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Overview

Infection: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

The root cause for most of the illness is anyhow related to infection. The definitive aspect of infection speaks the entry of an unwanted organism within the body that ends up causing harm in the human body. These organisms are basically parasites who need a different body for survival. The human body turns to be their habitat to reproduce, sustain and even colonize. These harmful organisms are called pathogens. These are extremely efficient and swift in adopting and multiplying in number. Fungus, virus, bacteria, prions combine to form countless types of infection. Where some of the infections are mild and do not cause any such threat to life, some of the infection turns out to be severe and often life-threatening accompanied by immediacy in treatment.

There are mainly four types of infections that generally affect human most commonly. Virus infection caused by a virus is one the most common infection and more than 50,000 virus infections has been discovered. The virus invades into a body and quickly gets fixed in a cell. No, soon they enter the cell, the release of genetic material enables them to multiply into thousands. Virus-like HPV and EBV replicates cell forcefully to an uncontrolled number that results in the birth of cancer. On the other hand, some of the common virus infections are common cold, encephalitis, meningitis, gastroenteritis, influenza, HIV, dengue fever and more.

Bacterial microorganism known as prokaryotes tends to occupy its space and secures its presence in the entire biomass of the earth. Bacteria being highly resistant to extreme heat, cold and radioactive waste remains the cause of diseases like cholera, pneumonia, diphtheria, skin infection, typhoid, tuberculosis and lot more.

The variation of fungus in more than 51 million species results in the growth of numerous infection in a human body like skin and eye infection, ringworm, valley fever, and athlete’s feet.

Prion infection does not usually lead to much harm but if increases in abnormal shape ultimately result in damaging sensitive part of the brain and at the same time effects the nervous system severely.

How is the treatment done?

Some of the symptoms that usually penetrates on birth of infection are pain, swelling or warmth around the affected area, constant fever, fluid drainage and often red streaks coming out from the affected area. On experiencing any unusual symptoms in your body, you must get a check-up done by your family doctor. Neglecting the symptoms may turn harmful in the long run. It is extremely necessary to figure out the cause of the infection as some of them can lead to fatal disease, if avoided.

The doctor would primarily ask for a detailed knowledge regarding the symptoms you are facing. In case of skin problems, he would keenly look at the affected area and may also use a microscope in the process to diagnosis the accurate cause. The doctor may also ask you to undergo few tests that would evaluate the cause and thus help the doctor in executing proper treatment for the same. With accordance to the result of the test, the doctor would prescribe antibiotics to fight against the infection.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The people suffering from any unusual symptoms are advised to reach for a consultation as most of the disease has its roots in germs and infection caused by pathogens.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People who are fit and healthy and not suffering from any unusual symptoms are not eligible for the treatment or rather do not need treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Infections are of varied types. At the same time, medicines prescribed by doctors comes with various side effects. Some of the common side effects of antibiotics are vomiting tendency, nausea, fever, dry throat, white colour patches on the tongue, sudden vaginal itching and discharge and even diarrhoea and abdominal pain.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Only following the treatment prescribed by the doctor will not keep you safe near future. Infections are highly communicable and occupy high chance of occurring again. You must maintain some fixed habits that would help to avoid any further occurrence of infection. These include common habits mostly learnt from parents and teachers in the childhood. Some of them include washing hands, taking vaccinations and avoid vulnerability to infections, sanitation and cleanliness. Added to that, you should never share or use other things of others, that remain a pivotal source of spreading infection. Further, you should be under complete rest during the treatment and let your body fight against the germ in your body.

How long does it take to recover?

Mild infection generally takes 1 or 2 weeks to recover. At the same time, infections in sensitive organs like lungs and kidney, the treatment process extends and lingers for a long time until they show up to some better results.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of the treatment entirely depends on the severity of the condition and the cause. In case of mild infection, only consultation fees and medical expenses are concerned whereas on the other hand, for conditions that are severe and have chances of being hospitalised, the treatment is expensive.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Most of the human disease has an underlying cause related to infection. However, most of them can be treated and recovered provided if it gets diagnosed at the right time and exposed to the accurate treatment.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Natural remedies are no doubt the best way to treat illness. They provide treatment without any side effects. Some of the natural ingredients that provides best treatment over any medicine are ginger, honey, oil oregano, colloidal silver, Echinacea. Each and every item is extremely helpful in treating disease caused by infections. These natural items are best to treat infection at an early stage while fatal cases require medication to get a control over it immediately.

Safety: Condition Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 500- Rs 5,000

Popular Health Tips

Preventive Measures If You Are Prone To Recurrent UTIs!

DGO, MBBS, FOGSI
Gynaecologist, Ahmedabad
Preventive Measures If You Are Prone To Recurrent UTIs!

Reproductive health is a significant social and medical concern in a developing country like India. An estimated 25% of women in India suffer from acute cystitis and recurrent UTIs or urinary tract infections. Women are susceptible to the condition and those that develop this disease within two weeks of treatment either undergo a recurrence or an infection owing to the original uropathogen. Preventing urinary tract infections has become even more significant since it can lead to further complications that may require surgery.

How to prevent recurrent UTIs?
The three main risk factors for recurrent urinary tract infections in women include a high number of sexual intercourse without protection, the use of a diaphragm and spermicide, and lastly, the loss of effect of estrogen in the vagina and periurethral structures. Women that suffer from about 2 to 3 urinary tract infections in a year can significantly benefit from behavioral modifications.

A few effective measures have been listed below:

  1. Emptying the bladder: Sexually active women must void the bladder right after sexual intercourse. This action reduces the chances of coitus-related introduction of bacteria into the bladder. According to some experts, large volumes of urinary flow can also reduce the risk of urinary tract infections.
  2. Drinking more fluids: The increased intake of fluids, preferably coconut water and plain water, can reduce the risk of repeated infections in women’s urinary tracts. The benefits are not limited to premenopausal women, but women of all ages. A frequent voiding of the bladder also cuts the chances of infection.
  3. Refraining from holding it: As long as women retain urine to sit in their bladders, bacteria can build up and spread to other parts as well. Medical professionals advise women to use the washroom once every 4 hours and more often if they have recurrent urinary tract infections.
  4. Wiping from front to back: Bacterial infection to the urethra can be accessed through the vagina and the rectum. When women wipe from back to front, the bacteria in the rectum accesses the urethra through the vagina. To avoid this, women are advised to wipe from front to back.
  5. Cranberries are good for health: Cranberries are rich in proanthocyanins. These chemicals are believed to inhibit bacteria from sticking into the bladder. In the absence of access to real cranberries, women should drink cranberry juice or its supplements.
  6. Choosing suitable contraceptives: Women that are prone to develop UTIs should stay away from diaphragms and spermicide since these can alter the natural pH balance of their private parts. This aids bacterial growth. Diaphragms are less problematic, but they may inhibit the complete voiding of the bladder and may trigger bacterial overgrowth.

Women who are approaching menopause or in menopause must consider ingesting estrogen supplements since the deficiency of this useful hormone makes them vulnerable to infection-causing bacteria. It is advisable to discuss the issue with the doctor and follow the recommendations.

How Laser Is Beneficial In Treating Urological Conditions?

MBBS, DNB ( General Surgery ), DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Pune
How Laser Is Beneficial In Treating Urological Conditions?

Urology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diseases and disorders of the male and female urinary system and the male reproductive organs. It is a specialized branch of medicine that has been in existence for a long time and has advanced in many ways over the past two decades, courtesy the introduction of the laser technology. Laser technology has helped urologists tremendously and they have been able to treat a number of patients through laser-assisted surgery. The use of lasers has made it possible for the urologists to utilize endoscopic instruments with small-diameter that allow them to see the minutest details of the urinary tract and treat the complex cases with ease.

  • Laser in bladder outlet obstruction: Bladder outlet obstruction is a blockage at the base of the bladder, which slows down or stops the flow of urine to the urethra, causing discomfort to the patient. Most men in their old age suffer from this problem and laser technology helps in conducting the surgical procedure to remove this blockage. It has been found that laser-assisted surgery results in lesser loss of blood as compared to open surgery. In some cases, blood transfusion after surgery is not required at all. Also, the hospital stay post operation is shorter, which ensures more comfort to the patient.
  • Laser in urolithiasis: The formation of kidney stones in the urinary tract is known as urolithiasis. Treatment of this conditions requires surgical intervention and it is nowadays done with the help of endoscopic intracorporeal laser lithotripsy. This technique uses strong beams of laser light to locate the stones, fragment them, and remove them from the urinary tract. The laser technology is safe and can be used in the case of pregnant women too. It can easily access the hard stones present in difficult locations.
  • Laser in benign prostatic hyperplasia: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) refers to the enlargement of the prostate. Some of the symptoms of this condition include a frequent urge to urinate, problems in urination, inability to urinate, and loss of bladder control. It can also lead to UTI (urinary tract infection) and stones. It can be treated with photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) in which the excess prostate tissues are melted away and the prostate shrinks back to its original state. Holmium laser ablation of the prostate (HoLAP) also does the same but holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) cuts the excess tissue blocking the urethra.
  • Laser in bladder cancer and urinary tract strictures: Bladder cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cells in the urinary tract and this is mostly found in the form of tumors. The tumors can be cancerous and transurethral bladder tumor resection (TURBT) laser technology can help in diagnosis, staging, as well as the treatment of malignant tumors. It makes use of cystoscope to remove the tumor. In case of urinary tract strictures, the urethra becomes narrow, hindering the passage of urine. It can be caused due to an infection or injury. With endoscopic urethrotomy and usage of the cystoscope, the urologist removes the stricture or makes it evaporate with the help of a laser.

Laser technology is of immense value to urologists and offers many advantages to the patients as well. It is more comfortable and with more advances being made in this field, the future looks even brighter for the doctors as well as patients. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1805 people found this helpful

Spotting In Between Menses - Know Why It Happens!

MBBS, MS -Gynaecologist
IVF Specialist, Varanasi
Spotting In Between Menses - Know Why It Happens!

On an average, a woman’s menstrual cycle lasts for 21-35 days. However, sometimes, you may notice a little bleeding even though you weren’t expecting your period. Firstly, you should know that is commonly experienced by a number of women. Secondly, spotting or bleeding between your period and is usually not a serious condition, but if it recurs often, then you should consult a doctor. There are many factors that may cause bleeding between periods.

Some of them are:

  1. Ovulation: While many women are unaware of when they ovulate, for others ovulation is marked by light spotting. This is not something to worry about and should last only a day or two after ovulation.
  2. Implantation bleeding: If you are trying to get pregnant and experience bleeding between periods, it may be a sign of conception. When the egg is fertilized by the sperm, the women’s body begins preparing for pregnancy and the walls of the uterus begin to change. This can cause bleeding known as implantation bleeding.
  3. Contraction side effects: Birth control pills can affect your hormones. If the oestrogen and progesterone levels fluctuate too much, they can cause disturbance sin your menstrual cycle leading to spotting between periods. This usually occurs when you start or stop taking birth control medication such as pills, hormonal IUDs, patches, shots and patches. Consult your gynaecologist to find the best birth control method suited to you.
  4. Fibroids: Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths on the walls of the uterus. Fibroids can affect women of all ages and are quite common among women who have already given birth. Bleeding between periods and heavy spotting are the most common symptoms of fibroids. Small fibroids usually resolve themselves without medication but in cases of large fibroids, surgery may be needed to remove them.
  5. Infections: Vaginal bleeding in between periods may also be caused by vaginal infections. Infections of the reproductive organs can cause inflammation of the uterine lining leading to spotting and bleeding. Some of the common causes of vaginal infections are:
    • Douching the vagina
    • Unprotected intercourse
    • Sexually transmitted diseases
    • Pelvic inflammatory diseases

Pregnancy complications
Skipping a period is when most women know that they are pregnant. However, light spotting is quite common in the first trimester of pregnancy. This is usually harmless but it is always better to consult your gynaecologist to ensure that this bleeding is not a symptom of something more serious like an ectopic pregnancy. An ectopic pregnancy refers to cases where the fertilized egg is implanted in the fallopian tubes instead of in the uterus. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4 people found this helpful

Fungal Infection In Nails - 11 Ways It Can Be Managed!

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Surat
Fungal Infection In Nails - 11 Ways It Can Be Managed!

Fungal infection in the nails, otherwise called onychomycosis, is a frequently seen issue. Side effects include irritation, swelling, yellowing, thickening or itching of the nail. It is normally not painful, unless the infection spreads further.



The fungal infection has a tendency to occur under specific conditions, like unusual pH levels of the skin, a weak immune system, nonstop introduction to a damp surrounding including sweat-soaked shoes and socks, poor cleanliness and diabetes.

In case if left untreated, fungal infection in the nails can bring about breakage and even total loss of the nails. The good news is that the bacteria present inside the nails is reparable and can be dealt with reasonably. Various common home cures can cure the infection in a couple of weeks. These are as follows:

  1. Apple Cider Vinegar: Apple cider vinegar is somewhat acidic and can keep fungus from spreading. In the meantime, it eliminates the bacteria and parasites.
  2. Tea Tree Oil: Tea tree oil has germ-free and antifungal properties that help to a considerable measure in the treatment of fungal growth. This oil is likewise used to treat different sorts of skin infections.
  3. Baking Soda: Baking soda is readily accessible in many kitchens and can be utilized to cure the fungal growth. It will also kill the foul smell.
  4. White Vinegar: White vinegar is one of the best remedies for treating toenail fungus since it battles the infection and reestablishes the skin's pH levels.
  5. Oregano oil: Oregano oil has germ-free, antibacterial, antiparasitic, antiviral, pain relieving and antifungal properties. This makes oregano oil a powerful treatment for fungal infections.
  6. Listerine Mouthwash: Listerine mouthwash, which eliminates microbes and germs in the mouth, can likewise be utilized to treat the fungus. The mouthwash has a few mixes and liquor that act as a solid germicide to keep away destructive bacteria and organisms.
  7. Garlic: Garlic contains compounds like allicin and ajoene, which have antifungal properties that can treat toenail fungus.
  8. Lemon Juice: Lemon juice has both sterile and antifungal properties. The citrus extract in lemon squeeze likewise will prevent the fungal growth from spreading.
  9. Lavender Oil: Lavender oil has a few unpredictable mixes and germ-free properties that can battle any sort of contamination and forestall skin swelling.cff440c9fc5b002eff290fd90f66269f
  10. Orange Oil: Orange oil additionally has antifungal properties, and along can be utilized to treat contaminated toenails. Orange oil can bring about hypersensitive responses and can have reactions, so it is important to test some orange oil on a little spot of skin before using it as a cure.
  11. Coconut Oil: Unsaturated fats, like for example, the ones discovered in coconut oil, normally embed themselves in the lipid (fat) layer of the infected area and bother it.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4297 people found this helpful

Allergic Asthma - Dealing With Person Suffering From It!

Diploma In Allergy & Clinical Immunology, MBBS, MD - Paediatrics, M.Med - Family Medicine
Allergist/Immunologist, Kochi
Allergic Asthma - Dealing With Person Suffering From It!

 Allergic asthma affects a vast majority of adults, being one of the most common respiratory disorders. There are various triggers, and with environmental pollution on the rise, the incidence of asthma has grown too. If there is a person in the family with asthma, it is not just the person who has it, but the entire family who needs to be sort of prepared to handle it. In most cases, there could be attacks or exacerbations and it is extremely important for the person who is in the vicinity to know how to act. This timely and prompt action could sometimes prove to be a life-saver.

  1. Handy inhaler: If your loved one has asthma, it is advisable to keep an inhaler handy. Practice how to use the albuterol nebulizer, which often is a lifesaver when a person has an acute asthma attack.
  2. What to do: In most cases, the doctor writes out an action plan that details what should be done if there is an attack. The person who could be potential caretaker should familiarize with this and probably do a mock trial so they are ready when required.
  3. Monitor: Whether it is a young or an elderly person, teach them to monitor peak flow levels. The peak flow meter is easy to use and the readings can help identify if there is any need to be watchful.
  4. Clean up the house: For allergic asthma, the accumulated dust in the furniture and animal dander are great triggers. It helps to keep the house clean by periodic cleaning of the carpets, mopping up the tiles and flooring. This helps to remove accumulated dust and prevents attacks. Avoid accumulating soft toys which tend to collect dust. Bookshelves need to be cleaned periodically.
  5. Smoking: Avoid smoking at home or as much as possible when the asthmatic person is around.
  6. Pets: If possible, avoid them as they produce dander which can trigger an attack.
  7. Empathy: An asthma patient requires a lot of empathy. One should understand that the asthmatics are also affected by their attacks, which in turn controls their overall schedule. Try to slow down and keep pace with them. Do not push for exercise or changes beyond a certain point, as the person knows how much they can stretch. Help them manage weight and stress, as these lead to acute attacks.

Healthify your lifestyle: Eat healthy, avoid foods which can induce an attack, get a good night’s sleep, avoid triggers, maintain weight, avoid smoking, and manage stress. Emotionally, match up their pace and show empathy. All these will definitely produce better control over asthma.

Despite this, it is possible to have an attack, so be cautious. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4313 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am having fungal infection. I am prescribed to take Itranol 200 twice a day after food, ZoneKast LC before food twice a day, Eberderm cream and Ketamide soap. Is it better for me?

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Specific medicine required. Fungal infection or Ring worm. When occurs in groin, called as jock itch. Usually fungal infection is common in moist areas of body like skin folds. It's mostly circular or round in appearance. May be red or black in colour. Treatment depending on the type and severity. Avoid sharing clothes, towels and soap; sweating also increases it. As it has to be differentiated from eczema and infection, its a must to see and confirm the diagnosis for proper treatment. So, please send photos of the affected area by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
1 person found this helpful

I am having fungal infection. I am prescribed to take Itranol 200 twice a day after food, ZoneKast LC before food twice a day and Eberderm cream. Is it better for me?

DVD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Mumbai
It should work. Yes. But make sure you don't miss itraconazole doses and see your doctor regularly until you are totally disease free.
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from ringworm by 1 year. It is on my thigh and on the chest. I tried many medicine. Once I get healthy it happen again and again. I want to know how can I be healthy? Which medicine is good?

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Fungal infection or Ring worm. When occurs in groin, called as jock itch. Usually fungal infection is common in moist areas of body like skin folds. It's mostly circular or round in appearance. May be red or black in colour. Treatment depending on the type and severity. Avoid sharing clothes, towels and soap; sweating also increases it. As it has to be differentiated from eczema and infection, its a must to see and confirm the diagnosis for proper treatment. So, please send photos of the affected area by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
1 person found this helpful

I have had this skin fungal infection since a long. I applied propysalic nf ointment. It goes when I apply it but comes back when I stop. Also the symptoms come up when I use soap. Should I use clotrimazole?

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
No. Stop it. Contains contact, steroid. Fungal infection or Ring worm. When occurs in groin, called as jock itch. Usually fungal infection is common in moist areas of body like skin folds. It's mostly circular or round in appearance. May be red or black in colour. Treatment depending on the type and severity. Avoid sharing clothes, towels and soap; sweating also increases it. As it has to be differentiated from eczema and infection, its a must to see and confirm the diagnosis for proper treatment. So, please send photos of the affected area by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

I am having rough skin on top of my fingers and having very tiny boil type pimple but none of them is having any kind of puss or pain.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
You are suffering from allergic dermatitis causing pompholyx. Medicine available for good improvement. As the treatment varies depending on the severity. Send photos of the affected area, by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Skin Problems
Skin problems may be caused due to various reasons - one of them being hygiene issues. Its important to maintain a hygienic environment around and follow some simple basic rules to avoid any such common skin problems easily.
Play video
Fungal Infection
Fungal infections are very common during the rainy season. Humid conditions during this season make it perfect for growth and multiplication of various fungi. It causes inflammation and itching. There are some simple home remedies as well , using which one can treat such infections.
Play video
How To Prevent Fungal Infection?
Hello! I m Dr. Siddheshwar, I m a dermatologist.

Today in this video I will tell you about how to prevent the fungal infection? Fungal infections are very common nowadays, especially in the summers. This is a very contagious infection. Usually, in this infection, we get around the ring like itchy rash on the body. It is very common in the areas where sweating happens more. So groin is the first and for most common area and from that particular area the infection spread to other body parts. Fungal infections are very contagious. This spread from people to people.

The groin is the most common area, through the scratching or through the frequent touching of that particular part it can spread to our other body parts. And through the sharing of towels, sharing of bed sheets clothes it spreads to the other family members. So family members are usually at risk. If a person acquires this kind of fungal infection he needs to follow some tips to prevent it or to cure it so that it won t spread to the contacts. So he has to take bath 2-3 times in a day.

His clothes should be washed separately in hot water. It should be dried in the sunlight and it should be ironed inside out before wearing. This helps to prevent the infection to the family members. The second common area is the feet. To prevent the feet fungal infection one should wear the cotton socks and leather shoes. And socks should be changed regularly. Don t follow the advice from friends or chemists. Usually, it leads to inadequate treatment and due to this complication can happen.

To treat the fungal infection both oral and local application methods are available. Usually, fungal infection takes a longer duration of treatment to cure permanently. If you feel better don t stop the medicines in between that lead to inadequate treatment and elapses are more common. To know more about the fungal infection or to book an appointment with me you can contact me through lybrate.com.

Thank you!
Play video
Skin Problems
Hi!

I m Dr. Vinay Singh. Welcome to Vibrant Skin Laser and Cosmetic Clinic. Dear friends, I believe that everyone is gorgeous, be it a male or female.

Everyone is very pretty and we in our clinic makes you more beautiful. We actually relish in improving your looks, improving your disease. If you are facing any disease, if it s any skin disorder then we try to cure it completely. And I believe in past two decades what I have done. My moto is whenever my client comes in our chamber he/she must come happily in following appointments with a smiling face. The client should say thank you doctor now I m completely fine or I have seen improvement. So, friends we have introduces many such treatments in our clinic which makes your outer look better, you will become more presentable and if you are facing any such disease then we cure it. We try to make you comfortable. We don t make you a fearsome person who feels so scared about his/her disease and its transmission. There are many people having many complications we always give them solutions. You can contact us online we do online consultation or if you want to visit our clinic we try to satisfy you completely. The moto of our clinic is that BE GORGEOUS, WELCOME TOMORROW. So if you or your friend or any of your family member has some skin problem, or they want to make them more beautiful or if there is any small problem like hair or nail related or sexual issues, then please contact me at my clinic Vibrant Skin Laser and Cosmetic Clinic which is situated in India, Delhi Pitampura. And I m also available online with various media like lybrate.com is there.

You can contact me through that also thank you so much.
Play video
Hair And Skin Problems
Treatment for Hair and Skin problems!
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice