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Constipation - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Suffering from constipation implies that the bowel movements happen less frequently or that the stool is tough. It is so common that most people experience it at some point in their lives. Even though it isn’t very serious a problem, you are prone to feel way better after the body is functioning like it should. The time gap between the bowel movements depends for each person. While some pass stool thrice daily, others may pass stool twice weekly. If the stool is passed after more than three days then it is generally considered to be too long. The fecal matter becomes harder after not being passed for three days at a stretch.

Some constipation relief techniques are:

  • Antacid medication having aluminum or calcium
  • Changing the usual activities or diet
  • Colon cancer
  • Consuming a lot of milk and other dairy products
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Eating disorders
  • Neurological conditions like multiple sclerosis or parkinsons’ disease
  • Being under active
  • Not enough roughage or water in the diet
  • Overusing laxatives
  • Nervous and muscular problems of the digestive system
  • Pregnancy
  • Resisting urges for passing stool, which some individuals might do due to hemorrhoids
  • Few medicines like certain pain killers
  • Stress
  • Hypothyroidism

What can be done for constipation treatment? Here are a few steps:

  • Drink warm beverages, more so in the morning
  • Add vegetables and fruits in your diet
  • Drink up to four more glasses full of water in a day, unless your doctor has limited fluid intake for some other reason
  • Have fibrous cereals
  • If you feel the need, take a mild stool softener or laxatives such as magnesium hydroxide. Don’t prolong laxative use for over two weeks without consulting your doctor. If the laxatives are overdone, then the symptoms may worsen.

    • Have a wholesome diet rich in fiber. Good fiber sources are vegetables, legumes, fruits and multi grain bread like bran.
    • Eat a well- balanced diet with plenty of fiber. Good sources of fiber are fruits, vegetables, legumes, and whole-grain bread and cereal (especially bran).
    • Drink 1 1/2 to 2 quarts of water and other fluids a day (unless your doctor has you on a fluid-restricted diet). Fiber and water work together to keep you regular.
    • Avoid caffeine. It can be dehydrating.
    • Cut back on milk. Some people may need to avoid it because dairy products may be constipating for them.
    • Exercise regularly. Do something active for at least 30 minutes a day, most days of the week.
    • Go to the bathroom when you feel the urge.
Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
Trouble having a bowel movement. Swollen belly or belly pain. Hard or small stools.

Popular Health Tips

Corn in Feet

Dr. Gaurav Bansal 93% (1967 ratings)
MBBS, MS-General Surgery , FMAS, FIAGES
General Surgeon, Gurgaon
Corn in Feet
A corn (or clavus, plural clavi or clavuses) is a distinctively shaped callus of dead skin that usually occurs on thin or glabrous (hairless and smooth) skin surfaces, especially on the dorsal surface of toes or fingers. They can sometimes occur on the thicker skin of the palms or bottom of the feet. Corns form when the pressure point against the skin traces an elliptical or semi-elliptical path during the rubbing motion, the center of which is at the point of pressure, gradually widening. If there is constant stimulation of the tissue producing the corns, even after the corn is surgically removed, the skin may continue to grow as a corn. Signs and symptoms The hard part at the center of the corn resembles a barley seed, that is like a funnel with a broad raised top and a pointed bottom. Because of their shape, corns intensify the pressure at the tip and can cause deep tissue damage and ulceration. Hard corns are especially problematic for people with insensitive skin due to damaged nerves (e.g., in people with diabetes mellitus). The scientific name for a corn is heloma(plural helomata). A hard corn is called a heloma durum, while a soft corn is called a heloma molle. The location of soft corns tends to differ from that of hard corns. Hard corns occur on dry, flat surfaces of skin. Soft corns (frequently found between adjacent toes) stay moist, keeping the surrounding skin soft. The corn's center is not soft, however, but indurated. Diagnosis To exclude other differential diagnoses, a skin biopsy may be taken. Treatment A popular method is to use a corn plaster, a felt ring with a core of salicylic acid that relieves pressure and erodes the hard skin. However, if an abnormal pressure source remains, the corn generally returns. If the source of any abnormal pressure is detected, this may be avoided, usually through a change to more comfortable footwear or with various types of shoe inserts or footwear with extra toe space. In extreme cases correcting gait abnormalities may be required. If no other treatment is effective, surgery may be performed.
1 person found this helpful


Dt. Ritika Dua 90% (10 ratings)
BSc-Diet & Nutrition, M.Sc-Diet & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
How to manage Constipation?

Constipation Treatment in hindi - कब्ज का इलाज

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Constipation Treatment in hindi - कब्ज का इलाज
दुनिया में तरह तरह के लोग देखने को मिलते हैं जो ऊपर से तो बहुत फ्रेश और चमकते हुए नजर हैं पर उनके शरीर के अन्दर का हाल बस उन्हें ही पता होता है। एक पुरानी कहावत है की जिस व्यक्ति का पेट साफ़ हो और जिस पर कोई कर्ज ना हो तो उससे बड़ा सुखी कोई नही। पाउडर, क्रीम, लिपिस्टिक आदि से चेहरे को निखारा जा सकता है पर अन्दर की ताजगी नहीं बनाई जा सकती। शरीर के अन्दर की ताजगी को महसूस कर पाना एक बहुत ही आनंद भरा अनुभव होता है। शरीर के अंदर होने वाली तमाम समस्याओं में एक समस्या है जो सबसे ज्यादा सुमार है जिसे हम कब्ज के नाम से जानते हैं। तो चलिये हम बात करते हैं कब्ज की जो हमें हमारे शरीर के अंदर की ताजगी का अनुभव करने से रोकती है। कब्ज यानि कॉन्स्टिपेशन पाचन तंत्र से जुड़ी एक गम्भीर समस्या है जो की किसी भी आयु वर्ग के लोगो को प्रभावित कर सकती है। पर कब्ज रोग की खासियत यह है की इसके मरीज दिनचर्या में सुधार करके और कुछ घरलू उपायों को अपनाकर इसे कंट्रोल कर सकते हैं। क्या है कॉन्स्टिपेशन कॉन्स्टिपेशन होने की वजह से पीड़ित व्यक्ति का पेट ठीक से साफ नहीं हो पाता, कॉन्स्टिपेशन के कारण अवरोही आंतों में तरल पदार्थो के अवशोशण में अधिक समय लगने के कारण उनमे शुष्क व कठोर मल अधिक एकत्रित होने लगता है, जिसकी वजह से उस व्यक्ति को मल त्याग करने में काफी परेशानी होती है। रोगी को शौच साफ़ नहीं होता है, मल सूखा और कम मात्रा में निकलता है। शौच कुंथन करने या घण्टों तक बैठे रहने पर निकलता है। जहाँ आम तौर पर लोग दिन में कम से कम एक बार शौच करते हैं वहीँ कांस्टीपेशन का मरीज कई दिनों तक मल त्याग नहीं कर पाता। आसान शब्दों में कॉन्स्टिपेशन होने का अर्थ है, पेट ठीक तरह से साफ नहीं हुआ है या शरीर में तरल पदार्थ की कम है। कब्ज होने की वजह वक्त-बेवक्त भोजन करने की आदत, तले हुए मैदे के व्यंजन, तेज मिर्च-मसालेदार चटपटे भोजन करना लगातार पेनकिलर्स या नॉरकोटिस या दर्द निवारक दवाएं खाना कई बार हॉरमोंस की गडबडी, थाइरॉयड या शुगर की बीमारी होना पहले का भोजन हजम हुए बिना फिर से भोजन खाना पानी कम पीना तथा खाने को ठीक से चबा-चबा कर ना खाना मानसिक तनाव, चिंता, क्रोध या शोक की अवस्था में भोजन करना, भोजन में रेशेदार आहार की कमी होना ज्यादा चाय, कॉफी, तंबाकू, सिगरेट शराब आदि का सेवन करना व्यायाम बिल्कुल न करना आराम पसंद लाइफ स्टाइल रखना खाना खाने के तुरंत बाद में फ्रिज का ठंडा पानी पीना रात में देर से खाना, खाना खाते ही बिस्तर पकड़ना करणों के बाद आइए अब जानते हैं कॉन्स्टिपेशन के लक्षण और इलाज के आसान नुस्खे। मल का हार्ड और सुखा होना हफ्ते में 3 बार से कम मल त्याग करना मल त्याग करते समय दर्द होता है मल त्याग में बहुत ज़ोर लगाने की जरूरत पड़ना मल त्याग के बाद भी ऐसा लगना की अभी कुछ बाकी है पेट में मरोड़ उठना पेट में दर्द रहना सरदर्द रहना पेट में गैस रहना बदहजमी पाइल्स की समस्या होना जो की मल त्याग के समय ज्यादा ज़ोर लगाने से अक्सर हो जाती है जी मिचलाना और भूख कम लगना पैरों में दर्द रहना उल्टी जैसा होना चक्कर आना मूँह से बदबू आने लगना कमर दर्द होना बहुत कमजोरी का अहसास होना पेट में भारीपन लगना ब्लड प्रेशर का बढ़ना त्वचा पर फोड़े फुंसी होना एसिडिटी होना मूँह में छाले होना डिप्रेशन रहना अब हम जानते हैं कब्ज से छुटकारा पाने के नुस्खे। 1. खूब पिएं पानी कम पानी पीने से कब्ज़ की समस्या हो सकती है। इस समस्या में मल आंतों में सूख जाता है, और मल त्याग करने के लिए ज़ोर लगाना पड़ता है। कब्ज़ के रोगियों को चाहिए कि वो अधिक से अधिक पानी पिएं। 4 लीटर पानी एक दिन में पीने की आदत डालें। खाना खाते समय पानी न पिएं और इसकी बजाय आप खाना खाने से आधा घंटा पहले पानी पी सकते हैं। 2. पपीता अमरूद खाएं कॉन्स्टिपेशन की शिक़ायत हो तो आपको पपीते और अमरुद का सेवन ज़रूर करना चाहिए । दोनों के गुण हमारे पेट को लाभ पहुंचाते हैं। 3. तांबा तांबे की बर्तन में पानी भरकर उसमें 1 चम्मच त्रिफला चूर्ण डालकर रातभर रखें। सुबह बिना कुछ खाए पिए इस पानी को छानकर पीना चाहिए। इस प्रयोग को नियमित करने से पुरानी से पुरानी कब्ज में राहत मिलती है। 4. बादाम बादाम का तेल भी कब्ज़ की समस्या में लाभ पहुंचाता है। इससे आंतों की कार्य क्षमता बढ़ती है। रात को सोने से पहले गुनगुने दूध में 1 चम्मच बादाम का तेल डालकर पीना चाहिए। 15 दिन लगातार इस उपाय को करने से पुरानी कब्ज़ भी ठीक हो जाती है। 5. नींबू पानी एक कप हल्के गरम पानी में 1 नींबू निचोड़कर पीने से आंतों में जमा हुआ मल बाहर निकालने में मदद करता है। 6. गरम दूध रात को गरम दूध पीकर सोना चाहिए। अगर मल आंतों में चिपक गया है तो दूध में अरंडी का तेल मिलाकर पिएं। 7. रेशेदार आहार रेशेदार भोजन करना चाहिए। हरे पत्तेदार सब्ज़ियों, फलों और सलाद में फाइबर अधिक होता है। कब्ज़ से छुटकारा पाने के लिए पालक का जूस भी लाभदायक है। 8. मुनक्का बीज निकले हुए 12 मुन्नके दूध में उबालकर खाएं और दूध पी जाएं। सुबह होने तक आपकी कब्ज़ खुल जाएगी। 9. ऑरेंज 8-10 दिन तक सुबह ख़ाली पेट संतरे का जूस पीने से पुरानी कॉन्स्टिपेशन ख़त्म हो जाएगी। लेकिन हां संतरे के जूस में कुछ भी न मिलाएं। 10. ईसबगोल की भूसी 10 ग्राम ईसबगोल की भूसी 125 ग्राम दही में घोलकर सुबह शाम में खाने से कब्ज़ ख़त्म हो जाता है। 11. व्यायाम पेट से संबंधित नियमित व्यायाम करें इससे आपके कब्ज की समस्या के साथ ही पेट और शरीर की अन्य समस्याओं में भी राहत मिलेगी।
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Gastrointestinal Disorders - Know Its Types!

Dr. Ramneek Varma 90% (335 ratings)
MD-Internal Medicine , MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Gastrointestinal Disorders - Know Its Types!
Most people have experienced stomach ache at some point in their lives. People who are affected with digestive disorders suffer from reduction in the digestion potential, which leads to insufficient conversion of nutrients to usable forms. There is a wide range of stomach disorders that people suffer from, ranging from the functional disorders to irritable bowel syndromes to constipation and several others. Functional disorders of the stomach Functional disorders of the stomach occur when the bowel movement appears normal, yet they do not function in the proper way. It is one of the most common gastro-intestinal problems and affects the rectum and colon, including constipation. It is mainly caused due to various reasons like regular consumption of a diet containing low fibre content, not getting enough exercise, and consuming a large amount of dairy products. You are likely to suffer from functional disorders of the stomach when you are stressed or resisting the urge of a bowel movement. Some people have the tendency of consuming laxatives without following any kind of regulation, and it leads to weakening of the stomach muscles in the course of time, and gastro-intestinal issues. Common problem of constipation Constipation is basically the restricted bowel movement and is caused due to an insufficient amount of roughage or fibre in the diet. It causes an individual to strain while passing stools and leads to hard and small stools, and eventually causes chronic problems like fissures and haemorrhoids. You can avoid these issues by including more roughage in your diet and by exercising daily. Although laxatives can alleviate the condition, it is crucial to understand that it is not a permanent solution, and you must consult your doctor for a sustainable solution. Getting rid of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) Also referred to as spastic colon, IBS is a clinical condition where the colon muscles can contract almost instantly. There are numerous factors that can lead to this problem, such as certain medicines and foods as well as emotional stress. The most commonly seen symptoms are abdominal cramps and pains, excessive gas formation and bloating, and alterations in bowel habits. If you are suffering from IBS, then it is important to stay away from caffeine at all cost. Also monitor the foods that trigger IBS and stay away from them. If these remedies are not able to offer a solution to your suffering, then it is crucial to speak with your doctor and seek treatment to get rid of your stomach problems.
3431 people found this helpful

Health Benefits of Ginger!

Dr. Gautam Clinic Pvt Ltd 95% (52 ratings)
Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad
Health Benefits of Ginger!
1. Helps Calm Nausea and Vomiting Clinical studies have proven ginger s effectiveness at calming nausea and vomiting. Research has also confirmed its potential against chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). The majority of studies found a positive effect against this side effect of aggressive therapies. Ginger may be a powerful option for those suffering from toxic medical procedures. 2. Digestive Tract Protection Ginger has also been historically used for flatulence, constipation, bloating, and other digestive complaints. In addition to these gastro-protective effects, researchers have found ginger to be effective for stress related ulcers. 3. Brain Health Ginger contains compounds that have demonstrated protective effects for the brain. One of them, known as 6-Shogaol, inhibited the release and expression of redness-causing chemicals known to cause damage to neurons in both in vitro and in vivo models. The other, 10-gingerol, when sourced from fresh ginger, similarly impacted production of nitric oxide and other chemicals that lead to redness and swelling in the brain. 4. Migraine Relief In a clinical trial, 100 patients received ginger powder or a drug given to migraine sufferers. The results showed the ginger powder helped reduce migraine related discomfort without side effects. 5. Supports Stable Blood Sugar Ginger has repeatedly demonstrated powerful blood sugar balancing effects. It acts on insulin release and sensitivity, and supports the metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids. In one study, insulin levels noticeably lowered with ginger supplementation. In addition to its effectiveness as a blood sugar stabilizer, ginger has also demonstrated powerful protective effects against diabetic kidney.
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Popular Questions & Answers

Sir, I have constipation & have to go 3-4 time a day, I tried good diet, exercise & healthy habits but problem is same. Even after going many times no good feeling. When I eat get pressure. Curd& buttermilk cause me severe constipation. One day when I take ZIFI LBX 200 antibiotic get good relief than any other day, but not in 1 time but in 2-3 time. When I constipated heartburn, indigestion, burps &farts occurred in huge nature.

Dr. Himani Negi 93% (14030 ratings)
Homeopath, Chennai
The first line of treatment that almost everyone resorts to is that of taking laxatives. It is likely to be any of the most frequently advertised one bought over the counter. It may even be something recommended by an elder in the family. The biggest disadvantage of such laxatives is that they are habit forming. Once you start takingthem, you cannot leave them. Otherwise, you will not be able to evacuate your bowels in a satisfactory manner. Here, Homeopathy offers the biggest advantage. The homeopathic medicines do not work as laxatives. This means that you should not expect them to work as short term quick fixes. Rather, they work to improve the digestive system which has lost its proper and smooth functioning. The peristaltic movement of the intestines, which is responsible for pushing out the waste matter is often compromised in patients who are constipated. Homeopathy  intends to cure the root cause of constipation. It is therefore natural that these medicines are going to take some time to get things going. Ultimately, it is effective at restoring this peristaltic movement to the normal self You can easily take an online consultation for further treatment guidance and permanent cure without any side effects

Hi doc, I am 30th week pregnant. I had history of laparotomy at 3rd month due to ovarian torsion and low lying placenta till 27th week, in the recent scan found placenta is 4 cm away from cervix. My question is I am heavy Constipated nowadays, so most of the I take more time to pass bowel and it's bit tight also. I am trying to not to force poop. But when it is tight I may put pressure. Does forcing bowel causes any prob or causes to cervical length to decrease? Please advice I am bit scared of cervical length. Currently cervical length is 3.4 cm.

Dr. Gitanjali 93% (433 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
You should drink lots of fluids ,takefibre rich diet ,eat fresh fruits and salad, do not consume things made of refined flour. All these measures will prevent constipation if you still have problem take some laxative like cremafin syp. Bearing down while defecation is not good in pregnancy.
1 person found this helpful

After my transfer to a different city I'm facing constipation problem. I don't want to use medicines what should I do.

Dr. Divya Jyothi Telagareddy 92% (60 ratings)
General Physician, Vizianagaram
Drink lot of water. Eat fibre rich foods like leafy vegetables, beans, lady's fingers, bottle guard etc and fruits like banana, guava etc.

Mujhe puchna h ki me roz subah toilet nhi ja pati jese koi b normal insan subah uthte hi toilet jata h mjhe 2 din ho jate or kafi br 3-4 din bhi mera pet itna jam rhta h to mjhe uske liye kya krna chahiye jisse ki me roz subah uthte hi toilet jaya kru?

Dr. Ramawtar Sharma 94% (169 ratings)
B.A.M.S, MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Ajmer
hello Lybrate user drink plenty of water, take fiber rich diet, avoid fast food and spicy fried stuffs. do yoga and morning walk. take basti karma ( unique Panchkarma procedure ) along with ayurvedic medicines for get rid of this problem.

Health Quizzes

Ayurveda And Constipation

Dr. Manoj Virmani 91% (266 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Alternate Medicine
Ayurveda, Karnal
Severe constipation can cause the body to absorb all the toxins present in the body, thus causing diseases like asthma, colon cancer and arthritis. True or False? Take the quiz to find out!
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Treating Constipation

General Physician, Mumbai
Can Fruits Completely Relieve Constipation? Take this quiz to find out!
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Problem of Constipation
Mera naam Dr G L Moondra hai. Main Prakratik chikitsa ka consultant hun. Aaj me apse Kabz ke vishay me kuch baat karna chahta hun. Humari yeh paachan pranali hai, mukh se lekar recrum tak iski kul lambaai 7 meter se adhik hoti hai. Iski antim bhaag ki lagbhag ek meteer lambaai me humara bhojan ka bacha hua bhaag, mal ke roop me parivartit hota hai. Aur iske antim chorr se bahar nikal jata hai. Kisi bhi karan se jab ye mal bahar nahi nikal pata hai, ye aant me ikhatta hone lagta hai, to ise kabz kehte hai. Yeh kabx ki beemari sari duniya me feli hui hai. Sare sansaar me iska bohot he vistaar hai. Sur isko mitaane ke lie hazaaro prakaar ki dawaiya duniya me bikti hai parantu kabz ka theek hone ka koi naam he nahi hai. Chikitsak log kehte hai ki kabz koi badi beemari nahi hai, balki beemari hai he nahi. Aur sahi baat bhi hai. Vaastav me kabz koi beemari nahi hai parantu humare shareer me jitni beemariya hoti hai, jese sardi zukham se lekar cancer tak, in sab he dawaiyo me kabz se kahi na kahi, kuch na kuch vaad zarur hota hai. Aur yahi kaaran hai ki kabz se saari duniya chintit rehti hai. Kabz zindagi ki sab khushiya cheen leta hai. Aur islie ise mitaane ke liye log bohot prakaar ke padaartho ka upyg karte hai. Parantu ye padaarth kabx ko mitaate nahi, balki aanto ko system ko aur bhi kamzorr kardete hai. Aus is prakaar zada se zada quantity me aur zada shaktishaali padaartho par manushya nirbhar hota chala jata hai. Vaastav mein dekha jaae to kabz ka mukhya kaaran hai khaan paan ki gadbad. Humare khane mein reshe ki, fibre ki bohot kami hojati hai. Khane me fibre ki kami ka karan hai humare khane me cheeni, maida, dhuli hui daal ityaadi. Reshe ki poorti hoti hai sabziya khane se aur fruits khane se. Lekin bohot log ya to fruits aur sabziya khate he nahi, aur khate bhi hai to unko cheel kar itna saaf kardete hai ki reshe wala bhaag totally nasht hojata hai. Is prakaar ke bhojan se he kabz hota hai. Agar kabz mitana hai to iska keval or keval upaaye prakratik chikitsa hai. Prakratik chikitsa ke dwara kabz se peedit logo ko ye bataya jata hai ki unke bhojan me kya sudhar hona chaie, unhe ye bhi bataya jata hai ki unko kya vyayaam karna chaie jisse ki kabz na ho, aur sath he yeh bhi bataya jata hai ki kis prakaar kabz hojane par uski haaniyo se bachne ke liye kya upaaye kar sakte hai. Yeh sab mila kar prakratik chikitsa ek aisi vidha ban jati hai jise naa keval kabz mit jata hai balki shareer ke aur doosre rog bhi khatam hojate hai. Sath me dawaiyo par bhi apki nirbharta kam hojati hai. Yadi is vishay me aap aur kuch janna chahte hai ya fir apni beemari ko mitaane ke liye consult karna chahte hai, to aap Lybrate ke through mujhse baat kar sakte hai ya appointment lekar aap mujhse mil bhi sakte hai.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice