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Overview

Infection: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

The root cause for most of the illness is anyhow related to infection. The definitive aspect of infection speaks the entry of an unwanted organism within the body that ends up causing harm in the human body. These organisms are basically parasites who need a different body for survival. The human body turns to be their habitat to reproduce, sustain and even colonize. These harmful organisms are called pathogens. These are extremely efficient and swift in adopting and multiplying in number. Fungus, virus, bacteria, prions combine to form countless types of infection. Where some of the infections are mild and do not cause any such threat to life, some of the infection turns out to be severe and often life-threatening accompanied by immediacy in treatment.

There are mainly four types of infections that generally affect human most commonly. Virus infection caused by a virus is one the most common infection and more than 50,000 virus infections has been discovered. The virus invades into a body and quickly gets fixed in a cell. No, soon they enter the cell, the release of genetic material enables them to multiply into thousands. Virus-like HPV and EBV replicates cell forcefully to an uncontrolled number that results in the birth of cancer. On the other hand, some of the common virus infections are common cold, encephalitis, meningitis, gastroenteritis, influenza, HIV, dengue fever and more.

Bacterial microorganism known as prokaryotes tends to occupy its space and secures its presence in the entire biomass of the earth. Bacteria being highly resistant to extreme heat, cold and radioactive waste remains the cause of diseases like cholera, pneumonia, diphtheria, skin infection, typhoid, tuberculosis and lot more.

The variation of fungus in more than 51 million species results in the growth of numerous infection in a human body like skin and eye infection, ringworm, valley fever, and athlete’s feet.

Prion infection does not usually lead to much harm but if increases in abnormal shape ultimately result in damaging sensitive part of the brain and at the same time effects the nervous system severely.

How is the treatment done?

Some of the symptoms that usually penetrates on birth of infection are pain, swelling or warmth around the affected area, constant fever, fluid drainage and often red streaks coming out from the affected area. On experiencing any unusual symptoms in your body, you must get a check-up done by your family doctor. Neglecting the symptoms may turn harmful in the long run. It is extremely necessary to figure out the cause of the infection as some of them can lead to fatal disease, if avoided.

The doctor would primarily ask for a detailed knowledge regarding the symptoms you are facing. In case of skin problems, he would keenly look at the affected area and may also use a microscope in the process to diagnosis the accurate cause. The doctor may also ask you to undergo few tests that would evaluate the cause and thus help the doctor in executing proper treatment for the same. With accordance to the result of the test, the doctor would prescribe antibiotics to fight against the infection.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The people suffering from any unusual symptoms are advised to reach for a consultation as most of the disease has its roots in germs and infection caused by pathogens.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People who are fit and healthy and not suffering from any unusual symptoms are not eligible for the treatment or rather do not need treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Infections are of varied types. At the same time, medicines prescribed by doctors comes with various side effects. Some of the common side effects of antibiotics are vomiting tendency, nausea, fever, dry throat, white colour patches on the tongue, sudden vaginal itching and discharge and even diarrhoea and abdominal pain.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Only following the treatment prescribed by the doctor will not keep you safe near future. Infections are highly communicable and occupy high chance of occurring again. You must maintain some fixed habits that would help to avoid any further occurrence of infection. These include common habits mostly learnt from parents and teachers in the childhood. Some of them include washing hands, taking vaccinations and avoid vulnerability to infections, sanitation and cleanliness. Added to that, you should never share or use other things of others, that remain a pivotal source of spreading infection. Further, you should be under complete rest during the treatment and let your body fight against the germ in your body.

How long does it take to recover?

Mild infection generally takes 1 or 2 weeks to recover. At the same time, infections in sensitive organs like lungs and kidney, the treatment process extends and lingers for a long time until they show up to some better results.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of the treatment entirely depends on the severity of the condition and the cause. In case of mild infection, only consultation fees and medical expenses are concerned whereas on the other hand, for conditions that are severe and have chances of being hospitalised, the treatment is expensive.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Most of the human disease has an underlying cause related to infection. However, most of them can be treated and recovered provided if it gets diagnosed at the right time and exposed to the accurate treatment.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Natural remedies are no doubt the best way to treat illness. They provide treatment without any side effects. Some of the natural ingredients that provides best treatment over any medicine are ginger, honey, oil oregano, colloidal silver, Echinacea. Each and every item is extremely helpful in treating disease caused by infections. These natural items are best to treat infection at an early stage while fatal cases require medication to get a control over it immediately.

Safety: Condition Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 500- Rs 5,000

Popular Health Tips

Comprehensive Eye Exam - How Is It Beneficial?

M.S
Ophthalmologist, Ahmedabad
Comprehensive Eye Exam - How Is It Beneficial?

While an eye exam should be conducted for anybody at least every six months, many people do not believe it to be so important. However, there are benefits to having a comprehensive eye exam. But, what exactly are these benefits?

Eye Check-ups are Indicative
To start with, when one goes for an eye exam, problems relating not just to the eyes can be discovered. As a matter of fact, an ophthalmologist or an eye specialist is quite often the first person to detect problems with the entire body. These problems include diabetes and hypertension. It can be said that a person who has healthy eyes is more likely than not to be in the pink of health! When a person has a health issue detected early by an eye doctor, it can result in easier treatment - easier on the person as well as on the pocket! After all, why go through the pain of more pain and expense before getting it addressed?

Catch your ailments early
It can be said that eye exams are very important for children as having bad eyesight which goes uncorrected can have some really serious consequences. The strain on the child’s eyes due to school work like staring at the board with weak eyes can cause very bad headaches and the situation gets worse. Children usually do not have a proper idea of what normal vision is like so they are more likely to not notice a decrease in the quality of vision. This really does increase the need of eye exams for them.


Eye exams are different from vision tests
Many people are of the opinion that getting their eyes checked is the same as having an eye exam. However, it is to be noted that this is not the same. A person who does not have advanced medical qualifications when it comes to the eyes usually conducts a vision test. This could be a nurse or an optometrist. They actually do not dig much further beneath the surface, so they miss out the critical bits!

Eye alignment matters
The truth is that only an eye doctor knows what exactly to look for when an eye exam is conducted. So what exactly does an eye doctor look for? Apart from early signs of glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy, the eye doctor would look for strabismus. This refers to the alignment of the eyes. When the eyes are not properly aligned, depth perception suffers and this can cause serious damage, especially if a person drives.

Apart from these, the doctor would also look at how well one’s eyes work together and whether there are any age-related diseases.

 

UTI During Pregnancy - Why Should You Worry?

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology , FACS (USA)
Gynaecologist, Delhi
UTI During Pregnancy - Why Should You Worry?

The urinary system of our body consists of kidneys, ureter, bladder, and urethra. A urinary tract infection occurs in the system and is the most common disease in women, especially during pregnancy. Pregnancy leads to many hormonal changes in a woman’s body. The changes increase the risk of vesicoureteral flux and urinary stasis. Though most of the infections are limited to the bladder and urethra, sometimes it might even affect the kidneys. When the UTI reaches the kidneys during pregnancy, it can lead to premature child birth and below average weight of the baby after birth.

Why are pregnant women more susceptible to UTI?
Pregnant women are considered to be immunocompromised UTI hosts. It is due to the physiological changes that a woman undergoes during this period. The changes raise the risk of serious infectious complications from symptomatic and asymptomatic urinary infections.

Hormones cause changes in the body during pregnancy and these hormonal changes are one of the main reasons behind getting an infection. The developing uterus presses on the bladder as you carry the baby and it grows with time, and this makes it hard for the woman to let out all the urine which is unhygienic. It becomes difficult to empty the bladder; as a result, it becomes more prone to reflux. It is a state where some of the urine travels back to the ureter and finally to the kidneys.

The symptoms to look out for

  • The need to urinate often and with an urgency
  • Feeling of burning sensation during urination
  • Cramps in the lower back or lower belly
  • The color of the urine is not transparent and has an odor to it

Why should you be worried?
Asymptomatic bacteriuria is a bacterial infection in the urinary tract and which shows no symptoms as such. If the woman is not pregnant, then the asymptomatic infection would not be severe. Moreover, it would clear on its own. On the other hand, if the person is pregnant, this type of bacterial disease needs to be treated immediately as there is a chance of a kidney infection if it is left untreated.

When the progesterone levels are high, it decreases the muscle tone of the ureter causing them to dilate and slowing the urine flow. The slow rate of the flow of urine gives the bacteria more time to multiply and take hold of the bladder before the urine is flushed out of the system. It becomes easier for those bacteria to flow back to the kidneys. Moreover, during pregnancy, the urine becomes less acidic and contains more glucose, a condition which is suited for bacterial growth.

Drinking plenty of water prevents you from a Urinary Tract Infection during pregnancy. If you detect any of the symptoms, report to your doctor who would advise urine test to perform diagnosis and proceed with the treatment.

1 person found this helpful

Mucormycosis - Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment!

Fellowship- IPNA(Pediatric Nephrologist), Fellowship- ISPN, Diploma In Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician, Delhi
Mucormycosis - Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment!

Mucormycosis is a kind of fungal infection that falls under the category of mucorale family. Although rare, mucormycosis is a very serious condition. It occurs when the immune system has become weak as a result of a health condition or illness. Mucormycosis can prove to be fatal if left untreated.

Symptoms
Mucormycosis can arise on any part of the body. It initially appears at the site of injury or trauma on the skin and then spreads quickly to other places. Initial symptoms that indicate the possibility of mucormycosis include-

Fever
• A cough
• A headache
• Sinus Pain
Nasal congestion
• Skin tissues that have become black
• Blisters
Swelling
• Ulcers
• Tenderness

Mucormycosis and Pediatrics
Mucormycosis is one of the most common fungal infections to occur in children. Pediatric mucormycosis affects children already suffering from malignancies such as pulmonary, paranasal sinus, or disseminated disorders and is extremely lethal. A combination of surgery and active anti-fungal therapy provides a better outcome.

Diagnosis
Usually, children suffering from mucormycosis do not realize it because the symptoms associated with it are also similar to many other disorders or illnesses. However, it is recommended that you take your child to visit a doctor if you suspect an infection.

The condition is diagnosed with the help of a nasal discharge or phlegm sample if you are suffering from a sinus infection. In case the infection has come about due to a skin infection, your health care provider might clean the area that is in question.

Treatment of Mucormycosis

  • One of the first steps to treating mucormycosis is receiving anti-fungal infections through IV or intravenous. The next step that follows is surgical debridement which involves cutting away of the infected tissue. Removing away the infected part by cutting it away from the body prevents the chances of the infection from spreading to the other body parts.
  • If the response rate of the patient is fairly well to intravenous and tissue removal method, the doctor will move onto the stage of oral medications in place of IV.
  • As mucormycosis is not contagious, it is not likely to get passed onto from an already infected person. Therefore, this matter self-care measures are the only way to evade an infection. If your child has weak immunity, for example, ensure that he/she wears a mask while doing any activity that involves dust and inhaling any outside air that might be polluted. Taking precautions during any change of season is also recommended.
1436 people found this helpful

Proteinuria- The Most Common Causes!

MD, MBBS, FRCP - Nephrology
Nephrologist, Delhi
Proteinuria- The Most Common Causes!

Proteinuria is a condition that presents itself as an abnormal amount of protein in the urine. It is very often symptomatic of a kidney disease. When the kidneys are functional and healthy, they do not allow proteins to filter through them into the bladder. But if the kidneys are damaged then they might be unable to filter proteins like albumin from the blood stream. It could also be a result of an over synthesis of proteins in the body.
Since kidney diseases are usually asymptomatic, proteinuria may be one of the first sign of an underlying disease affecting your kidneys. This can be easily diagnosed by a simple urine test to determine whether the kidneys are functioning properly.

