Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Last Updated: Aug 17, 2021
Change Language

Cancer - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

About Symptoms Treatment : More about Cancer : What Experts Say :

What is Cancer?

We often ignore certain symptoms which our body presents from time to time. Sometimes these disappear on their own, while at others, they may indicate something more serious -- the nesting of cancer cells in our body. Here are a few cancer symptoms which you cannot afford to ignore:
    Unexpected weight loss
  • Bloating
  • Skin Lumps
  • Unusual Bleeding
  • Skin changes like scaling, pigmentation
  • Discomfort during swallowing food
  • White spot on tongue
  • Persistent pain or ache in the body

How does Cancer start?

Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cells in the body, the uncontrolled cell growth can be explained by old cells not dying and the simultaneous growth of abnormal cells. The accumulation of these cells leads to the formation of a tumor. Cancer can form on any part/organ of the body. The growth is of two types:

  1. Benign: It is the growth that does not invade other parts of the body or nearby organs, it stays localized at one place.
  2. Malignant: It is the growth that invades and reaches other organs of the body.

What are the very first signs of Cancer?

Some common symptoms of Cancer are:

  • Persistent cough.
  • Blood in saliva.
  • Inexplainable changes in the bowel habits.
  • Persistent diarrhoea.
  • Blood in stool.
  • Anaemia.
  • Frequent hemorrhoids.
  • Breast lump.
  • Lumps in the testicles.
  • Breast discharge.

Is Weight Gain a sign of Cancer?

Changes in weight are common during Cancer treatment, however, weight gain is no specific sign of Cancer. During the treatment, weight loss may occur due to dehydration, poor appetite, diarrhoea. Weight loss of higher than 1.3 kg in less than seven days should be reported and is taken seriously.

Weight gain during the treatment could be sometimes because of anti-cancer drugs due to fluid retention. Additionally, weight gain is common during the treatment of certain kinds of Cancers such as breast, ovarian, prostate.

Treatment :

Metastasis denotes distant spread of cancer from the primary organ. Treatment of any form of cancer is dependent on whether or not it has spread to distant organs. If the cancer spreads to other tissues and organs, it may decrease a patient's likelihood of survival. There are many effective treatments for metastatic cancer. These treatments fall into three main types:- Whole body treatment – this includes chemotherapy or anti-cancer medication that can reach all places of the body and radiation therapy.- Local treatment for secondary tumor alone – this includes localized surgery and removal of the tumor or localized radiation therapy on the secondary tumor alone. - Pain relief – this therapy is also called palliative therapy and is reserved for advanced cases of metastasis.

More about Cancer :

This disease harms the human body, when these altered cells mutates uncontrollably to form masses or lumps of tissues know as a tumor. Except for leukemia (blood cancer) where this fatal illness prohibits normal blood function by abnormal cell division in the blood stream. Cancerous tumors can grow and interfere with the nervous, circulatory and digestive systems in our body or can release hormones, which can alter the functioning of organs in the body.

However, cancerous tumors that demonstrate limited growth and stays in one spot, without multiplying further are generally considered as benign cancers. More dangerous or malignant tumors appear on the cancer patients when two things occur. Firstly, a cancerous cell manages to wade through the body using the lymphatic system or blood as a carrier agent, destroying all healthy cells in a process called ‘invasion’. And secondly, the cancerous cells manage to grow and divide, forming new blood vessels to feed itself in a process, which is known as ‘angiogenesis’. When cancerous tumors find success in spreading and growing in other parts of the body, destroying healthy cells by invading on the cells, this process is known as ‘metastasis’. Metastasis is a very serious condition for all cancer patients that is also very difficult to treat.

Consult with best doctors for consulting about treatment of cancer in ayurveda.

Can Cancer cure itself?

Cancer can cure itself in very rare cases, the method is called “spontaneous regression” or “spontaneous remission,”. It is considered a “miraculous healing” when a person is cured of Cancer on its own. The spontaneous remission could be complete or partial as well as temporary or permanent.

What Experts Say :

According to World Health Organization’s most recent data, there are 15 million new cases every year and 9.2 million cancer related deaths.According to oncology experts, they have also recently discovered an important clue as to why cancer cells spread. This has something to do with a process whereby the cancer cells use their adhesion (stickiness) properties. Scientists have found that certain molecular interaction between the cancer cells and the scaffolding extra cellular matrix that holds them in place, cause them to get unstuck from the original site, and getting dislodged, they travel to other places and then reattach themselves at the new site.

This is extremely important to know, since researchers say cancer mortality is mainly due to metastatic tumors, growths from the cells that have travelled far from their original site to another parts of the body. For it has been noted that only 10% of cancer patients die from their primary tumors.

Researchers are now trying to find a way to stop the cancer cells from sticking on to new sites so that they can interfere with the metastatic disease and can halt the growth of the secondary tumors from forming in the body. Cancer is the ultimate result of cells that uncontrollably grows and do not die. Normal cells in our body follow an orderly path, whereby they grow, divide and then die which in medical term is known as apoptosis. But unlike normal cells, cancerous cells do not obey this rule instead they continue to grow and divide, which eventually leads to a huge mass of abnormal cells that has grown out of control, which is the only known cause of this fatal disease.

Cancer is generally treated by long term medications, surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Popular Questions & Answers

My wife is suffering from blood cancer type aml-relapse. As per today cbc hb7, tlc 0.77 and platelets 31 and on 10.02.22, hb8, tlc 0.9 and platelets 10 now from morning she has fever and now fever is 100.4, paracetamol 650, vericoat, ceftum given but not relief. Any oncologist please reply. I want to avoid hospitalization.

MBBS, MD - Paediatrics, Fellowship - Hematology & Oncology, Renzo Gallanelo Fellowship
Hematologist, Ludhiana
As TLC is very low, she should be admitted as fever in this case is a medical emergency. I understand you are in a very tough position. What have you decided for her treatment. Are you planning to go for 2nd line therapy or not.

Hello, after total thyroid removal due to thyroid cancer i'm taking synthiroid 125 mcg daily but I have allergic reactions (rush) and I want to try tirosint or maybe other levothyroxine drug. Can I get prescription after consulting with the doctor? I can provide all necessary blood tests.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Hello, thanks for the query. All the brands contain same drug that is levothyroxine. You may try another brand and see if the reaction does not occur. Thanks.

Popular Health Tips

How Does Green Tea Benefits For Skin?

MBBS, Certificate in Hair Transplant, PG Diploma In Clinical Cosmetology (PGDCC), PG Diploma in Medical Trichology, Diploma in Body Sculpting & Body Toning by Slimming Machine
Cosmetology, Mumbai
How Does Green Tea Benefits For Skin?
Looking beautiful is what everyone wants but the cosmetic products we use are at times hard on skin. This is the reason people want to use natural products. There are many natural things which you can use and one of them is green tea. Making green...
1900 people found this helpful

All You Must Know About Signet Ring Cancer!

MBBS, MS - Gen Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Mumbai
All You Must Know About Signet Ring Cancer!
Signet ring cancer or Signet Ring Cell Carcinoma is a subtype of colorectal cancer. Accounting to 1% of all colorectal cancers, SRCC is an aggressive variant, which usually affects the younger population. Signet Ring Cell Carcinoma tumour develops...
2825 people found this helpful

Pediatric Brain Tumor - Know In Detail About It!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Neuro Surgery, FESBS
Neurosurgeon, Mumbai
Pediatric Brain Tumor - Know In Detail About It!
Brain tumor refers to the development of unusual cells in the brain or around the nearby tissues and structures. Pediatric Brain Tumor means the development of these unusual cells in the brain of children. There are two types of brain tumors: Beni...
1898 people found this helpful

Colon Polyps - What Are The Available Treatment Options?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Colon Polyps - What Are The Available Treatment Options?
A polyp is a cauliflower-like growth on the skin or the mucosal surface. Colon is the medical term for the larger intestine and the rectum. A growth on the mucosal surface of this part of the intestine is known as a colon polyp. Although not visib...
1437 people found this helpful

Liver Transplant - Common FAQs You Need To Be Aware Of!

M. Ch.(HPB Surgery & Liver Transplant), FEBS, MBBS, MS - General Surgery
Liver Transplant Surgeon, Mumbai
Liver Transplant - Common FAQs You Need To Be Aware Of!
While undergoing a liver transplantation surgery, there are multiple questions that can come to your mind. It is surely a life-changing step to decide whether one should undergo liver transplantation surgery. Some of the frequently asked questions...
993 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
MD - Radiothrapy,MBBS
Oncology
Play video
Colorectal Cancers - Every Important Detail About Them!
The lower part of the digestive system is known as the large intestine (colon), and colon cancer is the name given to the type of cancer that affects it. The rectal cancer is the cancer that affects the last few inches of the colon. Collectively t...
Play video
Tips For A Healthy Liver
Hello, I am Dr. Monika Jain, Gastroenterologist. Today I will talk about the tips for a healthy liver. Aap sab jaante hain ki liver humare sharir ka ek mukhaye aang hai joki bahut sare kam karta hai humare sharir mein. Hum liver ki tulna gaadi ke ...
Play video
Cancer Treatment
Hi, I am Dr Amit Patil, Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Mumbai Cancer Care, Mumbai. We formed as a group in 2016 with the help of apex cancer institute of India. Our primary aim of this group is to treat all the cancer patients in the best possible qual...
Play video
Brain Tumor - Things You Might Not Know About It
Hello, This is doctor Nitin Jagdhane. I am a consultant neurosurgeon, brain and spine surgeon. Today we are going to discuss about brain tumors, to start with what exactly causes Brain tumor actually scientists have not found any exact reason as o...
Play video
Endometriosis - A Brief On This
Hello everyone, I am Dr. Anu Sidana, obstetrician and Gynecologist, Aastha Medicare. Today I am going to speak about endometriosis. What is endometriosis? it is a painful disorder in which the cyclical period it becomes painful, tissue that involv...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice