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Overview

Dehydration - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Dehydration?

Dehydration is a condition which happens when you lose more fluid (mostly water) from your body and that amount exceeds what that you have taken in. When dehydration occurs, more water moves out of the cells in the body than what you did drink before. It’s a natural phenomenon that we all lose water from our body all the time through defecation, urination, breathing and sweating. But when we lose too much of water, the body’s metabolism can go out of control. Severe dehydration can even ultimately lead to death.

Symptoms :

There are many situations that can make the body lose water rapidly, and cause dehydration, such as:

  • Too much of exercise and exposure to extreme heat
  • Fever
  • Increased micturition due to infection, vomiting and diarrhea
  • Diseases like diabetes
  • Being disabled, inability to seek appropriate food and water when it’s required by the body
  • No access to uncontaminated and fresh drinking water
  • Skin injuries like mouth sores and wounds
  • Severe skin diseases which makes us lose water through the damaged skin

More about Dehydration :

As dehydration can be really fatal, always try to make people who are dehydrated to take in fluids, even if they are vomiting. Sipping small amount of water at a time, or drinking electrolyte containing drinks (sports drinks) are an effective way for curing symptoms of dehydration. Another way getting out of dehydration is to suck on ice-chips or popsicles made from fruits and sports drinks. For people who has mouth sores or had a jaw surgery, sipping fluids through a straw proves effective for such patients. One of the foremost treatment for dehydration is to prevent this condition, by anticipating and thus increasing fluid intake.Always plan ahead and carry extra water when you are leaving for any outdoor events where you can face heat stress and increased sweating. Also encourage yourself and your dear ones to replace fluid at a rate that equals to the loss.

During high index day, avoid exposure to the heat. Plan your events those that must be done outside during the times of the day when the temperature is cooler.Make sure that anyone who is old, incapacitated or impaired is encouraged to drink and are provided with adequate supply of fluids and water to supplement their water lose. If you are doing any activity in the heat, wear loose fitting, light color clothes.

Last but not the least, as alcohol consumption increases water loss and also impair your ability to sense the early signs of dehydration, avoid drinking alcohol when the ambient temperature is very warm.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Increased thirst Dizziness Weakness Increased palpitations

Popular Health Tips

What Your Urine Colour Says About Your Health

MBBS, M.S. (General Surgery), MBA (Healthcare), M.Ch - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Gurgaon
What Your Urine Colour Says About Your Health

Human urine is a useful tool for the diagnosis and detection of several health conditions. The color, smell and density of your urine can reveal a lot about the state of your health. Color, especially, is a strong determinant of many ailments or concerns.

Here is a list of the health conditions you might be suffering from, based on the color of your urine:

  1. Straw color to transparent yellow color: This urine color signifies that your body is healthy and perfectly hydrated. This should be the normal color of urine, which shows you are in good health.
  2. Transparent or clear: Transparent and extra clear urine indicates that you have drunk too much water, which leads to the transparent appearance. It happens due to overhydration.
  3. Dark yellow color: This shade of urine is considered normal, but it may indicate some amount of dehydration. You need to drink more water to eliminate the darker yellowish tinge from your urine.
  4. Honey color: Urine of honey color signifies dehydration and you must consume increased amounts of water.
  5. Pink or red color: Your urine may have a pinkish red shade when you consume foods like carrots, beets, blackberries and rhubarb. This may also happen due to the effect of some antibiotics or a drug which treats urinary tract infections. The presence of blood in your urine is indicated by these colors too, and it can lead to kidney diseases, UTI, prostate problems or tumors.
  6. Orange color: Your urine may have an orange color which resembles the color of orange soft drinks. This occurs as a result of high dose of vitamins and several antibiotics. This color may also indicate dehydration or problems related to the kidney or bile duct.
  7. Blue or green color: Such shades may be present in your urine because of dyes present in food items and medications. Your urine may turn blue or green, signifying several other medical conditions which require immediate medical attention.
  8. Foamy: If your urine has a foamy appearance, irrespective of the color and shade, you need to consult a doctor. Consistent foamy or frothy appearance of your urine may indicate the presence of protein in your urine, which further signifies problems in the kidneys.
  9. Maple syrup color: Urine of this shade indicates a severe case of dehydration or liver diseases

Your urine tells a lot about your health by its color, odor and density. The color is an essential determinant for detecting several health conditions, which may be simple or chronic in nature.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2582 people found this helpful

Strong Smelling Urine - 5 Common Reasons Behind it!

MBBS , DGO , FIMAS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Strong Smelling Urine - 5 Common Reasons Behind it!

Many people are embarrassed to talk about their urine colour or urine problem with anybody, including their doctor. But, what people always forget is that strong smelling urine and the change in the colour of the urine is a serious issue. Your urine colour directly tells you about your health, especially your inner body. So, without being embarrassed you should consult a doctor, if and when, you find foul odour in your urine. Following are some of the reasons for the causes of strong smelling urine.

  1. You are dehydrated: Urine is not supposed to leave odour. It should be odourless, but if you find strong smell in your urine, you should consult a doctor immediately. The most common reason of foul odour in your urine is dehydration. If the amount of water needed in your body is not enough then, there will be less water in your body as a result the waste products will not be diluted in water being more concentrated making the urine darker and more odour. But once you start drinking water, it should go normal. Normally, this kind of situations occur in early morning when your water intake is less or not at all. But drinking lot of water will solve this issue immediately.
  2. More alcohol or caffeine intake: If you are habituated to drink a lot of coffee then it may happen that you find strong smell of coffee in your urine. Although it is not very problematic yet it is healthy if you reduce the intake of coffee in your daily life in order to have a healthy digestive system. Not just coffee but even alcohol could be the reason of irregular or need to urinate a lot more than usual.
  3. Bacterial InfectionThere could be bacterial infection or kidney infection which could lead to strong smell of urine. In order to ensure you should go to a doctor and get important tests done. Then the doctor can suggest treatment according to your results and if all the results are normal then you could be suggested to maintain a balanced diet on regular basis.
  4. Imbalanced Diet: The problem can sometimes come from the use of certain vitamins from imbalances in your diet. There are substances like nitrates and phosphates in the urine which can give dark colour and odour. You should always have a proper diet and follow it in order to have a healthy digestive system. Eating lot of garlic and onion can also bring odour in your urine.
  5. DiabetesIf you are diabetic, it may be possible that you find dark urine and odour in your urine. It indicates that your sugar level is not normal and gone much high than normal. If you are not diabetic then it may be a sign of diabetes so you should get diagnosed immediately with your doctor.

There are multiple causes of strong smelling urine but most of them could be cured easily if diagnosed immediately. But in order to avoid this issue it is better to be careful with your diet and drink a lot of water. At least three litres of water a day is an absolute necessity!

5197 people found this helpful

All About Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex

Senior Residency, DNB - Dermatology Venereology & Leprosy , MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Mumbai
All About Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex

Epidermolysis bullosa simplex is a genetic disorder that results in the skin turning fragile and blister prone. Any small injury or friction created due to rubbing of the skin might lead to blister formation. In some cases, blisters may occur inside the mouth and on the cheeks. Normally, the cause of the disease is linked to defective genes.The condition is usually inherited and the symptoms start flaring in childhood. In some cases, the symptoms start during the early twenties.

The symptoms of this disease are:

  1. Deformities in the nails of the toes and fingers.
  2. Blisters in the internal organs such as esophagus and vocal chords.
  3. Formation of blisters on the skin of the feet and the hands.
  4. Loss of hair and scarring of the scalp.
  5. Thickening of the skin on the palms and soles of the feet.
  6. Formation of white skin bumps on the skin.
  7. You may experience various dental problems such as tooth decay.
  8. You may have problems in swallowing food.

Epidermolysis bullosa can be classified into:

  1. Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa: This is a severe form of epidermolysis bullosa that usually develops during birth. The condition is characterized by hoarse and unusual crying sounds and scarring in the vocal chords. The genes that attach the epidermis to the basement become defective and thus, cause blister formation.
  2. Kindler Syndrome: This type is characterized by blister formation across all layers of the skin, but its symptoms tend to disappear with time. This condition is known to cause discoloration of the skin when exposed to the sun.
  3. Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa: This is caused by a defect in the gene that causes problems in collagen formation. This results in complications as the skin doesn't join properly.

Risks

This disease may cause various complications such as sepsis, skin infection, anemia, constipation and dehydration. An infant, who has a severe form of epidermolysis bullosa, may not be able to survive due to widespread blistering and infections that may drain all the body fluids out drastically. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a geneticist.

4176 people found this helpful

Smoking - How it Affects Your Skin?

Fellowship In Aesthetic Medicine |, MBBS
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Smoking - How it Affects Your Skin?

In spite of several reminders about the ill-effects of smoking, you might still be an unperturbed chain smoker. Smoking is one vice that not only ruins the health of your heart, lungs and brain, but it also damages your skin. The changes smoking can bring about are usually gradual and hence we tend to overlook. A peek into the effects of smoking on your skin may curb your urge to smoke henceforth.

  1. Smoking increases chances of a scaly skin: You may not be aware that puffing cigarettes can make you develop a serious skin condition. Scaly skin or Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin disorder but the chances of contracting this disorder are increased with every pack of cigarettes you smoke. Psoriasis has severe impacts on the kind of life you live. It might lead to estrangement from friends and acquaintances, making you end up lonely and depressed. Studies reflect smoking a pack each day for twenty years at a stretch increases your risk of developing a scaly skin by sixty percent.
  2. Smoking leads to irregular sleep patterns: It is frequently noticed that despite a full night's sleep, a person feels tired and overworked. The reason could be a lack of nicotine during your hours of sleep. This lack makes you uneasy in bed. Lack of sleep is always evident in the quantity and quality of work a person does.
  3. Smokers can have bags under their eyes: Do you wonder why make- up tips fail in freshening up your appeal? It could be the result of your bad habit of smoking. Though dark circles and bags under eyes are not indicative of other essential problems, they do make you look exhausted and elderly. Instead of using cold compress to get rid of these bags, try quitting cigarettes.
  4. Smoking can cause persistent scars and bruises: Smoking prevents or rather delays the process of healing. Researches show how nicotine leads to vasoconstriction. It constricts the small blood vessels in different parts of your body prohibiting blood flow to these parts. Scars and bruises take a longer time to heal because the oxygen in your blood doesn't reach them.
  5. Smoking will make you lose your radiant skin: If you have a beautiful, glowing skin, prepare to bid farewell to that glow. An excess intake of nicotine deprives your skin of oxygen. Your skin looks dehydrated. Smoking also drains out important nutrients like vitamin C which is known for its effects against skin damage.

A healthy skin is the easiest key to the secret of looking pretty and confident. Quit smoking and experience the wonderful effects. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

2634 people found this helpful

Common Skin Problems That Occur From Dry Skin

MBBS, MD - DVL
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Common Skin Problems That Occur From Dry Skin

A well moisturized and hydrated skin is a thumb rule for a healthy skin. Dry and flaky skin is not only discomforting and unpleasant to look but is also prone to many skin problems. Dry skin or xerosis dermatitis is more common among elderly. Dry skin can cause the skin to crack making it susceptible to infections. Constant scratching of dry skin due to itching is further harmful and can cause thickening and darkening of the skin. Extreme temperature especially winter with cold, dry and chilly winds can be harsh on the skin and disturb its pH level, thus causing skin problems.

Apart from external factors, internal factors such as hypothyroidism, psoriasis and type 2 diabetes can also cause dry skin.

One of the most common skin problems from dry skin is Eczema. Eczema, generally acquired in childhood is an inflammatory reaction of the skin causing the skin to become red and itchy followed by crusting and scaling. Treatment of eczema is usually a combination of creams and drugs. However, eczema does not go away that easily and its relapse rate remains quite high.

Exposure to sun for long hours can also lead to drying of the skin. Apart from this use of harsh soaps and chemical based products or prolonged use of cosmetics on the skin can inhibit the ability of skin to retain moisture.

Dry skin tends to age faster as it is prone to wrinkles. A wrinkled skin loses its charm and elasticity. The whole concept of anti ageing revolves around keeping the sun hydrated and moisturized.

Many skin problems can be prevented only by following a good skin care routine. Others may require a long-term medical treatment. Let’s look at some simple and useful ways to prevent and manage dry skin:

  1. Water: Water is not only a natural cleanser for the skin but helps in maintaining an optimum moisture level of the skin. Drink at least 8 to 10 glasses of water every day.

  2. Steam baths: A warm water bath or a steam bath can help relieve skin of dryness.

  3. Oiling of the skin: People with dry skin benefit more from oiling than the use of regular moisturizers. Oiling creates a protective layer on the skin preventing it from drying for longer hours. Use of almond, olive or coconut oil is effective is treating dry skin problems.

  4. Prolonged use of room heaters: Heaters snatch moisture from the surrounding environment including your skin leaving it dull and dry. Thus sitting in heated rooms for long can dehydrate skin and must be avoided as far as possible.

  5. Water-rich fruits and vegetables: Fruits and vegetables, especially, water-rich like watermelon, bottle gourd etc. can help replenish moisture. Eat plenty of those to fight dryness. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist and ask a free question.

2375 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I was suffering from viral, doctor advised me paracetamol, on third day the temperature goes up to 103 , doctor advised on phone to take Meftal 250 mg, in the next early morning I was having stomach pain, extreme gas ,and I fainted for few seconds and my son told me I have seizure for few seconds, 5-6 seconds, I never have seizure anytime before, doctor said it might be due to dehydration as I was not eating and drinking fluids much or due to reaction of Meftal medicine. I am better don't have any fever, does that seizure require serious attention? Do I need to worry?

MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DNB Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Nagpur
Though the seizure in your case has a fair explanation on the basis if your medical condition (notably hypoglycemia due to loss of appetite and electrolyte imbalance due to dehydration), still it is advisable to completely investigate any" first episode of seizure" consult a physician, get a baseline eeg done and other investigations if necessary to rule out all possible causes of such episode, apart from your medical condition. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

I am 16, Male and I've been frequently having dehydration, frequent urination, hunger and headaches. What could the cause of this be?

International Academy of Classical Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Drink plenty of water to maintain hydration U can drink Juices Coconut water Water intake as below Don't drink water before half an hour of meal Also 1 hour after meal 2) don't drink water during meal u can just take one or two sips every 3 bite 3)drink 1glas of warm water after u wake up but before brush 4)eat ova 5) eat jira 6)eat fibre e.g. carrot cucumber before non veg 7)stop taking chapati etc eat only bhakare

Meri vagina me wash room jate time jalan aur urine se gandi badbu ati he. meri personal doctor ne bola dehaidration se he .jayda pani peene se sahi ho jaygi but koi improvement nahi hua. What I do?

Bams
Ayurveda, Noida
Aap urine test or rbs blood test karvao, safai pe vishesh khyal rakho, pani jada pio, yeh koi jada bada issue nahi hai use aap khud hi thik kar sakti ho, ya aap mujhse upchar le sakti ho jalan ka matal yahi hai ki infection hai apke peshab ke raste me jise pani dwara thik nahi kar sakti ho to, liaz dwara hi thik kar sakte hai.
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from dehydration and weakness next week is my physical test for defence forces can you please suggest me?

BHMS
Homeopath, Hooghly
Take plenty of fluids,,take coconut water,,take ors,,take high protein diet,,take fruits,,take multivitamin with multiminerals this will help
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Dehydration?

Symptoms :

More about Dehydration :

Play video
Nausea and vomiting or Hyperemesis Gravidarum in Pregnancy
Hi, I am Dr Tripti Raheja. I am working as consultant obstetrics and Gynaecology in Max Hospital Pitampura.

This video will provide information regarding nausea and vomiting of pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum which is a severe form of this condition.

Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy are a very common symptom of pregnancy. Most pregnant women experience it to some degree. Usually it starts very early in pregnancy around 5 to 7 weeks of pregnancy. It settles down by 12 to 14 weeks of pregnancy. In some women it may continue till 20 weeks of pregnancy and occasionally may last until the end of pregnancy. Usually it is most severe in the morning, so, that is why it is called as morning sickness. Though it can happen at any time, day or night. It is more severe if you are carrying more than one baby.

Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy can become so serious sometimes. It can lead to significant weight loss and dehydration. Features of dehydration are feeling very thirsty, feeling drowsy feeling and or change of colour of urine from bright yellow to dark yellow. This condition is called hyperemesis gravidarum. Women with hyperemesis gravidarum may require and should go to hospital. There is no evidence that it can cause any harm to your baby rather if you have vomiting during your pregnancy then there is a less chance of miscarriage. However, in some women who have hyperemesis gravidarum or who have severe vomiting persistently for a long time may have baby there that are lower than expected birth rate.

You can deal with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy by simply doing;

Diet changes, proper diet is necessary in order to overcome this problem.
You should take small frequent meals at regular interval.
You should increase carbohydrate intake your diet and decrease the intake of food.
You should avoid food or smell that can Trigger your symptoms.
You can take medicines also with the help of your doctor. These medicines are safe during pregnancy.
In some cases where the vomiting is very severe, persistent leading to dehydration or leading to normality in the blood test patient may require admission to the hospital and treatment by IV Fluids.

If you want to consult me for that you can connect me with Lybrate. You can book an online consultation, you can check, you can do video call or you can fix up an appointment with my clinic person.
Play video
Know More About Dehydration
How to manage if you suffer from Dehydration?
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice