कम ब्लड प्रेशर की समस्या आजकल धीरे-धीरे बढती ही जा रही है. दरअसल इस समस्या के बारे में जानकारी का अभाव भी इसके गंभीर होने का एक कारण है. कम ब्लड प्रेशर से निपटने के लिए आपको अपने घर पर ही कई तरह की सुविधायें और आहार मिल जाएंगे जिससे आपकी परेशानी काफी हद तक कम हो सकती है. शारीरिक कमजोरी के दौरान अत्यधिक मानसिक श्रम व भोजन में पौष्टिक खाद्य पदार्थों की कमी से प्रायः यह स्थिति उत्पन्न हो जाती है. कुछ लोग इसे नजरअन्दाज करने की गलती करते हैं तो कुछ लोग डॉक्टर के यहां चक्कर लगाकर परेशान हो जातें हैं. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम कम ब्लड प्रेशर से बचने के लिए कुछ उपायों पर एक नजर डालते हैं.
1. देसी चना और किशमिश
देसी चना और किशमिश के इस्तेमाल से आप कम ब्लड प्रेशर को दूर कर सकते हैं. 50 ग्राम देशी चने व 10 ग्राम किशमिश को रात में 100 ग्राम पानी में किसी भी कांच के बर्तन में भीगने के लिए रख दें. सुबह चनों को किशमिश के साथ अच्छी तरह से चबा-चबाकर खाने के बाद पानी को पी लें.
बादाम का इस्तेमाल हमें कई तरह की परेशानियों को दूर करने में मदद करता है. रात में बादाम की 3-4 गिरी पानी में भिगों दें. सुबह उनका छिलका उतारकर कर 15 ग्राम मक्खन और मिश्री के साथ इसे मिलाकर बादाम-गिरी को खाने से लो ब्लड प्रेशर खत्म होता है.
प्रतिदिन आंवले या सेब के मुरब्बे का सेवन कम ब्लड प्रेशर में बहुत उपयोगी होता है. आंवले के 2 ग्राम रस में 10 ग्राम शहद मिलाकर कुछ दिन प्रातःकाल सेवन करने से कम ब्लड प्रेशर दूर करने में मदद मिलती है.
4. चुकंदर का रस
कम ब्लड प्रेशर को दूर करने में आप चुकंदर की भी सहायता ले सकते हैं. क्योंकि इसे सामान्य बनाये रखने में चुकंदर रस काफी मददगार होता है. रोजाना यह जूस सुबह-शाम पीना चाहिए. इससे हफ्ते भर में आप अपने ब्लड प्रेशर में सुधार पाएंगे.
5. जटामासी, कपूर और दालचीनी
जटामासी, कपूर और दालचीनी को समान मात्रा में लेकर मिश्रण बना लें और तीन-तीन ग्राम की मात्रा में सुबह-शाम गर्म पानी से सेवन करें. कुछ ही दिन में आपके ब्लड प्रेशर में सुधार हो जायेगा.
6. आंवले का रस
जिसको भी कम ब्लड प्रेशर की शिकायत हो और अक्सर चक्कर आते हों तो आवलें के रस में शहद मिलाकर चाटने से जल्दी आराम मिलता है. इसकी सहायता से आप अपनी परेशानी कम कर सकते हैं.
7. छुहारे और दूध
कम ब्लड प्रेशर के लिए आप चाहें तो छुहारे और दूध का इस्तेमाल कर सकते हैं. इसके लिए रात्रि में 2-3 छुहारे दूध में उबालकर पीने या खजूर खाकर दूध पीते रहने से निम्न रक्तचाप में सुधार होता है.
अदरक को बारीक काटे और उसके टुकडों में नींबू का रस व सेंधा नमक मिलाकर रख लें. इसे भोजन से पहले थोडी-थोडी मात्रा में दिन में कई बार खाते रहने से यह रोग दूर होता है. नींबू को पानी के साथ या सलाद आदि के साथ रोज़ खाने से इस समस्या से राहत मिलती है.
9. जीरा व हींग
इसकी सहयाता से भी आप कम ब्लड प्रेशर का इलाज कर सकते हैं. 200 ग्राम मट्ठे मे नमक, भुना हुआ जीरा व थोड़ी सी भुनी हुई हींग मिलाकर प्रतिदिन पीते रहने से इस समस्या के निदान में पर्याप्त मदद मिलती है.
10. टमाटर काली मिर्च
200 ग्राम टमाटर के रस में थोडी सी काली मिर्च व नमक मिलाकर पीना काफी फायदेमंद साबित होता है. ये भी अजीब है कि उच्च रक्तचाप में जहां नमक के सेवन से रोगी को हानि होती है, वहीं निम्न रक्तचाप के रोगियों को नमक के सेवन से लाभ होता है.
इससे निपटने के घरेलु नुस्खों में एक ये भी है कि गाजर के 200 ग्राम रस में पालक का 50 ग्राम रस मिलाकर, इसका मिश्रण बना लें. फिर इसे पीना भी निम्न रक्तचाप के रोगियों के लिये लाभदायक रहता है.
लहसुन ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों में कई औषधियों के रूप में प्रयोग में लाया जाता है. निम्न रक्तचाप के रोगियों के लिए बहुत ही लाभदायक होता है. इसका नियमित सेवन करने से भी लो ब्लड प्रेशर की समस्या में आराम होता है.
What is Intestinal Ischemia?
Intestinal ischemia is described as a variety of disorders that cause insufficient blood flow to the gastrointestinal tract. It is a serious condition that can lead to death.
Symptoms of Intestinal Ischemia
Causes of Intestinal Ischemia-
Risk factors of Intestinal Ischemia-
Complications of Intestinal Ischemia-
Diagnosis of Intestinal Ischemia-
Diagnosis of Intestinal ischemia involves the following tests:
Precautions & Prevention of Intestinal Ischemia-
Treatment of Intestinal Ischemia
Homeopathic Treatment of Intestinal Ischemia-
Homeopathy improves blood circulation and relieves pain and other complaints. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines that can be used for treatment of intestinal ischemia are:
Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Intestinal Ischemia-
Acupuncture relieves by improving the physiological function of the organs and organ system. In acupuncture therapist will first diagnose the case on the basis of energy system or chi blockage as well as on the basis of status of five elements. On this basis certain disease specific acupoints are selected and stimulated.
Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Intestinal Ischemia-
Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy can help in stress relief. They can help in better coping and early relief.
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Intestinal Ischemia-
In the allopathic treatment of intestinal ischemia, antibiotics are given to treat or prevent infections. Other medications are prescribed to prevent clots from forming, dissolve clots or dilate blood vessels.
Surgical Treatment of Intestinal Ischemia-
If your colon has been damaged, you may need surgery to remove the dead tissue. Or, you may need surgery to bypass a blockage in one of your intestinal arteries. If portions of your bowel show signs of damage, you may need surgery to remove the damaged section.
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Intestinal Ischemia-
If you are experiencing pain in the muscles and joints, an enhanced craving for salt, symptoms of low glucose in the blood or low blood pressure, you could be suffering from adrenal insufficiency (AI). The outer layer or cortex of our adrenal gland produces three forms of steroid hormones. In adrenal insufficiency, the cortex fails to produce enough steroid hormones. Some people do not know that they have been affected with adrenal insufficiency until they experience a sudden worsening of symptoms. This is called an adrenal crisis.
The different types of adrenal insufficiencies occur because of different reasons. Primary AI is commonly caused by autoimmune diseases in which our body’s defence system destroys the body’s tissues. Bleeding in glands, genetic diseases and infections are other likely causes.
Secondary AI occurs because of problems with the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland produces a hormone named adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) because of which the adrenal glands produce cortisol. In the case of secondary AI, the pituitary glands stop sending ACTH to the adrenal glands, and cortisol is hence not produced. This may occur by taking certain prescribed medicines.
A patients’s medical symptoms and medical history are observed. The blood levels of cortisol, sodium, potassium and glucose are checked for the detection of AI. The adrenal glands and the pituitary gland are observed by imaging tests. X-rays, ultrasound, and CT and MRI scans may be required.
The treatment of adrenal insufficiency aims at ensuring proper levels of hormones in the body. You may require regular replacement of hormones for life. You have to take glucocorticoids for replacing the cortisol which your body does not provide anymore. Mineralocorticoids should be taken when the body does not produce aldosterone. Extra glucocorticoids may be required during times of intense stress such as a surgery or serious health conditions.
If you experience any symptoms of adrenal insufficiency, it is recommended that you visit a doctor immediately. Early diagnosis will enable early treatment, which is beneficial for you.
Low blood pressure is also known as hypotension. Low blood pressure can be characterized by extreme fatigue, constant recurrence of headache and drowsiness throughout the day. It can also cause severe vertigo, nausea and even fainting. Low blood pressure can be caused due to dehydration, anaemia, hypothyroidism, lack of essential nutrients in diet, extreme stress or heart conditions. Homeopathy is a safe, natural method of treating low blood pressure. It is an effective remedy without causing detrimental consequences or adverse side effects.353216
Homeopathic medicines start by providing “symptomatic” relief. It eases vertigo, nausea, fatigue and provides relief so that the patient can carry on with daily activities without hindrance. The next step is to normalise the blood circulation in the body, which also includes an improvement in the pulse rate and heart functions. This is done to maintain the normal blood pressure range. The third step involves treating the cause of low blood pressure. This includes a detailed study and analysis of the medical history of the patient. There are different causes of low blood pressure and different age groups are affected. Therefore, medicines are prescribed accordingly.
Some highly recommended Homeopathic medicines for low blood pressure:
It is important to include nutrients, dairy products and increase intake of iron-containing food along with the homeopathic medicines prescribed to speed up the health improvement process.
लो ब्लड प्रेशर या निम्न रक्तचाप को हाइपोटेंशन भी कहा जाता है. यह तब होता है जब रक्तचाप सामान्य से काफी कम हो जाता है. इसका अर्थ है कि हृदय, मस्तिष्क और शरीर के अन्य भागों में पर्याप्त रक्त नहीं पहुंच पाता. आदर्श रूप से रक्तचाप, 120/80 (सिस्टोलिक/डायस्टोलिक) से कम होना चाहिए. सिस्टोलिक के लिए 90 मिलीमीटर एचजी से कम और डायस्टोलिक के लिए 60 मिलीमीटर एचजी से कम को लो बीपी माना जाता है. बिना किसी लक्षण या संकेत के लो बीपी अस्वस्थ नहीं होता है. चक्कर आना और बेहोशी दोनों लो बीपी के मुख्य लक्षण हैं. ये लक्षण सबसे आम हैं जब व्यक्ति लेटने या बैठने के बाद खड़ा होता है. लो बीपी के सामान्य कारण हैं रक्त की मात्रा में कमी, हृदय रोग और दवाएं. दोनों लो और हाई बीपी का जोखिम आमतौर पर उम्र बढ़ने के कारण बढ़ता है. लो बीपी का उपचार इसके होने के कारण पर निर्भर करता है. आइए लो ब्लड प्रेशर के लक्षणों को जानें.
खून की कमी
कई बार शरीर में रक्त की कमी, निम्न रक्तचाप का कारण बनती है.किसी बड़ी चोट या अंदरूनी रक्तस्राव के कारण शरीर में अचानक खून की कमी हो जाती है, जिससे रक्तचाप निम्न हो जाता है.
कमजोरी व पोषण की कमी
पोषण की कमी और कमजोरी निम्न रक्तचाप का एक बढ़ा कारण है. जरूरी पोषक तत्वों की कमी होने पर शरीर पर्याप्त मात्रा में लाल रक्त कोशिकाएं नहीं बना पाती जिससे रक्तचाप निम्न हो जाता है.
हृदय से जुड़ी किसी भी प्रकार की समस्या होने पर रक्तचाप निम्न हो सकता है. इसलिए इस दौरान आपको विशेष सावधानी बरतने की जरूरत है.
पानी की कमी
शरीर में पानी की कमी से आप कई बार कमजोरी महसूस करते हैं. पानी की कमी से सिर्फ लो ब्लडप्रेशर ही नहीं, स्वास्थ्य से जुड़ी अन्य समस्याएं भी होती हैं जिसमें बुखार, उल्टी, डायरिया आदि शामिल हैं.
महिलाओं में गर्भावस्था के समय लो ब्लडप्रेशर की समस्या हो सकती है क्योंकि इस समय सर्कुलेटरी सिस्टम तेजी से बढ़ता है और
ब्लडप्रेशर कम हो जाता है.
अगर आपको स्वास्थ्य से जुड़ी कुछ अन्य समस्याएं जैसे डायबिटीज, थायरॉयड, एडिसंस डिसीज आदि हैं, तो आप निम्न रक्तचाप के मरीज हो सकते हैं. इसके अलावा किसी प्रकार का टेंशन, सदमा लगने, डर जाने, इंफेक्शन आदि होने पर भी यह समस्या हो सकती है.
अन्य स्वास्थ्य समस्याएं
अगर आप किसी स्वास्थ्य समस्या से पीड़ित हैं और उसवके लिए लगातार दवाईयों का सेवन कर रहे हैं, तब भी यह निम्न रक्तचाप का कारण बन सकता है.
सामान्य तौर पर जब आप अचानक बेहद कमजोरी महसूस करें या चक्कर आने जैसे लक्षण निम्न रक्तचाप के हो सकते हैं. लेकिन प्रमुख रूप से थकान, डिप्रेशन, जी मचलाना, प्यास लगना, धुंधला दिखाई देना, त्वचा में पीलापन, शरीर ठंडा पड़ जाना, आधी-अधूरी और तेज सांसें आना आदि निम्न रक्तचाप के प्रमुख लक्षण हैं.
A Jet Airways aircraft Boeing 737, travelling from Mumbai to Jaipur with 166 passengers on board, had to return to the airport as the crew forgot to turn on the cabin pressurisation system which maintains air pressure inside an aircraft to a comfortable level.
The mistake led to several passengers suffering from nosebleed, bleeding from ear and severe headache. Some of the passengers were even admitted to the hospital with these complaints.
What does Air Pressure mean?
Air pressure, also known as Barometric pressure or atmospheric pressure, is the weight of the atmosphere pressing down on earth. It is measured by a barometer in units called millibars. The standard or average atmospheric pressure at sea level on the earth is 1013.25 millibars per square inch, which is about 14.7 pounds.
What are the causes of Air Pressure?
Air pressure is caused due to air molecules present in the atmosphere. The higher the altitude, the lower is the air pressure, which makes it tough for humans to survive without proper equipment.
The aircrafts use cabin pressure by pumping in ‘bleed air’ to maintain barometric pressure. This pressurisation becomes highly necessary when the aircraft touches altitude above 10,000 feet (3,000 meters) from sea level.
What health issues do low Air Pressure cause?
Low air pressure can cause mild as well as death threatening conditions which include:
Blood pressure: As the air pressure reduces, the blood pressure also starts falling. It can be observed if you are feeling dizziness or a blurred vision.
Severe headache: Change in barometric pressure can lead to severe headache or migraines by creating a pressure difference between the atmosphere and air-filled sinuses.
Joint pain: As per a study, the change in barometric pressure increases the severity of joint pain and arthritis.
Blood sugar: Change in air pressure bring cold fronts , which is not good for a diabetic person.
Hypoxia: The lower oxygen pressure reduces the oxygen tension in the lungs, subsequently in the brain. This can lead to dimmed vision, sluggish thinking, loss of consciousness and eventually death.
Altitude sickness: In the most common response to hypoxia, the human body starts hyperventilation. It does help in partially restoring oxygen in the blood but it also leads to carbon dioxide to out-gas which increases the blood pH level. In this condition, people may suffer fatigue, nausea, headache, sleeplessness and even pulmonary oedema.
Decompression sickness: It leads to tiredness, forgetfulness, headache, stroke, thrombosis and subcutaneous itching.
Barotrauma: As the aircraft climbs or descends, passengers may face discomfort or acute pain as gases trapped inside their bodies try to expand. The most common problems faced due to this situation include air trapped in the middle ear or paranasal sinuses by a blocked Eustachian tube. It can also cause pain in gastrointestinal tract or even the teeth.
What emergency steps should be taken in situation of low air pressure?
The effects of low air pressure may vary from person to person. Some people do not feel any health problems even while being at an altitude as high as 8,000 feet while some would start feeling restless from 5,000 feet onwards.
There may be many precautions including carrying an oxygen cylinder always while travelling to the high altitude places. In aircrafts, oxygen masks are provided to each passenger but if you are planning to go on a trek, you must know some important aspects of surviving at high altitude places. Have a look:
Emergency tips to keep yourself safe at high altitude places:
These things can help you keep your mind and body fit even at the reasonably high altitude places.
Homeopathy is considered safe, natural and holistic approach. With so many homeopathy centers and doctors, choosing best homeopathic doctor may be difficult. Here is list of best homeopathy doctors in bangalore.
Homeopathy is an old science, and is based on the theory that "like cures like". The solutions and remedies provided in homeopathy are personalized, basis symptoms and diagnosis. The medicines are totally safe with no side effects, even if taken for a long run. Homeopathic solutions are very effective in allergic conditions, metabolic and chronic disorders.
Dr. Rao is a homoeopathic Physician, with 25 years of experience. She is also a clinical nutritionist and has done her masters in psychotherapy and counselling as well. This gives her counselling and treatment a holistic approach. She is known for her treatment of allergies, female disorders & fertility problems, thyroid disorders and joint and muscle pains. You can visit her at Apoorva Diagnostic and Healthcare, Bangalore.
Consultation fees: ₹500
Dr. T.Kirankumar is amongst the best Homeopaths in, Bangalore. In 22 years of his career, he has helped many patients. You can visit him at Positive Homeopathy clinic - either at Malleshwaram or Indira Nagar, Bangalore. He is known for his treatment for kidney stone, skin allergies and diabetes management.
Consultation fees: ₹300
Dr. Jayapal is an experienced homeopathic doctor. In 25 years of her experience, she has treated many acute & chronic disease. She is known for caring and holistic approach taking care of mental, physical and emotional health of her patients. She currently practices at Garden City Homeopathic Clinic, Bangalore.
Consultation fees: ₹200
Dr. lakshmi is a renowned name in homeopathic doctors of Bangalore, especially for her knowledge of treating allergies and fertility problems. She has 22 years of experience and has worked with several reputed institutes. She is currently practicing at her own clinic- Ribha Homeopathy.
Consultation fees: ₹300
BHMS, B.Sc - Botany, MSc - Counselling & Family Therapy
Dr. Amrita Dewan is a BHMS, B.Sc - Botany, MSc - Counselling & Family Therapy. She has 11 years of experience and a reputed homeopath in Bangalore. She runs her own clinic- Dewan's Homoeo Clinic in Ramamurthy Nagar, Bangalore. Her area of special interest are metabolic diseases like- diabetes, lipid management, thyroid and weight.
Consultation fees: ₹200
Dr. Shruti Modak has become a popular name in Bangalore, in a very short span of 7 years. She is known for her compassion and warmth as well as a holistic approach for treating her patients. She is associated with Baptist Hospital, Bangalore and also practises at Mithi Goli in Bangalore.
Consultation fees: ₹500
Dr. Amarjeeth Chilargikar has 13 years of experience and specializes in Homeopathy treatments. He is known for correct diagnosis and effective medication. You can visit him at homeosquare homeopathy. He has done his studies from Dr. Malakreddy Homeopathy Medical College & Hospital Gulbarga. He is an active member of Media Association of Karnataka.
Consultation fees: ₹200
BHMS, International Academy of Classical Homoeopathy, Alonissos (GREECE)
Dr. Kumar has completed his BHMS at International Academy of Classical Homoeopathy, Alonissos (GREECE). He has 7 years of experience and has treated many acute and chronic diseases effectively. He is known for treatment of skin allergies and hair loss along with male disorders. You can meet him at Pavithra Clinic, Bangalore.
Consultation fees: ₹400
He is a popular Homeopaths in Bangalore with 18 years of experience in this field. He currently runs his own private practice at Tristha Homeopathic Clinic in Malleswaram, Bangalore. He completed his studies from one of the most reputed college- Bharati Vidyapeeth Homeopathic College in 2000. His services include treatment for depression, psychological & neurological problems, hormonal disorder etc.
Consultation fees: ₹200
10. Dr. Aparna. J
Dr. Aparna. J, has 13 years of experience and practices at Aayush Homoeo Clinic in Wilson Garden, Bangalore. She has completed her BHMS from Nashik. Her areas of interest are acidity, acne, backaches, blood pressure (high or low), cervical spondylitis, depression and migraine.
Consultation fees: ₹200
BP (Blood Pressure):
BP (Blood pressure) is the pressure created on the walls of blood vessel by circulation of blood. It is typically measured in mmHg (millimeters of mercury). It is expressed in terms of systolic pressure over diastolic pressure. Normal blood pressure in a healthy adult is considered to be 120/80 mmHg [120 mmHg (systolic) over 80 mmHg (diastolic).
Types of Blood Pressure Disorders:
There are two major types of blood pressure disorder.
1. Low Blood Pressure - Typically, blood pressure reading in the tunes of 90/60mmHg, or lower is considered to be low blood pressure. Remember, just one of the systolic or diastolic numbers need to be lower than usual to be considered as low blood pressure. This means:
- If the systolic number is 90 or lesser, irrespective of the diastolic number, it may be low blood pressure.
- If the diastolic number is 60 or lesser, irrespective of the systolic number, it may be low blood pressure.
Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure:
Symptoms or signs of low blood pressure are:
- Light-headedness or wooziness
- Black out (fainting)
- Blurry eyesight
- Lack of attentiveness
Extreme low blood pressure symptoms are:
- Mental Confusion
- Pale, damp, cold skin
- Breathing difficulties
- Weak pulse
Diagnosis: To diagnose low blood pressure in a patient, blood pressure and pulse rate are repeatedly checked after a patient has been lying down, soon after he or she stands, and in a few minutes of him or her standing. Doctors may also prescribe Electrocardiogram (ECG) and Echocardiogram. Some patients may also be advised blood tests, exercise stress test or, EP test (electrophysiology test).
Causes of Low Blood Pressure:
Causes of low blood pressure include:
- Hormonal disorders including hypothyroidism, diabetes, or hypoglycemia
- Medicinal side effects
- Heart arrhythmias
- Blood vessel dilation
- Liver diseases
- Excessive bleeding
- Low/high body temperature
- Heart muscle diseases
- Acute dehydration
- Medication or alcohol reaction
It is possible to prevent and treat low blood pressure. Here are some ways to prevent low blood pressure using healthy diet and lifestyle:
- Ensure higher salt intake in diet.
- Intake lots of non-alcoholic fluids.
- Don’t partake in alcohol consumption.
- Drink more water or other fluids during summers and when suffering from viral illness.
- Exercise regularly.
- When getting out of bed, sit upright for a few minutes.
- Avoid lifting heavy objects.
- Don’t strain when in toilet.
- Eat smaller, more frequent meals.
- Don’t take drugs or medication before meals.
Treatment for Low Blood Pressure
The following medication is used to treat low blood pressure:
- Fludrocortisone – It promotes sodium retention by the kidney to improve blood pressure. However, sodium retention can cause a loss of potassium. Therefore, ensure taking enough potassium daily, when taking fludrocortisone.
- Midodrine– It increases blood pressure by activating artery and vein receptors.
Low Blood Pressure Risk Factors
Some of the most common risk factors for low blood pressure are:
- Chances of low blood pressure during pregnancy increase manifold because a woman's circulatory system expands rapidly during pregnancy.
- Dehydration can cause low blood pressure. It is important to keep the body hydrated at all times because dehydration can cause a life-threatening complication oflow blood pressure.
- Excessive blood loss reduces blood in the body leading to sudden low blood pressure.
- Exposure to severe heat may cause excessive sweating which may lead to dehydration and low blood pressure.
- Intake of alcohol increases the chances of low blood pressure.
Low Blood Pressure Complications
Low blood pressure can lead to several complications including:
- Vision Impairment
- Constant Mental confusion
- Constant Fainting
- Mental Shocks
2. High Blood Pressure - Typically, blood pressure reading equal to or more than 140/90mmHg is considered high blood pressure. Like low blood pressure, just one of the systolic or diastolic numbers need to be higher than usual in high BP. This means:
- If the systolic number is 140 or higher, irrespective of the diastolic number, it may be high blood pressure.
- If the diastolic number is 90 or higher, irrespective of the systolic number, it may be low blood pressure.
Common symptoms of high blood pressure are:
- Severe headache
- Mental confusion
- Blurry Vision
- Pain in chest
- Uneven pulse
- Chest pounding
Diagnosis: To determine the condition of low blood pressure in a patient, doctors may suggest ECG (electrocardiogram), and echocardiogram (an ultrasound test to visualize the heart). Patients may also be advised blood tests, stress test and/or electrophysiology test (EP test).
Some of the most common causes of high blood pressure are:
- Excessive weight or obesity
- Intake of excessive salt
- Intake of excessive alcohol
- Family history of high blood pressure
- Chronic kidney disease
- Adrenal and thyroid disorders
It is possible to prevent and treat high blood pressure. Here are some ways to prevent high blood pressure using healthy diet and lifestyle:
- Weight loss in case of obesity
- Quitting smoking
- Healthy diets with lot of fruits, vegetables, and low fat dairy products
- Reducing sodium intake in diets.
- Regular exercise
- Limiting alcohol intake
Treatment for High Blood Pressure
Treatment of high blood pressure can be done using several types of drugs such as:
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
- Calcium channel blockers
- Renin inhibitors
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
- Combination medications
High Blood Pressure Risk Factors
Common risk factors for high blood pressure include:
- Family history of high blood pressure.
- Chronic kidney disease (CKD) may cause high blood pressure.
- Lack of physical activity may cause high blood pressure.
- Excessive sodium intake in diets may cause high blood pressure.
- Excessive fat or obesity may cause high blood pressure.
- Intake of too much alcohol may lead to high blood pressure.
- Obstructive sleep apnea may increase the risk of developing high blood pressure.
- High cholesterol can lead to high blood pressure.
- Patients suffering from Diabetes are more vulnerable to high blood pressure.
- Smoking and tobacco can lead to high blood pressure.
- Too much stress may lead to high blood pressure.
Untreated high blood pressure can lead to several complications including:
- Heart failure
- Vision Impairment
- Metabolic syndrome
- Mental confusion
Blood Pressure Myths
Myth 1: Low blood pressure is nothing to be worried about.
Reality: Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is a medical condition that can lead to several life-threatening complications.
Myth 2: Those with family history of high blood pressure can’t do anything to prevent it.
Reality: While it is true that those with family history of high blood pressure are more likely to develop it, it can be prevented by healthy diet and lifestyle.
Myth 3: High blood pressure patients show symptoms like anxiety, sweating, and sleep disorder. Those who don’t have such symptoms don’t have high blood pressure.
Reality: Sometimes, high blood pressure patients may not experience any symptoms for years. That’s why it makes sense to get your blood pressure checked regularly.
Myth 4: Blood pressure patients must drink wine heavily.
Reality: Heavy wine drinking can increase blood pressure, which may lead to heart failure or stroke.
Myth 5: Those diagnosed with high blood pressure stop taking medicines when their blood pressure level is maintained.
Reality: High blood pressure is a lifelong medical condition and one shouldn’t stop taking medicines without recommendations of a certified medical professional. Remember, blood pressure can fluctuate leading to several complications.
Question 1: Is it good to have low blood pressure?
Answer: Blood pressure disorder is a medical condition that may lead to several life-threatening complications. Having low blood pressure may cause several problems such as light-headedness, wooziness, fainting, blurry vision, nausea, exhaustion and mental confusion.
Fortunately, you can easily keep your blood pressure level in check by embracing these healthy lifestyle choices:
- Being active
- Quitting smoking
- Limiting the intake of salt in diet
- Ensuring healthy and balanced diet
- Not partaking in heavy alcohol drinking
Furthermore, do well to get your blood pressure level checked at regular intervals and immediately consult your doctor if you find your blood pressure level is not in healthy range.
Question 2: Does low blood pressure affect pregnancy?
Answer: A large number of pregnant women tend to show the symptoms of low blood pressure during pregnancy. Low blood pressure doesn’t affect pregnancy or harm the unborn. However, it is important to get in touch with a certified medical professional about any symptoms you’re experiencing during pregnancy.
Question 3: Can diabetes cause low blood pressure?
Answer: Yes! Diabetes leads to nerve damages and if the part of the nervous system that regulates the blood pressure is affected, it can lead postural hypotension. In this medical condition, you may experience sudden drop in your blood pressure when standing up.
Question 4: What health issues usually follow high blood pressure?
Answer: High blood pressure can lead to several serious and life-threatening health issues. Some such health conditions are:
- Heart Issues: High blood pressure may lead to ischemic heart disease (a medical condition where the heart tissue doesn’t get enough oxygen and blood), Heart failure and hypertensive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (stiffened, atypically heart muscles).
- Kidney Issues: High blood pressure can easily damage the blood vessels and cause harm to the kidney filters. Resultantly, kidneys aren’t able to properly excrete body waste. Here it is important to remember that some kidney diseases also cause high blood pressure in case enough sodium isn’t secreted.
- Stroke: High blood pressure can cause stroke. It can either contribute to atherosclerosis leading to blockages of and/or clots in arteries, or by causing the blood vessel wall to rupture.
- Atherosclerosis: This is a medical condition where arteries are blocked and/or clotted due to plaque, or fatty material. High blood pressure contributes to this disease by adding to the blockage or clot.
- Eyesight Disorders: High blood pressure may lead to damage of blood vessels in the retina causing to vision disorders, temporary blindness or permanent vision impairment.
Question 5: Is there a way to find out if I have High Blood Pressure?
Answer: Typically, high blood pressure patients don’t really experience any symptoms. This is the reason why it is imperative to consult a certified medical professional and get your blood pressure routinely checked at regular intervals. If you have a family history of blood pressure or experience any risk factors associated with high blood pressure, it is vital to consult a certified medical professional immediately. If you’re experiencing strong headache, pounding chest, breathing difficulty, or sudden loss of stamina, it makes sense to immediately consult your doctor.
Question 6: Is there a side effect of high blood pressure medicines?
Answer: High blood pressure medicines are known to have some side effects. Some of the most common side effects are:
- Alpha-blockers: Lightheadedness, strong headaches, pounding chest, nausea, sudden fatigue, weight gain
- Beta-blockers: Lightheadedness, erectile disorder, weak pulse, slow heart rate
- Angiotensin receptor blockers: Sudden fatigue, fainting, diarrhea, lightheadedness
- Diuretics: Strong headaches, sudden weakness
- Calcium channel blockers: Lightheadedness, swelling in feet and ankle, constant constipation and heart rhythm disorder
- ACE inhibitors: Constant dry cough, strong headaches, occasional diarrhea
Question 7: Can prescribed and over-the-counter medicines cause high blood pressure?
Answer: Some over-the-counter medicines and drugs are known to cause high blood pressure. Some such most common medicines are erythropoietin, amphetamines, certain birth control pills, methylphenidate, cyclosporine and certain medicines used for the treatment of migraine. Furthermore, medicines used for the treatment of allergy and cold, and medicines used as appetite suppressants are also known to cause high blood pressure.
Question 8: When to get in touch with your doctor about high blood pressure?
Answer: Patients diagnosed with high blood pressure must go for regular blood pressure check-ups and must routinely consult their doctors. In case you feel that your body isn’t responding to the prescribed high blood pressure medicines, you must immediately consult your doctor. If you’re experiencing side effects of blood pressure medicines, you must immediately seek medical attention.
What is blood pressure?
When your heart beats, it pumps blood round your body to give it the energy and oxygen it needs. As the blood moves, it pushes against the sides of the blood vessels. The strength of this pushing is your blood pressure. If your blood pressure is too high, it puts extra strain on your arteries (and your heart) and this may lead to heart attacks and strokes.
What is high blood pressure?
You probably have high blood pressure (hypertension) if your blood pressure readings are consistently 140 over 90, or higher, over a number of weeks.
You may also have high blood pressure if just one of the numbers is higher than it should be over a number of weeks.
High blood pressure can also cause heart and kidney disease, and is closely linked to some forms of dementia.
What is low blood pressure?
Many people worry about low blood pressure (hypotension), but probably don't need to.
Some people have a blood pressure level that is lower than normal. In general this may be good news - because the lower your blood pressure is, the lower your risk of stroke or heart disease. However, in a few cases, having low blood pressure can cause problems, so you might need to speak to your doctor or nurse.
What are the symptoms of hypertension?
Hypertension is generally a silent condition. Many people won’t experience any symptoms. It may take years or even decades for the condition to reach levels severe enough that symptoms become obvious. Even then, these symptoms may be attributed to other issues.
Symptoms of severe hypertension can include:
shortness of breath
blood in the urine
These symptoms require immediate medical attention. They don’t occur in everyone with hypertension, but waiting for a symptom of this condition to appear could be fatal.
The best way to know if you have hypertension is to get regular blood pressure readings. Most doctors’ offices take a blood pressure reading at every appointment.
If you only have a yearly physical, talk to your doctor about your risks for hypertension and other readings you may need to help you watch your blood pressure.
For example, if you have a family history of heart disease or have risk factors for developing the condition, your doctor may recommend that you have your blood pressure checked twice a year. This helps you and your doctor stay on top of any possible issues before they become problematic.
What causes high blood pressure?
There are two types of hypertension. Each type has a different cause.
Primary hypertension is also called essential hypertension. This kind of hypertension develops over time with no identifiable cause. Most people have this type of high blood pressure.
Researchers are still unclear what mechanisms cause blood pressure to slowly increase. A combination of factors may play a role. These factors include:
Genes: Some people are genetically predisposed to hypertension. This may be from gene mutations or genetic abnormalities inherited from your parents.
Physical changes: If something in your body changes, you may begin experiencing issues throughout your body. High blood pressure may be one of those issues. For example, it’s thought that changes in your kidney function due to aging may upset the body’s natural balance of salts and fluid. This change may cause your body’s blood pressure to increase.
obstructive sleep apnea
congenital heart defects
problems with your thyroid
side effects of medications
use of illegal drugs
alcohol abuse or chronic use
adrenal gland problems
certain endocrine tumors
Diagnosing high blood pressure
Diagnosing hypertension is as simple as taking a blood pressure reading. Most doctors’ offices check blood pressure as part of a routine visit. If you don’t receive a blood pressure reading at your next appointment, request one.
If your blood pressure is elevated, your doctor may request you have more readings over the course of a few days or weeks. A hypertension diagnosis is rarely given after just one reading. Your doctor needs to see evidence of a sustained problem. That’s because your environment can contribute to increased blood pressure, such as the stress you may feel by being at the doctor’s office. Also, blood pressure levels change throughout the day.
If your blood pressure remains high, your doctor will likely conduct more tests to rule out underlying conditions. These tests can include:
cholesterol screening and other blood tests
test of your heart’s electrical activity with an electrocardiogram (EKG, sometimes referred to as an ECG)
ultrasound of your heart or kidneys
These tests can help your doctor identify any secondary issues causing your elevated blood pressure. They can also look at the effects high blood pressure may have had on your organs.
During this time, your doctor may begin treating your hypertension. Early treatment may reduce your risk of lasting damage.
High blood pressure: Tips for prevention
If you have risk factors for hypertension, you can take steps now to lower your risk for the condition and its complications.
Add healthy foods to your diet
Slowly work your way up to eating more servings of heart-healthy plants. Aim to eat more than seven servings of fruits and vegetables each day. Then aim to add one more serving per day for two weeks. After those two weeks, aim to add one more serving. The goal is to have ten servings of fruits and vegetables per day.
Adjust how you think of the average dinner plate
Leafy greens. Potassium helps your kidneys get rid of more sodium through your urine. ...
Berries. Berries, especially blueberries, are rich in natural compounds called flavonoids. ...
Red beets. ...
Skim milk and yogurt. ...
Salmon, mackerel, and fish with omega-3s. ...
Set weight loss goals