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Overview

Infection: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

The root cause for most of the illness is anyhow related to infection. The definitive aspect of infection speaks the entry of an unwanted organism within the body that ends up causing harm in the human body. These organisms are basically parasites who need a different body for survival. The human body turns to be their habitat to reproduce, sustain and even colonize. These harmful organisms are called pathogens. These are extremely efficient and swift in adopting and multiplying in number. Fungus, virus, bacteria, prions combine to form countless types of infection. Where some of the infections are mild and do not cause any such threat to life, some of the infection turns out to be severe and often life-threatening accompanied by immediacy in treatment.

There are mainly four types of infections that generally affect human most commonly. Virus infection caused by a virus is one the most common infection and more than 50,000 virus infections has been discovered. The virus invades into a body and quickly gets fixed in a cell. No, soon they enter the cell, the release of genetic material enables them to multiply into thousands. Virus-like HPV and EBV replicates cell forcefully to an uncontrolled number that results in the birth of cancer. On the other hand, some of the common virus infections are common cold, encephalitis, meningitis, gastroenteritis, influenza, HIV, dengue fever and more.

Bacterial microorganism known as prokaryotes tends to occupy its space and secures its presence in the entire biomass of the earth. Bacteria being highly resistant to extreme heat, cold and radioactive waste remains the cause of diseases like cholera, pneumonia, diphtheria, skin infection, typhoid, tuberculosis and lot more.

The variation of fungus in more than 51 million species results in the growth of numerous infection in a human body like skin and eye infection, ringworm, valley fever, and athlete’s feet.

Prion infection does not usually lead to much harm but if increases in abnormal shape ultimately result in damaging sensitive part of the brain and at the same time effects the nervous system severely.

How is the treatment done?

Some of the symptoms that usually penetrates on birth of infection are pain, swelling or warmth around the affected area, constant fever, fluid drainage and often red streaks coming out from the affected area. On experiencing any unusual symptoms in your body, you must get a check-up done by your family doctor. Neglecting the symptoms may turn harmful in the long run. It is extremely necessary to figure out the cause of the infection as some of them can lead to fatal disease, if avoided.

The doctor would primarily ask for a detailed knowledge regarding the symptoms you are facing. In case of skin problems, he would keenly look at the affected area and may also use a microscope in the process to diagnosis the accurate cause. The doctor may also ask you to undergo few tests that would evaluate the cause and thus help the doctor in executing proper treatment for the same. With accordance to the result of the test, the doctor would prescribe antibiotics to fight against the infection.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The people suffering from any unusual symptoms are advised to reach for a consultation as most of the disease has its roots in germs and infection caused by pathogens.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People who are fit and healthy and not suffering from any unusual symptoms are not eligible for the treatment or rather do not need treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Infections are of varied types. At the same time, medicines prescribed by doctors comes with various side effects. Some of the common side effects of antibiotics are vomiting tendency, nausea, fever, dry throat, white colour patches on the tongue, sudden vaginal itching and discharge and even diarrhoea and abdominal pain.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Only following the treatment prescribed by the doctor will not keep you safe near future. Infections are highly communicable and occupy high chance of occurring again. You must maintain some fixed habits that would help to avoid any further occurrence of infection. These include common habits mostly learnt from parents and teachers in the childhood. Some of them include washing hands, taking vaccinations and avoid vulnerability to infections, sanitation and cleanliness. Added to that, you should never share or use other things of others, that remain a pivotal source of spreading infection. Further, you should be under complete rest during the treatment and let your body fight against the germ in your body.

How long does it take to recover?

Mild infection generally takes 1 or 2 weeks to recover. At the same time, infections in sensitive organs like lungs and kidney, the treatment process extends and lingers for a long time until they show up to some better results.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of the treatment entirely depends on the severity of the condition and the cause. In case of mild infection, only consultation fees and medical expenses are concerned whereas on the other hand, for conditions that are severe and have chances of being hospitalised, the treatment is expensive.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Most of the human disease has an underlying cause related to infection. However, most of them can be treated and recovered provided if it gets diagnosed at the right time and exposed to the accurate treatment.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Natural remedies are no doubt the best way to treat illness. They provide treatment without any side effects. Some of the natural ingredients that provides best treatment over any medicine are ginger, honey, oil oregano, colloidal silver, Echinacea. Each and every item is extremely helpful in treating disease caused by infections. These natural items are best to treat infection at an early stage while fatal cases require medication to get a control over it immediately.

Safety: Condition Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 500- Rs 5,000

Popular Health Tips

Common Causes Of UTI You Must Know!

MCH-Urology
Urologist, Delhi
Common Causes Of UTI You Must Know!

Women have a higher risk of suffering from a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) as compared to men. This is because women have a much shorter urethra. This makes it easier for bacteria to enter the bladder. These infections typically affect the urethra and the bladder. It can be the cause of great discomfort and pain, but the good news is that UTI can be easily treated. But what is more important is the UTIs can also be prevented. To do this, one must first understand the factors that can cause UTIs which include:

  1. Sexual Intercourse: During the course of having sex, bacteria may be transferred from the vaginal cavity or bowels to the urethra. This can lead to cystitis. To reduce the risk of catching a UTI during the intercourse, women are advised to urinate within half an hour of having sex. It is also advisable for both partners to wash the genital area after having intercourse.
  2. Constipation: A person suffering from constipation will be unable to completely empty their bladder. This encourages the growth of bacteria and can cause an infection. The easiest way to prevent constipation is to eat plenty of fibrous foods and drink plenty of water. After passing stool, always wash the area from front to back and not the other way around.
  3. Urinary Tract Abnormalities: Some babies may be born with an abnormal urinary tract. If this prevents urine from leaving the body, it could be the cause of recurring urinary tract infections. In this case, surgery may be needed to correct the abnormality.
  4. Diabetes: It is a myth that eating too much sugar causes UTIs. However, in the case of diabetic patients, high sugar levels could promote the growth of bacteria in the urethra. This is because excessive sugar is removed from the body through urine.
  5. Bad Hygiene: Not keeping the genital area clean can also contribute towards urinary tract infections. Hence, always wash yourself well after urinating and passing stool. If possible, have a shower instead of a bath. Avoid using feminine washes and douches as they can increase the irritation. Keep the genital area dry and favour cotton underwear. This allows the skin to breathe and does not allow bacteria to grow.
  6. Dehydration: Not drinking enough water affects the body in a number of ways. It can also cause UTIs. This is because water helps flush toxins from the body. Without enough water, bacteria and toxins remain in the body and multiply. Ideally, one must drink at least 8-10 glasses of water a day to stay hydrated. Aerated drinks may satiate thirst but cannot be included in the daily water intake. Rather than hydrating the body, these drinks aggravate dehydration. Instead, one may infuse water with herbs and fruits to improve its flavour.
2 people found this helpful

Nail Psoriasis - How To Know If You Are Suffering From It?

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Surat
Nail Psoriasis - How To Know If You Are Suffering From It?

Psoriasis, in general, is a persistent autoimmune condition that causes the speedy development of skin cell. This increase in the number of cells causes unhealthy scales on the surface of the skin.


Symptoms of nail psoriasis
Symptoms to watch out for are the nails cracking right from the nail bed. This, in medicinal term, is known as onycholysis and it creates space that can get contaminated by germs. Soreness or a sponge like feeling beneath the nails, pitting, warping and hardening of the nails, discoloration, painful chalk like build up beneath the cuticles which causes the nail to move upwards, are common symptoms as well. This is known as subungual hyperkeratosis. As a rule, almost everybody who is affected by general psoriasis, suffer from nail psoriasis.

Sometimes nail psoriasis may be accompanied by fungal infections. A parting amid the nail and nail bed is the perfect environment for the fungi to grow. If the symptoms you are experiencing are extremely moderate, treatment may not be required. If the discoloration, nail hardening or chipping of the nails is severe, it is probably a good time to make an appointment with a dermatologist.


Causes
A diet deficient in Calcium, Vitamin C or B12 can lead to this condition. Unhygienic habits can aggravate the condition. Psoriasis, in most cases, is acquired genetically. A weak immune system can also be a marker. Certain steps can be taken to keep the nails healthy. Keeping the nails clipped short and clean helps. Wearing gloves while working in the kitchen, during gardening or washing is another preventive measure you can always take.

Treatment
It may be hard to treat nail psoriasis; while topical medicines are prescribed, they usually don’t work that well. Oral D3 supplements can be taken. D3 ointments, light or photo therapy and finally corticosteroid injections directly aimed to the nail bed may ease the situation. In very severe cases, nails may need to be removed with the help of surgery, so as to help new nails to grow back. Patience is the key word.

4796 people found this helpful

3 Best Aesthetic Treatments For A Younger Looking Skin!

MBBS, DDV, IMCAS
Dermatologist, Nagpur
3 Best Aesthetic Treatments For A Younger Looking Skin!

New-age aesthetic treatments address skin problems through various procedures. These treatments aim to fix the things over which you have little control- sagging skin, wrinkles, skin tan, ageing marks and scars, etc.
Anybody can opt for an aesthetic treatment. The kind of treatment you opt for will depend on the problem you wish to address. Here are the five best treatment options available for anyone who craves for a younger looking skin.

Instant Rejuvenation-

  1. This is a non-invasive treatment, which instantly makes your skin look younger.
  2. It involves the use of a device, which emits laser beams to stimulate skin cells that are often damaged due to ageing.
  3. It is a preferred choice for those who have developed wrinkles and fine lines on the face.

Micro-needle Radiofrequency-

  1. This penetrates your skin using tiny microscopic needles to a certain depth. It directs heat and radio wave energy to a particular area within the dermis of your skin.
  2. The energy from the radio frequency stimulates natural regeneration of collagen in the skin. It gives your skin a smoother appearance and helps fill in the imperfections caused by acne scars.
  3. This also works well for large pores, sagging skin, fine lines, dark pigmentation and wrinkles. Your dermatologist will clean and anesthetize the area that has to be treated before penetrating it with needles.

Laser Skin Lightening-

  1. The amount of melanin determines the color of your skin. Excess amount of melanin signifies darker complexion.
  2. The laser treatment is specially directed towards people who have a dark complexion, and wish to improve their skin tone.
  3. During this procedure, concentrated beams of high-energy laser light are emitted to targeted areas in order to destroy the darker, damaged skin cells.
  4. This method stimulates growth of fresh, new skin cells that leave you with a lighter skin tone.

These aesthetic treatment methods not only enhance your beauty, but also leave you with permanent results, so you do not have to worry about stepping out in the sun, or spending hours at the spa. Consult a dermatologist, discuss what skin issues you wish to get treated for, and flaunt a younger, healthier skin.

How Laser Is Beneficial In Treating Urological Conditions?

MBBS, DNB ( General Surgery ), DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Pune
How Laser Is Beneficial In Treating Urological Conditions?

Urology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diseases and disorders of the male and female urinary system and the male reproductive organs. It is a specialized branch of medicine that has been in existence for a long time and has advanced in many ways over the past two decades, courtesy the introduction of the laser technology. Laser technology has helped urologists tremendously and they have been able to treat a number of patients through laser-assisted surgery. The use of lasers has made it possible for the urologists to utilize endoscopic instruments with small-diameter that allow them to see the minutest details of the urinary tract and treat the complex cases with ease.

  • Laser in bladder outlet obstruction: Bladder outlet obstruction is a blockage at the base of the bladder, which slows down or stops the flow of urine to the urethra, causing discomfort to the patient. Most men in their old age suffer from this problem and laser technology helps in conducting the surgical procedure to remove this blockage. It has been found that laser-assisted surgery results in lesser loss of blood as compared to open surgery. In some cases, blood transfusion after surgery is not required at all. Also, the hospital stay post operation is shorter, which ensures more comfort to the patient.
  • Laser in urolithiasis: The formation of kidney stones in the urinary tract is known as urolithiasis. Treatment of this conditions requires surgical intervention and it is nowadays done with the help of endoscopic intracorporeal laser lithotripsy. This technique uses strong beams of laser light to locate the stones, fragment them, and remove them from the urinary tract. The laser technology is safe and can be used in the case of pregnant women too. It can easily access the hard stones present in difficult locations.
  • Laser in benign prostatic hyperplasia: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) refers to the enlargement of the prostate. Some of the symptoms of this condition include a frequent urge to urinate, problems in urination, inability to urinate, and loss of bladder control. It can also lead to UTI (urinary tract infection) and stones. It can be treated with photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) in which the excess prostate tissues are melted away and the prostate shrinks back to its original state. Holmium laser ablation of the prostate (HoLAP) also does the same but holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) cuts the excess tissue blocking the urethra.
  • Laser in bladder cancer and urinary tract strictures: Bladder cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cells in the urinary tract and this is mostly found in the form of tumors. The tumors can be cancerous and transurethral bladder tumor resection (TURBT) laser technology can help in diagnosis, staging, as well as the treatment of malignant tumors. It makes use of cystoscope to remove the tumor. In case of urinary tract strictures, the urethra becomes narrow, hindering the passage of urine. It can be caused due to an infection or injury. With endoscopic urethrotomy and usage of the cystoscope, the urologist removes the stricture or makes it evaporate with the help of a laser.

