Arthritis is more of an inflammation of the joints and that affects one or multiple joints. There are several different types of arthritis and causes and treatment methods according to the type. The two most common types of Arthritis include rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). The symptoms of Arthritis are not constant and it develops over time. It is not possible for anyone to say if Arthritis will occur at this point in time.
Arthritis is experienced mostly by adults who are over the age 65, however, there are also possibilities that the young adults, children, and teens might experience the same as well. As compared to men, women experience arthritis quickly. Nowadays, considering the work pressure and difference in activities, women who are younger are also experiencing arthritis. Regardless of the fact that there under types of Arthritis present, the symptoms are most likely to be stiffness, swelling, warmth, pain, and redness in the joints.
Constant joint pain and stiffness are the two most common symptoms to understand if a person has arthritis. The range of motion can also decrease and the person might experience redness around the joints. Most people tend to notice the symptoms usually in the morning. In the case of rheumatoid arthritis, the person might feel tired or have a loss of appetite because of the inflammation caused by the activities in the immune system.
There are chances that the person has a low red blood cell count making them anemic. If it is not treated properly, then the person might end up with joint deformity. As for osteoarthritis, which one of the most common forms, the reason could be an infection or injury to the joints which will lead to The breakdown of cartilage tissue. This can also occur due to a family history of such diseases.
Pain is the very first sign of Arthritis, termed arthralgia. The nature of pain is usually dull but feels like a burning sensation sometimes. The pain initiates due to some factors like walking up a large number of stairs, gardening on a regular basis, etc. It generally starts with soreness in the morning.
Cartilage is a strong yet flexible connective tissue present in the joint and it protects the same by having the pressure observed and creating a shock every time stress is put upon. If the Normal amount of cartilage tissue is not present or has been decreased then there are high chances of the person being prone to any form of arthritis. Even some normal wear and Tear might cause osteoarthritis. This can also occur due to the similar medical history of the family members. Another common form of Arthritis is rheumatoid arthritis which is mostly considered as an autoimmune disorder.
If the immune system of the body attacks the tissue present in the body, then the person might experience rheumatoid arthritis. This attack disrupts the process of the soft tissue present in the body creating a fluid which further nourishes the cartilage and lubricates the joints. The latter type might possibly be destroyed the joint and will eventually lead to the destruction of both bones and cartilages. The exact causes for the same are yet to be identified.
Out of the several types of Arthritis that exist, three are the most common that affect individuals all over the world. The first type is osteo Arthritis, which is the most common form and older age groups are usually affected. Rheumatoid Arthritis is the second one, which is an autoimmune disease, while psoriatic Arthritis is the third type that affects the skin and joints.
The major aim of the treatment is to make sure that the person has a reduced amount of pain in the joints and to prevent any further damage in the joints. Some people might use heating pads or Ice packs to reduce the pain and some use mobility assistance devices according to the intensity of the pain. However, it is dependent on the person who is suffering from arthritis and other factors like their age, bone strength and so on.
The doctor might also prescribe the patients with a combination of treatment methods for better results. Some physicians might prescribe medications like Analgesics and other anti-inflammatory drugs according to the patient condition. Physical therapy and surgeries are prescribed by Doctors according to the intensity of the pain.
Since there is no specific treatment that may completely cure arthritis, people take natural remedies to reduce the pain. Maintaining a healthy weight might reduce the risk of the progression of osteoarthritis and reduce the symptoms drastically if their problems in the early stages. A healthy diet is an important part of the treatment.
The diet must be full of antioxidants that will help the person reduce inflammation further. Fried foods, processed foods, and other dairy products must be avoided in the diet. A gluten-free diet might improve the symptoms and the progression of the disease. Regular exercises will be helpful in keeping the joints flexible.
Though a proper diet could be a treatment method to help with arthritis, there are certain foods that cannot be included in the intake for people who suffer from pain of arthritis. Considering the fact that inflammation is the primary cause of arthritis, relevant medications that reduce inflammation and pain must be taken.
There is no such specific diet to follow which is why the person must be considering a dietitian or a physician to discuss the food intake. Anti-inflammatory foods should be included in the diet and the foods like fried and processed ones, salt and preservatives, sugary items, dairy products, alcohol, and tobacco must be strictly avoided. On the other hand, garlic, berries, broccoli, fatty fish, Ginger, spinach and other fresh fruits and vegetables could help in maintaining healthy joints.
Lemon, due to its medicinal properties, has a proven effect on certain health conditions including Arthritis. Ascorbic acid i.e vitamin-c and the antioxidants it contains, help in fighting inflammation. Apart from this, it promotes collagen synthesis and tendon repair, maintains the immune system, and most importantly, it helps the body to get rid of free radicals, a key source of illness.
Though foods do not have any direct impact, however, they play an important role in reducing the severity of the symptoms of Arthritis. Some of them include fatty fish, garlic, ginger, broccoli, walnuts, berries, spinach, olive oil, grapes, and tart cherry juice.
Being rich in antioxidants, they help in relieving the pain by their anti-inflammatory action, while some rich in vitamin D help in maintaining the calcium level in the body.