Low blood pressure is otherwise called hypotension and it causes the inadequate blood supply to the main organs of the body. Many symptoms would develop due to low blood pressure. A blood pressure reading has two numbers namely systolic and diastolic.
The upper reading is systolic pressure, i.e. the pressure in the arteries is monitored when the heart beats and fills the arteries with blood. The lower reading is diastolic, i.e. monitoring the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between the beats.
The normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg whereas the low blood pressure is 90/60 mmHg. However, the pressure varies from person to person depends on the diseases, medication and age etc. Untreated low blood pressure can be life threatening and can even leads to Coma. If one is constantly experiencing the symptoms like shallow breaths, fatigue, drowsiness, shocks, rapid pulse, pale skin and confusion, it is advised to get in emergency help as these are the signs of low blood pressure that can be harmful.
Symptoms of low blood pressure are as follows:
Causes of low blood pressure are as follows:
Changes in a posture like from standing to sitting or lying can lead to a downfall in blood pressure but in such case, the blood pressure gets back to normal level quickly. It is mostly seen in older people especially diabetic people can experience such problem when their autonomic nervous system gets damaged.
Heart valve problem, low heartbeat rate, heart failure may lead to severe low blood pressure because the heart cannot pump enough blood to maintain the pressure up.
Low blood pressure after meals:
Sometimes, blood pressure falls down after immediate meals and thus causing dizziness, faintness. It is very common in high blood pressure, diabetic, older and Parkinson’s patients. This is because after eating our intestines need more blood supply to digest the food. The heart starts beating faster and the blood vessels in other parts of the body narrow down to support in maintaining blood pressure. Lying down after eating, reducing carbohydrate intake and eating smaller meals frequently helps in mitigating this problem. Coughing and swallowing may also cause low blood pressure due to the vagus nerve stimulation.
Other than the above,
Changing our lifestyle model is quite sufficient to save from low blood pressure.
Firstly, the physician will check you clinically by understanding your pulse rate, symptoms and medical history. Then, he will advise you to do other tests such as
Generally, lifestyle changes are recommended for low blood pressure such as
If these measures do not help out you, you may be put in medications.
Low blood pressure in itself is not a serious condition. Often it can be a symptom of another health problem. The underlying conditions differ from person to person. Therefore, it is necessary for the doctor to identify the real cause of your blood pressure problem.
First, fix an appointment with your doctor; notify him/her about your medical history, your age, the symptoms you are currently experiencing, and the reasons for the occurrence of the blood pressure drop. The doctor will conduct a thorough physical examination of the concerned patient. Then she or he will make the patient undergo a series of tests where the patient will be asked to stand up suddenly after lying down for some time. During this time, the doctor will take the pulse rate and will check the blood pressure levels.
If the doctor feels necessary then she or he may perform an ECG or an electrocardiogram in order to check the pulse rate and also an echocardiogram/ultrasound test in order to see the condition of the heart and take pictures of it for later reference. She or he might also take blood test samples from the patient in order to check for anemia or any issues with your blood sugar level.
In order to check for irregular heart rate the doctor may ask the patient to get an ECG or a Holter monitor done. An exercise test or stress test may also be advised. In certain cases, a ‘tilt table’ test is performed for a patient experiencing postural hypotension in order to assess the response of the body to unexpected changes in movements or position.
A person who is experiencing shock or symptoms of low blood pressure like feeling lightheaded or dizzy on an off and on basis. Although chronic low blood pressure might not be a serious health issue in itself, it can be a symptom of a much severe underlying medical condition.
All those people who are experiencing the symptoms of low blood pressure mentioned above do not need to go visit a doctor.
The side effects of taking flodrocortisone include heart failure, muscle weakness, expansion of the heart, easy bruising, headaches, light-headedness and sudden increase in blood glucose levels.
The doctor may advise you to increase the amount of salt in your diet because sodium increases pressure drastically. Also, increase the quantity of your fluid intake daily in order to prevent dehydration by drinking lots of water.
You may also be advised to wear stockings that put on compression on your legs by pooling the blood. This can help to reduce inflammation and pain. You may also be prescribed certain medications such as fludrocortisone and midodrine/orvaten help to treat the problem of hypotension or low blood pressure.
With proper rest, medication and water (for drinking, in case the low blood pressure occurred as a result of dehydration) you can recover within a few hours.
In India one strip of 2.5 mg of Midodrine costs about 2,3000 Rupees, an ECG test costs about 250 Rupees in India, and an ultrasound test can cost you about Rs. 1000- 4000 in India.
The results of the treatment depends on well you adhere to the post-treatment guidelines. If you can look after your daily diet and also identity the reasons behind your sudden blood pressure levels you can prevent the sudden attacks from occurring on getting up after lying for some time.
Alternatives for low blood pressure problems include certain home remedies such as increasing the daily water consumption level and cutting down on alcohol which will help to tackle the dehydration levels, having a balance diet which incorporates nutritional items such as fruits, veggies, whole grains and protein such as chicken and fish. Other remedies include gently moving from one place to another instead of getting up suddenly or moving too fast. Avoid sitting with your legs crossed and try to consume small portion of really low-carb foods. Also, keep eating small portions of food throughout the day to prevent the blood pressure levels from dropping suddenly.
Certain foods definitely help in increasing blood pressure naturally and they are:
Food supplements that are good for low blood pressure are as follows: