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Overview

Eczema - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Eczema is a medical condition which is characterized by rough, cracked, red, itchy and inflamed patches of skin. Sometimes blisters can also occur. Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis.

Eczema facts:

  • Eczema affects the skin functions due to genetic factors, irritated skin, bacterial infection and nutrient deficiencies.
  • Foods such as like dairy products and nuts can also trigger eczema symptoms.
  • It can sometimes also be triggered by environment factors like pollen ad smoke.
  • The treatments usually focuses on treating damaged skin and reducing the symptoms of eczema
  • For many people eczema usually disappears but for others it can last lifelong.

What causes eczema?

The exact cause of eczema is still not known but studies suggest that it occurs due to the combination of genetic (hereditary) and environmental factors. Children are prone in developing eczema if both or one of the parent has atopic disease. Other causes of eczema include:

  • Irritants- Juices, disinfectants, shampoos, detergents, soaps and juices from vegetables, meats and fresh fruits.
  • Allergens- Dandruff, mold, pollens, pets and dust mites.
  • Microbes- Some bacteria like ‘Staphylococcus aureus’ or certain fungi and virus.
  • Cold and hot temperatures- Perspiration from exercise, high low humidity and hot weather can also irritate the skin and trigger eczema.
  • Foods- Certain foods like wheat, soy products, seeds, nuts, eggs and dairy products can also trigger eczema.
  • Stress- Usually stress can worsen the symptoms of eczema.
  • Hormones- Women who have eczema usually experience worsening of the symptoms during menstruation and pregnancy. This usually happens when the hormones level start fluctuating.

Types of eczema:

  • Allergic contact dermatitis (eczema)- A skin reaction which occurs with contact to a foreign substance.
  • Contact eczema- This occurs when the skin comes into contact with a certain allergen.
  • Dyshidrotic eczema- Irritation of the skin on the soles of the feet and palms and is characterized by tiny blisters.
  • Neurodermatitis- Scaly and itchy patches on the lower legs, wrists, forearms and hands.
  • Nummular eczema- Circular patches which are itchy, scaly and crusty.
  • Seborrheic eczema- yellowish, scaly and oily ptches of skin occur on the face and scalp.
  • Stasis dermatitis- This disorder is usually related to circulatory problems and is characterized by skin irritation on the lower legs.

Diagnoses:

Eczema is usually diagnosed by a dermatologist. He/she can recommend patch testing, skin prick testing and supervised food challenges.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread by sexual or direct blood contact
Symptoms
Itching. Elevated plaques of red, bumpy skin.

Popular Health Tips

Skin Problems - Is Dandruff the Cause?

Dr. Meenakshi Jagwani 86% (44 ratings)
MBBS, DVD
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Skin Problems - Is Dandruff the Cause?
Dandruff or seborrhea refers to the flaky condition of your skin or scalp caused primarily due to fungus. It is a very common problem for young adults and middle aged people but can happen to any person regardless of age. Dandruff itself being an embarrassing problem, can also sometimes lead to other skin problems. The following are a few skin problems that can crop up due to dandruff- Can cause pimples: If dandruff or the white flakes fall on your T-zone region very often, then it may lead to the break out of pimples on your skin. May result in pigmentation: The pimples which can happen due to dandruff can further lead to the problem of pigmentation. This condition leads to the appearance of unwanted black spots all over your face. Trigger eczema: Dandruff makes skin problems like eczema and psoriasis even worse. Eczema and psoriasis which causes itching of the skin can get severe due to dandruff. Rashes are also a possibility: Facial rashes can also develop due to dandruff. Often areas around the eyebrows, nose and ears get affected. Sometimes, in case of men, beard rashes also pop up. Chest rashes: Dandruff often falls all over your body.This can lead to the problem of chest rashes. This condition results in the appearance of red spots all around your chest region. Dandruff can be a very distressing problem. If your skin type is oily, dandruff can make conditions far worse. Dandruff is such a problem that cannot be completely cured but can only be controlled. So, it is highly advisable to take preventive measures as soon as it is detected to avoid further problems.
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Eczema: What It Is and How Can You Prevent It!

Dr. Arshi Rahul 87% (17 ratings)
Diploma In Skin Aesthetics, BHMS, Certificate Course in Skin & Vinereal Disease
Aesthetic Medicine Specialist, Pune
Eczema: What It Is and How Can You Prevent It!
What Causes Eczema? Ways to Prevent Eczema Outbreaks A skin inflammation, eczema, also known as atopic eczema, refers to the changes that occur in the upper skin layer. These skin changes can be thickened and cracked skin, skin redness, crusting of the affected area and swollen raw skin, among others. The exact cause of this skin condition is not yet known but a mix of factors have been found to be behind this health problem. CAUSES : The factors that play a role in causing eczema are: Dry skin brings down your skin's ability to fend off irritants as well as allergy causing substances from entering your skin, resulting in an inflammatory condition. Genetics is also one of the factors that may affect the proper functioning of your skin as a barrier against harmful substances. Therefore, if either one of the parent or both suffers from the condition, it is very likely that their children too will suffer from it. Abnormal functioning of your body's immune system can also lead to this skin condition. This is because it's your body's immune system that fights off infections as well as harmful intruders. The presence of the bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus, which brings about sweat buildup, inflames the skin considerably, leading to this condition. Even environmental factors like pollen, cigarette smoke lead to the flaring of eczema. How can you prevent an eczema outbreak? It is very common for this skin condition to flare-up from time to time. But you can avoid such outbreaks or reduce their severity by following these very simple ways: Keep your skin well-moisturized so that it doesn't dry out causing further irritation. Sudden changes in temperature can cause the skin condition to break out. So, when the weather is hot, keep yourself cool but during cold weather, use a humidifier to prevent the skin from drying out. Keep sweating in check as it can cause an outbreak very easily. Avoid the use of harsh detergents and soaps, woolen materials as well as the consumption of foods that may lead to flare-ups.
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Scalp Peeling - Did You Know It Can Be Of 3 Different Types?

Dermatologist
Dermatologist, Delhi
Scalp Peeling - Did You Know It Can Be Of 3 Different Types?
Eczema of the scalp, which results in itching, flaking, or crusting of the scalp, is called scalp peeling or is commonly referred to as dandruff . This condition causes increased shedding of normal scalp skin cells. Dandruff may also be caused by a fungal infection, other than just dehydration of the scalp. The causes of an extremely dry scalp, thereby causing dandruff or even bigger flakes falling from the head onto shoulders and clothes, may be due to scalp psoriasis, eczema, poor nutrition, generalized dehydration, exposure to too much direct heat, and using too much of shampoo. The three types of dandruff that need to be treated are those resulting from fungal growth, dry scalp and the one resulting from product build-up. Fungal growth: This kind of dandruff is a chronic condition, caused by increased oil content on the scalp or an off-balance pH of the scalp. It may also be due to poor cleansing habits, or even an allergic reaction to the hair products one uses. Try switching shampoos, conditioners, or styling products to sulfate-free formulas to cure this condition. Dry scalp: Sometimes, the skin of the scalp is literally so parched and dry that it is flaky and falls away like snakeskin. People with this kind of dandruff usually have drier hair and notice a tightness in their scalp. To treat dry-scalp dandruff, it is wise to indulge one s hair with moisturizing and hydrating shampoos, cut down on or space out harsh chemical treatments like relaxers, permanents, or dyes, and take in more moisture from the inside - drink at least 8 eight-ounce glasses of water a day, and your skin (including your scalp) will show you results that you want. Eliminating sulfates from your shampoos or other hair care products will also help with dry scalp, since these ingredients help strip away natural oils. Brushing hair or massaging the scalp - either with bare fingertips or a few drops of oil - is another great treatment, since massage helps stimulate circulation and bring blood, nutrients, and oxygen to the scalp and hair. Product buildup: The most common type of dandruff is due to product buildup. This is what happens when people with otherwise healthy manes and scalps use too many styling products, such as layering gels, hair serum, hairspray, wrap lotions, scalp oils, heat-protecting serum, and so on. Dandruff caused by product buildup usually looks more like small clumps or balls of dirt. It may have a brownish color, since all those products attract and trap plenty of dirt and sweat. Product-buildup dandruff also tends to appear sporadically, only when hair is in need of a wash, whereas other types of dandruff show up more quickly and regularly. To treat this kind of dandruff, one should wash hair more often or simply aim for using minimum chemical-rich hair products.
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Homeopathic Treatment For Eczema!

Dr. Sangeeta Chopra 90% (10 ratings)
BHMS, PG Diploma in Psychological Counselling
Homeopath, Gurgaon
Homeopathic Treatment For Eczema!
Eczema is the common term for the skin condition known as Dermatitis, which is characterized by inflammation of the skin. There are various reasons behind eczema but the most common one is allergy. The skin condition is known to be triggered by some underlying allergy. Other factors include genetics and a weak immune system. A weak immune system tends to overreact while dealing with an allergy. This overreaction leads to eczema or dermatitis. Symptoms: The symptoms of eczema include redness of skin, constant itching of the affected areas, scaling and thickening of the affected area. In most cases, the itching becomes so intense that the patient continues to scratch the skin until it starts to bleed. In more extreme cases of eczema, a thick leathery covering is formed over the skin or sometimes, the affected areas start to ooze. But this happens only when the condition remains untreated for a long time, so no need to worry. Role of Homeopathy in Curing Eczema: In most cases of eczema or dermatitis, the patients usually go for a skin specialist, who prescribes a combination of skin ointments or creams and a course of medicines to contain the itch and treat the underlying allergy that causes the skin condition in the first place. However, such course of treatment focuses on containing the problem and making it manageable, rather than curing it completely. Now, the homeopathic line of treatment focuses on curing the problem at its roots rather than temporarily suppressing it, only to erupt at a later date. The main cause behind the onset of eczema is an overreacting immune system. Homeopathic treatment focuses on curing the problems in the immune system by strengthening it, rather than suppressing the symptoms. In Homeopathy, the stress is on improving the poor or the weak immune system. Allergy is the manifestation of a hyperactive immunity. Therefore instead of just treating the symptoms of the allergy, Homeopathy goes to the very basic cause of the problem and sets right the immune system. Once the immunity is in order and stops over reacting to ordinary stimuli, the allergy is cured. This is where Homeopathy has an edge over Allopathy. During Homeopathy treatment of eczema, allergy is cured by strengthening the immune system and the symptoms subside on their own. At the same time, it needs to be understood that this is purely natural eczema treatment. No steroids or anti allergic medicines are used. The immunity is strengthened by Homeopathy instead of being suppressed as happens with allopathic treatment. Some common homeopathic medicines used to cure eczema or dermatitis include: 1. Graphites 2. Hepar Sulph 3. Sulphur 4. Mezereum 5. Dulcamara
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5 Homeopathic Medicines To Treat Eczema!

Dr. Anand Dhoot 92% (142 ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy, m.s counselling and psycotherapy
Homeopath, Hyderabad
5 Homeopathic Medicines To Treat Eczema!
Eczema is the common term for the skin condition known as Dermatitis, which is characterized by inflammation of the skin. There are various reasons behind eczema but the most common one is allergy. The skin condition is known to be triggered by some underlying allergy. Other factors include genetics and a weak immune system. A weak immune system tends to overreact while dealing with an allergy. This overreaction leads to eczema or dermatitis. Symptoms: The symptoms of eczema include redness of skin, constant itching of the affected areas, scaling and thickening of the affected area. In most cases, the itching becomes so intense that the patient continues to scratch the skin until it starts to bleed. In more extreme cases of eczema, a thick leathery covering is formed over the skin or sometimes, the affected areas start to ooze. But this happens only when the condition remains untreated for a long time, so no need to worry. Role of Homeopathy in Curing Eczema: In most cases of eczema or dermatitis, the patients usually go for a skin specialist, who prescribes a combination of skin ointments or creams and a course of medicines to contain the itch and treat the underlying allergy that causes the skin condition in the first place. However, such course of treatment focuses on containing the problem and making it manageable, rather than curing it completely. Now, the homeopathic line of treatment focuses on curing the problem at its roots rather than temporarily suppressing it, only to erupt at a later date. The main cause behind the onset of eczema is an overreacting immune system. Homeopathic treatment focuses on curing the problems in the immune system by strengthening it, rather than suppressing the symptoms. In Homeopathy, the stress is on improving the poor or the weak immune system. Allergy is the manifestation of a hyperactive immunity. Therefore instead of just treating the symptoms of the allergy, Homeopathy goes to the very basic cause of the problem and sets right the immune system. Once the immunity is in order and stops over reacting to ordinary stimuli, the allergy is cured. This is where Homeopathy has an edge over Allopathy. During Homeopathy treatment of eczema, allergy is cured by strengthening the immune system and the symptoms subside on their own. At the same time, it needs to be understood that this is purely natural eczema treatment. No steroids or anti allergic medicines are used. The immunity is strengthened by Homeopathy instead of being suppressed as happens with allopathic treatment. Some common homeopathic medicines used to cure eczema or dermatitis include: 1. Graphites 2. Hepar Sulph 3. Sulphur 4. Mezereum 5. Dulcamara
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Popular Questions & Answers

I am 19 years old and I have red itchy scrotum and after doing salt bath it burns and it is reaching readiness to pennis and I want some prescription and ointments it looks like to me an scrotum enczme I really don't is it or not you tell me it is from past 2 days and now 3rd day I feel scaly smooth skin but itchy is still there but not as much as much as it was in 2nd day please tell me some prescription.

Dr. A.K. Khan 92% (345 ratings)
B.Sc (Bio), DMS (Cal), CMS , FWT, PET, DMLT (Cal), SBHM, Vacc,
Homeopath, Kolkata
Please follow my prescription. 1) Vaccininum -30.In no 30 globules. To be taken four globules thrice daily before food for 10 days and wait for 15 days, again start the given medicine, 2) Vaccininum -200 in no 30 globules, to be taken four globules twice daily before food for 7 days and wait for 15 days then result inform me for next medicine and follow up. Advise:- do not apply any cream or ointment, do not wash by soap, detergent, you my wash with chana besan (dust of gram) mix some termeric powder (jaldi dust ).If worryness you ma apply only coconut oil.

I am having elasma on the bridge of my nose since 1 year. I used allopathy (diprovate cream, doxt-sl tablets and hh salic cream. Consulted by a local dermatologist. It cleared but returned again in few days. I used homoeopathy since 12 days. I could only see very very slight change in it. Can not it be cured permanently? What are gods treatments or homoeopathy? please help.

Dr. Jyoti Goel 92% (6016 ratings)
MBBS, cc USG
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There are treatment options for melasma Kindly follow advises given below: 1. Use sunscreen before 20 minute going outside 2. Avoid stress 3. Healthy diet with lot of fruits and vegetables 4. Spot correctorof Artistry brand giving the best result which reduce spot about 50-80 % in 4-6 months.
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My hand and foot palm precipitate too much. As a student it creates lot of problem during writing. Help me.

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 96% (17212 ratings)
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Hello, Tk, homoeopathic medicine:@ Sulphur 1000-6 pills, weekly =4 doses only. Please report fortnightly. Go for meditation to reduce your stress in order to nourish your respiratory Gladstone to act properly. Your diet be easily digestible on time. Ensure sound sleep for 6/7 hours. Avoid, alcohol, junkfood & nicotine. Tk, care.

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Dr. Sandesh Gupta 89% (3826 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD)
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Avoid prolonged standing or sitting with legs down. Wear compression socks or stockings. Avoid and treat leg swelling. Apply emollients frequently and regularly to dry skin. Avoid soap; use water alone or non-soap cleansers when bathing. Please upload your pic for prescription.
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I have a skin problem and I don't know why my hand skin is brusts there is medicine for skin problem I think this problem name is eczema.

Dr. Ram Arora 91% (728 ratings)
MD- Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Ujjain
Khadirarist 20 Ml equal quantiy of leaukworm water purim tab 2-2 Twice in a day immupsora ointment for local application do yoga report to me after 20 days.

Health Quizzes

Understanding Your Skin Type

Dr. Archhana Gullur 92% (47 ratings)
MD, MBBS
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Your age should determine the skin products you use. True or False. Attempt the quiz to know now.
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