The root cause for most of the illness is anyhow related to infection. The definitive aspect of infection speaks the entry of an unwanted organism within the body that ends up causing harm in the human body. These organisms are basically parasites who need a different body for survival. The human body turns to be their habitat to reproduce, sustain and even colonize. These harmful organisms are called pathogens. These are extremely efficient and swift in adopting and multiplying in number. Fungus, virus, bacteria, prions combine to form countless types of infection. Where some of the infections are mild and do not cause any such threat to life, some of the infection turns out to be severe and often life-threatening accompanied by immediacy in treatment.
There are mainly four types of infections that generally affect human most commonly. Virus infection caused by a virus is one the most common infection and more than 50,000 virus infections has been discovered. The virus invades into a body and quickly gets fixed in a cell. No, soon they enter the cell, the release of genetic material enables them to multiply into thousands. Virus-like HPV and EBV replicates cell forcefully to an uncontrolled number that results in the birth of cancer. On the other hand, some of the common virus infections are common cold, encephalitis, meningitis, gastroenteritis, influenza, HIV, dengue fever and more.
Bacterial microorganism known as prokaryotes tends to occupy its space and secures its presence in the entire biomass of the earth. Bacteria being highly resistant to extreme heat, cold and radioactive waste remains the cause of diseases like cholera, pneumonia, diphtheria, skin infection, typhoid, tuberculosis and lot more.
The variation of fungus in more than 51 million species results in the growth of numerous infection in a human body like skin and eye infection, ringworm, valley fever, and athlete’s feet.
Prion infection does not usually lead to much harm but if increases in abnormal shape ultimately result in damaging sensitive part of the brain and at the same time effects the nervous system severely.
Some of the symptoms that usually penetrates on birth of infection are pain, swelling or warmth around the affected area, constant fever, fluid drainage and often red streaks coming out from the affected area. On experiencing any unusual symptoms in your body, you must get a check-up done by your family doctor. Neglecting the symptoms may turn harmful in the long run. It is extremely necessary to figure out the cause of the infection as some of them can lead to fatal disease, if avoided.
The doctor would primarily ask for a detailed knowledge regarding the symptoms you are facing. In case of skin problems, he would keenly look at the affected area and may also use a microscope in the process to diagnosis the accurate cause. The doctor may also ask you to undergo few tests that would evaluate the cause and thus help the doctor in executing proper treatment for the same. With accordance to the result of the test, the doctor would prescribe antibiotics to fight against the infection.
The people suffering from any unusual symptoms are advised to reach for a consultation as most of the disease has its roots in germs and infection caused by pathogens.
People who are fit and healthy and not suffering from any unusual symptoms are not eligible for the treatment or rather do not need treatment.
Infections are of varied types. At the same time, medicines prescribed by doctors comes with various side effects. Some of the common side effects of antibiotics are vomiting tendency, nausea, fever, dry throat, white colour patches on the tongue, sudden vaginal itching and discharge and even diarrhoea and abdominal pain.
Only following the treatment prescribed by the doctor will not keep you safe near future. Infections are highly communicable and occupy high chance of occurring again. You must maintain some fixed habits that would help to avoid any further occurrence of infection. These include common habits mostly learnt from parents and teachers in the childhood. Some of them include washing hands, taking vaccinations and avoid vulnerability to infections, sanitation and cleanliness. Added to that, you should never share or use other things of others, that remain a pivotal source of spreading infection. Further, you should be under complete rest during the treatment and let your body fight against the germ in your body.
Mild infection generally takes 1 or 2 weeks to recover. At the same time, infections in sensitive organs like lungs and kidney, the treatment process extends and lingers for a long time until they show up to some better results.
The cost of the treatment entirely depends on the severity of the condition and the cause. In case of mild infection, only consultation fees and medical expenses are concerned whereas on the other hand, for conditions that are severe and have chances of being hospitalised, the treatment is expensive.
Most of the human disease has an underlying cause related to infection. However, most of them can be treated and recovered provided if it gets diagnosed at the right time and exposed to the accurate treatment.
Natural remedies are no doubt the best way to treat illness. They provide treatment without any side effects. Some of the natural ingredients that provides best treatment over any medicine are ginger, honey, oil oregano, colloidal silver, Echinacea. Each and every item is extremely helpful in treating disease caused by infections. These natural items are best to treat infection at an early stage while fatal cases require medication to get a control over it immediately.
Rs 500- Rs 5,000
While an eye exam should be conducted for anybody at least every six months, many people do not believe it to be so important. However, there are benefits to having a comprehensive eye exam. But, what exactly are these benefits?
Eye Check-ups are Indicative
To start with, when one goes for an eye exam, problems relating not just to the eyes can be discovered. As a matter of fact, an ophthalmologist or an eye specialist is quite often the first person to detect problems with the entire body. These problems include diabetes and hypertension. It can be said that a person who has healthy eyes is more likely than not to be in the pink of health! When a person has a health issue detected early by an eye doctor, it can result in easier treatment - easier on the person as well as on the pocket! After all, why go through the pain of more pain and expense before getting it addressed?
Catch your ailments early
It can be said that eye exams are very important for children as having bad eyesight which goes uncorrected can have some really serious consequences. The strain on the child’s eyes due to school work like staring at the board with weak eyes can cause very bad headaches and the situation gets worse. Children usually do not have a proper idea of what normal vision is like so they are more likely to not notice a decrease in the quality of vision. This really does increase the need of eye exams for them.
Eye exams are different from vision tests
Many people are of the opinion that getting their eyes checked is the same as having an eye exam. However, it is to be noted that this is not the same. A person who does not have advanced medical qualifications when it comes to the eyes usually conducts a vision test. This could be a nurse or an optometrist. They actually do not dig much further beneath the surface, so they miss out the critical bits!
Eye alignment matters
The truth is that only an eye doctor knows what exactly to look for when an eye exam is conducted. So what exactly does an eye doctor look for? Apart from early signs of glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy, the eye doctor would look for strabismus. This refers to the alignment of the eyes. When the eyes are not properly aligned, depth perception suffers and this can cause serious damage, especially if a person drives.
Apart from these, the doctor would also look at how well one’s eyes work together and whether there are any age-related diseases.
The urinary system of our body consists of kidneys, ureter, bladder, and urethra. A urinary tract infection occurs in the system and is the most common disease in women, especially during pregnancy. Pregnancy leads to many hormonal changes in a woman’s body. The changes increase the risk of vesicoureteral flux and urinary stasis. Though most of the infections are limited to the bladder and urethra, sometimes it might even affect the kidneys. When the UTI reaches the kidneys during pregnancy, it can lead to premature child birth and below average weight of the baby after birth.
Why are pregnant women more susceptible to UTI?
Pregnant women are considered to be immunocompromised UTI hosts. It is due to the physiological changes that a woman undergoes during this period. The changes raise the risk of serious infectious complications from symptomatic and asymptomatic urinary infections.
Hormones cause changes in the body during pregnancy and these hormonal changes are one of the main reasons behind getting an infection. The developing uterus presses on the bladder as you carry the baby and it grows with time, and this makes it hard for the woman to let out all the urine which is unhygienic. It becomes difficult to empty the bladder; as a result, it becomes more prone to reflux. It is a state where some of the urine travels back to the ureter and finally to the kidneys.
The symptoms to look out for
Why should you be worried?
Asymptomatic bacteriuria is a bacterial infection in the urinary tract and which shows no symptoms as such. If the woman is not pregnant, then the asymptomatic infection would not be severe. Moreover, it would clear on its own. On the other hand, if the person is pregnant, this type of bacterial disease needs to be treated immediately as there is a chance of a kidney infection if it is left untreated.
When the progesterone levels are high, it decreases the muscle tone of the ureter causing them to dilate and slowing the urine flow. The slow rate of the flow of urine gives the bacteria more time to multiply and take hold of the bladder before the urine is flushed out of the system. It becomes easier for those bacteria to flow back to the kidneys. Moreover, during pregnancy, the urine becomes less acidic and contains more glucose, a condition which is suited for bacterial growth.
Drinking plenty of water prevents you from a Urinary Tract Infection during pregnancy. If you detect any of the symptoms, report to your doctor who would advise urine test to perform diagnosis and proceed with the treatment.
Mucormycosis is a kind of fungal infection that falls under the category of mucorale family. Although rare, mucormycosis is a very serious condition. It occurs when the immune system has become weak as a result of a health condition or illness. Mucormycosis can prove to be fatal if left untreated.
Mucormycosis can arise on any part of the body. It initially appears at the site of injury or trauma on the skin and then spreads quickly to other places. Initial symptoms that indicate the possibility of mucormycosis include-
Mucormycosis and Pediatrics
Mucormycosis is one of the most common fungal infections to occur in children. Pediatric mucormycosis affects children already suffering from malignancies such as pulmonary, paranasal sinus, or disseminated disorders and is extremely lethal. A combination of surgery and active anti-fungal therapy provides a better outcome.
Usually, children suffering from mucormycosis do not realize it because the symptoms associated with it are also similar to many other disorders or illnesses. However, it is recommended that you take your child to visit a doctor if you suspect an infection.
The condition is diagnosed with the help of a nasal discharge or phlegm sample if you are suffering from a sinus infection. In case the infection has come about due to a skin infection, your health care provider might clean the area that is in question.
Treatment of Mucormycosis
Proteinuria is a condition that presents itself as an abnormal amount of protein in the urine. It is very often symptomatic of a kidney disease. When the kidneys are functional and healthy, they do not allow proteins to filter through them into the bladder. But if the kidneys are damaged then they might be unable to filter proteins like albumin from the blood stream. It could also be a result of an over synthesis of proteins in the body.
Since kidney diseases are usually asymptomatic, proteinuria may be one of the first sign of an underlying disease affecting your kidneys. This can be easily diagnosed by a simple urine test to determine whether the kidneys are functioning properly.
1.Diabetes: Diabetes with its irregularities in insulin secretion can cause an imbalance of protein filtration by the kidneys.
2.High Blood Pressure or Hypertension, as it is more commonly known, can affect the hormonal balance causing damage to the kidneys.
Other risk factors include obesity, a genetic history of kidney diseases. Race and ethnicity also tend to play a role when it comes to developing kidney diseases.
The major and most probable causes of proteinuria are-
Though not specifically a disease, it is symptomatic of other serious diseases. Its treatment is dependent on identifying and managing the underlying cause. If left untreated it could lead to kidney failure. For mild and temporary cases, treatment might not even be necessary. But for those with chronic diseases like high blood pressure and diabetes, it is essential to prevent the progression of the kidney damage that causes proteinuria.
Acute renal failure is an exceptional condition that befalls when the kidney loses the ability to eradicate salts, waste material and fluid from the blood. Since waste elimination is the core function of the kidney, failure to do so results in body fluids rising to dangerous levels. Acute renal failure is often witnessed by people who are already under medical supervision. The condition can aggravate in a matter of few days to few weeks. It is potentially a life-threatening condition and requires expert medical care under supervision.
Potential causes of acute renal failure: There could be a flurry of reasons for a renal failure. Some of the common ones include conditions that slow down the flow of blood to the kidney, kidney gets directly damage, the uterus gets blocked and the waste can’t leave the body through the urine etc. Here is more on the causes:
Renal failure due to blockage of the urine: There are certain conditions, diseases that can block the passage of urine leading to acute renal failure. The urinary obstruction can result from an array of conditions including enlarged prostate, kidney stones, blood clots in the tract of the urine, cancer in the bladder, cancer in the colon, damage of the nerve that controls the bladder, cancer-related to the cervics etc.
Some special condition: Apart from the condition mentioned-above, there are certain disorders that can lead to acute renal failure due to clotting of the blood vessels. Some of the conditions are malignant hypertension, hemolytic uremic syndrome, transfusion reaction, ITTP, scleroderma etc.