Nausea is an uncomfortable, uneasy, queasy feeling in the upper part of the stomach that leads to an involuntary urge of vomiting. Nausea is a non-specific symptom and may occur due to various reasons. The feeling of nausea may be triggered by some viruses, pregnancy, unpleasant odour, motion sickness, gastroenteritis, migraine, low blood pressure, fainting, or food poisoning and many others. It also occurs as a side effect of various medications such as cytotoxic chemotherapy, common anaesthetic agents and others. It should be remembered that the feeling of nausea is not any disease but it is a symptom that can result from a wide range of other disorders.
The symptoms of nausea are often difficult for people to describe. Nausea symptoms are not at all painful but a very uneasy feeling that is felt in the chest, upper abdomen and/or at the back of throat. It becomes necessary to control nausea, vomiting and other associated symptoms both for the sake of the patient’s comfort as well as to prevent the conditions of dehydration because dehydration often worsens nausea and vomiting.
The medications that are taken for the prevention and treatment of nausea are known as antiemetics. The most common antiemetics prescribed by doctors to treat the symptoms of nausea and vomiting are ondansetron, metoclopramide and promethazine. Non-serious causes of nausea and vomiting and be usually relieved by using over the counter medications and such medications are available from the market without any prescription from the doctor. However, prescribed medicines recommended by a doctor should not be stopped without consultation.
For a proper and effective treatment for the problem of nausea, it is important for the doctor to assess the medical history of the patient as well as diagnose the underlying cause that has led to the problem of nausea.
Nausea is a non-specific symptom that can occur due to various underlying causes. Hence, for an effective treatment of nausea, the underlying cause that has led to this symptom needs to be treated. There are various medications that can be used to minimise the feeling of nausea temporarily. Non-serious causes of nausea and vomiting can be usually relieved by using over the counter medications and such medications are available from the market without any prescription from the doctor. However, prescribed medicines recommended by a doctor should not be stopped without consultation.
When a person suffers from the feeling of nausea, it is important that they give rest to their stomach and at the same time take care to avoid dehydration. Intake of clear fluids (such as water, sports drinks, clear broths, popsicles, etc.) in small amounts at regular intervals during the first 24 hours can help in such cases. Too much of fluid intake is not recommendable for such patients as stretching of the stomach may cause the condition to worsen. However, such patients should avoid the consumption of milk or other milk products during the initial 24 hours of an episode of nausea and vomiting because in such a case reduced tolerance to milk and other milk containing products can lead to vomiting, bloating and even diarrhoea.
Nausea often gets worse when the patient suffers from dehydration as well and this results in a vicious cycle. Nausea makes drinking of fluids difficult; worsening the dehydration and this again increases the feeling of nausea. When such a case occurs, the patients are given intravenous fluids to control the condition and break the cycle. In addition to this many anti-nausea medications are available in the market in the form of pills, liquids or tablets that help in controlling such conditions. Some of these medicines are promethazine, prochlorperazine, droperidol, metoclopramide, ondansetron and others. A patient needs to take these medications on time to get relief from the symptoms of nausea.
Any person having an uncomfortable, uneasy or queasy feeling in the upper part of their stomach that ultimately leads to an urge for vomiting is said to be having nausea and is eligible for this treatment. The causes of nausea may be some underlying ailment or some side effects of other medications. Hence, the treatment for nausea depends upon the underlying cause that has led to these symptoms.
Any person who does not have any symptoms of nausea and vomiting, are not eligible for this treatment. Moreover, if a patient is having any serious side effect from any particular anti-nausea medication then he or she should consult a doctor for any other medication.
The treatment for nausea is safe in most cases. However, it is has also been reported that many patients are found to suffer from various side effects of anti-nausea medications. Since there are a number of anti-nausea medications and it is not possible to list out the side effects of each and every medicine vividly, so on a whole the common side effects of these medications are listed down here. Some of the common side effects of taking anti-nausea medications are constipation, tiredness, dizziness, headache, indigestion, troubled sleeping, anxiety and fidgeting. It is seen that these side effects vary from person to person. In most cases these side effects do not get serious enough. However, if a person suffers from such side effects, then he or she may consult their doctor in order to change the medications.
The treatment for nausea is usually done for a short time until the cause of this queasy feeling is totally treated. During this time the patient should take care so that he/she does not suffer from dehydration as well. Dehydration can often cause the condition of nausea to worsen. The post treatment guidelines for the treatment of nausea include taking the medicines regularly on time as directed by the physician. The patient should also take small amounts of liquid (such as water, sports drink or clear broth) at regular intervals to avoid dehydration. If nausea and dehydration is found to occur together leading to a worse situation then the patient needs to take intravenous fluids to control this symptom. However, care should be taken to treat the underlying cause. This is so because once the underlying cause is successfully treated then the uncomfortable feeling of nausea also goes away on its own.
It should be remembered that nausea is not a disease on its own but a non-specific symptom that can occur due to some other underlying problems. In general, the medications used to treat nausea are to be taken for a short time, until the underlying cause of this uncomfortable feeling is fully treated, or the patient recovers. The time of recovery from this symptom vary greatly. As for example, a patient having nausea due to an ear infection will need to take such medications only for a few days. On the other hand, for a person having nausea due to migraine needs to take these medications once or twice during every attack.
The price of the treatment for nausea may vary greatly depending upon the cause of this symptom and the cost of the medicines that are prescribed by the doctor. However, on an average, the price of the treatment of nausea varies from Rs. 450 to Rs. 7,000 in India. This treatment is easily available in all cities and towns of India.
Nausea is just a symptom of a wide range of other underlying ailments. The medicines prescribed for nausea just gives temporary relief from the symptom. In order to achieve permanent treatment of this problem, it is important to cure the underlying problem that has led to this condition of nausea. Once the underlying cause of nausea is successfully cured, the symptoms of nausea also get cured.
Although the problem of nausea is best treated by medicines known as antiemetics, there are a number of natural remedies to get rid of the feeling of nausea as well. Some of the alternative natural remedies of nausea include eating ginger, having a slice of lemon, acupuncture or acupressure therapy, peppermint aromatherapy, controlling of breathe, using spices such as fennel powder, cinnamon or cumin extract, relaxing of muscles, taking vitamin B6 supplement, avoiding taking too spicy food, taking light meals, staying hydrated and practising regular exercises. All such natural remedies can provide temporary relief from nausea. However, a patient needs to consult his/her doctor in case the symptoms of nausea worsen.