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Overview

Arthritis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

You may have arthritis if you experience stiffness and pain or moving around is difficult. Swelling of the joints and pain is there in most types of arthritis. The junction at which two bones connect is called a joint, like the knee or elbow. With time an inflamed joint can get badly damaged. The skin and eyes may also get affected in certain types of arthritis.

The different kinds of arthritis are.

  • Osteoarthritis- It is the most prevalent kind of arthritis. An injury or aging is usually the cause for osteoarthritis.
  • Autoimmune arthritis- It happens due to the immune system attacking functional cells in the body by accident. The commonest type of this arthritis is rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Infectious arthritis- It spreads to the joint from a different body part.
  • Juvenile arthritis- It takes place in children.
  • Psoriatic arthritis- People with psoriasis are affected by this.
  • Gout- When there is an excess build-up of uric acid within the body, it leads to gout. It generally originates from the toes. Arthritis can’t be cured but several treatments are available that may successfully alleviate the pain.

Here are some non-surgical treatments:

  • Changes in lifestyle- Certain daily habits and changes in life can reduce the spread of the disease and help with the pain as well.
  • Reducing activities that make the condition worse.
  • Changing to activities that reduce impact on the ankles and feet, instead of the high impact ones.
  • Weight loss to decrease the impact on joints for increase in function and pain reduction.
  • Physical therapy- Certain exercises help increase the range of flexibility and motion. The ankle and feet muscles can be built up as well.

A physiotherapist or a doctor can create a customized exercise regime to meet your lifestyle and needs. Even though physiotherapy aims to alleviate pain, sometimes it may have the opposite effect due to friction build up on the joints. If this happens, then an alternative treatment needs to be sought and you should immediately consult your doctor.

Assistive devices- Walking with a cane or wearing braces might improve mobility. Custom made shoes for arthritis, reduce pain as well.

Medications- Painkillers like naproxen and ibuprofen reduce pain and swelling. Cortisone injections may relieve pain and help manage the inflammation. These however, aren’t permanent. Surgery helps with the pain and makes life functional again. It may however take up to 9 months for full recovery.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Symptoms
Increase in swelling and pain in mornings, or after resting and sitting Motion induced pain Vigorous activity induced pain Redness, warmth and swelling in the joints. Tenderness on applying pressure to the joint.

Popular Health Tips

Tips To Lower Higher Uric Acid Levels

Ms. Geetanjali Ahuja Mengi 90% (389 ratings)
Masters Of Science In Dietetics And Food Service Management Msc. (DFSM), Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE), Advanced Clinical Nutrition Program, Post Graduate Diploma In Clinical Nutrition And Dietetics PGD, Bachelors Degree In Applied Nutrition Bhsc
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Tips To Lower Higher Uric Acid Levels
High uric acid in the blood stream leads to gout and arthritis. To prevent gout must have a good diet and refrain from sugars, alcohol and food like meat, poultry, seafood and pulses. Uric acid is not eliminated easily from the system and leads to inflammation and joint pains with gout. WATER Water helps in flushing out all toxins so one should drink 8 to 10 glasses of water a day , water will also eliminate the excess uric acid n the system. CHERRIES- Cherries are rich with anti-inflammatory substance which is known as anthocyanins this help bringing down high uric levels. The anthocyanins helps from not letting uric acid crystallize and settle in joints which are the reason for arthritis and gout. Cherries will help reduce its level. BERRIES Strawberries and blueberries should be added to the diet as they have a lot of inflammatory properties which will fight against higher uric levels. APPLES Have one Apple a day, Apple has Malic acid which neutralizes uric acid. Add apples in your diet. CELERY SEEDS Most popular home remedy is to add celery seeds in your diet this is also a great neutralizer for high uric levels. FRENCH BEANS JUICE- This is especially given to people suffering from gout as it is a natural neutralizer for high uric acid content and gives relief from inflammation. VEGETABLE JUICES- Drink a lot of vegetable juices like carrot juice, cucumber, beetroot about 300ml of these juices should be taken daily. They are a natural neutralizer to high uric levels. FOODS RICH WITH VITAMIN C- Foods rich in Vitamin C are great to neutralize high uric levels , vitamin C disintegrates uric acid and forces it out of the body through urine . Guava , Kiwi, Sweet Lime , capsicum , lemon , tomatoes are great source of Vitamin C.
4 people found this helpful

Arthritis: Know The Symptoms Behind It!

Dr. Tariq Tramboo 90% (38 ratings)
Pain Management, MD - Pain Medicine & Anesthesiology
Pain Management Specialist, Srinagar
Arthritis: Know The Symptoms Behind It!
One of the most common ailments the elderly suffer from is arthritis. However, arthritis can affect people of all ages. It is a rheumatic disease as in, it affects joints and bones. It can be of many types and the term covers a number of inflammatory and non-inflammatory joint diseases. Some of the most well-known types of arthritis are rheumatoid arthritis, bone spurs, gout, and osteoarthritis. The causes of arthritis have not been defined but there are a number of factors that increase a person's chances of getting it. Foremost amongst these is increasing age and excess weight. Arthritic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and lupus are said to be hereditary and linked to certain genes. Sometimes, injuries can also cause arthritic conditions. Misuse of steroids can also result in arthritis. Here is a look at the most common symptoms of the disease :- Pain around the joints is the most well-known symptom of arthritis. Along with pain, you may also notice swollen or stiff joints. Increased body temperature around the affected joints and redness in the area is also a symptom of arthritis. These symptoms range from mild to severe, and can be constant or may come and go. Everybody suffers from occasional joint pains but if any of the above symptoms persist for a long duration, it is best to consult a doctor. The sooner you seek treatment, the easier it becomes to deal with arthritis. If left untreated for too long, arthritis can result in permanent joint damage. While there is no single cure for arthritis, it can be effectively controlled if treated in time. Since the type and severity of arthritis differ from person to person, treatment for the same must also be tailored to the needs of the individual. Drugs for arthritis can be categorized as those that treat symptoms such as pain and stiffness, and those that suppress inflammatory conditions. In some cases, surgery may be advisable. Physical therapy and regular exercise are very important when dealing with arthritis. It is equally important to eat a healthy, nutritious and well-balanced diet. If you are overweight, try and lose the excess kilos. You must also look after your joints to ensure that there is no further degradation of bone or muscle tissue. Avoid staying in one position for a long time, and try and maintain a good posture. These simple techniques can be very effective when dealing with all types of arthritis.
3 people found this helpful

How Ayurveda Helps Treat Arthritis?

Dr. P.K. Srivastava 92% (999 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Noida
How Ayurveda Helps Treat Arthritis?
Inflammation and resultant pain in the joints are usually the basic tenets of Arthritis. This joint disorder can be painful and often, a debilitating one. It can also make the joints stiff. There are many ways of dealing with this problem, but with Ayurveda, one can get to the root cause of the ailment and its presence. This helps in taking a well rounded holistic approach towards treating it with ancient know how that revolves around herbs and other natural substances which have great medicinal value, lifestyle changes, diet, exercise and Yoga, oil massages, and other methods. Arthritis is known as Sandhivata in Ayurvedic jargon. Read on to find out how Ayurveda can help in dealing with Arthritis. Herbs: One can make use of various herbs that contain Linoleic Acid to help in providing lubrication to the joints so as to prevent pain and stiffness. These herbs include Borage seed oil which is extracted from Borage seed, Evening Primrose oil, Blackcurrant seed oil, Capsaicin, Curcumin, Feverfew, Flaxseed oil and a standard Ayurvedic concoction that combines Ashwagandha, Gugulla, ginger, cumin and haldi or turmeric. These substances can help in treating the joints that are suffering from the pain of Arthritis. Diet: In Ayurveda, to treat ailments like Arthritis, it is usually recommended that a patient should start by flushing out the body toxins from within. Diet is one of the ways in which this can be done. A detoxification diet to clean the colon would be one of the foremost ways of doing a cleanse. Further, in one's daily diet, there should be a good dose of vegetables, fruits and other juices. Also, one must have plenty of herbs and spices, which can be used to season the food. Curd should generally be avoided and garlic should be used liberally. The various properties that help in an inside out cleanse that will help the system function in a better manner so that the treatment of ailments is also effectively supported. Exercise: In Ayurveda, a certain amount of daily exercise, which spans at least 45 minutes to one hour, is a must. A pattern of healthy eating, restful sleep and exercise is what usually helps in treating ailments like Arthritis. For this ailment specifically, light exercise like walking is recommended. Various Yoga asanas that involve sitting, standing, balancing and lying down poses as well as restful poses will also help in treating knee, shoulder and lower back pain specifically. Also, mustard oil massages can help in reducing the pain. These are the few ways in which Ayurveda can help Arthritis patients live a more normal life with minimal pain.
3 people found this helpful

Fight Arthritis With Ayurveda!

Dr. Anupam Malaviya 92% (836 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Sultanpur
Fight Arthritis With Ayurveda!
Arthritis, which is quite a common ailment among people aged above 40, is painful regardless where it affects a person, be it the hands or the toes. However, the Ayurvedic field of medicine has come up with historic ways of treating the issue. Over the course of time, these methods have proved to be quite effective, and especially popular as they have no side effects. A person only needs to spend a little time to get to know how to go about using Ayurveda to cure the arthritic aches and pains, which plague daily life! One of the best things about Ayurveda is the fact that the solutions are generally made using ingredients that are very easy to source. For example, there is a solution for arthritis, which involves mixing a cup of mustard oil with about 10 grams of camphor and then heating the combination. This oil mixture then needs to be massaged on the affected areas. Now, isn t that simple? The common potato, long considered to be a vegetable of the masses, also finds its use in Ayurveda when it comes to treating arthritis. If you soak a few unpeeled slices of potato in a glass of water overnight and drink this water the following morning, you are sure to find an improvement in your condition quite soon. Additionally, there are a few other food items that are recommended in the Ayurvedic treatment. These include bitter gourd, which is not only low in calorie content, but also very high on vitamins and ginger which improves metabolism. Consuming garlic and buttermilk is also considered advantageous. Moreover, you may also need to make some changes to the lifestyle habits, which have been deeply ingrained. For instance, sleeping as per a regular schedule and not going to sleep very late at night has a positive impact. As you have probably be discerned, when it comes to health, the devil is in the eating! If a person who has arthritis makes an effort to conform to a good and healthy diet, which does not contain fried or sugary food, or even those which have spices in excess, he or she will not only find the pain symptoms of arthritis reducing, but also gain a general sense of health. As long as a person has the patience to follow the way of treating arthritis set out by Ayurveda, the benefits will truly be bountiful!
1 person found this helpful

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Understanding What It Is!

Dr. Bharat Singh 84% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD-Medicine, DM - Clinical Immunology
Rheumatologist, Jaipur
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Understanding What It Is!
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a commonly occurring arthritis in children under the age of 15. Some common problems that are faced by patients with this disease include stiffness, joint pain, and swelling. While the symptoms might persist for a few months for some patients, for others it might continue for the rest of their lives. Patients might face serious complications such as inflammation of the eye, problems related to growth etc. The treatment of this condition focuses on preventing the bones from getting damaged, pain control and improving the function of the body. What are some of the common symptoms of juvenile arthritis? Pain: A child suffering from juvenile rheumatoid arthritis might face extreme pain in the joints. They might limp after a nap or night sleep due to pain or stiff joints. Swelling: Larger joints such as the knee might swell frequently. The swelling might occur in smaller joints too. Stiffness: In addition to limping the child might appear rough and clumsy after waking from night sleep or a nap. Other conditions could include rashes, swollen lymph nodes, frequent fever, headache, etc. What are the causes of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis? Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis occurs when the immune system of the body attacks its own tissues and cells. It is still unclear as to why it happens, although, researchers believe that the environment and heredity have a role to play. Certain geneticmutations might make a childmore vulnerable and susceptible to microbes that can trigger this condition. What are the complications involved? There could be several complications that might arise due to this condition. It is, therefore, wise to keep a close watch on the child. Seeking immediate medical attention can go a long way in mitigating the risk of these complications. Problems related to the eye: Juvenile Rheumatoid arthritis can damage the eye by causing an inflammation known as uveitis. If this condition is not treated, it might result in other conditions such as glaucoma, cataracts, blindness etc. Growth problems: Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis could result in growth problems. To treat this, a child would require a dose of corticosteroid. How to diagnose juvenile arthritis? It is not very easy to diagnose juvenile arthritis. Doctors often prescribe blood tests to get an idea of erythrocyte sedimentation rate, rheumatoid factor, C-reactive protein, anti-nuclear antibody, cyclic citrullinated peptide etc. A doctor might also prescribe imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI etc to detect congenital defects, fractures, tumors etc. What are the treatment options available? Some of the medications that are prescribed for this condition include NSAID such as ibuprofen and naproxen, DMARD such as Trexall and Azulfidine, TNF blockers such as Humira and Enbrel, immune suppressants such as Kineret, Rituxin and Orencia. In addition to this doctors would also prescribe corticosteroids and therapies.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I have severe pain in my knee and I am suffering from arthritis since 15 years I used to take painkiller now I stopped pain killer and started ayurvedic medicine but still finding difficulty in walking.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 91% (3317 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Strain due to excessive walking or standing and for this you can follow these measures: one keep a pillow right under the knee while sleeping, next is you can keep ice in the painful area for about 5--10 minutes. One time you can do hot water fermentation that would help to reduce the muscle strain. Osteoarthritic Pain:Ice therapy would definitely help to reduce the inflammation. We also advise you to use knee cap which would help to prevent the knee from damaging further and also to maintain the quadriceps muscle tone. Simple Knee Exercises would help to strengthen the quadriceps muscle which is the key muscle. Specific knee exercises will also help ie. Keeping a soft ball underneath the knee and you have to keep pressing it. That's the simple exercise which will help you to strengthen the knee. Knee Pain unable to walk one step with walker Her knees would have been totally damaged due to arthritis of both the knees. That's the reason she is unable to walk one step as there will be knee rigidity. Physiotherapy Treatment for Knee Pain You can take Ultrasonic therapy in one of the nearby physiotherapy clinics which would help to heal the damaged cartilages along with shortwave diathermy which would help to improve the blood circulation.

My knees make crunching sound when I get up or sit down .what could be the reason n how it can be solved? I am just 24 year old woman and can it be solved permanently? Thank you in advance.

Dr. Praveenkumar Talikoti 92% (342 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bijapur
It can be solved. Take everyday oil massage on both knees with ksheerabala tail for about 2-3 months, following hot water bath. Practice yoga which strengthens knee joints. Proper food and diet is essential.
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from psoriatic arthritis, early stage please suggest me how to cure it.

Dr. Nazima 85% (1288 ratings)
MD PHYSICIAN
General Physician, Delhi
Psoriatic arthritis is an autoimmune disease, meaning it occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue, in this case the joints and skin. The faulty immune response causes inflammation that triggers joint pain, stiffness and swelling. Triggers include hormonal imbalance, smoking, drugs, infection and many others. Treatment for psoriatic arthritis consists of twice daily moist heat or cold applications, exercises, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). If there is little improvement or if there are permanent changes visible on an X-ray, then a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) or a biologic drug will be added to help prevent long-term joint damage. You cannot prevent this disease but can ease your symptoms and prevent long term damage by taking medication, exercising, minding your postures. Change your position at work, at home, and throughout the day. Sit and stand up straight, and don't arch your back. Good posture helps you feel better. Take break in between your work, Put as little stress on them as possible. Use larger, stronger joints when you can, instead of smaller ones.

I am 38 year old female and suffering with arthritis in my finger joints, right shoulder and right knee. The right knee pain is severe and making me unable to sleep. It is shooting when I walk, sit or do anything. Can you suggest any immediate relief and further steps need to be taken. I take Acelophenac sustained release tablets twice a day. I am diabetic and very recently started medication for BP also. Please respond with a solution.

MBBS, MD, DM - Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, MRCP (UK), Certificate course in Pediatric Rheumatology, Certificate course in Musculoskeletal Ultrasound
Rheumatologist, Gurgaon
You might have rheumatoid arthritis. You need to get evaluated and start proper treatment. Meet a rheumatologist.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

How to deal with joint pain due to arthritis?

Dr. Bharat Singh 84% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD-Medicine, DM - Clinical Immunology
Rheumatologist, Jaipur
Using hot and cold therapy is not recommended for treating arthritis.True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Treatment for Your Chronic Pain

Dr. Sanjay Sharma 89% (269 ratings)
Fellowship in Interventional Pain management , Diploma in Anesthesia, DA, MBBS
Pain Management Specialist, Jaipur
Chronic back pain may require surgery to fix it. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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Myths And Facts About Knee Pain

Dr. Suraj Prakash 90% (73 ratings)
M.Ch - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Arthroscopy & Sports Medicine, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Excess body weight can increase knee pain. True or False? Take this quiz to find out!
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Arthritis Myths and Facts

Dr. Suraj Prakash 90% (73 ratings)
M.Ch - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Arthroscopy & Sports Medicine, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Do you know that you can slow the progression of Arthritis by living healthy? Test your knowledge about Arthritis by taking this quiz.
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Joint Health Myths and Facts

Dr. Prashant Parate 93% (2630 ratings)
Fellowship in Shoulder and Knee Surgeries, DNB (Orthopedics), Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Nagpur
Did you know that cracking knuckles does not cause arthritis in the long run? Learn more about Joint health by taking this quiz!
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