating.
- The therapists tend to carry out the treatment in a particular setting remains outfitted with special equipment known as a sensory gym. The equipment helps children to get into activities like swing, crash in padded surfaces.
- Another exclusive tip regarding occupational therapy for treating this disorder is that the therapists can design a sensory treatment plan, which is completely customized to suit their needs. Children could be made to go through certain activities, which would provide the stimulation that they need from weight and the contact that assist them to feel at home to tastes.
Arthritis is a condition in which people suffer from stiffness of joints, purely because they prevent the movements that can lead to an increase in pain. Now, due to the non-movement of the joints, both the amount of stiffness and pain associated with it can get even worse. Occupational Therapy can be of great help in this regard. They can tell people how to reduce strain on their joints while getting involved in daily activities. The therapists can even show people how they can modify the environments both at home and in their workplaces to reduce activities, which can lead to aggravating the condition of arthritis further.
Tips on How Occupational Therapy Can Help Treat Arthritis
People on visiting an occupational therapist, discuss the symptoms which they commonly come across. They include joint pain, stiff joints, and swelling. On discussing these symptoms, they help an occupational therapist to understand the extent of the problem of arthritis. Occupational Therapists would know that wear and tear of the cartilage is one of the main causes behind the occurrence of arthritis, which happens out of wear and tear. Other than this, a therapist would also know that an autoimmune disorder could also have resulted in this condition.
Let us take you through the tips as to how Occupational Therapists can help people overcome their problem of arthritis after he or she has got a clear picture of how arthritis was caused and what the patients are going through. The tips include:
- Once a therapist has analyzed an individual’s condition on arthritis, first and foremost, he or she would conduct a physical examination, which would focus on the range of motions along with the joint deformities, which would be interfering with their physical activities.
- Then, the occupational therapist makes an assessment regarding the need for splints or supports.
- The therapist can even help in designing the custom splints or other suitable assistive devices.
- These therapists provide immense help in overcoming a person's limitations with regard to their limbs movements by creating a proper plan.
- They help in teaching certain technique on joint protection, which are extremely important for reducing the stress on joints, conserve energy and also prevent further damage.
- Occupational therapists help plan out exactly how people can balance work with rest.
- They harp on the fact that one should sit while doing some work rather than stand.
- While lifting some object, they advise people to make use of two hands rather than one.
- They even provide an extremely useful tip, wherein the therapists suggest that people can avoid the tight grip of hands.
- Moreover, Occupational Therapists instruct people to use assistive devices, which help in compensating for the loss of range of motion.
In order to recover the skills that are required for leading an independent and satisfying life after an injury or disease, an occupational therapist is required. The word occupation refers to the tasks which one has to perform every day, excluding one’s profession. Muscle and joint coordination issues can be fixed with the help of occupational therapy in case of kids. These include daily activities like eating, brushing and using the toilet. With the help of OT, your cognitive and social abilities and even your motor skills will improve at a very good rate.
How is this beneficial for children with cerebral palsy?
Occupational therapy will be helpful to children who are especially suffering from cerebral palsy. These benefits include:
- Increased chances of making your child more independent.
- Enhanced ability to play as well as learn.
- Increased self-esteem and confidence.
- A sense of accomplishment.
- Improvement in the quality of life.
- Benefits the parents as well. Reduce stress and provides a sense of security.
What to expect?
Occupational therapy is different for different children who have cerebral palsy. It depends on one’s physical, intellectual and social-emotional abilities. The first session is basically done for evaluation where it will be observed how your child responds to touch or any kind of movement. The parents are also interviewed in order to find out about the strengths and the weaknesses of your child. For children with cerebral palsy, a revaluation should be done in every 7-8 months in order to see the progress and change the treatment plan accordingly as per the improvement. The operational therapist will use some specific techniques which will help your child to improve very quickly and reach their destination.
These techniques are:
Paediatric constraint induced Movement therapy: This therapy helps your child to move the weaker parts of the body by restraining the stronger counterpart. If your child has difficulty in moving one of the arms then the stronger arm will be restrained and the weaker arm will be trained in order to gain the strength.
Sensory integration therapy: This type of therapy will help your child to improve the ability to interpret and act on the information and situations that come in your child’s brain with the help of sensory receptors.
Occupational therapy has been a very important part in improving the physical and the mental discomfort faced by your child when he or she is suffering from cerebral palsy. The therapist may even provide your child with some gadgets in order to make his/her daily life easier and more independent. This helps your child to improve and gradually get better at it without any sort of negativity. While you’re looking for an OT, make sure the person has enough experience and knowledge, just to ensure that your child gets the right treatment.
Occupational Therapy for Children with ADHD. Necessary for kids with Attention Deficit hyperactive disorder because it's channelises their energy in the right way.
The OT will also do a test to find out your child's strengths and weaknesses. Then they'll recommend ways to address his issues.
During a therapy session, the occupational therapist and your child might:
Sensory processing and occupational therapy is an essential diet for kids with - ADHD, Autism, Neurological Disorder, Developmental Disorders.
Processing sights, sounds, smells, and other things. But there is some debate as to whether this is an actual disorder. The American Academy of Pediatrics believes that sensory processing problems exist, but doesn’t consider it a separate disorder.
Most people can filter out the screams of a fire engine siren or the sound of a flushing toilet. But for some kids with ADHD, these sights and sounds overwhelm their senses.
Some children with the condition pull away from too much stimulation. Others crave even more. They're the ones who can swing and spin endlessly.
Occupational therapists use a technique called sensory integrative therapy to help kids with ADHD who have a sensory processing disorder. In this technique, the therapist helps to reorganize the child's sensory system, using:
The research on sensory processing disorder is still new. There is some evidence that this technique can help improve issues like impulsivity and hyperactivity. But most experts think occupational therapy is best for help in treating weaknesses in coordination and organization, which children with ADHD often have.
Why should you choose Occupational Therapy for Developmental Disabilities?
In this article, we will be talking more about Occupational therapy and how it can effectively help those who are suffering from developmental disabilities. Do you know what occupational therapy is? Well, we have discussed it in detail in this article, so have a look.
What is Occupational Therapy?
Occupational Therapy is the form of therapy in which a patient is treated so that they can participate in all the everyday activities in life and not let their disabilities hinder their ability from engaging in everyday activities. People from all age groups can be treated with occupational therapy. This kind of therapy helps not only to receive a rejuvenating effect but also improve the living standards of the people who are suffering from different health and mental problems.
Why should patients with developmental disabilities choose occupational therapy?
Patients with developmental disabilities should choose occupational therapy because by undergoing these therapy sessions they will be able to perform their daily tasks and engage in everyday activities. Their disabilities will not anymore be a hindrance for them. Nowadays, doctors and therapists use these techniques because they provide a much more calming and gentle treatment to the overall problem which has the ability to solve a mental or health issue naturally.
How are the patients treated?
Occupational therapy helps children with developmental disabilities to participate not only in school but also in all other social activities. The therapy must be spread among everyone so that they can be aware of it and the necessary individuals receive the right treatment.
Adults are also treated so that they can again perform their daily tasks normally. People who suffer from developmental disorders or are recovering from injuries can regain their skills with the help of this therapy.
Before the treatment is started, a thorough evaluation is done by the therapist in order to determine what are the goals that the person has to achieve and the treatment is designed accordingly. Custom designed interventions are done so that the person can develop the ability to perform daily tasks and activities on their own. An evaluation is done of the outcome of the therapy in order to determine if the set goals are being reached or not and if necessary what changes should be made to it.
Specialised assessments of the adult clients are done so that it can be determined that what are the specific skill sets that the client has to develop in order to be able to do a job. A lot of different tests are also done beforehand to make sure there are no complications.
People suffering from developmental disabilities should undergo occupational therapy so that they can improve their conditions and live a normal life like everybody else. People from all age groups suffering from developmental disabilities should undergo occupational therapy as it will not only help children to attend schools like regular kids but adults also will be able to live a normal life by doing jobs and engaging in all forms of social activities.
Stroke is one of the major reasons for disability in adults. In the US alone, 7 million people suffer from a stroke in a year. After a stroke, the affected individual suffers from lots of health issues. They feel week and fatigued. An ache in one side of the body, inability to walk, and social disability are experienced. Emotional and cognitive functioning is disturbed. Continuum care is recommended for the affected individuals and they need interdisciplinary care to ensure they can do things independently. This is where occupational therapy plays a vital role.
What does the therapist do?
Using a range of evidence-based methods, the occupational therapists can address the physical, emotional, and mental challenges caused by the stroke. Occupational therapy does not concentrate only on the ailment. It takes into account the emotional needs, desires, limitations, and activities of the stroke survivors. It helps them to recoup the skill to get the daily chores done independently. An occupational therapist surveys the home of the stroke survivor and evaluates the risk of hazards. The practitioner also helps the affected individuals in coping with the loss of vision and memory. The physical strength and fortitude are augmented. The major focus will be on making the affected reach the heights of performance in the valued occupations.
How does it help?
Studies prove that occupational therapy does not only help one to recover faster, but also prevents worsening of the condition further. The stroke survivor, who receives the occupational therapy, is independent when it comes to daily living chores. Wouldn’t it be a great improvement on the emotional health when the affected feels he or she can get things done with little or occasional help? Also, this reduces the caregiver burden. The family is relieved that the survivor can eat, bath, and take a few things without someone having to sit closer and help. This mentally boosts the caregivers and the family to motivate the survivor. The stroke survivor also looks forward to the rehabilitation treatment as the occupational therapy makes them feel great.
Transitional and community integration services can make sure that the patients are engaged in their specific environments, once they get back home after occupational therapy in the specialized care center. After a certain period, when the stroke survivors show considerable improvement, the practitioner again evaluates to find if activities like driving can be resumed by the clients. Community mobility of different choices is recommended if the client is not fit for driving. There are driver rehab programs and the driving skills can be regained.
An occupational therapist spends more time with the client than any other healthcare professional. This is because the practitioner is responsible for alleviating the challenges faced by the affected individual emotionally and physically. The practitioner not only helps the client to achieve the goals but also ensures that the client is psychologically motivated whenever he or she is discouraged. Rehabilitation can reverse the damage done to the brain. But it takes lots of efforts to learn the things to do them in a different way. An occupational therapist makes this goal easier for his or her clients.