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Eczema - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Eczema is a medical condition which is characterized by rough, cracked, red, itchy and inflamed patches of skin. Sometimes blisters can also occur. Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis.

Eczema facts:

  • Eczema affects the skin functions due to genetic factors, irritated skin, bacterial infection and nutrient deficiencies.
  • Foods such as like dairy products and nuts can also trigger eczema symptoms.
  • It can sometimes also be triggered by environment factors like pollen ad smoke.
  • The treatments usually focuses on treating damaged skin and reducing the symptoms of eczema
  • For many people eczema usually disappears but for others it can last lifelong.

What causes eczema?

The exact cause of eczema is still not known but studies suggest that it occurs due to the combination of genetic (hereditary) and environmental factors. Children are prone in developing eczema if both or one of the parent has atopic disease. Other causes of eczema include:

  • Irritants- Juices, disinfectants, shampoos, detergents, soaps and juices from vegetables, meats and fresh fruits.
  • Allergens- Dandruff, mold, pollens, pets and dust mites.
  • Microbes- Some bacteria like ‘Staphylococcus aureus’ or certain fungi and virus.
  • Cold and hot temperatures- Perspiration from exercise, high low humidity and hot weather can also irritate the skin and trigger eczema.
  • Foods- Certain foods like wheat, soy products, seeds, nuts, eggs and dairy products can also trigger eczema.
  • Stress- Usually stress can worsen the symptoms of eczema.
  • Hormones- Women who have eczema usually experience worsening of the symptoms during menstruation and pregnancy. This usually happens when the hormones level start fluctuating.

Types of eczema:

  • Allergic contact dermatitis (eczema)- A skin reaction which occurs with contact to a foreign substance.
  • Contact eczema- This occurs when the skin comes into contact with a certain allergen.
  • Dyshidrotic eczema- Irritation of the skin on the soles of the feet and palms and is characterized by tiny blisters.
  • Neurodermatitis- Scaly and itchy patches on the lower legs, wrists, forearms and hands.
  • Nummular eczema- Circular patches which are itchy, scaly and crusty.
  • Seborrheic eczema- yellowish, scaly and oily ptches of skin occur on the face and scalp.
  • Stasis dermatitis- This disorder is usually related to circulatory problems and is characterized by skin irritation on the lower legs.


Eczema is usually diagnosed by a dermatologist. He/she can recommend patch testing, skin prick testing and supervised food challenges.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread by sexual or direct blood contact
Itching. Elevated plaques of red, bumpy skin.

Popular Health Tips

Fighting Eczema With Homeopathy

BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Kolhapur
Fighting Eczema With Homeopathy
A skin inflammation, eczema, also known as atopic eczema, refers to the changes that occur in the upper skin layer. These skin changes can be thickened and cracked skin, skin redness, crusting of the affected area and swollen raw skin, among others. The exact cause of this skin condition is not yet known but a mix of factors have been found to be behind this health problem. Eczema can be treated in many ways, but opting for homeopathy treatment proves to be most beneficial. This mostly happens as homeopathy mostly considers that each person is unique and should be given treatment specific to his/her health needs and addresses the problem accordingly. Here are some of the advantages of using homeopathy treatment for eradicating eczema: 1. Excellent for eliminating chronic conditions - Homeopathic medicines prove to be excellent in treating chronic diseases whose symptoms have been recurring over the years. We often find that the cause of an allergy is a hyperactive immune response of our body. In Homoeopathy, instead of treating the symptoms of allergy, we try to treat the very basic cause of the problem and set right the immune system. Once the immunity is in order and stops over reacting to ordinary stimuli, the allergy is cured and so are the symptoms of eczema. This is where Homeopathy has an edge over other branches of medicine. Homeopathy treatment of eczema does not believe in suppressing the disease, but curing the disease from its root cause, thereby causing permanent cures. 2. Doesn't have any negative impact on your immunity - Unlike allopathic drugs, homeopathic medicines don't harm the immune system of your body. They have a gentle effect on your body. In addition to this, these medicines are responsible for stimulation of your body's self-healing mechanism, which adds to its efficacy against diseases like eczema. 3. Provides long term cure - Traditional homeopathy effectively provides relief from conditions and prevents them from coming back. The approach of treatment followed by homeopathy is to provide remedies matching an individual's physical, emotional, genetic and medical conditions rather than providing a common treatment for a specific set of symptoms. This approach effectively works on many skin conditions like eczema and starts showing visible results within a few weeks. More importantly, it ensures that you don't experience the symptoms again.

5 Skin Problems That Ayurveda Can Treat Real Quick!

Dr. Aparna Kulkarni 88% (109 ratings)
MD - Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bangalore
5 Skin Problems That Ayurveda Can Treat Real Quick!
The skin is the largest external organ as well as the largest organ in general in the human body. There are many types of skin diseases that can afflict your body and they may appear anywhere. Ayurveda is a potent weapon which can be used to treat many skin diseases effectively. The natural remedies of Ayurveda are being increasingly adopted throughout the world. Let's take a look at a few of the skin diseases that can be easily cured by Ayurveda: Eczema: One of the most common types of skin diseases, eczema is characterized by the reactions that the skin has. These reactions can manifest themselves in many forms. The most common reaction is swelling of the skin with redness. Other forms may also develop blisters, cracking of the skin, scaling or papules. Scaly rashes: Scientifically known as Papulosquamous Eruptions, scaly rashes are usually the result of itching which in itself is a reaction to some internal or external factors. These rashes can be mild to severely painful depending on what had caused them. Some factors behind these may be eczema, reaction to drugs, psoriasis and others. Urticaria: These rashes differ from other ones as they persist for a short period of time and usually result in swellings on the skin. These swellings may be very sensitive and itchy. Some common examples of Urticaria are Nettle rashes and hives that may develop due to an external factor such as bug bites. Psoriasis: Ayurveda has great treatments for this disease as its incidence within the population is quite high. This is a non-infectious skin condition where inflammation occurs in the affected parts of the skin and reddish scales form on the body. This problem is usually attributed to excessive cells within the body. Pruritus or itching: Another very common skin affliction which can be caused by a variety of factors, it can be a reaction to something external or be caused by internal issues that may be developing. Mostly caused by the reaction of external nerve endings they may become very painful if over stimulated. Ayurveda has many remedies for all of the ailments mentioned above along with many other skin disorders and has gained popularity as it completely natural and devoid of side effects encountered with conventional medicine. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a ayurveda and ask a free question.
2 people found this helpful


Homeopath, Mumbai
Eczema is term for a group of medical conditions that cause the skin to become inflamed or irritated. It is used with the term "Dermatitis" which means superficial inflammation of the skin that can be acute, chronic and recurring; can have a number of causes.
2 people found this helpful

Common Gastric Problems And Treatment With Homeopathy

Dr. Jagmati 88% (16 ratings)
Homeopath, Delhi
Common gastric problems and their homeopathy management 1. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd)- you may feel a burning pain in the middle of your chest. It often occurs after meals or at night. 2. Celiac disease celiac disease is a serious sensitivity to gluten, which is a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley. Eat gluten, and your immune system goes on the attack: it damages your villi, the finger-like protrusions in your small intestines that help you absorb nutrients from the foods you eat. Symptoms of celiac disease in children include abdominal pain and bloating, diarrhea, constipation, vomiting, and weight loss. Symptoms in adults can also include anemia, fatigue, bone loss, depression. Common alternatives to gluten include brown rice, quinoa, lentils, soy flour, corn flour, and amaranth. 3. Crohn s disease Crohn s disease is part of a group of digestive conditions called inflammatory bowel disease (ibd). Crohn s most commonly affects the terminal ileum, which connects the end of the small bowel and the beginning of the colon, but it can affect any part of the digestive tract. Doctors aren't sure what causes the disease, but it's thought that genetics and family history may play a part. The most common crohn's symptoms are abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, weight loss, and fever. 4. Irritable bowel syndroms You can be constipated or have diarrhea, or have hard, dry stools on one day and loose watery stools on another. Bloating is also a symptom of ibs. What causes ibs isn t known, but treatment of symptoms centers largely on diet, such as eating low-fat, high-fiber meals or avoiding common trigger foods. 5. Hemorrhoids Bright red blood in the toilet bowl when you move your bowels could be a sign of hemorrhoids, which is a very common condition. I Hemorrhoids are an inflammation of the blood vessels at the end of your digestive tract. They can be painful and itchy. Causes include chronic constipation, diarrhea, straining during bowel movements, and a lack of fiber in your diet. 6. Anal fissure Anal fissures are tiny, oval-shaped tears in the lining of the very end of your digestive tract called your anus. The symptoms are similar to those of hemorrhoids, such as bleeding and pain after moving your bowels. Straining and hard bowel movements can cause fissures, but so can soft stools and diarrhea Homeopathy medicines acts best in these cases, medicines has to be given based totality of symptoms, after proper case history taking.
2 people found this helpful

Eczema - How You Can Prevent Its Flare-ups?

Dr. Satish Titoria 84% (10 ratings)
Dermatologist, Noida
Eczema - How You Can Prevent Its Flare-ups?
Are you experiencing skin itchiness and development of dry, scaly rashes on your skin? This indicates you have eczema, which is a group of skin diseases occurring due to the inflammation and irritation of skin. Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema. The disease can be controlled if proper treatment is undertaken. Symptoms Itchy skin is the most common symptom of eczema. In some cases, the itching starts before the development of the rash. The rash appears most commonly on the back of the knees, face, hands, wrists and feet. The affected areas become dry and thickened and in people with a fair complexion, the areas may turn reddish initially and then become brown. Causes The specific cause of eczema is yet to be determined. However, the condition is associated with an overactive response by the immune system to an external irritant. This response leads to eczema. The condition is more common in people who have a family history of allergies or asthma. Treatment As the condition turns the skin dry and itchy, certain creams and lotions are recommended to be used in order to keep the skin moist. You should apply these products when your skin is damp, ideally after taking a shower. This helps the skin in retaining moisture. You can use a cold compress to ease the itching. Several creams such as hydrocortisone cream and ointments which contain corticosteroids are prescribed in order to reduce inflammation. In case the affected area becomes infected, antibiotics should be taken to eliminate the infection-causing bacteria. Antihistamines are used for reducing the severity of the itching. Prevention of Eczema Flare-ups Moisturize your skin frequently Avoid sudden changes in humidity or temperature Abstain from overheating and sweating Try to reduce stress Avoid starchy material Avoid soaps, detergents and solvents, which are harsh Be aware of food items which trigger eczema flare-ups It is recommended for you to consult a dermatologist if you experience any symptom of eczema. This will help you with a quick diagnosis so that you can start the treatment without further worsening of the symptoms.
3467 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering from eczema in my feet and ankle areas and have severe discolouration and itching. Can you please help 54 years old female non diabetic.

Dr. Vishesh Sareen 89% (10614 ratings)
Homeopath, Chandigarh
Dear lybrate-user There r so many causes of eczema like Harsh soaps and detergents. Overwashing of skin. Solvents. Low humidity. Lotions. Rough wool clothing.. Sweating. Occlusive rubber or plastic gloves. Rubbing. Staphylococcus bacteria. Repeated wetting and drying of the skin (as occurs with food handling or other professions requiring frequent hand washing) While food allergies are implicated as triggers in some patients, there is no dietary restriction or recommendation which is universally helpful. So I need more details for proper homeo treatment for proper medication. You may call back for online chat and treatment.
1 person found this helpful

Mujhe betnovate-n ka habbit ho gya hai. Use nahi karne pe skin red ho jata hai. How to protect my skin betnovate-n reaction. Please give my ans in Hindi.

Dr. Narasimhalu C.R.V. 97% (41023 ratings)
Dermatologist, Chennai
Stop it. Will cause cancer on long term medicine. Fungal infection. Also called jock itch, when occurs in groin. Usually fungal infection is common in moist areas of body like skin folds. It's mostly circular or round in appearance. May be red or black in colour. Treatment depending on the type and severity. Avoid sharing clothes, towels and soap; sweating also increases it. As it has to be differentiated from eczema, bacterial and viral infection, doctor need to see to confirm the diagnosis. So, meet me in my clinic or do direct online consultation by sending photos for detailed information and medicine for treatment.

I have skin problem from last 4 to 5 month approx. I think this was Eczema problem in underarms, back & private part. Please suggest what can I do for resolve this problem asap Thanks.

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 97% (19753 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hello, •Tk, plenty of water to hydrate your body making your skin more flexible. •Go for meditation to reduce your stress inorder to nourish your body and skin. •your diet be easily digestible on time to check gastric disorder that triggers skin disorder. • Tk, Nuts,nutrition nuggets. Kiwifruit,Orange, yellow, red and green, beta-carotene. Tk, homoeopathic medicine:@ AzadirechtaQ -10 drops, thrice with little water, dly. Avoid, junkfood, alcohol and Nicotine, please. Tk, care.

Suffring from hyperkeratotic eczema on hands and feet from Long time. Need permanent treatment.

Dr. Priyal Singhal 91% (143 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Dermatology, Venerology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mohali
Hi I can understand your concern as per your complaints it seems she has severe palmar planter keratoderma it can be cured with the help of various ointmnets containing keratolytic medications the treatment depends on the type and the extent of the problem kindly send the pictures of the affected area on my personal page to suggest you the best and most appropriate medication for your mother hope this helps regards.

Doxycycline and Lactic Acid Bacillus Capsule can be used for treating the skin disease Eczema.

Dr. Shaurya Rohatgi 91% (5342 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mumbai
No it is not useful for eczema. Please send photos using online consult option for proper examination diagnosis and treatment.

Health Quizzes

Eczema - How can the condition be controlled?

Dr. Sajjan R. Agarwal 85% (10 ratings)
MD - Skin
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Various types of creams and lotions are useful in the treatment of eczema. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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608 people took this quiz

Eczema - How To Manage It With Homeopathy?

Dr. Amruta Shriganesh Deshmukh 89% (560 ratings)
Homeopath, Solapur
Homeopathy medicines for eczema should not be taken without medical consultation. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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64 people took this quiz

Understanding Your Skin Type

Dr. Archhana Gullur 91% (97 ratings)
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Your age should determine the skin products you use. True or False. Attempt the quiz to know now.
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8205 people took this quiz

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