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Vomiting - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

When food is thrown out of the stomach involuntarily or voluntarily through the mouth it is called vomiting. Vomiting happens for a wide variety of reasons like – motion sickness/ sea sickness, first trimester of pregnancy, emotional stress, gall bladder disease, infections, heart attack, overeating, brain tumour, cancers, ulcers, bulimia, and ingestion of toxins or excess alcohol.

Vomiting can be different at different ages. Children suffer from vomiting due to viral infections, milk allergy, overeating, feeding, coughing, blocked intestines or illness which has high fever. In infants vomiting is caused due to blocked intestines. Intestinal blockage may be caused due to tumours, hernia or gallstones.

In adults is very rare. Vomiting may be due to pregnancy, excessive alcohol consumption, ulcer, food poisoning, bulimia, or food poisoning. There may be some underlying causes is vomiting is followed by headache or fever.

Some diseases like Crohn’s syndrome or irritable bowel syndrome can also cause vomiting. Crohn’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease when the body attacks healthy gut tissues of the stomach. Irritable bowel syndrome is when parts of the gut start to overreact. Bulimia is a disorder that causes forced vomiting when a person is anxious about his body image.

Vomiting may be a symptom of serious health issues like brain tumour, migraine attacks, appendicitis, concussion in the head, meningitis.

Hyperemesis gravidarum is a condition suffered during pregnancy, when the mother has recurring vomiting. This is a grave condition when the mother loses lots of fluids and minerals. This may endanger the life of both mother and child.

Excessive vomiting can result in tearing up of the oesophagus. This condition is called Mallory-Weiss tear and the condition is called Boerhaave's syndrome. It is a medical emergency.

Self treatment of vomiting is possible by controlling some factors that cause it. Avoiding excessive alcohol consumption and medications that cause vomiting can give relief. Drinking large amounts of fluids and avoiding solid foods till vomiting subsides also helps. Plenty of rest is required for the person to recover.

A person who has vomiting can consult a doctor to overcome the condition. Medications like Phenergran, Benadryl and Tigan can overcome the condition.

The main risk in vomiting is dehydration. When children have vomiting, they cannot express dehydration symptoms, so checking the symptoms like sunken eyes, dry lips and mouth can enable parents to understand that the child is dehydrated. Oral electrolytes can overcome dehydration. In adults, drinking plenty of fluids and rest can overcome dehydration. In infants the parents should check for symptoms like dry diapers to understand that the baby is dehydrated and give proper fluids.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Non communicable
Nausea Fever Abdominal pain Lightheadedness

Popular Health Tips

Ayurveda And The Treatment of Gastritis!

Dr. Aruna Khurana 91% (72 ratings)
BAMS, Msc-Psychoneurobics, Diploma in Counseling and Spiritual Health
Ayurveda, Faridabad
Ayurveda And The Treatment of Gastritis!
Ayurveda is an ancient Indian life science that requires you to make various lifestyle changes along with the use of medication that is based on herbs and condiments with massages and Yogic postures. This field of medicine believes in getting to the root of the problem so as to cure it and prevent it in the future as well. Gastritis is no different and enjoys the same kind of attention when it comes to Ayurveda. Here is everything you need to know about the Ayurvedic perspective of gastritis. Definition: As per Ayurveda, gastritis is known as Urdhva Amlapitta, which can lead to the occurrence of stomach ulcers when the inflammation of the stomach lining goes untreated for a prolonged period of time. This inflammation is the basic outcome of the condition. Causes: Problems in the Vata Dosha, one of the four Doshas in the body, can cause this condition. Also, a build up of Ama or toxins due to poor digestive health, can lead to the occurrence of this disease. As per Ayurveda, there are many reasons that may cause this toxin build up and the imbalance in the Vata Dosha. This includes eating spicy food on a regular or frequent basis and taking too many drugs like pain killers and analgesics which can lead to this condition. Also, too much of alcohol consumption and greasy food can cause gastritis. Further, one of the main causes of gastritis as per Ayurveda, is the presence of too much stress and worry, and the lack of a proper routine when it comes to eating, sleeping and exercising. Symptoms: The main symptoms include appetite loss and nausea, as well as discomfort and pain in the abdomen. Gastrointestinal bleeding and blood discharge may also occur for patients suffering from this condition. Headaches and vomiting are also common symptoms of this condition. Medication: There are various Ayurvedic medicines that can help in treating this condition. Sukumara Ghrita are ghee based preparations that can be taken every morning with a glass of warm milk in order to activate the digestive fires and improve the digestive powers. The difference can usually be seen in a matter of days. Dhatri Lauha includes amla juice which should be taken twice a day. Lemon juice, ajwain, amla and ginger are also helpful in such situations. Lifestyle Changes: Avoiding spicy and greasy food as well as stopping alcohol abuse and smoking can help in curing this condition. One should also stay away from excessively stressful mental and physical tasks. Taking the right steps at the right time for a proper routine with good habits can help in treating this condition as per Ayurveda.
3160 people found this helpful

