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Dizziness: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Dizziness is associated to a range of sensations, such as wooziness, unsteadiness, weariness, weakness, and a feeling of faint. Dizziness which creates a false sense that that either you or your surroundings are constantly moving or spinning is known as vertigo. Dizziness is one of the most common reasons of why people visit doctors. Treatment of this condition depends on the cause of it and its indications. Usually, the treatment is considered effective but it may also recur. Symptoms include al false sense of spinning or motion (vertigo), loss of balance, lightheadedness and heavy-headedness. The feelings may worsen or trigger while standing up, walking or moving your head. Dizziness may also be associated with nausea or sometimes be so severe or sudden that you will need to lie down or just sit down somewhere. This episode usually lasts for seconds or even days and chances are it may recur.

In case your doctor suspects that you are of old age and suffered a head blow, or, may have had or are undergoing a stroke, he/she may immediately order a CT or an MRI scan. Medical treatments of dizziness include dizziness reduction medications, water pills, anti-anxiety medications, anti-nausea medications, and migraine preventive medications. Therapeutic treatment comprises of psychotherapy, balance therapy and head position maneuvers. Lastly, surgical treatments involve removal of the inner ear sense organ and injections.

How is the treatment done?

Dizziness is often known to get better without treatment. Within a few weeks or less the body usually adapts to the cause of it. In case you seek treatment, your health care provider will base it on your current condition and also your indications. It included medications along with balanced exercises. Even if there is no valid cause found and your dizziness is persistent, there are prescription drugs and other treatment methods which may be able to manage your condition and symptoms better.

Water pills (diuretic) are prescribed by your doctor in case you have Meniere’s disease. This treatment method is more effective if taken with a low-salt diet. It will reduce the recurrent dizziness episodes faced by you. Meclizine (Antivert) is a part of antihistamines which offer a short-term relief from vertigo. Anticholinergics like scopolamine skin patches (Transderm Scop) also reduce dizziness. Therapeutic measures like balance therapy makes you learn certain exercises to make your body’s balance system less sensitive to spinning or motion. This physical therapy is known as vestibular rehabilitation. It is usually used for those with vestibular neuritis condition of the inner ear which causes dizziness. Surgical measure of injecting the inner ear with an antibiotic gentamicin in order to disable the balance function so that the unaffected ear takes over that particular function is also considered quite effective.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

A person is eligible for treatment of dizziness if he/she experiences some or all of the symptoms associated with it. The symptoms are: dizziness, problems with balance, lightheadedness, a sense of motion sickness, tinnitus, feeling of fullness in the ear and nausea and vomiting. A doctor will determine whether a person is suffering from vertigo or not by means of a physical examination and checking the patient’s medical history. A person may also be advised to undergo an MRI or CT scan. Thus, a person will only be eligible for treatment after he/she has been properly diagnosed by a doctor.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person who does not suffer from the symptoms of dizziness is not eligible for treatment. A person affected by Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is not suited to undergo the vestibular rehabilitation. Epley manouevre requires some head exercises to be done. A person who has a serious head/neck injury is not eligible for this treatment. A person needs to consult a doctor before understanding whether he/she is eligible to take medications like antihistamine and prochlorperazine.

Are there any side effects?

The side-effects of vestibular rehabilitation therapy include dizziness, muscle fatigue, sedation, weakness, and unsteadiness and falls that may sometimes amplify the disorder. Epley manoeuvre does not have any serious side-effects. However, a small fraction of the patients who have undergone his treatment have experienced transient nausea while fewer people have experienced vomiting. Prochlorperazine has a number of side-effects like dizziness, drowsiness, sleep disorders, constipation, swelling of breasts, weight gain and missing of menstrual period for women. Antihistamine’s side effects include drowsiness, dizziness, vomiting, nausea, vision problems, confusion and problems in urination.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There are a number of lifestyle changes you can do in order to get read of dizziness causing havoc in your daily life. After getting the treatment, there are certain things to be kept in mind. Have plenty of rest, keep yourself hydrated at all times and have regular meals. In case you are feeling dizzy again, lie down immediately. Make your home safe in order to deal with chronic dizziness. This is done by keeping a cane, walker, tub mats, and banisters that may help the patient by avoiding injury. An anxious person who suffers from dizziness can be helped by some reassurance.

How long does it take to recover?

The medications for dizziness are harmless and the symptoms usually go away in about a week to 6 weeks. Thereafter, you need to follow your doctor’s instructions and maintain a healthy lifestyle in order to prevent complications and recurrence.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of diagnosis along with the visit to a doctor will range between Rs. 3,500 to Rs. 4,000. On the other hand, the cost of treatment will range between Rs. 150 to Rs. 500.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment can never be permanent without actually altering your usual lifestyle measures. You need to be conscious about your mental and physical health and carry on with regular exercise along with proper diet to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The alternative treatments available for dizziness are gingko biloba (herb that increases blood flow to the brain), consumption of ginger tea each morning, consumption of gooseberry powder, raw honey, and coriander seeds (mix it with warm water and have a cup of it every morning), and the consumption of almonds with milk (mix an almond paste with a glass of warm milk and drink it up).

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 150 - Rs. 500

Popular Health Tips

Did You Know Ear Problems Can Cause Dizziness Too?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Did You Know Ear Problems Can Cause Dizziness Too?

The ear is typically associated with hearing. However, it plays a much larger role in our daily functioning. The ear also helps us maintain our balance. In fact, one of the most common causes of loss of balance or dizziness is a blocked ear canal.

Dizziness can range from a brief moment of imbalance and light-headedness to a severe spinning sensation. In severe cases, it can also result in a black-out. To maintain one’s balance, the input is needed from the eyes, inner ear and joints of the feet and legs. These impulses are processed by the brain which sends out signals to other limbs and organs on what needs to be done to maintain balance. A disturbance in any one of the three inputs can cause dizziness or a loss of balance.

Which part of the ear is responsible for dizziness?
The structure of the ear can be categorized into an external part and an internal part. The external part of the ear is responsible for receiving sounds, amplifying them and forwarding them to the inner ear. The inner ear is shaped like a snail. It has two interconnected parts. One part helps convert sounds into electrical signals that can be transported to the brain while the other helps maintain balance. This consists of three balance canals.

These canals move in a different direction depending on the movement of the head. This part of the inner ear also contains 2 small components with sensory cells covered in small calcium crystals. These compartments help sense linear movements such as rocking, bouncing or swaying movements. If the crystals covering these compartments are dislodged, the person may lose his or her balance. A tumour in the inner ear can also lead to a loss of balance.

Meniere’s syndrome
Meniere’s syndrome is a disorder related to the inner ear. This is a common cause of dizziness and vertigo. Meniere’s syndrome usually affects only one ear. This is marked by an abnormal collection of fluid in the inner ear. Blockages in the ear canal, an allergy, stress, fatigue or a trauma are some of the common reasons why this fluid may accumulate in the ear. Dizziness caused by this disease is usually noticed in the first and second stage of this condition. In such cases, dizziness may be accompanied by a loss of hearing, ringing sensation in the ears and pressure in the affected ear.

5354 people found this helpful

Ear Drum Perforations: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB - ENT, Allergy Testing
ENT Specialist, Gurgaon
Ear Drum Perforations: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Ear drum is a thin curtain-like tissue that separates the inner ear from the middle and outer ear. If this ear drum is somehow punctured, then that condition is referred to as an ear drum perforation. The ear drum can get perforated for a variety of reasons, but here are the major causes for the same.

Causes Of Ear Drum Perforations

  1. Infection- An ear infection can alleviate into an ear drum perforation. Usually, the infected area may undergo inflammation to such a degree that it may puncture the ear drum. Normally, in case of ear drum perforations due to infections, the pus from the infection drops out of the ear.
  2. Foreign object- Inserting a foreign object inside the ear in a bid to scratch or clear the area can damage the ear drum. Avoid using Q-tips and other foreign items to scratch the ear.
  3. Barotrauma- This is a condition when the air pressure on the outer ear is not the same as the pressure inside the inner ear. Usually, barotrauma is caused when a plane changes altitude or in case of scuba divers when they make the dive deep down.
  4. Injury- Injury resulting from head trauma or a slap across the ear can sometimes cause the ear drum to rupture as well.

Symptoms of Ear Drum Perforation
Everyone does not experience the typical symptoms that are associated with a perforated ear drum. Most people do not notice it at once, but may visit the doctor after several days of discomfort. People who have a perforated ear drum may also notice air coming out of their ears when they blow their nose. This happens as the forceful blow of air causes the air to rise inside the ear cavity and come out through the opening in the ear drum. Apart from these symptoms, pain in the ear, pus discharge, hearing loss and dizziness may also be caused due to the condition.

Treatment for Ear Drum Perforation
Ear drum perforation does not require a specific kind of treatment to heal. This is because the condition gets repaired by itself within a couple of months. Doctors may, at the most, prescribe antibiotics to ensure that the ear does not get infected prior to complete healing. If the condition is extremely painful, doctors may also prescribe certain over-the-counter pain medications to you. In some rare cases, surgery may be needed in order to completely mend the perforated ear drum.  In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2589 people found this helpful

Holter Monitor - What Exactly It Is?

Multi Speciality
Cardiologist, Delhi
Holter Monitor - What Exactly It Is?

A holter is a a 24-48 hour hour ECG that is used to evaluate disturbances in the rhythm of your heart. A holter monitor is a little, battery controlled therapeutic gadget that measures your heart's actions, for example, rate and cadence. Your specialist may request that you utilize one, in case that they require more data about how your heart functions, that a normal electrocardiogram (EKG) cannot give them. Twenty four hour holter monitoring is an important test to record your heart's rate and cadence for twenty four hours. 

You wear the holter small monitor for twelve to forty-eight hours as you continue with your usual everyday routine. This gadget has cathodes and electrical leads like a standard ECG. It can get your heart's rate and beat as well as when you feel neck pains or display indications of an unpredictable pulse or arrhythmia. 

Here is how it usually works:

  1. The holter monitor is very small. It is marginally bigger than a deck of playing cards. A few leads or wires, are attached to your body like an ECG. The leads connect with cathodes that are put on the skin of your chest with a paste like gel. The metal anodes direct your heart's movement through the wires and into the holter screen. 
  2. You wear a little pocket around your neck that holds the recorder. It is important to keep the monitor near your body during the testing time frame to ensure the readings are precise. 
  3. You will get guidelines that disclose how to deal with your monitor and what not to do while you are wearing it. It is vital to abstain from activities, such as washing, exercising, or running, while you are wearing the screen.
  4. You are urged to take an interest in your typical routine during the holter twenty-four-hour test. You will be coordinated to record your routine in a journal. 
  5. A 24-hour holter test is effortless. Make sure to record any pain, fast pulse, or other cardiovascular symptoms you have during the testing period. Keep the Holter dry to guarantee it works properly. Scrub down or shower before your arrangement to have the screen fitted and do not apply any moisturizers or creams. Stay away from exercises that may lead to the screen getting wet.
  6. Electrical fields may meddle with the capacity of the holter screen. Keep away from zones of high voltage while wearing the screen. 

The results can somewhat be determined as follows: 

  1. After the suggested testing time allotment has passed, you will come back to your specialist's office to have the holter monitor removed. Your specialist will read your movement and examine the aftereffects of the screen. Depending upon the results of the test, you may need to experience additional testing before a conclusion is made.
  2. The holter monitor may uncover underlying disturbances in your heart rate that may go unnoticed and will help your doctor in treatment of the condition. This is an a very informative and useful tests specially if you have irregular heart beats, fast heart beats, unexplained dizziness or fainting.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3774 people found this helpful

Why Should You Consult An ENT For Dizziness?

Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB (Otorhinolaryngology) , MS - ENT , MBBS
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Why Should You Consult An ENT For Dizziness?

Dizziness is now a very common problem among the adults. Maybe people do not take this to be a serious problem in many of the cases, but repeated feeling of dizziness may lead them to visit a doctor. When in the case of such situation, you visit a general physician, not knowing the causes of such problem; often the doctor will refer you to an ENT. There have been some reasons of why you should visit an ENT for dizziness.

Symptoms of Dizziness

Often dizziness occurs along with some other symptoms too. Some of the symptoms that are accompanied by dizziness are:

Some Important Reasons for Dizziness
If you are facing dizziness on regular grounds, then it may happen that it is due to some very serious health complications that you are suffering from. Some of the problems that may cause dizziness are:
Inner ear issues,

  • Issues in the central nervous system,
  • Issues related to the cardiovascular system,
  • Bacterial or viral infection,
  • Side effects of any medicine.

Diagnosis of The Problem
Diagnosis of the problem is the most important step in case of dizziness. It is because the diagnosis is not about whether you are feeling dizzy or not, it is the diagnosis about why you are feeling dizzy. There are some tests related to balance to diagnose the cause of dizziness. To get the tests done related to balance, you need to visit an ENT because the balance system of the human body is there located in the inner ear.

Though the balance of the body is there to the inner ear, also the test of other sensory organs such as eye and brain is also done. This is because balance disorder or dizziness happens when there is a problem in the communication system of the body. One of the most important ways to diagnose balance is by doing an eye test that is known as nystagmus.

Treatment of The Problem
After several tests of various sensory organs, when the ENT expert reaches a particular result, then the treatment starts depending upon the diagnosis. Today treatment for such balance disorder or dizziness has become common. Some problems can get solved by a changed diet only while other may need the help of medicines. Again, some of the problems may get cured by doing exercises while for some; you may need the help of a physiotherapist too.

When it is about dizziness, it is surely about balance disorder due to some major problems. Balance is controlled from with the inner eye and other sensory organs also, hence it is important to visit the ENT in this case. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ent Specialist.

2505 people found this helpful

Irregular Heartbeat - Signs You Are Suffering From It!

MBBS, DM - Cardiology, MD
Cardiologist, Hyderabad
Irregular Heartbeat - Signs You Are Suffering From It!

Atrial fibrillation is a form of irregular heartbeat or arrhythmia, which you may experience due to a problem in the electrical system of the heart. Such a problem causes the upper parts of the heart or the atria to fibrillate. Due to this quivering, the normal rhythm between the lower parts of the heart and the atria gets disrupted. The ventricles are likely to beat faster in an irregular rhythm. This is a severe condition where the blood may get collected in the atria; this could lead to the formation of blood clots. These clots can block the blood flow and lead to a stroke.

Causes
Several conditions cause strain and damage to the heart. These include the following:

  1. High blood pressure or hypertension
  2. Heart attack
  3. Valvular diseases
  4. Coronary artery disease
  5. Medical problems like heart failure, lung diseases, high level of thyroid or pneumonia
  6. Heart surgeries
  7. Excess consumption of alcohol

Symptoms
The primary symptoms of atrial fibrillation include the following:

  1. Light-headedness and dizziness
  2. Shortness of breath
  3. Feeling weak and fatigued
  4. Feeling as if the heart is pounding, fluttering or racing (known as palpitations)
  5. Feeling that the beating of the heart is uneven
  6. Chest pain and fainting

In many cases of atrial fibrillation, the symptoms may be absent.

Diagnosis
Conducting several tests, physical examinations and an analysis of your health history is the first step towards diagnosing atrial fibrillation. An electrocardiogram (ECG) needs to be carried out for the detection of this condition. This test is performed for checking problems regarding the electrical activity of the heart. Other laboratory tests and an echocardiogram maybe required as well. An echocardiogram helps in observing the pumping function of the heart and to check whether the valves have been damaged.

Treatment
The treatment options for atrial fibrillation depend on the cause, symptoms and the risks of getting a stroke. Several medicines are used for treatment along with other methods. They are as follows:

  1. Blood thinning medicines for the prevention of a stroke.
  2. Heart rate control medicines which will prevent irregular beating of the heart.
  3. Rhythm control medicines for restoring the heart’s rhythm to normal.
  4. A process known as cardioversion may be used to bring the heartbeat to a normal rhythm. This can be carried out by medicines or an electric shock therapy known as electrical cardioversion.
  5. In case of severe symptoms, ablation may be carried out where the affected areas of the heart are destroyed by the creation of a scar tissue.

For the best diagnosis and treatment of atrial fibrillation, you must consult a doctor as soon as you start experiencing the symptoms of the condition. A doctor will prescribe all that you need for an effective treatment.

4867 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir, I am suffering from dizziness frequently by using betavert 16 mg getting relived, is there permanent solution for this?

M.S.in ENT, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB (ENT)
ENT Specialist, Mumbai
Sure. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo needs to be ruled out with a specific test. If positive, it is treatable with a few sittings of a special manuovuer.
2 people found this helpful

HI sir, I am getting dizziness from past 11 days tablet taken from physician. No hearing nerve or hearing problem. While on walk imbalance some time no vision problem why sir.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Trivandrum
Giddiness can be of mainly two reason. One is Peripheral and one is central. Peripheral cause at age of 40 is usually related to the ear imbalance. Central cause is related to brain functions. But most of the problems reduces by drugs and excercises. Need to know the exact problems for advicing medicines.

Hello I am a 25 years old unmarried female. I was diagnosed with an ovarian cyst of 5 cm on my left ovary and an ovarian cyst of 3 cm on right ovary before 5 months. I had many of the symptoms like bloating, leg pain, pelvic pain, pull like feel in the vagina, constipation, dizziness, nausea. I visited gynecologist n she prescribed me norethisterone (crina ncr) for 3 months which I took as prescribed. After 3 months I was again suggested for usg n the result showed chocolate cyst of 4 cm on left ovary n 1 cm cyst on right ovary. I was also advised ca125 level n the result of that came as 47. Now I am prescribed endosis for 3 months. I am taking endosis from 9 days n tomorrow I am supposed to stop this medicine till next menstruation bleeding occurs. Even after taking so much of the medicines my symptoms are still the same. I still feel bloating, leg pain, back pain, dizziness, nausea, lowe abdomen pain. Please suggest what should I do?

MBBS, DNB, Fellowship in Infertility
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Hi. You are having endometriosis. It is not very easy to treat. Requires long treatment. Crina was for simple cyst not for endometriosis. You actually started treatment since 9 days. Please continue. Take pain killers of pain is the problem. Final solution is surgery. Then also it can reccur. Please suppress it and keep a check on size. Otherwise it will eat your eggs gradually and you can have problems in pregnancy too. Early marriage and pregnancy also helps to subside cysts.
1 person found this helpful

I am 43 years old male. Weight 72 kg height 5.4 .Non smoker non alcoholic. From past 3 days I am feeling slight spinning (chakkar) in evening.

MA-Clinical Psychology, M-Phil Clinical Psychology, Ph.D - Emotions & Their Psychosomatic Effects On Human Body
Psychologist, Gurgaon
You may get your BP monitored over a period of 3-days -morning & evening in continuity.In the meantime also obseve, whether you are getting an undisturbed sleep at night for minimum 7-8 hours.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Breathlessness
When you experience shortness of breath for no reason, you might wonder if there is something to worry. Breathing difficulty (dyspnea) affects around 1 in every 10 adults. The causes are varied, and just like other health problems like dizziness, fatigue, and abdominal pain, shortness of breath too has several causes.
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Anemia - How To Cure It?
Anemia is a disease which occurs due to the lack of red blood cells or hemoglobin in your body. The body transports oxygen and the nutrition you get from food, to various body parts through hemoglobin, and a deficiency can cause lower supply of these important elements to the body. Which is why, the patient may feel a lack of energy, dizziness and even exhaustion.
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Transcranial Direct-Current Stimulation (TDCS)
Hello Everyone! This is R Dr. Anuneet Sabharwal. Consultant psychiatrist at Infinity clinic.

Today I am going to talk about one of the latest modalities for the management of various psychiatric conditions this modality is called Transcranial Direct-Current Stimulation or TDCS. TDCS has recent been introduced and has been introduced and has been approved by urine for mirrors conditions in Europe in the last five years. So what is TDSC we know that in most psychiatric condition there is a chemical imbalance in the brain that happens because of which our states of mind and our perceptions change. With TDCS we stimulate and target particular areas of the brain to stimulate and then achieve the desired result simply meaning a kind of brain stimulation which is completely noninvasive very safe. With almost no side effects for therapeutic improvement. So what are the condition in which TDCS can be used. TDCS has a very wide variety of applications for which it can be used so some of them include depression, anxiety, insomnia, addiction for craving management. Migraine, different kinds of pains, among a host of other applications. A typical TDCS session lasts between 20 to 40 minutes although we prescribe a 30 minutes session which is a standard session clinically. A patient may require anywhere 5 to 40 sessions of TDCS for therapeutic improvement, however usually most clients need about 10 to 20 sessions to experience significant improvement. Like I mentioned earlier, there are virtually no side effects except a mild headache or dizziness with TDCS which are also very transient and do not last longer so if you thing you don t want to consult infinity clinic to TDCs or have you.

If you have any other queries you can definitely contact us on Lybrate and we will help you as best as we can. Thank you.
Play video
Causes and Symptoms of Hypertension
Causes, symptoms and home remedies for Hypertension

Good morning. Mera naam hai Dr. Amol Bamane. Main rasyog Ayurveda ka founder hu. Aaj main aapko Hypertension ke baare mein information dena wala hu. Uske baare mein causes symptoms aur uske home remedies bhi main aapko batane wala hu.

Hypertension, nothing but aapke jo veins hai waha se jo blood flow hota hai blood supply hota hai, waha pe ek certain amount of pressure rehta hai. jab ye pressure increase ho jata hai, toh usse hum blood pressure kehte hai. uske symptoms hai headache, dizziness, chest pain, nausea, vomiting, , toh ye saare uske symptom hai. uske causes hai, obesity hai, high intake of salt hai, high consumption of alcohol hai, mental aur physical stress hai, toh ye saare uske causes hai.

Hypertension ke liye main aapko aaj home remedies batane wala hu, uske liye aap 2-3 lehsun ki pudiya aur wo aap khayiye roz, toh isse aapka blood pressure aur hypertension jo hai wok am ho jayega aur ye heart rhythm bhi normal rakhta hai. dusra home remedies, hypertension ke liye ye hai ki aap ek chammach watermelon seeds lijiye, uske crush kijiye ache se aur usme 1 chammach khas khas powder lijiye aur dono mix kijiye ek sath, aur aap ye din mein ek baar lijiye everyday in the morning. Ye aap three-four weeks tak kijiye aapko bahut hi acha results mil jayega.

Is vishey mein adhiktam jankari ke liye aap lybrate.com pe jaa kar mujhe online consult bhi kar sakte hai.

Play video
Heart Diseases
Me, Dr. Manish Mittal, Cardiologist at Sarvodaya Hospital and Heart Center at Ghaziabad. Also practicing at my clinic: Dr. Mittal's Echo Medical Center at Patel Nagar, Ghaziabad. Today I will talk about heart diseases. Most commonly the coronary artery heart disease. It is the biggest cause of death. Coronary artery heart disease is due to the blockage of vessels supplying blood to the heart. Due to this heart cannot get the proper blood supply that leads to the symptoms in the form of chest pain, dyspnea on exertion.

And when these vessels are completely blocked, the patient has the acute heart attack. These patients can land up in a lot many complications like heart failure, sudden cardiac arrest. So, it is very important from the patient perspective to identify these symptoms. Go for the emergency medical attention. To diagnose, ECG is very important. Necessary tests are mandatory to initiate the medical management. The most important investigation is electrocardiogram.

In case of acute heart attack, patient should be admitted in the emergency of the hospital under a cardiologist and initial treatment should be started as soon as possible. The main treatment is to open the blood vessels as early as possible. The early we initiate the treatment, the better is the prognosis. The main treatment in these cases is either from thrombosis or angioplasty. Besides that, the patient is started with the other medications.

Like anti-platelet drugs and other specific cardiac maintenance to cut down the complications associated with the heart attack. In those cases, who are not the case of a heart attack but they feel chest pain or breathlessness, so these are the cases of chronic stable angina who have the problem of blockage in their blood vessels which are unable to meet the supply of the heart muscles. So, they feel symptoms during the increased workload in the form of exercises, climbing stairs.

So, in these cases, they should contact a cardiologist who can recognize their symptoms and can do ECG, echo stress test and if required coronary angiography to understand the underlying coronary problems. And advice the patient either for the medical management, angioplasty or bypass surgery. Besides, the coronary artery heart diseases, other diseases that we encounter in our day to day practice is the patient with heart failure i.e. the weakness of heart muscles. Patient with the disease where blood vessels supply blood to the systemic circulation or pulmonary circulation.

So, these have to be diagnosed as per their symptoms and clinical findings. In last, I would say, if you feel any of these symptoms like chest pain, breathlessness, fatigue, weakness, swelling of the legs, dizziness, loss of consciousness, consult your cardiologist for the proper evaluation of the symptoms. So, that he/she can diagnose the underlying conditions as early as possible and advise you for the further management. In last, I would like to say, if you want to consult me directly by coming to my clinic or the hospital or via Lybrate.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice