Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Infection: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

The root cause for most of the illness is anyhow related to infection. The definitive aspect of infection speaks the entry of an unwanted organism within the body that ends up causing harm in the human body. These organisms are basically parasites who need a different body for survival. The human body turns to be their habitat to reproduce, sustain and even colonize. These harmful organisms are called pathogens. These are extremely efficient and swift in adopting and multiplying in number. Fungus, virus, bacteria, prions combine to form countless types of infection. Where some of the infections are mild and do not cause any such threat to life, some of the infection turns out to be severe and often life-threatening accompanied by immediacy in treatment.

There are mainly four types of infections that generally affect human most commonly. Virus infection caused by a virus is one the most common infection and more than 50,000 virus infections has been discovered. The virus invades into a body and quickly gets fixed in a cell. No, soon they enter the cell, the release of genetic material enables them to multiply into thousands. Virus-like HPV and EBV replicates cell forcefully to an uncontrolled number that results in the birth of cancer. On the other hand, some of the common virus infections are common cold, encephalitis, meningitis, gastroenteritis, influenza, HIV, dengue fever and more.

Bacterial microorganism known as prokaryotes tends to occupy its space and secures its presence in the entire biomass of the earth. Bacteria being highly resistant to extreme heat, cold and radioactive waste remains the cause of diseases like cholera, pneumonia, diphtheria, skin infection, typhoid, tuberculosis and lot more.

The variation of fungus in more than 51 million species results in the growth of numerous infection in a human body like skin and eye infection, ringworm, valley fever, and athlete’s feet.

Prion infection does not usually lead to much harm but if increases in abnormal shape ultimately result in damaging sensitive part of the brain and at the same time effects the nervous system severely.

How is the treatment done?

Some of the symptoms that usually penetrates on birth of infection are pain, swelling or warmth around the affected area, constant fever, fluid drainage and often red streaks coming out from the affected area. On experiencing any unusual symptoms in your body, you must get a check-up done by your family doctor. Neglecting the symptoms may turn harmful in the long run. It is extremely necessary to figure out the cause of the infection as some of them can lead to fatal disease, if avoided.

The doctor would primarily ask for a detailed knowledge regarding the symptoms you are facing. In case of skin problems, he would keenly look at the affected area and may also use a microscope in the process to diagnosis the accurate cause. The doctor may also ask you to undergo few tests that would evaluate the cause and thus help the doctor in executing proper treatment for the same. With accordance to the result of the test, the doctor would prescribe antibiotics to fight against the infection.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The people suffering from any unusual symptoms are advised to reach for a consultation as most of the disease has its roots in germs and infection caused by pathogens.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People who are fit and healthy and not suffering from any unusual symptoms are not eligible for the treatment or rather do not need treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Infections are of varied types. At the same time, medicines prescribed by doctors comes with various side effects. Some of the common side effects of antibiotics are vomiting tendency, nausea, fever, dry throat, white colour patches on the tongue, sudden vaginal itching and discharge and even diarrhoea and abdominal pain.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Only following the treatment prescribed by the doctor will not keep you safe near future. Infections are highly communicable and occupy high chance of occurring again. You must maintain some fixed habits that would help to avoid any further occurrence of infection. These include common habits mostly learnt from parents and teachers in the childhood. Some of them include washing hands, taking vaccinations and avoid vulnerability to infections, sanitation and cleanliness. Added to that, you should never share or use other things of others, that remain a pivotal source of spreading infection. Further, you should be under complete rest during the treatment and let your body fight against the germ in your body.

How long does it take to recover?

Mild infection generally takes 1 or 2 weeks to recover. At the same time, infections in sensitive organs like lungs and kidney, the treatment process extends and lingers for a long time until they show up to some better results.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of the treatment entirely depends on the severity of the condition and the cause. In case of mild infection, only consultation fees and medical expenses are concerned whereas on the other hand, for conditions that are severe and have chances of being hospitalised, the treatment is expensive.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Most of the human disease has an underlying cause related to infection. However, most of them can be treated and recovered provided if it gets diagnosed at the right time and exposed to the accurate treatment.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Natural remedies are no doubt the best way to treat illness. They provide treatment without any side effects. Some of the natural ingredients that provides best treatment over any medicine are ginger, honey, oil oregano, colloidal silver, Echinacea. Each and every item is extremely helpful in treating disease caused by infections. These natural items are best to treat infection at an early stage while fatal cases require medication to get a control over it immediately.

Safety: Condition Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 500- Rs 5,000

Popular Health Tips

Circumcision - Procedure & Benefits Of It!

DNB - General Surgery, MBBS, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Jaipur
Circumcision - Procedure & Benefits Of It!

Circumcision means a surgical procedure for the removal of the foreskin (tissue that covers the head of the penis). The surgery should ideally be performed at a young age. If it is performed on an older child or on a man, chances of infection go up.

Sometimes circumcision becomes necessary for medicinal reasons like-

• Balanitis (foreskin swelling)
• Phimosis (inability to retract the foreskin)
• Paraphimosis (a person cannot return the retracted foreskin to its original place)
• Balanoposthitis ( swelling of the tip the penis)

Some other reasons why some men undergo circumcision-

• Aesthetics
• Lowering the risks of penis-related ailments

How is circumcision performed?

The surgery is performed under partial anaesthesia (administered through an injection or a cream that numbs the penis). There are three methods (Gomco clamp, Plactibell device and morgen clamp). Any of them may be followed to perform circumcision. Circulation is cut off to the foreskin so that it does not bleed during surgery. Then the surgeon snips off the foreskin using sanitized instruments. The surgery takes around 15-20 minutes.

The pain and swelling usually subside in 5 days.

Recovery after circumcision-

If you are an adult who has undergone a circumcision, your doctor will suggest medicines that will ease the discomfort and pain following. You can get back to work within a couple of days. Rigorous activities like jogging or weight lifting should be avoided. You should also refrain from sexual activities for at least six weeks after the surgery.

In the case of circumcision on children, your child may continue to be fussy and irritated for a few days post-surgery. Ensure that the diaper is loose enough to allow the penis to heal. However, if the pain does not subdue or if there is trouble urinating and there is blood in the urine, contact your doctor immediately.

Benefits of circumcision-

It is a widely prevalent myth that circumcision makes a man infertile. It has no effect at all on a man’s fertility. There are several advantages of circumcision but all of them take effect when the child reaches puberty. The medicinal benefits of circumcision are-

• Helps maintain genital hygiene
• Lowers risks of sexually transmitted diseases like HIV
• Reduces risks of cervical cancer in the female sex partner
• Reduces the risk of penile cancer

Circumcision is a safe and minor surgery that is performed mainly in adherence to religious diktats but also for health purposes.

3549 people found this helpful

Fungal Infection Of Skin And Its Treatment!

Dermatologist, Jaipur
Fungal Infection Of Skin And Its Treatment!

Your skin is the largest and most sensitive organ of your body. Funguses that live in the human body especially armpits, groin area, nails, and feet, cause fungal skin infections. Weak immunity is the leading cause, with over 300 million people fighting fungal infections globally, every year.

Some of the common types of fungal skin infections are-

• Athlete’s foot- Also known as Tenia pedis, Athlete’s foot occurs when the tenia fungus begins to grow on your feet. It is most commonly associated with athletes because it grows in warm and moist climates such as in socks, near swimming pools and in locker rooms.

Symptoms of athlete’s foot –

  1. Infected area becomes soft and layers of skin begin to peel off
  2. Redness, blisters, and cracking of skin

Treatment includes applying of topical antifungal ointments such as terbinafine while, severe cases may require oral medication.

• Ringworm – Ringworm is a highly contagious skin infection and is spread by person-to-person or pet to person contact. The fungus can also spread through infected towel, clothes, and mud.

Symptoms of Ringworm –

  1. Red itchy patches on the skin which develop into raised ring like bumps
  2. Formation of scales on the patches

Treatment of the infection includes medicines like miconazole.

• Jock ‘s itch- Also known as Tinea Cruris, these fungi thrive in moist and warm areas of the body such as the groin, inner thighs and buttocks.

Symptoms of Jock’s itch –

  1. Itchy red circular rashes over the body and burning
  2. Chafing and peeling of the infected area

Treatment includes prescribed medication and maintaining personal hygiene.

Prevention is better than cure when it comes to fungal infections. Visit a doctor at the first signs of infection. A medical exam is the best way to detect the cause of a skin infection.

4705 people found this helpful

Non-Healing Ulcer And Wound Management!

MBBS, DNB - Peripheral Vascular Surgery, DNB - General Surgery, MNAMS
Vascular Surgeon, Nashik
Non-Healing Ulcer And Wound Management!

A non-healing wound can be any wound that does not show improvement after roughly a month and is not on the way to healing in about 2 months. There are several types of non-healing wounds, and ulcers are a major type. The other types include:

Surgery wounds that don’t seem to heal.
• Pressure related ulcers.
• Wounds that start healing but go back to square one several times.
• Wounds and ulcers caused due to disorders of body metabolism.

Symptoms: how do you understand a wound is of the non-healing variety?

Following are The Symptoms to Look Out For:

• Pain in the wound, either one that starts out after some time or one that was present from the very beginning but keeps increasing in magnitude.
• A foul smell surrounding the wound.
• An oozing sensation from the wound, or a feeling of liquid oozing from it.
• The wound becomes tender, and can turns red and hot.

Non-healing wounds are dangerous because the surface is exposed to the environment for a very long time, making it open passage for numerous bacterial germs in the atmosphere. This can lead to serious infection. The infection can get so bad that a limb might even have to be amputated.

How to manage and cure these wounds?

There are Several Ways to Keep the Damage Under Control, and These are The Most Effective Methods:

The most important part of treatment is to investigate to know the cause for ulcer. Here are the investivative measures taken:

  1. Arterial: Evaulation of circulation to leg if reduce corrective measures like angioplasty/stenting/bypass and wound care.
  2. Venous: Correction of venous insufficiency with laser or vein surgery amd wound care.
  3. Neuropathic and treatemnt accordingly: Offloading shows and corrective measures.
  4. Skin Grafting

• Trans-cutaneous oximetry: this is a method that uses electrodes to achieve its objective. The electrode is attached to the skin and heats it up. The blood vessels just beneath the skin are also heated up, and they dilate. It also improves oxygen circulation in the area and provides a reading of the oxygen pressure. This apparatus also maintains a specific temperature at the site so as to not cause thermal trauma.

• Skin grafting: in this procedure, skin is removed from one part of the body and transplanted onto another. The skin is surgically removed from a part that is generally not exposed through clothes, like the thighs or buttocks. The procedure can involve removal of either the top layers or all the layers of a portion of the skin.

Non-healing wounds and ulcers are dangerous and infectious, and proper care must be taken to diagnose and heal them. If you spot one on your body, the best bet is to go for methods like skin grafting or transcutaneous oximetry, for complete cure.

2923 people found this helpful

8 Signs You Are Suffering From Urinary Tract Infection!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Ghaziabad
8 Signs You Are Suffering From Urinary Tract Infection!

The urinary tract starts from the kidneys to the urethra where urine is passed out. Given the rich concentration of minerals and toxic wastes, it is highly prone to multiple infections. UTI, as urinary tract infections are often referred to, is one of the most common infections. In women, especially, every 1 in 2 women is affected by an UTI. Whichever part of the tract is affected, the symptoms and treatment are mostly the same. Read on to know some of the most common symptoms and treatment options for these.