Severe Vomiting During Pregnancy!

Dr. Manisha Ranjan 85% (10 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Noida
Severe Vomiting During Pregnancy!
While pregnancy is not a pathological condition, it is a happy time that can be marred by various conditions. Debilitating morning or all day sickness, which is usually characterised by nausea, reflux in the gastro esophageal band, heartburn and acidity. This can also turn into vomiting and lead to complications if it does not stop. Persistent, almost daily vomiting can be termed as excessive vomiting in pregnancy, and this is known as Hyperemesis Gravidarum in medical terms. Let us find out more about this condition: Routine: Hyperemesis Gravidarum usually strikes as a matter of routine at a set time everyday where the patient will either be in unappetising company of acute and painful acidity and nausea, or will also be vomiting. Severity: The severity of the condition usually decreases as the patient's pregnancy progresses. Usually, this condition strikes around the fourth or fifth week of pregnancy, before becoming better towards the middle of the second trimester. There are cases, though, where it continues to be just as severe till the very end of the pregnancy. When to take Action: The patient may have to be hospitalised in case too much vomiting takes place, so as to prevent excess loss of water and salt from the body, and resultant weakness which may affect the growth of the foetus. Also, it is best to call the doctor when you have experienced fainting and dizzy spells. Causes: Hyperemesis Gravidarum or excessive vomiting during pregnancy cannot be attributed to any specific or single cause. Usually, it is known to be a genetic condition passed down by mothers to their daughters. But in most cases, doctors believe that the condition is due to hormonal changes where an increase in the HCG hormone, or Human Chronic Gonadotropin hormone level during pregnancy may lead to a variety of symptoms such as morning sickness or excessive vomiting. This hormone is known to be at its peak during pregnancy. Risk Factors: It has mostly been seen that women who are carrying twins are at risk of suffering from this condition. Also, women who have suffered from chronic motion sickness in the past report excessive vomiting during pregnancy. Treatment: The best way to treat this issue is to prevent too much of nausea and vomiting with the help of a bland diet that does not have heavy to digest ingredients. Also, it is best to take small and frequent meals. Working your way around excessive vomiting during pregnancy is a matter of ensuring that you take rest, fluids and other precautions. Speak with us in a private consultation to know more.
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Diarrhea in Adults!!

Dr. Ashok Grover 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), MD - General Medicine
General Physician, Delhi
Diarrhea in Adults!!
Diarrhea is one of the world s most common ailments and almost everyone suffers from it now and then. It is a condition in which the bowel movements become loose and watery. In many cases, diarrhea lasts a couple of days. But when it lasts for a week, then it can mean a serious disorder. You have to seek medical attention immediately in such scenarios. Symptoms: The symptoms of diarrhea can include loose, watery stools, abdominal cramps and pain, blood in the stool and bloating symptoms. If the condition persists for more than two days and if you are unable to find any relief, consult your doctor. You might also tend to get dehydrated when you are suffering from the condition. Hence, you might feel weak and tired. Occasionally, your stool samples may be loaded with blood. Causes: There are many harmful pathogens that can cause diarrhea- including viruses and bacteria. One of the most important reasons is contaminated water and the buildup of parasites in your body. There are also certain foods that might not suit your body type and as a result, you might experience diarrhea. Do know your food symptoms and follow a proper diet accordingly. One of the major complications of diarrhea is dehydration and if left untreated, it can become life threatening. This is especially worse in small children. Hence seek medical attention if your child is suffering from it. Do look out for signs like no tears when your child cries and withdrawn face in your child. Other causes include: Alcohol abuse Allergies to certain foods Diabetes Diseases of the intestines (such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis) Eating foods that upset the digestive system Infection by bacteria (the cause of most types of food poisoning) or other organisms Laxative abuse Medications Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) Radiation therapy Running (Some people get runner s diarrhea for reasons that aren t clear) Some cancers Surgery on your digestive system Diagnosis: Diagnosis is usually rare for diarrhea unless you want to find the reason. Usually, this is done by testing your stool and in some cases even your blood. When to see a doctor People who have warning signs of blood or pus in the stool, fever, or signs of dehydration should see a doctor right away, as should those with significant abdominal pain. Such people may need immediate testing, treatment, and sometimes admission to a hospital. If the only warning signs are chronic or nighttime diarrhea or weight loss, people should see a doctor within a week or so. People without warning signs should call a doctor if diarrhea lasts for more than 72 hours. Depending on the person's other symptoms, age, and medical history, the doctor may recommend the person have an examination or try at-home or over-the-counter treatments Treatment: In most cases, diarrhea symptoms can clear up by themselves, without any treatment. Most of the scenarios involve changing your food habits for some days. You can take antibiotics but use of antibiotics in diarrhoea should be only under medical supervision. In most cases these are helpful and the symptoms will go away after a day or two. Drink plenty of fluids during these days to replenish the lost water content and to keep your body hydrated at all times. If drinking fluids affect your stomach then you may need to take the fluids intravenously. If you do not get relief from the symptoms even after a couple of days, seek medical help. Oral Rehydration rehydration salts (ORS) - How To Make It? Oral Rehydration rehydration salts (ORS) is a special drink made up of sugars, salts, and clean water. It can help replace fluid loss from severe diarrhea or vomiting. Studies have shown ORS to be as effective as intravenous fluid administration when treating dehydration. ORS drinks can be made using purchased packets, like Pedialyte , Infalyte , and Naturalyte . You can also make ORS drinks at home using clean water, salt, and sugar. Making Your Own ORS Solution-- 1. Gather the ingredients. To make your own ORS solution, you ll need: table salt clean water granulated or powdered sugar 2. Mix the dry ingredients. Add a half-teaspoon of table salt and 2 tablespoons of sugar into a clean container. You can use granulated or powdered sugar. If you don't have a teaspoon to measure, you can use a fistful scoop of sugar and a three-finger pinch of salt. 3. Add one liter of clean drinking water. If you cannot measure out a liter, add 5 cups of water (each cup is about 200 ml). Only use clean water. The water can be bottled water or recently boiled and cooled water. Be sure to only use water. Milk, soup, fruit juice or soft drinks cannot be used since they will make the ORS ineffective. Don't add any extra sugar. 4. Stir well and drink. Use a spoon or whisk to mix the ORS powder into the water. After a minute or so of vigorous stirring, the solution should be completely dissolved. Now, it is ready to drink. ORS solution can be refrigerated for 24 hours. Do not store it any longer.
6743 people found this helpful

Causes And Symptoms Of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome in Children!

Dr. Lata Bhat 90% (156 ratings)
Fellowship in Neonatology, MRCPCH(UK), Diploma in Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician, Delhi
Causes And Symptoms Of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome in Children!
Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is characterized by periodic bouts of nausea and vomiting that happens at cyclical intervals. It affects all ages, but is more common in children. The condition is quite stereotypical in that there are paroxysms or bouts of vomiting that is recurrent and follows days of normal health. Causes: There is no definite reason identified, but it is said to have a strong hereditary correlation. Studies have shown mitochondrial heteroplasmic (abnormal growth of mitochondria, which is a cellular component) to be one of the factors that can lead to CVS. The genetic correlation, however, is very difficult to establish, specifically because vomiting and nausea are common symptoms that occur with most conditions in children. And CVS is most commonly noted with conditions like infections and emotional excitement. Infection could be either tooth decay or sinusitis or anything else. Lack of sleep, anxiety, holidays, allergies, overeating, certain foods, menstruation - a host of factors have been shown to induce CVS. There is also a strong association with migraine and conditions that lead to excessive production of stress hormones. Symptoms: The syndrome (a group of symptoms) usually has 4 phases: Symptom-free interval phase: The child is completely normal in this phase, which happens in between bouts. Prodromal phase: Prodrome is an indication that a disease or a condition is about to happen. In CVS, this is usually nausea and abdominal pain that can last from a few minutes to a few hours. Treatment in this phase can curb the disease. However, there could be some children in whom this may not manifest and the child may directly start with vomiting. Vomiting phase: Repeated bouts of paroxysmal vomiting happen associated with nausea, exertion, fatigue, and drowsiness. Recovery phase: As the nausea and vomiting begin to subside, which may take a couple of days, the child returns back to normal slowly. However, the lethargy and energy levels will take a couple of days to return to normal. Treatment: Treatment again depends on the severity and the phase at which it is being recognized. If a child has repetitive bouts, then the parent and the doctor would have identified a pattern to it. If the causative agent has been identified, for instance, infection or migraine, then managing that takes care of the CVS also. If identified during the prodromal phase, again it can be managed with suitable anti-emetic medications. If identified after full onset, rest and sleep and medications to control nausea and vomiting are required. Adequate hydration with electrolyte replenishment and sedatives can provide additional support. However, in most cases of childhood CSV, the pattern will be identified and that helps in better management, both the child/parent and the podiatrist.
4217 people found this helpful

Health Tip

Dr. Ashutosh Mishra 88% (34 ratings)
General Physician, Lucknow
Health Tip
Rush to emergency in a hospital if you have crushing feeling in the chest, you vomit blood and your stools are black or bloody.

Popular Questions & Answers

From past few days, I am suffering from severe pain in my navel and whenever I eat something I feel vomit. I took few medicines but all doesn't work. Please suggest or recommend me.

Dr. Ambadi Kumar 89% (650 ratings)
MD, Fellowship in Intergrative Medicine, MBBS
Integrated Medicine Specialist, Kochi
Please go to a Do not skip meals Avoid oily and spicy foods chew your food, do not gulp food Drink 2 to 2.5 litres of water stop all dairy products Eat lot of fruits and vegetables move around get a urine, stool,and ultrasound exam and urea breath test If you still have issues go to gastroenterologist doctor for further evaluation.
1 person found this helpful

Hello, my cousin of age 17 years is suffering from last two months from tendency of vomiting whenever she eats and complain of headache and stomach pain. She was under treatment and had her test of liver and endoscopy, colonoscopy also done and every report was normal. Now after soo many days she has become weak and lost her weight also. But all her medical report is normal. She is afraid to eat bcoz she vomits after eating and because of all this she is not going to school from two months. We really don't know which doctor should we go gynecologists, physician, pshycatrist etc. We are really clueless. Are these symptoms sign of any serious disease. From beginning she is tomboy type and remains in group of boys I don't know whether this can have any link with disease or not but I shared if we get clue frm this, she have her periods normal. Due to all this now she remains irritated and have mood swings. Please can anyone guide in detail we have become really helpless and clueless as her medical report related to her stomach and CT scan is completely normal but still there is no improvement in her.

Dr. Jyoti Goel 91% (5840 ratings)
General Physician, Gurgaon
This seems to be Psychological issue she need counsellling. Along with medications she also needs emotional support Follow advise 1.Involvement in creative activites according to her capabilities spiritual organization in your city like Brahmakumaris they teach meditation free of cost and this meditation will surely help in normalizing her mood and emotions 3. Daily outing morning evening and spend some time with nature like in Park will certainly help 4. Soft music and involvement in religious/ spiritual programme will help certainly consult Psychiatrist in a good hospital.
1 person found this helpful

Always got vomit when I travelled in car or bus. Tablets and other treatments doesn't work at all.

Dr. S.K. Tandon 93% (7405 ratings)
Diploma in Diabetology, Pregnancy & Diabetes, Hypertension, Cardiovascular Prevention in Diabetes ,Thyroid
Sexologist, Sri Ganganagar
Dimenhydrinate belongs to a group of medications called antiemetics. This medication is used to prevent and treat motion sickness as well as nausea and vomiting.
1 person found this helpful

Mere 2 years k nephew ne rice me rakhne wali jhandu paras ki ek goli kha li usko vomit krwa k goli nikal li hai or wo thik v hai per koi problem ho skti h kya Dr. K pas jana chaiye? please rply as soon as possible.

Dr. Deepak Dass 92% (826 ratings)
Homeopath, Raebareli
Dear user if there is any symptoms of Stomach upset nausea vomiting or drowsiness loose motion or anything unusual then kindly rush to doctor nearby and for now give the medicine e Nux vom 200 thrice a day for 2 and keep.monitoring in the activity of the child.
1 person found this helpful

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