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Overview

High Blood Pressure - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Hypertension or high blood pressure is the amount of pressure exerted by the blood flow against the walls of the artery. So if a person is diagnosed with high blood pressure that means that the walls in his circulatory system (arteries) are constantly receiving too much of pressure. The heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood throughout our body all the time as long as we are alive. Blood which is depleted of oxygen is pumped towards the heart, where it is replenished of its oxygen contents. The re-oxygenated blood is then pumped by the heart all over the body to supply vital nutrients and oxygen to the muscles and cells that controls our metabolic activities. This pumping of the blood creates- blood pressure.

When doctor’s measure blood pressure, they check two types of pressures:

  • Systolic pressure and
  • Diastolic pressure

The blood pressure is measured with the help of blood pressure meter and a stethoscope.

The systolic pressure is the blood pressure when the heart contracts, which happens when the left ventricle of the heart pumps the blood out into our arteries. The diastolic pressure is the blood pressure between the heartbeats, when the heart is resting and dilating. When normal blood pressure is measured the figure appears first with a larger number followed by a smaller number and are measured in ‘mmHg’. While our normal blood pressure is anywhere between 90-119 mmHg for systolic and 60-79 mmHg for diastolic, anyone who has a blood pressure of 140/90 or higher for a sustained period of time is considered suffering from hypertension related problems.

The causes of high blood pressure are divided into two categories:

  • Primary (Essential) high blood pressure- where the cause of the high blood pressure is uncertain.
  • Secondary high blood pressure- where the high blood pressure has been caused for an underlying cause.

These are some of the strong evidence linking some risk factors to the onset of developing this condition:

  • Age
  • Family history
  • Temperature
  • Ethnic background
  • Obesity/overweight
  • Aspects of gender
  • Physical inactivity
  • Smoking
  • Excessive Alcohol intake
  • High salt intake
  • Eating high fat diet
  • Mental stress
  • Diabetes
  • Psoriasis
  • Pregnancy (Gestational hypertension)

To confirm that a patient is suffering from high blood pressure, one pressure reading is not enough to diagnose hypertension in the patient. As blood pressure can vary though out the day, a doctor may register a spike in the blood pressure reading in a patient, even for temporary stress or what he may have eaten that day.

So to determine hypertension several readings are taken over a set period, before a diagnosis is confirmed.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Symptoms
Headaches that last for several days. Nausea, vomiting and feeling light headed. Blurred or double vision. Palpitations and in certain cases, bleeding from the nose. Breathlessness and shortness of breath along with unnecessary sweating.

Popular Health Tips

7 Ways to Keep Stress and blood pressure down

Ms. Parveen 90% (74 ratings)
Bachelors in Psychology, Masters in Psychology, Post Graduate Diploma in Guidance and Counselling
Psychologist, Jalandhar
7 Ways to Keep Stress and blood pressure down
When it comes to preventing and treating high blood pressure, one often-overlooked strategy is managing stress. If you often find yourself tense and on-edge, try these seven strategies to reduce stress. Get enough sleep. Inadequate or poor-quality sleep can negatively affect your mood, mental alertness, energy level, and physical health. Learn relaxation techniques. Meditation, progressive muscle relaxation, guided imagery, deep breathing exercises, and yoga are powerful stress-busters. Strengthen your social network. Connect with others by taking a class, joining an organization, or participating in a support group. Hone your time-management skills. The more efficiently you can juggle work and family demands, the lower your stress level. Try to resolve stressful situations if you can. Don t let stressful situations fester. Hold family problem-solving sessions and use negotiation skills at home and at work. Nurture yourself. Treat yourself to a massage. Truly savor an experience: for example, eat slowly and really focus on the taste and sensations of each bite. Take a walk or a nap, or listen to your favorite music. Ask for help. Don t be afraid to ask for help from your spouse, friends, and neighbors. If stress and anxiety persist, ask your doctor whether anti-anxiety medications could be helpful. Add in a healthy lifestyle maintaining a healthy weight, not smoking, regular exercise, and a diet that includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthful fats and high blood pressure could be a thing of the past.
9 people found this helpful