Symptoms-

  1. Frothy urine means that there is a heavy loss of protein.
  2. Bloating due to an excess of water in the body tissues.

Risk Factors-
1.Diabetes
Diabetes with its irregularities in insulin secretion can cause an imbalance of protein filtration by the kidneys.

2.High Blood Pressure or Hypertension, as it is more commonly known, can affect the hormonal balance causing damage to the kidneys.
Other risk factors include obesity, a genetic history of kidney diseases. Race and ethnicity also tend to play a role when it comes to developing kidney diseases.

If none of these warning signals present themselves, then it is best to keep a cautious eye on the urine and kidney tests along with the blood pressure to make sure that nothing develops.

Causes-
The major and most probable causes of proteinuria are-

  1. Diseases that affect the kidney’s filtering units such as glomerulonephritis. An acute inflammation caused by an immune response can damage the kidney’s function in eliminating excess fluids and waste from the bloodstream before it passes into urine.
  2. Urinary tract infections can cause proteinuria. But they usually occur in conjunction with other signs.
  3. Proteinuria can also be caused by an underlying congestive heart condition. It could be one of the earliest warning signs of eclampsia during pregnancy.
  4. Temporary proteinuria can occur after a bout of vigorous exercise or if you have a high fever.

Though not specifically a disease, it is symptomatic of other serious diseases. Its treatment is dependent on identifying and managing the underlying cause. If left untreated it could lead to kidney failure. For mild and temporary cases, treatment might not even be necessary. But for those with chronic diseases like high blood pressure and diabetes, it is essential to prevent the progression of the kidney damage that causes proteinuria.

5 people found this helpful

Acute Renal Failure - Major Reasons That Can Lead To It!

DNB (Urology), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Gurgaon
Acute Renal Failure - Major Reasons That Can Lead To It!

Acute renal failure is an exceptional condition that befalls when the kidney loses the ability to eradicate salts, waste material and fluid from the blood. Since waste elimination is the core function of the kidney, failure to do so results in body fluids rising to dangerous levels. Acute renal failure is often witnessed by people who are already under medical supervision. The condition can aggravate in a matter of few days to few weeks. It is potentially a life-threatening condition and requires expert medical care under supervision.

Potential causes of acute renal failure: There could be a flurry of reasons for a renal failure. Some of the common ones include conditions that slow down the flow of blood to the kidney, kidney gets directly damage, the uterus gets blocked and the waste can’t leave the body through the urine etc. Here is more on the causes:

  1. Kidney failure due to slow blood flow to the kidney: Some diseases or conditions that might slow down the flow of blood to the kidney include fluid loss, heart attack, allergic reaction, infection, extreme dehydration, cardiac diseases, liver failure, consumption of blood pressure related medication, use of drugs such as ibuprofen, naproxen etc., severe burns etc.
  2. Kidney failure due to a direct damage to the kidneys: Some of the agents/diseases or condition that can directly damage the kidneys include
    1. Cancer of the plasma cells
    2. Premature destruction of the RBC, a condition known as the Haemolytic Uremic Syndrome
    3. Certain medication including but not limited to chemotherapy drugs, dyes that are utilized in imagery tests, zoledronic acid etc.
    4. An inflammation of the blood vessels
    5. A disorder of the immune system leading to glomerulonephritis. This condition is known as lupus
    6. A rare disease affecting the connective tissues and skin, known as scleroderma.
    7. Inflammation of the kidney filters known as glomerulonephritis
    8. Consumption of certain toxins including but not limited to heavy metals, alcohol, cocaine etc
    9. A blood disorder, known as the Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

Renal failure due to blockage of the urine: There are certain conditions, diseases that can block the passage of urine leading to acute renal failure. The urinary obstruction can result from an array of conditions including enlarged prostate, kidney stones, blood clots in the tract of the urine, cancer in the bladder, cancer in the colon, damage of the nerve that controls the bladder, cancer-related to the cervics etc.
Some special condition: Apart from the condition mentioned-above, there are certain disorders that can lead to acute renal failure due to clotting of the blood vessels. Some of the conditions are malignant hypertension, hemolytic uremic syndrome, transfusion reaction, ITTP, scleroderma etc.

2755 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I’m facing fungal infection heavily from last two years, itching is too high and skin turns black on butt and over the place of underwear What should I do to get out of that.

FMC (Fellow in Med.Cosmetology), BHMS, csd
Aesthetic Medicine Specialist, Rajkot
Fungal infection is recurrent Maintain proper hygiene Keep your soap napkins cloths away from other family member otherwise they can get infected Wash your cloth in warm water with detol liquid or other sanitizer Do not keep area wet or perspirated Keep it dry then apply powder then wear cloths
1 person found this helpful

Please suggest I am heaving Frequent urination, back pain, headache, burning sensation while urination Urine analysis shows pus cells 2-6/HPF Is there is any uti or urinary infection.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Genito Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Ludhiana
Also get USG abdomen and pvrv and urine culture and sensitivity done. If everything is normal then start tab solifenacin 5 mg twice daily for 15 days and see how is the response.

I am 23 year old male and I have fungal infection like red spot between both legs and I took medicine itmac 200 mg and fungal infection has disappeared but it appear again and I took medicine again but this cycle is continue .fungal infection disappear and appear cyclically. What I do.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Treatment depends on the severity. Fungal infection or Ring worm. When occurs in groin, called as jock itch. Usually fungal infection is common in moist areas of body like skin folds. It's mostly circular or round in appearance. May be red or black in colour. Treatment depending on the type and severity. Avoid sharing clothes, towels and soap; sweating also increases it. As it has to be differentiated from eczema and infection, its a must to see and confirm the diagnosis for proper treatment. So, please send photos of the affected area by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
1 person found this helpful

I have white spots on my lips and they are increasing very slowly but I'm concerned that it would bumps up on my lip line as well. Is there any remedy for this spots.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
You are suffering from vitiligo. Medicine available for good improvement. As the treatment varies depending on the severity. Send photos of the affected area, by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

I am suffering from fungal infection (ringworm) and its major side effects is hair loss. Me losing hair At present terbinator 250 mg tablets is prescribed by doctor but it is still ineffective and its side effect is results hair loss n itchy skin. I request you to suggest the best remedy for fungal infection (ringworm) both home remedy and for homeopathic medicine. And many acne/pimples are grown on my head. Acne/pimples on head pains and heads likes heavy all time.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
You are suffering from hormonal changes causing Androgenetic alopecia causing hair fall. It's completely stoppable even regrowth of hair is possible with certain medications without any side effects. Treatment depends on the grade of hair loss. So, it's a must for diagnosing which grade, you are in for an effective treatment. Please send photos of your head, by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
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Skin Treatment
There are a number of skin care treatments available today, which help individuals rejuvenate their skin to a great extent. Skin problems and aging have become quite common because of the hectic lifestyles we lead, genes and other environmental conditions
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Skin And Hair Related Problems
Few common skin and hair related problems include Psoriasis , atopic dermatitis , acne , pigmentation , hair loss and so on. There are various causes behind the same and most of them have treatment options available too.
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Know More About Common Skin Problems
Few common skin problems include heat rashes, ringworm, chicken pox, rashes, eczema, contact dermatitis. There are ways one can avoid such skin diseases with few simple precautions.
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Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection from microbes. It can happen anywhere in your urinary tract.Symptoms of a UTI depend on what part of the urinary tract is infected. Treatment of UTIs depends on the cause. Your doctor will be able to determine which organism is causing the infection from the test results used to confirm the diagnosis.
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Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection from microbes. It can happen anywhere in your urinary tract. Symptoms of a UTI depend on what part of the urinary tract is infected.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice