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Overview

Dehydration - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Dehydration is a condition which happens when you lose more fluid (mostly water) from your body and that amount exceeds what that you have taken in. When dehydration occurs, more water moves out of the cells in the body than what you did drink before. It’s a natural phenomenon that we all lose water from our body all the time through defecation, urination, breathing and sweating. But when we lose too much of water, the body’s metabolism can go out of control. Severe dehydration can even ultimately lead to death.

There are many situations that can make the body lose water rapidly, and cause dehydration, such as:

  • Too much of exercise and exposure to extreme heat
  • Fever
  • Increased micturition due to infection, vomiting and diarrhea
  • Diseases like diabetes
  • Being disabled, inability to seek appropriate food and water when it’s required by the body
  • No access to uncontaminated and fresh drinking water
  • Skin injuries like mouth sores and wounds
  • Severe skin diseases which makes us lose water through the damaged skin

As dehydration can be really fatal, always try to make people who are dehydrated to take in fluids, even if they are vomiting. Sipping small amount of water at a time, or drinking electrolyte containing drinks (sports drinks) are an effective way for curing symptoms of dehydration. Another way getting out of dehydration is to suck on ice-chips or popsicles made from fruits and sports drinks. For people who has mouth sores or had a jaw surgery, sipping fluids through a straw proves effective for such patients. One of the foremost treatment for dehydration is to prevent this condition, by anticipating and thus increasing fluid intake. Always plan ahead and carry extra water when you are leaving for any outdoor events where you can face heat stress and increased sweating. Also encourage yourself and your dear ones to replace fluid at a rate that equals to the loss.

During high index day, avoid exposure to the heat. Plan your events those that must be done outside during the times of the day when the temperature is cooler. Make sure that anyone who is old, incapacitated or impaired is encouraged to drink and are provided with adequate supply of fluids and water to supplement their water lose. If you are doing any activity in the heat, wear loose fitting, light color clothes.

Last but not the least, as alcohol consumption increases water loss and also impair your ability to sense the early signs of dehydration, avoid drinking alcohol when the ambient temperature is very warm.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Increased thirst Dizziness Weakness Increased palpitations

Popular Health Tips

Health Tip

Dr. Ms. Karishma Chawla 90% (12 ratings)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Health Tip
A dehydrated body cannot burn fat or gain muscle! Thirst is a late indicator of water. Hydrate yourself every 1- 1.5 hours!
3 people found this helpful

Dry & Itchy Skin - 9 Most Important Tips You Must Follow!

Dr. Aanchal Sehrawat 86% (42 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL), DNB dermatology
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
Dry & Itchy Skin - 9 Most Important Tips You Must Follow!
Are you suffering from dry, stretched, itchy or flaky skin? Remember dry skin look older than oily skin, as they show fine lines and wrinkles faster. They also flake, crack and bleed easily. Read on for 10 super easy steps recommended by dermatologists to soothe dry skin Prevent hot baths and showers which dehydrate skin further. Do these instead for dry skin Rx- Use warm water Don t shower for more than 5 minutes Wash with a gentle and fragrance-free soap Don t apply too much soap so that it whips up a thick lather Don t rub your skin dry with a towel Post bath routine Slather on a rich moisturiser after drying your skin: Moisturisers trap extra moisture in your skin so the right time to use them is immediately after drying yourself with a towel. It s better to use ointments and creams as these are more effective than lotions. Creams with olive and jojoba oil, Shea butter, lactic acid, urea, hyaluronic acid, dimethicone, glycerin, lanolin, mineral oil, and petrolatum jelly all are good. If the skin on your hand is extra dry and feels stretched then it s a good idea to carry a non-greasy hand cream with you. Apply it to each washing hands immediately to relieve dry skin. Use only unscented skin care products: Shun harsh skin products which strip natural oils from skin like- Deodorant soaps Skin care products that contain fragrances, alcohol, retinoids, or alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) Wear gloves when washing utensils: This will prevent dry skin on hands. All you have to do is wear latex gloves before you start washing clothes and utensils. Choose laundry detergent with care: Laundry detergents should be chosen with care as they can irritate skin. Go for detergents labelled hypoallergenic . Avoid toasting yourself by the fireplace or other heat sources in winters: Remember heat is drying. So limit your time in front of a hot stove or fireplace. Use humidifiers to add moisture to indoor air: Use of humidifier will help prevent excessive drying of skin. Use milk on skin: Milk is packed with anti-inflammatory and soothing properties that can fight dry and itchy skin. The lactic acid in milk also exfoliates dead skin cells and increases the capacity of your skin to retain moisture. Honey: Honey is one of the best natural moisturisers. It comes loaded with antioxidants and antimicrobials. Yogurt: Yogurt is a skin-hydrating agent par excellence. Its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties also help soothe dry and itchy skin. If these things don t work in alleviating skin dryness, you may require a prescription cream, so see a dermatologist.
6 people found this helpful

Festive Skin Care - Let Your Skin Do The Talking This Festive Season!

Dr. Shruti Gupta 89% (18 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology, FAAD(USA)
Dermatologist, Delhi
Festive Skin Care - Let Your Skin Do The Talking This Festive Season!
Festive season is a time of fun, beauty and indulgence. There is always an excitement when Diwali is around the corner. It is all about fun, mingling with your family and friends, and eating sweets and snacks. But during this mood of elation and celebration, one forgets that what goes inside also shows up externally. There are the endless parties for which you would dress up and style. So there will be the blow drying, ironing, styling, make-up, late nights, and to top it all, the alcohol and cigarettes. This, coupled with the excess smoke and pollution affects the skin and hair to a large extent. Here are few tips on how can you keep your skin glowing and hair healthy during the festive season. To start with, let me explain what damages your skin and hair and how. Sugar Sugar suppresses the activity of our white blood cells and thus makes us more susceptible to infections. It also worsens allergies and causes damage because of the breaking down of good proteins, leading to the formation of Advanced Glycation End-products (AGE). AGE makes the proteins in the collagen and hair stiff and hard; thus speeding up the process of skin ageing and making the hair brittle. One of the main reasons for wrinkles, deep lines, and sagging skin is AGE. So gorging high sugar foods during festivals can lead to fine lines and excessive dryness. So please be mindful of what you are eating during this time. Smoke Smoke and pollution damage hair and skin. It makes the skin dry and scalp irritated or even itchy. Too much exposure can lead to boils/ folliculitis, skin rash, and acne exacerbation. To prevent this, you should wash your hair and body thoroughly the day after the festival to counteract the damage caused by smoke and ash. Excessive make-up and styling You need to dress up and look pretty on festival days. This means excessive make-up and hair styling products, blow drying, and ironing. Not all this is harmful, but what worsens the situation is when you ignore or forget to remove them all off after the party is over. Always remember to follow your night-time skincare regime and cleanse your hair of all the styling products. Alcohol and cigarettes These worsen the condition of your hair and skin. Alcohol makes the skin flushed and dehydrated with broken capillaries. And cigarettes compromise the blood supply to your skin. So cut down on cigarettes and alcohol as much as possible. Do s and Don ts Be on a healthy diet always, especially a month before the festivals start. Avoid too many sweets. Drink plenty of fluids like water, coconut water, and buttermilk. Try to cut down on your alcohol intake and cigarettes. Apply an anti-oxidant cream which contains vitamin A, C, E or Q10 during the day, underneath your sunscreen. Remove every trace of make-up and apply a good nourishing night cream. Start oiling your hair with light oils like the ones which are coconut-based. Do not use mousse on hair. If you do, then wash it off at night or the next morning. Blow drying with low heat is better than ironing. Ironing can lead to hair breakage. Avoid harsh surface chemical treatments during the Diwali month be it for skin or hair. Include some cardio exercises in your daily routine. So, follow these simple steps to look gorgeous and feel gorgeous during this festive season!
514 people found this helpful

The Benefits of Drinking Water for Your Skin!

Dr. Priyanka Dasari 89% (23 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Bangalore
The Benefits of Drinking Water for Your Skin!
Approximately 60% of the human body consists of water. It is one of the most important components that help in the process of digestion, blood circulation, mineral absorption and even excretion, ensuring smooth functioning of your system. A mere drop in the water content of your body can lead to dehydration, which can affect your body in more than one ways. Dehydration can also take a toll on your skin leaving it dry and life less. In order to ensure the health of your skin, it is highly recommended to keep your system hydrated. How drinking water affects the skin? Keeps skin soft: Skin is made up of 3 layers namely, epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue. When the water content of the outermost layer of the epidermis is insufficient, your skin tends to lose elasticity and feel rough. Intake of adequate water hydrates the skin cells and makes them function properly, making your skin soft and supple. Moisturizes dry skin and lessens the appearance of wrinkles: Insufficient intake of water makes your skin appear dry and flaky; such a skin is more prone to wrinkling. When you drink sufficient water your skin cells hydrate from within. Hydrated skin is resilient in nature and therefore, it has less chance of suffering from premature wrinkling. Improves skin tone: Water is known for its abilities to flush out toxins from your system and for maintaining the proper functioning of your kidneys. Sufficient intake of water ensures that harmful toxins and impurities are regularly flushed out of your system, thereby, adding a healthy glow to your skin. Makes your skin appear younger: It is advised to drink a minimum 8 glasses of water daily to keep your body hydrated. The condition of your health can be analyzed from the condition of your skin as a body that is hydrated well, makes your skin appear healthy too. Gets rid of dark circles: The problem of dark circle arise over the years due to the damage of the capillaries under the eyes. The skin around the eyes is thinner than facial skin which hinders the smooth flow of fluid through them. Plenty intake of water on a regular basis can reduce the appearance of dark circles dramatically, making your skin appear healthy.
4332 people found this helpful

How To Manage Dehydration In Dogs?

Dr. Chandrakanta Chakraborty 93% (121 ratings)
M.V.Sc, B.V.Sc. & A.H.
Veterinarian, Kolkata
How To Manage Dehydration In Dogs?
Dehydration is a common disorder in dogs and humans equally. It occurs when an excess of fluids continuously get eliminated from the body irrespective of the amount of fluids your dog intakes. Water working as the "potion for life" is essential for dogs too as it keeps them hydrated and makes sure the biological processes take place smoothly in them. Dehydration is a serious disorder and may result in as serious consequences as organ failure or even death. To know if your dog is suffering from dehydration, learn the symptoms carefully make a move as quickly as possible. Symptoms of dehydration in dogs: Depression Dryness in the mouth and sticky gums. Often dehydration results in sticky gums and dry mouth in dogs as the water content of the body gradually falls down. Sunken eyes. Sunken eyes can be considered as a pronounced symptom of dehydration. Loss of appetite. Appetite is related to dehydration as the digestion, metabolism and other reactions in dog's body need water to successfully take place. Abnormal sleepiness. Dehydration causes Depression and abnormal rate of sleeping in turn. Abnormal urination. If your dog is suffering from Dehydration, it will either urinate too little or too much. This abnormal sign in urination speaks a lot about the dehydrated state of your dog. Less elasticity of skin or tightness of the skin coat. This can be determined by a simple skin test. Pull your dog's skin and if it does not spring back in 2 seconds, your dog is dehydrated. If you face problems with determining the level of dehydration, kindly take it to a Veterinarian. He/she will readily note the symptoms and apply proper treatment which should be the prime step in order to save your pet from such situations. Delays will only narrow its chances of surviving. It is also important to understand what causes Dehydration in your dog. This would certainly help you from bumping into such situations further in future. Causes of dehydration in dogs: The major reason or cause of Dehydration is illness and overexposing to the sunshine. An ill dog is more prone to get dehydrated than a healthy one. Several diseases like, Fever Diarrhoea Vomiting Renal failure Diabetes mellitus Diabetes insipidus Gastrointestinal problems, etc. can affect your dog on a large scale and trigger off Dehydration with time. To take care of such situations from taking place, you should keep in mind a few guidelines. The following tips will certainly prevent your dog from being dehydrated again if taken into account. Prevention of dehydration in dogs: Protect your dog from being overexposed to heat. Make it drink as much water as it can every time. Always put a small bowl of water at the corner of its room. Monitor its water intake capacity and keep it hydrated. Keep the toilet lid closed in order to prevent it from plunging its mouth inside. This will keep it away from bacteria and viruses which would affect it and make it fall sick. If you go for exercising in the evening with your dog, bring extra water so that it stays hydrated. Consult with a Veterinarian if its drinking less amount of water.

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir, I am suffering from a lot kind of symptoms, such as. I am losing too much of semen during urination, Low blood pressure Dizziness Balance problem Difficulty concentrating Pale face Weakness with everyday tasks of play Increased thirst Abnormal heartbeat Sleep issues Heat exposure Dehydration Eating causes diarrhoea I don't know what should I eat in my everyday diet. I am fetching from this kind of problems in my everyday life, I am so tired I don't know which kind of treatment I need .sometimes it feels like that I am dying. I do not know which department doctor should I be treated with. Please suggest me because I need urgent treatment. Or is it necessary to do MRI for this.

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 96% (17212 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hello, Obesity might cause sleepy mood, litharicity, lack of concentration, tiredness with anguish temperament. You need to reduce your weight, first. Tk, plenty of water to hydrate your body eliminating toxins. Go for meditation to reduce your stress, nourishing your entire body including brain to make you confident. Your diet be easily digestible on time to check gastric disorder. Avoid, junk food, alcohol, nicotine, piza, burger. Tk, homoeopathic medicine:@ Phyto Berry Q-10 drops, thrice with little water. Report, ,wkly. Tk, care.

Hi Doctor I from Chennai. I think last one week my body heat so much increase when I go urine that time urine come over heat last one week only happen like this I drink more than water but now also continue same problem yesterday I went to play cricket just 2 hours only I stand in sun light after go to urine that time very heat I don't know why happen like this please help me & guide me doctor.

Dt. Priti Sharma 92% (262 ratings)
M.Sc - Food & Nutrition, PG Diploma In Diabetes Education
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Gurgaon
All these symptom shows that 'Pitta' of your body got disturbed. So, take care of few things. Avoid: Sour food ( lemon, soar grapes , tamarind etc. ) , Spicy food. Include: Take a glass of fennel seed water ( soak 1 spoon fennel in a glass of water at night, heat it once , cool down and consume as first thing in the morning. Also chew 1 spoon fennel seeds after every meal. Don't leave yourself empty stomach , take freshly home prepared food or snacks in every 2 to 3 hours. About 10 am ,( after breakfast) take 1 glass milk with 1.5 spoon Gulkand mixed with 1 spoon fennel seeds. It will release all the extra heat from your body . Always drink water or some hydrating drink like coconut water before step out in sun.
1 person found this helpful

What are the ways to get out from dehydration in summer and how to take care for lip peal?

Dr. Rajesh Jain 96% (12354 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Jalgaon
Please Take plenty of water daily Avoid oily spicy and fast food, non veg food, processed food, rice Take Buttermilk, lemon juice, water fruits like water melon, cucumber, grapes etc daily Take Milk regularly Natrum moor 30 x Homeopathic medicine 5 globules three times a day for 3 weeks.
2 people found this helpful

Yesterday I spent more than 5 hours into direct sun light between 12-5 pm without drink water so body get dehydrated now what should I do.

Dr. Lalit Kumar Tripathy 86% (18762 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
1.Drink plenty of water with ORS/Electral 2.sipping water at frequent interval or sucking ice cubes, 3.Avoid exposure to bright sunlight 4.Stay indoor under fan/ AC 5.Avoid severe physical exertion 6.Take adequate rest 7.Avoid spicy/oily/fried and junk food. Take bland diet 8.Have fruits like green coconut/orange/watermelon/grape etc
1 person found this helpful

Sir, I would like to ask that what is dehydration. How can protect in summer season. What to do and do not in this season.

Dr. Dhruba Bhattacharya 90% (1426 ratings)
MBBS, PGC IN FAMILY WELFARE &HEALTH MANAGEMENT, DHA, PGD IN MEDICAL LAWS ÐICS
General Physician, Kolkata
LOSS OF BODY FLUID BY VOMITING,,PURGING OR SWEATING LEADING TO DEHYDRATION & ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE. 3-4 LTRS OF FLUID IN 24 HRS AVOID HOT .HUMID ENVIRONMENT. AVOID OILY SPICY FOOD LIGHT COLOR LINENS
4 people found this helpful

Health Quizzes

How to Control Dehydration in Summer?

Dr. Ramneek Gupta 90% (18348 ratings)
DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
Acclimation is very useful to prevent dehydration. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz

Water Myths and Facts

Dr. Rohini Dhillon 92% (458 ratings)
PGDMCH, MBA( CHA) , MBBS
General Physician, Gurgaon
Straw colored urine is an indication of dehydration. True or False?
Start Quiz

Coffee Myths and Facts

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 90% (21672 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Love your daily cup of coffee? See how much you know about coffee's impact on your health by taking this quiz!
Start Quiz

Staying Hydrated : Myths and Facts

Dr. Preethy 90% (485 ratings)
General Physician, Hyderabad
Did you know that an average adult loses 10 cups of water every day? Find out this and more by taking this quiz
Start Quiz

Coffee Myths and Facts

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 90% (21672 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Love your daily cup of coffee? See how much you know about coffee's impact on your health by taking this quiz!
Start Quiz

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