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Pregnancy - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Pregnancy is the most exciting phase of woman life and it is beyond imagination that she is carrying a baby inside her womb. The first and important sign of pregnancy is missed periods. When a woman misses a period, then pregnancy tests can be conducted to confirm whether the women is pregnant.

Although many women prepare themselves for the pregnancy, they are unaware of the changes that will happen in the body as the pregnancy causes. They should be prepared for these bodily changes and be sure to contact the doctor in case of any discomfort due to the symptoms.

Each woman experiences pregnancy differently. The first trimester is a period of health and vitality, for others, it is extremely difficult. Spotting or bleeding may be seen in the first trimester. Bleeding may happen when the fertilised egg gets embedded in the uterine walls causing a minor bleeding. If bleeding is accompanied by sharp pain or cramps then it can be a sign of miscarriage. Breast tenderness, discharge, fatigue, heartburn, vomiting, food cravings, mood swings, and constipation may be other signs in the first trimester of pregnancy. Some women experience high levels of vomiting called Hyperemesis gravidarum and is a serious condition as the pregnant woman may lose fluids and minerals due to vomiting.

The second trimester is a honeymoon phase when the extreme symptoms in the first trimester subside and the woman gets more relaxed. In this trimester the organs of the baby are fully formed and growth of the baby starts. Women can feel the baby kick in their womb. Women in the trimester may experience a backache due to the increase in weight of the fetus, bleeding gums due to changes in hormones, breast enlargement as the breast gets ready to feed the baby, bleeding nose and congestion may be caused due to hormone changes. Vaginal discharge is common during this stage and should be treated by a doctor if the discharge is green or foul smelling. Frequent urination and headaches may be common in women in the second trimester.

With the approach of the third trimester, a pregnant woman is well aware of the approaching delivery. In this period, the sudden cramps develop, these are called Braxton Hicks. The cramps are a signal of the uterus getting ready for delivery. Women get heavier and become tired of being pregnant. Many changes that are seen in the second trimester gets carried over to the third trimester of pregnancy.

The end of the third trimester is delivery and women should eat well and be prepared for the delivery with proper exercise. Good thoughts about delivery can overcome the anxiety of the pain and fear of delivery.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Aversion to food Bloating Sore breasts Nausea Mood swings

Popular Health Tips

Rectocele - The Most Common Reasons Behind It!

Dr. Sujata Agrawal 86% (126 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Ultrasound, Fellowship In Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Rectocele - The Most Common Reasons Behind It!
Also known as Posterior Prolapse, Rectocele involves weakening of the walls between vagina and rectum, thereby, causing the rectal wall to swell and protrude into the space of the vagina. This bulging is a common, but temporary problem that arises after childbirth. In severe cases, the swollen tissues may extend out of the vaginal opening and usually cause more discomfort than pain. What are the most common causes of Rectocele? An upright posture places a lot of weight on the pelvic region, which is probably the most important cause for Rectocele or Posterior Prolapse. Constipation is also a very valid reason for Rectocele because it causes straining of the connective tissues that separate the vagina and the rectum. Constant heavy lifting and indiscriminate increase of body weight may also put a lot of pressure on the pelvic region that could ultimately lead to weakening of rectal and vaginal tissues. Weakening of vaginal passageway due to pregnancy and childbirth is also a common reason for Rectocele development. Chances of developing Posterior Prolapse increases with age. Physiological problems posed due to Rectocele: Passage of bowel becomes difficult and may sometimes require pressure on the vaginal bulge. The protrusion of tissue takes place from your vaginal opening, when you strain while passing bowel. This usually happens in people with constipation. This disorder may also induce a sensation that the bowel tract has not been fully emptied even after passing stool. Such vaginal bulging also causes difficulties and embarrassing concerns during sexual intercourse. Medical recommendations and preventive measures to tackle Rectocele: Home made remedies and exercise are usually effective. Performing exercises help re tighten the pelvic muscles and tissues, thus reversing the effects of Rectocele. Vaginal pessaries or rubber rings, inserted into the vagina, can also support loose tissues and keep them in place. Surgical procedures are hardly needed in most cases of Rectocele. But if the issue is chronic, you may opt for removing the protruding tissues by surgery or strengthen the boundary between vagina and rectum by a mesh patch. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult.
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Blood Clots in Pregnancy - How To Prevent This Deadly Problem?

Dr. K S Anamika 92% (304 ratings)
Advanced Infertility, MIS TRAINING, FICMCH, PGDS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Blood Clots in Pregnancy - How To Prevent This Deadly Problem?
Women during pregnancy are more prone to blood clots. The occurrence of blood clots during pregnancy is more commonly known as DVT or deep-vein thrombosis in the medical world. Deep-vein thrombosis refers to a condition in which blood clots form in the veins of the pelvic region or legs. Blood clots during pregnancy definitely aggravate the risks associated with pregnancy. Women generally experience blood clots in the first three months of their pregnancy. The symptoms of blood clot during pregnancy include: You may notice swelling in the calf and thigh region. Pain sensation in your pelvic and leg region. Feeling of pain in the legs while walking. If the condition is severe, then it may lead to chest pain or breathing troubles. Treatment: Deep-vein thrombosis or blood clot during pregnancy may become fatal in nature if it results in Pulmonary Embolism, where the blood vessels of the lungs get affected. Blood clot in pregnant women can be treated by prescribing an anticoagulant which helps to prevent the blood from clotting further. Blood clot during pregnancy may be prevented in the following ways: A healthy lifestyle can help you to prevent blood clots. Exercising regularly is extremely beneficial for proper blood circulation and can also help you to prevent blood clots. Do not lead a sedentary lifestyle; a sedentary lifestyle is pretty much always the menace. Seeking a doctor s advice at an initial stage is very important to avoid further complications such as heart attacks or miscarriage.
414 people found this helpful

7 Common Problems That You May Face During Pregnancy

Dr. Ritu Gupta 88% (10 ratings)
MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Dehradun
7 Common Problems That You May Face During Pregnancy
Pregnancy can put quite a strain on your body. As your body changes to accommodate the growing baby, you may find yourself suffering from a few common discomforts associated with the various stages of pregnancy. Most of these are nothing to worry about. Here are a few of the most common problems faced by pregnant women. Backaches: As the body s ligaments stretch and become softer to prepare for labour, you may feel a strain on your lower back and pelvis. This can cause a chronic backache. The growing weight of the fetus within your body can also add to this discomfort. Morning sickness: Despite its name, morning sickness can affect you at any time of the day. Most women begin to experience nausea and an urge to vomit from the 4th or 6th week of pregnancy, but this usually resolves itself by the 16th or 20th week of pregnancy. Some women may even feel sick for the entire day. Bleeding gums: Pregnancy hormones can make your gums more vulnerable to the build-up of plaque. This can lead to inflammation and bleeding gums. This condition may also be known as pregnancy gingivitis. Cramps: Many pregnant women complain of cramps in their calves and feet. This usually is more common at night, but the cause behind it is not clear. Urinary incontinence: Urinary incontinence is a problem experienced by many women during and after pregnancy. They often find themselves involuntarily urinating while coughing, laughing or sneezing. In most cases, this is a temporary problem caused by the relaxation of pelvic floor muscles (to prepare for delivery) and should resolve itself after delivery. Women may also find themselves feeling the urge to urinate frequently. This may be because of the pressure being placed on your bladder by the uterus. Skin and hair changes: Pregnancy hormones can make birthmarks, moles and freckles darken. Your nipples may also turn darker. In addition to this, you may notice the bumps around the nipples become more prominent. Pregnant women may also find their skin more prone to sunburns. You may also notice an increased rate of hair growth. Feeling hotter than normal: The hormonal changes occurring during pregnancy can make you feel warmer than normal because of increased blood supply to the skin. You may also find yourself sweating more than usual. In addition, you may also feel faint because of decreased blood supply to the brain.
2641 people found this helpful

Pregnancy - 12 Problems You Might Face!

