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Overview

Arthritis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

You may have arthritis if you experience stiffness and pain or moving around is difficult. Swelling of the joints and pain is there in most types of arthritis. The junction at which two bones connect is called a joint, like the knee or elbow. With time an inflamed joint can get badly damaged. The skin and eyes may also get affected in certain types of arthritis.

The different kinds of arthritis are.

  • Osteoarthritis- It is the most prevalent kind of arthritis. An injury or aging is usually the cause for osteoarthritis.
  • Autoimmune arthritis- It happens due to the immune system attacking functional cells in the body by accident. The commonest type of this arthritis is rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Infectious arthritis- It spreads to the joint from a different body part.
  • Juvenile arthritis- It takes place in children.
  • Psoriatic arthritis- People with psoriasis are affected by this.
  • Gout- When there is an excess build-up of uric acid within the body, it leads to gout. It generally originates from the toes. Arthritis can’t be cured but several treatments are available that may successfully alleviate the pain.

Here are some non-surgical treatments:

  • Changes in lifestyle- Certain daily habits and changes in life can reduce the spread of the disease and help with the pain as well.
  • Reducing activities that make the condition worse.
  • Changing to activities that reduce impact on the ankles and feet, instead of the high impact ones.
  • Weight loss to decrease the impact on joints for increase in function and pain reduction.
  • Physical therapy- Certain exercises help increase the range of flexibility and motion. The ankle and feet muscles can be built up as well.

A physiotherapist or a doctor can create a customized exercise regime to meet your lifestyle and needs. Even though physiotherapy aims to alleviate pain, sometimes it may have the opposite effect due to friction build up on the joints. If this happens, then an alternative treatment needs to be sought and you should immediately consult your doctor.

Assistive devices- Walking with a cane or wearing braces might improve mobility. Custom made shoes for arthritis, reduce pain as well.

Medications- Painkillers like naproxen and ibuprofen reduce pain and swelling. Cortisone injections may relieve pain and help manage the inflammation. These however, aren’t permanent. Surgery helps with the pain and makes life functional again. It may however take up to 9 months for full recovery.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Symptoms
Increase in swelling and pain in mornings, or after resting and sitting Motion induced pain Vigorous activity induced pain Redness, warmth and swelling in the joints. Tenderness on applying pressure to the joint.

Popular Health Tips

Rheumatoid Arthritis - Ayurvedic Treatment For It!

Dr. Sandeep Shah 94% (57 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Advance Diploma in Psychological Counseling, Advance Diploma in Nutrition and Dietetics, MD - Alternate Medicine, M.A. Sanskrit
Ayurveda, Indore
Rheumatoid Arthritis - Ayurvedic Treatment For It!
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder in which the body recognizes the body's own system as foreign and produces an inflammatory reaction. The synovium which is the space between the bones and the joints and contains a lubricating fluid which allows easy movement of the joints. Inflammation of this space leads to painful, swollen joints that can also turn red and become stiff over a period of time. The joint surfaces can gradually progress to produce deformities (the swan-neck deformity of the hand for instance) and disability. Because it is an autoimmune disorder, the exact etiology is not known but a lifestyle, stress, cold weather are supposedly predisposing factors. That being the case, it is not surprising that Ayurveda has a variety of options, both in terms of do's and don't be to manage rheumatoid arthritis - both the severity of symptoms and further progression of the disease. Do's: A well-planned diet will help by supporting optimal functioning of the immune system and nourish the affected joints. People diagnosed with RA should follow a diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables. Drumsticks, bitter gourd, carrot, papaya, green leafy vegetables, etc., reduce inflammation and hyperactivity of the immune system. The antioxidant properties in these neutralize the free radicals circulating in the body (responsible for increasing inflammation). This helps control the longstanding inflammation of the joints. It is also advisable to eat them as whole fruits and not as juices. The fiber in the whole fruits helps digestion. Sprinkle pepper powder over cooling food items like cucumber and radish (or completely avoid eating such food). Include garlic which is an excellent remedy for RA, can be mixed with buttermilk. Whole grains such as wheat, brown rice, millet, barley are beneficial for RA, their high fiber content helps in proper digestion and promotes regular bowel movements. Aged honey mixed with plain water. Drink boiled milk to which dry ginger powder is added; this can replace tea and coffee. Milk mixed with turmeric powder is also helpful in controlling inflammation. Work at reducing weight. Don'ts: In addition to adding the above to your diet, there are some things to avoid, which can worsen symptoms of inflammation. Avoid overall unhealthy and irregular diet habits which affects the immune system and aggravates symptoms. Avoid sleeping during daytime and staying awake at nights. Avoid deep fried foods and fermented food items. Given its autoimmune nature, it is better to avoid regular allergy-inducing foods like dairy products, soy, peanuts, processed foods, artificial additives, etc. These could trigger an enhanced allergic reaction. Avoid alcohol, tobacco. Avoid tea and coffee and other caffeinated drinks. With simple daily food habit and lifestyle changes, the severity of RA can be managed effectively.
3 people found this helpful

Rheumatoid Arthritis - Ways It Can Be Treated!

Dr. Deepak Arora 86% (104 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Delhi
Rheumatoid Arthritis - Ways It Can Be Treated!
Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune condition wherein the body s immune system mistakenly attacks the linings of the joint. This condition affects both sides of the body including the eyes, hands and legs. Unlike the depreciating damage of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis causes a distressful swelling that consequently leads to bone deformity and even erosion. As such, it is one of the more important characteristics of the condition which distinguishes it from other forms of arthritis. It often leads to debilitating disabilities. Risk factors and complications Factors such as obesity, smoking, age (affects mostly after the age of 40) and many environmental factors increase the risk of Rheumatoid arthritis. In severe cases, rheumatoid arthritis can lead to a plethora of other conditions such as: Dry mouth and eyes Osteoporosis Abnormal body composition Treatment Blood and imaging tests will first be carried out. Based on such diagnosis, you may be advised medications such as steroids or Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). Now in case of severe pain, one would have to take to surgery. Varying surgeries work on different joints of the body and some of these include: Arthroplasty: This procedure replaces all or a part of the joint for instance, the knee or the hip. Arthroscopy: A procedure which helps pull out inflamed tissue or debris from the required joint with the help of light, small instruments. Cervical spinal fusion: Pressure on the median nerve is eased with this procedure. Hands and foot surgeries: These procedures help correct dysfunctional joints of the hands, fingers, legs and toes. Synovectomy: Synovectomy helps remove more intricate tissues which are inflamed or otherwise. What to consider before you opt for one? Although these various surgeries often restore almost-normal movements in the patient, they can only do so in two or possibly three joints. And of course, it goes without saying that you should consult with an orthopaedist orthopaedic surgeon) experienced in arthritis and joint surgeries before opting for such.
5 people found this helpful

Osteoarthritis: Not Just an 'Old Horse Disease'!

Dr. Ajay Rao 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS, DNB - Orthopedics, Fellowship in Upperlimb and Limb Reconstruction (Australia)
Orthopedist, Bangalore
Osteoarthritis: Not Just an 'Old Horse Disease'!
Osteoarthritis: Complications and risk factors Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It affects millions of people around the world and is caused due to the gradual wear and tear of the protective cartilage at the end of your bones. The condition most commonly affects the joints in the hands, knees, hips and spine although it can damage any joint in the body. The symptoms of osteoarthritis develop slowly and get worse with time, and include pain during and after physical activities like movement. The joints may become tender and may pain even with the application of light pressure. Stiffness and loss of flexibility are some of the other symptoms. The loss of cartilage due to gradual wear and tear causes the condition. It causes the smooth surface of the cartilage to become rough, giving rise to friction. Some of the risk factors involved that can increase your chances of developing the condition are: Old age - The chance of osteoarthritis increases with a person's age. Sex - A study concluded that women are more likely to develop the condition. Although there isn't an established reason, lesser physical activity is attributed as a possible cause. Obesity - Having excessive body weight can be a contributing factor. This is because it puts added pressure on the weight-bearing joints, such as the hips and the knees. Joint injuries - Joint injuries contracted due to sports activities, accidents or other such factors can increase the likelihood of this condition. Genetics - In some of the cases, the condition is observed to be passed from generation to generation. Bone deformities - Some people who are born with bone deformities and defects can have greater chances of having this condition. Other diseases - Having diseases like diabetes and gout can increase the risk of the condition. Some of the complications of this disease are: - Joint pain and stiffness may cause hurdles in daily activities. Daily activities like changing clothes can be painful. - Some people are unable to work any longer. Joint replacement surgeries are advised by doctors in these cases.
2413 people found this helpful

How Ayurveda Helps Treat Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Dr. Dnyaneshwar Mitke 94% (894 ratings)
BAMS, MD, Panchakrma
Ayurveda, Nashik
How Ayurveda Helps Treat Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis is allopathic terminology used for disease. According to ayurveda, it comes under vatvyadhi among all vatvyadhi, you can compare it with amavata and vatrakta it depends upon person to person symptoms. According to ayurveda, when a person comes to you first give langhana that is fasting so that amapachana is done i.e. for toxin removal then give dipan pachan drugs like guduchi amalaki mustha. Its kashay gives good resultm then in panchakrama, vaitarana basti plays an important role. It removes avarodha in the Channel. Sarvanga with saindhvadi tail is useful in medicines. You can take tablet - Rhumalya forte tablet, sinhanada guggul tablet, punarnava guggul syrup, rasna saptak kashay also plays an important role, for the local application you can use vishagarbha tail to avoid potato bringal toor dal, chana dal, thus by this way ayurveda helps in treating rheumatoid arthritis. Inflammation of this space leads to painful, swollen joints that can also turn red and become stiff over a period of time. The joint surfaces can gradually progresses to produce deformities (the swan-neck deformity of the hand for instance) and disability. Because it is an autoimmune disorder, the exact etiology is not known but lifestyle, stress, cold weather are supposedly predisposing factors. That being the case, it is not surprising that Ayurveda has a variety of options, both in terms of do's and don't's to manage rheumatoid arthritis - both the severity of symptoms and further progression of the disease. Do's: A well-planned diet will help by supporting optimal functioning of the immune system and nourish the affected joints. People diagnosed with RA should follow a diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables. Drumsticks, bitter gourd, carrot, papaya, green leafy vegetables, cabbage, etc., reduce inflammation and hyperactivity of the immune system. The antioxidant properties in these neutralize the free radicals circulating in the body (responsible for increasing inflammation). This helps control the longstanding inflammation of the joints It is also advisable to eat them as whole fruits and not as juices. The fiber in the whole fruits helps digestion Sprinkle pepper powder over cooling food items like cucumber and radish Include garlic which is an excellent remedy for RA, can be mixed with buttermilk Whole grains such as wheat, brown rice, millet, barley are beneficial for RA, their high fiber content helps in proper digestion and promotes regular bowel movements Honey mixed with water Drink boiled milk to which dry ginger powder is added; this can replace tea and coffee Milk mixed with turmeric powder is also helpful in controlling inflammation Work at reducing weight Don'ts: In addition to adding the above to your diet, there are some things to avoid, which can worsen symptoms of inflammation. Avoid overall unhealthy and irregular diet habits which affects the immune system and aggravates symptoms Avoid sleeping during daytime and staying awake at nights Avoid deep fried foods and fermented food items Given its autoimmune nature, it is better to avoid regular allergy-inducing foods like dairy products, soy, peanuts, processed foods, artificial additives, etc. These could trigger an enhanced allergic reaction. Avoid alcohol, tobacco Avoid tea and coffee and other caffeinated drinks With simple daily food habit and lifestyle changes, the severity of RA can be managed effectively. Along with do's and don'ts, follow ayurvedic treatment with proper ayurvedic physician. It will give much relief. RA is treated in Ayurveda very nicely but you require patience and dos pathya regularly. With the help of Panchakarma, ayurveda breaks the pathology of rheumatoid arthritis. With the help of medicines, we remove the toxins. And helps to treat the patient. Some drugs like mahavatvidvans ras. Vatgajankush ras mahrasnadi kadha. Helps to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
3652 people found this helpful

Know More About Gout!

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Know More About Gout!
What is gout? Gout is characterized by inflamed, painful joints due to the formation of crystal deposits at the joints. It also known as the disease of kings and the king of diseases because it was associated with overindulgence of rich foods and wine. In truth, anyone can get gout. Gout affects more men than women and is often associated with obesity, hypertension (high blood pressure), hyperlipidemia (high levels of lipids in the blood), and diabetes. This condition is a form of inflammatory arthritis that results in painful attacks in the joints. It can cause swelling and redness, and in some cases, it can lead to lumpy deposits that can be seen under the skin. It can also lead to the development of kidney stones. What causes gout? Gout is caused by monosodium urate crystal deposits in the joints, due to an excess of uric acid in the body. The excess of uric acid may be caused by an increase in production by the body, underelimination of the uric acid by the kidneys, or increased intake of certain foods that metabolize into uric acid in the body. Foods that are high in purines (the component of the food that metabolizes into uric acid) include certain meats, such as game meats, kidney, brains, and liver; seafood, such as anchovies, herring, scallops, sardines, and mackerel; dried beans, and dried peas. Alcoholic beverages and sugary drinks high in fructose may also increase levels of uric acid in the body. Gout attacks may be triggered by any or all of the following: Consumption of alcohol Consumption of protein-rich foods Fatigue Emotional stress Minor surgery Illness What are the symptoms of gout? Gout is characterized by sudden, recurrent attacks that often occur without warning. Severe, chronic gout may lead to deformity. The following are the most common symptoms of gout. However each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include: Severe, sudden pain in one or more joints (most often the joint in the big toe) Swollen joint(s) Red or purplish, tight, shiny skin over joint Warmth in joint area Fever Chills General feeling of illness Hard lumps of urate crystal deposits under the skin (called tophi) The symptoms of gout may resemble other medical conditions or problems. Always consult your doctor for a diagnosis. How is gout diagnosed? In addition to a complete medical history and a physical examination, a diagnosis of gout may be confirmed with the examination of a fluid sample from the joint for the presence of urate crystals. Treatment for gout Specific treatment for gout will be determined by your doctor based on: Your age, overall health, and medical history Extent of the condition Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, and therapies Expectation for the course of the condition Your opinion or preference Treatment may include: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications to relieve pain and inflammation Colchicine, an oral or intravenous medication to relieve pain and inflammation; may cause diarrhea and other side effects Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation Increasing fluid intake while avoiding alcoholic beverages Reducing the intake of protein-rich foods Reducing weight (if obesity is a factor) Medication to lower the uric acid level in the blood Medication to block production of uric acid in the body Surgery to remove extremely large tophi
2 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi my son with the age 11 years suffering with spondylitis arthritis from last 3 months, we consulted doctors rheumatologist in but still the problem is spread to foot joints neck and head nerves he could not sit 2 min even please suggest us. The patient getting daily 1 hr savior back pain.

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 89% (14829 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, MPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
• Apply Hot Fomentation twice daily • . Avoid bending in front. • Postural Correction- Sit Tall, Walk Tall. • Extension Exercises x 15 times x twice daily - lying on tummy, take left arm up for 3 seconds, then bring it down, right arm up for 3 seconds, bring down. Bring right leg up, hold for 3 seconds, bring it down. Then right leg up and hold for 3 seconds and bring it down. Repeat twice a day- 10 times. • Bhujang Asana -- Lie flat on your stomach, keeping the palms out, bend the neck backward, take a deep breath and while holding it for 6 seconds, raise the chest up. Release breath and relax your body. Repeat the exercise 15 times twice daily. • Core Strengthening Exercises- Straight Leg Raised With Toes Turned Outward, repeat 10 times, twice a day.
1 person found this helpful

Boy of age 12 has arthritis problem, very painful in hips parts and not able to walk. Consulted doctors, but can't get a clarity on what treatment to start.

Dr. Prem Chand 93% (870 ratings)
MBBS, Craniosacral Balancing, Quantum Touch, Visceral manipulation
Pain Management Specialist, Panchkula
At young age of 12 arthritis is usually due to auto immune disease which can be easily treated with mind management (mind part- reasons for disease production) & effects on body r treated with powerful techniques like craniosacral balancing n quantum touch which work on whole body. These techniques balance muscles and skeleton to cure the disease at physical, mental, emotional levels. You can contact us on Lybrate. More details about the treatment on our profile/personal statement column.
1 person found this helpful

My cousin is 30 years old female. Her joints are paining and rf factor is negative and ear level is 45. Is she suffering from RA.

Dr. Prem Chand 93% (870 ratings)
MBBS, Craniosacral Balancing, Quantum Touch, Visceral manipulation
Pain Management Specialist, Panchkula
Seronegative arthritis is also there. All symptoms are to be co-related. Such problems are completely treatable when both parts of the disease are treated treated i.e. Mind & body which is available online. Mind management of 3 to 4 hrs. & body sessions are needed for complete cure of the disease. More details on our Lybrate profile/personal statement column.

Unfortunately my right leg tendon arthritis is cut by playing cutter and after successful surgery doc say me, its taking 3 months to have normal, is it true?

Dr. Nilesh Nolkha 90% (333 ratings)
DM - Rheumatology, MD - General Medicine
Rheumatologist, Mumbai
Not sure what you are trying to say. But yes tendon surgery might require 3 -6 months to heal completely even after surgery Best wishes.
2 people found this helpful

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