Link Between Heart Diseases and High Blood Pressure

Dr. Sujata Vaidya 90% (838 ratings)
PhD, Human Energy Fields, Diploma in PIP, EFI, Aura scanning for Health evaluation; Energy field assessment, Fellowship Cardiac Rehabilitation, Cardiac Rehabilitation, MD (Ayur - Mind Body Med), Mind Body Medicine
Non-Invasive Conservative Cardiac Care Specialist, Pune
Link Between Heart Diseases and High Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is the measure of the resistance to the natural flow of blood in the blood vessels. The major, minor and few smaller blood vessels themselves have a thin muscular lining that keeps the vessel supple and aids the flow of nutritious blood within its tube-like structure. The vessel walls resist the free flow causing a reverse pressure that is referred to as Blood Pressure. This pressure strains the heart muscles (Left Ventricle more) to contract strongly to push the nutritious blood into the body circulation system. Due to numerous factors, there is an increase of resistance within the blood vessels that leads to an increase in blood pressure. At a later stage, this results in lack of adequate blood flow to the end tissues and an accumulation of fluids in the various tissues/organs and a mismanagement of the nutrition-detoxification rhythmic cycle of the body. This takes a long time to develop and unless the last stage hampers body functions, it is not detected. Hence, blood pressure is known as a silent disease. Systolic and diastolic are the two rhythms corresponding to the expansion and contraction of the heart chambers during pumping of blood into the body. This rhythm creates two distinct pressures within the blood vessels. Systolic is when the heart ventricular chamber contract to pump blood into the body, so the pressure is higher. This indicated the force or strain on the heart to push blood into the circulatory system. Hence, this count is considered significant in evaluating health parameters. High BP as a disease is declared when three or more readings taken at different times of a day or on consecutive days shows increase in BP. Higher the BP, more strain is exerted by the heart. Since the heart is essentially a muscular organ, the muscles of the heart get affected. Sometimes, the heart muscles increase in mass and size making the heart chambers smaller in volume. This further deteriorates the circulation capability leading to numerous diseases. The strain of pumping nutrition to different body organs is also felt by the heart itself. Lack of nutrition can lead to death of cardiac tissue leading to heart failure. High blood pressure makes the heart walls thicken and becomes stiffer which makes it even more difficult to pump blood. Thickening of the heart muscles is also known as left ventricular hypertrophy and cause heart failure. A systolic blood pressure reading that is higher than 140 mm Hg or a diastolic blood pressure higher than 90 mm Hg characterizes by high blood pressure. High blood pressure is said to be responsible for 50% of the recorded cases of ischemic strokes and also increases the risk of hemorrhagic strokes. When heart cannot pump with enough force, there is a mismanagement in the intra-cellular and tissue fluid restoration. This puts a great strain on the kidney function. In due course of time, numerous organs of the body suffer and depending on the body constitution, immunity for rejuvenation and restoration of order, the person suffer from numerous diseases. Diabetes worsens the situation of BP and adds to the deterioration of heart health, blood vessel health. Poor heart functioning leads to different symptoms like: Shortness of breath Swollen ankles or feet Difficulty lying flat on your back Bloating and nausea Irregular pulse Frequent urge to urinate at night Fatigue Due to disturbances in BP and other factors leading to lacking of nutrition to the heart tissue. Heart Disease complications are commonly seen with symptoms as follows: Radiating or dull pain, especially in the chest, radiating in the arms, especially left arm, neck, back and in the stomach especially in women. Shortness of breath; change in breathing patterns and heaviness in chest Dizziness and fainting sometimes Irregular pulse and palpitations Sudden onset of excessive sweating Unexplained fatigue, weakness and depression Heart Disease can be treated with natural ayurvedic medicaments successfully in more than 80% of patients. Numerous ayurvedic medicines have been clinically evaluated to show positive changes supported with clinical investigation. Since ayurvedic medicines are targeted to reaching the root cause of the disturbances and to reduce the burden of the disease they go beyond the relief of symptoms. Natural Ayurvedic medicines also participate in the rejuvenation of the heart muscles, the blood vessels, the detoxification of the body and re-balancing of health parameters, Ayurvedic treatment options are gaining great relevance and patient opt for such treatment in greater numbers from all over the world. These treatments are non-invasive and very cost effective. They are good to be taken from prevention to after angioplasty, stent or bye-pass to treat the cause of disease. Ayurveda is a health science that takes into consideration lifestyle modifications, adequate detoxification, re-balancing body element and strengthening the system from all aspects. Ayurvedic medicines have proved useful in the treatment of Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Vascular disease (leading to atherosclerosis, blockages, wear-tear of blood vessels) and Heart disease. Today, these treatment options are gaining importance and acceptance in our society.
3578 people found this helpful

Tips For Keeping Blood Pressure Normal

Dt. Neha Suryawanshi 95% (6636 ratings)
M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Tips For Keeping Blood Pressure Normal
Tips for keeping normal blood pressure Exercise. One reason exercise is so effective at controlling blood pressure is because it stimulates your body to release a substance called nitric acid. Nitric acid causes blood vessels to open up, which reduces blood pressure. Exercise also helps to strengthen your heart muscle, reduce stress, and aid weight loss. Lose excess weight. There's no getting around the fact that blood pressure goes up as the pounds pile on. Being overweight increases your risk for heart disease and diabetes, too. Losing even 10 pounds can start to make your blood pressure go back down. Eat healthily. Eating the right type of diet can lower your risk for high blood pressure or help you return to normal blood pressure. Clinical studies show that a diet high in fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy, whole grains, poultry, fish, and nuts really works. You also need to avoid fats, red meat, and excess sugar. Shake the salt habit. Your body only needs about 500 milligrams of salt a day, but if you are like the average american you may be consuming up to 9, 000 mg a day. Studies show that high salt leads to high blood pressure. Current recommendations are to limit salt intake to 2, 400 mg per day, the equivalent of about one teaspoon. Put the brakes on smoking and drinking. These are two other bad habits to avoid if you want to keep a normal blood pressure. Alcohol raises blood pressure and adds empty calories. A safe amount of alcohol is only one drink a day for women and two for men. Smoking is not safe in any amount. Nicotine causes blood vessels to constrict and that raises blood pressure. Quitting will also lower your risk of cancer and heart disease. The only way to know if you have high blood pressure or normal blood pressure is to have a blood pressure reading done by a trained healthcare provider. The american heart association recommends a blood pressure reading at least once every two years. If you have had a recent blood pressure reading and you have normal blood pressure, don't take it for granted. Remember hypertension is a common and sometimes silent killer. Push yourself away from the computer, turn off the television, get active, eat your fruits and vegetables, and kick any bad habits.
13 people found this helpful

Hypertension - How it Affects you During Pregnancy?

Dr. Neha Lalla 94% (117 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Thane
Hypertension - How it Affects you During Pregnancy?
Are you experiencing high blood pressure or hypertension during pregnancy? Hypertension is a condition in which your blood pressure levels shoot up to a level, which may cause damage to the body. In case of pregnant women, hypertension may inflict damage on both the mother and the growing baby. You require a special care for dealing with hypertension during pregnancy, irrespective of the fact whether it develops before or after conception. Here are some important facts you ought to know about hypertension and pregnancy. There are different types of high blood pressure issues caused during pregnancy. Gestational hypertension: Women with this form of hypertension have high blood pressure, which develops around 20 weeks of pregnancy. There is no sign of organ damage or the presence of protein in urine. Many women with gestational hypertension develop preeclampsia eventually. Chronic hypertension: Chronic hypertension is the high blood pressure condition which is present before pregnancy or it may occur before 20 weeks of pregnancy. It is hard to determine high blood pressure as it does not have prominent symptoms. Chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia: This condition is likely in women with chronic blood pressure being present from before pregnancy. During pregnancy, women with this condition develop worsened high blood pressure and protein content in the urine. Other health complications are also indicated. Preeclampsia: This is a pregnancy complication featured by high blood pressure along with signs of damage to other organs of the body. This happens from chronic high blood pressure and gestational hypertension. It usually sets in within 20 weeks of pregnancy. If untreated, preeclampsia can lead to several serious complications to the mother and the baby. Risks of high blood pressure during pregnancy High pressure during pregnancy is associated with several risks. They are as follows: Decreased flow of blood to the placenta: When the placenta does not receive sufficient blood, your baby will be deprived of enough oxygen and nutrients. This might cause slow growth, premature birth or low birth weight in your baby. Prematurity also causes breathing trouble in the baby. Placental abruption: Preeclampsia increases the risk of placental abruption, where the placenta gets separated from the inner uterine wall before delivery. Severe cases of placental abruption lead to placenta damage and heavy bleeding. Premature delivery: In some cases, early delivery of the baby has to be carried out for preventing some life threatening conditions. For reducing the risk of complications caused by hypertension during pregnancy, it is important for you to visit your doctor regularly throughout pregnancy. You should take blood pressure medicines prescribed by a doctor in the most suitable dosage. You should also stay active, follow a healthy low sodium diet and keep away from smoking, alcohol and substance abuse.
4410 people found this helpful

Stroke Due to Hypertension - What Should be done About it?

Dr. Rajashekhar 84% (335 ratings)
MD, MBBS
General Physician, Bangalore
Stroke Due to Hypertension - What Should be done About it?
High blood pressure, which is often a result of hypertension, is the leading risk factor for a stroke, which in turn leads to severe and long-term disability, including death. Managing your blood-sugar levels is the most critical thing you can do to lessen your risk of a stroke, and you should leave no stone unturned in keeping your blood pressure at optimum levels. What causes a stroke A stroke, which is often referred to as a brain attack, takes place when the supply of blood to a particular region of the brain is cut off. The brain cells which are deprived of the oxygen and glucose die, and when the ailment is not caught early, a permanent damage to the brain can follow. How is high blood pressure related to a stroke Uncontrolled blood pressure levels can increase the risk of a stroke by about four to six times. With the passage of time, hypertension causes atherosclerosis as well as hardening of major arteries. This often results in blockages of small blood vessels present in the brain. With high blood pressure for a long period of time, the blood vessels of the brain become weak and burst. This way the risk of a stroke is directly related to the high levels of blood pressure. What can you do to keep your blood pressure under control There is a lot you can do to keep the chance of a stroke at bay. But the first thing you should try doing is keeping your blood pressure level normal. Some simple lifestyle changes can help you to lead a risk-free life and therefore, you should first aim at shedding off those extra pounds along your waistline. In general, a man with a waistline measuring over 40 inches and a woman with that over 35 inches is at a higher risk of suffering from high blood pressure as well as a stroke. You should exercise regularly for at least half an hour and eat a well-regulated diet loaded with fibre, proteins, potassium and Omega-3 fatty acids. Stay away from junk food and maintain a food diary where you can jot down your honest food habits. It is very important to lower down your high blood pressure in order to avoid risks of stroke. But if you fail to do so even after following a healthy routine, then it is crucial to consult a doctor who can help you by prescribing medications that are right for your medical condition.
5675 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir I am suffering from high blood pressure from 14th August 2017 my BP is 130 by 90 or 140 by 86 sir what would I do to avoid BP medicines how can I control BP.

Dr. Pramod Kumar Sharma 94% (80 ratings)
MBBS, MS (Gen. Surgery), M.Ch - Cardio Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, DNB (CTS)
Cardiologist, Noida
Please start walking. At least 45 minutes a day ,start meditation take less of salt .your bp is borderline you can control it with above measures.
5 people found this helpful

Hello Dr. mere age 32 hai or mera weight 110 hai mi apne badhte hue weight se parishan hu pls Dr. suggest mi how loos my weight or blood pressure bhi high rhata hai.

Dr. Santosh Kumar Soni 91% (660 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Durg
Aap khane ke baad sitting ya sleeping na Kare, kucch moment Kare chaval meetha chay chhor de, morning walk karen lekin fast walk karana hoga. Thora vyayam Kare dopahar ka sona chhoren, jyada pani piyen,
2 people found this helpful

My mom have high blood pressure and it's not in control now. She is under going some tests now. ECG, ECHO ECG they found some issue in echo ECG and said somewhere there is blood flow cut in her body. And they suggested some CT audiogram. They only say anything based on audiogram result. Can anyone tell me about this issue and what will happen if there is blood flow stopped any organ. Thanks.

Dr. G. Rangaswamy 90% (873 ratings)
Diploma in Anesthesia, MBBS
General Physician, Hyderabad
CT angiogram reveals the areas where there is no proper blood supply to the heart. Any part of the body require nutrition and oxygen for its function. Nurtrition and oxygen to all parts of the body is supplied by the blood. As the heart is doing exercise that contraction and relaxation every second of day and night throughout your body, if it doesnot receive proper and sufficient amount of blood every second, heart stops functioning. You know what happens when heart stops functioning. CT angio is only indicative investigation. The correct investigation is angiogram. Then why they suggest CT angio is if the patient is unfit for procedures and its easy and cheaper comparatively. Changes in Echo and ECG has to be there as you say that her BP is uncontrolled. So go for regular checkups and follow up with the cardiologist will help in avoiding the complication of the high BP.

I am 52 years Female ,last week I had my routine check up and my BP was high (150/110) so Dr. Has given me cilacar10 mg fr 3 days. After that I had done my health test and below is the thyroid profile results. T3- 1.2 (normal) T4- 13 (high) TSH-4.3 (normal). Now when I again visited to my Dr. Again my BP was high (150/110) and Dr. Suggest to meet Endocrinologist as T4 is high & cont. Cilacar tab for BP. Please suggest do I need to take any medicine for T4? And is it mandatory to take BP tab everyday for lifetime?

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 93% (10806 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. Your BP is definitely high, needs to be controlled. Ideally it should be 120 to 130 /70 to 80 mm Hg. Treatment for BP invariably has to be for lifetime. Sometimes adapting a healthy lifestyle and weight reduction & salt restriction may help in achieving very good reduction in BP level. As regards T4 being slightly high, I do not see any problem. Please get a Free T4 test done. That will clarify. Thanks.
4 people found this helpful

What is the correlation between high BP and cholesterol? Like does high cholesterol cause high BP or vice versa?

Dr. Sameer Mehrotra 92% (816 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Cardiac Device Specialist (CCDS - Physician )
Cardiologist, Delhi
They are both co-related High BP can lead to high cholesterol and high cholesterol can be one of the reasons for high BP too. But there are many other factors as well which can contribute to both high BP and high cholestrol too.

Health Quizzes

Facts About High Blood Pressure

Multi Speciality Clinic
Multi Speciality, Pune
Exercising and too little salt can also cause high blood pressure. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
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Myths And Facts About High Blood Pressure

Dr. Aruna Sud 88% (3917 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Chandigarh
High blood pressure problems are evident. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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What Energy Drinks Are Doing To Your Health?

Dr. Aruna Sud 88% (3917 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Chandigarh
Drinking energy drinks regularly increase chances of cardiac arrest. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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