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Smoking - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Smoking means a practice whereby people burn a substance which results in a smoke that can be breathed in, which is tasted and then absorbed into the bloodstream. The most common substance that is smoked is the dried leaves of the tobacco plant, which when rolled up inside a square piece of paper, creates a small round cylinder- called a cigarette.

Smoking is an age old tradition whereby this practice was primarily practiced as a route of administration for recreational drugs. It’s been because the combustion of the dried leaves and herbs vaporizes very fast and can deliver active narcotic substances into the pulmonary system, where they are absorbed rapidly into the bloodstream to reach our brain and other tissues in our body. In the case of cigarette smoking dried tobacco leaf releases aerosol, gasses and needless to say alkaloid nicotine, which, when absorbed into the bloodstream through the lungs creates a feeling of satiety. In some cultures all around the world smoking is till used as a part of various traditional rituals , where participants use this practice to enter a trance like state, which some believe lead them to ‘spiritual enlightenment’. Generally any kind of smoking has negative health effects. As smoking poses a threat to various physiological processes, particularly to our cardio-respiratory system. Diseases that occurs out of smoking have shown mortality for approximately half of the long term smokers, when compared to the death rates faced by non-smokers.

Researches do confirm that smoking tobacco, is the most common recreational drug practiced by over one billion people in present times, of whom most are the citizens of the developing countries across the globe. Less common drugs that are smoked are marijuana (cannabis) and opium. Hard narcotic chemicals like heroin and others are also smoked, but their use is limited, as these chemicals are hard to be found commercially. Cigarettes, on the other hand, are manufactured industrially for commercial use, but then again, they can also be hand-rolled using loose tobacco and rolling papers. Some of the other things that are often smoked are pipes, bidis, vaporizers, hookahs and bongs.

In the present times many governments across the world is deterring their citizen from smoking and highlighting on anti-smoking campaigns, stressing on the harmful long-term effects of this age-old practice. Passive smoking, which affects the health of other non-smokers and children in the vicinity of the smokers, is one major reason for enforcement of this smoking ban. Especially in indoor public places, like bars, restaurants, and bars.

Treatable by medical professional Lab test not required
People who smoke have a greater risk of dying from lung cancer. Smoking leads to dry cough and irritation in the throat. Women who smoke during their gestation have greater risks of delivering babies with birth defects. Smoking can lead to erectile dysfunctions. Smoking has greater risks of developing heart ailments and COPD symptoms.

Popular Health Tips

Can Smoking Affect Your Heart?

Dr. Anupam Goel 87% (39 ratings)
MBBS, MD (Gen. Medicine), DM (Cardiology)
Cardiologist, Delhi
Can Smoking Affect Your Heart?
Smoking can affect your health in all respects, and it is no different when it comes to your heart. Smokers are almost twice as likely to have heart problems compared to individuals who do not smoke. How does smoking cast an impact on your cardiac health? Smoking increases the risk of developing various kinds of cardiovascular issues such as stroke and coronary heart disease. It damages the lining of the arteries which, in turn, paves the way for building up of fatty substances called atheroma which narrows down the artery. This may lead to heart attack, stroke, and angina. Tobacco contains carbon monoxide which reduces the amount of oxygen in the blood. This indicates that the heart has to work harder for supplying the required amount of oxygen. Cigarettes also contain nicotine which stimulates the production of adrenaline. This instigates the heart to beat at a faster pace and raises the blood pressure. The chemicals present in the smoke of tobacco can harm your blood cells and retard the normal functioning of the heart. When not inhibited, it can lead to atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is an ailment in which a waxy material, termed as plaque builds up in the arteries and limits the flow of blood to different parts of the body. When plaque builds up for a long span of time, it causes coronary heart disease, and you are likely to experience symptoms such as heart failure, chest pain, heart attack, arrhythmia and heart failure and even death. Smoking is a major risk factor for another fatal ailment called the peripheral artery disease or PAD. PAD is a clinical condition where the accumulation of plaque in the arteries inhibits carriage of oxygen-rich blood to the head, different organs, and limbs. With regular smoking, the blood is more susceptible to clotting which surges the risk of having a stroke or heart attack. Is there any effect of second-hand smoking? Second-hand smoking, also referred to as passive smoking means inhaling the smoke ejected while smoking. When a person is regularly exposed to smoke, he or she is likely to have low levels of good cholesterol, damaged heart tissues, and high blood pressure. Various researchers are of the opinion that second-hand smoke of tobacco is a viable cause of heart ailments in nonsmokers. This means, if you are a smoker, you are definite to harm the members of your surroundings. Why should you quit smoking? One of the best ways to decrease the risk of having cardiac ailments is to stop smoking. In case you have never smoked, you should never think of starting it for the same reason. You should also try to avoid second-hand smoke by avoiding going to a smoking zone. It would be a great idea to avoid the company of smokers for the periods when they are smoking. Stay away from smoking for your heart health.

Breast Reduction - Things You Must Be Aware Of!

Dr. Amit Gupta 87% (11 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Gurgaon
Breast Reduction - Things You Must Be Aware Of!
There is no denying the fact that a perfect figure can enhance your personality to a great extent, adding an alluring charm that people will find hard to ignore. The size of one's breast can play a significant role, affecting one's overall appearance. Heavy breasts can be physically discomforting (skin maceration, backaches, neck and shoulder aches, problems during exercises or physical activities,) not to forget the public humiliation and mockery that it brings along. Some men with a medical condition known as Gynecomastia also end up having enlarged breasts making the situation awkward and embarrassing for them. To deal with the embarrassment and physical discomfort, many people retort to the various breast reduction surgical procedures. The breast reduction procedures have helped millions of people achieve the desired breast shape and size. However, the success of the breast reduction procedures depends on many factors. There are things that a person should be aware of before opting for a breast reduction. A breast reduction surgery or a reduction mammoplasty is no small thing. It is a decision that is going to make an impact in your life and overall appearance in ways beyond your imagination. You cannot expect the surgery to work miracles overnight. Be more realistic about your expectations and do not take such an important decision in haste. Not every individual with enlarged breasts can undergo a breast reduction. A person has to be physically fit (without any medical conditions) with sound mental and emotional stability. People who are severely obese and those into heavy smoking are often considered unfit for the surgery. For pregnant and lactating women, an immediate breast reduction surgery may not be a wise idea. Teenagers and adolescents are considered unfit for a breast reduction as their breast are yet not fully developed and matured. The minimum age for a breast reduction is 21 years. Your choice of the surgeon is crucial. While an experienced surgeon can bring about the desired result with minimum or no complications, an inexperienced surgeon can worsen up things for you. Research on the surgeon, their credentials, work history and success rate well. The breast reduction surgeries involving the latest and advanced technologies will be an expensive affair. Make sure you are financially prepared to take the plunge. The recovery time following the surgery may stretch between six-seven weeks (or even more in some cases). During the recovery, there will be restrictions and precautionary measures that a person should follow. Lifting heavy articles, indulging in strenuous and rigorous exercise and physical activities should be avoided for at least four-six weeks (or as the doctor recommended). Driving is a big No for a month or two or as advised by the doctor. Depending on how well your incisions heal, there may be some pain and swelling in the breasts.The breast for the first few days may also appear sensitive and tender. For better support, wear a well-fitted bra (preferably an athletic or a sports bra). Consult a doctor in the case of severe bleeding, excruciating pain, hematoma or a loss of sensation in the breasts and nipples that lasts longer than usual.
7 people found this helpful

5 Sure Shot Ways To Keep Your Heart Healthy!

Dr. Ripen Gupta 89% (177 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship In Interventional Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology & Cardiac Electrophysiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
5 Sure Shot Ways To Keep Your Heart Healthy!
The heart is one part of your body that pumps blood relentlessly; to be grateful to the most important organ, it s your duty to look after its health. Cardiovascular diseases and heart ailments can be prevented by making minor changes in your lifestyle. Here are a few tips to keep your heart healthy: Add fiber to your diet: Making fiber a part of your regular diet is a great idea as the heart works best when it runs on natural fuel. You can achieve this by adding more raw fruits and vegetables in your meals as they are an excellent source of fiber and nutrients. Engage in physical activity: Your heart is a muscle and to make it healthier, you need some form of physical exercise. Engaging in cardiovascular forms of exercise for an hour daily keeps your heart in good condition. Engaging in physical activity also reduces the risk of getting a heart disease and acts as a stress buster. Cut down on the salt intake: The sodium content in salt disrupts the balance of fluids in your body leading to high blood pressure. This can affect the functioning of the heart; that is to pump blood, which is a major cause of a heart attack. So, cutting down on salt can reduce stress and the risks of heart attacks. Manage your weight: People on the overweight side run a risk of getting heart diseases more often than fit and leaner ones as they tend to be more inactive and sluggish. The heart diseases caused due to obesity can be avoided by making minor changes to your diet and exercising on a daily basis. Quit smoking: If you are a regular smoker, quitting is the best thing you can do for your heart. The main reason for coronary heart diseases is nicotine present in the cigarette. Once, you quit smoking completely, you will be 50% less likely to run the risks of a heart attack as compared to a regular smoker.
12 people found this helpful

Smoking and Air Pollution

Dr. Nikhil Modi 93% (211 ratings)
Pulmonologist, Delhi
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Harmful Effects of Smoking and Air Pollution

Smoking ke Nuksan - सिगरेट पीने के नुकसान

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Smoking ke Nuksan - सिगरेट पीने के नुकसान
सिगरेट पीना आजकल युवाओं में काफी प्रचलित है. हलांकि कुछ बुजुर्ग लोग बीड़ी पीना पसंद करते हैं. धूम्रपान को भी एक सामाजिक बुराई के रूप में देखा जाता है. ज्यादातर जगहों पर धूम्रपान को निषेध किया जाता है. सिगरेट या बीड़ी के धुएं में सबसे हानिकारक रसायनों में से कुछ निकोटीन, टार, कार्बन मोनोऑक्साइड, हाइड्रोजन साइनाइड, फॉर्मलाडीहाइड, आर्सेनिक, अमोनिया, सीसा, बेंजीन, ब्यूटेन, कैडमियम, हेक्सामाइन, टोल्यूनि आदि हैं. ये रसायन धूम्रपान करने वालों और उनके आसपास वालों के लिए हानिकारक होते हैं. आइए सिगरेट पिने से होने वाले नुकसानों को जानें. 1. प्रजनन क्षमता के लिए प्रजनन क्षमता में कमी के लिए धुम्रपान काफी हद तक जिम्मेदार है. एक शोध के अनुसार धूम्रपान, भ्रूण के विकास में पुरुष के शुक्राणुओं और कोशिकाओं की संख्या को नुकसान पहुंचाते हैं. महिलाओं के द्वारा धूम्रपान करने से गर्भस्राव या जन्म देने वाले बच्चे में स्वास्थ्य समस्याएं होने की अधिक संभावना होती है. इसके अलावा, धूम्रपान से ओवुलेशन समस्याएं हो सकती है. 2. बढ़ाए संधिशोथ नियमित धूम्रपान करने से रुमेटीइड गठिया का ख़तरा बढ़ जाता है. गैर धूम्रपान करने वालों के मुकाबले धूम्रपान करने वालों के लिए जोखिम लगभग दोगुना है. इसके अतिरिक्त ऑस्टियोपोरोसिस और हड्डी के फ्रैक्चर के लिए धूम्रपान एक प्रमुख कारण है. 3. फेफड़ों का कैंसर सिगरेट पिने से फेफड़े के कैंसर की संभावना काफी हद तक बढ़ जाती है. एक रिपोर्ट के अनुसार तम्बाकू धूम्रपान और फेफड़े के कैंसर के खतरे के बीच एक मजबूत संबंध है. गैर-धूम्रपान करने वालो पर भी फेफड़ों के कैंसर के विकास का जोखिम है. धूम्रपान करने वाली महिलाएँ को पुरुषों के मुकाबले फेफड़ों के कैंसर का ख़तरा अधिक है. 4. उम्र बढ़ाने की प्रक्रिया करे तेज धूम्रपान आपकी त्वचा पर समय से पहले झुर्रियाँ, त्वचा की सूजन, फाइन लाइन और एज स्पॉट्स को बढ़ाने में अपना योगदान देता है. सिगरेट में निकोटीन रक्त वाहिकाओं को कम करने का कारण बनता है, जिसका अर्थ है आपकी त्वचा की बाहरी परतों में रक्त प्रवाह कम होना. कम रक्त प्रवाह के साथ, आपकी त्वचा को पर्याप्त ऑक्सीजन और महत्वपूर्ण पोषक तत्व नहीं मिलते हैं. 5. बढ़ाए श्वसन समस्या धूम्रपान श्वसन संबंधी विकारों जैसे अस्थमा और तपेदिक आदि के विकास में योगदान देने वाला सबसे महत्वपूर्ण कारण है. धुम्रपान से श्वसन में कमी, खांसी और कफ उत्पादन संबंधी समस्याएं उत्पन्न हो सकतीं हैं. इसके अलावा, धूम्रपान में मौजूद कार्बन मोनोऑक्साइड खून में प्रवेश करता है और आपकी ऑक्सीजन-क्षमता को सीमित करता है. इससे कफ को बढ़ाता है जिससे सांस लेने में कठिनाई होती है. 6. हृदय रोग का खतरा सिगरेट में निकोटीन और अन्य जहरीले रसायन हृदय रोग और स्ट्रोक के जोखिम को बढ़ा देते हैं. इसकी वजह से स्ट्रोक पैरालिसिस, आंशिक अंधापन, बोलने की शक्ति और यहां तक कि मौत का कारण भी हो सकती है. धूम्रपान ना करने वालों की तुलना में धूम्रपान करने वालों में स्ट्रोक होने की संभावना तीन गुना अधिक होती है. 7. मधुमेह के खतरे बीड़ी धूम्रपान टाइप-2 मधुमेह के खतरे से जुड़ा हुआ है. यह ग्लूकोज चयापचय को भी बिगाड़ता है, जो कि टाइप 2 मधुमेह की शुरुआत हो सकती है. इसके अलावा, यह बॉडी मास इंडेक्स स्वतंत्र तंत्र के माध्यम से मधुमेह के खतरे को बढ़ाता है. गर्भावस्था के दौरान धूम्रपान करने वाली महिलाओं को गर्भस्राव संबंधी मधुमेह का खतरा बढ़ जाता है और बच्चे को बाद में मधुमेह का खतरा हो सकता है. 8. आंखों के लिए धूम्रपान से मोतियाबिंद, ग्लूकोमा, मधुमेह के रेटिनोपैथी और ड्राई आई सिंड्रोम का खतरा बढ़ जाता है. सिगरेट के धुएं में आर्सेनिक, फार्मलाडिहाइड और अमोनिया शामिल हैं. ये रसायन खून में शामिल होकर आंखों के नाजुक ऊतकों तक पहुंच जाते हैं जिससे रेटिना कोशिकाओं की संरचना को नुकसान होता है. 9. करे घाव भरने में देरी सिगरेट के धुएं में कई यौगिक जैसे निकोटीन, टायर, नाइट्रिक ऑक्साइड, हाइड्रोजन साइनाइड, कार्बन मोनोऑक्साइड और सुगंधित अमाइन, एनोक्सिया, हाइपोक्सिया, व्हेसोकोनस्ट्रक्शन आदि घाव के उपचार को रोकते हैं. धूम्रपान करने वाले में मैक्रोफेज की कमी आती है जो उपचार में देरी का कारण बनता है. धूम्रपान करना लाल रक्त कोशिकाओं, हड्डी की कोशिकाओं और यहां तक कि सफेद रक्त कोशिकाओं को भी नुकसान पहुँचाता है, जो उपचार के लिए जरूरी हैं. 10. डिमेंशिया के खतरे धूम्रपान करने वाले दोनों पुरुष और महिलाओं में डिमेंशिया या अल्जाइमर जैसे रोग होने की संभावना अधिक होती है. इसमें मानसिक पतन का अनुभव भी कर सकते हैं. सिगरेट में मौजूद निकोटीन मस्तिष्क के लिए हानिकारक है और डिमेंशिया या अल्जाइमर रोग की शुरूआत को बढ़ाता है.
2 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi sir. I am mohd asad khan from mumbra mumbai. My age is 20. I want to quit smoking. How I can. please tell. I smoke 4 and 5. Then 10 cigarettes.

Dr. K V Anand 94% (21893 ratings)
BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Tobacco is addictive. Cigarette also contains 4000+ carcinogenic chemicals other than nicotine. Smoking can affect your mouth, throat, lungs, heart, stomach and brain in many ways. Cancer is one among the potential diseases smoking can cause. The best method is to leave it and continue with your will power. There are other methods like Nicotine Replacement therapy and pharmacotherapy combined. Nicotine chewing gums too help as an alternative for cigarettes. But still you will need will power. You may consult a physician or deaddiction therapist or a rehabilitation facility for further advice. You can also opt for online deaddiction therapy. Take care.

Mere sath ek problem ho rahi h jab bhi mein smoking karta hu mere forehead ke centre par pain start hone lagta hai mind kaam nhi karta hai focus bhi nahi ban paata h.ab aap khaoge smoking mat kiya kaaro. Smoking kam nahi hoti hai. Please kuch suggest kare.

Psychologist, Ahmedabad
You have to consciously try. Stop saying ye nah I Hota hai. This way you are constantly telling your brain to not to quit smoking. Stop doing negative self talk. I am giving you affirmations that you have to repeat 40 time morning and at night before sleeping in front of the mirror looking into your eyes. 1. I love and accept myself. 2. I am able to stop smoking and I am feeling good. Drink minimum 3 liters of water. Try eating nicotine chewing gum.

I have been smoking 2 to 3 cigarettes a day, I have been trying to stop so many times but not able to get rid of the habit, pls advice. I am aware of the harms it causes and I am afraid I may be hatmed too, but I am not able to stop.

Dr. Purva Patel 88% (27 ratings)
General Physician, Gandhinagar
Hi Impossible is not in your dictionary. You can do whatever your desire Be strong in your mind Consult psychologist there is medicine which also help you for quit smoking Thanks Take care May my answer is helpful to you please give feedback for better evaluation.

Hi, How To stop smoking I am using nicotine gum prescribed by one of your doc. whether there will be any side effects may cause.

Dr. Shailesh Sancheti 89% (62 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Hi. Habits overcome is required for best health. So take Caladium 200 2dram Dose 4pills 3-4 times chewable. Will help you to overcome. No side effects. You will feel better and confident.
1 person found this helpful

I am smoker how to quit smoking and biggest problem is I think my penis skin is sensitive as soon as I insert I cum so please suggest me what should I do.

Dr. Sanjay Khanna 91% (155 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Jalandhar
You can leave smoking with the triad of your will power, medicines and counselling. Second part of question can be helped by desensitising creams or sprays.

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Smoking and bone health - How are they related?

Dr. Madu Sridhar 86% (43 ratings)
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Can Smoking Affect Your Heart?

Dr. Avinash 86% (1386 ratings)
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Are Smoking And Heart Diseases Related?

Maxcure Hospitals 85% (10 ratings)
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Quitting smoking has its own benefits to offer, no matter at which point of time you do so. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Asthma Attacks
Good morning, mera naam Dr Amol Bamane hai aur main Ayurveda ka founder hoon. Aj main aapko asthma ke bare mein information dene wala hoon. Uska causes, uske symptoms, aur uske kuch home remedies bhi mai dene wala hoon. First of all, asthma kya hain, ye air intake jo hum lete hai, lungs mein humare jo trachea rehta hai, woh contract ho jata hai, aur use air aane mein, lungs mein, pareshaani ho jaati hai. To uske wajah se asthma ho jaata hai. Toh iska symptoms hain- Breathlessness Pressure on chest Cough Yeh 3 symptoms hai asthma ke. Uske causes mainly 2 types hotey hai:- Allergic asthma Non-allergic asthma. Allergic asthma mein dust hai, smoke hain, drugs hai, pollution hai. Toh yeh factors uske liye causes hai. Non-allergic asthma k causes hai, fear, anxiety, stress, excessive consumption of processed food. Toh yeh saare causes hai non- allergic asthma ke liye. Asthma ke liye, home remedies bhi hai, jese ki: Aap saucer li jiye, mix kijiye aur ek kapre mein leke aap inhale kijiye isko, toh isse bhi aapko aaram mil jayga. Seeds lijiye aur usko 1 litre paani mein aap ubaliye 30 mins tak, aur liquid chhan ke lijiye aap. Uske baad us liquid mein 2 spoon aap ginger paste daaliye. Ginger paste daalne ke baad, usme aap 1 teaspoon honey daaliye. Aur yeh aap din mein 1 glass, ek baar jo yeh hai, glass mein paani, woh liquid, toh yeh aap lijiye. Yeh asthma ke liye bahuti achha hain, laabh dayak hai. Aap do chamach gooseberry liiye. Usse aap karsh ki jiye ache se, usme aap 1 chamach honey daaliye aur yeh aap din mein 1 baar lijiye aur issye bhi aapko asthma se bahut hi achha result mil jayga. Is Vishay mein adhiktam jaankari ke liye aap se hume sampark kar sakte hain, online consult bhi kar sakte hain.
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