Laser technology is of immense value to urologists and offers many advantages to the patients as well. It is more comfortable and with more advances being made in this field, the future looks even brighter for the doctors as well as patients. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1805 people found this helpful

UTI In Children - Understanding The Ways It Can Be Treated!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Paediatric Surgery
Pediatric Surgeon, Kolkata
UTI In Children - Understanding The Ways It Can Be Treated!

UTI stands for urinary tract infections. In children a urinary tract infection (UTI) is a very common condition caused by bacteria. Bacteria that enter the urethra are flushed out through urination. But, when bacteria aren’t excluded out of the urethra, they may grow in the urinary tract and cause infections. The Survey state that up to 8% of girls and 2% of boys will get a UTI at an early age. Sometimes the symptoms of UTI are hard to detect in kids so it is better to get your child treated, as it turn into serious kidney diseases. With a right treatment your child will feel better within few days. 

Symptoms of a UTI include: 

  1. Burning and pain during micturation. 
  2. Urgent need to go, but having a few drops of urine. 
  3. Fever and vomiting commonly occur during UTI. 
  4. Foul smell and cloudy urine. 

Causes 

  1. Bladder outlet obstruction like posterior urethral valve in males 
  2. Vesico ureteric reflux (VUR) 
  3. Uretero pelvic junction obstruction (UPJ Obstruction) 
  4. Constipation: Being constipated makes difficult to empty your bladder, which means trapped bacteria which increases risk of UTI. So in order to reduce the UTI risk, avoid constipation 
  5. Dehydration: Drinking water not only quenches your thirst, but it also avoids the risk of getting UTI. We should drink enough water so that we can flush out bacteria that can cause UTI. Drinking water also avoids the constipation problem. 
  6. Holding urine: Holding urine for 6 hours make UTI more common as bacteria in the bladder has lots of time to grow and cause infection. So ask your child to pass urine after few hours. 

Prevention 

  1. Avoid tight fitting clothes, especially for girl children. 
  2. Drink more and more liquids and eat fibre rich food. 
  3. Change the diaper of young child frequently. 
  4. Ask your child to go for urine immediately rather than holding. 
  5. Don’t give bubble bath to the child as it is a major source of bacteria. 

Investigations: 

  1. USG (KUB
  2. Urine routine examination and culture sensitivity 
  3. MCU (Micturating Cysto Urethrogram) 
  4. Urodynamic study 
  5. DTPA Scan 
  6. DMSA Scan 

Treatments 
The most common antibiotics used for treatment are:Amoxicillin and clavulanic acid, Sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, Ofloxacin, Cefixime etc Sometimes hospitalization is necessary in younger than 6 months old, if: 

  • The Child has a high fever and not improving. 
  • The child is vomiting and having dehydration.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1936 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir I have a fungal infection of one year on my body and I'm try to clean it of more skin cream like clobeta GM, clostaf GM, miconazole Nitrate bt when I used in this cream it's infection clear but after some days she became in my body So sir now wht I do please give me suggestion.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Don't worry. 100% cure possible. Fungal infection or Ring worm. When occurs in groin, called as jock itch. Usually fungal infection is common in moist areas of body like skin folds. It's mostly circular or round in appearance. May be red or black in colour. Treatment depending on the type and severity. Avoid sharing clothes, towels and soap; sweating also increases it. As it has to be differentiated from eczema and infection, its a must to see and confirm the diagnosis for proper treatment. So, please send photos of the affected area by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
14 people found this helpful

Hello, I had fungal infection 5 years before and still there are black spots on my skin. What should I do for that ?pls help me to get rid.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology, Fage
Dermatologist, Delhi
Please wash the area with diluted vinegar. Blackness stays a long time. So be consistent. You can also apply lemon juice. Please visit any dermatologist clinic for better consultation and treatment.

I have problem in my urine ,and always etching in my penis, I also conduct ultrasound from recognise scan center, they told me there is minor infection and taking medicine from last fifteen days and I have some relief but not satisfied, please suggest me why this kind of problem happened and suggest me better medicine.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology, Fage
Dermatologist, Delhi
Itching on penis and infection in urine are connected with each other. There are various reasons for this 1. Unhygienic practice s.2. Urinating in unhygienic places would have given you the infection. 3. Unprotected sexual activity 4.stones in kidney ,bladder or urinary tract 5.less consumption of water leads to less urine and therefor infection. 6.some medicines cause crystal formation in urine predispose to infection 7. Enlarged prostrate 8. Some people have genetic problems of bladder neck or ureteric valve or urethral stricture s in any such case please visit clinic for better treatment. Try and maintain good personal hygiene avoid using soaps on penis.

I am 21 year old, I have itching problem in my thigh. I have used derma 5 cream and coverage gm cream but the problem continues, suggest me a good cream and tablet for my fungal infection.

BHMS
Homeopath, Noida
OINTMENTS will give you only temperory relief, for sometime only. U should take medicine to remove it internally ointment give only superficial relief. For permanent cure you need constitutional medicines, for that I need detailed case history.

Having fungal infection and using Zole f to treat is it good. It get normal when cream is used after few days it again becomes as it is. Suggest me proper treatment.

BHMS
Homeopath, Sindhudurg
Fungal infections on skin are the most common of all and are effectively treated with homeopathy. I advise you to stop allopathic treatment as it gives temporary results only with lots of side effects, it will recur once you stop medicines and homeopathic treatment cures it from roots without side effects. no chance of recurrence. you can consult me online for homoeopathic treatment without side effects.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection from microbes. It can happen anywhere in your urinary tract.Symptoms of a UTI depend on what part of the urinary tract is infected. Treatment of UTIs depends on the cause. Your doctor will be able to determine which organism is causing the infection from the test results used to confirm the diagnosis.
Play video
Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection from microbes. It can happen anywhere in your urinary tract. Symptoms of a UTI depend on what part of the urinary tract is infected.
Play video
Fungal Infection
Fungal infections of the skin are very common and include athlete's foot, jock itch, ringworm, and yeast infections. These are experienced by as many as 3 out of 4 women during their lifetime. Most women experience at least two infections.
Play video
What You Need To Know About Urinary Infection And Prostate Cancer?
In prostate cancer, normal cells undergo a transformation in which they not only grow and multiply without normal controls, but they also change in their microscopic appearance and can invade adjacent tissues.
Play video
Fungal Infection
Hello friends!

I am Dr. Umesh Bilewar, consultant dermatologist and hair transplant surgeon from Ozone Care Clinic, Seawoods. As rainy season is here, I am here to talk about most common problem of rainy season that is fungal infection. This is known by different names. So why it is happening? Why it is there? Actually most important factor in case of fungal infection is moisture. You must have seen fungus growing on damp walls. You might have seen fungus growing on breads which are staying outside for few days because those catch moisture actually. In human body there are certain areas which are moisture prone like groin area because of sweating and another another skinfold which are prone for moisture.

These moisture prone areas tends to grow few fungal elements and in rainy season it is more because our clothes tends to get more wet often. We tend to wear damp clothes actually. So because of these factors and because of overall damp environment we have more amount of fungal infections in this season. What to do about it? The most important factor is to take care of the moisture part. You have to make sure that things are dry at all these places. We have to make sure that you are wearing dry clothes only. Second thing is treat fungal infection to the earliest.

Don't wait for it to progress further. Third important thing is don't self medicate yourself. Don't buy medicine on your own from pharmacy because most of those contains steroids and if you apply those you will get a temporary relief but what's going to happen is after sometime as soon as you stop the medication the fungus is going to grow further and it will increase in the size and it will increase in severity and if you continue these medicine for longer duration of time it is going to have side effects like stretch marks. Fungus can become less responsive to medication and all.

So it is very important that you should not self medicate. 4th important thing is consult a proper dermatologist having a proper recognised degree. Another important thing is you should take proper course prescribed by your Dermatologist. don't leave the course in between that will also need to recurrence of the fungal infection. That may also lead to the resistance of the fungus. Take care this rainy season. This is Dr. Umesh signing off. For further information you can contact us on our website.

Thank you!
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice