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Migraine - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

A Migraine is described as a continuous throbbing headache which affects only one side of the head. It is usually accompanied by a disturbed vision, sensitivity to light & sound and nausea. It can cause extreme throbbing pain which can last from hours to days. The pain is usually extremely disabling. Warning signs of a Migraine include tingling sensation on your face, leg or arm, blind spots and flashes of light. Taking certain medications can make the Migraines less painful. It usually begins in early adulthood, adolescence or childhood.

Stages of Migraine:

  • Prodrome- Two or three days before you get a Migraine, you can get warned by subtle changes such as constipation, intense mood swings, food cravings, neck stiffness, frequent urination, increase in thirst and frequent yawning.
  • Aura- This usually occurs during or before a Migraine. They usually have signs such as zigzag vision, wavy or light vision and flashes of light. Sometimes, aura can also be characterized by speech disturbances. These symptoms can last for 20 to 60 minutes at a stretch.
  • Attack- In this stage the Migraine usually lasts from 4 to 72 hours if it isn’t treated. The frequency of the occurrence of the headache can vary from person to person. In this stage, you might experience pain on both or just one side of your head, pulsing pain, sensitivity to light, nausea, vomiting and fainting.
  • Post drome- This is known as the final stage of a Migraine. Many people feel washed out and drained. People can also experience confusion, moodiness, dizziness, weakness and sensitivity to light and sound.

When should you consult a doctor?

Usually Migraines are mild and can heal on its own within a few days, but sometimes it can be an underlying condition of a much serious disorder. It is vital to consult a general physician if you experience certain serious symptoms such as a severe headache, mental confusion, and extreme headache with a stiff neck, severe headache which gets worse if you cough or strain your neck muscles and if you are older than 50 years

What causes Migraines?

  • Hormonal changes such as estrogen fluctuations trigger headaches in a lot of women. Many women have a tendency to develop acute Migraines during menopause or pregnancy.
  • Foods such as processed food, salty food and aged cheese can also cause Migraine.
  • Alcohol consumptions is a major cause of extreme Migraines in people.
  • Stress at home or work can also cause Migraines.

Headaches such as migraines, cluster headaches, sinus headaches and tension headaches are really agonizing conditions that most of us has faced for at least once in their lives. Most of the time pounding headaches are treated with anti-nausea and pain relieving drugs. Headaches typically cause unwanted symptoms like nausea and vomiting and make us feel week throughout the day. When a headache occurs, the pain originates from the surrounding tissues around the brain or the skull, since anatomically speaking the skull or the brain itself do not have any nerves that may give rise to the sensation known as pain. Since pain are only felt in your metabolism when there are pain fibers in that particular part of our anatomy.

Headaches can develop when and only when nerves and the thin layer of tissue that surrounds the muscles which encases our skull, eyes, ears, sinuses becomes inflamed or irritated for a plethora of reasons. Headaches can be sharp, dull, throbbing, intermittent, constant, intense and mild, depending on the cause of the malady.

In the year 2013, the IHS (International Headache Society) released their latest classification system for this malady. It was though by the experts on this disease that as so many people suffer from this agonizing illness, and since the treatment of headaches becomes very difficult at times, it was hoped that this new classification system will help the health-care professionals to make a more accurate diagnosis of this disease and hence allow a more better and effective options for its treatment.

The three major categories that heads has been classified based upon the pain of source are:

  • Primary headaches
  • Secondary headaches and
  • Facial pain, cranial neuralgias and other kinds of more typical headaches

Primary headac hes includes tension, cluster and tension headaches. According to WHO (World Health Organization) 1 out of 20 percent people across the globe suffer with daily tension headaches in their lives. While cluster and migraine headaches affect most men and women during their puberty. Secondary headaches are those headaches which occurs because of underlying structural problems in the head and neck of the patients. This is a very bad kind of medical condition, which can be life threatening at times. Hangovers, traumatic and post-concussion headaches are also included in this type.

The third type of headaches which consists of cranial neuralgia happens because of the inflammation of any one or more of the 12 cranial nerves which originates from the brain. One typical example of these headaches is trigeminal neuralgia, which occurs because of the inflammation of the cranial nerve V and cause intense facial pain when it get inflamed or irritated.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Pain in the face or neck. Frequent, severe and throbbing pain on the head. Sensitivity to light and sounds. Dizziness and light-headedness. Blurred vision or distorted vision. Nasal congestion.

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5 Signs that You Are Having a Migraine

Dr. Hardik Thakker 95% (444 ratings)
MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
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5 Signs that You Are Having a Migraine
A migraine is considered to be one of the worst headaches of all. It causes excruciating pain along with a range of other symptoms. Notably, a migraine pain is very different in nature compared to general headache. A migraine pain is mostly felt on any one side of the brain. Since a migraine is difficult to diagnose, here is a list of 5 signs that will help you to understand, if your headache qualifies as a migraine: Vision splotches: It is very common among migraine patients to experience blind spots and a sudden flash of light. While this might appear to be a little unusual, it is pretty normal for migraine patients. The visual cortex of the brain is responsible for incidences like these. They often pace up and slow down to cause such unnatural feelings. For cases like this, the nerve gets activated by the optical lobe and crashes immediately resulting in such sensations. These visible auras are felt by both the eyes. A spinning sensation: A migraine patient often gets a swirling sensation. This requires them to immediately lie down. This is accompanied with nausea and throwing up. Certain migraine-induced changes caused in the brain causes hearing imbalance which is very similar to vertigo. These auras often serve as the onset of a migraine and can last for over one hour before the actual migraine cycle starts. If a person is suffering from these symptoms, it is a clear indication that he is suffering from a migraine. Light sensitivity: Migraine patients often becomes oversensitive to sound and light. This is perhaps the reason why most migraine sufferers like to spend more time in dark and solicitude. Studies have shown that sudden exposure to light activates the optic nerve fiber which in turn activates the pain receptors in the brain. A study conducted by the Nature Neuroscience journal conducted in the year 2010 showed that even blind person (with a migraine) suffers from a sudden glow of light. Touch sensitivity: Sensory auras often cause sharp pain from tiniest of touches. This is a condition known as the allodynia. This is a condition by which the spine and the brain get super excited by the inflamed blood vessels. This condition should be reported to a doctor since the most common medicine of a migraine does not work well if a patient is suffering from allodynia. Funny Face: Aura of the tongue, face and lips are known as cheiro-oral. There is a type of aura that makes even speaking and eating difficult. At time sufferers feel that they are suffering from serious diseases such as brain tumor. If this condition prevails, it makes sense to contact your doctor at the earliest and start medication.
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Migraine - How To Diagnose It Right?

Dr. Namit Gupta 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Gurgaon
Migraine - How To Diagnose It Right?
Headaches and migraines can vary drastically depending on their duration, specific symptoms and the person they are affecting. The more you know about your specific type of headache or migraine, the better prepared you will be to treat them and possibly even prevent them. The two types of migraine are- Migraine without aura: The majority of migraine sufferers have Migraine without Aura. Migraine with aura: Migraine with Aura refers to a range of neurological disturbances that occur before the headache begins, usually lasting about 20-60 minutes. Symptoms of migraine vary and also depend on the type of migraine. A migraine has four stages: prodrome, aura, headache and postdrome. But it is not necessary that all the migraine sufferers experience all the four stages. Prodrome: The signs of this begin to appear a day or two days before the headache starts. The signs include depression, constipation, food cravings, irritability, uncontrollable yawning, neck stiffness and hyperactivity. Migraine Aura: Auras are a range of symptoms of the central nervous system. These might occur much before or during the migraine, but most people get a migraine without an aura. Auras usually begin gradually and increase in intensity. They last for an hour or even longer and are Visual: Seeing bright spots, various shapes, experiencing vision loss, and flashes of light Sensory: Present in the form of touch sensations like feeling of pins and needles in the arms and legs Motor: Usually related with the movement problems like the limb weakness Verbal: It is related with the speech problems Headache: In case of a migraine attack one might experience: Pain on both sides or one side of the head Pain is throbbing in nature Vomiting and nausea Sensitivity to smells, sound and light Vision is blurred Fainting and lightheadedness Postdrome: This is the final phase of the migraine. During this phase one might feel fatigued, though some people feel euphoric. Red flags that the patient may be having underlying serious disorder not migraine Onset of headaches >50 years Thunderclap headache - subarachnoid haemorrhage Neurological symptoms or signs Meningism Immunosuppression or malignancy Red eye and haloes around lights - acute angle closure glaucoma Worsening symptoms Symptoms of temporal arteritis These patients require CT scan / MRI or CSF examination. Most Migraine patients do not need these tests. Diagnosis of Migraine: Usually migraines go undiagnosed and thus are untreated. In case you experience the symptoms regularly then talk to the doctor, who evaluates the symptoms and can start a treatment. You can also be referred to a neurologist who is trained to treat the migraines and other conditions. During the appointment the neurologist usually asks about the family history of headaches and migraines along with your symptoms and medical history. The doctor might advise for some tests like: Blood Tests: These reveal problems with the blood vessel like an infection in the spinal cord and brain. CT scan: Used to diagnose the infections, tumors, brain damage, and bleeding that cause the migraines. MRI: This helps to diagnose the tumors bleeding infections, neurological conditions, and strokes. Lumbar Puncture: For analyzing infections and neurological damages. In lumbar puncture a thin needle is inserted between the two vertebrae to remove a sample of the cerebrospinal fluid for analysis. Treatments Migraine treatments can help stop symptoms and prevent future attacks. Many medications have been designed to treat migraines. Some drugs often used to treat other conditions also may help relieve or prevent migraines. Medications used to combat migraines fall into two broad categories: Pain-relieving medications. Also known as acute or abortive treatment, these types of drugs are taken during migraine attacks and are designed to stop symptoms. Preventive medications. These types of drugs are taken regularly, often on a daily basis, to reduce the severity or frequency of migraines. Your treatment strategy depends on the frequency and severity of your headaches, the degree of disability your headaches cause, and your other medical conditions. Some medications aren't recommended if you're pregnant or breast-feeding. Some medications aren't given to children. Your doctor can help find the right medication for you.
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Eyestrain Headaches - Here Are The Symptoms!

Dr. Shalini Shetty 87% (38 ratings)
Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS - Ophthalmology
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Eyestrain Headaches - Here Are The Symptoms!
Eye Strain is an umbrella term that denotes a number of symptoms that relate to the extended use of eyes as well as discomfort that may come from excessive smartphone and computer use. This condition may or may not lead to significant eye damage and is usually characterised by blurry vision, headaches and a feeling of dryness in the eye as you blink less which creates less tears. This may happen due to the extended use of the eye when you are following objects on a screen or staring at a screen for too long. So, is eye strain the cause of your headaches? Find out more in this article. Causes: Eye Strain or Asthenopia is caused by concentrating on visually intense tasks like reading from texts that have a fine print, the use of computers and other screens for prolonged periods, and trying to focus on objects in the dark. This can lead to distress of the muscles in this area which can also cause eye strain leading to a variety of symptoms including double imagery and even headaches and mild migraine like conditions. Eye Muscle Imbalance: When there is eye strain which leads to headaches, it can also give rise to eye muscle imbalance which makes it difficult to concentrate with both eyes at the same time. In such cases, one may need bifocal glasses so as to fix the issue and prevent such debilitating headaches to remain on a persistent basis. Diagnosis: Digital eye fatigue and ocular eye strain leading to headaches can be diagnosed by a doctor with the help of regular eye examinations. In any case, one should have the eyes checked at least once a year. This is especially important if your job involves sitting in front of the computer screen for prolonged hours. Symptoms: There are a variety of symptoms of these headaches that are caused by eye strain. Apart from blurry vision which does not allow the patient to see properly and clearly without glasses, it can also cause headaches with symptoms like nausea and sensitivity to light. Retinal or eye migraines do not necessarily have to come with headaches, but the pressure can be painful enough. Treatment: To begin with, the best form of treatment for headaches born from eye strain includes prevention which can be done by getting plenty of rest and sleep even as we limit the hours spent in front of the screen. One can also lower the resolution of the screen and make it more ambient. Also, the screen should be placed at a considerable distance from the eyes. The doctor can also prescribe glasses and eye drops for better eye lubrication.

Tips to Find and Avoid Your Migraine Triggers

Dr. Sarfaraz Alam 89% (139 ratings)
DHMS (Diploma In Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery)
Homeopath, Dhanbad
With migraine, one of the best things you can do is learn your personal triggers that bring on the pain. Red wine, caffeine withdrawal, stress, and skipped meals are among the common culprits. The first step is to track your migraine symptoms in a diary. Note what you were doing before and when your headache came on. What were you eating? how much sleep did you get the night before? did anything stressful or important happen that day? these are key clues. Steps to avoid your triggers Watch what you eat and drink. If you get a headache, write down the foods and drinks you had before it started. If you see a pattern over time, stay away from that item. Eat regularly. Don't skip meals. Curb the caffeine. Too much, in any food or drink, can cause migraines. But cutting back suddenly may also cause them. So try to slowly ease off caffeine if it seems to be one of your headache triggers. Be careful with exercise. Everyone needs regular physical activity. It's a key part of being healthy. But it can trigger headaches for some people. If you're one of them, you can still work out. Ask your doctor what would help. Get regular shut-eye. If your sleep habits get thrown off, or if you're very tired, that can make a migraine more likely. Downsize your stress. There are many ways to do it. You could exercise, meditate, pray, spend time with people you love, and do things you enjoy. If you can change some of the things that make you tense, set up a plan for that. Counseling and stress management classes are great to try, too. You can also look into biofeedback, where you learn how to influence certain things (like your heart rate and breathing) to calm down stress. Keep up your energy. Eat on a regular schedule, and don't let yourself get dehydrated. What to look for in foods These things are migraine triggers for some people: Foods that have tyramine in them, such as aged cheeses (like blue cheese or parmesan), soy, smoked fish, and chianti wine Alcohol, especially red wine Caffeine, which is in coffee, chocolate, tea, colas, and other sodas Foods made with nitrates, such as pepperoni, hot dogs, and lunchmeats Bread and other baked goods Dried fruits Potato chips Pizza, peanuts, and chicken livers
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Popular Questions & Answers

I have migraine headache problem from last 5 year. What is the treatment on that.

Dr. Ramawtar Sharma 91% (528 ratings)
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hello lybrate user you can get complete cure of migraine by ayurveda and panchkarma therapy. sirodhara, nasya and basti these are main panchkarma therapies. take some ayurvedic medicines along with these therapies. do some yoga and exercises. don't skip any meal. take low fat and fiber rich diet.

I have a migraine problem since last 5 to 6 years. Can you Please suggest me something for that?

Dr. Col V C Goyal 94% (8917 ratings)
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Get BP and eye sight checked, x ray PNS, thyroid hormones T3 T4 Tsh 1.Sleep.Go to bed and get up about the same times every day, 3. Eat regular meals. 4. Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration 5. Relax – listen soothing music. Walk for 5 mts 6. avoid stress, 7. avoid strong stimuli like loud noises, and smell of food 8. Keep your routine fixed and regular medicine can not be advised for open question for medicine contact on private chat.

What are the symptoms of dengue and which medicine should we take to cure migraine.

Dr. Penchila Prasad Kandikattu 91% (34 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine
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Hello Dear dengue Fever present with high fever, severe back pain (break bone fever) ,head ache, vomiting and rash. If it is hemorrhagic may present severe abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, rapid breathing, bleeding gums, restlessness and blood in vomit, fatigue. If it is dengue shock syndrome: .Fever, or history of acute fever, lasting 2–7 days, occasionally occurs in 2 phases • Hemorrhagic tendencies, evidenced by at least one of the following • A positive tourniquet test • discoloration of skin or formation of purple spots due to internal bleeding • Bleeding from the intestinal membrane, gastrointestinal tract, injection sites, or other locations • Blood in feaces or vomit • Deficiency of platelets in blood (100000/mm3 or less). Migraine treated with NSAIDS, betablockers, tryptanes etc. Treatment may vary on severity and type of head ache. Take care.

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Symptoms, causes and home remedies for A migraine Good morning, mera naam hai Dr. Amol Bamane aur main Rasyog Ayurveda ka founder hun. Aaj main aapko Migraine ke barey mein information dene wala hoon. Migraine yani nothing but abnormal headache jise kehte hain hum. Jisse bahut hi zyada sardard rehta hain isko migraine kehte hain. Iske symptoms hain kisi bhi ek baju sardard ho jata hain chahe right ho ya left ho toh sardard bahut hi severe hota hai. Kahi baar dekha jata hai ke sooraj jaise jaise uthta hai waise waise dard bahut hi badh jata hai aur sooraj jaise jaise neeche aata toh waise waise woh kam ho jata hai. Doosra vomiting hai, nausea hai, diarrhoea hai cold hands and feet hai. Iske causes hai consumption of alcohol, drugs hai, smoking hai, allergic reaction hai aur blood sugar level agar aapka kam hota hai toh bhi aapko migraine ka issue ho sakta hai. Lack of sleep hai, agar koi sleep acche se uska nahi hota hai toh time to time toh bhi usko migraine ka issue rehta hai. Excessive work agar hai, stress hai toh bhi yeh issue dekhne mein milta hai. Toh yeh saare iske causes hain. Iske liye mein aaj aapko home remedies batane wala hoon toh pehle aap aadha glass carrot juice lijiye aur uss mein aadha glass of spinach juice lijiye. Woh dono mix kijiye, shake well kijiye aur din mein yeh aap do baar lijiye toh isse bahut hi accha laabhdayak hoga. Doosra home remedies iske liye yeh hai ki aap do cabbage lijiye, cabbage leaves lijiye usse acche se crush lijiye aur ek kapde mein usko rakh ke woh aap local apply kijiye toh usse bhi pains kam ho jayenge. Teesra ek home remedy iss ke liye hai ki aap remove peels from lemons, five lemons ka peels nikal lijiye, use achhe se crush kijiye, powder kijiye, aur thoda sa paani milake uska paste kijiye aur woh local apply aap kijiye toh usse bhi pain aapka bahut hi kam ho jayega. Toh iss vishay mein adhiktam jaankari aap pe jaa ke humein sampark kar sakte hain aur humein online consult bhi kar sakte hain.
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