The root cause for most of the illness is anyhow related to infection. The definitive aspect of infection speaks the entry of an unwanted organism within the body that ends up causing harm in the human body. These organisms are basically parasites who need a different body for survival. The human body turns to be their habitat to reproduce, sustain and even colonize. These harmful organisms are called pathogens. These are extremely efficient and swift in adopting and multiplying in number. Fungus, virus, bacteria, prions combine to form countless types of infection. Where some of the infections are mild and do not cause any such threat to life, some of the infection turns out to be severe and often life-threatening accompanied by immediacy in treatment.
There are mainly four types of infections that generally affect human most commonly. Virus infection caused by a virus is one the most common infection and more than 50,000 virus infections has been discovered. The virus invades into a body and quickly gets fixed in a cell. No, soon they enter the cell, the release of genetic material enables them to multiply into thousands. Virus-like HPV and EBV replicates cell forcefully to an uncontrolled number that results in the birth of cancer. On the other hand, some of the common virus infections are common cold, encephalitis, meningitis, gastroenteritis, influenza, HIV, dengue fever and more.
Bacterial microorganism known as prokaryotes tends to occupy its space and secures its presence in the entire biomass of the earth. Bacteria being highly resistant to extreme heat, cold and radioactive waste remains the cause of diseases like cholera, pneumonia, diphtheria, skin infection, typhoid, tuberculosis and lot more.
The variation of fungus in more than 51 million species results in the growth of numerous infection in a human body like skin and eye infection, ringworm, valley fever, and athlete’s feet.
Prion infection does not usually lead to much harm but if increases in abnormal shape ultimately result in damaging sensitive part of the brain and at the same time effects the nervous system severely.
Some of the symptoms that usually penetrates on birth of infection are pain, swelling or warmth around the affected area, constant fever, fluid drainage and often red streaks coming out from the affected area. On experiencing any unusual symptoms in your body, you must get a check-up done by your family doctor. Neglecting the symptoms may turn harmful in the long run. It is extremely necessary to figure out the cause of the infection as some of them can lead to fatal disease, if avoided.
The doctor would primarily ask for a detailed knowledge regarding the symptoms you are facing. In case of skin problems, he would keenly look at the affected area and may also use a microscope in the process to diagnosis the accurate cause. The doctor may also ask you to undergo few tests that would evaluate the cause and thus help the doctor in executing proper treatment for the same. With accordance to the result of the test, the doctor would prescribe antibiotics to fight against the infection.
The people suffering from any unusual symptoms are advised to reach for a consultation as most of the disease has its roots in germs and infection caused by pathogens.
People who are fit and healthy and not suffering from any unusual symptoms are not eligible for the treatment or rather do not need treatment.
Infections are of varied types. At the same time, medicines prescribed by doctors comes with various side effects. Some of the common side effects of antibiotics are vomiting tendency, nausea, fever, dry throat, white colour patches on the tongue, sudden vaginal itching and discharge and even diarrhoea and abdominal pain.
Only following the treatment prescribed by the doctor will not keep you safe near future. Infections are highly communicable and occupy high chance of occurring again. You must maintain some fixed habits that would help to avoid any further occurrence of infection. These include common habits mostly learnt from parents and teachers in the childhood. Some of them include washing hands, taking vaccinations and avoid vulnerability to infections, sanitation and cleanliness. Added to that, you should never share or use other things of others, that remain a pivotal source of spreading infection. Further, you should be under complete rest during the treatment and let your body fight against the germ in your body.
Mild infection generally takes 1 or 2 weeks to recover. At the same time, infections in sensitive organs like lungs and kidney, the treatment process extends and lingers for a long time until they show up to some better results.
The cost of the treatment entirely depends on the severity of the condition and the cause. In case of mild infection, only consultation fees and medical expenses are concerned whereas on the other hand, for conditions that are severe and have chances of being hospitalised, the treatment is expensive.
Most of the human disease has an underlying cause related to infection. However, most of them can be treated and recovered provided if it gets diagnosed at the right time and exposed to the accurate treatment.
Natural remedies are no doubt the best way to treat illness. They provide treatment without any side effects. Some of the natural ingredients that provides best treatment over any medicine are ginger, honey, oil oregano, colloidal silver, Echinacea. Each and every item is extremely helpful in treating disease caused by infections. These natural items are best to treat infection at an early stage while fatal cases require medication to get a control over it immediately.
Rs 500- Rs 5,000
Circumcision means a surgical procedure for the removal of the foreskin (tissue that covers the head of the penis). The surgery should ideally be performed at a young age. If it is performed on an older child or on a man, chances of infection go up.
Sometimes circumcision becomes necessary for medicinal reasons like-
• Balanitis (foreskin swelling)
• Phimosis (inability to retract the foreskin)
• Paraphimosis (a person cannot return the retracted foreskin to its original place)
• Balanoposthitis ( swelling of the tip the penis)
• Lowering the risks of penis-related ailments
How is circumcision performed?
The surgery is performed under partial anaesthesia (administered through an injection or a cream that numbs the penis). There are three methods (Gomco clamp, Plactibell device and morgen clamp). Any of them may be followed to perform circumcision. Circulation is cut off to the foreskin so that it does not bleed during surgery. Then the surgeon snips off the foreskin using sanitized instruments. The surgery takes around 15-20 minutes.
The pain and swelling usually subside in 5 days.
Recovery after circumcision-
If you are an adult who has undergone a circumcision, your doctor will suggest medicines that will ease the discomfort and pain following. You can get back to work within a couple of days. Rigorous activities like jogging or weight lifting should be avoided. You should also refrain from sexual activities for at least six weeks after the surgery.
In the case of circumcision on children, your child may continue to be fussy and irritated for a few days post-surgery. Ensure that the diaper is loose enough to allow the penis to heal. However, if the pain does not subdue or if there is trouble urinating and there is blood in the urine, contact your doctor immediately.
Benefits of circumcision-
It is a widely prevalent myth that circumcision makes a man infertile. It has no effect at all on a man’s fertility. There are several advantages of circumcision but all of them take effect when the child reaches puberty. The medicinal benefits of circumcision are-
Circumcision is a safe and minor surgery that is performed mainly in adherence to religious diktats but also for health purposes.
Your skin is the largest and most sensitive organ of your body. Funguses that live in the human body especially armpits, groin area, nails, and feet, cause fungal skin infections. Weak immunity is the leading cause, with over 300 million people fighting fungal infections globally, every year.
Some of the common types of fungal skin infections are-
• Athlete’s foot- Also known as Tenia pedis, Athlete’s foot occurs when the tenia fungus begins to grow on your feet. It is most commonly associated with athletes because it grows in warm and moist climates such as in socks, near swimming pools and in locker rooms.
Symptoms of athlete’s foot –
Treatment includes applying of topical antifungal ointments such as terbinafine while, severe cases may require oral medication.
• Ringworm – Ringworm is a highly contagious skin infection and is spread by person-to-person or pet to person contact. The fungus can also spread through infected towel, clothes, and mud.
Symptoms of Ringworm –
Treatment of the infection includes medicines like miconazole.
• Jock ‘s itch- Also known as Tinea Cruris, these fungi thrive in moist and warm areas of the body such as the groin, inner thighs and buttocks.
Symptoms of Jock’s itch –
Treatment includes prescribed medication and maintaining personal hygiene.
Prevention is better than cure when it comes to fungal infections. Visit a doctor at the first signs of infection. A medical exam is the best way to detect the cause of a skin infection.
A non-healing wound can be any wound that does not show improvement after roughly a month and is not on the way to healing in about 2 months. There are several types of non-healing wounds, and ulcers are a major type. The other types include:
• Surgery wounds that don’t seem to heal.
• Pressure related ulcers.
• Wounds that start healing but go back to square one several times.
• Wounds and ulcers caused due to disorders of body metabolism.
Following are The Symptoms to Look Out For:
• Pain in the wound, either one that starts out after some time or one that was present from the very beginning but keeps increasing in magnitude.
• A foul smell surrounding the wound.
• An oozing sensation from the wound, or a feeling of liquid oozing from it.
• The wound becomes tender, and can turns red and hot.
Non-healing wounds are dangerous because the surface is exposed to the environment for a very long time, making it open passage for numerous bacterial germs in the atmosphere. This can lead to serious infection. The infection can get so bad that a limb might even have to be amputated.
How to manage and cure these wounds?
There are Several Ways to Keep the Damage Under Control, and These are The Most Effective Methods:
The most important part of treatment is to investigate to know the cause for ulcer. Here are the investivative measures taken:
• Trans-cutaneous oximetry: this is a method that uses electrodes to achieve its objective. The electrode is attached to the skin and heats it up. The blood vessels just beneath the skin are also heated up, and they dilate. It also improves oxygen circulation in the area and provides a reading of the oxygen pressure. This apparatus also maintains a specific temperature at the site so as to not cause thermal trauma.
• Skin grafting: in this procedure, skin is removed from one part of the body and transplanted onto another. The skin is surgically removed from a part that is generally not exposed through clothes, like the thighs or buttocks. The procedure can involve removal of either the top layers or all the layers of a portion of the skin.
Non-healing wounds and ulcers are dangerous and infectious, and proper care must be taken to diagnose and heal them. If you spot one on your body, the best bet is to go for methods like skin grafting or transcutaneous oximetry, for complete cure.
The urinary tract starts from the kidneys to the urethra where urine is passed out. Given the rich concentration of minerals and toxic wastes, it is highly prone to multiple infections. UTI, as urinary tract infections are often referred to, is one of the most common infections. In women, especially, every 1 in 2 women is affected by an UTI. Whichever part of the tract is affected, the symptoms and treatment are mostly the same. Read on to know some of the most common symptoms and treatment options for these.
Most urinary tract infections are bacterial in nature, and these could find their way into the body through multiple ways.
Though most often UTI does not require specific testing, the following are useful in confirming the diagnosis.
UTIs are very common infections and though there is nothing to worry, it should be cleared completely.
Recurrent UTIs is a common problem, and the following can help prevent.
Piles or haemorrhoids refer to swollen blood vessels inside and around the rectum and anus. Depending on where they are located, they can be classified as internal and external haemorrhoids. Small haemorrhoids can be treated with medication, but surgery may be recommended for larger Hemorrhoids. This is known as a “Hemorrhoidectomy” and involves cutting out the enlarged veins. This surgery may be performed in many different ways.
Preparing for a Hemorrhoidectomy
A Hemorrhoidectomy is typically a one day procedure and does not require hospitalization. The patient will be given instructions that need to be strictly followed before the procedure. These include:
When the patient comes to the hospital for surgery, he or she should wear loose, comfortable clothes with an elastic waistband. Any medication being taken should be brought along. While the patient will be discharged the same day, he or she will not be allowed to drive back home. Hence, the patient must also make arrangements for someone to drive them home.
This surgery can take anywhere from half-an-hour to one hour. After consulting the doctor, the patient will be given a hospital gown and medication through the intravenous route to help them relax. Various devices are attached to the body to track the patient’s heart rate, pulse etc. The patient is then put under general anaesthesia for the surgery. After the surgery, the patient will be kept in the recovery room for an hour. They are then transferred to another room and given something to eat and drink.
This procedure has a high success rate and is considered relatively safe. However, as with any other procedure, there are a few risks involved. Before undergoing this surgery, the patient must be well aware of these risks. They include:
Some patients may also experience trouble passing urine. This is because the pain caused by surgery makes it difficult for the patient to relax. However, there is nothing to worry as these risks can be effectively managed by the doctor.