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Last Updated: Nov 07, 2019
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High Blood Pressure - Range, Symptoms, Reasons ,Treatment, Diet And Home Remedies

What is High Blood Presure? What are the stages of high blood pressure? What are the early symptoms of high blood pressure? What is the major cause of High Blood Pressure? How do we measure BP? What are the risk factors for developing high blood pressure? What are the complications of high blood pressure? What is the best treatment for high blood pressure? What are the medications for high blood pressure? Best exercise for people having high bp: How to lower blood pressure naturally and quickly? High blood pressure diet: What is the home remedy for high blood pressure?

What is High Blood Presure?

Hypertension or high blood pressure is the amount of pressure exerted by the blood flow against the walls of the artery. So if a person is diagnosed with high blood pressure that means that the walls in his circulatory system (arteries) are constantly receiving too much of pressure. The heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood throughout our body all the time as long as we are alive.

Blood which is depleted of oxygen is pumped towards the heart, where it is replenished of its oxygen contents. The re-oxygenated blood is then pumped by the heart all over the body to supply vital nutrients and oxygen to the muscles and cells that controls our metabolic activities. This pumping of the blood creates- blood pressure.

What are the stages of high blood pressure?

High blood pressure or hypertension is categories into four different stages:

  • Stage:1 - Pre-hypertension: In which blood pressure ranges between 120/80-139/89.
  • Stage:2 - Mild hypertension: In which the blood pressure range of 140/90-159/99.
  • Stage:3 - Moderate hypertension: In which the blood pressure range of 160/110-179/109.
  • Stage:4 - Severe Hypertension: In which blood pressure is 180/110 or even higher.

Once it is determined as pre-hypertension, different preventive measures and DASH diet approach can help its further progress but in many cases, it is observed that pre-hypertension has resulted in moderate or severe hypertension.

What are the early symptoms of high blood pressure?

In high blood pressure, a person experiences fluctuation in both ranges of blood pressure and mainly in systolic blood pressure. Signs of this condition can only be noticed when blood pressure starts elevating. Many researchers claiming that blood spots in eyes are related to high blood pressure and a person suffering from diabetes like disorders. Yes, it is true because untreated high blood pressure along with other diseases like kidney or heart problems may affect the eyesight and cause eye disease.

In high blood pressure, blood vessels of retina present at the back of the eye are damaged where images are getting focused for vision. This condition is known as hypertensive retinopathy. Dizziness, headaches, difficulty in breathing, flushes, chest pain, changes in vision, bleeding from the nose, are some of the indicators for high blood pressure. These symptoms may vary from person to person and it is advised that measuring blood pressure through the digital machine or Sphygmomanometer for detection of elevated high blood pressure.

What is the major cause of High Blood Pressure?

Blood pressure when ranged between 120-80 as systolic and diastolic, it is considered as normal BP. It is difficult to determine the basic or main cause behind this condition but there are some risk factors such as smoking, obesity, no or less physical activity, high intake of salt and alcohol, stress, genetics, a medical condition like sleep apnea, chronic kidney disease, etc for high blood pressure. Physical changes, some genetic abnormalities, consumption of illegal substances, adrenal tumors, other kidney problems are also leading causes of high blood pressure.

How do we measure BP?

The blood pressure is measured with the help of Sphygmomanometer also known as a blood pressure meter and a stethoscope.

  • Systolic pressure : The systolic pressure is the blood pressure when the heart contracts, which happens when the left ventricle of the heart pumps the blood out into our arteries.
  • Diastolic pressure : The diastolic pressure is the blood pressure between the heartbeats, when the heart is resting and dilating.When normal blood pressure is measured the figure appears first with a larger number followed by a smaller number and are measured in ‘mmHg’

While our normal blood pressure is anywhere between 90-119 mmHg for systolic and 60-79 mmHg for diastolic, anyone who has a blood pressure of 140/90 or higher for a sustained period of time is considered suffering from hypertension related problems.

What are the risk factors for developing high blood pressure?

  • Age
  • Family history
  • Temperature
  • Ethnic background
  • Obesity/overweight
  • Aspects of gender
  • Physical inactivity
  • Smoking
  • Excessive Alcohol intake
  • High salt intake
  • Eating high fat diet
  • Mental stress
  • Diabetes
  • Psoriasis
  • Pregnancy (Gestational hypertension)

What are the complications of high blood pressure?

High blood pressure means a condition where blood arteries or vessels are experiencing more pressure on its walls. If this condition left untreated then it may lead to further life-threatening conditions. Due to uncontrolled high blood pressure, complications like a heart attack or stroke, Aneurysm, heart failure, weakened and narrowed blood vessels of kidneys, metabolic syndrome, trouble in understanding or memorizing, dementia can occur. This condition is damaging the blood vessels of the body and putting a person at high risk of mentioned serious health problems.

What is the best treatment for high blood pressure?

High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition that should be treated or controlled to avoid future health issues. To control or keep blood pressure in normal range, some ways are suggested like reducing the extra weight and maintaining healthy BMI, performing exercise in any form regularly, eating healthy diet with control in salt, sugar, and fat intakes, limiting or stopping consumption of alcohol and/or cigarette smoking and illegal drugs, reducing caffeinated drinks and increasing intake of drinks that increased metabolism, monitoring blood pressure at frequencies and consulting doctors for any suggestions on medication or lifestyle, etc.

What are the medications for high blood pressure?

On the basis of stages of hypertension, treatment is decided by doctors. Like, in primary hypertension or pre-hypertension, lifestyle and dietary changes are mostly recommended and in some cases, low doses of medications are prescribed. There are wide varieties of medications that are useful in the treatment of high blood pressure.

Beta-blockers, diuretics, ACE inhibitors, Angiotensin II receptor blockers, calcium channel blockers, Alpha-2 agonists are categories of medications for high blood pressure. These agents are working at different locations of the body and help in lowering the elevated blood pressures. For example, beta-blockers are slowing the beating of the heart resulting in reduced blood-pumping action and decreased blood pressure.

Best exercise for people having high bp:

One of the causes of high blood pressure is obesity that resulted from no or less physical activity and stress. To overcome both high blood pressure and obesity, people should perform a minimum of 30-45 minutes of any form of physical activity. Activities that are rising the heart and breathing rates such as basketball or tennis like sports, climbing stairs, walking, jogging, bicycling, swimming and dancing are highly recommended for high blood pressure patients.

How to lower blood pressure naturally and quickly?

In nature, there are some ingredients available that are helping in decreasing elevated blood pressures. Basil, cinnamon, cardamom, flaxseed, garlic, ginger, hawthorn, celery seed, French lavender, cat’s claw are the name of some herbs and products which are useful in dealing with high blood pressure. Basil with its eugenol content helps in hypertension as it inhibits the production of certain substances that are tightening the blood vessels. Nitric oxide content of garlic and omega-3 fatty acid of flaxseed are working towards relaxing and dilating blood vessels.

High blood pressure diet:

Individuals with High circulatory strain ought to pursue DASH diet as it represents Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. Under this approach, it is advised to eat whole fruit fits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy foods. The restrictions are levied on the intake of foods with high saturated fats, cholesterol.

Trans fats as well as on foods with a high quantity of sugar, salts and red meat. Whole grains, nuts, seafood are also suggested as it delivered essential nutrients for the body. For lunch and dinners, mainly vegetable dishes and for snacks whole fruits or dried fruits are recommended.

What is the home remedy for high blood pressure?

There are some home remedies suggested for high blood pressure which are consumption of good sources of potassium such as bananas, melons, oranges, spinach and zucchini, supplements like garlic and flaxseeds it has many health benefits. Exercising or walking like physical activity for at least 30 minutes, and different relaxation techniques helping in decreasing stress of daily activities have proven records of lowering blood pressure. People with high blood pressure should strictly follow the medication and diet schedule to avoid further risks.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 46 years old and having, sugar, high blood pressure & 3 years back two stents were also put. As of now I am taking ecosprin 75 mg, atorlip10 mg, prolomet xl25 & glimy m forte. Should I continue with these medications or else please advise. My reports are absolutely normal.

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Faridabad
All cardiac patients need routine cardiac checkup with comprehensive heart checkup including ecg and 2d echo on at least yearly basis. You should be vigilant about your health and follow up with cardiologist at least at 6 monthly interval.
1 person found this helpful

In high blood pressure I take labetalol 200 mg and telmisartan & hydrochlorothiazide 80/12.5 is right medicine for high blood pressure please suggest me which food take in high blood pressure.

MBBS, Dip.Cardiology, Fellowship in Clinical Cardiology(FICC), Fellowship in Echocardiology
Cardiologist, Ghaziabad
1st you need to understand hypertension. Blood pressure keeps fluctuating in everyone depending upon our physical & psychological stress levels.(bp sabh mein upar neeche hote rehta hai. Stress mein jyada aur rest mein kam hota hai ). Normal range ...
7 people found this helpful

My wife age is approx 46 yrs, she is taking over-l tab since last 12 yrs. There are no problem about her period. 2 years ago it observed that she is a high blood pressure i.e bp - 170/90. She taking tab amlosafe 3d (1 tab daily) since last 2 years by through a doctor opinion, at present her bp is normal i.e bp - 138/82, dt- 17.05.2019. I want to know how long she can take this over-l tab?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Such tablets should be taken with care in high BP cases so meet Gynecologist and consider other options of Family planning as her age also is more
1 person found this helpful

Hi I am 34 years old male having kidney transplant in may 2017 from past few months I had developed hbiac as 7.1 mg/dl I am taking glycomet sry 500 mg 1 tablet my weight is 75 kgs and taking immunosuppressant as tacrograph 1.5 mg in morning and 1 mg in evening omnacortil 5? Mg in morning and renodapt 360 mg in morning and evening please advise how to control diabetes. Also I am taking one 5 mg/dl bp medicine although blood pressure is under control as 130/82. Kidney transplant happened after hypertension. Grand mother has diabetes melitus.

MBBS, Diploma in Family Medicine, Fellow of Medical Specialities, Diploma in Geriatric Medicine, Certificate Course in Management of Hypertension, Certificate course in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus- Cycle IV, Certificate course in Evidence Based Management of Diabetic Retinopathy, Cycle I
Diabetologist, Bhubaneswar
Hi Sir, Nothing much to worry as your current hba1c is within normal limits. Continue your medications with regular follow up. For further advice kindly do a serum creatinine and let me know. Thank you. Take care.

I am a 51 years old male. Whenever I have had my BP checked, it has always come out normal i.e. Very close to 120/80. I went for a 7 day trek more than a month back. It was strenuous but I was able to complete it. We climbed several mountains with an average of 10 Kms per day. When I came back I had visited a General Physician for a cold. At that time he checked my BP and it was 160/90. That got me worried. Subsequently, I have been checking my BP at home and it comes around 140/92 on average. Many times, the systolic BP is even as low as 128-133 but the diastolic is always around 90. I visited a cardiologist - who took my ECG, Echo and had me do a Stress Treadmill test. The reports all came out normal. I then visited another cardiologist and when I was at his place my BP was again around 160/90 and he has prescribed some angiotensin BP medications. I also had a blood test done. Results are as follows: Thyroid - normal, Sugar levels - Normal, HBA1C - borderline, Electrolytes - normal, Kidney function test - normal, Total Cholesterol - High. Around 218 mg/dL, HDL - 32.6 mg/dL, LDL - 160 mg/dL, VLDL - 26 mg/dL, Vitamin D - 27.7 ng/mL, Vit B12 - 470 pg/mL. I am reasonably fit. I smoke around 2-4 cigarettes per day and had started vaping cigarettes liquids from about 1.5 months back to cut down on cigarettes. I am on depression medication - Escitalopram 10 mg per day. I am high strung and anxious person and have had anxiety issues and such events traumatize me (i.e. Detection of high BP). I am not sure if the high BP is (a) genuine (b) a cause for worry (c) what the long term prognosis is (d) should I take medication (e) is the high BP causing me anxiety or my anxiety which has surfaced since the detection of high BP causing a sustained higher than normal BP I am stressed due to this and do not know what to do. Please advise.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in EP
Cardiologist, Delhi
Avoid measuring BP frequently. Measure your BP only once every 2 months on fixed dates after resting for ten minutes. You will require medicines if all values are above 140. Follow the systolic BP, diastolic is LESS important for deciding treatmen...
11 people found this helpful

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