An eye infection can show itself up in many different ways which depends mainly on the part of the eye where the infection has taken place. There are different kinds of eye infections- pink eye or conjunctivitis, Keratitis, Stye, fungal eye infections, Uveitis. Conjunctivitis is the infection of conjunctiva. It can be caused by bacteria or virus and also from allergic reactions. Viral conjunctivitis usually resolves on its own and does not require any specific treatment. Allergic conjunctivitis can be managed by pouring cool water over face. Bacterial conjunctivitis too resolves without treatment. Antibiotics may be needed. Conjunctivitis due to chemicals is treated with the help of irrigation with Ringer’s lactate or saline solution. Keratitis is a condition in which the eye’s cornea becomes inflamed. Treatment depends on the cause of keratitis. A stye is also known as hordeolum which is a bacterial infection of an oil land in the eye lid. Most cases resolve on their own without eye care. Can also be treated with warm compresses. Uveitis is the inflammation of uvea which is typically treated with glucocorticoid steroids either as topical eye drops or as oral therapy. Antimetabolite medications are often used.
Conjunctivitis resolves in 65% cases without the need of any treatment. Viral conjunctivitis does not need any specific treatment but Antihistamines like diphenhydramine or mast cell stabilizers like cromolyn may be used to help the patients with the symptoms. For the allergic type, the mild cases can be resolved by pouring cool water over the face with the head inclined downward which constricts capillaries and artificial tears sometimes relieve discomfort of the patients. Persistent allergic conjunctivitis can be treated with topical steroid drops. For bacterial infections topical antibiotic may be needed if no improvement is seen after three days but it usually resolves without treatment. Conjunctivitis due to chemicals is treated via irrigation with Ringer’s lactate or saline solution. Chemical injuries are medical emergencies as they can give rise to severe scarring and intraocular damage. This condition has the risk of spreading to another eye. There are various causes which lead to keratitis of the eye. Infectious keratitis progress rapidly and requires urgent treatment like antibacterial, antifungal or antiviral therapy to eliminate the pathogen. Antibacterial solutions include levofloxacin, gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin, ofloxacin. Acyclovir is the main treatment for HSV keratitis and in this condition steroids should be avoided because it can worsen the condition of the patient. Primary treatment for stye is application of warm compresses. People can cleanse the affected eye lid with a mild non irritating soap or shampoo to clean the crusted discharge on the lid. Pain relievers such as acetaminophen may be used. Antibiotics are occasionally prescribed. They are generally given to people with multiple styes or styes that do not seem to heal. Surgery is the last treatment is styes do not respond to other treatment methods.
Any person noticing problems like pain or discomfort in eyes, itchy eyes, burning sensation, irritation, painful lump under eyelids, swollen, red or purple eyelids, pink colour in the white area of the eyes, crusty eye lashes and lids should go for a check up as leaving untreated in many cases can give rise to worse conditions. People with recurring eye problems and people having eye problems along with chronic conditions like diabetes should visit a doctor.
As there are some side effects people who is suffering from any other disease or are under some medications should consult doctors before application of any drugs.
There are some side effects of medications which include steroids and antibiotic ointments and drops. Side effects include redness, irritation, burning sensation, nausea, stinging, fatigue and mild itching.
There are no such after treatment guidelines. But to prevent spreading of eye disease some measures can be taken such as hand washing, avoiding sharing of towels, pillow cases, wash clothes and make up.
Different types of infections require different recovery periods. Conjunctivitis generally does not need any treatment and can get resolved within a week. But in case of severe conditions it may require time. Stye can get cured in few days or weeks. Keratitis are caused by various agents and recovery time will depend on the cause and severity of the disease.
Cost of eye treatment is not much if the cases are not severe. Conjunctivitis generally do not require any treatment. If even treatment is required, it can be done at affordable cost.
The result of the treatment of eye disease is usually permanent. There have been cases where some eye infections gave rise to irreversible blindness if left untreated. But recurrence of eye infections after correct treatment is rare or almost absent.
There are some natural methods of treatment. Like for example, boric acid which is a weak and water soluble acid serves as an antifungal, antiseptic eyewash. It is better not to use this method if any one is allergic to it. Flaxseed rich in omega-3 fatty acids stimulate immune system to fight against infections. It also reduces inflammation and pain of the eye. Tea bags can soothe the eye and reduce redness and swelling. Typically, black tea is used for this treatment but green tea or white tea can be used as well. Honey possess antibacterial properties and is helpful to kill harmful bacteria in the eye. Jasmine flower with boiled or distilled water reduce inflammation, redness and irritation of the eyes.
Our eyes work in tandem to produce an image. However, what happens when both your eyes produce dissimilar pictures of the same object?
This is exactly what happens in a medical condition of the eye, called diplopia, which makes you see a double image of one object.
Before we explore diplopia further, a word of caution double vision can sometimes be a symptom of a serious disease or condition. So please take care to see an eye expert straight away if you suffer from this condition. The serious conditions that can cause double vision are -
There are several types of diplopia, and there are numerous causes for double vision. In simple words, double vision happens when the brain cannot combine the images from each of your eyes, into a single image. This happens usually because the two images are not similar enough, due to problems with the eye muscles or nerves that control where each eye is looking. Normally these two images from each of your eyes are combined by the brain into a single image.
Diplopia - Types and their Treatments
Double vision can be horizontal, where the two images appear side by side or vertical, where the images appear one above the other; or diagonal, where the images are both vertically and horizontally displaced from one another.
There are other two main types of double vision i.e. binocular and monocular.
Treatment is generally given to cover the affected eye and to make the double image disappear. Since, double vision makes it difficult for you to see objects at any distance and it also affects your spatial awareness, therefore you should not drive.
It is very important to treat children with double vision promptly; otherwise, they can lead to a permanent squint or might develop abnormalities in their upper spine due to constantly twisting their head in an unusual way to try to see properly.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
When was the last time you visited an ophthalmologist? Chances are that unless you faced a problem in your eyes recently, it must have been months or even years. Most people only visit an eye specialist’s clinic when they experience some eye problem. This is not a good practice since the best way to avoid severe eye complications is to detect them in their early stages. Since some eye conditions are asymptomatic in their early stages, these conditions cannot be detected without a comprehensive eye exam. Either you must be aware of warning signs or visit an ophthalmologist once a year to avoid eye problems getting severe.
Warning signs that need immediate attention
Prevention is always better than cure and eyes are one part of your body that you most likely ignore unless the problems start looming large. When the warning signs are felt, it is better to seek medical attention to rule out any sort of complication.
Technology is both boon and bane. Most jobs nowadays are partially automated, and it has become necessary for many to work long hours on the computer. If you are one such person, then you might be experiencing one or many symptoms related to eyes. The eye muscles get fatigued when eyes stare on the computer screen for a long time, and this can cause a host of eye problems. Referred to as Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS), the condition can range from eye pain to problems with eye sight.
The following is a short account of a few simple but effective measures that you can follow to avoid eye problems caused by extensive use of computers.
Apart from these practices, adopting healthy lifestyle habits such as eating a balanced diet, exercising, quitting smoking and wearing sunglasses while out can help preserve eye health in general. Also, it is essential to undergo regular eye check up to catch any eye problems at its early stages.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Your eyes are one of the most significant of all the sense organs since it allows you to see things around you. It is essential to take good care of your eyes. But, many lack an awareness on ocular care. Read on to know a few lifestyle habits that will help in maintaining a good ocular hygiene thus ensuring normal vision.
Ensure your ocular hygiene with these healthy lifestyle habits
Most of these tips may sound simple, but they are highly effective and can help avoid eye problems completely. And don’t forget to get your routine eye check-up done as well. All that is required is to incorporate these basic lifestyle changes to protect the amazing part of your body, your eyes. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ophthalmologist.
Whether to get younger looking skin or just to follow the latest beauty trends, plastic surgery has becoming an important tool to enhance rejuvenate and reshape women’s beauty. Correcting defects or changing features on your face to feel more confident and improve self esteem are usually the most common reasons cited by patients.
There could be many reasons for you to go for cosmetic surgery, but you need to think carefully before you opt for the procedure. Some common reasons for getting plastic or cosmetic surgery may include:
Although there are many types of plastic surgeries to fix your facial and body problems, the best thing for you would be to pinpoint and understand the priority areas and go for surgery in the area which you think requires most attention.
Some of the most opted cosmetic surgeries are