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Overview

Ultrasound - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

An ultrasound is a device that uses sonar and radio technology to create live images of the insides of our body. A sonography is a medical test that is conducted using an ultrasound device.

Sonography is most commonly associated with fetal imaging, to show pregnant women images of their unborn babies. However, this medical test is used in the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases and conditions as well. Usually, this test is done externally, but in some cases, an ultrasound device is placed inside the body.

Medical professionals use an ultrasound device during biopsy procedures. The live images from sonography help them to navigate with precision. With pregnancy, the images from the ultrasound can help the doctor to monitor the fetus growing within the mother’s womb. Certain birth defects, the sex of the baby, weight of the baby and any potential issue can be determined using ultrasound imaging.

Ultrasound imaging can also be used in the diagnosis of certain conditions. It is used to examine conditions related to organs such as the bladder, ovaries, spleen, kidneys, liver, thyroid, uterus, testicles, eyes and blood vessels. However, using sonography for diagnosis and treatment has its limitations.

How is the treatment done?

Ultrasound tests are usually painless since they do not involve making incisions or getting injections. The ultrasound imaging is also safe as there is no radiation involved. Thus, it is ideal to examine the fetus during pregnancy. For a sonography, the doctor might recommend a12 hour fast and sufficient consumption of water before the test.

In an external ultrasound, the transducer is moved over the body part that requires examining. The ultrasound technician will first apply a gel over the area being examined. This gel lubricates the skin and the transducer is placed over the uterus to examine the fetus. This test can also be used to examine the gallbladder to detect a gallbladder disease or to examine a lump in the breast to diagnose cancer.

In an internal ultrasound, a transducer wand is used to probe the vagina for women and the rectum for men. This ultrasound imaging test helps in the diagnosis of abnormalities of the genitals. It is also used to diagnose certain types of cancer like that of the reproductive organs. Doctors use an internal ultrasound to examine the ovaries, uterus, certain glands or the prostate.

The third type of ultrasound imaging is conducted using a transducer probe. This endoscope is inserted through the mouth to probe the esophagus and examine it along with the stomach or the heart. The doctor will provide a sedative medication so that the patient does not feel any discomfort or pain during the procedure.

The procedure lasts from 30 to 45 minutes. After the examination is complete, the technician or doctor will wipe away the gel to end the procedure.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

In the following cases, the doctor will recommend an ultrasound test:

  • To examine lumps in the breast.
  • A sonography is recommended for pregnant women to monitor the unborn baby; in order to determine the sex of the baby and to detect any birth defects.
  • An ultrasound will be recommended to diagnose whether or not you have gallbladder disease.
  • To detect ovarian cysts
  • For men, an ultrasound test helps to detect any abnormality in the genitals, prostate or rectum.
  • The doctor can recommend a Doppler ultrasound to detect problems with blood flow and to examine the blood vessels.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

An ultrasound examination is usually a relatively painless procedure that can be safely used even for a fetus in the womb. There are very few times that an ultrasound may not be recommended.

For instance, if a patient is overweight, the imaging may be unclear. This occurs because it is difficult for the high-frequency sound waves to pass through the excess of tissue. In these cases, the doctor might recommend an MRI or an X-ray instead.

The sound waves weaken as they pass through bones of high density. Thus, to examine the insides of the bone structure, an ultrasound might not suffice. The doctor will use another type of imaging equipment.

Are there any side effects?

With an ultrasound, there is no exposure to ionizing radiation. Therefore, patients are rarely at risks with an ultrasound test. In external ultrasounds, the patients do not experience any side effect. However, the possible side effects of an internal ultrasound are a pain, discomfort and minor risk of internal bleeding. On the whole, ultrasound tests are safe.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The procedure of an ultrasound takes approximately half an hour after which you will be able to leave and resume activities. The results of the test will then be interpreted and revealed to you, either by a general physician or a trained ultrasound technician. If this test helps to diagnose the condition, the doctor will then suggest commencing the treatment process.

If the condition requires further evaluation, the trained medical professional will then recommend that you undergo other tests such as an X-ray, MRI or CT scan. Then based on the findings from these tests along with the ultrasound, your condition will be diagnosed. Follow-up examinations might be recommended to monitor any alteration in the condition.

How long does it take to recover?

The ultrasound procedure is a medical imaging test with little to no risks or complications. Hence, there is no recovery process. You can resume normal activities as soon as the procedure is complete.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of an ultrasound exam in India ranges from Rs 1000 to Rs 3000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

An ultrasound exam is a medical test. This procedure is used in diagnostics but does not treat conditions. Therefore, there can be neither a permanent nor a temporary result.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

In some cases, an ultrasound might not provide a clear enough image and it has certain limitations. The doctor might recommend an X-ray, MRI, PET or CT scan as an alternative.

Safety: Very High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Very Low Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: Very Low Price Range: Rs. 1000 - Rs. 3000

Popular Health Tips

Non-invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) Test - How it is Beneficial?

Dr. Kaberi Banerjee 88% (233 ratings)
MRCOG, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MBBS
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Non-invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) Test - How it is Beneficial?
Today, prenatal testing can help pinpoint your unborn child s risk to a number of genetic conditions. NIPT or non-invasive prenatal testing is a modern form of prenatal testing that does not harm the mother or child. NIPT involves a simple blood test that can be performed as an outpatient procedure in any doctor s office. Blood for this test is collected from a vein in the mother s arm. The DNA from this blood sample is then studied in a laboratory to look for signs of abnormalities. These results are them compared to your first trimester ultrasound results to determine if further testing is required. There are a number of advantages to this form of testing Highly Accurate: NIPT results are said to be accurate in 99% cases. This clears doubts about chromosomal abnormalities and helps parents to be deal with problems in their unborn children. For example, NIPT testing can be used to diagnose problems like Down syndrome. NIPT also decreases the need for other forms of invasive prenatal testing. Safe: NIPT is noninvasive and does not harm the health of the baby or the mother. Since it involves only a simple blood test, it does not cause pain or discomfort either. It also has no connection to miscarriages. Pregnant woman above the age of 35 and those who have had an ultrasound showing an increased risk of aneuploidy or those who have a history of trisomy can benefit from this form of pre-natal testing. The only known alternative to this form of testing involves withdrawing DNA samples from the amniotic sac with the help of a needle. This form of testing can result in a miscarriage in rare cases. Comfortable: Unlike prenatal tests that require precision while withdrawing DNA from the amniotic sac, the NIPT requires far less expertise. This makes women much more comfortable undergoing this form of testing as compared to the other. Early Diagnosis: With prenatal testing parents do not have to wait till a baby is born to find out if he or she suffers from any genetic complications. NIPT can be scheduled as early as 10 weeks into the pregnancy and hence gives the parents enough time to prepare themselves to deal with the issue if any. However, you should remember that NIPT cannot be used to replace diagnostic tests such as amniocentesis. Also, it does not detect all chromosomal abnormalities.
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Fetal Ultrasound!

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Fetal Ultrasound!
Fetal Ultrasound What is fetal ultrasound? Fetal ultrasound is a test used during pregnancy. It creates an image of the baby in the mother's womb (uterus). It s a safe way to check the health of an unborn baby. During a fetal ultrasound, the baby s heart, head, and spine are evaluated, along with other parts of the baby. The test may be done either on the mother s abdomen (transabdominal) or in the vagina (transvaginal). There are several types of fetal ultrasound: Standard ultrasound. The test uses sound waves to create two-dimensional images on a computer screen. Doppler ultrasound. This test shows the movement of blood through the umbilical cord, in the baby s heart, or between the baby and the placenta. 3-D ultrasound. This test shows a lifelike image of an unborn baby. Ultrasound uses an electronic wand called a transducer to send and receive sound waves. No radiation is used during the procedure. The transducer is moved over the abdomen, and sound waves move through the skin, muscle, bone, and fluids at different speeds. The sound waves bounce off the baby like an echo and return to the transducer. The transducer converts the sound waves into an electronic image on a computer screen. Why might I need fetal ultrasound? Fetal ultrasound is a routine part of prenatal care in the U.S. This is because it s a low risk procedure that gives important information. A routine prenatal ultrasound can check for defects or other problems in the fetus. The following can be examined: Abdomen and stomach Arms, legs, and other body parts Back of the neck Head and brain Heart chambers and valves Kidneys Placenta placement Spine Umbilical cord Urinary bladder A fetal ultrasound can also show: If a woman is pregnant with multiple babies The gestational age of a baby Where to place the needle during removal of amniotic fluid (amniocentesis) Whether a feus is growing properly Your healthcare provider may have other reasons to request a fetal ultrasound. What are the risks of fetal ultrasound? All procedures have some risks. The risks of this procedure include: Mild discomfort from the transducer on the abdomen or in the vagina Reaction to a latex covering for the transducer, if you have a latex allergy In some cases, an ultrasound may appear to show a problem that is not there called false-positive. The test can also miss a problem that is there called false-negative. In some cases, additional testing may be needed after a fetal ultrasound. Fetal ultrasound is sometimes offered in nonmedical settings. This is done as a way to give keepsake images or videos for parents. In these cases, it s possible for untrained staff to misread the images and give parents incorrect information. Make sure to have fetal ultrasound done by trained medical staff. Talk with your healthcare provider if you have questions. Your risks may vary depending on your general health and other factors. Ask your healthcare provider which risks apply most to you. Discuss any concerns you may have.
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Ways to Treat Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Noida
Ways to Treat Heavy Menstrual Bleeding
Every woman has a unique system, especially when it comes to matters like menstrual cycles and pregnancy. There are some women who go through normal bleeding while for others, it may be less than ideal. Also, there are women who may experience a condition known as Menorrhagia which is characterised by excessively heavy bleeding during menstrual cycles. Cramping and bleeding for longer than a week are the most common symptoms of this condition. Here are ways to treat this condition. 1. Basis of Treatment: The main cause will dictate the basis of treatment for this condition. Your overall medical history and state of health will be taken into account along with the future of your childbearing plans. The gynaecologist will also study the effect of this condition on your lifestyle and examine your tolerance towards certain supplements and medicines. 2. Medication: The doctor may prescribe iron supplements in case of anaemia due to the condition. Further, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs like naproxen and ibuprofen may be prescribed too. Oral contraceptives and progesterone are also helpful in such cases while Tranexamic acid can reduce the excessive blood loss. The doctor may also insert an intrauterine device to release levonorgestrel to make the uterine lining thin. 3. Dilation and Curettage: The doctor will dilate or open up your cervix in this procedure to suction away tissue from the uterine lining. One may need additional sessions if the condition recurs. 4. Focused Ultrasound Ablation: This procedure aims at treating the excessive bleeding by shrinking the fibroids that may be causing the same. This is also similar to a procedure known as uterine artery embolisation which blocks the uterine arteries in order to shrink these fibroids. 5. Myomectomy: In this procedure, the doctor will surgically extract those fibroids which are causing the excessive bleeding during menstrual cycles. The procedure is conducted either through laparoscopy or incisions in the vagina and cervix, depending on the size, location and number of fibroids. 6. Endometrial Ablation: Using this procedure, the doctor will permanently do away with the lining of the uterus, which is also known as the endometrium. This will be done by inserting an electrosurgical wire loop to remove the lining. Pregnancy is usually not recommended after this surgery. 7. Hysterectomy: This is a surgical procedure that is recommended for very severe cases. In this procedure, the doctor will surgically remove the uterus as well as the cervix. This is a permanent procedure that will put an end to the menstrual periods altogether. The procedure will be conducted by administering anaesthesia first, and will require hospitalisation as well. The doctor may also remove the ovaries of the patient with this procedure for premature menopause.
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What You Need to Know About Clubfoot?

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
What You Need to Know About Clubfoot?
What You Need to Know About Clubfoot? Clubfoot most often presents at birth. Clubfoot is caused by a shortened Achilles tendon, which causes the foot to turn in and under. Clubfoot is twice as common in boys. Treatment is necessary to correct clubfoot and is usually done in two phases casting and bracing. Children with clubfoot should be able to take part in regular daily activities once the condition is treated. What is clubfoot? Clubfoot is a foot deformity classified into three different types: idiopathic (unknown cause), neurogenic (caused by condition of the nervous system) and syndromic (related to an underlying syndrome). Idiopathic Clubfoot Also known as talipes equinovarus, idiopathic clubfoot is the most common type of clubfoot and is present at birth. This congenital anomaly is seen in one out of every 1,000 babies, with half of the cases of club foot involving only one foot. There is currently no known cause of idiopathic clubfoot, but baby boys are twice as likely to have clubfoot compared to baby girls. Neurogenic Clubfoot Neurogenic clubfoot is caused by an underlying neurologic condition. For instance, a child born with spina bifida A clubfoot may also develop later in childhood due to cerebral palsy or a spinal cord compression. Syndromic Clubfoot Syndromic clubfoot is found along with a number of other clinical conditions, which relate to an underlying syndrome. Examples of syndromes where a clubfoot can occur include arthrogryposis, constriction band syndrome, tibial hemimelia and diastrophic dwarfism. What are the signs and symptoms of clubfoot? In a clubfoot, the Achilles tendon is too short, causing the foot to stay pointed also known as fixing the foot in equinus. The foot is also turned in and under. The bones of the foot and ankle are all present but are misaligned due to differences in the muscles and tendons acting on the foot. What are the risk factors of clubfoot? Having a parent or sibling with clubfoot Maternal smoking during pregnancy Male Clubfoot Diagnosis Foot imbalance due to clubfoot may be noticed during a fetal screening ultrasound as early as 12 weeks gestation, but the diagnosis of clubfoot is confirmed by physical exam at birth. Clubfoot Treatment The treatment for clubfoot consists of two phases: Ponseti serial casting and bracing. Treatment is always necessary, because the condition does not get better with growth. Ponseti Serial Casting The Ponseti technique of serial casting is a treatment method that involves careful stretching and manipulation of the foot and holding with a cast. The first cast is applied one to two weeks after the baby is born. The cast is then changed in the office every seven to 10 days. With the fourth or fifth cast, a small in-office procedure is also needed to lengthen the Achilles tendon. This is done using a local numbing medicine and small blade. Afterward, the baby is placed into one last cast, which remains on for two to three weeks. Bracing for Clubfoot While the casting corrects the foot deformity, bracing maintains the correction. Without bracing, the clubfoot would redevelop. The day the last cast is removed, the baby is fit in a supramalleolar orthosis with a bar. These braces are worn 23 hours a day for two months, then 12 hours a day (naps plus nighttime) until kindergarten age. Life after Treatment of Clubfoot A well-corrected clubfoot looks no different than a normal foot. Sports, dance and normal daytime footwear are the expectations for a child born with a clubfoot. This condition will not hold a child back from normal activities.
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Heavy Bleeding - 4 Ways to Manage!

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Heavy bleeding during menses.... What should you know? Heavy or prolonged bleeding during menses is medically known as 'menorrhagia'. It is more common as you approach menopause but can occur at any age. The bleeding has to be severe enough to interfere with your daily activities. The cause could be hormonal, pregnancy complications, bleeding disorder or a structural lesion like a fibroid, polyp, endometriosis or adenomyosis. In advanced age cancer of the uterus or cervix has to be ruled out. Symptoms of heavy periods - soaking a pad or tampon every 2-3 hrs or less in a day - passage large blood clots during menstruation - your period lasts more than seven days - you become anemic due to excessive blood loss How to manage excessive bleeding 1. Maintain a record of the no of days and pattern of heavy bleeding. 2. Increase your intake of fluids and salt You should increase your intake of fluids and especially salty fluids during heavy menstruation. You can have vegetable juices like tomato juice as well as salty broths during such times. This will help you especially when your blood volume goes down (which is characterized by dizziness or pounding of heart) when you get up after lying down. Your body would need more than four to six cups on such a day. 3. Increase the intake of iron Increase your iron intake through natural sources like green vegetables, egg yolks, red meat, liver and dried fruits like raisins and prunes. You can also start an iron tablet once a day for faster recovery from anemia 4. Visit your gynecologist A good history, few blood tests, and a simple ultrasound generally leads to the diagnosis. Sometimes a biopsy is required to rule out cancer. Multiple new drugs have been added in the last few years which have avoided the need for surgery An early diagnosis ends up with better results. Hence, it is important to act early If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'consult'. Related Tip: 7 causes of heavy menstrual bleeding women need to know about
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Popular Questions & Answers

Is it possible cirrhosis or fibrosis with normal ultrasound and normal LFT test? Please reply some one.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (1804 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath,
Cirrhosis and fibrosis can be determined by symptoms as well as by ultrasound also,,best way to know is ct scan abdomen,,lft can indicate cirrhosis also

Maine apni bhabhi ka ultrasound karaya toh usme cholecystitis ,pid aaya hai what is this koi khatra vali baat toh nhi hai tell me.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (1804 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath,
Cholecystitis means inflammation of gall bladder yes it can leads to gall stone and also can cause severe pain abdomen soo she needs treatment, by homoeopathic treatment it is very much curable, soo you can contact me through Lybrate in private consultation soo that I can start treatment, tell her to avoid fatty food and spicy food.

Sir before 4 days I know that I have 18 mm gallstone by ultrasound can I should surgery after 15 days ,it is ok.

Dr. Monika Gaur 92% (79 ratings)
MD
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It may pain anytym if it stuck in the neck of gall bladder ,otherwise you can wait! Generally patients can wait for 5-6 days, so no worries!
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Hi, Is any scanning really required during the end of 3rd month of pregnancy. Is it mandatory to take scanning at the end of 3rd month pregnancy.

Dr. Darshan Jain 87% (17 ratings)
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Yes it is important to undergo scanning at the end of 3rd month for some important parameters. Thank you

Mere Nabhi key left main upar side Ko Dard ho Raha hai Kafe din se ye Kaya ho Sakta hai jaise kuch chubhta hai. ultra sound main kuch nahin Aya hai.

Dr. Suresh Chhatwani 93% (2557 ratings)
MBBS
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It can be muscle pain or due to indigestion. Details of symptoms like vomiting and diarrhea or fullness after meal duration of it and reports required for proper scientific suggestions. Feel free to ask privately with details for more scientific suggestions.
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