Joint pain refers to pain that occurs in the joints. It can be caused due to various reasons including injuries, infections, arthritis, and, rarely, cancer in the joints. Joint pain can occur in the knees, ankles, elbows, and shoulders. Sometimes, this pain can also be caused by certain sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Extremely strenuous physical activity and too much exercise can also sometimes lead to pain in the joints. Joint pain can be managed fairly easily. Its symptoms – swelling, limping, and redness – can also be taken care of along with the pain itself. There are many ways to treat joint pain and they vary on the basis of the severity and cause of the pain. If caused by an injury, joint pain can be treated by treating the injury. This means using bandages and medicines to help the affected area heal quickly. Similarly, if the pain is caused due to arthritis, there are specific medications and treatments that can be administered to manage the pain. These include anti-inflammatory and antibiotic medications that will be prescribed to you by your doctor. Finally, if your joint pain is caused due to infections or STDs, the course to treat the pain is essentially to treat the underlying problem first. This includes taking antibiotics and medications that are specific to the infection that you have. In most cases, joint pain can be treated fairly quickly and is not something to worry about. Though it can cause a lot of discomfort and even difficulty in movement, it is rarely more sinister than it seems.
Treating joint pain depends largely on the cause of pain. This is why your doctor will first examine the joints that hurt and ask you a lot of questions about your pain, diet, recent physical activity, and whether you are currently taking any medications (in case it is a side effect of something). Often, the path to diagnosis includes taking X-rays to determine whether there is a minor fracture or sprain in the area, or any other problem. Once the cause of the pain is determined, the doctor will then prescribe the correct course of treatment for you. In terms of the kinds of medications you may have to take, there are plenty that can be prescribed. If you are suffering from arthritis, you will be given medicines that are known to supress the immune system. This can help relieve some of the inflammation in the joints and help you manage the pain on the whole. You will also be given certain anti-inflammatory medicines as well. Furthermore, you may have to receive cortisone injections as well. It is also common for doctors to prescribe pain relief medications, especially if the pain is so severe that it is interfering with your daily life. If the joint pain is caused by gout, you will receive gout medications. Joint pain that is caused due to infections is treated with the help of antibiotics. Your doctor can tell you the exact dosage that is required along with the time period for medication.
Anyone who has pain in the joints is eligible for any of the treatments mentioned above. It all depends on the underlying cause of the pain.
If your pain is psychosomatic, you may not be eligible for the traditional forms of treatment. In order to treat this type of pain, you will be referred to a psychiatrist or psychologist to help you get to the root cause of the pain. The treatment here includes talk therapy and medications that are meant for calming down your nerves.
As is the case with most medications, there are certain side effects that you should be vary of. If you have been prescribed antibiotics, you may develop a mild fever as a reaction to the medication. This is completely normal as antibiotics do tend to raise the temperature of the body a little bit. Furthermore, if you are allergic to specific ingredients that are used in medicine or as medicine, such as penicillin (which is quite common in most pain relief drugs), you should mention it to your doctor as you may end up developing an allergy. The allergy can present itself as dermatitis, sneezing, or even swelling in the throat and mouth and can be quite dangerous. Always be careful about the medication that you are taking.
The post treatment guidelines depend largely on the reason for your joint pain. If you developed joint pain due to strenuous physical activity, you will be advised to rest and take it easy for a few days. Even when you get back into your normal routine, you will be required to ease your body into your daily exercise instead of starting off at the highest point you can manage. If your joint pain is caused due to arthritis, your doctor will recommend several ways for you to manage your pain. You will be asked to avoid stressful activities, including walking for too long, as it puts unrequired pressure on your joints and causes them to get inflamed. Often, people are advised to change their diets to include food products that are anti-inflammatory to make the condition a bit more manageable. There are no specific post treatment guidelines for joint pain that is caused by infections other than just to be hygienic and keep the area as clean as possible.
Joint pain that is caused due to injury or infection can be treated in a matter of days, at most a few weeks, depending on the severity of the injury or infection. On the other hand, joint pain associated with arthritis comes and goes as is something that has to be managed throughout one’s life. There is no permanent treatment for the same. Joint pain caused by strenuous physical activity also takes a few days to recover from. The effect of taking pain medications, however, is often immediate.
Most pain relief medications cost under Rs 100 for a single leaf of pills. Antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications also cost under Rs 100. Arthritis medications range in cost from Rs 50 to Rs 150, depending on the type of medication that is prescribed as well as the dosage that you are required to take.
The results of the treatment for joint pain caused by arthritis is not permanent. The pain will come and go throughout your life as arthritis causes stiffness in the joints as well as swelling and there is bound to be some pain that comes with the same. The results of the treatment for joint pain caused by infections and injuries, on the other hand, is permanent.
There are many home remedies that one can resort to in order to treat joint pain. Using hot and cold compresses is a common way to deal with most muscular and bone pain and can work for joint pain as well. Altering the diet to include foods that have anti-inflammatory properties, such as turmeric, is another way to combat joint pain. Using essential oils with anti-inflammatory properties during a massage, or adding them to a diffuser can also help with joint pain. You can use oils such as clove essential oil, rosemary essential oil, peppermint essential oil, clary sage essential oil, and lavender essential oil. Furthermore, using herbal supplements can also help you manage joint pain. You can use gingko, stinging nettle, devil’s claw, or thunder god vine, as required. Scheduling regular massages can also help you a lot. Of course, it is always advised to consult with your doctor before using any home remedies to prevent any adverse effects from occurring. You can consult with a herbalist for the same reasons as well.
A group of tendons and muscles that surround the shoulder joint are known as rotator cuff muscles. These muscles allow the tip of the upper arm to be fixated on the shoulder socket. Rotator cuff injuries tend to occur if you perform repetitive movements overhead with professional such as carpenters, tennis players and painters are at the highest risk of this injury.
The muscles that constitute the rotator cuff are:
The primary function of the muscles mentioned above is to work together in stabilizing the shoulder joint. A rotator cuff injury leads to problems in these muscles and may lead to impaired functioning of the shoulder.
The symptoms of rotator cuff injury are:
Rotator cuff injury may result from the following causes
This condition is treated by using various methods, such as medications and physiotherapy. NSAIDs are prescribed to treat the pain along with various physiotherapeutic exercises to strengthen the joints. In severe cases, surgery may be required to fix the injury. It is recommended to balance the shoulder muscle strength by focusing on exercises that work the rotator cuff. Any external rotation movement helps in strengthening the rotator cuff.
Orthopaedics is a branch of surgery primarily concerned with bones. It involves treating the musculoskeletal system through both surgical and nonsurgical means. The treatments can heal injuries suffered while playing any sport, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors and congenital disorders.
What leads to joint problems?
Joint pain is mainly caused by injury affecting the ligaments or tendons surrounding the joint. One of the features of joint inflammation is pain, as a result of arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, infection and in an extremely rare, pain could be due to cancer of the joint.
What are the symptoms and signs?
To get the right kind of treatment and be relieved from the pain, it’s important to understand the symptoms. Some of the signs and symptoms associated with joint pain include the following:
How can you stay away from developing joint related problems?
There are certain precautionary measures, which would ultimately allow people to lead a healthy life, devoid of joint pain till at later stages of their lives. Some of the measures are discussed below to present a clear perspective:
So, we have looked at what Orthopaedics is all about, what leads to joint problems, talked about the symptoms and finally how could people stay away from these problems. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Knee pain can be more debilitating than other body pains given that it can limit a person’s mobility. For a person who is used to moving about, limited mobility can be very upsetting. It can also lead to emotional issues like depression due to losing independence. While wear and tear with age (osteoarthritis) was the most common cause of knee pain, altered lifestyles have caused more people to have knee pain due to lack of physical exercise.
The age group which has knee pain and the severity have changed. However, there are various non-medical methods which have been proven to be safer and also effective in managing this knee pain and keeping a person on their feet.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Osteochondritis dissecans of Talus, more commonly known as OCD Talus, is a condition affecting the ankle. In it, a portion of the joint bone gets separated from the joint due to faulty blood supply. In some cases, the bone may remain in place and gradually repair itself over time. However, most of the times, the bone splinter falls into the joint, hindering mobility and causing great pain.
Symptoms of OCD Talus
Here is a look at some of the symptoms and signs which you are likely to encounter if you suffer from OCD Talus.
Treatment options for OCD Talus patients
While there are many different treatment methods for the condition, some are more effective than the others. At the initial stages of the disorder, the doctor may-
The treatment methods mentioned above usually work for children and young adults. However, people of advanced ages may suffer from additional complications. Surgery is a viable option and it can help patients in two ways. It can restore normal blood flow, which may be suppressed due to the bone splinter, and it can also repair the ankle joint.
OCD Talus affects a very limited number of people. Osteochondritis dissecans is more common in knees and elbow joints. Almost 75 percent of OCD cases affect the knee joint. However, if your ankles are affected, it may be just as severe and can greatly affect your ability to move properly. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
When simple activities like opening the door or lifting a bag of groceries tend to cause pain in the elbow, it can be a cause for concern. Taken for granted, the elbows assist in various movements and when pain limits their movement, it can be very distressful. That is what happened to John who had issues picking up his laptop. Trying to tightly close the water bottle would leave his elbows hurting. When he sought medical help, the doctor helped identify the exact location and cause of pain. What followed was a multi-pronged approach with medication and exercise. In about 3 months, the pain was almost gone and then it improved to a state where there is an absolutely painless movement now.
Most people with elbow pain (or any joint pain for that matter) also experience a reduced range of motion. While as a short-term measure, exercises can definitely reduce the pain and take care of the inflammation, the long-term approach should be to work on the overall health of the joints and bones.
The elbow is hinge joint with bones in between arm and forearm that move with the help of fibrous tendons and ligaments. Elbow pain can be due to the following reasons:
Whatever the cause, pain medications provide immediate but temporary relief from pain and improve movement. Long-term requires exercises which will improve circulation, sensation, and restore movement to as close to normal as possible.
The following 4 steps help in managing elbow pain:
Ignoring elbow pain in the early stages can lead to progression, so early intervention is advisable. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!