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Last Updated: Nov 21, 2019
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Cancer - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Cancer? Treatment : More about Cancer : What Experts Say :

What is Cancer?

We often ignore certain symptoms which our body presents from time to time. Sometimes these disappear on their own, while at others, they may indicate something more serious -- the nesting of cancer cells in our body. Here are a few cancer symptoms which you cannot afford to ignore:
    Unexpected weight loss
  • Bloating
  • Skin Lumps
  • Unusual Bleeding
  • Skin changes like scaling, pigmentation
  • Discomfort during swallowing food
  • White spot on tongue
  • Persistent pain or ache in the body

Treatment :

Metastasis denotes distant spread of cancer from the primary organ. Treatment of any form of cancer is dependent on whether or not it has spread to distant organs. If the cancer spreads to other tissues and organs, it may decrease a patient's likelihood of survival. There are many effective treatments for metastatic cancer. These treatments fall into three main types:- Whole body treatment – this includes chemotherapy or anti-cancer medication that can reach all places of the body and radiation therapy.- Local treatment for secondary tumor alone – this includes localized surgery and removal of the tumor or localized radiation therapy on the secondary tumor alone. - Pain relief – this therapy is also called palliative therapy and is reserved for advanced cases of metastasis.

More about Cancer :

This disease harms the human body, when these altered cells mutates uncontrollably to form masses or lumps of tissues know as a tumor. Except for leukemia (blood cancer) where this fatal illness prohibits normal blood function by abnormal cell division in the blood stream. Cancerous tumors can grow and interfere with the nervous, circulatory and digestive systems in our body or can release hormones, which can alter the functioning of organs in the body.

However, cancerous tumors that demonstrate limited growth and stays in one spot, without multiplying further are generally considered as benign cancers. More dangerous or malignant tumors appear on the cancer patients when two things occur. Firstly, a cancerous cell manages to wade through the body using the lymphatic system or blood as a carrier agent, destroying all healthy cells in a process called ‘invasion’. And secondly, the cancerous cells manage to grow and divide, forming new blood vessels to feed itself in a process, which is known as ‘angiogenesis’. When cancerous tumors find success in spreading and growing in other parts of the body, destroying healthy cells by invading on the cells, this process is known as ‘metastasis’. Metastasis is a very serious condition for all cancer patients that is also very difficult to treat.

Consult with best doctors for consulting about treatment of cancer in ayurveda.

What Experts Say :

According to World Health Organization’s most recent data, there are 15 million new cases every year and 9.2 million cancer related deaths.According to oncology experts, they have also recently discovered an important clue as to why cancer cells spread. This has something to do with a process whereby the cancer cells use their adhesion (stickiness) properties. Scientists have found that certain molecular interaction between the cancer cells and the scaffolding extra cellular matrix that holds them in place, cause them to get unstuck from the original site, and getting dislodged, they travel to other places and then reattach themselves at the new site.

This is extremely important to know, since researchers say cancer mortality is mainly due to metastatic tumors, growths from the cells that have travelled far from their original site to another parts of the body. For it has been noted that only 10% of cancer patients die from their primary tumors.

Researchers are now trying to find a way to stop the cancer cells from sticking on to new sites so that they can interfere with the metastatic disease and can halt the growth of the secondary tumors from forming in the body. Cancer is the ultimate result of cells that uncontrollably grows and do not die. Normal cells in our body follow an orderly path, whereby they grow, divide and then die which in medical term is known as apoptosis. But unlike normal cells, cancerous cells do not obey this rule instead they continue to grow and divide, which eventually leads to a huge mass of abnormal cells that has grown out of control, which is the only known cause of this fatal disease.

Cancer is generally treated by long term medications, surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir madam yesterday I have done colonoscopy procedure. Aur cea b kiya 2.68 aya caecum single polypoidal mass occluding whole of the circumference. Overlying mucosa is erythematous and edematous. Surrounding mucosa is norma. Impression: polypoidal cecal mass-? Nature biopsy done. It means cancer.

MBBS, MS - Oncology, MCh-Head and Neck Surgical Oncology, MCh - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, MCh (Gyneco-oncological oncology), FRCS - Thoracic Surgery
Oncologist, Mangalore
Biopsy suggestive of cancer, but we need to know what type of cancer it is. As treatment depends on type of cancer in caecum. Need to do cect abdomen and thorax/pet ct depending on feasibility and affordability for staging purpose (pet ct is not m...
1 person found this helpful

I'm a breast cancer survivor. Dx with papillary carcinoma and dcis in july 2018. Staging and grade were questionable due to mishandling of the lumpectomy. Under went 1 lumpectomy, 1 recession with sential node dissection. Also received 16 rounds of radiation and placed on tamoxifen for 5 years commencing in nov. 2018. Period ceased due to medical menopause in august 2019. As of april 5th I started spotting and it became extremely heavy on april 9th and am still bleeding 17 days later. On april 15th I reached out to my medical oncologist for advice and was immediately taken off of tamoxifen and sent to the hospital for further investigation. I had blood drawn, a pelvic exam and a repeat ultrasound. (i had one done in feb of 2020 showing 2 fairly large cysts measuring 3.3 cms and 4.6 cms one on each ovary. At this time my endometrium was showing thickening measuring at 22 mm.) the recent ultrasound showed the adnexal cysts had decreased bin size the largest is now 3.3 cms but is showing cystic changes and my endometrium is now showing double layer with thickening of 20. 6 mm with some peripheral vascular. I've been taking 3g tranexamic acid since april 16 and although it has slowed the flow a bit it's still bright red and am still passing clots. I'm now about to run out of tranexamic acid medication tomorrow, i'm afraid how much the bleeding will be once the meds are done. I've been referred to a gone but haven't received a call yet. I have been told they cannot rule anything out yet as I need the expertise of a gyne. I'm not trying to scare myself but i'm anxious and it would greatly help to know what my odds are that this is malignant. I find going in totally blind causes me more anxiety and stress than knowing that this may be a real possibility. What do you suggest? Also anything I should look out for if the bleeding gets worse? I'm on tylenol 3 for the pain but it's not helping and it gets so severe I throw up. Please help!

M.Ch - Surgical Oncology, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Oncologist, Delhi
Tamoxifen may cause thickening of the lining of uterus, which may cause heavy bleeding at times. It may help to see your gynaecologist, who may suggest for a d&c (dilatation and curettage) procedure, before being sure of what we are dealing with a...
1 person found this helpful

I have triple negative breast cancer. After 8 cycle of chemo my pet ct and bone scan report shows no cancerous cell. My Dr. insisted on me having surgery. And I want to continue with metronomic chemotherapy with capecitabine and not have this surgery. Which will be good for me?

M.Ch - Surgical Oncology, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Oncologist, Delhi
The treatment you have had is called neo adjuvant chemotherapy. It can regress the disease but can not cure it alone. There is a high chance of recurrence of disease if you do not undergo surgery. Please share your pet report before starting chemo...
1 person found this helpful

My dad is suffering from cancer n he is having cough with mucus I have given duolin can you suggest what medicine v can give him?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Medical Oncology
Oncologist, Mumbai
Just wanted to know which malignancy he has. However you can meet the physician nearby and can consider any cough syrup post xray. If he is on chemo then rule out any pneumonia.

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