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Overview

Arthritis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

You may have arthritis if you experience stiffness and pain or moving around is difficult. Swelling of the joints and pain is there in most types of arthritis. The junction at which two bones connect is called a joint, like the knee or elbow. With time an inflamed joint can get badly damaged. The skin and eyes may also get affected in certain types of arthritis.

The different kinds of arthritis are.

  • Osteoarthritis- It is the most prevalent kind of arthritis. An injury or aging is usually the cause for osteoarthritis.
  • Autoimmune arthritis- It happens due to the immune system attacking functional cells in the body by accident. The commonest type of this arthritis is rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Infectious arthritis- It spreads to the joint from a different body part.
  • Juvenile arthritis- It takes place in children.
  • Psoriatic arthritis- People with psoriasis are affected by this.
  • Gout- When there is an excess build-up of uric acid within the body, it leads to gout. It generally originates from the toes. Arthritis can’t be cured but several treatments are available that may successfully alleviate the pain.

Here are some non-surgical treatments:

  • Changes in lifestyle- Certain daily habits and changes in life can reduce the spread of the disease and help with the pain as well.
  • Reducing activities that make the condition worse.
  • Changing to activities that reduce impact on the ankles and feet, instead of the high impact ones.
  • Weight loss to decrease the impact on joints for increase in function and pain reduction.
  • Physical therapy- Certain exercises help increase the range of flexibility and motion. The ankle and feet muscles can be built up as well.

A physiotherapist or a doctor can create a customized exercise regime to meet your lifestyle and needs. Even though physiotherapy aims to alleviate pain, sometimes it may have the opposite effect due to friction build up on the joints. If this happens, then an alternative treatment needs to be sought and you should immediately consult your doctor.

Assistive devices- Walking with a cane or wearing braces might improve mobility. Custom made shoes for arthritis, reduce pain as well.

Medications- Painkillers like naproxen and ibuprofen reduce pain and swelling. Cortisone injections may relieve pain and help manage the inflammation. These however, aren’t permanent. Surgery helps with the pain and makes life functional again. It may however take up to 9 months for full recovery.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Symptoms
Increase in swelling and pain in mornings, or after resting and sitting Motion induced pain Vigorous activity induced pain Redness, warmth and swelling in the joints. Tenderness on applying pressure to the joint.

Popular Health Tips

Rheumatoid Arthritis - What Are The Affective Management of It?

Dr. Bharat Bhushan Bharti 90% (112 ratings)
MD Physician
General Physician, Delhi
Rheumatoid Arthritis - What Are The Affective Management of It?
Over time, our joints, connective tissues and muscles go through a lot of wear and tear. Additionally, certain conditions may also cause problems, including inflammation and conditions that create persistent pain. These conditions usually fall under the broad category of arthritis, which can be of many types. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) happens when your immune system targets your joints and causes inflammation. RA influences the joints on both sides of the body, for example, both hands, wrists and knees. This symmetry separates it from other kinds of arthritis. It can affect the skin, eyes, lungs, heart, blood, or nerves. Various signs of inflamed joints are as follows: Stiffness: Functioning of the joints becomes rigid and doesn't move properly. It is particularly severe in the morning. While those with different types of arthritis have stiff and immobile joints in the morning, people with rheumatoid arthritis take over 60 minutes before their joints feel free. Swelling or Inflammation: Liquid enters the joint and gives rise to inflammation. Extreme pain: Irritation inside a joint makes it painful and delicate even to touch. In a chronic condition, this may also lead to fractures. Redness and warmth: The joints might appear hotter and more pink or red than the skin around it. Needless to say, your lifestyle choices affect all aspects of your physical wellbeing, and that also include your joints- especially if you are suffering from arthritis. It s a common theory, that joints which are strained and stressed by bearing the burden of extra pounds show more inflammation, wear and tear and stiffness which lead to aggravation of arthritic pain. Here are a few holistic approaches to consider; certain changes in your existing lifestyle that can help you to reduce your arthritic pains: First and foremost, it s important that you must indulge in plenty of exercises every single day, to keep pounds off and thus help yourself handle this degenerative disease. In case of creating a healthy diet plan, stick to low calorie and low carb foods. Also be sure that you are consuming lots of vegetables and fruits in your diet. This also helps you to keep fit and put a break on the obesity factors that are detrimental to your health. As even a few extra pounds can worsen arthritic pain, keep track of your weight and talk to your orthopedic doctor to determine your optimal and healthiest weight. Focus on this prescribed weight coefficient and keep tracking your weight loss patterns unless you have reached your goal. Cut down on alcohol. There has never been a finer alternative to that. Feeling depressed or stressed by arthritic pain is a common syndrome among arthritic patients. Nevertheless, on the flipside, such reactions actually worsens the agony of this disease and inhibit you from doing what you need to do, such as taking medications and exercising to keep yourself fit at the end of the day. Although admittedly, making drastic modifications in your lifestyle can be painful and difficult at first, these are the best remedies for easing arthritic pain in a natural way. Don t just rely on medications, take control of your disease in a holistic manner and you ll soon find yourself in control of your life again. Lifestyle Changes Being overweight is a large risk factor for osteoarthritis because it puts a large amount of stress on weight-bearing joints. This damage is largely preventable by losing excess weight and increasing safe activity. Exercise (as long as it does not put dangerous strain on the joints) will improve your muscle strength. Strong muscles will support your weight-bearing joints and ultimately lower the chances of the negative symptoms of OA. Regular exercise can help prevent and reverse these effects. Several different kinds of exercise can be beneficial, including range-of-motion exercises to preserve and restore joint motion, exercises to increase strength (isometric, isotonic, and isokinetic exercises), and exercises to increase endurance (walking, swimming, and cycling). Exercise programs for people with rheumatoid arthritis should be designed by a physical therapist and tailored to the severity of your condition, your build, and your former activity level. Getting a sufficient amount of rest is also necessary for management of OA symptoms.

6 Ways To Manage Rheumatoid Arthritis!

Dr. Murali Krishna 91% (108 ratings)
DNB (Orthopedics), MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Visakhapatnam
6 Ways To Manage Rheumatoid Arthritis!
Rheumatoid Arthritis is a degenerative disease that progresses over time. It generally affects the fingers, feet, wrists, and ankles. It causes immobility due to inflammation and stiffness as well as severe pain. This is an autoimmune disease where the body mistakenly ends up attacking the joints instead of attacking bacteria and other substances as it normally should. Severe cartilage damage can be caused if this condition is not treated on time, which can make the spacing between the bones even smaller than usual. Let us find out how one can tackle this condition. Rest: While there is still no cure for this condition, one can take a number of measures in order to tackle it. One of the foremost ways of managing this condition is with the help of rest and relaxation. It is important to get plenty of sleep so that you can keep the condition from getting worse. There are a number of relaxation exercises that will help you in sleeping better, especially if you have been having trouble sleeping due to the aches and pains. Exercise: Depending on the doctor s recommendations, you will need to exercise on a regular basis so as to keep the motion in your joints intact for as long as possible. Muscle and joint strengthening exercises include swimming, walking, and even gentle stretching that can help in reducing muscle fatigue. This can make your muscles stronger and increase the range of motions as well. Ointments and Lotions: One can turn to gels and lotions which can be topically applied. These can be prescribed by the doctor as well, so that the pain is soothed and temporary relief from pain and stiffness may be experienced. These are also available in the form of sprays. These ointments, gels or lotions usually contain camphor, menthol, capsaicin and salicylates. Fish Oil Supplements: Pain and stiffness can be significantly reduced with the help of fish oil, as per many medical studies. Before adding fish oil supplements to your food, you will need to talk to your orthopaedic specialist to find out if it may interfere with any medication that you may be taking for the condition or any other related disorder. Plant Oils: Plant oils are also known to contain fatty acids known as gamma linolenic acid, which can give much relief when it comes to pain and stiffness, especially in the morning. One must remember, though, that excessive use of this oil can lead to liver damage. So it is imperative to speak with your doctor or therapist before taking any plant oils. Medications: Dmrd drugs, biological therapy are the main medical management in rheumatoid arthritis. In severe arthritis, arthroplasty and joint preservative surgeries gives mobile painless joints.
1 person found this helpful

What Is Perthes Disease?

Dr. Gaurav Khera 90% (30 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), DNB - Orthopedics, Mch
Orthopedist, Delhi
What Is Perthes Disease?
The hip joint is a ball and socket joint made up of the round head of thigh bone (femoral head) with the cup shaped socket (acetabulum) of the pelvis and Perthe s Disease is an affliction of the hip joints in growing children. It is much more common in boys than girls, and occurs most commonly in children aged between 4 to 10 years. The cause of this problem is still unidentified. In Perthes disease, changes affect the femoral head which can be seen on X-ray. These changes occur in three stages over 18 months to 2 years: The blood supply to part of the femoral head is disturbed, causing loss of bone cells. Softening and collapse of the affected bone Re-establishment of the blood supply, repair and remodeling of the femoral head. Limping is the most common symptom. The limp may become more persistent and pain may develop. Examination of the child by the orthopaedic surgeon generally shows restriction of hip movement. The nature of Perthes disease is variable. Severity depends on the child s age, and the extent of femoral head involvement. Older children, girls, and those with greater involvement of the femoral head are likely to require more complex treatment. Treatment aims to reduce pain and stiffness, and prevent femoral head deformity. All children need regular review by the orthopaedic surgeon through the duration of the disease. Not all children require active treatment. Many will make a good recovery with only symptomatic treatment. This may involve restriction of activity such as running and high impact sports. Swimming is encouraged. Some children may require exercise in slings and springs, or the application of plaster casts to the lower limbs. Some children will require surgical management. Children with Perthes Disease are otherwise healthy, but may be affected by physical restrictions. By middle age, one third of those affected have no symptoms, one third have intermittent hip pain, and one third would develop arthritis requiring treatment.
1583 people found this helpful

Rheumatism - Ayurvedic Remedies For Treating It!

Dr. Jyoti Girotra Gandhi 91% (10 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MBA
Ayurveda, Faridabad
Rheumatism - Ayurvedic Remedies For Treating It!
Rheumatism is an auto-immune and chronic disease caused due to the abnormal swelling of the body joints in the knees or the shoulders. The symptoms of rheumatism include intense pain in the morning, mild fever with the pain, swollen joints resulting in immense pain, stiff joints, increased pain in cold climate and extreme tiredness. Doctors are still doubtful about the exact cause of the disease, but the weakened immune system might damage the joints. This makes obese people, smokers and women most susceptible to this disorder. According to Ayurveda, rheumatism is caused due to a major imbalance in the Vata or Kapha dosha. The Ayurvedic remedies aim for the restoration of the body s Vata/Kapha balance. Ayurvedic remedies help reduce the ama , the toxins produced by the body. The Ayurvedic remedies for rheumatoid arthritis are as follows: Boil a cup of mustard oil with camphor in it until the camphor dissolves well. Apply the lukewarm mixture on the affected areas once a day. This helps revive the blood circulation of the affected portion and subsequently reduces the abnormal swelling of the affected joints. You can take a few unpeeled slices of potato and soak them in a glass of cold water. Keep it for the night and drink it the next morning on an empty stomach. Do this every day to get rid of the pain. Include little amounts of ginger, garlic, and turmeric in your regular meals. This will help to reduce the inflammation and stiffness of the affected joints. Ayurvedic scriptures suggest that you should try and reduce the consumption of fish, red meat, curd, spinach and extremely chilled water as they might cause an imbalance in the vata . Applying a recommended amount of castor oil on the affected region helps reduce the inflammation and thus, the pain. A herbal preparation of celery seeds can be consumed daily in order to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
3049 people found this helpful

Common Ayurvedic Remedies For Rheumatoid Arthritis!

MD - Ayurveda, BAMS
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai
Common Ayurvedic Remedies For Rheumatoid Arthritis!
Rheumatism is an auto-immune and chronic disease caused due to the abnormal swelling of the body joints in the knees or the shoulders. The symptoms of rheumatism include intense pain in the morning, mild fever with the pain, swollen joints resulting in immense pain, stiff joints, increased pain in cold climate and extreme tiredness. Doctors are still doubtful about the exact cause of the disease, but the weakened immune system might damage the joints. This makes obese people, smokers and women most susceptible to this disorder. According to Ayurveda, rheumatism is caused due to a major imbalance in the Vata or Kapha dosha. The Ayurvedic remedies aim for the restoration of the body s Vata/Kapha balance. Ayurvedic remedies help reduce the ama , the toxins produced by the body. The Ayurvedic remedies for rheumatoid arthritis are as follows: Boil a cup of mustard oil with camphor in it until the camphor dissolves well. Apply the lukewarm mixture on the affected areas once a day. This helps revive the blood circulation of the affected portion and subsequently reduces the abnormal swelling of the affected joints. You can take a few unpeeled slices of potato and soak them in a glass of cold water. Keep it for the night and drink it the next morning on an empty stomach. Do this every day to get rid of the pain. Include little amounts of ginger, garlic, and turmeric in your regular meals. This will help to reduce the inflammation and stiffness of the affected joints. Ayurvedic scriptures suggest that you should try and reduce the consumption of fish, red meat, curd, spinach and extremely chilled water as they might cause an imbalance in the vata . Applying a recommended amount of castor oil on the affected region helps reduce the inflammation and thus, the pain. A herbal preparation of celery seeds can be consumed daily in order to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
4386 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Please suggest me. What are the early symptoms of knee joint arthritis, like joint wearing off, fluid collection?

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 93% (18249 ratings)
MPT, BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Sports Taping- stretch the tape from both ends and apply on the affected area Contrast Fomentation (Hot and Cold).

Whenever I do chest up. It results the sound of bone breaking just like fingers breaking sound. And then its paining little bit.

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 93% (18249 ratings)
MPT, BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Do the cat/cow stretch. Get on all fours, with your arms straight and your hands directly under your shoulders; your knees hip-width apart.

Ra factor negative Cra factor negative. But I am suffering from multiple joint pain, swelling in joints. Readiness. Then is I am arthritis patients are not.

Dr. Anuradha Sharma 92% (14596 ratings)
MPT - Orthopedic Physiotherapy, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
supplement and after week start stretching exercises of all part. it will help you and cure. no arthritis according negative result

My mother has problem of arthritis since 20 years now she is felling problem in setting and standing all joints bones make sound when she walk. Is any medicine or injection to mobility in joints.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 92% (7255 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Simple Knee ExerciesSpecific knee exercises will also help ie. Keeping ball underneath the knee and keep pressing it. That's the simple exercise which will help you to strengthen the knee Ice therapy would definitely help to reduce the inflammation. We also advise you to use knee cap which would help to prevent the knee from damaging further and also to maintain the quadriceps muscle tone. I also advise you to use knee cap which would help to prevent the knee from damaging further and also to maintain the quadriceps muscle tone. Knee pain more than 2 weeks:if your knee is paining since 2 weeks, then you have to rethink whether you had any injury in the previous years. I also advise you to use knee cap which would help to prevent the knee from damaging further and also to maintain the quadriceps muscle tone. As arthritis is very common if anyone would've neglected any injury in the previous years. You can take Ultrasonic therapy in one of the nearby physiotherapy clinics which would help to heal the damaged cartilages along with shortwave diathermy which would help to improve the blood circulation. Ice therapy would definitely help to reduce the inflammation.

Health Quizzes

Rheumatoid Arthritis - How Homeopathic Remedies Can Deal With It

Dr. Bhavin Dhamsaniya 89% (49 ratings)
BHMS, Diploma In Naturopathy & Yogic Science (DNYS)
Homeopath, Rajkot
Though we consider Arsenic to be a poisonous metal, according to homeopaths it can actually cure rheumatoid arthritis. True or False? Attempt this quiz and find out.
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299 people took this quiz

Homeopathy and Psoriasis - What Should You Know

Dr. Ashwini Indulkar 85% (21 ratings)
Diploma In Cosmetology, Trichology & Skin Aesthetics, B.H.M.S, PG Diploma In Clinical Cosmetology (PGDCC)
Homeopath, Pune
Psoriasis isn t contagious. True or False? Take this quiz to find out.
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119 people took this quiz

How to care for yourself in case of rheumatoid arthritis?

Dr. Radhakrishnan Paulraj 84% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Chennai
When you have rheumatoid arthritis, you should be well aware of your limits. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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37 people took this quiz

Pain Management of Arthritis - The Ayurvedic Way!

Dr. Nabanita Das 94% (164 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD(Ayurveda)
Ayurveda, Guwahati
Turmeric's benefits for arthritis are bountiful, and it helps treat rheumatoid arthritis effectively. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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135 people took this quiz

Treating Arthritis with Ayurveda

Dr. Shashank Agrawal 92% (13933 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicines and Surgery(BAMS), Post Graduation Diploma in Emergency Medicines And Services(PGDEMS), MD - Alternate Medicine
Ayurveda, Ghaziabad
Arthritis leads to numerous symptoms in the body other than pain and swelling of joints.True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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153 people took this quiz

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