When food is thrown out of the stomach involuntarily or voluntarily through the mouth, is called vomiting. It happens for a wide variety of reasons like – motion sickness/ seasickness, the first trimester of pregnancy, emotional stress, gall bladder disease, infections, heart attack, overeating, brain tumour, cancers, ulcers, bulimia, and ingestion of toxins or excess alcohol.
Signs of vomiting:
Symptoms of vomiting:
Abdominal pain, diarrhoea, fever, vertigo, excessive sweating, dry mouth, decreased urination, fainting, anxiety, depression, confusion, excessive sleeplessness, blood vomit are some of the common symptoms of vomiting.
The causes of vomiting changes according to the age and condition where everyone has to face a different problem related to it. In children, it is common that they can have a feeling of vomiting due to fever, food poisoning, milk allergy, overeating etc. Normally it appears shortly after meals and most of the time it happens either due to food poisoning, overeating, indigestion, gastritis or ulcers.
The causes of vomiting can vary depending on the underlying condition.
Some of the most common causes of vomiting in adults are as follows:
Vomiting is a common condition that affects infants and babies. Some of the factors that lead to vomiting in infants and babies are:
Vomiting is something that occurs commonly during pregnancy. It is usually due to morning sickness that occurs due to fluctuation in hormone levels during pregnancy. Fluctuations in hormone levels are also known to have an adverse impact on digestion. Slowed digestion can cause:
All the above mentioned conditions can trigger vomiting during pregnancy.
Vomiting is a common occurrence during menstruation. Prostaglandin is one of the hormones that are released by the female body during the menstrual cycle. Sometimes this hormone gets into the bloodstream and may trigger nausea and vomiting.
Some of the measures that you can take to recover after a bout of vomiting are:
These are the things you can do if you feel like vomiting:
Vomiting is not very serious but if the symptoms start getting worse then it becomes necessary to see the doctor. If vomiting is accompanied by blurred vision, severe pain in the abdomen, the feeling of dizziness, high fever then you are unable to keeping liquid in the body for 12 hours.
Vomiting can be described as the voluntary or involuntary discharge of stomach contents via the mouth in a forceful manner. Vomiting is often induced to get relief from nausea or to get rid of excess food (the latter is a symptom of an eating disorder). Many people induce vomiting when they ingest something deemed harmful or poisonous.
Doctors and medical experts usually warn against inducing vomiting. This is because vomiting is associated with certain risks. The risks are specifically high for people who try to induce vomiting to get rid of the ingested poisonous substance.
Inducing vomiting does not help in removing the poison from the stomach completely. In fact, trying to vomit certain poisons such as acids or chemicals can cause burns or injury to the oesophagus, throat or oral cavity.
According to studies, inducing vomiting is associated with reduced effectiveness of the treatment. In fact, throwing up after ingesting poison can significantly raise the risk of severe complications.
Inducing vomiting is also known to cause:
Therefore, you should try to avoid inducing vomiting. However, you can induce vomiting under the supervision of a physician. In such a case, carefully follow the instructions of the physician to safely induce vomiting.
Vomiting is the way through which the body purges out waste material. The brain and stomach give body permission to throw out contaminated food out of the body. Though vomiting at times is required by the body it needs to be stopped and here are the ways of doing it:
Some of the foods that you can think of after a bout of vomiting are:
You should not eat anything when vomiting. Consumption of solid foods when vomiting can cause nausea and worsen vomiting. Wait for a few hours before eating any anything. Meanwhile, keep yourself hydrated by sipping on cool water. When hungry, consume bland foods and avoid foods that are spicy or rich in fats, proteins and fibre. Resume your normal meals gradually.
Try not to eat anything immediately after vomiting. Wait for a few hours. However, if you feel you hungry or if you have waited for a few hours after vomiting, then you can consume small amounts of bland foods such as banana, rice, oatmeal, plain yoghurt etc.
If possible, try to follow the BRAT (Banana, Rice, Applesauce, Toast) Diet. This diet is low on nutrients such as fats, proteins and fibre. Lower intake of these nutrients helps reduce the amount of stool produced. This allows the gut to rest and recover.
Vomiting too frequently can lead to dehydration. Therefore, the first thing to do after vomiting is to hydrate the body. This can be done by drinking water and other hydrating fluids such as lemonade, ginger ale and apple juice. However, do not consume milk or citric fruit juices. Also, avoid sugary beverages as they can cause dehydration.
It is important to remember that water and other hydrating fluids should not be consumed in large quantities immediately after throwing up as that can worsen the condition and lead to more vomiting. Start with sipping small amounts and then gradually increase the intake. If vomiting continues for over 24 hours, then you should consider taking an oral rehydration solution to reduce the risk of dehydration.
There are certain foods that you can consume when feeling nauseated. Intake of the following foods can help overcome nausea and avoid vomiting are : Consume small portions of dry foods, such as dry cereals, toast, and oatmeal.. You can also consume bananas, boiled potatoes, rice etc.
Eat foods that are cool. Avoid intake of hot and spicy foods as they may cause irritation in the stomach and worsen the condition. Avoid sugar and fried foods. Avoid foods that have a strong smell. An intense smell can lead to nausea.
Vomiting is not harmful to the body as it helps the body to take the harmful substances out of the body but if it becomes unstoppable then it can lead to dehydration in the body. Loss of too much water from the body can be a dangerous situation and needs a doctor. There can be some more example of the seriousness of vomiting like intestinal blockage, brain tumour, meningitis.
These are several ways in which vomiting can be prevented:
Vomiting, being a temporary issue/problem, it is caused due to many reasons. Few remedies are very much helpful in treating vomiting, that includes:
Read More About: Natural home remedies for vomiting treatment at home.