  1. A burning sensation with urination
  2. Pain with urination
  3. Burning sensation or pain in the urethra or vagina
  4. Frequent urge to urinate, though not much urine is passed out
  5. Sense of incomplete emptying of the bladder
  6. Pain in the lower back on the sides of the spine
  7. Change in the urine characteristics color, smell, or appearance
  8. Fever or chills, maybe associated with shivering, nausea and vomiting


Most urinary tract infections are bacterial in nature, and these could find their way into the body through multiple ways.

  1. The most common is through the urethra, which could happen due to unclean toilet habits.
  2. Women especially are advised to wipe the urethra after each toilet visit. The bacteria from the feces can also enter the urethra due to close proximity
  3. Use of unclean public toilets is another reason for UTIs


Though most often UTI does not require specific testing, the following are useful in confirming the diagnosis.

  1. Culture and sensitivity: The urine is sent for a culture to identify the exact organism that has caused the infection. It also helps identify the right antibiotic which will help bring the infection under control.


UTIs are very common infections and though there is nothing to worry, it should be cleared completely.

  1. Antibiotic course to get rid of the infection. Though you begin to feel better, the complete course should be completed to clear the infection.
  2. Following culture testing to ensure the infection is cleared
  3. Improve water intake to get rid of the toxins
  4. Fever and pain to be controlled with medications
  5. Healthy hygiene habits to ensure clearing of infection


Recurrent UTIs is a common problem, and the following can help prevent.

  1. Ensure complete emptying of the bladder
  2. Drink adequate water
  3. Safe toilet habits, including before and after sex
  4. Comfortable and clean underwear to prevent infection
2105 people found this helpful

Things To Consider Before Going For Piles Surgery!

M.S, General Surgery, Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.), Medicine, Fellowship In Minimal Access Surgery, Fellowship In Laparoscopic & Robotic Onco-Surgery, FIAGES, Fellow in MInimally invasive HPB surgery
General Surgeon, Chennai
Things To Consider Before Going For Piles Surgery!

Piles or haemorrhoids refer to swollen blood vessels inside and around the rectum and anus. Depending on where they are located, they can be classified as internal and external haemorrhoids. Small haemorrhoids can be treated with medication, but surgery may be recommended for larger Hemorrhoids. This is known as a “Hemorrhoidectomy” and involves cutting out the enlarged veins. This surgery may be performed in many different ways.

Preparing for a Hemorrhoidectomy
A Hemorrhoidectomy is typically a one day procedure and does not require hospitalization. The patient will be given instructions that need to be strictly followed before the procedure. These include:

  1. No food should be eaten after midnight on the night before surgery. If any medication is to be taken, it should be accompanied by only a small sip of water.
  2. All makeup and jewellery must be removed before surgery.
  3. The patient may be asked to take a mild laxative or enema on the night prior to surgery.
  4. Talk to the doctor about any medication currently being taken for diabetes, blood pressure, asthma, heart conditions etc. In some cases, the medication may need to be stopped for a few days prior to surgery.

When the patient comes to the hospital for surgery, he or she should wear loose, comfortable clothes with an elastic waistband. Any medication being taken should be brought along. While the patient will be discharged the same day, he or she will not be allowed to drive back home. Hence, the patient must also make arrangements for someone to drive them home.

Surgery Procedure
This surgery can take anywhere from half-an-hour to one hour. After consulting the doctor, the patient will be given a hospital gown and medication through the intravenous route to help them relax. Various devices are attached to the body to track the patient’s heart rate, pulse etc. The patient is then put under general anaesthesia for the surgery. After the surgery, the patient will be kept in the recovery room for an hour. They are then transferred to another room and given something to eat and drink.

Hemorrhoidectomy Risks
This procedure has a high success rate and is considered relatively safe. However, as with any other procedure, there are a few risks involved. Before undergoing this surgery, the patient must be well aware of these risks. They include:

Some patients may also experience trouble passing urine. This is because the pain caused by surgery makes it difficult for the patient to relax. However, there is nothing to worry as these risks can be effectively managed by the doctor.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi i’m a 24 year old female been having itchiness, burning sensation in my vagina because of yeast infection but bought a clotrimazole cream 1%. It’s been 4 days but the itchiness is too much and unbearable.

MBBS, DGO, DNB Obs & Gynae
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hi, Itching in vagina can be due to fungal infection. Clotrimazole is commonly used but if not relieved you should get yourself checked by gynaecologist for any other problem associated terbinafine ointment can be applied locally nadoxin plus) also some anti allergic medicine will help.
1 person found this helpful

I have fungal infection for past 1 yr. I had consulted many doctors bt no results. At last am using dk gel for one month bt still no results.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Most common fungal infection is tinea also called as ring worm. This needs treatment with oral and topical antifungals. Period of treatment varies from patient to patient depending on the type of response. It may be weeks or months. Expecting cure in few days and running from one doctor to another will cause you more harm than good. Be patient and stick to one doctor. Make sure you are consulting a qualified dermatologist.
1 person found this helpful

I'm using hydroquinone tretinoin mometasone cream and its harm my skin so help me to reaping my skin. Please suggest to me.

Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Unani Specialist, Kanpur
Avoid it chandanadi avleh 10 gm twice a day chandanadi lepam relief in 5-6 days and for complete cure take it for 60 days only avoid oily and spicy food.

Sir, I am infected with ringworm from past 1 month and I used medicines such as candid ointment, luciferin lotion, castor-nf. While using those ringworm tends to get rid off but it is affecting other places. please suggest me the best medicines to get relief and how many days should I use those medicines for permanent cure.

Dermatologist, Chennai
No. Specific medicine required. Fungal infection or ring worm. When occurs in groin, called as jock itch. Usually fungal infection is common in moist areas of body like skin folds. It's mostly circular or round in appearance. May be red or black in colour. Treatment depending on the type and severity. Avoid sharing clothes, towels and soap; sweating also increases it. As it has to be differentiated from eczema and infection, its a must to see and confirm the diagnosis for proper treatment. So, please send photos of the affected area by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

I have had minoz er 65 mg for a month and stopped as instructed by my Dr. But the bumps (not big pus filled ones) on my skin are reappearing. What medication can be taken to have a clear smooth skin like I had while I was having minoz?

Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Indian Institute of Aesthetic Medicine, FMC (Fellow in Med.Cosmetology)
Dermatologist, Indore
It seems you have significant pimples so just one month of minoz 65 would not be enough. Ps- there are more effective and safer medicines available. We can discuss about them with more detailed history. Please ping me privately.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Fungal Infection And How To Treat It?
Your skin is the largest and most sensitive organ of your body. Funguses that live in the human body especially armpits, groin area, nails, and feet, cause fungal skin infections. Weak immunity is the leading cause, with over 300 million people fighting fungal infections globally, every year.
Play video
Fungal Infection
There are many kinds of infections that may afflict the body from time to time. While some of them may be dormant conditions that flare up due to environmental factors, there may be others that may occur due to a change in season as well as other causes, including interaction with a carrier of the same infection.
Play video
Aging Skin Problems
Some women look at least a decade younger than the age mentioned on their passports. For most of these women, this is the result of anti-aging creams and serums. There are dozens of anti-aging products available today. The tough part is finding the right product for you.
Play video
Winter Skin Problems
Ensure that what you use to wash your face isn t ridding your skin of natural oils in the winters. While foaming cleansers are great for the summers and help deal with sweat, in winters they can dry out your skin. Instead, switch to a cream based face wash that moisturizes the skin while cleaning it.
Play video
Vaginal Infection
A woman's vagina makes discharge that's usually clear or slightly cloudy. In part, it's how the vagina cleans itself. It doesn't really have a smell or makes you itch. How much of it and exactly what it looks and feels like can vary during your menstrual cycle? At one point, you may have only a small amount of a very thin or watery discharge, and at another time of the month, it's thicker and there's more of it. That's all normal.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice