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Dysentery - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Dysentery?

Dysentery is a medical condition which is characterized by an intestinal inflammation inside the colon which can result to chronic diarrhea with blood or mucus in the feces.Dysentery can be fatal and can also cause death due to dehydration if the lost fluids from the body is not replaced quickly.

Types of dysentery:

  • Bacillary dysentery- This disorder is caused by a bacterium knows as ‘Shigella.’ Bacillary dysentery is more common in the USA and Western Europe.
  • Amoebic dysentery (amoebiasis)- This form of dysentery is caused by an amoeba known as ‘Entamoeba histolytica.’ It mostly affects people living in the tropics.

Dysentery is more common in children below the age of 11 years old and people living in the developing nations.

What causes dysentery?

Poor or bad hygiene is the leading cause of dysentery. Bacillary dysentery is usually spread by infected food or beverage. Whereas, the amoeba which causes amoebic dysentery comes out in the form of cysts while passing stool. In areas where there is bad sanitation and hygiene, these cysts contaminate water and food. People who come in contact with these food products get infected with this amoeba immediately and develop amoebic dysentery. These cysts can also be found in the hands of the infected people after going to the toilet. Therefore, it is important to maintain personal hygiene so that the infection doesn’t spread to others.

Diagnosis:

The doctor or a general practitioner should be consulted if you develop symptoms of dysentery. He doctor will usually carry a physical examination. A stool sample is taken and sent for lab testing for analyzing if you have dysentery or not. Sometimes, the symptoms might be severe, in such cases an endoscopy or an ultrasound is performed.

Treatment for dysentery:

  • Rehydration therapy- This is usually carried out by using oral rehydration. During dysentery the patient experiences loss of fluids from the body. therefore, he/she is encouraged to drink plenty of water. If the dehydration is chronic, then the medical specialist usually recommends intravenous fluid replacement (drip is given to the patient).
  • Amoebicidal drugs or antibiotics- According to doctors, the use of amoebicidal drugs and antibiotics can kill the bacterium or amoeba which causes dysentery. If a person is diagnosed with bacillary dysentery, he/she doesn’t require amoebicidal or antibiotics.
  • Antirheumatic drugs- Infections that cause dysentery in humans can be cured by Antirheumatic drugs. This form of medication is available easily and is also quite economical.
Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Abdominal pain and cramps. Fever and malaise. Bloody diarrhoea.

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Popular Questions & Answers

I am a 44 years housewife having chronic aemebiosis problem last 10 years I lost 10 kg weight. I am diabetic taking and and insulin also taking thyroid medicine. Now I am very much depressed .kindly suggest.

Lybrate-user ji, Thanks for the query. I only understand that you have diabetes, amoebiasis and probably hypothyroidism. But there are no details about blood glucose levels, HbA1c%, TSH T3 & T4 levels. No report on amoebiasis, treatment details et...
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What would be the best treatment for chronic dysentery homeopathy, allopathy or ayurvedic facing problem since 3 month all the reports are normal also.

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Table of Content

What is Dysentery?

Types of dysentery:

What causes dysentery?

Diagnosis:

Treatment for dysentery: