When food is thrown out of the stomach involuntarily or voluntarily through the mouth, is called vomiting. It happens for a wide variety of reasons like – motion sickness/ seasickness, the first trimester of pregnancy, emotional stress, gall bladder disease, infections, heart attack, overeating, brain tumour, cancer, ulcers, bulimia, and ingestion of toxins or excess alcohol.
Vomiting is the body's way to protect the body from the external threat of bacteria, viruses, poisons, or some irritating substance. The purpose of the vomiting is to empty out the contents of the stomach that might hurt the body.
Signs of vomiting:
Symptoms of vomiting:
Abdominal pain, diarrhoea, fever, vertigo, excessive sweating, dry mouth, decreased urination, fainting, anxiety, depression, confusion, excessive sleeplessness, blood vomit are some of the common symptoms of vomiting.
Whenever you are about to throw up, the abdomen Muscles contract and increase the pressure and stomach, additional the pyloric sphincter is held closed which moves the content of the stomach upward.
And to protect the mouth from the acid content of the stomach, the salivary glands produce extra saliva which is alkaline and form a buffer against the acid and help protect the mouth and the teeth.
The causes of vomiting change according to age and condition where everyone has to face a different problem related to it. In children, it is common that they can have a feeling of vomiting due to fever, food poisoning, milk allergy, overeating, etc. Normally it appears shortly after meals and most of the time it happens either due to food poisoning, overeating, indigestion, gastritis, or ulcers.
The causes of vomiting can vary depending on the underlying condition.
Some of the most common causes of vomiting in adults are as follows:
Vomiting is a common condition that affects infants and babies. Some of the factors that lead to vomiting in infants and babies are:
Vomiting is something that occurs commonly during pregnancy. It is usually due to morning sickness that occurs due to fluctuation in hormone levels during pregnancy. Fluctuations in hormone levels are also known to have an adverse impact on digestion. Slowed digestion can cause:
All the above mentioned conditions can trigger vomiting during pregnancy.
Vomiting is a common occurrence during menstruation. Prostaglandin is one of the hormones that are released by the female body during the menstrual cycle. Sometimes this hormone gets into the bloodstream and may trigger nausea and vomiting.
The causes of uncontrollable vomiting are:
It is caused by the virus that is transmitted by touching your nose, mouth, and eyes after being in contact with the person who is carrying the virus. It usually lasts for 3 to 4 days and vomiting is the common symptom of gastroenteritis.
Vomiting is a typical symptom of food poisoning, it usually goes away in approximately 8 hours.
Sometimes being in a car or choppy water can cause motion sickness accompanied by vomiting.
Morning sickness and nausea are common during pregnancy.
In most cases, the condition of vomiting gets resolved spontaneously by home remedies and over-the-counter medicines and such cases do not need any consultation with a doctor. However, in some cases, the symptoms are not as easy to handle and are evident by more frequency as well as long-term stay. Such cases should be taken seriously and discussed with a doctor.
The condition of vomiting is diagnosed on some basis which includes family and medical history of the individual, physical examination, and pattern or cycle of symptoms in adults as well as children. In addition to these, some medical tests were performed in the lab such as blood and urine tests, imaging tests, and upper GI endoscopy are also the ways for the diagnosis.
The condition of nausea and vomiting in mild or moderate cases is usually overcome by the application of some home remedies and over-the-counter medicines. But in some cases, when the symptoms are severe, there may be a need for urgent medical attention and consultation.
Those signs and symptoms that evoke such need include vomiting occurring for a comparatively longer duration and followed by diarrhoea, high fever, abdominal pain, blood in the vomiting, and severe dehydration.
In most cases, the condition of vomiting gets resolved spontaneously by home remedies and over-the-counter medicines and such cases do not need any consultation with a doctor. The symptoms are mild or moderate in such cases i.e vomiting occurs for a few hours only and is not associated with any complications like dehydration, diarrhoea, fever, abdominal pain, etc. hence such cases can be self-treated at home and do not require any medical attention.
Some of the post-treatment guidelines which are preferred to be followed for the prevention and better management of vomiting are as follows:
Vomiting is not very serious but if the symptoms start getting worse then it becomes necessary to see the doctor. If vomiting is accompanied by blurred vision, severe pain in the abdomen, the feeling of dizziness, high fever then you are unable to keeping liquid in the body for 12 hours.
These are the things you can do if you feel like vomiting:
The condition of vomiting is usually preceded by nausea. Though various self-care methods are applicable including home remedies and over-the-counter medications, they are followed by some of the symptoms such as abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea, vertigo, lightheadedness, dry mouth, high pulse rate, and excessive sweating.
The time duration which is generally required to recover from vomiting depends upon the cause and severity of the symptoms. In most cases, the recovery period is up to three days when symptoms are mild or moderate, while it may extend up to days in severe conditions when serious symptoms such as dehydration occur and it evokes a medical emergency.
Vomiting, being the sign or symptom of any systemic or physiological disorder in the body, can be treated by several methods including home remedies as well as medications. But the results of the treatment are not permanent as the condition may reoccur due to triggering factors like food poisoning, nausea, overeating, alcohol intake, pregnancy, some medications, and certain procedures such as chemotherapy.
Vomiting can be described as the voluntary or involuntary discharge of stomach contents via the mouth in a forceful manner. Vomiting is often induced to get relief from nausea or to get rid of excess food (the latter is a symptom of an eating disorder). Many people induce vomiting when they ingest something deemed harmful or poisonous.
Doctors and medical experts usually warn against inducing vomiting. This is because vomiting is associated with certain risks. The risks are specifically high for people who try to induce vomiting to get rid of the ingested poisonous substance.
Inducing vomiting does not help in removing the poison from the stomach completely. In fact, trying to vomit certain poisons such as acids or chemicals can cause burns or injury to the oesophagus, throat or oral cavity.
According to studies, inducing vomiting is associated with reduced effectiveness of the treatment. In fact, throwing up after ingesting poison can significantly raise the risk of severe complications.
Inducing vomiting is also known to cause:
Therefore, you should try to avoid inducing vomiting. However, you can induce vomiting under the supervision of a physician. In such a case, carefully follow the instructions of the physician to safely induce vomiting.
Vomiting is the way through which the body purges out waste material. The brain and stomach give the body permission to throw contaminated food out of the body. Though vomiting at times is required by the body it needs to be stopped and here are the ways of doing it:
Some ways to stop vomiting are:
Medications such as:
Some of the foods that you can think of after a bout of vomiting are:
You should not eat anything when vomiting. Consumption of solid foods when vomiting can cause nausea and worsen vomiting. Wait for a few hours before eating any anything. Meanwhile, keep yourself hydrated by sipping on cool water. When hungry, consume bland foods and avoid foods that are spicy or rich in fats, proteins and fibre. Resume your normal meals gradually.
Try not to eat anything immediately after vomiting. Wait for a few hours. However, if you feel you hungry or if you have waited for a few hours after vomiting, then you can consume small amounts of bland foods such as banana, rice, oatmeal, plain yoghurt etc.
If possible, try to follow the BRAT (Banana, Rice, Applesauce, Toast) Diet. This diet is low on nutrients such as fats, proteins and fibre. Lower intake of these nutrients helps reduce the amount of stool produced. This allows the gut to rest and recover.
Vomiting too frequently can lead to dehydration. Therefore, the first thing to do after vomiting is to hydrate the body. This can be done by drinking water and other hydrating fluids such as lemonade, ginger ale and apple juice. However, do not consume milk or citric fruit juices. Also, avoid sugary beverages as they can cause dehydration.
It is important to remember that water and other hydrating fluids should not be consumed in large quantities immediately after throwing up as that can worsen the condition and lead to more vomiting. Start with sipping small amounts and then gradually increase the intake. If vomiting continues for over 24 hours, then you should consider taking an oral rehydration solution to reduce the risk of dehydration.
There are certain foods that you can consume when feeling nauseated. Intake of the following foods can help overcome nausea and avoid vomiting are : Consume small portions of dry foods, such as dry cereals, toast, and oatmeal.. You can also consume bananas, boiled potatoes, rice etc.
Eat foods that are cool. Avoid intake of hot and spicy foods as they may cause irritation in the stomach and worsen the condition. Avoid sugar and fried foods. Avoid foods that have a strong smell. An intense smell can lead to nausea.
Drinks to have after vomiting:
Dry foods such as toast, dry cereal, crackers are good to stop vomiting. These provide nutrients and also help settle the contents of your stomach. Also, it is advised to have cold food rather than hot or spicy such as fruit juice, non-fat yoghurt, sherbet, or non-caffeinated drinks.
Most of the cases of vomiting can be controlled by self-care methods including home remedies that involve preference of foods to be taken or avoided. Generally, normal diets are not to be taken in such conditions and it is replaced by bland foods. Difficult to digest food items such as alcohol, caffeine, milk, cheese, spicy foods, and fats or oils must be avoided.
Vomiting is not harmful to the body as it helps the body to take the harmful substances out of the body but if it becomes unstoppable then it can lead to dehydration in the body. Loss of too much water from the body can be a dangerous situation and needs a doctor. There can be some more examples of the seriousness of vomiting like intestinal blockage, brain tumor, meningitis.
Vomiting Is the typical sign of infection in adults, it is usually gastroenteritis. This infection is induced by a bacteria or virus that transmits from person to person. Gastroenteritis takes 3 to 4 days to go away.
However, vomiting is sometimes a sign of a severe medical condition such as appendicitis. Thus, if it is accompanied by chest pain, abdominal pain, cramps, fever it is advised to get a doctor's diagnosis.
These are several ways in which vomiting can be prevented:
Some of the measures that you can take to recover after a bout of vomiting are:
The common treatment for vomiting usually involves diet change i.e switching over to a bland diet in place of the normal diet. But there exist some alternative methods which may be preferred for the treatment. Those methods include medicinal therapy, herbal therapy, and relaxation along with dexamethasone, massage therapy, and ginger.
Summary: Vomiting is usually an involuntary action or reflex, followed by an expulsion of stomach contents through the oral passage. It may be the sign or symptom of any systemic or physiological disorder in the body. The condition is usually overcome by the application of home remedies and over-the-counter medicines. But in severe cases such as prolonged vomiting followed by diarrhoea, high fever, abdominal pain, blood in the vomiting, and dehydration, there is a need for urgent medical attention and consultation.