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Overview

Food Poisoning - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Food Poisining?

Food poisoning is quite common and may even be fatal in extreme cases. Infection with food borne organisms might not show any symptoms or might manifest as abdominal discomfort or bloody diarrhea and severe dehydration. Based on the kind of infection, food poisoning may even lead to death. Over 250 different types of diseases might lead to food poisoning. Few of the common diseases are infections due to bacteria like salmonella, campylobacter, E. coli, botulism, norovirus and listeria.

Campylobacter

Acute diarrhea may be indicative of campylobacter. Ingestion of infected water, milk or food may transmit campylobacter. Contact with infected animals may spread it as well. It may be serious if you are immunocompromised. Rarely additional complications may be there as well like nervous system problems and reactive arthritis. These problems usually start when the diarrhea stops. Check with your doctor if you might have been affected by a campylobacter infection. Stool diagnosis can show the presence of bacteria. If an infection is found, recovery starts without treatment and the symptoms start going away within 5 days. Drink a lot of liquids to prevent dehydration. Antibiotics can be taken (like erythromycin) at the onset of the infection for reducing the duration of sickness.

Salmonella

Salmonella infection might lead to reactive arthritis in some people. Most recover completely after a salmonella infection, even though the recovery period may be of a few months. Urinating pain, joint pain and eye irritation are all symptoms. The pain in joints might turn into arthritis. Rarely can salmonella be fatal. Fatality chances are higher in the elderly, infants and those who are immunocompromised.

Shigella

Feces are generally responsible for the spread of shigella, which is a bacteria. It leads to dysentery, an intestinal infection that results in severe diarrhea. It generally is a tropical disease and is more common in crowded places where interpersonal and personal hygiene suffers. Consult your doctor if you think that there has been a shigella exposure. The stools can be tested to check for the presence of this bacteria. There isn’t necessity for specialized treatment in mild cases of shigella infection. Drinking a lot of fluids is required to avoid dehydration. Antibiotics and preventive steps for dehydration might be needed in severe cases. Infected stools may transmit the bacteria to other people if hygiene is poor. Washing hands thoroughly is necessary after changing diapers or using the washroom to restrict spreading the bacteria.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Diarrhea and bloating Weakness Dehydration and dizziness Headache Malaise Indigestion Gagging

Popular Health Tips

Food To Be Avoided During Pregnancy

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Food To Be Avoided During Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a really beautiful as well as a very sensitive phase in a woman’s life. Craving for your favourite food in the middle of the night, or even throughout the day, is a perfectly normal phenomenon. Although you deserve to be pampered with your favourite food, however, there are certain foods which irrespective of cravings you really need to avoid for the well being of that tiny little life inside you.

Here is a list of food items to be avoided during pregnancy.

  1. Starting with fruits, papaya and pineapples are big negatives. These fruits contain substances that produce uterine contractions inducing labour, and thus, abortion.

  2. Sesame seeds also tend to excite uterine muscles thereby causing contractions which may lead to abortion. So it would be an intelligent step to avoid intake of these. Other dry fruits like raisins, dates, almonds, walnuts, pistachios are safe to consume in a moderate amount.

  3. Spices that make way into this list include fennel and fenugreek seeds. These may induce uterine contractions too.

  4. Although fish is rich in omega 3 and is an important food to include in the pregnancy diet, intake of some sorts of fish might not be a good idea. Here is a list of the kinds of fishes that should be avoided.

    • Fishes containing mercury

    • Smoked or refrigerated seafood.

    • Fishes cultured in polluted water

    • Shellfish that is undercooked. Eg, clams, mussels, oyster

  5. Undercooked or raw eggs may be tainted with salmonella bacteria that might cause vomiting and diarrhoea. Desserts or sauces containing raw or uncooked egg should be avoided.

  6. Any form of undercooked or treated meat or poultry. This is because a parasite named toxoplasma may be present that might cause excessive food poisoning which in turn could cause foetal damage or miscarriage.

  7. Milk is one of the essential foods in pregnancy diet; however, any sort of unpasteurized milk is strictly negative.

  8. Sprouts and raw vegetables should be avoided. However, these can be eaten if shallow fried.

  9. One major setback for coffee addicts is that caffeine intake is required to be lowered to minimum amounts; that is, not more than one cup a day.

    • Herbal tea

    • Supplements

    • Saccharine

    • Canned food as well as street food.

There are many more little details that should be taken care of but this list would be handy for newly pregnant women. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dietitian-nutritionist.

4049 people found this helpful

Benefits of Botox Is Not Just Limited to Wrinkles

Benefits of Botox Is Not Just Limited to Wrinkles

The quest to look and feel young is never ending. Almost everybody feels they could look a couple of years younger with a few wrinkles less and firmer skin. While this was within access of only celebrities who could afford the various plastic surgical procedures a few decades ago, times have changed now. Scientists and doctors are doing researches to find more affordable and non-surgical ways of getting to look younger.

Botox was one of the wonderful results of this search. Clostridium botulinum causes food poisoning and produces a toxin known as botulinum. In extremely minor amounts, this toxin can paralyze muscles and this property of it is used to treat facial wrinkles and fine lines.

How Botox works: The muscles react when they receive a message from the nerve through chemicals known as neurotransmitters. Acetylcholine is one such chemical, which is present in the face and sends messages to the facial skin from the nerves. What Botox does is prevent the release of acetylcholine and so the muscle does not receive any message, and so does not contract. This reduces the amount of wrinkles and fine lines.

Medical Indications: Botox is one of the most powerful toxins identified to date. About 2 kg of the toxin is sufficient to wipe out the entire human race from Earth. That being its potency, the dosage and administration should be done only under experienced medical supervision.

For cosmetic purposes, they are most frequently used to reduce wrinkles on face and fine lines under the eyes and on the forehead. The wrinkles appear softened after the use of Botox, producing a younger, firmer skin. Aside from its cosmetic use, there are various other conditions for which Botox is medically approved for a number of medical ailments like

  1. Chronic migraine
  2. Blepharospasm (spasm of the eyelids)
  3. Chronic neck spasms
  4. Excessive sweating
  5. Overactive bladder (resulting in frequent urination)
  6. Spasticity resulting from stroke
  7. Crow's feet (outer corner of the eyes)
  8. Urinary incontinence
  9. Lazy eye (strabismus)
  10. Bruxism (tooth grinding)
  11. Esophageal motility disorders

The list is only set to get longer as more indications for Botox are identified. However, as mentioned, being an extremely toxic substance, it should be used only under complete medical supervision.

Side effects: Needless to say, there are side effects to this too, but when administered properly, it is an extremely safe procedure.

  1. Allergic reaction: Very few people might have an allergic reaction to the toxin
  2. Mild pain or redness at the injection site
  3. Temporary numbness

However, these are very transient and will subside in a couple of days, by which time the effect of Botox will be visible. Have a thorough discussion with a doctor before going for it.

6496 people found this helpful

Indigestion - Best Possible Homeopathic Remedies For It!

BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Indigestion - Best Possible Homeopathic Remedies For It!

Indigestion can happen anytime due to wrong food habits or even due to wrong eating lifestyle. Indigestion brings in pain and discomfort that makes it difficult for you to do anything comfortably. Normally, indigestion issues may go away over a certain period of time, but if it stays for a longer time such as days and weeks, it can lead to much bigger problems such as constipation and ulcer.

Often there are instant medicines to treat indigestion but if you wish to get treated in a natural way, then natural remedies are best. Again these natural remedies may take much time to effect and in this case, treating with homeopathic medicine is the best option.

 

  1. Nux Vomica: Nux Vomica is the best homeopathic medicine for a number of stomach related issues such as heartburn due to gastric, constipation and indigestion. Often such issues do take place after the consumption of spicy food or alcohol and in this case trying this medicine can be the best option. It is most effective when you are feeling heavy on your stomach but even after the passage of your stool you are not getting the feel of comfort.
  2. Pulsatilla: Pulsatilla is another medicine that can be used in treating gastric related problems that can happen after consumption of fatty or junk food items such as pastries, patties, and others. Often problems of loose stool that is accompanied by slight chilliness are treated with the medicine Pulsatilla. Often during such a problem, the patient does not feel thirsty, even after not drinking water for a long time.
  3. Arsenic Album: If you are got indigestion and gastric problem due to food poisoning, then this is the best medicine that you can go for. Patients who suffer from gastric issues due to food poisoning will also have symptoms like nausea, vomiting, stomach pain accompanies with loose stool. Also, there is a burning sensation in the stomach and the situation increases to worsen on eating or drinking anything.
  4. Lycopodium: Often after eating of high starchy food, you may get a feeling of the heavy stomach. You may get burps that bring a burning sensation in your throat. Even after a few hours of eating the starchy food, you may feel the discomfort and upon eating only a few bites you may feel full in your stomach. This again happens due to indigestion and is a common thing. Lycopodium is the best medicine for such issue.
  5. Carbo Veg: It is not necessary that indigestion will only affect your stomach. Also, there are cases when you may get trouble pain at other parts of the body such as head due to gastric or indigestion. The medicine Carbo Veg helps in treating the gastric issues, bulging of the stomach and ultimately the pain in the head.

There are many other homeopathic medicines also apart from these such as Bryonia Alba, Ipecac, China and Colocynth that are also effective in cases of indigestion. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4654 people found this helpful

10 Foods You Should Never Eat Past their Expiry Date!

Diploma in Diet and Nutrition, B.Pharma, MD - Alternate Medicine
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Gurgaon
10 Foods You Should Never Eat Past their Expiry Date!

Though some foods do not expire, but it is advisable not to consume certain foods once they have expired. 

  1. Eggs: Eggs contain large amounts of nutrients per calorie. They are a cheap and tasty source of protein. It is no big surprise that they have turned into a breakfast staple; yet in case that you are eating an egg that is past its expiry date, do reconsider. These are the most widely recognized reasons for food-borne illnesses.
  2. Meat: Bacteria are common in both pre-packaged meats, and in the pieces you take from your butcher at the market. The listeria bacteria are especially hazardous, as the type of harm it causes can be lethal in most of the cases. From a general outlook, it is best to avoid processed meat.
  3. Mixed greens: Mixed greens including spinach, arugula, spring blend, bundled plate of mixed greens lettuce and other veggies do not keep extremely well after their due date. So if their withered appearance and disgusting covering does not turn you off, think about the bacteria and pathogens hiding underneath your sandwich bread.
  4. Hay sprouts: It is important that you use them rapidly once you get them, since they tend to be bacteria magnets. Truth be told, hay pulls in a greater number of germs than other vegetables, particularly in case you abandon them unrefrigerated.
  5. Clams/oysters: Bad oysters can be fatal. This is based on the type of microscopic organisms that develop in spoiled oysters. It is known as V. vulnificus. It causes an extreme type of food poisoning. V. vulnificus bacteria affects the circulatory system, sending the body into a septic shock.
  6. Shrimp: Much like clams and shellfish, shrimps are extremely inclined to bacterial contaminations. It is not to be consumed after a while since it can lead to food poisoning or diarrhea.
  7. Crude ground beef: E. coli bacteria are the most basic reason for food poisoning. These bacteria originate from the animal’s digestive systems and are available in all hamburger items. In case that the hamburger is prepared and taken care of securely, it will not turn into a problem.
  8. Berries: When berries turn sour, they pull in extensive amounts of cyclospora, a kind of bacteria that leads to food poisoning. While this sort of food poisoning is not as harmful as some others, it is something you definitely need to stay away from.
  9. Soft cheese: With hard cheeses, similar to cheddar, it is regularly safe to remove the external edges and eat the soft cheese underneath. However, this practice does not reach out to soft cheeses, similar to brie. In case you are discovering mold on the edges of your soft cheese, do not eat it. You may end up with an infection.
  10. Chicken: Poultry items, including chicken tend to cause the maximum harm in case that they are not taken care of and cooked properly. Undercooked and old chicken can be very unsafe for health.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

6017 people found this helpful

7 Foods You Should Never Reheat!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Jalgaon
7 Foods You Should Never Reheat!

Yummy delicious food definitely has the potential to make you drool and most foods taste best when served hot. Another common habit that most people have is that of reheating the food, before eating. But have you ever given it a thought that it can be a highly unhealthy practice? Yes, you read it right, it is the most unhealthy practice, especially when it comes to certain foods. 

A quick list of foods is mentioned below, which should never be reheated :

  1. Mushrooms: Mushrooms can enhance the taste of any dish and it is common that the leftovers are stored aside to be savored the next day. This unknown mistake can cost you dearly. Mushrooms are a rich source of protein. On reheating, some of the proteins break drown, which not only changes the flavor of the food but also produces certain toxins. These toxins can lead to upset stomach and digestive problems. Eating reheated mushroom repeatedly can even result in cardiac problems.
  2. Chicken: Having chicken on this list can be quite a heartbreak, as many people use the cooked chicken for 2-3 days. Again, chicken is another excellent source of protein and reheating it will produce toxins, which can result in health complications such as digestive problems. If you want to stay healthy, avoid reheating the cooked chicken.
  3. Celery and spinach: Spinach and celery are both commonly used in soups and are rich in nitrates. Therefore, when you reheat the soup to make it more palatable, the nitrates present in the ingredients are converted to nitrites. Nitrite is carcinogenic in nature and is actually toxic to the body. Thus, you must never reheat any dish containing celery, spinach and other nitrate-rich foods like turnips, beet, and carrots.
  4. Eggs: Seldom will you find a person who does not like eggs. Be it breakfast, lunch or dinner, eggs can be consumed as boiled, scrambled or in form of a curry. Like chicken, meat and mushrooms, eggs are an excellent source of proteins, which is a reason enough to include them in your diet. However, reheating egg preparations will destroy all the associated health benefits, as the protein in the egg deteriorates it can lead to digestive problems. The best idea would be to prepare the dish and have it immediately.
  5. Rice: Almost everyone reheats the rice before eating with the belief that having cold rice can cause health problems. This is a misconception that will do you no good. Cooked rice should be eaten immediately. It is believed that uncooked rice contains bacterial spores that often causes food poisoning. When you keep the cooked rice unrefrigerated at room temperature, these spores undergo rapid multiplication. Reheating will do the spores no harm. If you want to store cooked rice, always refrigerate it.
  6. Potatoes:  Storing the cooked potatoes at room temperature can act as a catalyst in enhancing the growth of Clostridium botulinum, a bacterium responsible for botulism (a type of food poisoning that can result in flaccid paralysis of muscles). Thus, if you have to consume them at a later stage, its best to refrigerate them and not leave them at room temperature.
  7. Oil: Certain oils such as avocado, grapeseeds, walnut and hazelnut can become smelly with an unpleasant taste when reheated, as these have a low smoke point. Oils when heated above the point of 375 degrees F, they produce a toxin 4-hydroxy-2-trans-nonenal or HNE, which can increase the bad cholesterol i.e LDL, thus increasing the risk of heart diseases.

It is evident that reheating certain foods can be a slow poison to your health, thus avoid reheating foods as much as possible. In case you a concern consult an expert and get your answers.

14321 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I think I had some kind of food poisoning. Whatever I eat, I vomit. I have headaches and stomach ache and feel weakness. Please suggest.

General Physician, Delhi
Seems like an intestinal infection. Firstly just put yourself on a liquid diet only. Take Cap RABLET D One cap twice a day. Once your vomiting stops you can consult and medicines will have to be taken for a prescribed period.
1 person found this helpful

My stomach is paining. Am I suffering from food poisoning. What are the symptoms of food poisoning.

MD , MBBS
General Physician, Bhavnagar
Hello welcome to the Lybrate In food poisoning diarrhea, abdominal pain and vomiting like symptoms present. To know exact cause stool routine micro examination and occult blood test done. You can provide reports for giving more comment Hope this will help you.

I had severe stomach pain and vomited nearly 7-8 times. Later I found that I was food poisoning. Please suggest some remedies.

MBBS
General Physician, Greater Noida
Hello, for gastroenteritis or food poisoning 1. Bland diet, no milk products 2. ORS 3. One appropriate antibiotic 4. Maintain personal hygiene 5. Video consultation with us.

Table of Content

What is Food Poisining?

Campylobacter

Salmonella

Shigella

Play video
Food Adulteration
Adulteration is a legal term meaning that a food product fails to meet the legal standards. One form of adulteration is an addition of another substance to a food item in order to increase the quantity of the food item in raw form or prepared form, which may result in the loss of actual quality of food item. Its important to understand how can we protect ourselves from consuming adulterated food.
Play video
Healthy Food for Stomach
Here are food list for healthy Stomach

Hi, I am Dr. Vandana Verma, a clinical nutritionist, and a physical therapist. I excel in weight loss management but also deal with therapeutic diets for patients struggling with metabolic disorders. I am the founder of Fitness For All, Gurgaon. Today I am going to tell you about few food products which can help you in maintaining a healthy gut.

A stomach is the hub of all the problems. So, if we have a healthy gut, we have a healthy life. So what are the food products which can help us have a healthy stomach? The first category of food which can help us in having a healthy gut is citrus fruits, fibrous foods, and leafy vegetables. So, at least to 20 to 25% of fiber is needed in a day for us to have a good gut. What are the foods which are rich in fiber which you can consume in a day? The foods are peanuts, cauliflower, carrots, beans, broccoli and wheat bran can add a good amount of fiber in your gut. Also, if you start having a smaller portion of fiber every day and drink lots of water, then over a period of time you can increase the fiber content in your diet. Then eating light green, dark green and yellow colored green leafy vegetables also make a lot of difference in your lining of the gut because they are very rich in beta carotene and Vitamin C and E.

Now, the second thing is that you should add a lot of prebiotics and probiotics in your diet. So how do we do that? Almost 100 filling bacteria are there in our gut at a given point of time. So what is important is to increase the ratio of the good bacteria over the bad bacteria. So, yogurt is a very good probiotic which everybody is aware of. To support the probiotic bacteria we need to have a lot of prebiotics which naturally are there with the probiotics. So, foods like ginger, onions, honey, avocado, and banana are the good pre biotics which can be had in the day. Choose food that suit. Try having food called carminatives that help to relieve gas in your stomach, for example, cumin. It is very important to add cumin while you are making black beans.

Similarly, ginger is a proven anti-nausea tic. So pregnant women can very safely have ginger whenever they feel a lot of nausea, then, peppermint leaves relief digestive disorders and relax the stomach linings. Eat food to flatten your tummy. If you lose weight, your GI tract will have fewer loads on it. Also, your acid reflux, acidity problems, and constipations, all these problems, if you are facing any of them will be relieved. I am sure by adding these food components in your diet you can have a healthy gut very soon.

In case you are struggling with obesity or any metabolic disorders and seeking professional help, you can contact me on Lybrate.
Play video
Start healthy regime with 3 simple, quick changes in food habits
Getting started isn t difficult. You just need to do it right. Eat healthy to stay healthy.
Play video
Watch What Happens When You Drink Water Along With Your Food. It'll Leave You Thinking!
Sit at the dinner table, and you'd find yourself invariably extending your hand to the glass of water on the side of your plate. While you may think it's absolutely necessary to have a glass of water during your meals, the truth is this habit of yours might be damaging your health. Read on to find out how.

1. It dilutes your gastric juices -
When the digestive acids (acids responsible for the digestion and breakdown of food as well as for killing infectious agents ingested with food) present in your stomach are diluted with water, they bring about a slowdown in the functioning of your entire digestive system. This slowdown results in food remaining lodged in your stomach for a longer period than normal, thereby causing indigestion.

Additionally, the reaction caused by the dilution of water and stomach acids can give rise to cramps in your tummy.

2. It reduces the saliva in your mouth -
The same thing that happens to the acids in your stomach, happens to your saliva as well. Water dilutes the saliva, which stops the breakdown of food in your mouth. Also, your saliva is responsible for stimulating your stomach to release digestive enzymes and prepare itself for the process of digestion. By drinking water with your meals, such signals sent by your saliva to your stomach become much weaker. All these together can make digestion very difficult.

3. It causes acidity -
Studies show that drinking water with your meals not only leads to the dilution of digestive enzymes, but also brings about a reduction in the secretion of digestive enzymes. This causes the undigested food in your stomach to leak into the lower part of your oesophagus (food pipe), causing acidity and heart burn.

4. It increases insulin production -
Sipping on water in the middle of lunch (or any other meal for that matter) causes a spike in your insulin levels just as glycaemic foods (foods with high starch or sugar content such as honey, potatoes, white bread, rice to name a few) would. When your body is unable to digest food properly, it usually tends to convert the glucose filled part of that food into fat and stores it, reason why your blood sugar levels see an upsurge.

5. It adds to your weight -
Since drinking water causes an increase in insulin levels in your body (as the food you eat is converted to fat), it can result in the piling of extra weight on your body. This is because a weak digestive system is one of the major causes behind obesity.

Try having your meals with less salt and drink water 30 minutes before each meal to control your thirst when you're eating. This can help you in controlling the negative effects that drinking water with your meals can have on your health.

Make a wise choice and stay healthy. Feel free to ask me more questions you might have.
Play video
How to Lose Weight?
Which type of food helps to Lose Weight?
Which type of food helps to Lose Weight?

I am Lokendra Tomar. I am weight loss and wellness coach. I believe in sharing true knowledge so that you can take care of your own health and live a disease free life. I believe that food is the best medicine. Nowadays, for people who want to lose weight, the whole theory of weight loss is built around a lot exercise a lot of hard work and the truth is the secret of weight loss is not heavy exercise but the food you eat, because what you eat will decide how much your weight will be. So for the people those who want to lose weight there are few things which will help you in losing weight.

So when we talk about the right food that means the kind of food you should eat.

number one, food you should eat everyday is raw food. Raw food, uncooked food, unprocessed food they carry their Vitamins, minerals and enzymes along with them. So the digestion and metabolism of these foods are very easy as these foods carry their own digestive enzymes, i.e self digestive enzymes. When they go inside the body they don t utilize your mechanism much of your minerals and vitamins from your body. They digest themselves. So eating raw food helps in losing weight.

Second most important food is the low carbohydrate food. Carbohydrate means sugar, so food which have high amount of carbohydrate means they have high amount of sugar, and this sugar increases insulin hormone in the body. Higher amount of insulin means high fat gain in the body. So reduce the carbohydrate, reduce the insulin and you will immediately start losing weight. So just focus on your food, not much on exercise, because the secret of weight loss is what you eat not how much you exercise.

If you want to lose weight you can take my online consultation on Lybrate or you can come to my clinic for personal consultation.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice