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Food Poisoning - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Food Poisining?

Food poisoning is quite common and may even be fatal in extreme cases. Infection with food borne organisms might not show any symptoms or might manifest as abdominal discomfort or bloody diarrhea and severe dehydration. Based on the kind of infection, food poisoning may even lead to death. Over 250 different types of diseases might lead to food poisoning. Few of the common diseases are infections due to bacteria like salmonella, campylobacter, E. coli, botulism, norovirus and listeria.

Campylobacter

Acute diarrhea may be indicative of campylobacter. Ingestion of infected water, milk or food may transmit campylobacter. Contact with infected animals may spread it as well. It may be serious if you are immunocompromised. Rarely additional complications may be there as well like nervous system problems and reactive arthritis. These problems usually start when the diarrhea stops. Check with your doctor if you might have been affected by a campylobacter infection. Stool diagnosis can show the presence of bacteria. If an infection is found, recovery starts without treatment and the symptoms start going away within 5 days. Drink a lot of liquids to prevent dehydration. Antibiotics can be taken (like erythromycin) at the onset of the infection for reducing the duration of sickness.

Salmonella

Salmonella infection might lead to reactive arthritis in some people. Most recover completely after a salmonella infection, even though the recovery period may be of a few months. Urinating pain, joint pain and eye irritation are all symptoms. The pain in joints might turn into arthritis. Rarely can salmonella be fatal. Fatality chances are higher in the elderly, infants and those who are immunocompromised.

Shigella

Feces are generally responsible for the spread of shigella, which is a bacteria. It leads to dysentery, an intestinal infection that results in severe diarrhea. It generally is a tropical disease and is more common in crowded places where interpersonal and personal hygiene suffers. Consult your doctor if you think that there has been a shigella exposure. The stools can be tested to check for the presence of this bacteria. There isn’t necessity for specialized treatment in mild cases of shigella infection. Drinking a lot of fluids is required to avoid dehydration. Antibiotics and preventive steps for dehydration might be needed in severe cases. Infected stools may transmit the bacteria to other people if hygiene is poor. Washing hands thoroughly is necessary after changing diapers or using the washroom to restrict spreading the bacteria.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Diarrhea and bloating Weakness Dehydration and dizziness Headache Malaise Indigestion Gagging

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Popular Questions & Answers

Can Phexin Redisyp 250 mg/5 ml use in the treatment of food infections in babies?

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I consumed momos a day ago. And from last night, I have just been sitting in the washroom excreting out everything that I am consuming, Be it a drop of water, a banana, some vegetable. There is much pain around my hip area because of which I can neither sit nor lie down. Took norfloxTz so far and ors with water and a banana. Still no progress.

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I am taking ciplox tz for stomach upset. 10 days ago I took ornof but after a week again I had loose stools. For how much days I shud take ciplox. I already took 5 tablets and I feel better now. Shud I continue for 5 days or shud I take it only for 3 days?

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Table of Content

What is Food Poisining?

Campylobacter

Salmonella

Shigella

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