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Vomiting Tips

Vomiting And Pregnancy - How To Treat It?

Dr. Lalita Rao 91% (10 ratings)
MBBS and DGO (Obstetrics & gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Raipur
Vomiting And Pregnancy - How To Treat It?

While pregnancy is not a pathological condition, it is a happy time that can be marred by various conditions. Debilitating morning or all day sickness, which is usually characterised by nausea, reflux in the gastro esophageal band, heartburn and acidity. This can also turn into vomiting and lead to complications if it does not stop. Persistent, almost daily vomiting can be termed as excessive vomiting in pregnancy, and this is known as Hyperemesis Gravidarum in medical terms. Let us find out more about this condition.

Routine: Hyperemesis Gravidarum usually strikes as a matter of routine at a set time everyday where the patient will either be in unappetising company of acute and painful acidity and nausea, or will also be vomiting.

Severity: The severity of the condition usually decreases as the patient's pregnancy progresses. Usually, this condition strikes around the fourth or fifth week of pregnancy, before becoming better towards the middle of the second trimester. There are cases, though, where it continues to be just as severe till the very end of the pregnancy.

When to take Action: The patient may have to be hospitalised in case too much vomiting takes place, so as to prevent excess loss of water and salt from the body, and resultant weakness which may affect the growth of the foetus. Also, it is best to call the doctor when you have experienced fainting and dizzy spells.

Causes: Hyperemesis Gravidarum or excessive vomiting during pregnancy cannot be attributed to any specific or single cause. Usually, it is known to be a genetic condition passed down by mothers to their daughters. But in most cases, doctors believe that the condition is due to hormonal changes where an increase in the HCG hormone, or Human Chronic Gonadotropin hormone level during pregnancy may lead to a variety of symptoms such as morning sickness or excessive vomiting. This hormone is known to be at its peak during pregnancy.

Risk Factors: It has mostly been seen that women who are carrying twins are at risk of suffering from this condition. Also, women who have suffered from chronic motion sickness in the past report excessive vomiting during pregnancy.

Treatment: The best way to treat this issue is to prevent too much of nausea and vomiting with the help of a bland diet that does not have heavy to digest ingredients. Also, it is best to take small and frequent meals.

Working your way around excessive vomiting during pregnancy is a matter of ensuring that you take rest, fluids and other precautions.

3969 people found this helpful

Anorexia And Bulimia - How To Treat It?

Vaibhav Srivastava 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB - Psychaitry
Psychiatrist, Navi Mumbai
Anorexia And Bulimia - How To Treat It?

An eating disorder, mostly appears when your food habits reach levels of extremity. Anorexia nervosa and Bulimia are two main and the most common eating disorders found in men and women. One is the lower extreme while the other is the higher extreme in terms of food intake.

1. Anorexia: People who are affected with anorexia think of themselves to be very overweight in spite of actually being very slim and thin. Anorexia inflicted people consume less than a thousand calories per day. They exercise rigorously and try to find more ways to lose weight. They vomit a lot due to the insufficient diet and suffer more. The treatment for anorexia nervosa generally includes a mix of mental treatment, and regulated weight gain program. An anorexia patient should seek treatment as early as possible. The best ways to deal with anorexia are:

Psychological Treatment: Various psychological treatments can be used to cure anorexia of different stages. They are cognitive analytic therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy, focal psychodynamic therapy. A family's response is also an important psychological factor. Proper encouragement and effort should be given.

Weight gain program: This measure will guide an anorexic patient to improve his diet habits and slowly gain weight. A patient is monitored carefully, traits are recognized and a likewise diet pattern is given.

2. Bulimia: Bulimia nervosa is another category of eating disorder. The main characteristic of this disorder is  overeating in the highest level. Binge eating is observed, followed by attempts by the affected individual to lose weight. A bulimic patient is constantly trapped in the cycle of overeating and then thinking about losing weight.

Maybe you do not like the idea of binge eating and fear getting obese, but once affected by bulimia a patient cannot follow this and binge eats. Later, they adopt extreme measures for losing weight. The primary methods to deal with bulimia are:

  • Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy, or talk therapy includes examining your bulimia and related issues with an expert. It is proven that these sorts of psychotherapies restrict the symptoms of bulimia. The three modes of psychotherapy include- Cognitive-behavioral therapy, Family-based therapy and Interpersonal psychotherapy.
  • Medications: Medicines such as anti-depressants can be taken by bulimia patients along with psychotherapy. Prozac is a recommended and effective medicine.
  • Proper diet plan: For bulimia affected patients, having a proper balanced diet is very essential. A diet expert should be consulted, who will make the most essential food pattern for you. Undertaking a weight loss program is also recommended.

Eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia should be avoided, and you should know the best ways to deal with them.

3781 people found this helpful

Prevent Migraine!

Dr. Harshita Sethi 93% (203 ratings)
MD - Ayurveda, CIY, Guru Shishya parampara, BAMS
Ayurveda, Gurgaon

Migraine is a severe form of headache which sprrads to neck & shoulder due to overactive blood vessels and nerves. It can have serious impact on daily life. 
Vomiting sensation, hypersensitivity to light, sound and smell can occur as presymptom.

  • Taking mint, corainder and lemon juice - 30 ml mixed in 1 glass of water gor 45 days can strenghten bloid vessels and thus prevent the main epidode of migraine.
  • Applying warm oil on forehead and sclap daily for a month is very effective in destresing the nerves.
  • Ayurvedic warm oil potli massage and shorodhara therapy is quite effective in treating migrainous pain.
1 person found this helpful

How to Lose Stomach Fat without Exercise or Dieting?

Gautam Clinic Pvt Ltd 94% (7883 ratings)
Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad
How to Lose Stomach Fat without Exercise or Dieting?

Try tummy-control garments. There have never been more options in the undergarment industry for clothing that tighten, firm, and shape the midsection. Made mainstream by Spanx, tummy-control garments are available in many types for people of most sizes.

• Women's undergarments include tummy-control pantyhose, panties, high-waisted shorts, body suits, camisoles, and tank tops made of Lycra, elastic, or some combination. Most mainstream undergarment brands for women carry control top styles, but the most popular include Spanx, Soma, and TC Shaping. Buy your normal size and expect it to run small.

Take advantage of current trends in corseting and waist training. This method involves wearing a binding garment across the abdomen. If done in moderation, corseting can create a thinner silhouette without any other lifestyle changes.

• Some celebrities swear by corseting as a weight loss mechanism, and although doctors say it won't actually help you lose fat cells, it can help you lose weight by cinching in your stomach as you eat so that you don't have as much room to overeat. In addition, the fat cell can expand or shrink, according to how much fat it is storing.

• Be careful about wearing these too tight or too frequently. Because they can reduce your stomach capacity, you might vomit after eating even a normal sized meal. They can also contribute to heartburn and compress your organs. 

• Purchase your corset at a store with knowledgeable sales staff, who can help you fit it correctly and learn to lace it appropriately so that it is not too tight.

Consider a body wrap. Body wraps are spa treatments that claim to detoxify and slim the midsection. With training, these can also be done at home. While the process can vary, most involve several steps and the application of several types of body products. 

• The aestheticism will start by massaging and applying a body scrub to your midsection, which will then be rinsed in a shower. The body scrub will contain a variety of herbs and minerals thought to cleanse the skin of impurities and reduce the appearance of fat or cellulite.

• The body will then be rubbed with a lotion or oil containing other emollients and properties.

• Next, the midsection will be securely wrapped in linen, plastic, or thermal sheets, and then an electric heated blanket will be used to warm the body for about 30 minutes, which will cause sweating. This step in particular is thought to remove impurities and reduce the appearance of fat.

• After removing the blanket and wraps, the midsection will be massaged again to increase blood flow.

• While this process is not supported for weight loss, many clients feel that it reduces the appearance of stomach fat and cellulite, especially with repeated treatments. Due to the sweating process (and loss of water weight), it is not uncommon for clients to experience a loss of a couple of inches, although this will be temporary.

Reduce your water weight. The body can retain water for various reasons, giving a bloated appearance particularly around the waist. Reducing water weight will temporarily slim the waistline. 

• Hydrate. In many cases, water retention is the body's effort to prevent dehydration when you are not taking in enough water per day. This is especially true in hotter months. Be sure you are drinking at least eight 8-oz glasses of hydrating fluids a day (or 2 liters), which will help flush out your system and reduce bloating and puffiness.

84 people found this helpful

Excessive Vomiting in Pregnancy - Know Why!

Dr. Kamna Nagpal 86% (21 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DGO
Gynaecologist, Chandigarh
Excessive Vomiting in Pregnancy - Know Why!

While pregnancy is not a pathological condition, it is a happy time that can be marred by various conditions. Debilitating morning or all day sickness, which is usually characterised by nausea, reflux in the gastro esophageal band, heartburn and acidity. This can also turn into vomiting and lead to complications if it does not stop. Persistent, almost daily vomiting can be termed as excessive vomiting in pregnancy, and this is known as Hyperemesis Gravidarum in medical terms.

Let us find out more about this condition.

Routine: Hyperemesis Gravidarum usually strikes as a matter of routine at a set time everyday where the patient will either be in unappetising company of acute and painful acidity and nausea, or will also be vomiting.

Severity: The severity of the condition usually decreases as the patient's pregnancy progresses. Usually, this condition strikes around the fourth or fifth week of pregnancy, before becoming better towards the middle of the second trimester. There are cases, though, where it continues to be just as severe till the very end of the pregnancy.

When to take Action: The patient may have to be hospitalised in case too much vomiting takes place, so as to prevent excess loss of water and salt from the body, and resultant weakness which may affect the growth of the foetus. Also, it is best to call the doctor when you have experienced fainting and dizzy spells.

Causes:

Hyperemesis Gravidarum or excessive vomiting during pregnancy cannot be attributed to any specific or single cause. Usually, it is known to be a genetic condition passed down by mothers to their daughters. But in most cases, doctors believe that the condition is due to hormonal changes where an increase in the HCG hormone, or Human Chronic Gonadotropin hormone level during pregnancy may lead to a variety of symptoms such as morning sickness or excessive vomiting. This hormone is known to be at its peak during pregnancy.

Risk Factors: It has mostly been seen that women who are carrying twins are at risk of suffering from this condition. Also, women who have suffered from chronic motion sickness in the past report excessive vomiting during pregnancy.

Treatment: The best way to treat this issue is to prevent too much of nausea and vomiting with the help of a bland diet that does not have heavy to digest ingredients. Also, it is best to take small and frequent meals.

Working your way around excessive vomiting during pregnancy is a matter of ensuring that you take rest, fluids and other precautions. Speak with us in a private consultation to know more.

2329 people found this helpful

Kerala Floods Bring Leptospirosis: Understand What It Is!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Faridabad
Kerala Floods Bring Leptospirosis: Understand What It Is!

One of the worst floods ever in Kerala has brought a deluge of Leptospirosis.

The Director of the Health Department issued an alert that there is a sudden increase of Leptospirosis cases from Thrissur, Palakkad, Kozhikode, Malappuram and Kannur districts.

According to the report, 28 cases of Leptospirosis were reported in Kozhikode. Further , DMO reported that there were 64 people who were suspected of suffering from this disease.

What is Leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis is commonly known as “Rat Fever.” It is an infection caused by a bacteria called 'Leptospira interrogans' . The infection is transmitted through the urine of rodents, dogs, and farm animals.

Leptospirosis is the kind of Flu that lasts for one or two weeks but revives again once it is cured.

If left untreated, it can also lead to some more serious problems, like chest pain, swollen legs, and arms. In most cases, doctors recommend hospitalization.

Causes of Leptospirosis:

  • Blood, urine, or tissue transmitted from cattle, pigs, dogs, or animals that carry the bacteria.

  • Direct or indirect contact with water that is contaminated with bacteria.

  • Direct or indirect contact with soil that has bacteria.

Common symptoms associated with Leptospirosis are as below :

How to Prevent Leptospirosis?

Some of the helpful ways to prevent Leptospirosis are:

1. Avoid Contact with Contaminated Water and Soil

Since Leptospirosis is caused by contaminated water or soil, one should avoid drinking contaminated water. Try to limit the contact with contaminated soil as well. Wearing full clothes and drinking filtered water is beneficial.

2. Use Disinfectants

Disinfectants like Lysol, Bleach, Iodine, and Acid Solutions will help to kill the bacteria that cause Leptospirosis. Using these regularly may lower the rate of Leptospirosis.

3. Maintain Hygiene

Maintaining hygiene is one of the best ways to inhibit the bacteria. Washing hands with disinfectants while eating or drinking will help a lot, especially in this worse situation of Kerala.

4. Do Not Eat or Drink While Handling Animals.

One must ensure that they do not eat, drink, or smoke anything while handling the animals, as it increases the chances of bacteria to enter the body.

5. Treat Wounds Immediately

As bacteria can even be transmitted in the bloodstream, it is necessary to treat wounds and injuries immediately. Also, it should be ensured that open wounds do not come in contact with contaminated water or soil, as they will provide a direct pathway for the bacteria.

Since it is difficult to eliminate Leptospirosis in this deteriorating situation of Kerala, these preventive measures may help to inhibit the bacteria. However, consulting a doctor or immediate treatment will always be a great idea to cure the disease.

6 people found this helpful

Homeopathy And Digestive Disorder!

Dr. Sameer Kumar Singh 86% (115 ratings)
B.Sc, BHMS
Homeopath, Lucknow
Homeopathy And Digestive Disorder!

Homeopathy has great proven worth in dealing with many digestive com­plaints. However, be aware of certain warning symptoms which should not be ignored. 
An early medical opinion and diagnosis is important in the follow­ing situations:

1. Sudden severe abdominal pain
2. Vomiting, especially if accompanied by abdominal distension

3. Weight loss which is not from deliber­ate dieting
4. Alteration in the normal bowel habit, either with persistent looseness or constipation
5. Bleeding from the back passage.

1 person found this helpful

3 Ways To Treat Ovarian Cysts!

Dr. Ruchi Malhotra 88% (482 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology, DGO
IVF Specialist, Delhi
3 Ways To Treat Ovarian Cysts!

Ovarian cysts are a common development in many women. Cysts are sacs filled with fluid which are formed in the female ovaries. Most cysts are harmless and do not even show any symptoms. However, some cysts do show outward symptoms like heavy bleeding, clotting, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain during the menstrual cycle, and pain during sex.

If you feel any of the above-mentioned discomforts, it will be in your best interest to book an appointment with your gynaecologist and get a check-up done. Most cysts are manageable unless they are very severe. In fact, it is best that cysts come to light at the right time and are efficiently managed, unless they develop into severe issues in the future.

Management of cysts

  1. Oftentimes, medical practitioners resort to what is called ‘watchful waiting’.
  2. At times, ovarian cysts disappear in a few months.
  3. It is recommended to take a blood test and an ultrasound to see the progress of the cyst.
  4. If you have already experienced menopause, then these tests are carried out every four months. This is because in such cases the risk of an ovarian cancer is at its highest and regular monitoring of the cyst is necessary.

Treatment of cysts
Ovarian cysts can be treated in their earlier stages. Here are some of the most popular treatments.

  1. Laparoscopy is one of the most popular treatments. It is a surgery carried out under general anaesthesia. The tummy is cut to a radius of a key hole and a laparoscope is inserted. This helps the doctor to see the internal organs, which is then used to remove the cyst. This method is less painful and has a quick recovery time.
  2. Laparotomy is the other method used for removing a cyst. In case the cyst is large, then one single large hole is made in the body to access the cyst. At times, the cyst and the ovaries are removed and sent for further laboratory inspection. This inspection is done to detect whether the samples are cancerous or not. This procedure is more complex than the previous one and might need the patient to stay in the hospital for a few days.
  3. In case you have a cancerous cyst, then your reproductive part itself would have to be removed rendering you barren for your life.

Ovarian cyst is very much treatable and is best to be detected at an earlier stage for better and faster treatment. Thus, it is best to go for regular check-ups and report in case of any disturbing symptoms.
 

3695 people found this helpful

UTI In Children - Understanding The Ways It Can Be Treated!

Dr. Rishavdeb Patra 89% (94 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Paediatric Surgery
Pediatric Surgeon, Kolkata
UTI In Children - Understanding The Ways It Can Be Treated!

UTI stands for urinary tract infections. In children a urinary tract infection (UTI) is a very common condition caused by bacteria. Bacteria that enter the urethra are flushed out through urination. But, when bacteria aren’t excluded out of the urethra, they may grow in the urinary tract and cause infections. The Survey state that up to 8% of girls and 2% of boys will get a UTI at an early age. Sometimes the symptoms of UTI are hard to detect in kids so it is better to get your child treated, as it turn into serious kidney diseases. With a right treatment your child will feel better within few days. 

Symptoms of a UTI include: 

  1. Burning and pain during micturation. 
  2. Urgent need to go, but having a few drops of urine. 
  3. Fever and vomiting commonly occur during UTI. 
  4. Foul smell and cloudy urine. 

Causes 

  1. Bladder outlet obstruction like posterior urethral valve in males 
  2. Vesico ureteric reflux (VUR) 
  3. Uretero pelvic junction obstruction (UPJ Obstruction) 
  4. Constipation: Being constipated makes difficult to empty your bladder, which means trapped bacteria which increases risk of UTI. So in order to reduce the UTI risk, avoid constipation 
  5. Dehydration: Drinking water not only quenches your thirst, but it also avoids the risk of getting UTI. We should drink enough water so that we can flush out bacteria that can cause UTI. Drinking water also avoids the constipation problem. 
  6. Holding urine: Holding urine for 6 hours make UTI more common as bacteria in the bladder has lots of time to grow and cause infection. So ask your child to pass urine after few hours. 

Prevention 

  1. Avoid tight fitting clothes, especially for girl children. 
  2. Drink more and more liquids and eat fibre rich food. 
  3. Change the diaper of young child frequently. 
  4. Ask your child to go for urine immediately rather than holding. 
  5. Don’t give bubble bath to the child as it is a major source of bacteria. 

Investigations: 

  1. USG (KUB
  2. Urine routine examination and culture sensitivity 
  3. MCU (Micturating Cysto Urethrogram) 
  4. Urodynamic study 
  5. DTPA Scan 
  6. DMSA Scan 

Treatments 
The most common antibiotics used for treatment are:Amoxicillin and clavulanic acid, Sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, Ofloxacin, Cefixime etc Sometimes hospitalization is necessary in younger than 6 months old, if: 

  • The Child has a high fever and not improving. 
  • The child is vomiting and having dehydration.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1939 people found this helpful

Gastrointestinal Perforation - 8 Diseases that Can Lead To It!

Dr. Nitin Aherrao 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology, Fellowship in Advanced Endoscopy
Gastroenterologist, Mumbai
Gastrointestinal Perforation - 8 Diseases that Can Lead To It!

When a hole develops in the wall of the gallbladder, rectum, large bowel, small intestine, stomach or oesophagus, it is called gastrointestinal perforation. It is a medical emergency that needs urgent medical attention.

Symptoms of gastrointestinal perforation (GP) usually include
1. Serious stomach pain
2. Chills
3. Fever
4. Nausea
5. Vomiting

Peritonitis (abdominal cavity lining inflammation) can also accompany the abovementioned condition. So in addition to the above symptoms, you may also experience peritonitis symptoms such as:
1. Fatigue
2. Passing less gas, urine or stools
3. Breathing difficulties
4. Fast heartbeats
5. Dizziness

Certain diseases can cause Gastro-intestinal perforation, such as:
1. Appendicitis
2. Diverticulitis (A type of digestive disorder)
3. Stomach ulcer
4. Gallstones
5. Gallbladder infection
6. Inflammatory bowel diseases (inflammation in the small intestine and the colon)
7. Swollen Meckel’s diverticulum (abnormal bulging of the small intestine at birth)
8. Gastrointestinal tract cancer

Besides diseases, the following conditions can also lead to Gastro-intestinal perforation:
1. Blunt abdominal trauma
2. Gunshot or knife wound to the abdomen

3. Abdominal surgery
4. Stomach ulcers caused by excessive consumption of steroids, anti-inflammatory drugs and aspirin
5. Ingestion of caustic substances or foreign objects
Other than these, drinking alcohol, smoking and bowel injuries (caused by colonoscopy or endoscopy) can lead to GP as well.

Treatment options available
This condition is mostly treated with surgery. The goal of the surgery is to repair the anatomical problem and cause of peritonitis, along with removal of any foreign object in the abdominal socket, such as food, faeces and bile. However, if your doctor deems surgery unnecessary (in instances where the hole closes voluntarily) you will be only given antibiotics.
In some cases, a section of the intestine might need to be removed. An ileostomy or colostomy is performed where a portion of the large or small intestine is removed, which grants intestinal contents to empty or drain into a bag implanted on the wall of your abdomen.

 

The complications include:
1. Bleeding
2. Sepsis (Critical and fatal bacterial infection)
3. Belly ulcers
4. Wound infection
5. Bowel infarction (impaired supply of blood to the bowels)
6. Permanent colostomy or ileostomy

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3416 people found this helpful
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