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Overview

Joint Pain: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Joint pain refers to pain that occurs in the joints. It can be caused due to various reasons including injuries, infections, arthritis, and, rarely, cancer in the joints. Joint pain can occur in the knees, ankles, elbows, and shoulders. Sometimes, this pain can also be caused by certain sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Extremely strenuous physical activity and too much exercise can also sometimes lead to pain in the joints. Joint pain can be managed fairly easily. Its symptoms – swelling, limping, and redness – can also be taken care of along with the pain itself. There are many ways to treat joint pain and they vary on the basis of the severity and cause of the pain. If caused by an injury, joint pain can be treated by treating the injury. This means using bandages and medicines to help the affected area heal quickly. Similarly, if the pain is caused due to arthritis, there are specific medications and treatments that can be administered to manage the pain. These include anti-inflammatory and antibiotic medications that will be prescribed to you by your doctor. Finally, if your joint pain is caused due to infections or STDs, the course to treat the pain is essentially to treat the underlying problem first. This includes taking antibiotics and medications that are specific to the infection that you have. In most cases, joint pain can be treated fairly quickly and is not something to worry about. Though it can cause a lot of discomfort and even difficulty in movement, it is rarely more sinister than it seems.

How is the treatment done?

Treating joint pain depends largely on the cause of pain. This is why your doctor will first examine the joints that hurt and ask you a lot of questions about your pain, diet, recent physical activity, and whether you are currently taking any medications (in case it is a side effect of something). Often, the path to diagnosis includes taking X-rays to determine whether there is a minor fracture or sprain in the area, or any other problem. Once the cause of the pain is determined, the doctor will then prescribe the correct course of treatment for you. In terms of the kinds of medications you may have to take, there are plenty that can be prescribed. If you are suffering from arthritis, you will be given medicines that are known to supress the immune system. This can help relieve some of the inflammation in the joints and help you manage the pain on the whole. You will also be given certain anti-inflammatory medicines as well. Furthermore, you may have to receive cortisone injections as well. It is also common for doctors to prescribe pain relief medications, especially if the pain is so severe that it is interfering with your daily life. If the joint pain is caused by gout, you will receive gout medications. Joint pain that is caused due to infections is treated with the help of antibiotics. Your doctor can tell you the exact dosage that is required along with the time period for medication.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Anyone who has pain in the joints is eligible for any of the treatments mentioned above. It all depends on the underlying cause of the pain.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If your pain is psychosomatic, you may not be eligible for the traditional forms of treatment. In order to treat this type of pain, you will be referred to a psychiatrist or psychologist to help you get to the root cause of the pain. The treatment here includes talk therapy and medications that are meant for calming down your nerves.

Are there any side effects?

As is the case with most medications, there are certain side effects that you should be vary of. If you have been prescribed antibiotics, you may develop a mild fever as a reaction to the medication. This is completely normal as antibiotics do tend to raise the temperature of the body a little bit. Furthermore, if you are allergic to specific ingredients that are used in medicine or as medicine, such as penicillin (which is quite common in most pain relief drugs), you should mention it to your doctor as you may end up developing an allergy. The allergy can present itself as dermatitis, sneezing, or even swelling in the throat and mouth and can be quite dangerous. Always be careful about the medication that you are taking.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post treatment guidelines depend largely on the reason for your joint pain. If you developed joint pain due to strenuous physical activity, you will be advised to rest and take it easy for a few days. Even when you get back into your normal routine, you will be required to ease your body into your daily exercise instead of starting off at the highest point you can manage. If your joint pain is caused due to arthritis, your doctor will recommend several ways for you to manage your pain. You will be asked to avoid stressful activities, including walking for too long, as it puts unrequired pressure on your joints and causes them to get inflamed. Often, people are advised to change their diets to include food products that are anti-inflammatory to make the condition a bit more manageable. There are no specific post treatment guidelines for joint pain that is caused by infections other than just to be hygienic and keep the area as clean as possible.

How long does it take to recover?

Joint pain that is caused due to injury or infection can be treated in a matter of days, at most a few weeks, depending on the severity of the injury or infection. On the other hand, joint pain associated with arthritis comes and goes as is something that has to be managed throughout one’s life. There is no permanent treatment for the same. Joint pain caused by strenuous physical activity also takes a few days to recover from. The effect of taking pain medications, however, is often immediate.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Most pain relief medications cost under Rs 100 for a single leaf of pills. Antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications also cost under Rs 100. Arthritis medications range in cost from Rs 50 to Rs 150, depending on the type of medication that is prescribed as well as the dosage that you are required to take.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment for joint pain caused by arthritis is not permanent. The pain will come and go throughout your life as arthritis causes stiffness in the joints as well as swelling and there is bound to be some pain that comes with the same. The results of the treatment for joint pain caused by infections and injuries, on the other hand, is permanent.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are many home remedies that one can resort to in order to treat joint pain. Using hot and cold compresses is a common way to deal with most muscular and bone pain and can work for joint pain as well. Altering the diet to include foods that have anti-inflammatory properties, such as turmeric, is another way to combat joint pain. Using essential oils with anti-inflammatory properties during a massage, or adding them to a diffuser can also help with joint pain. You can use oils such as clove essential oil, rosemary essential oil, peppermint essential oil, clary sage essential oil, and lavender essential oil. Furthermore, using herbal supplements can also help you manage joint pain. You can use gingko, stinging nettle, devil’s claw, or thunder god vine, as required. Scheduling regular massages can also help you a lot. Of course, it is always advised to consult with your doctor before using any home remedies to prevent any adverse effects from occurring. You can consult with a herbalist for the same reasons as well.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: High Price Range: Rs. 50 - Rs. 150

Popular Health Tips

Foot Problems Which Require Surgery!

MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Surgeon, Bangalore
Foot Problems Which Require Surgery!

Following are the most common foot conditions which require surgery:

  1. Plantar fasciitis: It is one of the most common causes of heel pain which is aggravated in the morning with initial few steps. Too much pressure on feet can damage or tear the ligaments because of which the plantar fascia becomes inflamed, and the inflammation causes heel pain and stiffness.
  2. Rheumatoid arthritis: It is an autoimmune condition that affects the joints and causes swelling of the joint lining (synovium). It commonly affects the small joints of the hands and feet. Surgery is required when the condition leads to deformity or cartilage loss.
  3. Sesamoiditis: It is a condition where there is a pain on the bottom of the foot at the base of the great toe. Excision of the chronically inflamed sesamoid is required.Ankle arthritis: It is usually caused by osteoarthritis where the cartilage covering the ends of bones gradually roughens and becomes thin and the bone underneath thickens. This leads to pain, swelling, and occasional deformity of the joint. 
  4. Fracture: Healing fractures require immobilizing the foot with a boot and sometimes even surgery.
  5. Bone spurs: An excessive growth of bone is causing pain or limitation of movement. These spurs develop at the edge of the joint causing pain, tenderness, and difficulty in walking. Surgery is required to remove these excessive growths.
  6. Gangrene: It is one of the most common conditions requiring amputation where the death of the tissue occurs.
  7. Clubfoot/Talipes Equinovarus: It is a foot deformity in newborns where the foot is rotated inwards (varus) and downwards (equinus).
  8. Claw Toes/Hammer Toes: It is a condition affecting the toes in people as they age causing difficulty and pain while walking. The affected joints require replacement with artificial joint or fusion (surgical stiffening). 
  9. Morton's Neuroma: The patient presents with pain in the forefoot, in the “ball” of the foot causing irritation of one or more of the small nerves, just before they travel into the toes.
  10. Hallux Valgus/Bunion: It is one of the most common conditions, especially seen among women, where bony lumps develop on the side of the foot and at the base of the big toe causing malpositioning of the foot. For some people, it is only a cosmetic problem. Bunionectomy is a surgery performed to remove the bony prominence.
  11. Hallux Limitus/Rigidus: It is an arthritic condition of the big toe joint leading to pain and loss of motion.
  12. Diabetes mellitus: It affects circulation and blood supply causing delayed healing. Ulcerations, infections, and sometimes severe infections require amputations.
  13. Cysts and ganglions: These are painful lumps that cause pressure and rub on the shoe while walking. If a change in the footwear doesn’t solve the problem, surgical removal of the cyst or ganglion is done.

Common Joint Problems That Can Affect Anyone!

MS - Orthopaedics, Fellow In arthroscopy
Orthopedist, Ahmedabad
Common Joint Problems That Can Affect Anyone!

Orthopaedics is a branch of surgery primarily concerned with bones. It involves treating the musculoskeletal system through both surgical and nonsurgical means. The treatments can heal injuries suffered while playing any sport, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors and congenital disorders.

What leads to joint problems? 

Joint pain is mainly caused by injury affecting the ligaments or tendons surrounding the joint. One of the features of joint inflammation is pain, as a result of arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, infection and in an extremely rare, pain could be due to cancer of the joint.

What are the symptoms and signs?

To get the right kind of treatment and be relieved from the pain, it’s important to understand the symptoms. Some of the signs and symptoms associated with joint pain include the following:

  • Joint Swelling: This is a very common phenomena, which can result in pain and stiffness. When you have swelling after suffering any injury, that invariably means, there is a tear in the ligament or muscle tendon or you have a broken bone.
  • Joint Redness If you are suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, then redness of the joints is a very common feature. Injury to the joint can also lead to the development of redness in the area.
  • Stiffness in the joint: Joint stiffness is another symptom, which occurs due to inflammation and swelling in the joint. These are also clear indications for arthritis.
  • Locking of the joint: The problem of arthritis invariably leads to locking of the joint. This happens because the cartilage becomes weary and hence the ends of the bones that form a joint become rough.
  • Limping: Limping typically refers to any sort of difficulty which people might face while walking. During this situation, a person might prefer using one leg over another and it happens mostly due to any sort of disease or damage to the legs and feet.

How can you stay away from developing joint related problems?

There are certain precautionary measures, which would ultimately allow people to lead a healthy life, devoid of joint pain till at later stages of their lives. Some of the measures are discussed below to present a clear perspective:

  • Weight control – Knees represent the largest joint in one’s body, which carry the entire load of the body. Hence, keeping one’s weight under control is the way to go as problems mainly arise due to overweight.
  • Exercise with caution – Exercise is an ideal way to keep oneself fit and healthy but too of exercise can have adverse effects on your health, like pushing joints too far or not taking precaution while lifting weights.
  • Take care of your diet – Losing weight is important but dieting should not be the way forward. A balanced diet should be maintained to lead a healthy lifestyle.

So, we have looked at what Orthopaedics is all about, what leads to joint problems, talked about the symptoms and finally how could people stay away from these problems. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2525 people found this helpful

Knee Pain - 9 Interesting Ways You Can Manage It!

MBBS, Craniosacral Balancing, Quantum Touch, Visceral manipulation
Pain Management Specialist, Panchkula
Knee Pain - 9 Interesting Ways You Can Manage It!

Knee pain can be more debilitating than other body pains given that it can limit a person’s mobility. For a person who is used to moving about, limited mobility can be very upsetting. It can also lead to emotional issues like depression due to losing independence. While wear and tear with age (osteoarthritis) was the most common cause of knee pain, altered lifestyles have caused more people to have knee pain due to lack of physical exercise.

The age group which has knee pain and the severity have changed. However, there are various non-medical methods which have been proven to be safer and also effective in managing this knee pain and keeping a person on their feet.

  1. Exercise: As soon as you realize that your joints are acting up, get expert help and get a set of exercise which will help you stay on the move. This should help both in pain relief and in arresting further damage of the joints. The ligaments and muscles should be worked routinely without exceeding limits and causing further damage. In most cases, guided by a good physio, pain can be managed well and disease progression arrested.
  2. Hydrotherapy: Try warm water (or a warm towel wrap) to which Epsom salt can be added. This will improve blood circulation and reduce pain.
  3. Acupuncture: Relieving the pressure points by using small needles help in managing the nerves and provides pain relief.
  4. Massage: One of the best-proven techniques, using warm herbal oils like tea tree oil, eucalyptus oil, etc., can provide very good pain relief. These penetrate into the skin and are also known to have medicinal benefits.
  5. Yoga: Different asanas are meant for different parts of the body. There are asanas meant specifically to improve knee flexibility and function, which can provide great pain relief.
  6. Quit alcohol: Alcohol can worsen any sleep issues, and this can further aggravate pain. A sound sleep is one of the best ways to get pain relief, so anything which comes in the way of a good sleep should be managed.
  7. Quit smoking: Smoking affects blood flow adversely and reduces pain tolerance. One of the best ways to improve the overall quality of life is to quit smoking.
  8. Pain tracker: Maintain a pain tracker and look for patterns. When is the pain worse, what worsens it, which part is affected, etc. This can help you identify exercises and methods which can help in controlling the pain.
  9. Social support: Whether it is your earlier or the next generation, get physical and emotional help. Take your grandkids to play along with you, and see your pain vanish into thin air.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2869 people found this helpful

Osteochondritis Dissecans Of Talus - Signs You Need To Be Aware Of!

M S Ortho, D - Ortho, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Osteochondritis Dissecans Of Talus - Signs You Need To Be Aware Of!

Osteochondritis dissecans of Talus, more commonly known as OCD Talus, is a condition affecting the ankle. In it, a portion of the joint bone gets separated from the joint due to faulty blood supply. In some cases, the bone may remain in place and gradually repair itself over time. However, most of the times, the bone splinter falls into the joint, hindering mobility and causing great pain.

Symptoms of OCD Talus
Here is a look at some of the symptoms and signs which you are likely to encounter if you suffer from OCD Talus.

  1. The ankle joint will be swollen and sore.
  2. While trying to move the joint, it may get locked or caught up, preventing the full range of motion.
  3. You may feel a cracking or popping sound when the joint is in motion. This sound is known as crepitus.
  4. A general weakness of the ankle joint is also a marked symptom in most cases.
  5. Fluid deposits may be formed at the joint affected, causing even more inflammation and discomfort. This is known as an effusion.
  6. The condition will be painful and the pain increases with physical activities such as walking or exercise.

Treatment options for OCD Talus patients
While there are many different treatment methods for the condition, some are more effective than the others. At the initial stages of the disorder, the doctor may-

  1. advise you to rest the ankle and thus give the splintered bones time to heal.
  2. advise you to take a break from sports if you are involved in such activities.
  3. prescribe non-steroidal pain medications to deal with the discomfort resulting from the condition.
  4. suggest wearing braces or other artificial devices to immobilize the joint temporarily. The patients may need to use crutches in such cases.

The treatment methods mentioned above usually work for children and young adults. However, people of advanced ages may suffer from additional complications. Surgery is a viable option and it can help patients in two ways. It can restore normal blood flow, which may be suppressed due to the bone splinter, and it can also repair the ankle joint.

OCD Talus affects a very limited number of people. Osteochondritis dissecans is more common in knees and elbow joints. Almost 75 percent of OCD cases affect the knee joint. However, if your ankles are affected, it may be just as severe and can greatly affect your ability to move properly. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4030 people found this helpful

Elbow pain - Role Of Exercise Along With Medication

MBBS, DNB - Orthopedics, MNAMS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Pune
Elbow pain - Role Of Exercise Along With Medication

When simple activities like opening the door or lifting a bag of groceries tend to cause pain in the elbow, it can be a cause for concern. Taken for granted, the elbows assist in various movements and when pain limits their movement, it can be very distressful. That is what happened to John who had issues picking up his laptop. Trying to tightly close the water bottle would leave his elbows hurting. When he sought medical help, the doctor helped identify the exact location and cause of pain. What followed was a multi-pronged approach with medication and exercise. In about 3 months, the pain was almost gone and then it improved to a state where there is an absolutely painless movement now.

Most people with elbow pain (or any joint pain for that matter) also experience a reduced range of motion. While as a short-term measure, exercises can definitely reduce the pain and take care of the inflammation, the long-term approach should be to work on the overall health of the joints and bones.

The elbow is hinge joint with bones in between arm and forearm that move with the help of fibrous tendons and ligaments. Elbow pain can be due to the following reasons:

  1. Overuse or repetitive stress injuries (RSI) causing either tennis elbow or golfer’s elbow. In either tennis or golf, the elbow joint is repeatedly subjected to a movement that causes strain on that muscle.
  2. An Infection: This could reach the elbow joint from the skin or develop within.
  3. Conditions like rheumatoid arthritis which affect the elbows and have no identified trigger.

Whatever the cause, pain medications provide immediate but temporary relief from pain and improve movement. Long-term requires exercises which will improve circulation, sensation, and restore movement to as close to normal as possible.

The following 4 steps help in managing elbow pain:

  1. Apply heat: A moist, warm towel or pad helps in improving circulation and helps in healing.
  2. Rest: While exercise is necessary for keeping the joints agile, rest after overuse is equally important. This along with heat allows the tissues to recover so they can jump back to optimal functional levels.
  3. Stretching: Repeat stretching for about 10 to 15 minutes 3 to 5 times per day will greatly help in restoring normal elbow movement. Of note, stretching should be done only after the initial pain is gone.
  4. Braces: To provide complete rest to the ligaments, a brace may be used which can also be applied for counter-traction and helps in healing.

Ignoring elbow pain in the early stages can lead to progression, so early intervention is advisable. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3683 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Degenerative Joint Disease
Hello,

I am not a Hardik Gondia practicing Orthopaedic surgeon in Mumbai. So, today I would like to speak about osteoarthritis of the knee joint there are various type of Arthritis of the knee joint broadly they are divided into a primary and secondary osteoarthritis is comes in the primary category of the secondary categories post-traumatic for post-infectious Arthritis. However, today I will talk only about the osteoarthritis of the knee osteoarthritis is a progressive form of Arthritis is characterized by breakdown of the cartilage of the knee joint it is also called as wear and Tear Arthritis it is usually found in the people more than 60 years of age however young people can also have it the common joints affected for the Arthritis is the knee joint spine is also affected Indians.

In some Western countries hip joint is also affected the common symptom of operators is the pain which is gradually increasing over a period of time and which is disability disabling to the patient. The other symptoms being stiffness is usually present in the morning times and as the patient vox stiffness comes down the other symptoms of the deformity of the legs in which the bro the bones become crooked the last thing is the bone grating sensation as the patient makes the movement of the knee joints.

The bones rub against each other which causes the patient to gives a grating sensation when the patient moves his knees the most common factor for the osteoarthritis is the age as one gross cold osteoarthritis is pretty much evident for the needs in the knees are the factors being the gender females are more affected in osteoarthritis then the mails maybe because of postmenopausal arthritis most winner whistle osteoporosis which leads to the Apparatus weight being III important factor which causes osteoarthritis why did the weight is less the stress and strain is reduced at the joint which causes delayed osteoporosis. osteoporosis also one of the important actors causing osteoarthritis if the calcium levels of the bones are less the Bourne grating and the Oscar for osteoarthritis increases there is no specific treatment for osteoarthritis.

How to join functions can be improved with daily exercises in the form of swimming swimming is the best exercise for the patient is osteoarthritis II exercises is the walking routine works of at least 30 minutes per day is sufficient enough the other exercises are by cycling yoga can be done loss of weight is the most important modifying factor for the osteoarthritis various Plains are available for osteoarthritis which help in preventing the deformity of the lake medications are available in the form of non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs steroids or disease-modifying agents with all these medications and the exercises with a weight loss if the deformity and the pain causes the last option to go in his for total knee replacement knee replacement is actuary surfacing of the bones of the needs in which a part of a leg bone and part of a thigh bone is cut and it is replaced by metallic objects with a plastic part in between the metallic objects so that the bone grating is avoided the metal parts bride against the plastic and hence the pain of the knee joint is almost negligible and the movements are preserved.

Play video
Joint Pain
Joint Pain: Causes and Treatment
Play video
Ayurvedic Treatment for Joint Disorders
The Ayuredic approach to cure joint pain and other joint disorders

Good morning everyone my name is Dr. Pratik Bhoite and today we are going to discuss Joint disorders and its remedies by Ayurveda.

Ayurveda is the science of life it is a non side effective treatment which is there from ancient times. Ayurveda is known to cure chronic diseases and joint problems from the past many decades. Now what exactly is joint disorders any problem happening to your joint in which there is pain stiffness swelling is called joint disorders. The most common form of joint disorders is arthritis. Arthritis today affects more than fifteen percent of the Indian population. it is a serious problem basically a problem which was occurring in the age of 60s today is knocking those when you are at the age of 30s. So it is a great concern for everyone. How does Ayurveda help in the joint problems.

Joint disorders have been or to immune in nature. Rheumatoid arthritis, alkalizing spondylitis, gout these diseases have grabbed people of today. So in Ayurveda basically the ayurvedic formulations along with panchakarma therapy has been found very effective in the joint diseases. Ayurveda is known to give a specific disease wise a dietary regime which when followed by the patient is really helpful and is found to be effective. Ayurveda has do's and don't which when followed in the right manner helps the patient to reduce the symptoms. Joint disorders basically include the main symptom pain. Patient are really worried regarding the pain when they are walking or when it is paining continuously and if their pain subsides they find joint disorders to be cured but actually the joint disorders is not cured.

So Ayurveda believes in removing the disease from the root cause. Hence it is very important to get rid of the diseases causing elements and eliminate the cause which is causing the disease. Thus by having prepared formulations and following a dietary regime along with a specific exercise really helps in joint disorders. Now let us move on to panchakarma today the pancha karma treatment is known to all now what exactly is this panchakarma treatment.

Panchakarma treatment is nothing but a natural way in which the diseases causing elements are removed out of the body. For joint disorders basti that is medicated anima is found to be the most effective treatment of all. Thus when these Ayurvedic formulations are taken it reduces that increased vata dosha in the body which causes decrease in the vitiation of pitta and cough and ultimately the defective asti and mojada to which are the integral part of the joint are cured thus, in the long run, the joint remains healthy. So you can imagine at the age of 60 someone saying hey I am consuming Ayurvedic medicines and am healthy. It reduces the degeneration which is happening in the body and keeps you healthy thus the Ayurvedic medicine is found to be very effective in joint disorders even though the treatment takes time but having a longer duration treatment helps you to make sure that the healing of the body and the diseases causing elements are removed from the body.

So, I hope that with the treatment surely helps you in your joint problems for ayurvedic treatment and punchkarma therapies. It is very easy to get in touch with me at lybrate.com. thank you stay blessed, stay healthy. God bless you.
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