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Migraine - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

A Migraine is described as a continuous throbbing headache which affects only one side of the head. It is usually accompanied by a disturbed vision, sensitivity to light & sound and nausea. It can cause extreme throbbing pain which can last from hours to days. The pain is usually extremely disabling. Warning signs of a Migraine include tingling sensation on your face, leg or arm, blind spots and flashes of light. Taking certain medications can make the Migraines less painful. It usually begins in early adulthood, adolescence or childhood.

Stages of Migraine:

  • Prodrome- Two or three days before you get a Migraine, you can get warned by subtle changes such as constipation, intense mood swings, food cravings, neck stiffness, frequent urination, increase in thirst and frequent yawning.
  • Aura- This usually occurs during or before a Migraine. They usually have signs such as zigzag vision, wavy or light vision and flashes of light. Sometimes, aura can also be characterized by speech disturbances. These symptoms can last for 20 to 60 minutes at a stretch.
  • Attack- In this stage the Migraine usually lasts from 4 to 72 hours if it isn’t treated. The frequency of the occurrence of the headache can vary from person to person. In this stage, you might experience pain on both or just one side of your head, pulsing pain, sensitivity to light, nausea, vomiting and fainting.
  • Post drome- This is known as the final stage of a Migraine. Many people feel washed out and drained. People can also experience confusion, moodiness, dizziness, weakness and sensitivity to light and sound.

When should you consult a doctor?

Usually Migraines are mild and can heal on its own within a few days, but sometimes it can be an underlying condition of a much serious disorder. It is vital to consult a general physician if you experience certain serious symptoms such as a severe headache, mental confusion, and extreme headache with a stiff neck, severe headache which gets worse if you cough or strain your neck muscles and if you are older than 50 years

What causes Migraines?

  • Hormonal changes such as estrogen fluctuations trigger headaches in a lot of women. Many women have a tendency to develop acute Migraines during menopause or pregnancy.
  • Foods such as processed food, salty food and aged cheese can also cause Migraine.
  • Alcohol consumptions is a major cause of extreme Migraines in people.
  • Stress at home or work can also cause Migraines.

Headaches such as migraines, cluster headaches, sinus headaches and tension headaches are really agonizing conditions that most of us has faced for at least once in their lives. Most of the time pounding headaches are treated with anti-nausea and pain relieving drugs. Headaches typically cause unwanted symptoms like nausea and vomiting and make us feel week throughout the day. When a headache occurs, the pain originates from the surrounding tissues around the brain or the skull, since anatomically speaking the skull or the brain itself do not have any nerves that may give rise to the sensation known as pain. Since pain are only felt in your metabolism when there are pain fibers in that particular part of our anatomy.

Headaches can develop when and only when nerves and the thin layer of tissue that surrounds the muscles which encases our skull, eyes, ears, sinuses becomes inflamed or irritated for a plethora of reasons. Headaches can be sharp, dull, throbbing, intermittent, constant, intense and mild, depending on the cause of the malady.

In the year 2013, the IHS (International Headache Society) released their latest classification system for this malady. It was though by the experts on this disease that as so many people suffer from this agonizing illness, and since the treatment of headaches becomes very difficult at times, it was hoped that this new classification system will help the health-care professionals to make a more accurate diagnosis of this disease and hence allow a more better and effective options for its treatment.

The three major categories that heads has been classified based upon the pain of source are:

  • Primary headaches
  • Secondary headaches and
  • Facial pain, cranial neuralgias and other kinds of more typical headaches

Primary headac hes includes tension, cluster and tension headaches. According to WHO (World Health Organization) 1 out of 20 percent people across the globe suffer with daily tension headaches in their lives. While cluster and migraine headaches affect most men and women during their puberty. Secondary headaches are those headaches which occurs because of underlying structural problems in the head and neck of the patients. This is a very bad kind of medical condition, which can be life threatening at times. Hangovers, traumatic and post-concussion headaches are also included in this type.

The third type of headaches which consists of cranial neuralgia happens because of the inflammation of any one or more of the 12 cranial nerves which originates from the brain. One typical example of these headaches is trigeminal neuralgia, which occurs because of the inflammation of the cranial nerve V and cause intense facial pain when it get inflamed or irritated.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Pain in the face or neck. Frequent, severe and throbbing pain on the head. Sensitivity to light and sounds. Dizziness and light-headedness. Blurred vision or distorted vision. Nasal congestion.

Popular Health Tips

Migraine - Role Of Homeopathy In Treating It!

Dr. Hiral Kumar Rakholiya 91% (1227 ratings)
Homeopath, Ahmedabad
Migraine - Role Of Homeopathy In Treating It!
Migraine is a type of headache which can occur in varied intensities; the pain resulting from a migraine is pulsating and throbbing. This sort of a headache is usually accompanied by extreme sensitivity to sounds and light as well as severe nausea. One feature that significantly differentiates between migraine and any other type of headache is that the headache resulting from migraines usually develops on any one side of the head. Causes of Migraine The exact cause behind migraine is yet to be fully understood. Migraines are thought to be a result of combination of genetic and environmental factors.In majority of cases, migraines tend to run in families . There are few well known trigger factors for migraine. These are stress, exertion, gastric disturbances, eating heavy food stuff, taking alcoholic drinks, coffee intake, hormone changes in females. Symptoms of Migraine The most characteristic symptom of migraine is one sided headache mostly of violent, throbbing and pulsating in nature. The accompanying symptoms include nausea, vomiting, blurring of vision, flashes of light before eyes, double vision, light/sound sensitivity, confusion and weakness. Homeopathy is not in the favour of using temporary treatments like popping a painkiller to alleviate the throbbing, pulsating and often intolerable pain caused from migraine. Homeopathy aims at going deep down into the root of the problem and entirely removes the tendency of any patient to be shot with migraine headaches every now and then. That is why homeopathic medications may take some time in showing results. They do not offer any temporary relief like most allopathic treatments do. On the other hand, homeopathic medicines offer a long term relief and can cure the migraine problem permanently. Though homeopathic treatments vary from person to person, there are a few homeopathic medicines, which are very effective in relieving migraine headaches. Belladona for throbbing migraine attack: Belladonna is one of the most effective homeopathic medicines for treating migraine headache that is throbbing and violent in the temporal region of the head. If pain gets triggered without any prior prodromal symptoms and worsens by noise, touching and light, then Belladona is potent in removing the pain. This medicine is also good if you are unable to lie down because of pain and if your face turns red and hot when you are struck with excruciating pain. Have a few drops of Belladona and apply a mild pressure to feel better. Glonoine for migraine with congestive headache: When you are struck with congestive headache, a rush of blood reaches the head region causing redness in face and head area with intolerable throbbing pain. You may even feel shocks around the head which get aggravated when exposed to heat or sunlight. It becomes impossible to tolerate any kind of warmth, and you may feel a bit relieved when you uncover the head. If you are affected with congestive headache, then consuming Glonoine can be of immense help. Natrum Mur for migraine from grief and stress: This medicine is widely used for alleviating migraine caused from stress and grief. Natrum Mur is also effective in alleviating anaemic headaches, which mostly affect young women. It often leads to temporary sightlessness, and the pain feels as if thousands of small hammers are being throbbed within the brain. The pain tends to rise up after through the day, and the patient may feel better after sunset. If the pain gets triggered when the eye is strained, then Natrum Mur is the medication for you. As you see, homeopathic treatments are great for reducing migraine attacks and your doctor will be able to guide you better on this matter. Homoeopathy treats each patient of Migraine by individualization and thus treats the root cause of migraine which could be Sun, stress, exertion etc.
3383 people found this helpful

How Homeopathy Can Help You In Treating Migraine?

Dr. Ashish Jain 87% (63 ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Bhopal
How Homeopathy Can Help You In Treating Migraine?
Migraines are characteristically throbbing, intrusive and sometimes, prolonged headache accompanied by sensitivity to sound and light and the feeling of nausea. They are fairly common and usually treatable with home remedies and allopathic drugs. The word migraine has been derived from another word hemicranias which means one sided headache. Headaches resulting from migraines tend to occur in episodes rather than being regular. Additionally, the intensity of a migraine will also vary with some attacks being very severe while other attacks will be a lot more moderate. The pain is often accompanied by nausea or vomiting. Homeopathy may play an efficient role in the treatment of migraines. Homeopathic medicines are prescribed based on the type, duration and intensity of the migraine attacks and are most often helpful in their treatment. Homeopathy aims to cure the headache from its very root without attracting side effects. Some of the common homeopathic medicines include: Belladonna: This is one of the most common homeopathic drugs prescribed for migraines. This medicine aims to cure the throbbing character of the migraine in the temporal region, which is further induced by light and sound. Spigelia: This is useful to treat headaches arising from the left hemisphere of the brain that is fairly common among individuals experiencing migraines. Additionally, there would be an occurrence of severe pain in the eyeballs which might be worsened by excess movement of the eyes. Glonoinum: This medicine works fairly well with congestive headaches which are accompanied by a constant feeling of blood rushing to the head. You might also feel shocks in your head. Sanguinaria Canadensis: This is prescribed in case of headaches that form from the back of the skull and settle prominently in the right hemisphere of the skull. The eyes also tend to throb; another symptom that is remedied by the use of this medicine. Natrum Muriaticum: this is usually prescribed to women who complain of their migraines worsening during their menses. The headaches can be accompanied by temporary loss of vision.
3255 people found this helpful

Menstrual Migraines - How Can They Be Treated?

Dr. Ruby Sehra 90% (74 ratings)
MD / MS - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Menstrual Migraines - How Can They Be Treated?
Menstrual Migraine can be termed as an extremely persistent headache that can happen just before, during or right after menstruation. Often, the feeling of nausea also keeps on lingering. The cause which triggers this type of migraine can be the fluctuating levels of oestrogen that a woman s body experiences when she is on her periods. What can be the possible treatment? Application of ice pack or simply rubbing ice on your forehead can help lessen the pain a bit. Relaxation exercises can be practiced to reduce the tension of the muscles. Acupuncture therapy can also be done to improve the headache and it can further aid in relaxation of the muscles. Over the counter painkillers such as ibuprofen or paracetamol can be taken for immediate relief. Your doctor can also administer TRIPTAN (specific drugs used to treat the symptoms of migraine which work on the chemical receptors within the brain) if the pain is unbearable. Do not experiment much with hormonal contraception methods after unsafe sexual intercourse. It just might worsen the pain. NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) can also be administered, only if they have been prescribed by the doctor, as the harmful effects of those drugs are aplenty. Magnesium deficiency in the body is one of the most important causes for menstrual migraines. Thus, eating foods rich in magnesium such as dark leafy greens, nuts, whole grains, avocados, bananas, etc. and taking magnesium supplements or vitamins are advisable. There are certain foods which can even trigger such attacks. They include foods packed with monosodium glutamate (MSG), aged cheese and caffeine. Such foods should be strictly avoided.
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Migraine - Top 5 Remedies At Your Rescue!

Dr. Udit Prajapati 91% (866 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Indore
Migraine - Top 5 Remedies At Your Rescue!
A migraine is something, which can really make a person s day go from bad to worse. However, while popping an aspirin may be the age old solution for solving such a literally mind numbing issue, it really does not mean that this is the best solution. Theoretically, the best solution to a migraine should come naturally to the person, who is unfortunately the victim of a migraine. It is more than a headache When a person has a migraine, he or she is likely to know that this is the case due to a pulsating sensation behind the eye. In addition to this, there are quite a few other symptoms which include pain on one side of the head, nausea and a sensitiveness to light in its various forms. Natural treatments for migraine There are a range of possible natural solutions a person can make use of to get rid of migraine hits. One of these solutions is quite simple, even if it sounds a little odd! Take a few cabbage leaves, crush them and using a soft cloth, apply the paste on the forehead of the person who is having a migraine attack. While a person who is down with migraine may feel that life has given him or her lemons, he or she should really not despair. This is because these lemons can be made use of, as well, in order to make the ill effects of the migraine go away. To do this, take five lemons, peel them, grind them well and then add a little bit of water to make a paste. Apply this paste to the patient s forehead. Apart from using remedies to cure migraine, there are a few other things which are needed to be done in order to get up and running as soon as possible. One of these things is to get enough rest. Taking into account the fact that a migraine has the potential to severely hinder the prospect of a person functioning normally, for a person to push himself or herself against the intense migraine discomfort so as to fulfil his or her responsibilities will not only result in substandard work, but will also make the situation worse. Hot and cold compress can also go some way in improving a person s migraine problem. All beverages apart from water and tea should be avoided. Water hydrates and is essential while tea is diuretic. If you follow these natural remedies, you will successfully be able to treat your migraine issue.
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When 'Headache' is not just a 'Headache'

Dr. Sudheer Ambekar 92% (89 ratings)
M.Ch - Neuro Surgery, MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Mumbai
When 'Headache' is not just a 'Headache'
Headaches are common and almost everyone has had one during the lifetime. In majority of the people, headache is not a bad omen and occurs due to common conditions such as stress, fatigue, lack of sleep, hormonal changes, hunger, medications and changes in weather. The three most common types of headaches are tension, migraine and sinus. Tension Headache: It is the most common type of headache wherein there is a feeling of a tight band around the head. the pain is mild to moderate and diffuse with a sensation of tightness around the forehead or on the sides and back. Unlike migraine, tension headache is not associated with visual disturbances, nausea or vomiting and is not aggravated by physical activity. Migraine: It is usually a severe throbbing or pulsating pain, usually on one side of the head and commonly associated with nausea, vomiting and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Warning symptoms (aura) such as flashes of light, blind spots, difficulty speaking, tingling on one side of the face, arm or leg can occur before the onset of headache. Prodromal symptoms may include constipation, mood changes, food cravings, neck stiffness, increased thirst and urination and frequent yawning. A migraine attack may last from a few hours to 3 days followed by the postdromal phase wherein confusion, moodiness, dizziness, weakness and sensitivity to light and sound may occur. Sinus headache: This headache is caused by infection of the sinuses (sinusitis). The sinuses are small air spaces in the skull, found behind the nose, eyes and cheeks. They open out into the nose, allowing mucus and other secretions to drain and air to circulate normally. A sinus headache is a constant, throbbing pain felt in the face (around the eyes, cheeks and forehead), usually only on one side. It tends to be at its worst in the morning and may get better as the day progresses. The pain may also get worse when you move your head, strain or bend down, and when you experience extreme changes in temperature (such as going from a warm room into freezing air outside). It can also spread to your teeth, upper jaw and other parts of your head. When should a person with headache be evaluated further? Age - >40 years or <15 years at onset of new headache First, worst or headache that is different from usual headache Progressive headache (over weeks) Persistent headache precipitated by cough, sneeze, bending or exertion Thunderclap headache (explosive onset) Additional features - Atypical or prolonged aura (>1 hour) Aura occurring for the first time in woman on combined oral contraceptive New onset headache in a patient with a history of cancer or HIV Red Eye or blurring of vision (Acute angle closure Glaucoma) Concurrent systemic illness Neurological signs Seizures Symptoms/signs of Giant Cell Arteritis (e.g. jaw claudication)
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Popular Questions & Answers

My Mom is 46 years old and facing with severe headache since long. I think she is suffering from migraine. To get relief quickly my doctor prescribed Dilona Inj. I want to know what are the other solutions to get relax from migraine and what is possible risk attached with this.

Dr. Nirali Parekh 90% (43 ratings)
Diploma in Naturopathy & Yogic Science (DNYS)
Homeopath, Mumbai
Migraine is the condition in which there is severe headache one sided or both, another symptom includes senstivity to noise and light, nausea vomitting. Dietary changes. Avoid dairy products to cut down the frequency. Take ginger tea. Take cold apple take sleep take salad like carrot, tomatoes to reduce the frequency.
1 person found this helpful

Hi, I am 31 year old female .I am having migraine from last 4 months. Dr. advice me betacap tr 40 once in a day .but did not found much relief. Still pain in back side of head and neck please help.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (8879 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Allopathic treatment will never cure... Better take Homoeopathic treatment.. It gives permanent results.. You can consult me through lybrate..

What are the symptoms of migraine? I have headache problem in 1side so I guess it may be migraine problem only.

Dr. Nirali Parekh 90% (43 ratings)
BHMS, , Diploma in Naturopathy & Yogic Science (DNYS)
Homeopath, Mumbai
Yes possibly migraine headache can b one sided or whole head with higher intensity accompanied by nausea vomitting and sometimes even Slightest noise and light aggravtes the headache.

My wife is suffering from migraine problem since many years. Can you help doctor.

Dr. Jatin Soni 94% (32968 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
Migrane is characterised by one sided headache which is pulsatile in nature and with a throbbing pain usually with an aura and Few tips- avoid any triggering factor, take folicacid regularly, eat a healthy diet, always be stress free , exercise regularly

Some time my husband is facing headache problem. What are the symptoms of migraine? Which medicine will have to take for normal headache and which for migraine?

Dr. Hitesh Kumar 90% (151 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Hemicranial headache with vomiting. Medhawati & Ashawgandha capsule twice a day with milk & change your sedentary lifestyle.

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Relief from Migraine
Symptoms, causes and home remedies for A migraine Good morning, mera naam hai Dr. Amol Bamane aur main Rasyog Ayurveda ka founder hun. Aaj main aapko Migraine ke barey mein information dene wala hoon. Migraine yani nothing but abnormal headache jise kehte hain hum. Jisse bahut hi zyada sardard rehta hain isko migraine kehte hain. Iske symptoms hain kisi bhi ek baju sardard ho jata hain chahe right ho ya left ho toh sardard bahut hi severe hota hai. Kahi baar dekha jata hai ke sooraj jaise jaise uthta hai waise waise dard bahut hi badh jata hai aur sooraj jaise jaise neeche aata toh waise waise woh kam ho jata hai. Doosra vomiting hai, nausea hai, diarrhoea hai cold hands and feet hai. Iske causes hai consumption of alcohol, drugs hai, smoking hai, allergic reaction hai aur blood sugar level agar aapka kam hota hai toh bhi aapko migraine ka issue ho sakta hai. Lack of sleep hai, agar koi sleep acche se uska nahi hota hai toh time to time toh bhi usko migraine ka issue rehta hai. Excessive work agar hai, stress hai toh bhi yeh issue dekhne mein milta hai. Toh yeh saare iske causes hain. Iske liye mein aaj aapko home remedies batane wala hoon toh pehle aap aadha glass carrot juice lijiye aur uss mein aadha glass of spinach juice lijiye. Woh dono mix kijiye, shake well kijiye aur din mein yeh aap do baar lijiye toh isse bahut hi accha laabhdayak hoga. Doosra home remedies iske liye yeh hai ki aap do cabbage lijiye, cabbage leaves lijiye usse acche se crush lijiye aur ek kapde mein usko rakh ke woh aap local apply kijiye toh usse bhi pains kam ho jayenge. Teesra ek home remedy iss ke liye hai ki aap remove peels from lemons, five lemons ka peels nikal lijiye, use achhe se crush kijiye, powder kijiye, aur thoda sa paani milake uska paste kijiye aur woh local apply aap kijiye toh usse bhi pain aapka bahut hi kam ho jayega. Toh iss vishay mein adhiktam jaankari aap pe jaa ke humein sampark kar sakte hain aur humein online consult bhi kar sakte hain.
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