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Arthritis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

You may have arthritis if you experience stiffness and pain or moving around is difficult. Swelling of the joints and pain is there in most types of arthritis. The junction at which two bones connect is called a joint, like the knee or elbow. With time an inflamed joint can get badly damaged. The skin and eyes may also get affected in certain types of arthritis.

The different kinds of arthritis are.

  • Osteoarthritis- It is the most prevalent kind of arthritis. An injury or aging is usually the cause for osteoarthritis.
  • Autoimmune arthritis- It happens due to the immune system attacking functional cells in the body by accident. The commonest type of this arthritis is rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Infectious arthritis- It spreads to the joint from a different body part.
  • Juvenile arthritis- It takes place in children.
  • Psoriatic arthritis- People with psoriasis are affected by this.
  • Gout- When there is an excess build-up of uric acid within the body, it leads to gout. It generally originates from the toes. Arthritis can’t be cured but several treatments are available that may successfully alleviate the pain.

Here are some non-surgical treatments:

  • Changes in lifestyle- Certain daily habits and changes in life can reduce the spread of the disease and help with the pain as well.
  • Reducing activities that make the condition worse.
  • Changing to activities that reduce impact on the ankles and feet, instead of the high impact ones.
  • Weight loss to decrease the impact on joints for increase in function and pain reduction.
  • Physical therapy- Certain exercises help increase the range of flexibility and motion. The ankle and feet muscles can be built up as well.

A physiotherapist or a doctor can create a customized exercise regime to meet your lifestyle and needs. Even though physiotherapy aims to alleviate pain, sometimes it may have the opposite effect due to friction build up on the joints. If this happens, then an alternative treatment needs to be sought and you should immediately consult your doctor.

Assistive devices- Walking with a cane or wearing braces might improve mobility. Custom made shoes for arthritis, reduce pain as well.

Medications- Painkillers like naproxen and ibuprofen reduce pain and swelling. Cortisone injections may relieve pain and help manage the inflammation. These however, aren’t permanent. Surgery helps with the pain and makes life functional again. It may however take up to 9 months for full recovery.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Increase in swelling and pain in mornings, or after resting and sitting Motion induced pain Vigorous activity induced pain Redness, warmth and swelling in the joints. Tenderness on applying pressure to the joint.

Popular Health Tips

Homeopathic Treatment For Arthritis!

Dr. Anupam Kumar 87% (132 ratings)
B.H.M.S., P.G.Diploma in Maternal & Child Healthcare, Advance Paediatric
Homeopathic Treatment For Arthritis!
Arthritis is an inflammatory joint disorder of autoimmune starting point. In arthritis, the joints get to be painful, inflamed, swollen and warm with checked stiffness. Chiefly the little joints of wrist, fingers, ankles and toes are included. Over the long haul, other huge joints may likewise get influenced. Homeopathy is a standout amongst the most prevalent all encompassing system of medicine. The determination of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms comparability by utilizing comprehensive approach. To the extent therapeutic medication is concerned, a few very much demonstrated medicines are accessible for homeopathic treatment of arthritis that can be chosen on the premise of cause, sensation, location, modalities and augmentation of the protests. For individualized remedy determination and treatment, the patient ought to counsel a qualified homeopathic doctor face to face. Causes of arthritis Injury: It can harm to ligament, bone, and cartilage that eventually prompts to extreme pain. Obesity and propelled age: Both are extremely regular cause of arthritis. Infection: Any sort of infection to the joint may come about arthritis. Sprain: Due to sudden unnatural developments causes pain and additionally limitation of development of the joint. Overuse: Overuse of knee joint can cause bursitis which eventually prompts to extraordinary pain. Dislocation: Also causes serious arthritis. Different causes: Include Sickle cell disease, Sarcoidosis, Kawasaki disease, Lupus, bone tumors, Crohn's disease, bleeding disorders and so forth. Will Homeopathy treat joint inflammation? Homeopathic method of treatment is extremely powerful in treating rheumatoid arthritis. Homeopathic medicines treat rheumatoid arthritis by directing the overactive immune system. They decrease joint inflammation and symptoms including swelling, pain and stiffness of joints. Homeopathy offers an extensive variety of medicines for rheumatoid arthritis. However, there is nobody cure for all ills connected with this condition. The most fitting Homeopathic medicine for rheumatoid arthritis is chosen in light of an inside and out analysis of individual symptoms. Exceedingly successful Homeopathic medicines for rheumatoid arthritis are ActaeaSpicata, RhusTox, Causticum, Bryonia, Kalmia, Caulophyllum, Ledum pal, Guaiacum, Benzoic acid, Calcaria Carb. The homeopathic treatment for arthritis has the capability of forever reestablishing the health of your joints. It merits finding a decent homeopath that will regard you as the individual you seem to be, instead of essentially "obtaining" a remedy from another person's experience.
1 person found this helpful

Arthritis & Spondylytis - Home Remedies At Your Rescue!

Dr. Ashwini Vivek Mulye 89% (421 ratings)
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai
Arthritis & Spondylytis - Home Remedies At Your Rescue!
Ayurveda is based on the philosophy that health is a result of the balance between three basic elements in the body, also known as tridoshas. These are Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. The imbalance between these leads to various diseases. Arthritis and spondylitis, both being bone issues, is due to the formation of a substance known as ama which are a kind of toxins. The theory behind treating joint issues is to rid the body of ama. This is done by a combination of diet, massage, and home remedies which can help control severity and progression of symptoms. Home remedies: Regular detoxifying the body using ginger and/or black pepper with the meal goes a long way in detoxifying the body, which also eliminates ama from the body. A tablespoon of turmeric can be boiled in milk and consumed daily Avoid foods which can induce constipation. This can be by increasing the number of fibres and reducing processed and refined foods like maida. Include herbs which have great healing powers and have been used over centuries Store water overnight in a copper vessel and drink it in the morning. The trace minerals which get absorbed do wonders for your joints. Castor oil, either a spoonful or mixed with warm milk helps in curing arthritis and spondylitis pains. Nutritional changes like the use of aloe vera and amla juices are very beneficial for the joints. These are rich in vitamin C and help build immunity too. Supplements like bone support capsules and calcium complex have traces of essential micronutrients which improves overall bone health and immunity. They are useful in controlling pain from arthritis and spondylitis. Herbs like guggul, ashwagandha, ginger, and nirgundi oil are also used since ages to help reduce bone pain. Whole body massage using herbal oils and/or powders is greatly beneficial for reducing pain and stiffness and improving mobility. These massage movements and the powders and/or oils also help improve blood circulation and lymphatic draining, so toxins are removed and circulation is enhanced. Panchakarma is another detox method, which includes a combination of diet and lifestyle changes. This may take about 60 to 90 days for one session but is highly rewarding. Most yoga asanas are aimed at improving metabolism and agility. There is no asana which can add to the pain if done carefully. Under supervision, learn simple yoga asanas which can be done without damaging the already affected joint. Not only would pain and stiffness reduce, the range of motion also would gradually increase. Arthritis is inevitable, but the above can definitely help arrest progression and reduce the severity of symptoms.
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Forefoot Deformity - Know Everything About It!

Dr. T V Raja 85% (11 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Chennai
Forefoot Deformity - Know Everything About It!
A problem in the foot often results in rheumatoid forefoot deformity. The symptoms of this problem include pain and deformities in the foot and ankle. The forefoot gets symmetrically affected and the first rays give rise to hallux valgus, which drives the deformity of the toes. Types of Deformities- There are multiple foot deformities that can occur as a result of rheumatoid arthritis: Hallux Valgus Bunion deformity with problem at the MTP joint (Metatarsophalangeal joints) Clawing of toes Dislocation of the lesser MTP joint Increased plantar pressure Deformities and pain are usually detected by a physical examination by the physician and at times an x-ray can be suggested for the same as well. Treatment 1. Non-Operative The primary goal of non-operative treatment is to make the deformed foot feel comfortable. The extent of the deformity is first diagnosed and then this treatment can be suggested based on it. It basically consists of pain control, shoe modification and medical management techniques: Wearing comfortable shoes to minimize the pain associated with the deformity Custom made or store bought inserts to offload prominent area Corn pads or paddings to protect bony prominence Specific devices can be used to eradicate clawing of toes Activity modification to manage pain better Physical therapy or stretching to improve joint mobility 2. Operative Operative treatments are sought when the condition of the deformities is serious and the patient suffers from remarkable pain: Hallux Valgus is the most common form of foot deformity and can be managed with a surgery of arthroplasty, osteotomy or arthrodesis. Correction of the Hallux Valgus has good effects of controlling deformities and pain associated with rheumatoid arthritis. Procedure to correct clawed toes based on its intensity Bunion correction surgery for bunion deformities Recovery Period Each procedure has its own recovery period and in most cases, it can be limited to a range of 6 weeks to get back to normalcy. After 6 weeks, physical therapy may be suggested to increase activity gradually. To gain full mobility it might take around 3-6 months, depending on the patient s age and condition. Relief is generally noticed by the 6th week, but to get back to full recovery it might take months. Complications Common surgical complications can be applicable to operative procedures. There can be a compromise to the blood supply to the tip of the toes, blood clots, pulmonary embolism, recurrence of deformity. Such complications are to be addressed by the physician to reconsider the right therapy Treatments for forefoot deformities are to be performed after thorough diagnosis and investigation. Corrective measures are to be taken to prevent deformities.

What Conditions Can Be Treated With Pediatrics?

Dr. Aparna Pradhan 88% (75 ratings)
Physiotherapist, Pune
What Conditions Can Be Treated With Pediatrics?
What conditions can be treated with pediatric PT? Cerebral Palsy, Autism, Down Syndrome, Muscular Dystrophy and associated disorders, Spina Bifida, Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, Arthrogyposis, Cardio-Pulmonary Disorders, Cystic Fibrosis, Cancer,and Traumatic Brain Injury. In addition, many children present with hypotonia and developmental coordination disorder without a formal diagnosis. Orthopedic conditions - scoliosis, back pain, sports injuries, fractures, and orthopedic surgeries. What is the pediatric PT srole? Pediatric physical therapist evaluates and provides treatment for delays in motor skills by developing the strength and range of motion that children need to move easily and effectively. In addition to assessment of flexibility, strength, posture, gait, sensory processing, balance,coordination and skill.Long-term goal - Gross motor skill development solid to age with good quality to both sides of the body. Despite variations depending on the child, neuro motor development stages occur in a specific order in the first years of life. The order of a normal motor development for an infant is: At 3 months old baby should be able to:Raise the head while on the stomach Open and close the hands Bring the hand to the mouth Catch and shake objects at hand reach At 4 to 7 months -Baby learns to:Roll back on the belly on both sidesTo pull himself to sit down Keep sitting with the support of his hands forward At 8 to 12 months she should be able to:Sit down still unaidedCrawlUse his hands when topples forward or sidewaysCrawlHold stand upMove from one position to anotherWalk aided by holding on to objects or when moving objectsOf course, depending on the child s abilities, these learning stages may vary by a few months, but it is important to stimulate -and yet not over-stimulate the baby- with the help of games, educational hugs and massages to guide your child towards a proper development. If your baby does not have any neurological disorder but you have doubts about her/him progress, our specialist will do a complete assessment and give you all the appropriate advices to monitor and guide your baby s progression.
1 person found this helpful

Rheumatoid Arthritis - What To Eat & What To Avoid?

Dr. Bharat Singh 89% (24 ratings)
MBBS, MD-Medicine, DM - Clinical Immunology
Rheumatologist, Jaipur
Rheumatoid Arthritis - What To Eat & What To Avoid?
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an auto-immune disorder which induces inflammation in the joints. What causes the condition is not exactly clear, but a lot of studies have been done to establish a connection between various factors such as, diet, exercise, etc., with this condition. These studies have come up with correlation between foods and rheumatoid arthritis. There are some foods which should be a part of your diet, and some that should definitely be avoided if you have to keep the joint inflammation under control. Read on to know the top 5 foods to eat and to avoid. What to eat? Soy: Being rich in protein and fiber and low in fat, soy is a great food for RA. It also contains omega-3 fatty acids and vegetarians especially should ensure they get enough soy in their diet. Fish: Salmon and tuna are fish that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids and these are proven to be natural anti-inflammatory agents. Therefore, it is highly recommended that people with RA eat fish about 3 to 4 times per week. Oils: While an oily diet is definitely to be avoided, some healthy oils should be included. These include sunflower oil, walnut oil, olive oil, and avocado oil. These are known for their anti-inflammatory properties and are beneficial in people with RA. Green tea: Known for their polyphenols and antioxidants, green tea reduces damage caused by inflammation in RA. People with RA are recommended to have at least 2 servings of green tea daily. Beans and legumes: The high content of fiber, protein, folic acid, zinc, iron, potassium, and other minerals makes beans a must-have for RA patients. The red and kidney variety of beans are the preferred ones. What to avoid? Grilled foods: Grilled chicken or red meat have high levels of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) which are known to worsen inflammation. So, while they are good for weight watchers, not so if you have RA. These also contain higher levels of saturated fat, which is again not advisable for RA. Fried foods: These contain 6-omega fatty acids, which have been proven to worsen inflammation. They are also high in saturated fats, which is a strict no-no for inflammation. MSG: Monosodium glutamate which is used generously in various Oriental dishes including soups, salad dressings, etc. should be avoided as it affects liver health and worsens inflammation. Salt: Reduce overall salt intake. Limiting the intake of pickles, salad dressings and processed foods, etc., which contain high amounts of sodium. Alcohol: This again increases inflammation and should be avoided in RA. A healthy lifestyle improves not just the overall quality of life, but also reduces the severity of symptoms of RA.
4 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi My sister has arthritis. 2 days before I send mail to you You suggested she needs to take right diet so can you tell me diet plan for her, she cannot walk ,sit and she has lots of knee pain also, due to this she became now angry, mood swings and very depressive Thanks.

Dt. Vishal Wadi 95% (991 ratings)
Diploma In Human Nutrition, Certified Diabetes Educator, Diploma in Holistic Nutrition, Diploma in Sport & Exercise Nutrition, Lifestyle Medicine, BSc
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
Hello. Sorry to know about her condition. Arthritis is an auto immune disorder, in which body's defence mechanism called immune system tries to eliminate certain foreign bodies that we consume in the form of processed food. In this process of immune system good tissues also are damaged which give rise to disorders like arthritis. For me to help her with a diet plan, I need a thorough discussion to know all the details. It needs to be monitored for 1 month. Please fee free to contact me directly.

Good Morning to all the Drs I have gout. What foods should I avoid please- Regards.

Dr. Pramod Kumar Sharma 93% (2033 ratings)
Endocrinologist, Delhi
You should take low purine diet. Avoid excess of nonveg, eggs,milk, dairy products, spinache,tomato etc. Still if Uric acid is high take medicine after consulting a Doctor.
1 person found this helpful

When I am standing up and seating time my legs knees make a sound. What I can do for this problem.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 90% (4158 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Knee pain As arthritis is very common that you get generally bilaterally. Ice therapy would definitely help to reduce the inflammation. We also advise you to use knee cap which would help to prevent the knee from damaging further and also to maintain the quadriceps muscle tone. You can take Ultrasonic therapy in one of the nearby physiotherapy clinics which would help to heal the damaged cartilages along with shortwave diathermy which would help to improve the blood circulation. You can take Ultrasonic therapy in one of the nearby physiotherapy clinics which would help to heal the damaged cartilages along with shortwave diathermy which would help to improve the blood circulation. It looks like you are anaemic. That's the reason the knee goes for genu recurvatum which is nothing but backward bowing of legs. This can be prevented by wearing knee brace to support the knee from going backwards while you walk or climb stairs. Check with your haemoglobin levels and also with your calcium & vitamin levels in your body by consulting a general physician.

My mother having pain I think she is suffering from arthritis please suggest me medication.

Dr. Nishit Palo 89% (39 ratings)
ms orthopaedics, mbbs
Orthopedist, Noida
Try: 1. Regular knee quadriceps exercises (static and knee bending). 2. Ice pack application will help 3.Medications like Cartigen DN and Enzomac forte will help. Get weight bearing knee X-rays to stage the disease. Intrarticular injections offer great pain relief. Physical exercises are the mainstay of arthritis treatment. Avoid squatting or cross-legged sitting.

I am 32 years old man having Psoriatic arthritis having 5.5 lakh platelet count is any problem with me doctor given me nucoxia 90 mg, defza 6 mg, sazo 1 gm please suggest me what to do.

Dr. Jatin Soni 93% (28523 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
Psoriasis is an auto immune disease and we can control it but not cure it fully and if it has lead to arthritis than you will have to take medication but also contact a Rheumatologist for further guidance.

Health Quizzes

Arthritis - Few Common Facts!

Dr. L Tomar 88% (11 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, M.Ch, FICS(USA)
Orthopedist, Delhi
Arthritis only affects people of old age. True or false. Take this quiz to know more.`
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Rheumatoid Arthritis - Interesting Facts About It!

Dr. Sree Hari Reddy Gadekallu 89% (45 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, Fellowship in Rheumatology
General Physician, Khammam
There is no link between rheumatoid arthritis and smoking. True or false. Take this quiz to know more.
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How to deal with joint pain due to arthritis?

Dr. Bharat Singh 89% (24 ratings)
MBBS, MD-Medicine, DM - Clinical Immunology
Rheumatologist, Jaipur
Using hot and cold therapy is not recommended for treating arthritis.True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Treatment for Your Chronic Pain

Dr. Sanjay Sharma 87% (283 ratings)
Fellowship in Interventional Pain management , Diploma in Anesthesia, DA, MBBS
Pain Management Specialist, Jaipur
Chronic back pain may require surgery to fix it. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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Myths And Facts About Knee Pain

Dr. Suraj Prakash 90% (74 ratings)
M.Ch - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Arthroscopy & Sports Medicine, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Excess body weight can increase knee pain. True or False? Take this quiz to find out!
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