Dr. Sunita Chavan 87% (215 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gorakhpur
Pregnancy - 12 Problems You Might Face!
Pregnancy is not always a glorious experience. It comes with its effects and conditions. The 12 most common pregnancy side effects include the following: Morning sickness: Most pregnant women experience the ill effects of queasiness, vomiting, or both during their first trimester. These effects are generally exceedingly terrible in the morning; however, they can get better as the day passes. Sickness frequently occurs in the first 14 weeks. However, for a couple of women, it can last until the last month. Frequent urge to urinate: Even before you knew you were pregnant, you may have observed that you had to urinate all the more regularly. It is one of the most common and most basic indications of pregnancy. Vaginal discharge: You are not envisioning it. What you are seeing is likely leucorrhoea the scentless and smooth release that you found in your clothing once in a while before you were pregnant. However, this increases all the more during pregnancy. Gas and bloating: Try not to be astounded in case you wind up burping like a young kid or unbuttoning your jeans to ease the bloating. It is very common during pregnancy. Bleeding gums: During pregnancy it is normal to have swollen, delicate gums that bleed when you floss or brush. This is caused by the changing hormone levels, which make your gums respond more to the bacteria in plaque. Clogging: In case that it is any relief, obstruction affects many pregnant women. One cause is the increase in the hormone progesterone, which moderates the development of food through your digestive system. Over-the-top salivation: A few women feel as if they are salivating more than expected during pregnancy, particularly when they are sickened. Some of the women have so much salivation that they sometimes end up spitting. Haemorrhoids: Haemorrhoids are veins in the rectal area that have turned out to be strangely swollen. They can be simply irritating or excruciating, and at times, they even cause rectal bleeding. Bothersome skin: It is normal to feel irritated, especially as your skin extends because of your developing tummy and breasts. You may find that the conditions such as dry skin, dermatitis and hypersensitivity make you need to scratch often. Nosebleeds: Pregnancy can bring about the veins in your nose to grow, and your expanded blood supply puts more weight on those sensitive vessels, making them crack more usually. Swollen edema: It is common to have a specific measure of swelling during pregnancy as you are holding more water in your body. Changes in your blood can cause some liquid to move into your tissue. Yeast infections: There is dependably a specific amount of yeast in your vagina. This yeast becomes an issue when it grows so quick that it overpowers other contending microorganisms.
4490 people found this helpful

5 Essential Steps to a Healthy Pregnancy

Dr. Ekta Singh 88% (30 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Noida
Play video
The main aim of Prenatal Care is to provide regular check-ups that allow a doctor to treat and prevent potential health problems throughout the course of the pregnancy.
2 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

In prega news only 1 line which was shown on T then what are the chances for pregnancy?

Dr. Neelam Nath 95% (7487 ratings)
Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
If T is positive, C has to be positive. There can't be just one line of T only. Repeat the test. Kit should be stored in the fridge.
1 person found this helpful

Doctor, I am 23 years old, before period, kya 12 din Ki pregnancy prega news se identify Ki ja sakti he?

Dr. Neelam Nath 95% (7487 ratings)
Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Before periods, blood test for beta hcg hormone which is positive only when the woman is pregnant and implantation has taken place.
1 person found this helpful

My wife is 3 months pregnant. She is having cough since last 5 months. She coughs only at night before going to bed and early morning after waking up and only in our room. We went abroad for a week and she didn't have any cough there. She also went her home in 2 month of pregnancy for 10 days and she didn't have any cough there. It's dry cough. We did 2 times antibiotic course of amoxcilin obviously that was obviously before we got to know she in pregnant. We have a dog at home. But we are married for last 1 year and 7 months and in starting there was no problem and at that time our dog used to sleep in our room at night. Dog is wandering in whole house and there is no cough during day time even when playing with dog. We also slept in another room in our house only for 1 night and that night also there was no cough. Nothing new has been done or added in our room. Please help up. We have seen many docs but no help.

Dr. Sujatha Rajnikanth 90% (233 ratings)
MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), (MRCOG)
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Hi lybrate-user I do not think it has anything to do with the dog. Do you use A/C. Sometimes, the air conditioning can dry the air and cause dry cough. Antibiotics are useless and please do not take anymore. Try keeping a plate of water in the room, to make the air humid, and that should help. The way you describe it, at time of going to bed and waking up, can also mean post nasal drip. That is, saliva and secretions from nose can trickle to throat with change in position and cause cough. Let her drink warm water, and try home remedy like a mix of cinnamon powder and honey, which acts well on dry cough. Hope this helps. Do reply with any doubts.

Health Quizzes

How Safe Is Intense Exercise During Pregnancy?

Dr. Sandhya Mishra 88% (135 ratings)
MBBS, MS -Gynaecologist
IVF Specialist, Varanasi
There is no contraindication to exercising during pregnancy. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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2691 people took this quiz

Is It Safe to Exercise During Pregnancy?

Dr. Rajan Joshi 89% (164 ratings)
MD Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Ahmedabad
Starting an exercise regimen during pregnancy is not advisable. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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175 people took this quiz

Pregnancy Nutrition IQ

Dr. Apoorva Pallam Reddy 89% (209 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Whether you know it or not, you might be showing some early signs of weak pregnancy. Take this quiz to help you figure out if it's time to take a pregnancy nutrition check.
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128 people took this quiz

How to keep healthy during pregnancy?

Dr. Seema Jain 92% (55 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (MRCOG)
Gynaecologist, Pune
Weight gain is good during pregnancy. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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58 people took this quiz

Pregnant - What Should You Not Eat During It?

Dr. Shyama Nivas 92% (260 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Patna
When you are pregnant, you must stay away from raw eggs. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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