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Overview

Tinnitus: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

There is no treatment for tinnitus itself, as the disorder is an indication of an underlying condition. Doctors will recommend a complete physical examination to determine the cause for the tinnitus. If this test does not reveal the issue, you may be sent to ear specialists and audiologists. These doctors will check the functioning of the nerves in the ear. An audiogram may also be performed. Furthermore, MRIs and CT scans may also be needed to determine what is causing the tinnitus.

If the Tinnitus is caused due to an underlying health condition, doctors will treat that condition in order to reduce the effects. However, the same disorder may also be caused due to persistent levels of noise. In such cases, the patient must stay away from such noise in order to reduce the effects of Tinnitus.

Often, the tinnitus goes away on its own without needing any treatment, while at other times there is essentially no way to treat the condition completely. In such cases, the patient can seek out counseling groups so that they can better cope with the disorder. Certain drugs have also proven to have beneficial effects in keeping the condition in check.

How is the treatment done?

Since the tinnitus is caused due an underlying condition, doctors follow different treatment depending on the condition affecting the patient. For instance, if the tinnitus is caused due to excessive earwax formation, doctors will clear out the ear using a specialized tool called curette. This sucks out the dirt trapped inside. The same can also be performed using an ear flush with warm water.

In case of an ear infection causing the tinnitus, doctors will treat the infection with hydrocortisone laced ear drops. An antibiotic may also be prescribed in such a case.

The tinnitus may also be caused due to a dental disorder known as temporomandibular joint syndrome. If you are suffering from this disorder, you will be referred to an orthodontist.

In rare cases, surgery may also be required to treat the underlying condition causing tinnitus. A tumor or cyst could be behind the disorder and in such instances, surgery may be the only option.

Medication may also prove useful against the disorder. For some patients, treatment with antidepressants can be quite effective.

Several therapies have also been devised that can provide relief for people experiencing chronic tinnitus. These therapies may take a long time to prove useful, but are great ways of managing the discomfort.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Anyone who faces persistent ringing in the ears is eligible for receiving the treatment for tinnitus. Some may also be experiencing hearing loss alongside the effects of the condition. However, prior to any of the treatments, patients must list out the medication he/she is currently on if any. Some tinnitus drugs may not be compatible with other medication.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Individuals who do not experience the ringing sensation in their ears are not eligible for receiving the tinnitus treatments. Even people who experience the symptoms from time to time but do not face the problems persistently need not seek out treatment. For these people, the ringing may go away automatically after a few days.

Are there any side effects?

While the other forms of treatment for tinnitus does not result in perceivable side effects, use of certain medications, namely the antidepressants may result in some side effects. These effects include dry mouth, heart ailments and blurry vision. Other stress management drugs prescribed for tinnitus may also cause nausea and drowsiness.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There are no such post-treatment guidelines for tinnitus. However, if the condition is caused due to loud noises, the patients are advised to stay away from such noise. Using a hearing aid at all times may also be necessary to keep the effects at bay. Depression, anxiety and stress must be managed as well to ensure that the symptoms of tinnitus are not magnified.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery rate depends on the underlying condition, which caused the disorder. For instance, if the tinnitus was caused due to excessive ear wax, the symptoms may disappear as soon as the ears are cleared out. However, if the tinnitus is caused due to loud noises or tumors, it may take longer to be cured. In some cases, the condition cannot be cured at all and can only be controlled or managed using medication and other tools.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of treatment varies according to the underlying condition. In case of a trivial cause, one visit to the doctor may be enough to cure the symptoms. While in more serious cases, several visits may be needed along with other medical costs.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The treatment does not permanently cure tinnitus. Loud noises and other such disturbances to the ear may cause the condition to make a comeback.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

People looking to find a solution outside of conventional medicine can try out cognitive therapy. This therapy teaches the patient to accept the ringing sound that is a result of the disorder. It also modifies the reaction to the tinnitus in the patient. Biofeedback methods can also be used to relieve the stress associated with tinnitus. This in turn helps to manage the symptoms of the condition.

Safety: Very High Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: High Price Range:

Rs. 50-Rs. 1,000

Popular Health Tips

How Can Counselling Help A Patient With Tinnitus?

MS - ENT, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
ENT Specialist, Ghaziabad
How Can Counselling Help A Patient With Tinnitus?

A patient suffering from tinnitus will experience a sensation of ringing in the ears. However, during this time they may also hear certain sounds such as whistling, clicking or hissing sounds. These sounds can keep either be episodic or regular. There isn’t any cure for the condition of tinnitus but the symptoms can be managed. Most people get used to the ringing sensation over a period of time. For many others tinnitus can cause insomnia, can make concentrating troublesome and can also lead to depression and or anxiety.

The noise that is heard in tinnitus by the patient is generally exclusive. Patient suffering with tinnitus will hear either low or high-pitched ringing noise. This is indicative of a severe condition. The volume keeps fluctuating and most likely affects a person during the night. In severe cases, a person can even lose his ability to hear.

Tinnitus involves disturbance within the auditory system and is resistant to a range of treatments. Tinnitus can be quite difficult to treat and therefore, counselling can be a way of dealing with it. This is because those who suffer from tinnitus can experience extreme levels of emotional imbalance, trouble sleeping, trouble concentrating, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and disruption of one’s social life.

How can counselling help?
Counselling aids in lowering the negative effects of the condition and enables the patients to comprehend their situation better. By coming to terms with their condition, it can markedly lower the disturbance levels.
Counselling is very important for treating tinnitus. The counselling method makes use of sessions that involve advising, empowering and informing the patients who are in need of support. The main aim of helping a tinnitus patient with counselling is either to reduce the severity of condition itself or to help a patient deal with his or her annoyance that arises out of suffering from the condition.

You should consult a trained psychologist if you think you are suffer from the condition. The degree of counselling is also dependent on the environment. A tinnitus management therapy primarily aims to reduce the stress caused on the patient’s life. These include psycho-educational approach that can be either carried out in single sessions or in groups. The psycho-education approach comprises maintaining sleeping hygiene, relaxation techniques and providing training for controlling attention.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2427 people found this helpful

All About Tinnitus

MS - ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Delhi
All About Tinnitus

If you hear a constant ringing in your ears without any external stimulus, it is called tinnitus. The sound can also manifest as incessant roaring, hissing, buzzing or clicking. The sound can be loud or soft, low or high pitched. Tinnitus can occur in one ear, or both the ears.

Tinnitus is primarily of two types:

  1. Subjective tinnitus: This type of tinnitus is very common. In this type, only you are able to hear the ringing, or buzzing. The main cause of subjective tinnitus is ear problems, especially in the inner, middle and outer ear. Problems in the auditory nerves (hearing) or auditory pathways (the part in your brain that changes nerve signals into sound) can also cause subjective tinnitus.
  2. Objective tinnitus: In this type of tinnitus, the doctor can also hear the sound when he/she performs an examination. This type of tinnitus is rare. Muscles contractions, problems in the blood vessels or conditions in the middle ear bone can cause objective tinnitus.

Causes:
Tinnitus is not a condition; it is more of a symptom of some other underlying medical condition. Tinnitus can be caused by any of the following complications-

  1. Hearing loss (This happens mostly among older people)
  2. Loud noises
  3. Sinus and ear infections
  4. Blood vessel or heart problems
  5. Meniere's disease (The inner ear is affected by unknown causes which lead to deafness)
  6. Brain tumours
  7. Hormonal changes(This happens mostly to women)
  8. Thyroid problem
  9. Certain medications (antibiotics, cancer medicines, diuretics, quinine medication, some types of antidepressants, aspirin)

Symptoms:
The symptoms of tinnitus include

  1. You hear noises that no one else will be able to hear
  2. The sound can be depicted as chirping, whistling, screeching, clicking, static, hissing, buzzing, roaring, pulsing, musical or whooshing.
  3. The sounds can vary greatly in volume and it is most prominent at night or when your surroundings are quiet
  4. Loss of hearing commonly follows tinnitus. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ent Specialist.
4422 people found this helpful

Constant Ringing in Ears - Causes + Treatment

MBBS, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Constant Ringing in Ears - Causes + Treatment

Tinnitus is a disorder which is characterized by a constant perception of a ringing noise in the ears. This is not the condition in itself, rather it signals some other underlying condition such as an ear injury or age related hearing loss. It is not a serious condition, although the symptoms can worsen with age. If you are affected by this disorder, you might experience or ‘hear’ a constant ringing sensation in the ears, even if there are no external sources of noise. These sounds could range from being a buzzing, ringing, to a hissing sound. This condition has mighty chances of interfering with your daily routine.

It is classified into two types:

  1. Objective tinnitus: This disorder is caused by muscle contractions or a blood vessel problem.
  2. Subjective tinnitus: The more commonly occurring type, it is caused by damage to the auditory nerves or regions of the brain that interpret sound.

The causes of this disorder are:

  1. Exposure to loud noise: If you are exposed to loud noises such as the ones emanating from firearms or heavy machinery over a prolonged period, it can lead to tinnitus.
  2. Aging: Aging can cause progressive loss of hearing, thus triggering tinnitus.
  3. Blockage of the ear: There is earwax present in the ears, the function of which is to trap dirt and bacteria. Excessive earwax accumulation leads to loss of hearing, resulting in tinnitus.
  4. Modifications of the ear bone: Any stiffening of the middle bone in the ear could impair your hearing and result in this condition.

Certain factors such as smoking, age, sex (men are prone to this disorder) and heart related disorders increase the risks of being affected by this condition.

Treatment
The treatment of this condition begins with the identification of the underlying condition, if any. The various treatment options are –

  1. Removal of earwax: Excess earwax has gotten rid of which can relieve symptoms of tinnitus.
  2. Suppression of noise: Certain machines, known as white noise machines, produce random sounds such as the sound of rain or the sounds of waves, thus eliminating the ‘hearing’ of sounds which are common to this condition.
  3. Medications: Certain medications such as alprazolam and nortriptyline can help reduce the severity of the symptoms. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ent-specialist.
2789 people found this helpful

Acoustic Neuroma - Everything You Need to Know

MS - ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Bangalore
Acoustic Neuroma - Everything You Need to Know

Acoustic neuroma is a benign tumor that occurs in the primary nerve between the brain and the ear. The tumor progresses very slowly and can influence your balance and hearing. In certain cases, if the tumor becomes very large, then it may also impair vital functions of the body.

Symptoms

The symptoms of acoustic neuroma tend to develop when the tumor starts to press on the nerve and its adjoining branches. The symptoms of this disorder are –

  1. You may experience hearing loss on one side which might worsen gradually.

  2. You may have problems in balancing yourself.

  3. A continuous ringing sound in the ears.

  4. Persistent dizziness.

  5. If the tumor is large and presses on the nearby nerves, then you may experience numbness of the facial muscles.

  6. In some cases, it may impair the vital functions of the body.

This disorder is caused by a malfunctioning gene. There is no documented reason as to why the gene malfunctions.

The treatment options for this disorder are

  1. Constant Monitoring: These tumors tend to grow very slowly but might spurt in some cases. In order to prevent damage to your body, they need to be monitored on a regular basis. Imaging tests are recommended on a periodic basis to determine the growth of the tumor.

  2. Radiosurgery: Stereotactic radiosurgery is done to treat acoustic neuroma that is small in size. In this surgery, radiation is directed at the tumor without creating any incision. It is done to limit the growth of the tumor and preserve your hearing.

Surgery: The tumor can be removed by using surgical procedures. It involves administering general anesthesia, followed by removing the tumor through an incision on the skull or the inner ear. Surgery is used to remove the tumor and preserve your hearing abilities. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a oncologist and ask a free question.

2417 people found this helpful

Cupping Therapy In Tinnitus!

MD (U), Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Unani Specialist, Delhi
Cupping Therapy In Tinnitus!

Cupping Therapy in Tinnitus (Ears ringing) कान में घंटिया बजना -

Cupping may help calm tinnitus symptoms in numerous ways. Cupping lessens pressure, which can fuel both the tinnitus and any fundamental conditions. Cupping can likewise resolve postural issues that may add to tinnitus. 
Muscle pressure can aggravate tinnitus. Cupping lessens tense muscles and redresses neck, head, and jaw misalignment which can put weight on the internal ear. There are a couple of specific focuses points around the ear and neck which can be focused with cupping to assuage manifestations of tinnitus. Another zone of center for tinnitus cupping is the mastoid procedure, the hard piece of the skull specifically behind the ear. Cupping is an astounding normal treatment alternative for those tormented by the annoying indications of tinnitus. It can diminish by and large pressure and uneasiness "the two supporters of compounding tinnitus" and additionally mitigate strain and enhance arrangement in the neck, jaw and ear muscles. For anybody looking for cupping for tinnitus, it is essential to pick a master unani doctor completely prepared in cupping strategies for the neck, jaw, and ear muscles.

 

Popular Questions & Answers

Best ear drops for ear pain? And I am hearing ringing sounds in left ear after cold from a week. Ent had prescribed a nasal solution so cold is fine but ear has same problem still? Wat should I do.

Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
A warm compress. Placing a warm, moist washcloth over the affected ear may lessen pain. Pain medication. Your doctor may advise the use of over-the-counter acetaminophen(Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) to relieve pain. Wash your hands. Do so often, especially after using the bathroom or touching inanimate objects, like bathroom faucets and door handles, in public places. ...Go to bed early. ...Eat healthy food with plenty of vitamins. ...Exercise. ...Try zinc lozenges.

I have hearing problem on my right ear and tinnitus on both sides of my head. Is there any treatment available for my problems?

M.Sc - Audiology, BASLP
Audiologist, Delhi
Please visit an ENT for ear examination and have your hearing tested by a qualified audiologist. You can ask your doctor or audiologist for the possible treatment based on your examination. If you want to consult me you can share your reports with me.
1 person found this helpful

My wife is 25 years old and recently I have noticed clock ticking like Sound coming from her head. This happens only when she changes positions of sleep for like 2 seconds and only when she is really asleep. If she is little bit conscious while changing her position of sleep, no sound comes. She is completely unaware of it as she is asleep. It's very disturbing as I can't sleep if I hear any weird sound of slightest frequency. It's not snoring, it's non vocal. Should I be worried?

Master of Hospital Administration, Bachelor of Audiology & Speech Language Pathology (B.A.S.L.P), MASTER IN AUDIOLOGY AND SPEECH LANGUAGE PATHOLOGY
Speech Therapist, Bangalore
It's called objective tinnitus (pulsatile in nature). It can be due to various causes. Suggestion is without wasting time get MRI scan and angiogram of heart .Consult with Head and neck surgeon near by your place and cardiologist. If tht comes normal then all other causes are not serious. Don't waste time please to get this done.
1 person found this helpful

I feel a sound ringing in my ear, I took treatment from 6 years, but problem is not solved. I have already took treatment from many doctors, but my problem is not solved.

MS otorhinolaryngology and head and neck surgery
ENT Specialist, Jaipur
Yes this is tinnitus. Very annoying and less treatable. You need to learn to live with it. The things you can do is listen white noise frequently. And take anti anxiety medication. Gradually your body will start adjusting. Dnt worry its not a major problem or disease.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice