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Overview

Itching: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Itching is a symptom of an underlying disease or disorder we have all experienced at some point in life. It can be very difficult to describe itching to others if you are experiencing it. The sensation of itching may vary from person to person, it usually leads to a very uncomfortable feeling in the skin. It can also feel as if something is crawling on the skin. Itching can either occur all over your body or can be restricted to just one area. Symptoms of itching is generally associated with cracked skin, dry skin, rash, flaky skin, flaky scalp, skin redness, bumps on the skin, blisters or skin spots. Itching can be caused due to a variety of underlying conditions such as contact dermatitis, fungal infections, chicken pox, skin cancer, hives, insect bites, kidney diseases and liver diseases. Viral rashes, sexually transmitted diseases, haemorrhoids, dermatitis herpetiformis and clothing eczema can also be some causes of itching.

Sometimes, itching caused due to dry skin, sun exposure, atopic dermatitis and infestations can be cured easily by consuming or apply certain medicines. A lot of anti-itch creams are available in the market that contain benzocaine, diphenhydramine (Benadryl), pramoxine (Tronolane, Caladryl), phenol, menthol and camphor. If you are experiencing itching, it is vital to avoid scratching your skin as much as possible, doing this can lead to the disruption of the skin and result to bacterial infection.

How is the treatment done?

A lot of people try to self treat themselves by purchasing over the counter medicines for itching. Sometimes these medicines work, but if they fail to work and the itching is associated with skin lesions, then it is important to consult a dermatologist. Many times, psychological factors can also trigger itching such as anxiety and stress. Itching which is caused by reactions to certain medication or drugs can be healed by restricting the use of these medicines. People also tend to use home remedies to get rid of itching such as application of cool water on the affected area, taking cold showers, using ice packs on the skin, etc.

Usually doctors prescribe antihistamines to prevent and treat itching. This includes Chlor-trimeton (chlorpheniramine), Atarax (hydroxyzine) and Benadryl (diphenhydramine). This medicine induces drowsiness in people so by falling asleep after few doses will help the patients stop scratching their bodies, thus reducing the symptoms of itching. However some antihistamines are available which is called second generation antihistamines, they don’t make you feel sleepy because the sedative effect is less in these medicines. However, second generation antihistamines are not as effective as the above mentioned antihistamines. Usually the doctor prescribes these drugs and should be consumed only as advised by the doctor.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Antihistamines can be used by people suffering from acute and uncontrollable itching. Consuming antihistamines is also beneficial if you have symptoms of cough and cold. Since antihistamines contain anti-allergy symptoms, people who are allergic to dust mites, pet dander, ragweed and pollen can consume this medicine.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you are on other medications, then antihistamines can interact with these medications and prove fatal, hence it is important to consult a doctor before buying them. If you have glaucoma, liver disease, kidney disease, thyroid problems, heart diseases, high blood pressure and enlarged prostate, consuming antihistamines can be harmful for your body. Nursing and pregnant women should also avoid this medicine.

Are there any side effects?

The major side effect of antihistamines is drowsiness but it can also lead to other side effects. This includes, dry mouth, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, moodiness, restlessness, difficulty in urination, blurred vision and confusion. Antihistamines should not be consumed in excess or it can be fatal for health. To get rid of drowsiness due to consuming antihistamines, you can take it before bedtime so that it will not create a hurdle in your daily activities.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After getting treated with antihistamines, it is important to follow preventive measures so that itching doesn’t reoccur anytime soon. Using sunscreen lotion before stepping out of the house will make your skin recover from the lesion and bumps caused due to scratching. This will also prevent your skin from getting sensitive which would promote itching otherwise. Since itching is an underlying cause of some condition, preventive measures should be taken if you have some disease or medical conditions which trigger itching. You should promote hygiene and care to prevent lice, bug bites and sexually transmitted diseases. If you experience itching even after taking antihistamines, it can be an underlying cause of a serious disease, in such cases, it is mandatory to consult a physician right away.

How long does it take to recover?

After consuming antihistamines, itching can reduce in a few days. Applying topical ointments can also make itching disappear for the time being. Though, itching cannot be cured completely by the use of antihistamines, preventive measures can be taken to reduce the susceptibility of itching in the future.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of the treatment can be anywhere between Rs. 300 to Rs. 13,000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Results of the treatment last as long as you are consuming the antihistamines. After stopping the use of this medicine you can again be prone to developing itching in the long run. Therefore this treatment isn’t permanent in true sense.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Other than antihistamines, there are other alternative treatments for itching. These include, supplements or creams containing camphor, menthol and phenol. Anesthetics or creams containing hydrocortisone are also regarded as itch reducers. Topical ointments can also be used if necessary.

skin rash
Safety: Medium Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: High Price Range: Rs. 300 - Rs. 13,000

Popular Health Tips

Allergy Testing By Skin Prick Method

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB - ENT, Allergy Testing
ENT Specialist, Gurgaon
Allergy Testing By Skin Prick Method

The skin prick test is considered to be the ‘gold standard’ for determining an allergen causing the reaction. The test is quick, easy, and the results are easily visible. This article contains a summary of how the skin prick test works, how preparations are done, and how it is performed.

How does it work?
The skin prick method for allergy test is based on inducing an allergic reaction in a very small area of the skin in a controlled manner. An isolated allergen is thus inserted by making a small prick in the skin. If an allergic response occurs, blood vessels in that area just under the skin dilate and fluid leaks out under the skin. This causes a small, red and itchy bump to form on the skin in about 15-20 minutes. The same reaction can result in a much more severe condition if it occurs systemically in response to that allergen. Hence, the skin prick test is used to pinpoint an allergen causing a response.

What preparations are done for the test?
In preparation for the test, taking antihistamines or oral corticosteroids is prohibited for a period of about 48 to 72 hours before the test is performed, including medications containing these. Application of topical lotions or ointments on the skin is also prohibited. Before testing, the healthcare practitioner shall collect a complete medical history of the patient, including previous occurrences of allergic reactions and the situations they happened in. This information is used to determine the allergens that need to be tested for.

How is it performed?
After making a study of the patient’s case history, the allergens that need to be tested are determined. The test is performed in the following steps:

  1. The area of the skin to be tested is cleaned with a swab of alcohol and small marks are placed on the skin to demarcate the different allergens used.
  2. A drop of the allergen in solution or suspension is put on the skin, a different allergen on each mark.
  3. The skin under each drop is lightly pricked with a sterilized needle. This causes a small amount of the allergens to go into the skin to induce the immune system.
  4. If a positive reaction occurs to one or more of the allergens, a small, red and itchy swelling develop on each of those particular marks in 15-20 minutes. Further tests may be performed in this case.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2648 people found this helpful

Drug Allergy - What All Should You Know?

Diploma In Allergy & Clinical Immunology, MBBS, MD - Paediatrics, M.Med - Family Medicine
Allergist/Immunologist, Kochi
Drug Allergy - What All Should You Know?

A drug is used to treat a health issue or a disease, but it can rarely happen that the drug itself can cause an allergic reaction. Read on to know more about important things you must know about drug allergy.

What leads to a drug allergy?

The body’s immune system identifies any trigger as an antigen and produces “antibodies” to fight the antigen. It can, however, rarely happen that the drug itself can turn out to be an antigen and trigger the production of antibodies. There is a slight difference between side effect and allergy caused by a drug.

While a side effect will be seen in almost any person who takes it, the allergic reaction to a drug is based on the person’s immune system. A weakened immune system has a higher chance of triggering a drug allergy. For instance, steroids have the side effect of increasing sugar levels, whereas penicillin causing anaphylaxis is an example of a drug allergy.

A side effect may sometimes be positive too; however, a drug allergy is almost always negative.

Another aspect also is to note that a drug allergy may disappear over a period of time.

Possible drugs causing allergies:

  1. Antibiotics like penicillin and sulfa drugs
  2. NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)
  3. Chemotherapy drugs
  4. Aspirin

Kinds of drug allergies: While there are many drugs which can cause minor allergies like a rash, there are some which could have a life-threatening effect. Anaphylaxis, for instance, can be very dangerous, and if not immediately attended to, can even cause death. Most often though symptoms include irregular heartbeat, swelling, and difficulty breathing.

Treatment of drug allergies:
For mild drug allergies, if the drug is critical for improving health, then the doctor can choose to continue the drug and give another drug to control the reaction.

However, if the reaction is severe, then an alternate needs to be given so that the health is taken care of, without causing a severe allergic reaction. Some common agents used to treat drug allergies are listed below:

  1. Antihistamines: Most allergic reactions are associated with the release of increased amounts of histamine. Therefore, antihistamines are used which can be used to control symptoms like swelling, redness of eyes, itching, and rashes. These can be used as eye drops, nasal spray, creams, or tablets.
  2. Corticosteroids: Often used to control overall inflammation and used in managing symptoms related to airways.
  3. Bronchodilators: If there are issues relating to breathing and chest tightness, this class of drugs are used.

Be frank with your doctor and tell any reaction you might notice. When having future surgeries, including dental, let the doctor know about your allergy.  In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4347 people found this helpful

Skin In Winters - 5 Tips To Help You Protect It!

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Surat
Skin In Winters - 5 Tips To Help You Protect It!

You are most likely to experience dry skin during winter because of the cold temperature, and lack of sunlight and dry environment. The lack of moisture causes your skin to dry up, giving it a cracked, flaky and scaly texture. This season demands a careful skin care regimen, and here are some tips on how you can take care of your skin during the winters.

  1. Consult a specialist: You should visit a dermatologist for an analysis of your skin type. Based on this, your dermatologist will recommend a skin care regimen to be followed during the dry months. Using the prescribed skin care products will benefit your skin and prevent it from getting dry. Both high-priced and low-priced skin care products are effective in protecting your skin.
  2. Moisturise your skin: Your skin care routine and use of moisturisers have to change during the winter. You need to get a new moisturiser instead of the one you use during other seasons. You need an oil-based moisturiser instead of a water-based one. The oil will help in creating a protective layer on your skin surface, which helps in retaining moisture. You can use night creams which are mostly oil based. For your face, you need to apply moisturisers that contain non-clogging oils. This includes mineral oil, avocado oil, almond oil, or primrose oil. Lotions which contain humectants are also effective for winter skin care.
  3. Apply sunscreen: Sunscreen is not just for the summer season. The winter sun can cause damage to your skin as well. Hence, you should apply sunscreen on your face and hands before going out on a winter day. If you need to stay outside for a long time, you must reapply the sunscreen.
  4. Wear gloves: The skin on the hands is thinner than other parts of the body and contains less oil glands. This implies that it is hard to keep your hands moist during the cold winter season. This might cause cracking and itchiness. To prevent this, wear gloves while venturing outside. In case you need to wear woolen gloves, wear cotton gloves first for avoiding any kind of irritation caused by the wool.
  5. Avoid wet gloves and socks: Wearing wet gloves and socks irritates the skin and leads to itching, sores, cracking, and may also lead to eczema. Keep your gloves and socks dry.

You need to use foot lotions to avoid cracking of your feet and heels. Use lotions containing petroleum jelly and glycerine. You should undergo skin exfoliation to eliminate the dead skin from time to time. This will make the moisturisers and lotions to go deeper and be more effective.

White Scaly Patches On Skin - Can It Be A Sign Of Seborrheic Dermatitis?

MD - Dermatology , Fellowship in Hair Transplant
Dermatologist, Nashik
White Scaly Patches On Skin - Can It Be A Sign Of Seborrheic Dermatitis?

Seborrheic dermatitis is a dermatological disorder that is characterized by the appearance of itchy, red rashes and flaky scales. The symptoms are similar to those of eczema, psoriasis or an allergic reaction. The disease usually affects the scalp and the body. It is not a serious disorder, but it can end up being a cosmetic concern.

Symptoms
The symptoms of this disorder include appearance of skin flakes on the scalp (dandruff), redness of the skin, an itchy skin and crusting of the eyelids. It can affect one’s daily activities because of the irritation that it entails. In case of babies, it is often mistaken for diaper rashes.

Possible triggers
The exact cause of this disorder is not known. Certain factors are known to trigger the symptoms of this disorder; them being:

  • Stress
  • Yeast infection
  • Genetic structure
  • Weather
  • Medical conditions

Certain medical conditions such as acne, AIDS, depression and rosacea increase the risks of seborrheic dermatitis significantly.

Treatments
The treatments for seborrheic dermatitis include using medicated shampoos, lotions and creams. The various treatment options that are available for seborrheic dermatitis have been listed below:

  1. Antifungal medications: Antifungal medicated pills such as ‘terbinafine’ are prescribed to treat this disorder. They may also be used as an ingredient in shampoos.
  2. Inflammation controlling creams and shampoos: Corticosteroids such as ‘desonide’, ‘hydrocortisone’ and ‘fluocinolone’ are often prescribed to treat seborrheic dermatitis. However, a prolonged usage of these topical creams and shampoos might cause skin thinning.
  3. Antibacterial medications: Certain antibacterial gels or creams can be used such as ‘metronidazole’.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4127 people found this helpful

Gynaecological Infections You Should Be Aware Of!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Gynaecological Infections You Should Be Aware Of!

Most women suffer from gynaecological infection at least once in their life while some may suffer from them multiple times. The most common infections that affect women’s reproductive tracts are vulvitis, vaginitis, cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease or the dreaded PID. What’s even worse is the fact that these dangerous infections are often missed in women due to lack of information and the absence of health services, especially in rural parts of the country.

Let’s take a quick look at each one of the above four gynaecological infections:

Vulvitis
Vulvitis is an inflammation of the vulva, the tender folds of skin outside the vagina.

Common symptoms include-

  • Redness and swelling on the lips of the vulva
  • Itching
  • Clear, fluid-filled blisters
  • White, sore and thick patches on the vulva

Causes can include anything from the use of toilet paper, swimming in pools, synthetic underwear, rubbing against a bike seat, bubble baths to shampoos and deodorants…

Usually, urine tests, blood tests and tests for sexually transmitted diseases are used to diagnose this infection. Vulvitis can be caused due to a number of reasons and it’s also a symptom of other more dangerous diseases, hence its treatment is done taking all these factors into mind.

Treatment can include-

  • Avoiding irritants like swimming in pools
  • Sitz baths with soothing compounds for itch control

Vaginitis
Vaginitis refers to any inflammation of the vagina. Usually, the inflammation strikes the walls of the vagina. It can be infectious or non-infectious. This infection is common in women of all ages with one-third of women reporting suffering from the infection at some time during their lives.

Causes
These can be many like infection with bacteria, yeast, viruses etc. Chemicals in creams or sprays, and even clothing can cause the condition. It can be sexually transmitted too. Your hormones, overall health and other diseases you may have – all of these also determine whether you’ll get vaginitis. 

The 3 types of vaginitis are-

  1. Candidiasis
  2. Bacterial vaginosis
  3. Trichomoniasis vaginitis
  4. Viral vaginitis
  5. Noninfectious vaginitis

Vaginitis should always be taken seriously. If left untreated, vaginitis can cause PID which can lead to infertility. If you get a discharge- a frothy white discharge or a colourless discharge with a fishy disorder and see redness around your vagina and pain during urination or sex- don’t take it lightly, but fix an appointment with your gynaecologist ASAP. He or she will mostly treat you using antibiotics.

Cervicitis
This is an irritation or infection of the cervix. It is caused by a number of different organisms and it can be either acute or chronic. Common causes are sexually transmitted diseases or STDs like-

Symptoms

  1. Smelly discharge containing pus
  2. Pelvic pain
  3. Bleeding between periods or after sex
  4. Urinary issues

Pelvic exam and tests for STDs are used for diagnosing this infection. Treatment includes the use of antibiotics for the victim and her sexual partner to prevent re-infection.

Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an infection that affects the woman’s entire reproductive tract like the uterus, fallopian tubes, and the ovaries. It causes scar tissue formation which grows between internal organs leading to chronic pelvic pain. PID can also lead to ectopic pregnancy or a pregnancy which happens when the fertilized egg grows outside the uterus. Untreated PIDs can lead to chronic infection and infertility.
The main cause of PID is bacteria. Intra uterine device use is also linked to PIDs.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3548 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 39 year old women. I get vaginal irritation occasionally. I usually use clingen suppositories for 7 days and feel better. This time its not helping. The mouth of the vagina and the labia are itching and burning. Can you please suggest what will help?

Ms - Gynae & Obs, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Jaipur
Hello some times there can be severe infection and claustridial infection which can not be cured by anti fungal tablets. So it is better to consult to a gynaecologist personally.
1 person found this helpful

Hi, since so many months you have got this reddish itchy something like in under things near private parts. I have used all kind of fungal infection seen doctor also she gave some medicine so it's like. It go away as long as you take it medicine and anti fungal cream and comes back when you stop it I never had such issue ever but after moving to Mumbai I have got this. Please tell some permanent solution Also wen it gets normal d skin remains dark it's clearly visible dt something happened to it portion because I am fare and just that area get reddish and when treatment it's dark. Also I am not sexually active just to your know please help.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Hello lybrate-user I understand your concern. This is common condition affecting active individuals who swear a lot around armpits and groin area. Many people use steroid containing combination like fourderm, panderm cream or bentovate c cream. Fungus would get resistant following such applications. Avoid tight fitting garments to control the sweat and appropriate 2 months of oral antifungal course would help in eliminating it completely. Of late we are saying adult onset diabetes cases as well, in such case we go for certain blood tests as well. Do connect for further management!

Hi, I have urine problem getting itching in my vagina and urine bhi ruk ruk kar aati hain morning urine to hota hi nahi. Urine k flow bhi naih hain. central syrup twice a day anf levofloxacin once a day le rahi hu. Last 2 -3 month s suffer kar rahi hu. Is it major problem.

Diploma In Postpartum Depression, Formerly , House Job , Gynecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hi! I think you are suffering from a fungal infection. Use surfaz-sn cream 2-3 times apply locally. Also use clingen forte one tablet to be inserted intravaginally bedtime for 7 days. Also repeat urine culture after stopping antibiotics.

Week ago, I hd problem like vaginal itching, discharge, burning sensation n excretion problem. I consulted a gynaec she told me to use candid cream, citralka syrup n inti wash. Discharge n burning sensation was stopped but itching was there. Since 2 days I saw blood while urinating. It is my periods time so I thought it's periods n I'm using pads. But I fear is that really periods or something else.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
It seems you're having urinary infection, get your urine routine and culture sensitivity done. Medicines will have to be started according to urine report. Till then drink plenty of water and continue taking syp citralka.
1 person found this helpful

Hii sir. I am suffering this condition from last 4-5 yr. I take so many medicine orally and cream but today presents the condition are same. Itching is on our peak. Lower abdomen thigh and right gluteal region are more common.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Don't worry. 100% cure possible. Fungal infection or Ring worm. When occurs in groin, called as jock itch. Usually fungal infection is common in moist areas of body like skin folds. It's mostly circular or round in appearance. May be red or black in colour. Treatment depending on the type and severity. Avoid sharing clothes, towels and soap; sweating also increases it. As it has to be differentiated from eczema and infection, its a must to see and confirm the diagnosis for proper treatment. So, please send photos of the affected area by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Fungal Infection
Hello friends!

I am Dr. Umesh Bilewar, consultant dermatologist and hair transplant surgeon from Ozone Care Clinic, Seawoods. As rainy season is here, I am here to talk about most common problem of rainy season that is fungal infection. This is known by different names. So why it is happening? Why it is there? Actually most important factor in case of fungal infection is moisture. You must have seen fungus growing on damp walls. You might have seen fungus growing on breads which are staying outside for few days because those catch moisture actually. In human body there are certain areas which are moisture prone like groin area because of sweating and another another skinfold which are prone for moisture.

These moisture prone areas tends to grow few fungal elements and in rainy season it is more because our clothes tends to get more wet often. We tend to wear damp clothes actually. So because of these factors and because of overall damp environment we have more amount of fungal infections in this season. What to do about it? The most important factor is to take care of the moisture part. You have to make sure that things are dry at all these places. We have to make sure that you are wearing dry clothes only. Second thing is treat fungal infection to the earliest.

Don't wait for it to progress further. Third important thing is don't self medicate yourself. Don't buy medicine on your own from pharmacy because most of those contains steroids and if you apply those you will get a temporary relief but what's going to happen is after sometime as soon as you stop the medication the fungus is going to grow further and it will increase in the size and it will increase in severity and if you continue these medicine for longer duration of time it is going to have side effects like stretch marks. Fungus can become less responsive to medication and all.

So it is very important that you should not self medicate. 4th important thing is consult a proper dermatologist having a proper recognised degree. Another important thing is you should take proper course prescribed by your Dermatologist. don't leave the course in between that will also need to recurrence of the fungal infection. That may also lead to the resistance of the fungus. Take care this rainy season. This is Dr. Umesh signing off. For further information you can contact us on our website.

Thank you!
Play video
Computer Vision Syndrome
Hello everybody, I am Dr Charu Tyagi. Today I will talk about Computer vision syndrome.

Computer has become part and parcel of our life. We are spending lot many hours on the screens. The screens are associated with some eye problems. Patients who have eye pain, redness, watery eyes, blury vision, headache often associated with long hours on computer. They are classified as Computer Vision Syndrome. So, we would like you to be spending time but have a mix and match activity when you are working on computers. Take time for breaks and look at distances.

People who have tendency to stare, who do not blink well, (we are suppose to blink 16-18 times in a minute), and who are in the AC atmosphere are more prone to Computer Vision Syndrome. Not wearing glasses is one of the important factors for headache and strain.

Basic Tips:

People are adviced to blink 16-18 times in a minute.
Maintain a good posture
When feel tired, do palming
Wash eyes
Have proper hydration
Follow the rule 20-20-20, which means that after every 20 minutes look at 20 feet or more and blink 20 times.
Have your computer set 15 degrees and below your eye level. No bright light should be behind the computer
Maximum contrast and minimum brightness in the computer setting
Have anti-glare on your computer and anti-glare on your glasses.
Proper lighting should be there above for proper vision and to avoid strain.
Do not rub your eyes frequently as keyboards are the source of infection.
Do not over wear your contact lenses as they can cause dryness in your eyes.
Avoid kajal and soorma which are not very good for your eyes.
If you see that your symptoms are not improving then you need to see an eye specialist for the complete eye examination.

Thank you.
Play video
Vaginal Hygiene
How to maintain Vaginal hygiene?

Hello I am anuradha from dr amar colony market today we are going to discuss about the vaginal and the genital hygiene. As now days vaginal and urinary infections are very very common, so first of all I will tell about how to wash the vaginal area. Vaginal area should be cleaned once in a day during bathing not so frequently, so we should wash the area with soap . Whatever we are using only once and should be gently rubbed and not harshly rubbed again and again. And we should avoid the soap or whatever we are using inside the vagina it should be applied only outside and specially we should take care that we are washing this area after urinating or bathing from front to behind we should never use a jet or whatever water we are using from anus to the front.

As there are different bacteria in both the areas which can cause infection. And after cleaning this area you should pat dry the area completely to avoid infection. the vagina has normal healthy bacteria which may be disrupted by these things by washing so frequently or by using so much soap, it gets disrupted which can allow the infectious bacteria to grow there . so you should avoid these things to maintain the vaginal and genital hygiene also you should take care that you are drinking lots of water during whole day as now a days there are many chances of urinary infection about wearing clothes you should , preferably wear cotton undergarments specially white in color so that you should come to know that it is clean or not, and you should avoid tight clothes and clothes which are made of nylon or synthetic cloths.

You should change these clothing frequently if you doing any strenuous exercise or after any stannous work you should change the clothing as it causes sweat and infection. during menses we should take care that it is cleaned frequently and you should change the pads frequently as it causes infection and better to avoid tampons which is inserted may hygienically or unhygenicaly it may cause infection , so its better not to use tampons and use pads which should be changed frequently .

This was for today and if you want to know more you can contact me through lybrate at amar colony market .
Play video
Cosmetic Rehabilitation of Disfigured Eyes
Hi, I m Dr Hrishikesh Tadwalkar, and I m the consultant of oculoplastic surgery or also known as eye plastic. In this speciality, I look after the diseases of an eyelid, the lachrymal system or the tear drainage system, and orbital diseases, i.e, the diseases pertaining to the muscles and other soft tissues which are behind the eye and also the bones which surround the eye.

Today I would like to speak about a very important condition that we handle in this department, and that is the cosmetic rehabilitation of disfigured eyes. Eyes get disfigured or they get damaged, they lose vision due to many conditions. Be it some tumours inside the eye for which the eyes have to be removed, or more commonly during injuries like road traffic accidents or other injuries like assault or chemical injuries like acid or alkali burns.

When we look at a person while interacting, we look at the eye, and therefore it is very important to have a normal appearance in both eyes. If unfortunately, vision cannot be restored in an eye, still, the cosmetic appearance need to be restored to give the patient both psychological confidence, as well as an ability to move about in society with confidence. In this particular condition, we try to customize the treatment, because every person comes with different diseases. We first evaluate it thoroughly and then discuss with the patients about the various treatment options that are available in terms of surgery. The types of implants that are choices available that we can put, and lastly, what kind of surgery will we be undergoing. Once this is decided, the patient undergoes the surgery.

There are different types of surgery like Evisceration, Exenteration, Enucleation, etc. But surgery is only half the part of this treatment. After the surgery, the post-operation period, the patient is carefully monitored for wound healing. And once the wound is healed, which takes about six to eight weeks.

The second part, or even more important part, is fitting with an artificial prosthesis. At our Institute, we have a complete full-fledged custom made artificial eye fitting prosthetic center, where step wise the socket is assessed for the size and various models are made of the artificial eye which are then fitted to the patient and then hand painted to match the other eye. Once this artificial eye is fabricated, the patient is taught in a detailed manner how to wear it, how to take care of it, how to clean it, and then the patient is given instructions as to what medicines are to be put. In this way, we make sure that the patients are satisfied with the appearance. This and many more conditions are treated in such detailed manner at our Institute.

If you have any questions or if you have any queries, or if you have a patient who needs to consult, then please get in touch with me through Lybrate.com. Thank you.
Play video
Itching, Infections, Phimosis, Paraphimosis
Phimosis is a condition in which the foreskin can t be retracted (pulled back) from around the tip of the penis.Young boys may not need treatment for phimosis unless it makes urinating difficult or causes other symptoms. There are some important steps one must take to keep their reproductive organs clean in order to avoid any itching or infections.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice