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Overview

Ultrasound - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

An ultrasound is a device that uses sonar and radio technology to create live images of the insides of our body. A sonography is a medical test that is conducted using an ultrasound device.

Sonography is most commonly associated with fetal imaging, to show pregnant women images of their unborn babies. However, this medical test is used in the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases and conditions as well. Usually, this test is done externally, but in some cases, an ultrasound device is placed inside the body.

Medical professionals use an ultrasound device during biopsy procedures. The live images from sonography help them to navigate with precision. With pregnancy, the images from the ultrasound can help the doctor to monitor the fetus growing within the mother’s womb. Certain birth defects, the sex of the baby, weight of the baby and any potential issue can be determined using ultrasound imaging.

Ultrasound imaging can also be used in the diagnosis of certain conditions. It is used to examine conditions related to organs such as the bladder, ovaries, spleen, kidneys, liver, thyroid, uterus, testicles, eyes and blood vessels. However, using sonography for diagnosis and treatment has its limitations.

How is the treatment done?

Ultrasound tests are usually painless since they do not involve making incisions or getting injections. The ultrasound imaging is also safe as there is no radiation involved. Thus, it is ideal to examine the fetus during pregnancy. For a sonography, the doctor might recommend a12 hour fast and sufficient consumption of water before the test.

In an external ultrasound, the transducer is moved over the body part that requires examining. The ultrasound technician will first apply a gel over the area being examined. This gel lubricates the skin and the transducer is placed over the uterus to examine the fetus. This test can also be used to examine the gallbladder to detect a gallbladder disease or to examine a lump in the breast to diagnose cancer.

In an internal ultrasound, a transducer wand is used to probe the vagina for women and the rectum for men. This ultrasound imaging test helps in the diagnosis of abnormalities of the genitals. It is also used to diagnose certain types of cancer like that of the reproductive organs. Doctors use an internal ultrasound to examine the ovaries, uterus, certain glands or the prostate.

The third type of ultrasound imaging is conducted using a transducer probe. This endoscope is inserted through the mouth to probe the esophagus and examine it along with the stomach or the heart. The doctor will provide a sedative medication so that the patient does not feel any discomfort or pain during the procedure.

The procedure lasts from 30 to 45 minutes. After the examination is complete, the technician or doctor will wipe away the gel to end the procedure.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

In the following cases, the doctor will recommend an ultrasound test:

  • To examine lumps in the breast.
  • A sonography is recommended for pregnant women to monitor the unborn baby; in order to determine the sex of the baby and to detect any birth defects.
  • An ultrasound will be recommended to diagnose whether or not you have gallbladder disease.
  • To detect ovarian cysts
  • For men, an ultrasound test helps to detect any abnormality in the genitals, prostate or rectum.
  • The doctor can recommend a Doppler ultrasound to detect problems with blood flow and to examine the blood vessels.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

An ultrasound examination is usually a relatively painless procedure that can be safely used even for a fetus in the womb. There are very few times that an ultrasound may not be recommended.

For instance, if a patient is overweight, the imaging may be unclear. This occurs because it is difficult for the high-frequency sound waves to pass through the excess of tissue. In these cases, the doctor might recommend an MRI or an X-ray instead.

The sound waves weaken as they pass through bones of high density. Thus, to examine the insides of the bone structure, an ultrasound might not suffice. The doctor will use another type of imaging equipment.

Are there any side effects?

With an ultrasound, there is no exposure to ionizing radiation. Therefore, patients are rarely at risks with an ultrasound test. In external ultrasounds, the patients do not experience any side effect. However, the possible side effects of an internal ultrasound are a pain, discomfort and minor risk of internal bleeding. On the whole, ultrasound tests are safe.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The procedure of an ultrasound takes approximately half an hour after which you will be able to leave and resume activities. The results of the test will then be interpreted and revealed to you, either by a general physician or a trained ultrasound technician. If this test helps to diagnose the condition, the doctor will then suggest commencing the treatment process.

If the condition requires further evaluation, the trained medical professional will then recommend that you undergo other tests such as an X-ray, MRI or CT scan. Then based on the findings from these tests along with the ultrasound, your condition will be diagnosed. Follow-up examinations might be recommended to monitor any alteration in the condition.

How long does it take to recover?

The ultrasound procedure is a medical imaging test with little to no risks or complications. Hence, there is no recovery process. You can resume normal activities as soon as the procedure is complete.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of an ultrasound exam in India ranges from Rs 1000 to Rs 3000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

An ultrasound exam is a medical test. This procedure is used in diagnostics but does not treat conditions. Therefore, there can be neither a permanent nor a temporary result.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

In some cases, an ultrasound might not provide a clear enough image and it has certain limitations. The doctor might recommend an X-ray, MRI, PET or CT scan as an alternative.

Safety: Very High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Very Low Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: Very Low Price Range: Rs. 1000 - Rs. 3000

Popular Health Tips

Thoracic Ultrasound - What You Can Expect After Undergoing It?

Dr. Mool Chand Gupta 89% (33278 ratings)
MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Thoracic Ultrasound - What You Can Expect After Undergoing It?
When your doctor suspects of the presence of extra fluid in your lungs, you might be advised for a thoracic ultrasound. What is a thoracic ultrasound and why do you need it? With a thoracic ultrasound, your doctor will be able to look at everything in the thoracic cavity and can know if your lungs, heart, and other structures in the chest are working fine. The pulmonologists can efficiently determine the lung condition even in critically ill patients using a non-invasive ultrasound technique. And, since the method is based on sound, there is no risk of exposure to potentially harmful ionizing radiation or nephron-toxic contrast dye in this case. Hence, a thoracic ultrasound has become the most preferred technique for conducting a preliminary examination or to further check and confirm a finding noted using other imaging techniques for thoracic diseases. Reasons to have a chest ultrasound The doctor usually refer an ultrasound when he or she can feel that there is some extra amount of fluid in your chest. The ultrasound can tell the physician the reason behind the deposition of excess liquid. The ultrasound would help detect the type of fluid that is present in the chest, whether it is exudate that is caused due to inflammation, an infection, or lung cancer, or whether it is transudate that is a leakage from the lymph nodes or the blood vessel. It determines the movement of the diaphragm. Chest ultrasound can be done in conjunction with other examinations like CT scan, MRI to evaluate the condition of the chest. It has to be noted that, in certain circumstances such as severe obesity and barium in your esophagus, the procedure can give an inaccurate result. Hence, it is always advisable to talk with the health care provider and share your complete medical history before undergoing this procedure to prevent such occurrences. After a Thoracic Ultrasound After the results of the ultrasound are received, the doctor can detect what the condition of your chest is at the moment. Your doctor will also confirm if the lungs have collapsed or if there is water in the lungs, or excess fluid has deposited into the lungs. Ultrasound can also reveal if you have pneumonia. A diagnosis like this does not take a long duration, and thus the ultrasound plays a significant role in expediting the treatment process. There are no hard and fast regulations to follow after the ultrasound. The physician may recommend few instructions depending on your situation. In typical cases, there is no special preparation like fasting is required and you need not be sedated during the ultrasound as well. A safe and painless method to detect the condition of the chest and the respiratory organs and the blood flow through the organs in your chest, a thoracic ultrasound is a preferred procedure that can help your doctor to diagnose your condition and decide upon the treatment method.
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Ovulation Induction - How Beneficial It Is?

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MS, MBBS
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Ovulation Induction - How Beneficial It Is?
There are a number of ways in modern day medical science for helping couples conceive, in case they are not able to do so in a natural way. Apart from IUI, IVF and other forms of artificial insemination, one such way is ovulation induction. In this procedure, the ovaries are stimulated to release an egg which can maximize the chances of natural conception, or even through IUI. This is an effective process that works well, provided there are no other infections and diseases at play. It basically works by stoking the relevant hormones with the help of tablets and injections. Let us find out more about the process. Varied Tests: Before embarking on the process, the doctor will conduct a number of tests to ensure that you are capable of conceiving by natural means or even with artificial insemination. These tests help in making sure that there are no other ailments in the picture, which may hamper the process of ovulation induction or affect the ovaries in general. Ovulation Cycle: Thereafter, the doctor will take blood samples in order to study the exact ovulation cycle that the body follows. These blood samples will be studied to measure the level of hormones at different stages so as to find out the most opportune time when the situation may be congenial for the ovulation induction to begin. A transvaginal ultrasound will also be carried out so that the doctor may study the development of follicles within the ovaries. These follicles usually line the ovaries. This ultrasound will also study the thickness and appearance of the womb s lining. The Ovulation Induction Cycle: The ovulation induction cycle will begin with tests that will happen starting from day one to day four. Once the tests have ascertained that the body is ready to go through the process with maximum chances of conception, the process will begin on fourth day. On this day, the patient will be given medication like Clomiphene Citrate. This medicine is also usually given to patients who are undergoing IUI or artificial insemination as it is said to increase the likelihood of conception. The Follicle Stimulating Hormone injection will also be given to the patient on the same day. After the Medication: Once the medication and injections have been administered, the patient will have to go through a test to study the hormone levels in the body. This usually takes place around day 10 or 11. Thereafter, two weeks later, the patient will go through an ultrasound to find out if the ovulation is about to begin. Time: While this is an effective method, one must remember that the ovulation results may take time for women who do not have normal menstrual cycles.
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Non-invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) Test - How it is Beneficial?

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MRCOG, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MBBS
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Non-invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) Test - How it is Beneficial?
Today, prenatal testing can help pinpoint your unborn child s risk to a number of genetic conditions. NIPT or non-invasive prenatal testing is a modern form of prenatal testing that does not harm the mother or child. NIPT involves a simple blood test that can be performed as an outpatient procedure in any doctor s office. Blood for this test is collected from a vein in the mother s arm. The DNA from this blood sample is then studied in a laboratory to look for signs of abnormalities. These results are them compared to your first trimester ultrasound results to determine if further testing is required. There are a number of advantages to this form of testing Highly Accurate: NIPT results are said to be accurate in 99% cases. This clears doubts about chromosomal abnormalities and helps parents to be deal with problems in their unborn children. For example, NIPT testing can be used to diagnose problems like Down syndrome. NIPT also decreases the need for other forms of invasive prenatal testing. Safe: NIPT is noninvasive and does not harm the health of the baby or the mother. Since it involves only a simple blood test, it does not cause pain or discomfort either. It also has no connection to miscarriages. Pregnant woman above the age of 35 and those who have had an ultrasound showing an increased risk of aneuploidy or those who have a history of trisomy can benefit from this form of pre-natal testing. The only known alternative to this form of testing involves withdrawing DNA samples from the amniotic sac with the help of a needle. This form of testing can result in a miscarriage in rare cases. Comfortable: Unlike prenatal tests that require precision while withdrawing DNA from the amniotic sac, the NIPT requires far less expertise. This makes women much more comfortable undergoing this form of testing as compared to the other. Early Diagnosis: With prenatal testing parents do not have to wait till a baby is born to find out if he or she suffers from any genetic complications. NIPT can be scheduled as early as 10 weeks into the pregnancy and hence gives the parents enough time to prepare themselves to deal with the issue if any. However, you should remember that NIPT cannot be used to replace diagnostic tests such as amniocentesis. Also, it does not detect all chromosomal abnormalities.
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How Radiological Evaluation Can Help In Case Of Hip Replacement?

Dr. Sudhir Pudi 92% (61 ratings)
DNB (Radio Diagnosis), MBBS
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How Radiological Evaluation Can Help In Case Of Hip Replacement?
Radiology is a special branch of medical science that uses various techniques of imaging for the diagnosis and the treatment of several types of diseases in the body. The different types of imaging techniques used in radiology are X-rays, Computerised Tomographic scan (CT Scan), ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and nuclear medicine which includes Positron Emission Tomography(PET). Role played in evaluating hip replacement Hip replacement surgeries have become extremely common in the recent times, and radiological evaluation remains the mainstay of the overall hip replacement procedure. Thus, the role played by radiology is quite significant in such situations. All the specific anatomical landmarks and the measurements are used to make sure the placement is perfect during the hip replacement surgery. Radiological imaging helps in the assessment of the following conditions that are as discussed below. The length of leg The inequality in the length of the two legs is prevalent after a hip replacement surgery which can create a great deal of discomfort and inconvenience to the patients. A greater difference in the length of the two legs increases the chances of dislocation, and this is a situation where radiological evaluation plays a crucial role. With the help of radiological imaging, the length of the legs can be made almost equal. The horizontal center of rotation In this case, horizontal center of rotation helps in the assessment of the acetabular component of the prosthesis. This is calculated by the measurement of the distance between the center of the head of the femur and the acetabular teardrop. This distance should be bilaterally equal, and it is just not possible without the help of the imaging techniques of radiology. Acetabular inclination The acetabular inclination is the angle formed between the face of the cup and the transverse axis. If the angle is less, then it results in a stable hip, but the abduction is limited. On the other hand, if the angle increases then there are high chances of dislocation of the hip. Thus, with the help of radiological evaluation, proper and effective angular inclination is given which is optimum for the patient. The stem positioning of the femur The main aim of the stem positioning of the femur in a hip replacement surgery is placing the stem in a position which is neutral within the shaft. To get a proper idea of the positioning, the imaging techniques are of utmost importance which cannot be achieved perfectly without the imaging. Thus, the crucial role the different techniques of radiological imaging plays during the overall procedure of a hip replacement surgery can be perceived. With the use of the different imaging techniques, the results obtained are closer to perfection.
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Fetal Ultrasound!

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health
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Fetal Ultrasound!
Fetal Ultrasound What is fetal ultrasound? Fetal ultrasound is a test used during pregnancy. It creates an image of the baby in the mother's womb (uterus). It s a safe way to check the health of an unborn baby. During a fetal ultrasound, the baby s heart, head, and spine are evaluated, along with other parts of the baby. The test may be done either on the mother s abdomen (transabdominal) or in the vagina (transvaginal). There are several types of fetal ultrasound: Standard ultrasound. The test uses sound waves to create two-dimensional images on a computer screen. Doppler ultrasound. This test shows the movement of blood through the umbilical cord, in the baby s heart, or between the baby and the placenta. 3-D ultrasound. This test shows a lifelike image of an unborn baby. Ultrasound uses an electronic wand called a transducer to send and receive sound waves. No radiation is used during the procedure. The transducer is moved over the abdomen, and sound waves move through the skin, muscle, bone, and fluids at different speeds. The sound waves bounce off the baby like an echo and return to the transducer. The transducer converts the sound waves into an electronic image on a computer screen. Why might I need fetal ultrasound? Fetal ultrasound is a routine part of prenatal care in the U.S. This is because it s a low risk procedure that gives important information. A routine prenatal ultrasound can check for defects or other problems in the fetus. The following can be examined: Abdomen and stomach Arms, legs, and other body parts Back of the neck Head and brain Heart chambers and valves Kidneys Placenta placement Spine Umbilical cord Urinary bladder A fetal ultrasound can also show: If a woman is pregnant with multiple babies The gestational age of a baby Where to place the needle during removal of amniotic fluid (amniocentesis) Whether a feus is growing properly Your healthcare provider may have other reasons to request a fetal ultrasound. What are the risks of fetal ultrasound? All procedures have some risks. The risks of this procedure include: Mild discomfort from the transducer on the abdomen or in the vagina Reaction to a latex covering for the transducer, if you have a latex allergy In some cases, an ultrasound may appear to show a problem that is not there called false-positive. The test can also miss a problem that is there called false-negative. In some cases, additional testing may be needed after a fetal ultrasound. Fetal ultrasound is sometimes offered in nonmedical settings. This is done as a way to give keepsake images or videos for parents. In these cases, it s possible for untrained staff to misread the images and give parents incorrect information. Make sure to have fetal ultrasound done by trained medical staff. Talk with your healthcare provider if you have questions. Your risks may vary depending on your general health and other factors. Ask your healthcare provider which risks apply most to you. Discuss any concerns you may have.
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Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, sir mujhe bawaseer hai aur abhi pichle 3 Dino se mujhe potty thodi si AATI HAI aur mai abhyaarisht PE raha hu to kya mujhe ultrasound karana chayiye.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 93% (4913 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Ek bar Kara Lena behtar he. Aur agar ap chahe to iske liye homoeopathic treatment Kara sakte hai. Usse issme permanent solution la sakte he. Consult through Lybrate.

Is it possible cirrhosis or fibrosis with normal ultrasound and normal LFT test? Please reply some one.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (2310 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath,
Cirrhosis and fibrosis can be determined by symptoms as well as by ultrasound also,,best way to know is ct scan abdomen,,lft can indicate cirrhosis also

Maine apni bhabhi ka ultrasound karaya toh usme cholecystitis ,pid aaya hai what is this koi khatra vali baat toh nhi hai tell me.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (2310 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath,
Cholecystitis means inflammation of gall bladder yes it can leads to gall stone and also can cause severe pain abdomen soo she needs treatment, by homoeopathic treatment it is very much curable, soo you can contact me through Lybrate in private consultation soo that I can start treatment, tell her to avoid fatty food and spicy food.

Sir before 4 days I know that I have 18 mm gallstone by ultrasound can I should surgery after 15 days ,it is ok.

Dr. Monika Gaur 92% (118 ratings)
MD
Radiologist, Noida
It may pain anytym if it stuck in the neck of gall bladder ,otherwise you can wait! Generally patients can wait for 5-6 days, so no worries!
2 people found this helpful

Hi, Is any scanning really required during the end of 3rd month of pregnancy. Is it mandatory to take scanning at the end of 3rd month pregnancy.

Dr. Darshan Jain 87% (19 ratings)
MBBS, DMRD, DNB, Fellow Interventional Radiology
Radiologist, Mumbai
Yes it is important to undergo scanning at the end of 3rd month for some important parameters. Thank you

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