Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Eye Infection: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

An eye infection can show itself up in many different ways which depends mainly on the part of the eye where the infection has taken place. There are different kinds of eye infections- pink eye or conjunctivitis, Keratitis, Stye, fungal eye infections, Uveitis. Conjunctivitis is the infection of conjunctiva. It can be caused by bacteria or virus and also from allergic reactions. Viral conjunctivitis usually resolves on its own and does not require any specific treatment. Allergic conjunctivitis can be managed by pouring cool water over face. Bacterial conjunctivitis too resolves without treatment. Antibiotics may be needed. Conjunctivitis due to chemicals is treated with the help of irrigation with Ringer’s lactate or saline solution. Keratitis is a condition in which the eye’s cornea becomes inflamed. Treatment depends on the cause of keratitis. A stye is also known as hordeolum which is a bacterial infection of an oil land in the eye lid. Most cases resolve on their own without eye care. Can also be treated with warm compresses. Uveitis is the inflammation of uvea which is typically treated with glucocorticoid steroids either as topical eye drops or as oral therapy. Antimetabolite medications are often used.

How is the treatment done?

Conjunctivitis resolves in 65% cases without the need of any treatment. Viral conjunctivitis does not need any specific treatment but Antihistamines like diphenhydramine or mast cell stabilizers like cromolyn may be used to help the patients with the symptoms. For the allergic type, the mild cases can be resolved by pouring cool water over the face with the head inclined downward which constricts capillaries and artificial tears sometimes relieve discomfort of the patients. Persistent allergic conjunctivitis can be treated with topical steroid drops. For bacterial infections topical antibiotic may be needed if no improvement is seen after three days but it usually resolves without treatment. Conjunctivitis due to chemicals is treated via irrigation with Ringer’s lactate or saline solution. Chemical injuries are medical emergencies as they can give rise to severe scarring and intraocular damage. This condition has the risk of spreading to another eye. There are various causes which lead to keratitis of the eye. Infectious keratitis progress rapidly and requires urgent treatment like antibacterial, antifungal or antiviral therapy to eliminate the pathogen. Antibacterial solutions include levofloxacin, gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin, ofloxacin. Acyclovir is the main treatment for HSV keratitis and in this condition steroids should be avoided because it can worsen the condition of the patient. Primary treatment for stye is application of warm compresses. People can cleanse the affected eye lid with a mild non irritating soap or shampoo to clean the crusted discharge on the lid. Pain relievers such as acetaminophen may be used. Antibiotics are occasionally prescribed. They are generally given to people with multiple styes or styes that do not seem to heal. Surgery is the last treatment is styes do not respond to other treatment methods.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Any person noticing problems like pain or discomfort in eyes, itchy eyes, burning sensation, irritation, painful lump under eyelids, swollen, red or purple eyelids, pink colour in the white area of the eyes, crusty eye lashes and lids should go for a check up as leaving untreated in many cases can give rise to worse conditions. People with recurring eye problems and people having eye problems along with chronic conditions like diabetes should visit a doctor.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

As there are some side effects people who is suffering from any other disease or are under some medications should consult doctors before application of any drugs.

Are there any side effects?

There are some side effects of medications which include steroids and antibiotic ointments and drops. Side effects include redness, irritation, burning sensation, nausea, stinging, fatigue and mild itching.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There are no such after treatment guidelines. But to prevent spreading of eye disease some measures can be taken such as hand washing, avoiding sharing of towels, pillow cases, wash clothes and make up.

How long does it take to recover?

Different types of infections require different recovery periods. Conjunctivitis generally does not need any treatment and can get resolved within a week. But in case of severe conditions it may require time. Stye can get cured in few days or weeks. Keratitis are caused by various agents and recovery time will depend on the cause and severity of the disease.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Cost of eye treatment is not much if the cases are not severe. Conjunctivitis generally do not require any treatment. If even treatment is required, it can be done at affordable cost.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The result of the treatment of eye disease is usually permanent. There have been cases where some eye infections gave rise to irreversible blindness if left untreated. But recurrence of eye infections after correct treatment is rare or almost absent.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are some natural methods of treatment. Like for example, boric acid which is a weak and water soluble acid serves as an antifungal, antiseptic eyewash. It is better not to use this method if any one is allergic to it. Flaxseed rich in omega-3 fatty acids stimulate immune system to fight against infections. It also reduces inflammation and pain of the eye. Tea bags can soothe the eye and reduce redness and swelling. Typically, black tea is used for this treatment but green tea or white tea can be used as well. Honey possess antibacterial properties and is helpful to kill harmful bacteria in the eye. Jasmine flower with boiled or distilled water reduce inflammation, redness and irritation of the eyes.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Low Price Range: Rs.100-Rs.1000

Popular Health Tips

Double Vision - Why It Happens?

FAECS, DNB Ophtalmology, DO Ophthalmology, Fellowship In Phacoemulsification & Refractive Surgery
Ophthalmologist, Indore
Double Vision - Why It Happens?

Our eyes work in tandem to produce an image. However, what happens when both your eyes produce dissimilar pictures of the same object?
This is exactly what happens in a medical condition of the eye, called diplopia, which makes you see a double image of one object.

Before we explore diplopia further, a word of caution double vision can sometimes be a symptom of a serious disease or condition. So please take care to see an eye expert straight away if you suffer from this condition. The serious conditions that can cause double vision are -

There are several types of diplopia, and there are numerous causes for double vision. In simple words, double vision happens when the brain cannot combine the images from each of your eyes, into a single image. This happens usually because the two images are not similar enough, due to problems with the eye muscles or nerves that control where each eye is looking. Normally these two images from each of your eyes are combined by the brain into a single image.

Diplopia - Types and their Treatments
Double vision can be horizontal, where the two images appear side by side or vertical, where the images appear one above the other; or diagonal, where the images are both vertically and horizontally displaced from one another.

There are other two main types of double vision i.e. binocular and monocular.

  • Binocular diplopia is the most common type of diplopia and it occurs when your eyes are unable to align with each other forming a double vision. The treatment for this type of diplopia is straightforward. Usually, it can be cured by covering either of your eyes. The most common cause of binocular double vision is a squint, but if it occurs suddenly, it could be a symptom of a serious medical condition. So, you should rush to a doctor immediately.
  • Monocular diplopia is double vision in one of your eyes only. It is much less common than binocular diplopia. It is usually caused by an abnormality within the eye itself, like:

Treatment is generally given to cover the affected eye and to make the double image disappear. Since, double vision makes it difficult for you to see objects at any distance and it also affects your spatial awareness, therefore you should not drive.

It is very important to treat children with double vision promptly; otherwise, they can lead to a permanent squint or might develop abnormalities in their upper spine due to constantly twisting their head in an unusual way to try to see properly.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2530 people found this helpful

7 Warning Signs You Must Visit Your Ophthalmologist!

DOMS(gold Medal);guru Nanak Eye Centre;University Of Delhi, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
7 Warning Signs You Must Visit Your Ophthalmologist!

When was the last time you visited an ophthalmologist? Chances are that unless you faced a problem in your eyes recently, it must have been months or even years. Most people only visit an eye specialist’s clinic when they experience some eye problem. This is not a good practice since the best way to avoid severe eye complications is to detect them in their early stages. Since some eye conditions are asymptomatic in their early stages, these conditions cannot be detected without a comprehensive eye exam. Either you must be aware of warning signs or visit an ophthalmologist once a year to avoid eye problems getting severe.

Warning signs that need immediate attention

  1. Blurry Vision: If your vision has suddenly got blurry or you are not able to focus clearly on objects, then this can be due to an underlying health issue. In case the blurry vision is in any one eye, and it comes and goes, an eye examination must be scheduled as soon as possible.
  2. Obstructed Vision: If you are experiencing any visual disturbances in the form of flashes of light, floaters or obstruction of vision, then you need to visit an eye specialist within 24 hours. Such symptoms may be the result of some underlying retinal pathology or may lead to retinal detachment, retinal tear or retinal hole.
  3. Far or near sight: Over time, some people tend to shift their books or computer screens a little further away from their usual reading distance to improve clarity. This can be a sign of gradual blurring of vision, and it indicates that it’s time to have your eyes examined. The reverse also calls for the same. If you are reading a book or viewing the TV or computer screen closer than usual, then you need to visit an eye specialist.
  4. Headaches: Another sign that indicates vision problems is headaches. If you are experiencing frequent headaches, then this is a sign of vision problem. Since vision change is usually slow and imperceptible in its initial stage, a frequent headache serves as a warning sign.
  5. Ear pain: Temporary eye pain or strain is normal and is not a cause of worry since it usually occurs during seasonal changes or cold and flu. However, persisting eye pain or fatigue that last for over a few days is an indicator of some eye infection or serious health condition.
  6. Squinting: Other than that, squinting is one of the most common warning signs of future eye problems. Squinting reduces extraneous light from entering the eye and reduces light scattering. This act helps improve vision but is an unnatural reaction and is one of the first signs for children who need prescription glasses. If you squint more than normal, then it is time for you to have your eyes checked.
  7. Irritation and redness: If you are experiencing itchiness, redness, and discharge from your eyes, then you may have an eye infection. Consult your eye specialist and have the infection treated as soon as possible to avoid further complications.

Prevention is always better than cure and eyes are one part of your body that you most likely ignore unless the problems start looming large. When the warning signs are felt, it is better to seek medical attention to rule out any sort of complication.

2620 people found this helpful

Working Professionals - Ways They Can Keep Their Eyes Healthy!

DOMS(gold Medal);guru Nanak Eye Centre;University Of Delhi, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Working Professionals - Ways They Can Keep Their Eyes Healthy!

Technology is both boon and bane. Most jobs nowadays are partially automated, and it has become necessary for many to work long hours on the computer. If you are one such person, then you might be experiencing one or many symptoms related to eyes. The eye muscles get fatigued when eyes stare on the computer screen for a long time, and this can cause a host of eye problems. Referred to as Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS), the condition can range from eye pain to problems with eye sight.

The following is a short account of a few simple but effective measures that you can follow to avoid eye problems caused by extensive use of computers.

  1. Simple Tips to Follow: Eye care regimen should be followed by everyone, but special care needs to be taken by the individuals who always works on the computers and has to look on the screen at all the times. The current digital age has greatly altered the way we use our eyes. Here are few simple tips you can follow in this regard.
  2. Take Eye Breaks: You should make it a point to turn your eyes away from the screen of the computer for giving a break to the eyes. While working at the computer, it is to be made sure to take a break every 20 minutes and look away at least 20 feet for a duration of about 20 seconds. This is more popularly known as the 20 – 20 Rule and very helpful for the eyes.
  3. Frequent Blinking: Frequent blinking leads to spread of tear film. It might happen that you need to stare at the screen of the computer for a long period of time which denies you of taking any kind of breaks. In this situation, it is recommended that you should blink more frequently which is beneficial for the health of the eyes.
  4. Use Eye Drops: This can be another healthy tip for the maintaining good and healthy eyes. Using the eye drops for the eyes which are actually artificial tears or eye lubricants which play a crucial role in reducing the strain in the eyes always keeping the eyes hydrated. One point is to be remembered here is that the eye drops should be used after consultation with an ophthalmologist so that no side effects arise later on.
  5. Using Computer Glasses: The individuals who heavily use computers can use single vision glasses for creating a gap between the eyes and the screen of the computer. A mininmum of 30 inches from eye is required. This can have a significant impact on the health of the eyes.
  6. Orthoptic Exercises: Certain types of muscle imbalances (forms of strabismus) can be improved with eye exercises. This form of therapy is called orthoptic therapy. The most common disorders that respond to orthoptic therapy are convergence insufficiency and intermittent exotropia.
  7. Anti-glare Screens: Anti-glare glasses can certainly help you work from your laptop screen more comfortably, but you can also protect your eyes by adjusting the screen so it's in a good position for your eye line. Remember to give your eyes a break every now and then by focusing on something in the distance. 

Apart from these practices, adopting healthy lifestyle habits such as eating a balanced diet, exercising, quitting smoking and wearing sunglasses while out can help preserve eye health in general. Also, it is essential to undergo regular eye check up to catch any eye problems at its early stages.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2561 people found this helpful

Ocular Health - 5 Ways You Can Maintain It!

DOMS(gold Medal);guru Nanak Eye Centre;University Of Delhi, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Ocular Health - 5 Ways You Can Maintain It!

Your eyes are one of the most significant of all the sense organs since it allows you to see things around you. It is essential to take good care of your eyes. But, many lack an awareness on ocular care. Read on to know a few lifestyle habits that will help in maintaining a good ocular hygiene thus ensuring normal vision.

Ensure your ocular hygiene with these healthy lifestyle habits

  1. Balanced diet: Eating right and maintaining a healthy diet does not just go for your overall health but your eye health as well. While carrots are good for your health, eating fresh fruits and green leafy vegetables offer the minerals and nutrients necessary for maintaining healthy eyesight. Dark leafy vegetables such as spinach or kale are especially good for eye health. Moreover, eating fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as tuna or salmon is very beneficial for maintaining proper eyesight.
  2. Right body weight: Body weight is indirectly related to eye health. An individual must maintain proper body weight since being overweight leads to health problems like diabetes and blood pressure. A person with diabetes is at risk of deteriorating eye sight caused by diabetic eye disease or glaucoma. If you have problems with weight maintenance, consult a health expert and seek professional guidance.
  3. Ocular hygiene: Maintaining ocular hygiene has become very important these days. Due to the level of pollution and germs around us, certain preventive measures need to be taken to prevent eye infections. People who play sports or perform other physical activities should wear protective eyewear. Wear safety goggles while swimming and make sure you wear polycarbonate eye gear if you play sports such as squash. These lenses are 10 times stronger than usual plastic and are available in protective eyewear stores as well as sporting goods stores.
  4. Quit smoking: Never take up smoking and if you already have then you better quit it as soon as possible. Just like for the rest of your body, smoking is very harmful to your eyesight as well. Research has proven that smoking causes severe macular degeneration, cataract and optic nerve damage in aging people. Over time, this can lead to permanent blindness.
  5. Protect your eyes: Sunglasses are not just meant for style, they also protect your eyes from harmful UV rays. While purchasing sunglasses, make sure the ones you purchase block out 99-100% UV-A and UV-B rays. Moreover, it is vital to give your eyes rest. If you work on the computer or watch TV, it is advised to look away from the screen for around 20 seconds in every 20 minute time interval. It is vital to get sufficient sleep as well.

Most of these tips may sound simple, but they are highly effective and can help avoid eye problems completely. And don’t forget to get your routine eye check-up done as well. All that is required is to incorporate these basic lifestyle changes to protect the amazing part of your body, your eyes. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ophthalmologist.

2683 people found this helpful

5 Most Common Cosmetic Surgeries For Women!

MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, DNB, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
5 Most Common Cosmetic Surgeries For Women!

Whether to get younger looking skin or just to follow the latest beauty trends, plastic surgery has becoming an important tool to enhance rejuvenate and reshape women’s beauty. Correcting defects or changing features on your face to feel more confident and improve self esteem are usually the most common reasons cited by patients.

Common causes

There could be many reasons for you to go for cosmetic surgery, but you need to think carefully before you opt for the procedure. Some common reasons for getting plastic or cosmetic surgery may include:

  1. Bad genetics: Your genetics determine how you will look throughout your life. Therefore, undesired features caused by bad genetics are a big motivation for you to undergo cosmetic surgery.
  2. Reducing aging signs: though there are many non invasive anti-aging therapies, cosmetic surgeries such as a face lift are the most effective means to knock off years of your face.
  3. Scars and acne: If you have birth marks or marks of injury in areas where you don't want it to be then cosmetic surgery is the best solution. You can also have plastic surgery to get rid of your acne scars.
  4. To fix physical deformity: if you have a tilted nose or a grim lip, then cosmetic surgery is the best way to fix these problems and boost your self-esteem by improving self image.

Although there are many types of plastic surgeries to fix your facial and body problems, the best thing for you would be to pinpoint and understand the priority areas and go for surgery in the area which you think requires most attention.

Some of the most opted cosmetic surgeries are

  1. Face lifts: In this surgery, the doctors re-contour and reshape your face by excising droopy and excess skin. The remaining skin is then strategically put back together in manner which makes it tighter and reduces years from your face.
  2. Nose job: This process helps you to change your nose structure. This process involves the removal of nose skin and sometimes it may also change the cartilage and bone of your nose.
  3. Breast augmentation or reduction: You may seek cosmetic surgery to get the desired breast size and shape. Some may also want to increase or decrease the size of their breasts, or may just want to reshape them.
  4. Eyelid surgery: Eyelid surgery is done to remove eye-bags, puffiness, dark circles and wrinkles. In this process the muscles get tightened, excess fat is removed and areas are concealed well to provide a youthful look.
  5. Lipoplasty: This is a form of surgery which reduces fat from specific areas of the body to reduce problems like love handles and eye bags. It is also used to suck fat out from areas such as the lower jaw, upper arm and even thighs for topical reshaping.
3822 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering from high eye pressure from last one year. Upto before month I used some drops. Is there any surgery for that.

MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery(FMAS), Diploma in Advanced Laparoscopic surgery, Training in Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Srinagar
Yes. Surgery (trabeculotomy) is the final option. Consult good ophthalmologist as glaucoma if uncontrolled may cause permanent damage to the eye.
1 person found this helpful

My son having a blister (funsi small) in his left eye will you please suggest any eye drop or medicine for immediate relief.

Dermatologist, Chennai
He is suffering from stye. Hair root infection. Medicine available for good improvement. As the treatment varies depending on the severity. Send photos of the affected area, for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
1 person found this helpful

My daughter sprayed the nose pain relief spray into my mother's eye. Please suggest what should be done immediately in order to not effect the eye.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD Ophthalmology, Senior Residency
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Hello lybrate-user, First thing to be done in such cases is to immediately wash the eyes with running water thoroughly. That will wash off most of the spray from the eyes. Use lubricating eye drops 4 times a day. Cold compresses can be applied on closed eyes for soothing effect. In case of severe burning sensation, pain or redness, consult an eye doctor.

I live in a hostel. I was feeling lonely today so I went to a friend's room to talk to him. He bought a new smartphone. He was using his phone. After sometime he turned on the flash light accidentally and in the same time I also got busy with my phone. He was in the chair next to his bed and I was sitting in the bed. He turned on his flashlight of his phone and it's focus was falling on my eyes. I didn't mind it because I was busy on my own phone. For about an hour I was in the same position and the powerful flash light has been falling on my eyes. After one hour I realized that his flashlight was pointing my eyes, then I immediately came out of his room. But for sometime I could see nothing with my eyes. My vision became blurry. Then I slept. Now I can see with my eyes. Will anything happen to my eyes? Has it damaged my eyes?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD Ophthalmology, Senior Residency
Ophthalmologist, Delhi
Hi lybrate-user, What you experienced was a normal response of the eyes to bright light. For example, when you enter a movie theatre/ dark room, you can't see anything for some time. Then your eyes adjust in 10-20 seconds. Similarly, after being exposed to bright light continuously, once you go to normal light condition, vision will be blurred temporarily till the eyes adjust to it. So you need not worry. In case there is any problem/ symptoms, feel free to contact me. Regards.
2 people found this helpful

I have noticed a tiny yellow spot on the inside of my right lower eyelid and the area around it appears red. What could this be?

DGO (Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology), MBBS
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Hi. That can be stye. Infection of glands at root of eyelashes. If you have any symptoms like pain, irritation, photosensitivity, swelling of eyelid you need to consult ophthalmologist.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
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Diabetes and Eye Problems
How To Avoid The Risk Of Retinopathy?
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Know More About Eye Problems

I am Dr. Varun Gogia, Director Eye clinics advance eye care and senior consultant Ophthalmology at Forty SeaDoc taking care of all their diabetic patients and having eye problem.

We at diabetic eye clinics or our eye clinics advance eye care have a single motto of patient first, vision first and we provide all comprehensive and complete eye care very affordable prices for all our patients. The services provided by us include a complex retinal therapeutics and diagnostics which include three dimensional OCT, diluted examination fluorescein angiography for diabetic neuropathy fundoo phrosis for various retinal disorders and lasers. in lasers we have a very specialized machine which is a multi-spot laser which is extending the benefits of reduction in total duration of the laser and reducing pain which is not available in many of the centers of Delhi and NCR region. Apart from that state of art endoscopic switcher less retina surgeries are being performed for all kind of complex retinal problems like Aetna detachment, macular hole, ERN s, diabetic retinal detachment, diabetic ERN s and various severe disorders. Apart from that we extend this care to our patients even post-operative period by providing them with protect me recovery support system which help them in maintaining their position even after the surgery which helps them in the success of the surgery. Having done my senior in see my graduation and post-graduation from a premier institute of all India with medical sciences we hear them at making the diagnosis at a very initial stage thus preventing the total visual loss specifically you will and retinal disorders like separgenous colitis, acute retinal process. Apart from these kind of services have a state of the art institute for cataract surgeries, Lasik surgeries other glaucoma and squid surgeries and uplopastic surgeries.

If you want to contact me, you can contact either, either through Lybrate, or you can come to my clinic at Eye clinic s advance eye care. Thank you.
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