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Overview

Vomiting - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Vomiting?

When food is thrown out of the stomach involuntarily or voluntarily through the mouth it is called vomiting. Vomiting happens for a wide variety of reasons like – motion sickness/ sea sickness, first trimester of pregnancy, emotional stress, gall bladder disease, infections, heart attack, overeating, brain tumour, cancers, ulcers, bulimia, and ingestion of toxins or excess alcohol.

Vomiting can be different at different ages.

Children suffer from vomiting due to viral infections, milk allergy, overeating, feeding, coughing, blocked intestines or illness which has high fever. In infants vomiting is caused due to blocked intestines. Intestinal blockage may be caused due to tumours, hernia or gallstones.

In adults is very rare. Vomiting may be due to pregnancy, excessive alcohol consumption, ulcer, food poisoning, bulimia, or food poisoning. There may be some underlying causes is vomiting is followed by headache or fever.

Some diseases like Crohn’s syndrome or irritable bowel syndrome can also cause vomiting. Crohn’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease when the body attacks healthy gut tissues of the stomach. Irritable bowel syndrome is when parts of the gut start to overreact. Bulimia is a disorder that causes forced vomiting when a person is anxious about his body image.

More about :

Some diseases like Crohn’s syndrome or irritable bowel syndrome can also cause vomiting. Crohn’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease when the body attacks healthy gut tissues of the stomach. Irritable bowel syndrome is when parts of the gut start to overreact. Bulimia is a disorder that causes forced vomiting when a person is anxious about his body image.

Vomiting may be a symptom of serious health issues like brain tumour, migraine attacks, appendicitis, concussion in the head, meningitis.

Hyperemesis gravidarum is a condition suffered during pregnancy, when the mother has recurring vomiting. This is a grave condition when the mother loses lots of fluids and minerals. This may endanger the life of both mother and child.

Excessive vomiting can result in tearing up of the oesophagus. This condition is called Mallory-Weiss tear and the condition is called Boerhaave's syndrome. It is a medical emergency.

Self treatment of vomiting is possible by controlling some factors that cause it. Avoiding excessive alcohol consumption and medications that cause vomiting can give relief. Drinking large amounts of fluids and avoiding solid foods till vomiting subsides also helps. Plenty of rest is required for the person to recover.

A person who has vomiting can consult a doctor to overcome the condition. Medications like Phenergran, Benadryl and Tigan can overcome the condition.

RIsks :

The main risk in vomiting is dehydration. When children have vomiting, they cannot express dehydration symptoms, so checking the symptoms like sunken eyes, dry lips and mouth can enable parents to understand that the child is dehydrated. Oral electrolytes can overcome dehydration. In adults, drinking plenty of fluids and rest can overcome dehydration. In infants the parents should check for symptoms like dry diapers to understand that the baby is dehydrated and give proper fluids.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Non communicable
Symptoms
Nausea Fever Abdominal pain Lightheadedness

Popular Health Tips

Diarrhea In Children - How Can It Be Treated?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, BCH, DNB - Training, PDCC - Pediatric Hepatology & Gastroenterology
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
Diarrhea In Children - How Can It Be Treated?

Diarrhea occurs when the body is expelling germs out of it. An episode of diarrhea can last anywhere from a couple of days to a week. Dehydration, cramps, vomiting, nausea and fever often accompany diarrhea. Usually, children tend to get diarrhoea more than adults.

Diarrhea treatment according to causes behind it

  1. Treating diarrhea due to infectionSome common causes of diarrhea include infection from rotavirus, salmonella (a type of bacteria) and rarely giardia (a type of parasite). In children, virus is a common cause of diarrhea. Besides watery or loose stools, viral gastroenteritis infection symptoms include fever, headache, stomach ache and vomiting. Gastroenteritis diarrhoea can last for 5-14 days. During this time, fluid loss must be prevented. In younger children, oral rehydration solution (ORS) or breast milk is enough. Just feeding them water won’t replenish the potassium, sodium and other nutrients they lose. Older children, to prevent fluid loss, can be given ORS and popsicles to counter dehydration and vomiting.
  2. Treating diarrhea due to medications: Antibiotics or laxatives can cause diarrhea in children. If the diarrhea is mild, make sure your child is hydrated. If the antibiotics are causing diarrhoea, you need to continue medication, but do consult your doctor immediately.
  3. Treating diarrhea due to food poisoningWhen it comes to food poisoning induced diarrhea, the same method as countering infection-induced diarrhea should be followed. Keep your child hydrated and call your doctor.

Diarrhea and children - recognising dehydration

The most serious complication of diarrhea is dehydration, especially if the diarrhea is severe. Severe dehydration is critical as it can cause brain damage, seizure, even death. Your child may need immediate medical attention, if you notice the following symptoms:

  1. Light-headedness and dizziness
  2. Sticky, dark mouth
  3. Dark yellow urine
  4. No or few tears when crying
  5. Dry, cool skin
  6. Loss of energy

When should you visit a doctor

Diarrhea resolves within a few days, but it can have serious complications. Call your doctor if you notice signs such as:
1. Looks very sick
2. Diarrhea has persisted for more than 3 days
3. Your child is less than 6 months old
4. Your child is vomiting bloody yellow or green fluid
5. Seems dehydrated
6. The fever reads above 105 degree Fahrenheit
7. Bloody stools
8. Rashes
9. Stomach pain persists for more than 2 hours
10. Infrequent urination

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3571 people found this helpful

Causes, Symptoms and Treatment for Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome in Children

Fellowship In Neonatology, MRCPCH(UK), Diploma In Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician, Delhi
Causes, Symptoms and Treatment for Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome in Children

Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is characterized by periodic bouts of nausea and vomiting that happens at cyclical intervals. It affects all ages, but is more common in children. The condition is quite stereotypical in that there are paroxysms or bouts of vomiting that is recurrent and follows days of normal health.

Causes:

There is no definite reason identified, but it is said to have a strong hereditary correlation. Studies have shown mitochondrial heteroplasmies (abnormal growth of mitochondria, which is a cellular component) to be one of the factors that can lead to CVS. The genetic correlation, however, is very difficult to establish, specifically because vomiting and nausea are common symptoms that occur with most conditions in children. And CVS is most commonly noted with conditions like infections and emotional excitement. Infection could be either tooth decay or sinusitis or anything else. Lack of sleep, anxiety, holidays, allergies, overeating, certain foods, menstruation – a host of factors have been shown to induce CVS. There is also a strong association with migraine and conditions that lead to excessive production of stress hormones.

Symptoms:

The syndrome (a group of symptoms) usually has 4 phases:

  1. Symptom-free interval phase: The child is completely normal in this phase, which happens in between bouts.

  2. Prodromal phase: Prodrome is an indication that a disease or a condition is about to happen. In CVS, this is usually nausea and abdominal pain that can last from a few minutes to a few hours. Treatment in this phase can curb the disease. However, there could be some children in whom this may not manifest and the child may directly start with vomiting.

  3. Vomiting phase: Repeated bouts of paroxysmal vomiting happen associated with nausea, exertion, fatigue, and drowsiness.

  4. Recovery phase: As the nausea and vomiting begin to subside, which may take a couple of days, the child returns back to normal slowly. However, the lethargy and energy levels will take a couple of days to return to normal.

Treatment:

Treatment again depends on the severity and the phase at which it is being recognized. If a child has repetitive bouts, then the parent and the doctor would have identified a pattern to it.

  1. If the causative agent has been identified, for instance, infection or migraines, then managing that takes care of the CVS also.

  2. If identified during the prodromal phase, again it can be managed with suitable anti-emetic medications.

  3. If identified after full onset, rest and sleep and medications to control nausea and vomiting are required.

Adequate hydration with electrolyte replenishment and sedatives can provide additional support. However, in most cases of childhood CSV, the pattern will be identified and that helps in better management, both the child/parent and the podiatrist.

Common Pregnancy Problems - How Ayurveda Can Help You?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Ghaziabad
Common Pregnancy Problems - How Ayurveda Can Help You?

Pregnancy is a life altering experience for all expecting mothers. During the gestation period, each and every cell of a woman’s body undergoes a full transformation. There needs to be perfect harmony between the various aspects of the woman and her baby’s health for the pregnancy to progress smoothly. Any imbalance, however, can lead to a range of problems that will require special care. 

Ayurveda is one of the most effective kinds of therapies that help deal with problems of pregnancy. During this period, using Ayurveda to support your health could be most helpful for the development of your baby. Ayurveda will help you effectively deal with all kinds of pregnancy complications such as high blood pressure, fluid retention, spotting, etc. 

Following are some of the ways in which you can use Ayurveda to deal with all the various problems of pregnancy:

  1. Ayurvedic herbal massages: Opting for a daily Ayurvedic massage with herbal oils can induce well-being in both mother and child. These have a very positive impact on the sensory nervous system and you feel calmn during the period of gestation. 
  2. Dealing with morning sickness: Morning sickness is a common pregnancy problem and in Ayurveda, it is known as Garbhini Charddi. There are many Ayurvedic remedies for morning sickness which include matala rasayana (10 grams of it is to be mixed with honey and consumed twice a day), eladi vati (an Ayurvedic medication that helps relieve cough, vomiting and cold), eladi choorna (with elaichi as one of its important ingredients, this Ayurvedic concoction is used to treat indigestion, vomiting and excessive thirst), etc.
  3. Balancing the vata: According to Ayurvedic principles, the growth of the foetus is aided by the energies known as apana vata and prana vata which fulfil the needs of the pregnancy. It is important to maintain a good balance between these vata for dealing with all the problems that come with pregnancy. The simplest way to do this is to adhere to a healthy and wholesome Ayurvedic diet and avoid all foods that cause harm to the system.

These are just a few examples of dealing with pregnancy related problems with the help of Ayurveda. The most important aspect of Ayurveda is that is treats all the problems at the very root and provides a holistic remedy. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5350 people found this helpful

Ways To Treat Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome in Children!

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Ways To Treat Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome in Children!

Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is characterized by periodic bouts of nausea and vomiting that happens at cyclical intervals. It affects all ages, but is more common in children. The condition is quite stereotypical in that there are paroxysms or bouts of vomiting that is recurrent and follows days of normal health.

Causes: There is no definite reason identified, but it is said to have a strong hereditary correlation. Studies have shown mitochondrial heteroplasmic (abnormal growth of mitochondria, which is a cellular component) to be one of the factors that can lead to CVS. The genetic correlation, however, is very difficult to establish, specifically because vomiting and nausea are common symptoms that occur with most conditions in children. And CVS is most commonly noted with conditions like infections and emotional excitement. Infection could be either tooth decay or sinusitis or anything else. Lack of sleep, anxiety, holidays, allergies, overeating, certain foods, menstruation - a host of factors have been shown to induce CVS. There is also a strong association with migraine and conditions that lead to excessive production of stress hormones.

Symptoms: The syndrome (a group of symptoms) usually has 4 phases:

  1. Symptom-free interval phase: The child is completely normal in this phase, which happens in between bouts.
  2. Prodromal phase: Prodrome is an indication that a disease or a condition is about to happen. In CVS, this is usually nausea and abdominal pain that can last from a few minutes to a few hours. Treatment in this phase can curb the disease. However, there could be some children in whom this may not manifest and the child may directly start with vomiting.
  3. Vomiting phase: Repeated bouts of paroxysmal vomiting happen associated with nausea, exertion, fatigue, and drowsiness.
  4. Recovery phase: As the nausea and vomiting begin to subside, which may take a couple of days, the child returns back to normal slowly. However, the lethargy and energy levels will take a couple of days to return to normal.

Treatment: Treatment again depends on the severity and the phase at which it is being recognized. If a child has repetitive bouts, then the parent and the doctor would have identified a pattern to it.

  1. If the causative agent has been identified, for instance, infection or migraine, then managing that takes care of the CVS also.
  2. If identified during the prodromal phase, again it can be managed with suitable anti-emetic medications.
  3. If identified after full onset, rest and sleep and medications to control nausea and vomiting are required. Adequate hydration with electrolyte replenishment and sedatives can provide additional support.

However, in most cases of childhood CSV, the pattern will be identified and that helps in better management, both the child/parent and the podiatrist.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2512 people found this helpful

Caring for a Premature Baby - What Parents Need to Know?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, BCH, DNB - Training, PDCC - Pediatric Hepatology & Gastroenterology
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
Caring for a Premature Baby - What Parents Need to Know?

Babies are fragile and need special care. In case of babies that are born prematurely, the amount of attention needed increases many fold and parents need to be extra careful and attentive. A baby born before 37 weeks of pregnancy is said to be a premature baby. The earlier the baby is born, the higher the risk of complications.

Most premature babies spend the first few days after birth in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). This is because they may have trouble breathing and may need help maintaining body heat. Though you may feel helpless watching your baby, it is important to spend time with your baby while he or she is in the NICU. Talk to the baby and touch him or her. As soon as your doctor allows, carry your baby while allowing him or her to have maximum skin to skin contact.

It is important to breastfeed a premature baby. Breast milk is the richest source of nutrition for your baby and is easy to digest. It is also rich in antibodies that help boost a bay’s immunity and protect them against a number of infections. If you cannot feed your baby directly, pump your breast milk and store it in sterilised bottles to be given to the baby. Premature babies can get critically ill very fast. To prevent this from happening, it is important to build a good rapport with your baby’s doctors and keep a close eye on your baby. Maintaining a journal can help you recognise changes in your baby’s development. Watch out for subtle signs that your baby could be falling ill. Some of these signs are:

  1. A distended abdomen
  2. Dry the diapers frequently
  3. Frequent vomiting
  4. Blood in the stool
  5. Temperature instability
  6. Lethargy and unresponsiveness
  7. Change in breathing

In some cases, the mother may be discharged before the baby. This may seem very difficult, but does not need to limit your time with your baby. Caring for a premature baby is tough and hence use the time away to rest and recuperate. Remember that your baby is in safe hands and do not let yourself get too stressed.

Your baby will be ready to come home once he or she can breathe on their own and is able to maintain a steady body temperature. Your doctor may also wait until the baby can be breastfed and begins gaining weight before discharging him or her. Once the baby is home, do not attempt to be the sole caregiver but involve your family in building a team of caregivers. This will keep you from getting burnt out and will ensure that your baby is constantly monitored.

Popular Questions & Answers

While traveling in bus I feel very sick. There will be tendency of vomiting too. What can I do?

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Chandigarh
Take homeopathy Cocculus 1m 4 drops in a spoon of water to be taken empty stomach ,report after 20 days.

I am suffering from dry cough from the past week, and whenever I try to sleep I wake up coughing or vomiting!

MBBS, MD TUBERCULOSIS AND CHEST DISEASES, Diploma in Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases, Diploma in Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Pulmonologist, Kolkata
Spirometry is needed. Ics+laba is needed twice daily continuously and uninterruptedly to be inhaled.

For not having food and water properly and vomiting whatever I had for the last 3 days (Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday), from Thursday onwards I feel nauseous even on empty stomach every morning and drinking water triggers it. I vomit water like cough and having diarrhea as well since Monday too. Took a Pan D yesterday and helped a bit. Vomited a part of my dinner last night. What is happening to me? What do I do?

MBBS, MD, DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Indore
There are many causes for vomiting, such as - food poisoning, liver problems, drinking too much alcohol travelling abroad (often due to changes in water and food) an abnormally high blood sugar level or low blood sugar level a blockage in your bowel, gallstones, kidney infection a kidney stone that has blocked the tube from the kidney to the bladder through which urine passes certain medicines, such as antibiotics. So, the cause for vomiting needs to be known at first to start with any treatment. Till then take Arsenicum alb 200, 4 pills thrice a day for 3 days and Ipecac 30, 4 pills twice a day and report thereafter for further treatment. Take light diet like khichdi or dalia, take ORS 3-4 times a day. And revert back for further treatment.
1 person found this helpful

I am pregnant. I have severe tiredness and vomiting. Is it good for health to take medicines for vomiting? My doctor have given me tablets. Is it good for baby's health.

MBBS, DGO -PREVENTIVE & SOCIAL MEDICINE
Gynaecologist, Sri Ganganagar
There are medicines are very safe if you use during pregnancy. I am sure you have been prescribed same. So do not worry, go ahead and have faith in your doctor.
1 person found this helpful