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Eczema - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Eczema is a medical condition which is characterized by rough, cracked, red, itchy and inflamed patches of skin. Sometimes blisters can also occur. Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis.

Eczema facts:

  • Eczema affects the skin functions due to genetic factors, irritated skin, bacterial infection and nutrient deficiencies.
  • Foods such as like dairy products and nuts can also trigger eczema symptoms.
  • It can sometimes also be triggered by environment factors like pollen ad smoke.
  • The treatments usually focuses on treating damaged skin and reducing the symptoms of eczema
  • For many people eczema usually disappears but for others it can last lifelong.

What causes eczema?

The exact cause of eczema is still not known but studies suggest that it occurs due to the combination of genetic (hereditary) and environmental factors. Children are prone in developing eczema if both or one of the parent has atopic disease. Other causes of eczema include:

  • Irritants- Juices, disinfectants, shampoos, detergents, soaps and juices from vegetables, meats and fresh fruits.
  • Allergens- Dandruff, mold, pollens, pets and dust mites.
  • Microbes- Some bacteria like ‘Staphylococcus aureus’ or certain fungi and virus.
  • Cold and hot temperatures- Perspiration from exercise, high low humidity and hot weather can also irritate the skin and trigger eczema.
  • Foods- Certain foods like wheat, soy products, seeds, nuts, eggs and dairy products can also trigger eczema.
  • Stress- Usually stress can worsen the symptoms of eczema.
  • Hormones- Women who have eczema usually experience worsening of the symptoms during menstruation and pregnancy. This usually happens when the hormones level start fluctuating.

Types of eczema:

  • Allergic contact dermatitis (eczema)- A skin reaction which occurs with contact to a foreign substance.
  • Contact eczema- This occurs when the skin comes into contact with a certain allergen.
  • Dyshidrotic eczema- Irritation of the skin on the soles of the feet and palms and is characterized by tiny blisters.
  • Neurodermatitis- Scaly and itchy patches on the lower legs, wrists, forearms and hands.
  • Nummular eczema- Circular patches which are itchy, scaly and crusty.
  • Seborrheic eczema- yellowish, scaly and oily ptches of skin occur on the face and scalp.
  • Stasis dermatitis- This disorder is usually related to circulatory problems and is characterized by skin irritation on the lower legs.


Eczema is usually diagnosed by a dermatologist. He/she can recommend patch testing, skin prick testing and supervised food challenges.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread by sexual or direct blood contact
Itching. Elevated plaques of red, bumpy skin.

Popular Health Tips

Can Ayurveda Help In Dealing With Eczema?

Dr. Vijeshwar Kumar Gupta 88% (10 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Moradabad
Can Ayurveda Help In Dealing With Eczema?
Is your skin looking swollen and feeling dry and itchy? If yes- you may be suffering from eczema. Eczema is a skin condition characterized by these symptoms along with redness. When scratched the skin may break and develop a rash. Children are more susceptible to this condition as compared to adults. Eczema is typically a recurrent infection. Treating it with conventional medication helps subdue the symptoms but does not reduce the risk of it recurring. In cases like this, Ayurveda is often the most preferred form of treatment. Ayurveda is a holistic form of medication that does not address only the symptoms that can be seen but addresses the root cause of the infection. It has negligible side effects and can be prescribed to children and adults. According to Ayurveda, eczema is also known as Vicharchika. This is caused by an imbalance in the immune system. Thus, in many cases, it may be accompanied by asthma, allergic hay fever etc. An unhealthy lifestyle with excessive late nights, stress, physical, mental and sexual activities can contribute towards this condition. In addition, consuming high amounts of alcohol, coffee, spicy or sour foods and stale foods can be responsible for eczema. All of these factors aggravate the pitta dosha and lead to the collection of ama or toxins under the skin. Thus, to treat eczema, it is essential to pacify the pitta dosha. The first step towards this is to have a healthy diet and lifestyle. Avoid oily and spicy food as well as tea, coffee, aerated drinks, and alcohol. Processed and preserved foods should also be avoided. In addition, try eating your meals on time and avoid late nights. Wear loose, cotton clothes that allow your skin to breathe. When bathing use mild, herbal soaps and a soft towel. Yoga asanas such as Bhujangasan and Pranayam can also help boost your immunity and reduce the ama in your body. This can also help reduce stress. In addition, there are certain ayurvedic home remedies that could be beneficial. Neem leaves are known for their antiseptic properties. Boil 20-30 leaves in 4-5 cups of water and wash the affected area with the cooled decoction. You could also apply a warm paste of 1 teaspoon licorice root powder and sesame oil on the affected part of your skin. This may be removed after 3-4 hours. Above all, avoid scratching the area and keep the skin well moisturized.
1 person found this helpful

Common Skin Ailments That Homeopathy Can Help You With!

Dr. Chandrakant Jain 86% (30 ratings)
BHMS, Post Graduate Diploma In Clinical Research (PGDCR)
Homeopath, Indore
Common Skin Ailments That Homeopathy Can Help You With!
The skin covers and protects all parts of the body. It is also most exposed to the outside world including the dust, pollution and other environmental pollutants. Smooth, healthy, glowing skin is what most of us desire, in addition to diet, lifestyle and stress produce various changes to the skin, which are just totally undesirable. In addition to the cosmetic effects, they also have a huge psychological bearing on a person. Imagine a person with acne-filled face, or a person with eczema on the hands, or a person with warts on the neck. They are obviously embarrassed and try to hide the affected part with clothing. Homeopathy believes that these skin conditions are not just due to environmental causes, but have a deep underlying health condition. Correcting that will help restore normal healthy skin and improve the overall personality and quality of life of a person. Acne, psoriasis, eczema, warts and urticaria are the most common skin ailment commonly seen. Let's know more about these skin disorder- Acne: Acne is a common skin disease that causes pimples. Pimples form when hair follicles under your skin clog up. Most pimples form on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders. Anyone can get acne, but it is common in teenagers and young adults. It is not serious, but it can cause scars. Psoriasis: Psoriasis is a noncontagious skin condition that produces plaques of thickened, scaling skin. The dry flakes of skin scales result from the excessively rapid proliferation of skin cells. The proliferation of skin cells is triggered by inflammatory chemicals produced by specialized white blood cells called lymphocytes. Psoriasis commonly affects the skin of the elbows, knees, and scalp. Eczema: Rather than a specific condition, eczema is a group of unrelated diseases that have a similar appearance. When it is new eczema, the affected skin appears red and elevated with small blisters (vesicles) containing a clear fluid. When the blisters break, the affected skin will weep and ooze. In older eczema, chronic eczema, the blisters are less prominent and the skin is thickened, elevated, and scaling. Eczema almost always is very itchy. Warts: Warts are raised bumps on your skin caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Wart viruses are contagious. Warts can spread by contact with the wart or something that touched the wart. Warts are often skin-colored and feel rough, but they can be dark (brown or gray-black), flat, and smooth. Urticaria: Hives, also known as urticaria, affects about 20 percent of people at some time during their lives. It can be triggered by many substances or situations and usually starts as an itchy patch of skin that turns into swollen red welts. The itching may be mild to severe. Scratching, alcoholic beverages, exercise and emotional stress may worsen the itching. However, there is a lot of overlap in terms of what homeopathic medications are used in each of these conditions. Most commonly used medicines are: Graphites: In patients with eruptions on the face, scalp, various joints, which are extremely itching, scaly, and dry, graphites is used. These people have dry hair with increased hair fall. Lycopodium: If the eruptions are dry and scaly, this can be used. Causticum: This is again widely used in treating warts, acne, and psoriasis. Calcarea: Eczema which covers the scalp and the face with white crusting, which is extremely itching especially in the morning. This is also useful in solitary warts which are round and hard. Sulphur: The sore skin has pustular eruptions. The scalp is dry but hot to the touch. There is a great tendency to scratch, especially at night. This is also the first choice to treat pustular acne, warts, and urticaria. It also helps in removing old scars from acne. A word of caution, it can cause exacerbation of symptoms, and this should not cause panic. Puslatilla: Acne is often associated with puberty, and in young girls, this is commonly used where there is an association with menstrual cycles. Antimonium crudum: This is widely used in warts that can be single or in groups, hard or smooth. There could be associated digestive issues and irritability. With treatment for most of these skin troubles, there would be a dramatic improvement in the person s mood before the actual skin problems improve. The person also would feel more motivated with higher energy levels. This is one of the major benefits of homeopathy, where not just the symptoms, but the person s overall quality of life improves without any known side effects.
1769 people found this helpful

Eczema - Benefits Of Treating It With Homeopathy!

Dr. Manish Panday 90% (15 ratings)
Homeopath, Varanasi
Eczema - Benefits Of Treating It With Homeopathy!
Eczema is a common chronic skin condition, which is characterized by skin inflammation and irritation. The most prevalent type of eczema is Atopic dermatitis. It is not a communicable disease and is usually caused, owing to immunological alterations within the body. The fundamental characteristic of homeopathy treatment is that it targets with respect to eczema: 1. Genetic components 2. Coping mechanism with sentimental triggers Major advantages of homeopathy include: 1. It treats the disturbances of immune system and treats the roots of this disease. 2. In most of the cases its effects are long lasting. 3. It is non-toxic and causes zero side effects. The following are effective homeopathic remedies to treat eczema: 1. Weeping type of eczema: Graphite is an effective homeopathic medication that treats the weeping type of eczema that usually occurs between fingers or toes, behind the ears and scalp. It provides effective relief from eczematous eruptions that discharge sticky fluid and eczema that develops on eyelids. 2. Dry eczema in knees joints and bents of elbow: Sepia officinalis is an ideal homeopathic remedy for eczema in knees and bends of elbow. It provides relief from severe scratching that occurs due to dry skin. 3. Excessive itching: Sulphur is a Natural Homeopathic medicine, which is considered one of the most effective remedies for eczema. It provides instant relief from burning sensation and excessive itching. It is also beneficial in the case of eczema that has worsened due to the indiscriminate usage of external ointments. 4. Gastric or urinary trouble: Lycopodium clavatum is an effective remedy for patients suffering from some sort of urinary or gastric trouble. It is also known to provide effective relief from severe itching and bleeding resulting from eczematous eruptions. It also provides relief in cases of deep fissures and hardening of skin.

Homeopathy And Eczema

Dr. Akanksha Tayal 93% (1928 ratings)
Homeopath, Delhi
ECZEMA OR DERMATITIS [ECZEMA] It is a chronic inflammatory condition of the skin causing a distinctive pattern of symptoms such as itching, scaling, thickening of skin and discoloration of skin. CAUSES: Heredity. Can be associated with asthma. Allergic dust mites, detergents, rubber, nickel plated jewellery. Stress physical or emotional. In babies diaper rash or napkin eczema is possible. SIGN AND SYMPTOMS: Intense itching. Dry thickened skin usually on wrists, face, knees, and elbows. Small eruptions and blisters that may ooze fluid. Occasional redness and scaling. Rash. Dry leathery skin areas. Skin is abnormally dark or light in color than the normal skin. Raw areas of the skin from scratching. DIETARY MANAGEMENT: Do not scratch especially with long nails. It may lead to secondary infection. Avoid foods you are allergic to. Avoid nickel plated jewellery, cosmetics, and other articles that give you skin complaints. Do not self medicate. DO: You can apply non-medicated ointments like petroleum jelly to soothe the irritation. Yoga will help to relax and de-stress yourself. When washing or bathing, use less soap than usual. After bathing, apply lubricating cream on the skin while it is damp. Avoid eggs, fish, peanuts and soy. Avoid dairy products, sugar, white flour, fried foods and processed foods. Avoid the excess fat from meat buy lean and preferably organic. Avoid sugar, gluten (wheat, barley, rye and oats) and raw eggs. Avoid soft drinks and oranges (if allergic to oranges). CONSUME: Drink plenty of water. Consume lots of fresh and raw fruits and vegetables. Eat healthy diet, including five portions of vegetables per day, brown rice, millet, oily fish and a little fruit (no oranges). Consume diet rich in vitamin A and zinc, helps in regeneration of the skin. Diet rich in vitamin A: Liver oils of fish, egg, milk and milk products, Yellow orange colored fruits and vegetables; green leafy vegetables are good source of - carotene. Foods rich in zinc: Shellfish, beef and other red meats, eggs and seafood, nuts, sea plants especially Japanese sea plants. Increase intake of vitamin C, it helps maintain healthy skin: Milk and milk products, citrus fruits, green vegetables Fruits and vegetables when fresh have maximum of vitamin C. Have coriander leaves frequently, its high in vitamin C and helps to maintain healthy skin. You can have 3-4 strands of saffron in milk, it is beneficial for skin. Basil leaves (tulsi) are said to be helpful in skin ailments, eat 3-4 fresh leaves daily. Breast feed your child; breast milk increases the immunity of your child and helps preventing eczema in future. CONSULT PHYSICIAN: In case of prolonged duration or change in rash pattern take physicians opinion immediately. If symptoms get worse or if you see any Signs of infection (fever, redness of the affected area, pain) occur, see your physician immediately.

Allergic Eczema - Ways You Can Contact It!

Dr. Jyoti 92% (144 ratings)
MBBS,, PG Diploma In Clinical Cosmetology (PGDCC), Diploma in Trichology - Cosmetology
Dermatologist, Patna
Allergic Eczema - Ways You Can Contact It!
Eczema is something which can really blight the quality of the life of a person. Sometimes, even the most mundane of things can cause our skin to have a reaction, resulting in allergic eczema. However, while it is annoying and painful, there are ways to go about treating it. It is quite important, though, to understand what exactly eczema is. Simply put, it is a condition which occurs when the skin of the person suffering from it is inflamed. Among the various groups of people who suffer from eczema, a lot of them are actually babies. However, they thankfully are able to grow out of the issue by the time they become adults. While it is true that eczema can strike any part of a person s body, among the places it strikes most often are the face, the neck and behind the sweat spots of the body i.e. the area behind the knees and around the ankles. What causes allergic eczema? Eczema is a lot of the time, a condition which is genetic. That being said, there are certain things which can go a long way into making it worse, which include stress and dry climates as well as external materials which irritate the skin touching it, like soaps which are just too strong. What are the Treatment Options? When it comes to things, which have the potential to make the situation a lot better, there is a group of medicines which are part of the antihistamine group which can work wonders. An interesting thing when it comes to the treatment of allergic eczema is the fact that a lot of the treatment for the issue involves a management of the inflammation that occurs along with an attempt to take better control and manage the immune system of the person who has eczema. Depending on the severity of eczema a person has, a possible course of treatment involves making use of corticosteroids, which are strictly a prescription based way to go about treating eczema. Keeping this in mind, it is of the highest importance to make sure that whenever the steroids are being taken by mouth, there is a full adherence to what the doctor has recommended or directed. As a last ditch resort, if the condition is really bad, there is a possibility of going for Ultra Violet Therapy in order to make it better. However, if one is looking for ways to reduce the intensity of their eczema sans higher doses of medication, stress management in something that can work well. In addition to this, a humidifier can do a lot to improve the situation.
4 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering from skin Eczema in both ankle and upper portion of leg. What should i do?

Dr. Pushpa K R 86% (302 ratings)
MD - (Dermatology & STD)
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Apply moisturizer liberally 3-4 times daily. Over the patches you will be needing topical steroid cream for short course. Followed by maintenance with calcipotriol or tacrolimus ointment for long time.

How treat eczema I have dry finger skin is cracked what treatment is fast and what medicine I take? Please advice

Dr. Pushpa K R 86% (302 ratings)
MD - (Dermatology & STD)
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Apply moisturizer 4 times daily. Over the patches apply steroid cream twice daily for 10-15 days. Once it resolves stop steroid but continue moisturizer usage regularly.

If I eat non veg even egg I get rashes and it will be itchy what is the reason, for this I take atarax tablet for relief. And on my legs I get itching and they turn into small wound what is it. Is it eczema. How eczema look like please explain me for both problems.

Dr. Rupinder Kaur Khaira 94% (89 ratings)
MD - Dermatology Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Ludhiana
Hi! The itching that occurs due to egg could be because you are allergic to egg protein. The allergies can present in different forms and so can eczemas. Food allergies generally cause intense itching, red raised itchy bumps, Swollen lips, difficulty breathing and so on. The eczema however presents with a rash followed by itching. It increases in cold weather and on dry skin. More common on legs and arms. Itching in eczema increases with sweating. Eczema can present with just dry skin that itches or red round rashes that have watery oozing. The presentation can be very variable. The treatment for allergies is best to avoid foods that cause it if known. And the prevention for eczema is to use a soap with high moisture (TMF) and moisturise with lotions twice or thrice a day. Steroid creams mixed with lotions can be required for moderate to severe conditions.

I am 21 years old male. I have red inflammation all over my body which is itchy and out transparent liquid. It started with an inflammation on my genital then it went away but then it spread to my thighs and then to my leg. I thought it was fungal so I took 2 fluconazole at 24 HR gap but it didn't work. Is it eczema?

Dr. Subodh Bhalke 92% (1063 ratings)
BHMS ,PGDPC , MS (psych.)
Homeopath, Nashik
Take Homeopathic medicine for better results 1) Berberis aquifolium Q.15 drops in half cup warm water. 3 times a day for 1 month 2) Natrum mur. 30.8 pills at night for 15 days 3) Use Calendula soap daily for bath.

Health Quizzes

Understanding Your Skin Type

Dr. Archhana Gullur 89% (97 ratings)
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Your age should determine the skin products you use. True or False. Attempt the quiz to know now.
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