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Overview

Itching: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Itching is a symptom of an underlying disease or disorder we have all experienced at some point in life. It can be very difficult to describe itching to others if you are experiencing it. The sensation of itching may vary from person to person, it usually leads to a very uncomfortable feeling in the skin. It can also feel as if something is crawling on the skin. Itching can either occur all over your body or can be restricted to just one area. Symptoms of itching is generally associated with cracked skin, dry skin, rash, flaky skin, flaky scalp, skin redness, bumps on the skin, blisters or skin spots. Itching can be caused due to a variety of underlying conditions such as contact dermatitis, fungal infections, chicken pox, skin cancer, hives, insect bites, kidney diseases and liver diseases. Viral rashes, sexually transmitted diseases, haemorrhoids, dermatitis herpetiformis and clothing eczema can also be some causes of itching.

Sometimes, itching caused due to dry skin, sun exposure, atopic dermatitis and infestations can be cured easily by consuming or apply certain medicines. A lot of anti-itch creams are available in the market that contain benzocaine, diphenhydramine (Benadryl), pramoxine (Tronolane, Caladryl), phenol, menthol and camphor. If you are experiencing itching, it is vital to avoid scratching your skin as much as possible, doing this can lead to the disruption of the skin and result to bacterial infection.

How is the treatment done?

A lot of people try to self treat themselves by purchasing over the counter medicines for itching. Sometimes these medicines work, but if they fail to work and the itching is associated with skin lesions, then it is important to consult a dermatologist. Many times, psychological factors can also trigger itching such as anxiety and stress. Itching which is caused by reactions to certain medication or drugs can be healed by restricting the use of these medicines. People also tend to use home remedies to get rid of itching such as application of cool water on the affected area, taking cold showers, using ice packs on the skin, etc.

Usually doctors prescribe antihistamines to prevent and treat itching. This includes Chlor-trimeton (chlorpheniramine), Atarax (hydroxyzine) and Benadryl (diphenhydramine). This medicine induces drowsiness in people so by falling asleep after few doses will help the patients stop scratching their bodies, thus reducing the symptoms of itching. However some antihistamines are available which is called second generation antihistamines, they don’t make you feel sleepy because the sedative effect is less in these medicines. However, second generation antihistamines are not as effective as the above mentioned antihistamines. Usually the doctor prescribes these drugs and should be consumed only as advised by the doctor.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Antihistamines can be used by people suffering from acute and uncontrollable itching. Consuming antihistamines is also beneficial if you have symptoms of cough and cold. Since antihistamines contain anti-allergy symptoms, people who are allergic to dust mites, pet dander, ragweed and pollen can consume this medicine.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you are on other medications, then antihistamines can interact with these medications and prove fatal, hence it is important to consult a doctor before buying them. If you have glaucoma, liver disease, kidney disease, thyroid problems, heart diseases, high blood pressure and enlarged prostate, consuming antihistamines can be harmful for your body. Nursing and pregnant women should also avoid this medicine.

Are there any side effects?

The major side effect of antihistamines is drowsiness but it can also lead to other side effects. This includes, dry mouth, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, moodiness, restlessness, difficulty in urination, blurred vision and confusion. Antihistamines should not be consumed in excess or it can be fatal for health. To get rid of drowsiness due to consuming antihistamines, you can take it before bedtime so that it will not create a hurdle in your daily activities.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After getting treated with antihistamines, it is important to follow preventive measures so that itching doesn’t reoccur anytime soon. Using sunscreen lotion before stepping out of the house will make your skin recover from the lesion and bumps caused due to scratching. This will also prevent your skin from getting sensitive which would promote itching otherwise. Since itching is an underlying cause of some condition, preventive measures should be taken if you have some disease or medical conditions which trigger itching. You should promote hygiene and care to prevent lice, bug bites and sexually transmitted diseases. If you experience itching even after taking antihistamines, it can be an underlying cause of a serious disease, in such cases, it is mandatory to consult a physician right away.

How long does it take to recover?

After consuming antihistamines, itching can reduce in a few days. Applying topical ointments can also make itching disappear for the time being. Though, itching cannot be cured completely by the use of antihistamines, preventive measures can be taken to reduce the susceptibility of itching in the future.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of the treatment can be anywhere between Rs. 300 to Rs. 13,000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Results of the treatment last as long as you are consuming the antihistamines. After stopping the use of this medicine you can again be prone to developing itching in the long run. Therefore this treatment isn’t permanent in true sense.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Other than antihistamines, there are other alternative treatments for itching. These include, supplements or creams containing camphor, menthol and phenol. Anesthetics or creams containing hydrocortisone are also regarded as itch reducers. Topical ointments can also be used if necessary.

skin rash
Safety: Medium Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: High Price Range: Rs. 300 - Rs. 13,000

Popular Health Tips

Anal Herpes & Warts - Possible Ways They Can Be Treated!

MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, FAIS, Fellowship In Minimal Access Surgery
General Surgeon, Mumbai
Anal Herpes & Warts - Possible Ways They Can Be Treated!

Anal herpes and anal warts are sexually transmitted diseases. These both diseases affect the genitals. As these are sexually transmitted diseases, these are transmitted through sexual contact.

Anal Herpes:

  • It is an infection caused by herpes virus, which is caused by the sore or blisters formed around the anus. This infection is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 or 2 viruses.
  • The symptoms of anal herpes include red bumps or white blisters, itching and pain around the anal area, development of ulcer at the site of blisters, a coating that covers the ulcers ruptures or is bleeding, any change in the bowel habit.

Treatment

  • Antiviral therapy is one of the primary treatment for anal herpes. The virus responsible mainly for herpes is herpes simplex virus type II. Antiviral medications are given to patients, these medicines fight the virus. The symptoms of herpes are reduced with this therapy.
  • Regular use of antiviral medication is referred to as suppressive therapy. As the name suggests, people on suppressive therapy, reduce the risk of passing the infection to their sexual partner.
  • In severe anal herpes, the doctor might give intravenous antiviral therapy to control the infection.However, the herpes virus cannot be cured as it is considered a lifelong infection. The virus stays in the nerve cells for lifelong and is inactive for long periods of time. It only outbreaks when it is triggered by an externalfactor such as illness, stress, or sun exposure.

Prevention
As anal herpes is transmitted through sexual contact, one can lower the risk of this disease. Safety measures can be used are:

  • Wear a condom or use barrier protection during every sexual intercourse, including anal or oral sex.
  • Reduce the number of sexual partners.
  • If one maintains monogamy, the risk is minimal for transmitting anal herpes.
  • One should abstain from sex altogether, if possible.

Anal Warts:
Anal warts are small warts that occur around the anus. Another name for anal wart is condyloma acuminate. In many cases, anal warts don’t cause any pain or discomfort. But, they cause irritation when they grow in size and might be itchy and/or bleed. However, if there are no symptoms seen, people suffering from anal wart might not even know that they have warts. Anal warts might occur only at a spot or even spread to different parts of the genitals such as buttocks, anus, and inner thighs over a period of time.

Symptoms
The anal warts are small bumps initially, a size of the head of a pin, which is not even noticed. However, as they grow, they can develop to a size of a cauliflower-likean appearance, when several warts are clustered together to form a huge lump. These warts are peach colored and the color may vary from yellow, light brown, or pink and it might even blend with the skin color. Usually the anal warts are without any pain or discomfort, however, other rare occurring symptoms are itching, discharge from the anus, or bleeding. Anal warts in women might appear on vagina, vulva, or at the cervix, whereas in men it can develop on penis, scrotum, groin area, or thighs.

Treatment
Topical medication can be used to treat anal warts, such as imiquimod, podofilox, podophyllum, etc. Another treatment of anal wart that depends upon the location and severity of the condition:

Surgery can be recommended for larger warts that do not respond to medications. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4182 people found this helpful

Drug Allergy - What All Should You Know?

Diploma In Allergy & Clinical Immunology, MBBS, MD - Paediatrics, M.Med - Family Medicine
Allergist/Immunologist, Kochi
Drug Allergy - What All Should You Know?

A drug is used to treat a health issue or a disease, but it can rarely happen that the drug itself can cause an allergic reaction. Read on to know more about important things you must know about drug allergy.

What leads to a drug allergy?

The body’s immune system identifies any trigger as an antigen and produces “antibodies” to fight the antigen. It can, however, rarely happen that the drug itself can turn out to be an antigen and trigger the production of antibodies. There is a slight difference between side effect and allergy caused by a drug.

While a side effect will be seen in almost any person who takes it, the allergic reaction to a drug is based on the person’s immune system. A weakened immune system has a higher chance of triggering a drug allergy. For instance, steroids have the side effect of increasing sugar levels, whereas penicillin causing anaphylaxis is an example of a drug allergy.

A side effect may sometimes be positive too; however, a drug allergy is almost always negative.

Another aspect also is to note that a drug allergy may disappear over a period of time.

Possible drugs causing allergies:

  1. Antibiotics like penicillin and sulfa drugs
  2. NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)
  3. Chemotherapy drugs
  4. Aspirin

Kinds of drug allergies: While there are many drugs which can cause minor allergies like a rash, there are some which could have a life-threatening effect. Anaphylaxis, for instance, can be very dangerous, and if not immediately attended to, can even cause death. Most often though symptoms include irregular heartbeat, swelling, and difficulty breathing.

Treatment of drug allergies:
For mild drug allergies, if the drug is critical for improving health, then the doctor can choose to continue the drug and give another drug to control the reaction.

However, if the reaction is severe, then an alternate needs to be given so that the health is taken care of, without causing a severe allergic reaction. Some common agents used to treat drug allergies are listed below:

  1. Antihistamines: Most allergic reactions are associated with the release of increased amounts of histamine. Therefore, antihistamines are used which can be used to control symptoms like swelling, redness of eyes, itching, and rashes. These can be used as eye drops, nasal spray, creams, or tablets.
  2. Corticosteroids: Often used to control overall inflammation and used in managing symptoms related to airways.
  3. Bronchodilators: If there are issues relating to breathing and chest tightness, this class of drugs are used.

Be frank with your doctor and tell any reaction you might notice. When having future surgeries, including dental, let the doctor know about your allergy.  In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4345 people found this helpful

Skin In Winters - 5 Tips To Help You Protect It!

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Surat
Skin In Winters - 5 Tips To Help You Protect It!

You are most likely to experience dry skin during winter because of the cold temperature, and lack of sunlight and dry environment. The lack of moisture causes your skin to dry up, giving it a cracked, flaky and scaly texture. This season demands a careful skin care regimen, and here are some tips on how you can take care of your skin during the winters.

  1. Consult a specialist: You should visit a dermatologist for an analysis of your skin type. Based on this, your dermatologist will recommend a skin care regimen to be followed during the dry months. Using the prescribed skin care products will benefit your skin and prevent it from getting dry. Both high-priced and low-priced skin care products are effective in protecting your skin.
  2. Moisturise your skin: Your skin care routine and use of moisturisers have to change during the winter. You need to get a new moisturiser instead of the one you use during other seasons. You need an oil-based moisturiser instead of a water-based one. The oil will help in creating a protective layer on your skin surface, which helps in retaining moisture. You can use night creams which are mostly oil based. For your face, you need to apply moisturisers that contain non-clogging oils. This includes mineral oil, avocado oil, almond oil, or primrose oil. Lotions which contain humectants are also effective for winter skin care.
  3. Apply sunscreen: Sunscreen is not just for the summer season. The winter sun can cause damage to your skin as well. Hence, you should apply sunscreen on your face and hands before going out on a winter day. If you need to stay outside for a long time, you must reapply the sunscreen.
  4. Wear gloves: The skin on the hands is thinner than other parts of the body and contains less oil glands. This implies that it is hard to keep your hands moist during the cold winter season. This might cause cracking and itchiness. To prevent this, wear gloves while venturing outside. In case you need to wear woolen gloves, wear cotton gloves first for avoiding any kind of irritation caused by the wool.
  5. Avoid wet gloves and socks: Wearing wet gloves and socks irritates the skin and leads to itching, sores, cracking, and may also lead to eczema. Keep your gloves and socks dry.

You need to use foot lotions to avoid cracking of your feet and heels. Use lotions containing petroleum jelly and glycerine. You should undergo skin exfoliation to eliminate the dead skin from time to time. This will make the moisturisers and lotions to go deeper and be more effective.

Stretch Marks & Itching Due To Pregnancy - What Should You Do?

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Stretch Marks & Itching Due To Pregnancy - What Should You Do?

While pregnancy is a wonderful time as you are anticipating the arrival of your child, it can bring many skin problems along with it. While these are nothing major, you do need to take care of these problems as they may either leave marks on your skin post-pregnancy and even cause discomfort during it. Some of these problems are discussed here.

  • Stretch Marks: Pregnancy stretch marks are minute thin lines, which occur during the later stages of pregnancy on the abdomen. These stretch marks develop when the belly tries to adjust rapidly to the increasing weight of the fetus in the stomach, but the skin cannot withstand the pressure. The elastic fibers under the skin rupture and produce stretch marks.
  • Affected areas: Although not common, the stretch marks can also be found in thighs, buttocks, breasts, upper arm region and the hips in some cases. During pregnancy, the marks look reddish, which gradually transform into white after pregnancy. The marks depend on how quickly you gain weight and how much you gain during pregnancy.

What can be done?
After pregnancy, the stretch marks usually disappear but only a laser surgery can eliminate them. In order to prevent them from appearing at all, the doctors suggest a healthy & balanced diet full of anti-oxidants, vitamin A, vitamin E, lots of vegetables & water from the early pregnancy stages. Doctors also suggest exercises like yoga, which will retain the elasticity of the skin.


As your pregnancy develops, you might experience severe (at times recurrent) itching around your growing belly. In order to get rid of the itching, the doctors will recommend usage of cold moisturizers. You should avoid bathing in hot water and try keeping your skin as moist as possible to get rid of the itching. If the itching tends to be extreme, you should seek the help of a doctor.

Skin Changes
There might be other significant skin changes due to pregnancy. Doctors suspect that an elevated level of pregnancy hormones causes the melanocytes (melanin producing skin cells) to produce an excessive amount of pigments. To avoid the skin changes, the doctors might recommend a prescribed application of sunscreen lotion. Most of the skin changes tend to disappear after delivery. The skin changes that might affect you during pregnancy are:

  1. There might be appearances of several dark patches around your face (melasma or the pregnancy mask).
  2. Development of a dark patch in the adjoining skin between the navel and the pubic region known as linea nigra
  3. There might be a significant darkening of the skin around the nipple regions from the thirteenth to the twenty-eighth week of pregnancy.
  4. During pregnancy, you might also develop numerous pimples in your body.
  5. Some women might experience a certain redness on their hands that tends to be itchy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

 

3736 people found this helpful

Carbuncle (Swollen Mass Beneath Skin) - How Can It Be Diagnosed And Cured?

MD, Ex Sr Dermatologist AIIMS New Delhi
Dermatologist, Delhi
Carbuncle (Swollen Mass Beneath Skin) - How Can It Be Diagnosed And Cured?

A carbuncle is one of those things which a lot of people would vaguely heard of or not at all, but are quite common. It is a swollen mass which is located under the skin of the person who has one. A lot of the time, a carbuncle may not occur independently. As a matter of fact, it can occur with quite a few other symptoms such as a fever or fatigue to varying levels of intensity. In addition to these symptoms, there can also be an itching of the skin.

How can you get rid of it?

  1. The good news about carbuncles is that not only can they be diagnosed but they can also be cured. In most of the cases people who suffer from carbuncles, this occurs on its own over the course of about two weeks since its appearance.
  2. The key thing when it comes to the healing of a carbuncle is the rate at which it drains.
  3. If a person would like to be free from the carbuncle sooner rather than later, which most people would like to have, what is required is that he or she is to take a cloth which is warm and moist and apply it on the carbuncle.
  4. No matter how appealing the idea may seem to be, the last thing which is to be done when a person has a carbuncle is to take a knife to it.
  5. The risk which a person opens himself or herself up to by the way of the possibility of an infection far outweighs any possible benefit that he or she may receive on account of getting rid of the carbuncle a little bit earlier than the time it would have normally taken.
  6. In some cases, it can be very important to consult a doctor. This is true when a person has a carbuncle which seems to reappear time and time again. Other such cases include a carbuncle which lasts longer than a couple of weeks as well as one which appears on the face or the skin which covers the spine.
  7. Even though a carbuncle may be something that happens to be relatively harmless though quite irritating, it is obviously not fun to have one. In order to reduce the risk of getting a carbuncle, one can refrain from sharing clothes, practice proper hygiene and make sure the infection does not spread.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2614 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering from fungal infection on my middle of hip and it is like in white circle in that area. And I get itching on it. So please suggest me.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Fungal infection or Ring worm. When occurs in groin, called as jock itch. Usually fungal infection is common in moist areas of body like skin folds. It's mostly circular or round in appearance. May be red or black in colour. Treatment depending on the type and severity. Avoid sharing clothes, towels and soap; sweating also increases it. As it has to be differentiated from eczema and infection, its a must to see and confirm the diagnosis for proper treatment. So, please send photos of the affected area by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Computer Vision Syndrome
Hello everybody, I am Dr Charu Tyagi. Today I will talk about Computer vision syndrome.

Computer has become part and parcel of our life. We are spending lot many hours on the screens. The screens are associated with some eye problems. Patients who have eye pain, redness, watery eyes, blury vision, headache often associated with long hours on computer. They are classified as Computer Vision Syndrome. So, we would like you to be spending time but have a mix and match activity when you are working on computers. Take time for breaks and look at distances.

People who have tendency to stare, who do not blink well, (we are suppose to blink 16-18 times in a minute), and who are in the AC atmosphere are more prone to Computer Vision Syndrome. Not wearing glasses is one of the important factors for headache and strain.

Basic Tips:

People are adviced to blink 16-18 times in a minute.
Maintain a good posture
When feel tired, do palming
Wash eyes
Have proper hydration
Follow the rule 20-20-20, which means that after every 20 minutes look at 20 feet or more and blink 20 times.
Have your computer set 15 degrees and below your eye level. No bright light should be behind the computer
Maximum contrast and minimum brightness in the computer setting
Have anti-glare on your computer and anti-glare on your glasses.
Proper lighting should be there above for proper vision and to avoid strain.
Do not rub your eyes frequently as keyboards are the source of infection.
Do not over wear your contact lenses as they can cause dryness in your eyes.
Avoid kajal and soorma which are not very good for your eyes.
If you see that your symptoms are not improving then you need to see an eye specialist for the complete eye examination.

Thank you.
Play video
Vaginal Hygiene
How to maintain Vaginal hygiene?

Hello I am anuradha from dr amar colony market today we are going to discuss about the vaginal and the genital hygiene. As now days vaginal and urinary infections are very very common, so first of all I will tell about how to wash the vaginal area. Vaginal area should be cleaned once in a day during bathing not so frequently, so we should wash the area with soap . Whatever we are using only once and should be gently rubbed and not harshly rubbed again and again. And we should avoid the soap or whatever we are using inside the vagina it should be applied only outside and specially we should take care that we are washing this area after urinating or bathing from front to behind we should never use a jet or whatever water we are using from anus to the front.

As there are different bacteria in both the areas which can cause infection. And after cleaning this area you should pat dry the area completely to avoid infection. the vagina has normal healthy bacteria which may be disrupted by these things by washing so frequently or by using so much soap, it gets disrupted which can allow the infectious bacteria to grow there . so you should avoid these things to maintain the vaginal and genital hygiene also you should take care that you are drinking lots of water during whole day as now a days there are many chances of urinary infection about wearing clothes you should , preferably wear cotton undergarments specially white in color so that you should come to know that it is clean or not, and you should avoid tight clothes and clothes which are made of nylon or synthetic cloths.

You should change these clothing frequently if you doing any strenuous exercise or after any stannous work you should change the clothing as it causes sweat and infection. during menses we should take care that it is cleaned frequently and you should change the pads frequently as it causes infection and better to avoid tampons which is inserted may hygienically or unhygenicaly it may cause infection , so its better not to use tampons and use pads which should be changed frequently .

This was for today and if you want to know more you can contact me through lybrate at amar colony market .
Play video
Fungal Infections - Causes & Treatments
Ways to prevent Fungal infections

Hi friends. I am Dr. Rohit Batra, from Derma World Skin and Hair Clinics in Rajouri Garden and New Rajendra Nagar. And today we re going to talk about fungal infections, or as you all call, jock itch . It is becoming very prevalent in our society where both men and women are suffering from itching in rural areas and other body parts. No matter what you have been using, it doesn t go. The reason behind that is, just like the fungus grows on your bread in the household and the bread lies in a hot and humid climate, fungus can grow on your body, especially in inter tribulus area or the pores of the body, because it finds sugar that is available in our body, sweat, and there is no aeration in these areas which remain closed, so fungus can grow there rapidly.

Now because people have been using all sort of OTC products that are available in the chemist without going to a dermatologist, then they apply these creams, which most of them contain steroids. Till the time you are applying these creams, the symptoms vanish, the itching goes away, but only to come back as soon as you stop these creams. So if you are having a fungal infection in any of these body parts, it s better to go to a dermatologist and get rid of it for once and al, otherwise if you keep applying these creams, the fungus keeps on growing in the body, affects other areas, and can give rise to a very massive fungal infection.

The various creams that are available as an OTC product should not be used, because they just control the symptoms and not the cause. If you want to get treated for your fungal infections, you need to visit a dermatologist. You need to take the course for two to three weeks for oral antifungals, something like terbinafine, something like itraconazole or fluconazole, along with few creams containing other aliconazole, and once this thing goes off, one should take care that while you are bathing, you should make sure that after bathing you dry yourself properly, you don t use wet clothes.

If you are going out for any sort of sport of you are going for gymming, or you are going for running, make sure these clothes, which get drenched, are not worn without getting them washed properly. And once you use a towel for more than two days, it should be properly washed, and should be dried in sun, and then only used. Such things are becoming very prevalent in our society, and families are being affected with fungal infections. So don t share your clothes, don t share your towels, and make sure that you don t spread these infections to your family.

So if you are suffering from any sort of fungal infection, maybe it s jock itch, tinea floris, tinea corporis, visit us. You can either visit us through our Lybrate profile, or you can call us on Derma World Skin and Hair Clinics in New Rajendra Nagar, or Rajouri Garden, and we can help you get rid of this fungal infection for once and all. Happy healing.
Play video
Cosmetic Rehabilitation of Disfigured Eyes
Hi, I m Dr Hrishikesh Tadwalkar, and I m the consultant of oculoplastic surgery or also known as eye plastic. In this speciality, I look after the diseases of an eyelid, the lachrymal system or the tear drainage system, and orbital diseases, i.e, the diseases pertaining to the muscles and other soft tissues which are behind the eye and also the bones which surround the eye.

Today I would like to speak about a very important condition that we handle in this department, and that is the cosmetic rehabilitation of disfigured eyes. Eyes get disfigured or they get damaged, they lose vision due to many conditions. Be it some tumours inside the eye for which the eyes have to be removed, or more commonly during injuries like road traffic accidents or other injuries like assault or chemical injuries like acid or alkali burns.

When we look at a person while interacting, we look at the eye, and therefore it is very important to have a normal appearance in both eyes. If unfortunately, vision cannot be restored in an eye, still, the cosmetic appearance need to be restored to give the patient both psychological confidence, as well as an ability to move about in society with confidence. In this particular condition, we try to customize the treatment, because every person comes with different diseases. We first evaluate it thoroughly and then discuss with the patients about the various treatment options that are available in terms of surgery. The types of implants that are choices available that we can put, and lastly, what kind of surgery will we be undergoing. Once this is decided, the patient undergoes the surgery.

There are different types of surgery like Evisceration, Exenteration, Enucleation, etc. But surgery is only half the part of this treatment. After the surgery, the post-operation period, the patient is carefully monitored for wound healing. And once the wound is healed, which takes about six to eight weeks.

The second part, or even more important part, is fitting with an artificial prosthesis. At our Institute, we have a complete full-fledged custom made artificial eye fitting prosthetic center, where step wise the socket is assessed for the size and various models are made of the artificial eye which are then fitted to the patient and then hand painted to match the other eye. Once this artificial eye is fabricated, the patient is taught in a detailed manner how to wear it, how to take care of it, how to clean it, and then the patient is given instructions as to what medicines are to be put. In this way, we make sure that the patients are satisfied with the appearance. This and many more conditions are treated in such detailed manner at our Institute.

If you have any questions or if you have any queries, or if you have a patient who needs to consult, then please get in touch with me through Lybrate.com. Thank you.
Play video
Top Home Remedies to get rid of Dandruff
Looking over your shoulder while driving is a healthy habit. But looking over your shoulder to check for dandruff could be quite embarrassing, especially for women.

Dandruff is a common scalp condition that is usually chronic but not contagious (unless caused by infection). Formation of dry, white flakes of dead skin on hair and scalp is dandruff. It may also be accompanied by itching and burning sensation.

Those with oily skin are more prone to this problem because it is often a mild form of seborrheic dermatitis.

Dandruff is caused by:

- cold, dry weather
- infrequent shampooing
- overgrowth of yeast-like fungus (malassezia)
- sensitivity to hair products
- conditions like eczema and psoriasis
- hormonal changes
- stress
- a diet lacking in zinc and b vitamins

Try these home remedies to get rid of dandruff:

Home remedy 1
- take a handful of neem leaves.
- boil them in 4 cups of water.
- cool and strain this solution.
- rinse your hair with this decoction 2-3 times a week.

Home remedy 2
- take some coconut oil.
- add half the amount of lemon juice in it.
- mix them thoroughly.
- apply this mixture to the roots of your hair and massage for a few minutes.
- leave on for about 20 minutes before rinsing it off.

Home remedy 3
- take 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar.
- add an equal amount of water.
- add 15-20 drops of tea tree oil.
- mix the ingredients well.
- massage your scalp with the mixture.
- rinse after a few minutes.
- follow this remedy 2-3 times a week.

Now you can confidently say" look, no dandruff anymore"

Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice