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Overview

Pregnancy - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Pregnancy?

Pregnancy is the most exciting phase of woman life and it is beyond imagination that she is carrying a baby inside her womb. The first and important sign of pregnancy is missed periods . When a woman misses a period, then pregnancy tests can be conducted to confirm whether the women is pregnant.

What changes you face in First Trimester :

Although many women prepare themselves for the pregnancy, they are unaware of the changes that will happen in the body as the pregnancy causes. They should be prepared for these bodily changes and be sure to contact the doctor in case of any discomfort due to the symptoms.

Each woman experiences pregnancy differently. The first trimester is a period of health and vitality, for others, it is extremely difficult . Spotting or bleeding may be seen in the first trimester. Bleeding may happen when the fertilised egg gets embedded in the uterine walls causing a minor bleeding. If bleeding is accompanied by sharp pain or cramps then it can be a sign of miscarriage. Breast tenderness, discharge, fatigue, heartburn, vomiting, food cravings, mood swings, and constipation may be other signs in the first trimester of pregnancy. Some women experience high levels of vomiting called Hyperemesis gravidarum and is a serious condition as the pregnant woman may lose fluids and minerals due to vomiting.

What changes you face in Second Trimester :

The second trimester is a honeymoon phase when the extreme symptoms in the first trimester subside and the woman gets more relaxed. In this trimester the organs of the baby are fully formed and growth of the baby starts . Women can feel the baby kick in their womb. Women in the trimester may experience a backache due to the increase in weight of the fetus, bleeding gums due to changes in hormones, breast enlargement as the breast gets ready to feed the baby, bleeding nose and congestion may be caused due to hormone changes. Vaginal discharge is common during this stage and should be treated by a doctor if the discharge is green or foul smelling. Frequent urination and headaches may be common in women in the second trimester.

What changes you face in Second Trimester :

With the approach of the third trimester, a pregnant woman is well aware of the approaching delivery. In this period, the sudden cramps develop, these are called Braxton Hicks. The cramps are a signal of the uterus getting ready for delivery. Women get heavier and become tired of being pregnant. Many changes that are seen in the second trimester gets carried over to the third trimester of pregnancy.

The end of the third trimester is delivery and women should eat well and be prepared for the delivery with proper exercise. Good thoughts about delivery can overcome the anxiety of the pain and fear of delivery.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Aversion to food Bloating Sore breasts Nausea Mood swings

Popular Health Tips

Ectopic Pregnancy - Things You Must Be Aware Of!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Ectopic Pregnancy - Things You Must Be Aware Of!

In a normal pregnancy, the egg that the ovaries release enters the fallopian tube. If a sperm fertilises it, the fertilised egg attaches itself inside the uterus. However, sometimes the fertilised egg can attach itself outside the uterus. This condition is called ectopic pregnancy.

Ectopic pregnancy can be detected in the first few weeks of the pregnancy itself. If your doctor does discover ectopic pregnancy, you would need immediate medical attention. Ectopic pregnancies can be sad and scary. The survival rate of the baby is extremely low, and you may need some time to get over your loss. Fortunately, one ectopic pregnancy doesn't mean you can never conceive again. Many women who lost their first baby to ectopic pregnancy have been able to have a healthy and normal pregnancy the second time around.

The causes of ectopic pregnancy include:

  • An inflammation or infection of the fallopian tube can lead it to become entirely or partially blocked.
  • Scar tissue from a surgery or an infection of the fallopian tube may also hinder the movement of the fertilised egg.
  • Surgery in the tubes or pelvic areas in the past might cause adhesions.
  • Birth defects or abnormal growths can cause anomalies in the shape of the tube.

These causes are usually followed by certain risk factors, such as:

  1. Age (The age group of 35-44 especially)
  2. An ectopic pregnancy in the past
  3. Previous abdominal or pelvic surgery
  4. Pelvic inflammatory disease
  5. Several prompted abortions
  6. Conceiving with an intrauterine device in place
  7. Smoking
  8. Endometriosis (growth of uterus lining tissues outside the uterus).

Fertility treatments:
The signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include:

  1. Minimal vaginal bleeding
  2. Vomiting and nausea with pain
  3. Pain in the lower abdomen
  4. Sharp cramps in the abdomen
  5. Localised pain (Pain concentrated on one side of your body)
  6. Pain in your neck, rectum or shoulder
  7. Rupture of the fallopian tubes can cause fainting due to the bleeding and pain

The treatment of ectopic pregnancy can be any one of the following:

  1. If the pregnancy has not progressed too far, methotrexate will be administered. This absorbs the pregnancy tissue and can save the fallopian tubes.
  2. The tubes may be removed if they have ruptured or stretched, and have started bleeding.
  3. Laparoscopic surgery (operations performed by making minor incisions) may be performed to remove or repair the tubes and recover the ectopic pregnancy.
7 people found this helpful

Birth Control Pills - How They Affect You?

MBBS, MS -Gynaecologist
IVF Specialist, Varanasi
Birth Control Pills - How They Affect You?

Birth control pills are one of the most common ways women protect themselves against unwanted pregnancy. There are many types of birth control pills available and you must consult a gynaecologist before using any birth control pill. Birth control pills are relatively safe to use but do more than simply prevent pregnancy.

Some of the effects of birth control pills are:

  1. Changes in the menstrual cycle: The use of birth control pills can lead to shortened period or can cause a larger interval between periods. In many cases, birth control pills are prescribed to regulate menstrual cycles. The use of birth control pills has also been linked with fewer menstrual cramps and lesser painful periods. However, they can also cause vaginal bleeding between periods and spotting. This is caused by body’s reaction to different hormone levels and thinner endometrial lining. Spotting and bleeding between periods is usually seen in the first three months of starting to take birth control pills.
  2. Weight gain: Oestrogen in birth control pills can make the fat cells larger than normal and hence cause weight gain. Some women also complain of fluid retention in the breasts and hip region after starting birth control pills. However, not all women put on weight with birth control pills.
  3. HeadachesFluctuating hormone levels can trigger headaches and migraines. The concentration of hormones in the pills is directly linked to the intensity and frequency of headaches. In most cases, these headaches improve over time. If the headaches are very bad, you may need a different type of birth control pill and hence it is best to bring these headaches to your gynaecologist’s notice.
  4. Mood swings: Hormones affect not only your menstrual cycle but also your moods. Studies have shown that birth control pills affect the cortical thickness of parts of the brain linked to the evaluation of incoming stimuli and reward response. This can lead to increased mood swings. For this reason, women suffering from depression must let their doctor know about their condition before starting birth control pills.
  5. Reduced risk of cancerWomen who take birth control pills regularly are said to have a lower risk of suffering from certain types of cancers like ovarian and endometrial cancer.
  6. Clearer skin: Birth control pills can clear your skin and help treat skin conditions like acne. This is primarily because the hormones in these pills reduce the production of testosterone which in turn lowers oil secretion. The lesser the oil produced, the fewer the pimples.
3433 people found this helpful

Bleeding In Early Pregnancy - Can It Be A Miscarriage?

MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Fellowship in Fetal Medicine
Gynaecologist, Amritsar
Bleeding In Early Pregnancy - Can It Be A Miscarriage?

Numerous ladies encounter some bleeding in early pregnancy. Around one in four perceived pregnancies end in an unnatural miscarriage. Most are brought about by irregularities in the genes. Continuously tell your specialist in case you have vaginal bleeding when you are pregnant. Bleeding with pain can likewise be an indication of an ectopic pregnancy. However, it is to be taken seriously and needs dire therapeutic care. Losing a pregnancy can be hard for both the partners. In any case, most couples that encounter this will go ahead to have an effective pregnancy next time. Here are a few reasons why bleeding takes place in early pregnancy:

  1. Numerous women may have a small amount of bleeding during their missed period. Sometimes, this may also be called an implantation bleed. It happens when the prepared egg inserts itself in the mass of your womb (uterus). In such cases, it is considered harmless.
  2. The most widely recognised reason for bleeding is an early premature delivery. Miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy at any time until the twenty- fourth week. A miscarriage after this time is known as a stillbirth.
  3. A less normal reason for bleeding during pregnancy is an ectopic pregnancy. This is a pregnancy that happens outside the womb. It happens in about one in every hundred pregnancies.
  4. Smoking increases your chances of bleeding and miscarriage.
  5. Drinking a lot of liquor can also cause the same. Drinking four units of liquor a week (one unit is a large portion of a half quart) can increase the risk of a miscarriage to four times.
  6. Using recreational medications can lead to bleeding.
  7. Have had fertility issues in the past or having taken a long time to conceive may also create such a condition.
  8. Having any complications with womb (uterus) can cause bleeding.
  9. Have certain medical conditions (for instance, systemic lupus erythematosus, antiphospholipid disorder) may also cause the same.
  10. Have diabetes that is not controllable can lead to bleeding at this time.
  11. Have specific infections like listeria and German measles (rubella) may cause bleeding during pregnancy.

You need to report any bleeding in pregnancy to your specialist. It is essential to get the right conclusion, as unsuccessful labour is not by any means the only aim of vaginal bleeding. In case that you are bleeding intensely or have serious stomach pain when you are pregnant, call an ambulance immediately.

Women with bleeding in early pregnancy need to see an obstetrician. It is important to have an ultrasound check. This is normally done by inserting a little probe inside the vagina. This helps figure out if the bleeding is happening due to:

  1. A possible miscarriage
  2. A premature delivery (no pulse is seen).
  3. Some other reason for bleeding, (for example, an ectopic pregnancy)
  4. In case that it is unclear from your ultrasound check whether the pregnancy is sound or not, then you might need to go for a repeat scan in two weeks.
1 person found this helpful

In Vitro Fertilization - Quick Facts!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
IVF Specialist, Delhi
In Vitro Fertilization - Quick Facts!

In vitro ova) from a woman's ovary are removed. They are combined with sperm outside the body in a laboratory procedure, and then the fertilized egg (zygote) is transferred to the same or another woman’s uterus for a successful Infertility

  1. Blocked fallopian tubes
  2. Endometriosis
  3. Women with ovulation disorder
  4. low sperm count or poor quality sperm
  5. Genetic disorder

Procedures
Two procedures are done to gain access to ovaries

  1. It involves inserting the needle through the vagina (transvaginally). With the help of an laparoscopy, a small thin tube with a viewing lens is inserted through an incision in the navel. This lets physician to see inside the patient, and locate the ovaries.

Method
Without additional techniques, the chances of pregnancy would be extremely small. The additional techniques used in IVF include-

 

  1. Ovarian hyperstimulation- Stimulation to induce development of multiple follicles of the ovaries.
  2. Final maturation induction- Induction of final oocyte maturation is performed, generally by an injection of human HCG), when the ovarian follicles have reached a certain degree of development. This is known as the "trigger shot”
  3. Egg and sperm preparation- Semen is prepared for fertilization by removing inactive cells and seminal fluid in a process called sperm washing. An oocyte selection may be performed prior to fertilization to select eggs with optimal chances of successful pregnancy.
  4. Co-incubation- Eggs are removed from the woman and placed in one of the fallopian tubes, along with the man's sperm. This allows fertilization to take place inside the woman's body. Therefore, this variation is actually an in vivo fertilization, not in vitro.
  5. Embryo culture- The main durations of embryo culture are until cleavage stage (day two to four after co-incubation) or the blastocyst stage (day five or six after co-incubation)
  6. Embryo Ectopic pregnancy
  7. Ovarian rupture, anesthesia
4983 people found this helpful

Care For Your Child Starts In The Womb - Know What Diet Should You Follow During Pregnancy!

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MBBS
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Care For Your Child Starts In The Womb - Know What Diet Should You Follow During Pregnancy!

There is an ongoing intense debate on what to eat, how to eat and when to eat during pregnancy. While quality eating is becoming crucial by the day for everyone, it becomes vital for a pregnant woman. It is a widely known and well-established fact that what a woman eats and drinks during pregnancy is the primary source of nourishment for the baby. So, the experts suggest that a would-be mother should choose a wide array of healthy foods and beverages in order to provide the required nutrients that the baby needs for optimal growth and development.

Foods to eat during pregnancy:
To improve prenatal nutrition, you should eat more fruits, lean protein, vegetables, whole grains and of course, dairy products. You must fill half of your plate with fruits and vegetables, 1/4th of it with lean protein and the remaining 1/4th with whole grains. It is also vital to include dairy products in each meal.

During pregnancy, you should eat more protein, which can be found in dairy products, particularly Greek yogurt. Also, increase your intake of soybean, peanuts, chickpeas, beans, and peas in your daily diet as they are excellent plant-based source of iron, folate, protein, and fiber. Sweet potatoes should always find a place in your diet since they contain copious amounts of beta-carotene, which is converted to Vitamin A in the body. Salmon contains Omega 3-fatty acids such as DHA and EPA, which are required for the development of the baby’s brain and the eyes.

Foods to avoid during pregnancy:

To enhance the good effects of these helpful foods, you should also curb down those that can prove to be detrimental to your health. Some of these include:

  1. Alcohol: Alcohol can directly pass to the baby through the umbilical cord, and heavy consumption of alcohol during pregnancy is linked with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders which may cause physical issues along with learning and behavioral problems in the unborn child.
  2. Fishes with high mercury level: Fishes with high levels of methylmercury can prove to be detrimental to the baby. It is a toxic substance which may pass through the placenta and may prove to be harmful to the unborn baby's brain, nervous and renal system.
  3. Raw meat: A mother may pass the Toxoplasma infection to her baby, which may lead to blindness and mental disability in later life of the child by consuming raw meat. So, it is essential to avoid sushi, uncooked poultry, raw cookie dough, homemade ice cream, tiramisu and raw and undercooked sprouts.

Note that even though pregnancy diet is referred to as eating for two, it doesn't mean that you will have to consume twice as much food as you used to consume. You are not eating for two until your second trimester, and the best thing you can do is to add 300 calories more along with the general dietary intake. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2695 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, I am 42 years old n have 2 kids one of 9 n 6 years old. Again I n conceiving since one month passed. It was by mistake due to rupture of condom. Pls can I abort it please suggest doc.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Yes you can go for abortion ,consult a doctor in person ,if duration of pregnancy is <7 weeks you can go for medical abortion ,if >7 weeks should go for surgical abortion.
1 person found this helpful

I've used abortion pills at 3 months of pregnancy. In the first week too much bleeding and pain but after 3 weeks light bleeding which occurs specially in the evening for one an hour bt too much pain. Too much pain is normal?

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Self medication of abortion pills can be risky ,abortion pills are used upto 7 weeks of pregnancy. If even after 3 weeks you're having pain and bleeding you should immediately consult a doctor in person.
4 people found this helpful

Hello Sir, I am 29 years old .I have hypothyroid since I am 16 years old. Now I am married one year ago. We are planning for kids it has not happened. So I took Appointment for the gynecologist she suggested for all the tests like USG, thyroid and prolactin tests all are normal except my thyroid it is 8.25 TSH. Then she changed my 100 mcg to 125 mcg after that I got my period for 35 days i.e April 12th 2018 previously it is 40 days cycle. Now this month may I didn't get my period till now almost 40 days completed. Am I pregnant or my period is due please let me know sir.

DNB - Obs & GYnae, MBBS, D.G.O - Obs & Gynae, Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
You may be pregnant confirm it with home pregnancy test but also because of hypothyroid periods can be irregular if not controled, so get a repeat tsh to see it's normal or you need to increase the dose further .and with pregnancy further the needs to controlled and tsh has to be near 2.5 -3.
2 people found this helpful

I am 30 year old, trying for baby from 3 months. I had my scan done. On 12th day of my period the follicle was of size 23. On the same day at 12: 00 pm doctor injected me with HCG 10000 and I had relation on 11,12,13 day Please confirm chances of pregnancy. From yesterday means 23 day I am feeling little cramps under abdomen and cravings Please reply to my concern.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Small chance yes, only future missing period and test can decide. Any couple desirous of pregnancy and not getting same naturally must meet Gynecologist or infertility specialist accepting facts that it needs many reports and different trials of treatment. Means couple must have patience and go to one in whom they have trust to stick for long time.

Table of Content

What is Pregnancy?

What changes you face in First Trimester :

What changes you face in Second Trimester :

What changes you face in Second Trimester :

Play video
The Journey To Pregnancy
Hi friends,

I am Dr Sheetal Sachdeva I am a practicing gynecologist in Delhi, Pitampura.

Today I welcome you all to the journey of pregnancy, I am sure one of the happiest moment in the lady's life is when your urine pregnancy test returns positive. There are so many questions which run through your mind, when should I visit to doctor, what all medicines I should be eat in, what all foods to avoid, what all activities to pursue or not pursue. Today I would like to clarify few doubts of yours, let me start you from the time, let's begin from that time actually when you start thinking about starting a family. Once that thought croses your mind you should start your folic acid, should get some basic investigations done with your doctor, avoid the x-rays, eat write, whenever you fall sick tell your attending doctor that you are thinking about starting a family, so the appropriate medicnes are written or avoided. Once you have urine pregnancy positive in front of you then visit your doctor she will advise you folic acid, Folic acid is a vitamin which is supposed to prevent the birth defects in the coming pregnancy. It's good for your baby, it's good for the development of the brain of the baby, after that a few investigation would be done, the your doctor would be giving you some medication for excessive nausea or vomiting, if required. The ultrasound would be done at the appropriate time, we counted the weeks and we count from the first day of your last menstrual period. We know you are never conceive on that day but to standardized the issues, we count weeks from the first day of your last menstrual period. In the first trimester in the fall of visits your doctor would be helping you out with the weight gain as far as the weight gain is concerned there is an average of 1 kg weight gain in the first 3 months. So you don't have to eat too much, eat what you find is appropriate, is present to you avoid outside food, don't eat raw food there is no specified fruit which should be avoided from our side. Coming to the second trimester, the 4th 5th and 6th month of pregnancy you will start feeling the baby's movement. Usually by the end of the fifth month you are able to do so, it's little earlier in the patients you know who have conceived second or the third time, in the first pregnancy you might take a while realizing that these are the baby movements. Your doctor would be advising you appropriate immunizations that would be against tetanus, T-dap and influenza vaccines, Iron and Calcium supplements would be started again as far as the weight gain is concerned there will be an average of 5 kg of weight gain in the middle three months of pregnancy. So eat what is right for you take lot of protein, avoid fats, take appropriate carbohydrates. In the third trimester, that is the 7th 8th and 9th month pregnancy you will start feeling the movements on the better side, so you have to start counting your movements as well, you are the best judge when the movements are lighter or stronger on that day, in case there is any doubt consult your gynaecologist. On an average it's always better to lie on your left or the right side 1 hour after you take your food as an breakfast, lunch and dinner and then perceive your movements, babies are more active after you had your food. You will be continuing with the Iron, calcium supplements or any other medications if required. There is an again an average weight gain of 5 kgs in the third trimester. Now regarding a few issues which sleeping posture to be avoided or promoted you can lie on whichever side you want left or right, in the first three months you can even lie on your tummy, but after that you won't be comfortable doing that. Second, as far as what are the foods to be avoided or eaten? Whatever is palatable to you, take high, good protein, take well cooked home cooked food, avoid food from outside because of the hygiene issues, which activities to pursue you can do basic yoga, you can do basic walk, its always good for you. Pregnancy is not a disease and you should be as active as possible unless and until your doctor advises against it.

I am sure and hopeful that I have cleared that some of your doubts have been cleared and I will happy to help you, I am doctor Sheetal Sachdeva, I will be available at my clinic in Pitampura, Delhi or you can consult me on Lybrate, Lybrate as well.

All the best for your journey.
Play video
Diabetes During Pregnancy
Namaskar!

I am Dr Nikhil D Datar I am a senior gynaecologist practicing in the area of Mumbai, I practice mainly in westerns aboves of Mumbai. I am attach to Cloudnine hospital, Lifewave hospital and Yashoda Hospital situated in the area of Malad and Goregaon.

Today I am going to speak to you about a very burning issue that is diabetes and blood pressure that occurs during pregnancy. Many of times these are the problems that are not detected by the people because usually patients do not have any great suffering or any great symptoms. So it is very important that you go to your doctor on regular basis and get yourself check mainly for the blood pressure as well as for the sugar level during pregnancy. These are two problems which if detected in time they can be treated very-very well and you get a very successful outcome, so you can definitely be a healthy mother and give a birth to a healthy baby. However, if it all these things are not taken care of then it can really be a dangerous thing. Both these problems occur because of the fact that you are pregnant, so it means that unless and until the delivery takes place these problems are not going to go away. Both blood pressure and diabetes can have significant side effects on the mother's health as well as on the baby s health. So it is very important that the obstetrician that you are going to on both hands checks on the mother's health as well as the baby s health and keeps that balance between these two situations. Senior obstetrician were well experienced can take care of such kind of problems very-very well and as an what I told you that early detection, quick and immediate treatment, regular kind of follow-up, diet, exercise and medical management frequent and regular monitoring can give you a brilliant outcome and you will have a very-very successful pregnancy and healthy baby at the end of the pregnancy.

I wish you all a good luck and of course Lybrate platform is there on which you can take an appointment for me or you can also do an online consultation or chatting with me. Thank you.
Play video
How Long Can You Avoid Pregnancy?
I m Dr. Veena Shinde. I m obstetric, gynecologist and infertility specialist.

I have been practicing in Mumbai since last 26 years. And I m seeing the trends that girls today don t want to be pregnant at an early age. But they have a facility of egg freezing. And with experience today we can get good embryos once we retrieve the eggs at younger age. See many of the girls have living relationships but because of career they are not able to have a baby at a younger age. The best age is 22 to 28 even 30. I have seek girls coming at 39 for egg freezing, it is very difficult to get good quality eggs at 39 years of age. Although you are financially independent and in a state to freeze your eggs at 39, it s not recommended that you freeze your eggs at 39. You should do this between 25 to 30 years of age.

If you need any more information you can contact me on lybrate.com
Play video
5 Essential Steps to a Healthy Pregnancy
Hello friend,

Mai Dr. Ekta Singh gynecologist in Noida.

Aaj hum kuch aap se share karte hain kuch discuss karte hain abou obs and gynae.

Toh aaj hum jo topic choose karte hain that is pregnancy mein hum care kaise kare, pregnancy hamari life ka ek bahut precious event hota hai aur usme ek family ko ya us lady ko apni care kaise karni chahiye jisse ki hum ek bahut acchi, apne baby ko janam de paye that is very important. So agar first hum care ki baat kare toh shayad aap kahoge medical care jab bhi aap pregnant hote hain aap apne gynae ke paas jate hain, toh aap jante ho pregnancy is a natural process toh doctor ka kaam kya hota hai. Jab bhi aap pregnant hote hain aap apne gynae ke paas jate hain toh woh aapko supervise karti hai aapki pregnancy ko, woh dekhti hai ki kahi koi abnormality uss normal process mein develop to nahi ho rahi hai ya aisa koi indication to nahi mil raha hai jo develop ho sakta hai abnormality, toh usko treat karne ki ya prevent karne ki koshish karti hai, yeh woh different test examination dwara karte hain. Aur Ideally agar aap apni pregnancy se pehle hi preconception time mein miliye apne doctor say toh zayda behter hota hai. Second care ki baat karenge toh shayad aap sabhi jante hain aur aap bolenge hi ki nutrition, diet and nutrition kaise lena chahiye pregnancy mein, yeh bhi bahut hi jyada important hai kyunki hamara baby jaisa nutrition hum le rahe hain ek pregnant lady uss pe depend karta hai uss bachche ka growth, toh aap ki diet mein, diet ki baat kare toh jaise aap jante honge calcium rich diet hamare bache ki bones banani hai hamara baccha develop ho raha hai uski bones banani hai toh aap calcium rich diet chahte hain ki aap ki pregnant lady lene chahiye. Toh jaise dairy products aap jante ho calcium milta hai hame doodh, dahi, bahut acche se milta hai usko zaroor shamil kare lagbhag aadhe se ek kilo kam se kam aap doodh lein, paneer ke roop mein lena bhi theek hai but usme jo aapka bhi nikal jata hai that is not very good. So iske alawa iron rich diet aapke bachche ka blood banana hai, iske liye iron chahiye hota hai aapke mein blood adhik banne ki jarurat hai pregnant lady ko. Toh iron rich diet le sakte hain, green leafy vegetables hoti hai and aap jante ho beetroot mein kafi iron hota hai chukandar hai that is beetroot, dates hain dates thodi amount mein thodi amount mein aap kishmish raisins le sakte ho, chini avoid kare uski jagah thodi ek, do kishmish le toh jyada behtar hai. High protein diet aapke baby ka muscles banana hai aapke muscles ko strong hona hai toh protein is very important, protein aap ko milta hai daaloo main ya dudh mein bhi bahut accha protein hota hai aap wo le. Diet ke saath hi, nutrition ke saath hi hum baat kare to water intake is very important. Water intake kitna, le kab le, kaisa le or kab pani na le that all are very important. Toh hamme pregnancy mein jyada amount mein pani lena, gunguna pani is always good in summers also, in winters also and khana ke turant baad aap pan na le, khane se ek ghanta pehle ek ghanta baad mein, bahut choti choti baatein hoti hai lekin aap ki pregnancy ko healthy karne mein ye bahut important role play karte hain. Then hum aate hain third care kya samajhte hain aapka kya hoti hai 3rd care, toh exercise ya activity, physical activity ke aaj se lagbhag dus saal ya panch pehle hum baat hi nahi karte thay pregnancy ke dauran kyunki uss samay aap apni mother ki baat kare jab aap pait mein honge toh ghar ke sabhi kaam karti thi, toh physically wo bahut active rehti thi but aaj ke samay mai jaise mai ek gynecologist hoon, yeah maybe aap ek teacher honge, aap ek engineer honge, ya IT mein honge, ek bank professional mein honge, ek as female lady jo pregnant ho gayi hai ya pregnant hai, toh woh subah se shaam bandi subah se shaam chair par baithi hoti hai toh physically koi proper activity nahi ho pati hai. A ur shayad aap ye jante honge ki jab hum physical activity hain toh hamari puri body ka blood circulate hota hai toh obviously jaise hum daud ke aaye kahin se toh aap dekhte ho redness, pura chehra red ho jata hai iska matlab ki blood circulate hota hai toh same way jab aap physically active hote ho toh aap ke bachche tak bhi blood flow acchaa jata hai. Toh aap jo bhi khaoge aap ka nutrition, aapke vitamins, minerals wo sara kuch aapke bacche tak pahuchega. Toh physically active hona bahut saari exercise hai jo ek pregnant lady, uske bache ke liye bahut hi jyada important hai, yoga hai jo aap jaan sakte ho aap kar sakte ho. Iske baad chauthi baat kare hum toh theek kaunsi care chahiye toh breathing techniques, aap jante ho ki oxygen hamari har cell ke function ke liye bahut important hoti hai toh oxygen hamare bacche tak kaise jayegi ye hamare body ke kisi bhi organ tak kaise jayegi, toh aap jab gehri saans lene ki exercise karte hain deep breathing karte hain just oxygen ander jayegi carbon dioxide or toxins niklenge aur woh aap ki pregnancy ko healthy banayenge aapke bacche ki growth ko increase karaenge. And last but not the least or I can say the most important thing is ki aap mentally kya think karte ho uss pregnancy are pregnancy hone ke just pehle se hai aap ki thinking kaise rehti, hai aap kis baare me sochte ho, aapka mental attitude kya rehta hai yeh bahut hi jyada important hai. Abse jo 4 humne pehle ki hamne care ki medical care, nutrition diet care, aapki physical activity ya exercise, yoga care, ya aapse breathing technique oxygen jyada pahunchne ki ye saari care aapke bacche ki body ko accha banaegi. Toh aapka baccha aapko chahiye intelligent bhi, emotionally stable bhi, happy child aapko chahiye toh zaroor aap dhyan rakhe ki aapka uss samay thinking kaisi chal rahi hai, aapki positive thinking aap ki pregnancy ko, aapke bache ko uski puri life ke liye bahut kuch de sakti hai, ek positive life pura jo aap nine-month jis tarah se rahoge aapka mental attitude jo rahega wo aapke bachche ka 9 months ko carry karega.

So best of luck for your pregnancy, so thank you thank you very much. If you want to consult me you can come to my clinic which is a Noida or you can take appointment from Lybrate also, Thank you very much.
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