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Joint Pain Tips

Joint Pain - Know Ayurvedic Remedies For It!

Dr. Manish C. Dhuri 92% (33 ratings)
MS - Ayurveda, BAMS
Ayurveda, Mumbai
Joint Pain - Know Ayurvedic Remedies For It!

In Ayurveda, joint pain is known as 'Sandhigata Vata'. Arthritis and Joint pain are among the most prevalent problems faced by adults, mostly old people. As per ayurveda, 'vata Dosha' Is responsible for joint pains and other discomforts associated with it. Natural remedies and proper lifestyle techniques can be utilized to balance the 'vata' to lessen the occurrence and severity of joint pain. Factors including,old age, obesity, injury and strenuous physical activities (that require a lot of joint movements) are responsible for disturbing the balance of your 'vata'.

The following are some ayurvedic home remedies that can be utilized to treat joint pain:

1. Massage therapy - Warm coconut, castor, mustard, olive or garlic oil can be utilized to massage the affected areas to lessen the intensity of pain. If you massage the affected joints with natural oils, it improves blood circulation and relaxes the swelling and stiffness in the region.

2. Hot And Cold Compress - Cold and hot compresses can be utilized to ease your joint pain effectively. Heat compression decreases the pain, increases the blood circulation and relaxes the swollen joints and muscles. On the other hand, cold therapy lessens the inflammation of the affected joint. Place hot and cold towel alternatively on the affected area to achieve immediate relief from persistent pain.

3. Fenugreek - Ingest a teaspoon of ground fenugreek seeds and drink a glass of lukewarm water. Fenugreek has anti inflammatory and antioxidant properties that make it effective for joint pains.Follow this remedy every morning on a regular basis to achieve optimal results.

4. Turmeric - Add a pinch of turmeric and a teaspoon of honey in a glass of lukewarm water and drink this solution on a regular basis for a week. Turmeric contains anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which makes it an excellent remedy for treating joint pains.

5. Apple cider vinegar - Add 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar and a little honey to a cup of lukewarm water. Drink this solution twice daily, before your meals. Apple cider vinegar has alkalizing effect, which makes it an effective remedy to remove the toxins that are responsible for causing joint pain.

6. Healthy diet - A balanced diet that comprises a lot of green leafy vegetables and fresh seasonal fruits is good for your joints. The uncontrolled intake of fatty food, dairy products, and high sodium diet must be avoided in order to avoid arthritis and joint pain.

1 person found this helpful

Knee Pain - How Ayurveda Can Reduce It?

Dr. G S Lavekar 91% (9345 ratings)
Ph.D - Ayurveda, MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Delhi
Knee Pain - How Ayurveda Can Reduce It?

Ayurveda is a very old system of medicine, which originated in India. Using herbs found in nature to cure various illnesses, knee pain can also be permanently cured with this method indigenous to India. It reduces knee pain caused by various illnesses including arthritis, inflammation of the cartilage and wearing of the patella among others.

Here are some common Ayurvedic remedies, which help reduce knee pain:

1. Alfalfa: Alfalfa is medically known as Medicago Sativa. Alfalfa is excellent for making sure that your joint pain reduces, when taken in liquid form four times a day.

2. Ashwagandha: Ashwagandha is medically known as Withania Somnifera. In the West, Ashwagandha is popularly known as Winter Cherry. Also, it has a lot of therapeutic properties, which include reducing joint pains. 

3. Banyan: The Banyan tree's medical name is Ficus Benghalensis. It has a sap very similar to the form of rubber known as latex is derived from the Banyan tree. The Banyan tree's sap is externally applied over the joints and the pain usually disappears after a few regular applications. 

4. Bishop's weed: The medical name for Bishop's weed is Trachyspermum Ammi. The oil extracted from this herb is usually applied to the knees to reduce the intensity of such knee pains.

5. Celery: The medical name for celery is Apium Graveolens. Celery is not only effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis and associated pains in the knees, but it is also helpful in treating gout. It is usually agreed upon that this particular treatment is usually long lasting because of its alkaline nature.

6. Dandelion: Dandelion's biological name is Taraxacum Officinale. It is rich in magnesium and is crucial for the correct mineralization of the bones. This mineralization allows the bones to become stronger and also prevents knee pain.

7.  Garlic: The medical name for garlic is allium sativum. Five to six cloves eaten every day has proved to reduce knee pains.

8. Ginger: Ginger is biologically called Zingiber Officinale. These can be easily included in your diet and go a long way in curbing knee pain.

Damaged Cartilage - Know Role Of PRICE Therapy In It!

Dr. Rajesh Verma 85% (10 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics, AO Fellowship in Trauma, Fellow Spine Surgeon, fellow in Endoscopic Spine Surgery
Orthopedist, Gurgaon

Cartilage is a tough, flexible tissue found throughout the body. It acts as a cushion between the bones and covers the surface of the joints. People having damaged cartilage often suffer from inflammation, stiffness and pain in joints.

What causes damage to the cartilage?

  • Direct blow: When the bones suffer from a direct blow during an accident or fall, the cartilage can get damaged. Athletes have a high risk of having damaged cartilage, particular those involved in wrestling, rugby, and football.
  • Wear and tear: Cartilage can get damaged due to excess stress on the bones over a period of time. Obese people are at high risk of having damaged knee cartilage as there is excess pressure on their knees.
  • Lack of movement: Lack of movement or immobility can increase the risk of damaged cartilage.

What are the symptoms of damaged cartilage?

  • You may suffer from joint pain which increases during walking or when you put on weight.
  • Swelling of the joint is a common symptom of damaged cartilage.
  • You may feel the stiffness of joints.
  • Your joint may get locked.
  • A click or grinding sensation on your joint.

How can you diagnose that you have damaged cartilage?
With the help of many non-invasive tests, your doctor can diagnose whether you have damaged cartilage or not. Some of the common tests carried out to diagnose damaged cartilage include Arthroscopy and MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging).

What are the treatments available for damaged cartilage?
Treatment for damaged cartilage depends on the severity of the case and if you have injured your joint and still can walk and put on weight, you can be treated with PRICE therapy. PRICE stands for:

  • Protection: You have to keep your injured joint protected from further injuries with the help of a knee brace or support.
  • Rest: Give ample rest to the affected area for the initial three-four days. After that, you can move into your daily activities again.
  • Ice: Apply an ice pack wrapped in a towel on the affected area every three-four areas. This will help in soothing the inflammation and reduce the soothing.
  • Compression: Compress, or bandage the affected area with an elastic bandage to avoid swelling and movement of the area.
  • Elevation: Keep the affected area raised with the help of a pillow to reduce swelling.

Physiotherapy can be helpful in strengthening the muscles around the affected joint. Your doctor may refer you to a physiotherapist who can treat you at your home. Severe cartilage damages need to be treated with surgery.

1 person found this helpful

How To Take Care Of Your Joints With Growing Age?

Dr. Rupak Kumar 88% (28 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Ranchi
How To Take Care Of Your Joints With Growing Age?

Skin is one of the most obvious parts of our body which ages with an increase in the number of candles on our birthday cakes. As you age, joints tend to become stiffer and less flexible. The body does not recover from bumps and bruises as easily as it did before, and it becomes difficult to stand for extended time intervals. This is caused mostly by a breakdown of cartilage and inflammation of the synovium.

What is cartilage?

Cartilage is a flexible connective tissue. It connects the ends of two bones in a joint. It is softer than bone tissue but less flexible than muscle tissue. Cartilage is responsible for the smooth movement of joints. 
With age, cartilage begins to degenerate. As the cartilage gets thinner, movement becomes more and more difficult. If left untreated, the cartilage may completely wear off leaving no buffer between the bones. This is one of the leading causes of knee replacement surgery

What is synovium?

Synovium is a membrane responsible for keeping the cartilage healthy. It produces a thick fluid that keeps the cartilage and joint lubricated. In cases of osteoarthritis, this membrane can swell up and produce excess fluid. This in turn causes the joint to swell as well. 
Along with age, factors like being overweight, genetics, gender and lifestyle also play a role in the condition of your joints. Being obese points towards a sedentary lifestyle and puts extra pressure on joints, leading to the thinning of cartilage. While men have higher chances of becoming osteoarthritis patients before 45, women have higher chances of developing this disease after 50. A healthy lifestyle is the easiest way to ensure that your joints work well even when you're old and grey. 

Exercise

Movement of the joints keeps the fluid in them moving. It also prevents the cartilage from shrinking and stiffening up. Exercise also makes the bones stronger, and slows the rate of bone tissue deterioration. Stretching exercises are also a good way to maintain the flexibility of joints. 

Healthy diet

Foods that are known as natural anti histamines, antioxidants and foods that fight inflammation promote healthy joints. Some of these are:

-  Green tea: It prevents the breakdown of collagen and cartilage
-  Nuts and seeds: These are rich in omega 3 fats that are essential for good bone health
-  Ginger: It relieves pain and joint swelling
-  Yogurt: It helps soothe tender joints and fights inflammation
-  Pomegranate: It protects the cartilage against damage

Hot and cold therapy can also help relieve joint pain and reduce inflammation. As you get older, avoid putting too much pressure on your joints and give them adequate rest. Lastly, avoid smoking, as people who smoke have an increased risk of cartilage loss.

2 people found this helpful

Ankle Joint Pain - Know The Causes & Treatment!

Dr. Nandan Rao 92% (19 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship& Shoulder & Elbow Surgery, Fellowship In Sports Orthopaedics, Arthroscopy And Shoulder Surgery
Orthopedist, Navi Mumbai
Ankle Joint Pain - Know The Causes & Treatment!

Pain in ankle joints can be attributed to different sources. If there is a sudden event resulting in acute pain, it is more likely to be a sprain. If it is a chronic pain that is progressing over time, it is very likely to be due to various causes. If it is an ankle sprain, it is very likely to get well over time with treatment. If it is due to arthritis or untreated injury the outcomes may be different.

Ankle Sprain

Ankle sprains result from injury to ligaments that connect the bones of the ankle. Such an injury usually happens if someone accidentally twists his/her ankle in daily life or road accidents.

Treatment for Ankle Sprain

Ankle sprains are accidents, and need rest, ice, compression and elevation initially. However, if there is a severe sprain or a fracture, people may also need to consult an orthopaedic surgeon and may need to wear a brace and use crutches.

Osteoarthritis of Ankle

Osteoarthritis leads to inflammation of the ankle joint. It leads to swelling around the ankle joint and soft tissue surrounding it. It can cause stiffness and pain. It leads to progressive joint deterioration as the smooth cartilage around the joints gradually loses its functionality. As a consequence, the bones in the ankle joint rub against each other giving rise to wear and tear as well as pain. It has the potential to limit motion and joint function. It may also give rise to ankle deformities.

Treatment for Ankle Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is difficult to be cured completely. Doctors may prescribe custom shoes, braces, anti-inflammatory medications and/or physical therapy to control pain and inflammation. In case of severe arthritic damage, patients may need surgery for cartilage repair, arthroplasty, etc.

Gout and other inflammatory arthritis

When uric acid deposits in the ankle joint, it gives rise to gout. Other inflammatory arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis can also cause ankle pain and swelling. In these cases the pain and swelling starts on its own in a matter of days and causes severe pain.

Treatment

Patients need to consult an orthopaedic surgeon/ rheumatologist, undergo blood tests and other tests to diagnose the condition and take appropriate treatment

Osteochondritis dessicans

In this condition the blood supply to bone under the cartilage reduces and causes bone death. In advanced cases the cartilage may come off and cause ankle pain and swelling. The pain starts slowly and intensity increases with time. Ankle may swell sometimes and patients may limp while walking.

Treatment

Patients need to consult an orthopaedic surgeon. In initial stages rest, medications and bracing may help. In advanced stages patients may need to undergo MRI and if needed arthroscopic surgery.

Loose bodies in ankle joint

These are bony or cartilage pieces that float in joint and cause destruction of the joint. This leads to pain, swelling and stiffness of ankle. Patient may limp while walking or have locking of the joint. These loose bodies can occur due to ankle sprains, injuries in road accidents or after ankle fractures.

Treatment

Loose bodies in ankle need to be removed otherwise they cause joint destruction. Most of them can be removed by arthroscopic surgery. Patients need to consult an arthroscopic orthopaedic surgeon and need to get an MRI/CT scan.

Conclusion

These are some of the ankle joint problems and the treatments related to it. However, it is always a great idea to consult a doctor or an orthopedic specialist for the best treatment depending upon the severity of the condition.

4008 people found this helpful

Ways To Treat Shoulder Arthritis!

Dr. B V R N Varma 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics, Trauma and Orthopedics training, dnb training, fellowship in joint replacement surgery, m.ch(ortho), fellowship in adult hip and knee computer navigated surgery(switzerland)
Orthopedist, Visakhapatnam
Ways To Treat Shoulder Arthritis!

The shoulders are the most mobile joints in your body. Shoulder joints undergo wear and a tear over time and hence become unstable. Shoulder arthritis is one of the painful conditions affecting the shoulder joints. Arthritis not only takes a toll on the tendons and muscles, but also affects the ligaments and joints too. They usually cause symptoms such as joint pain, resulting in limited mobility.

Treatment:

Nonsurgical or Lifestyle treatments:

  1. Take rest or avoid the activities that provoke pain or change the way of your arm movements.
  2. Physical therapy boosts shoulder mobility.
  3. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or aspirin alleviate pain and inflammation.
  4. Corticosteroid injections in the shoulders can also help to ease the pain and inflammation, although temporarily.
  5. Applying moist heat or ice packs over the shoulders for about half an hour at least thrice a day brings relief.
  6. Drugs such as methotrexate can be administered in case one is suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (a chronic disease attacking multiple joints of the body).
  7. Dietary supplements such as chondroitin and glucosamine may help reduce pain.

Surgical treatments (if your pain results in disability and does not lessen with nonsurgical options)

  1. Join replacement surgery or arthroplasty involves replacing the damaged parts of the shoulder with a prosthetic (artificial) joint.
  2. Few mild forms of arthritis may be treated using the Arthroscopic procedure (minimally invasive surgery). It requires a surgeon to ease the joint pain by making small incisions to “clean out” the joint. A tiny camera fitted into the joint guides the surgeon through the surgery.
  3. Resection arthroplasty is a method that involves the surgical removal of the bone from the collar bone and substituting it with a scar tissue to treat arthritis of particular joints.
5032 people found this helpful

Healthy Joints - How To Maintain It?

Dr. Ashu Consul 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, M.Ch - Orthopaedics, MRCS-Ortho
Orthopedist, Delhi
Healthy Joints - How To Maintain It?

Skin is one of the most obvious parts of our body which ages with an increase in the number of candles on our birthday cakes. As you age, joints tend to become stiffer and less flexible. The body does not recover from bumps and bruises as easily as it did before, and it becomes difficult to stand for extended time intervals. This is caused mostly by a breakdown of cartilage and weakness in bones & muscles.

What is cartilage?

Cartilage is a hard but flexible connective tissue that covers the bone ends to make a joint.  It is softer than bone tissue but less flexible than muscle tissue. Cartilage is responsible for the smooth (frictionless) movement of joints.

With age, cartilage begins to degenerate as it is a avascular structure. As the cartilage gets thinner, movement becomes more and more difficult. If left untreated, the cartilage may completely wear off leaving no buffer between the bones. This is one of the leading causes of knee replacement surgery.

What is synovium?

Synovium is a membrane responsible for keeping the cartilage healthy. It produces a thick fluid that keeps the cartilage and joint lubricated. In cases of osteoarthritis, this membrane can swell up and produce excess fluid with low viscosity. This in turn causes the joint to swell as well.

Along with age, factors like being overweight, genetics, gender and lifestyle also play a role in the condition of your joints. Being obese points towards a sedentary lifestyle and puts extra pressure on joints, leading to the thinning of cartilage. While women have higher chances of becoming osteoarthritis patients than men because of low activity and poor bone & muscle mass. A healthy lifestyle is the easiest way to ensure that your joints work well even when you're old and grey. Most common joint affected is knee joint in Indian patients.

Exercise:

Movement of the joints keeps the fluid in them moving. It also prevents the cartilage from shrinking and stiffening up. Exercise also makes the bones & muscles stronger, and slows the rate of bone tissue deterioration. Stretching exercises are also a good way to maintain the flexibility of joints. Walking is most simple and effective exercise to keep our knee joints in good shape.

Healthy diet:

Foods that are known as natural anti histamines, antioxidants and foods that fight inflammation promote healthy joints. Some of these are:

-  Green tea: It prevents the breakdown of collagen and cartilage

-  Nuts and seeds: These are rich in omega 3 fats that are essential for good bone health

-  Ginger/ Curcumin (turmeric): It relieves pain and joint swelling( natural anti inflammatory)

-  Yogurt: It helps soothe tender joints and fights inflammation, rich in calcium.

-  Fresh fruits / vegetables: It protects the cartilage against damage

Hot and cold therapy can also help relieve joint pain and reduce inflammation. As you get older, avoid putting too much pressure on your joints and give them adequate rest. Lastly, avoid smoking, as people who smoke have an increased risk of cartilage loss.

3572 people found this helpful

Knee Joint Pain - Effective Ways To Control It!

Dr. Kushal Shah 88% (20 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Vadodara
Knee Joint Pain - Effective Ways To Control It!

An elementary knowledge of biology tells you how important joints are for the overall functionality of a human body. If not for biology experience teaches us the inevitable importance of joints. The link between a tooth and the jawbone is also a joint. Without joints the human body would have been in bits and pieces.

Having known that, you should also try to remember or understand how disabling joint pains can be. They hardly let you move a limb and can also cripple you for life. Knee joint pain can hinder a person's free movement. Knees bear the entire load of your body; they support your frame. Knee joint pain should therefore be a cause for alarm.

Going by the following ways can relieve you of knee joint pain:

  1. Maintain a healthy weight: Carrying extra pounds can exert additional pressure on your joints and contribute to knee pain. If you're overweight, losing as little as 5 percent of your body weight can help relieve the stress on your knees. Talk to your doctor about developing a healthy eating plan and exercise program to help you lose weight sensibly.
  2. Find a low-impact exercise you enjoy: Talk to your doctor before beginning an exercise program. Good choices for people with knee pain include walking and swimming. Be sure to warm up before and cool down after exercising. Avoid hilly terrain and high-impact activities like running and jumping, as these can worsen knee pain.
  3. Give physical therapy a try: Physical and occupational therapy often are helpful for people with knee pain. A physical therapist can help design an exercise program that fits your individual ability level and teach you proper techniques to spare your joints. Occupational therapy can teach you how to reduce strain on your knees in your daily activities.
  4. Get enough rest and relaxation: Sure, physical activity is important, but rest and relaxation can go a long way to promote good health - and reduce pain. Achieve a healthy balance in your life by learning stress-relief techniques like deep breathing and meditation.
  5. Make sure you're getting enough sleep: No question-arthritis pain can interfere with a good night's sleep. However, proper sleep is necessary for overall health, so if you are having trouble sleeping, talk to your doctor. Proper pain management can help break the cycle to help you slumber soundly.
  6. Use Ice and/or Heat: For many people with arthritis pain, ice can help relieve pain and swelling and heat can help ease stiffness. Ask your doctor about how to safely use an ice pack and/or a warm towel or heating pad. A hot shower in the morning or warm bath before bed at night also may be helpful.
  7. Apply a topical pain reliever: A number of over-the-counter and prescription creams, gels, sprays and patches are available to help relieve arthritis pain. These pain relievers contain ingredients like capsaicin, salicylates, menthol, or a combination of medicines. Ask your doctor if one of these products might be right for you.
  8. Consider Injections: Persistent arthritis pain may respond to treatment with injections. Available options include corticosteroids, which can be used up to 2 or 3 times a year to relieve severe pain, and hyaluronic acid, which can help replenish lubricating substances in the knee. Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of injectable treatments for knee pain.
  9. Talk to Your Doctor about SurgeryIf you have severe osteoarthritissymptoms that interfere with daily life and do not respond to conservative treatment, surgery may be necessary.

Joint Pain Due to Hypothyroidism - Ways You Can Manage It!

Dr. Tanvi Mayur Patel 93% (1226 ratings)
Masters in Endocrinology, MBBS, C.Diab, CCEBDM(DIABETOLOGY), CCMTD, DOMS
Endocrinologist, Mumbai
Joint Pain Due to Hypothyroidism - Ways You Can Manage It!

The body is controlled by chemicals known as hormones. These are produced in minute quantities by minute organs, but have great control on almost all body functions. There are different hormones, each determining different functions like how tall a person will grow, how strong the bones will be, how well a person can react to stress and the reproductive ages. There is also a master gland called the pituitary which is situated somewhere deep in the brain, which controls all these organs. Small variations in the amount of these chemicals in the body produce significant effect on their respective control organ.

Thyroid is one such major gland, which produces a hormone called thyroxine or T4 as it is commonly called. This controls metabolism and emotional health to a large extent. Reduced amounts of T4 is very common in women, and with altered metabolism, there is increased musculoskeletal pain in various joints.

Here are some of the best ways to reduce Joint Pain from Hypothyroidism:

  1. Step Up to Low-Impact Aerobics: Twenty to 60 minutes of near-daily aerobics — really any exercise that gets your heart pumping — can help speed up your metabolism and counter weight gain, a common hypothyroidism symptom and a contributor to joint pain. But if you have joint or knee pain, choose low-impact aerobics. Swimming is the ideal low-impact aerobic exercise — the water buoys your body and cushions joints.
  2. Strengthen Your Muscles: Strength- or weight-training exercises build muscle mass, which uses more calories than fat even at rest. That promotes weight loss and can ease the strain on your joints. Stronger muscles also directly help protect nearby joints. For example, strengthening exercises such as squats, lunges, and leg lifts develop the muscles that support the knees. Start slow with 15 repetitions of each exercise. Then build up to three sets of 15 reps each.
  3. Get Plenty of Sleep: Sleep is the time for muscles and joints to recover. If you're not sleeping well, you are not recovering as fast as you could be. What's more, when you're sleep deprived, you're likely to crave junk and comfort foods that can contribute to weight gain, which adds stress to your joints and increases joint pain. Aim for seven to eight hours of quality sleep each night.
  4. Stick to a Healthy Diet: Replace the junk food that can lead to weight gain with choices that enhance your health. For example, add fatty fish to your diet. It's a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, known to decrease inflammation, which may be contributing to your muscle and joint pain. Coldwater fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, and tuna have some the highest amounts of omega-3s. Also be sure to get lots of fresh fruit and vegetables high in antioxidants, which may counter inflammation, too.
  5. Practice YogaYoga poses are a great way to provide relief for joint pain while also increasing flexibility. For shoulder pain, look for poses that open your chest, like this simple pose: Sit with your feet flat on the floor. As you inhale, stretch your arms over your head. Clasp your hands together over your head and then turn your palms up toward the ceiling. Drop your shoulders and straighten up as if pushing through your head. Hold for 30 seconds. Release your hands, bringing them down behind you. Next, clasp your hands behind your back and lift your arms. Hold for another 30 seconds.
  6. Don't Let Fatigue Win: Fatigue is one of the most common hypothyroidism symptoms. Even though you might feel listless, you'll benefit from exercise because it will rev your metabolism and help you maintain flexibility despite muscle and joint pain. If you're too exhausted to complete a full exercise routine, break it up into several short bouts — even 10 minutes done three times a day will be effective. Also, stretching and relaxation exercises within two hours of bedtime may help you sleep better.
  7. Meditate for Stress Relief: Having a chronic condition such as hypothyroidism can be stressful, and that stress can actually contribute to pain and tension. That's why it's important to find ways to reduce stress, such as the practice of mindfulness meditation. This form of meditation teaches you how to distract yourself from what's bothering you by refocusing your attention, often on your own breathing. 

Thyroid hormones help all your organs work well. They control how your body uses food for energy.

What Do Thyroids Do

Thyroid hormones affect your metabolism rate, which means how fast or slow your brain, heart, muscles, liver, and other parts of your body work. If your body works too fast or too slowly, you won’t feel well. For example, if you don’t have enough thyroid hormone, you might feel tired and cold. Or, if you have too much thyroid hormone, you might feel nervous, jumpy, and warm.

What hormones does my thyroid gland produce?

The thyroid gland produces thyroxine (T4), which is a relatively inactive prohormone and lower amounts of the active hormone, triiodothyronine (T3). Collectively, T3 and T4 are referred to as the thyroid hormones. Twenty percent of the body’s triiodothyronine is made by the thyroid gland; the other 80% comes from thyroxine converted by organs such as the liver or kidneys.

The thyroid gland also produces calcitonin from cells called C-cells. Calcitonin is understood to play a role in regulating calcium levels in the body, but its exact function in humans remains unclear. Thyroid hormone is one such chemical which has effect on all organs of the body including the joints. Vague pains may be due to thyroid disorders. They are easy to manage with treatment. 

6 people found this helpful

Know More About Joint Replacement Surgery & The Advancements!

Dr. Ankur Dogra 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Mohali
Know More About Joint Replacement Surgery & The Advancements!

When your daily activities are limited due to severe pain or joint damage, it is when a joint replacement may be the best option. Joint replacements are done to restore movement and reduce pain. The most commonly replaced joints are the hips and knees. With advances in medical technology and operational expertise, these procedures have undergone major changes in the way they are done. The success rates have also proportionately gone up.

Hip replacement: The hip is a bone and socket joint, wherein the hip joint sits in the femur, which is the thigh bone. This could require replacement either due to a severe injury or due to regular wear and tear with aging. Replacement is considered when non-medical therapies like exercise and painkillers fail to improve the quality of life. In advanced joint replacement, both the ball and socket portions are completely replaced with artificial components (could be metal, plastic, or ceramic).

Knee joint replacement: The knee is a modified hinge joint formed between three bones – the patella (knee cap), the femur (thigh bone), and the tibia (shin bone). The knee can be affected either due to regular wear and tear or as a part of the trauma. When the knee joint is affected, the patient’s ability to move is greatly diminished, and thus requires treatment. If nonsurgical measures fail, then surgical correction is required.

What happens during the joint replacement?

  • These are major operations and are done in the hospital setting, with 1 to 2 days of hospitalization
  • The operation takes about 4 to 5 hours
  • The damaged cartilage or bone is removed and the part is prepared to receive the prosthesis
  • Titanium alloy is often used as it has the unique ability to fuse to the bone
  • Sometimes, plastic or ceramic is also used
  • These simulate the movement that was previously produced by the natural joint
  • Post operation, infection control is extremely important
  • Pain control initially could be through injection, and then gradually move to an ad-hoc basis
  • With the pain and limitation on movement gotten rid of, the new joint should be gradually accustomed to movement. The surrounding tissue also requires time to heal and support the normal movement.
  • Return to movement should be gradual and under a physiotherapist’s guidance. Advance exercise as directed.
  • Diet should be modified to ensure the required nutrition is provided for proper healing
  • Other equipment like a walking stick, shower bench, handrail, or a walker may be required.
  • The first few weeks could require extensive help to move around and get back to normal activities.

Whatever the part replaced, with total joint replacement, these precautions should be adhered to, to ensure complete recovery and successful return to a stage of pre-operative movement.

2273 people found this helpful
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