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Pregnancy - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Pregnancy is the most exciting phase of woman life and it is beyond imagination that she is carrying a baby inside her womb. The first and important sign of pregnancy is missed periods. When a woman misses a period, then pregnancy tests can be conducted to confirm whether the women is pregnant.

Although many women prepare themselves for the pregnancy, they are unaware of the changes that will happen in the body as the pregnancy causes. They should be prepared for these bodily changes and be sure to contact the doctor in case of any discomfort due to the symptoms.

Each woman experiences pregnancy differently. The first trimester is a period of health and vitality, for others, it is extremely difficult. Spotting or bleeding may be seen in the first trimester. Bleeding may happen when the fertilised egg gets embedded in the uterine walls causing a minor bleeding. If bleeding is accompanied by sharp pain or cramps then it can be a sign of miscarriage. Breast tenderness, discharge, fatigue, heartburn, vomiting, food cravings, mood swings, and constipation may be other signs in the first trimester of pregnancy. Some women experience high levels of vomiting called Hyperemesis gravidarum and is a serious condition as the pregnant woman may lose fluids and minerals due to vomiting.

The second trimester is a honeymoon phase when the extreme symptoms in the first trimester subside and the woman gets more relaxed. In this trimester the organs of the baby are fully formed and growth of the baby starts. Women can feel the baby kick in their womb. Women in the trimester may experience a backache due to the increase in weight of the fetus, bleeding gums due to changes in hormones, breast enlargement as the breast gets ready to feed the baby, bleeding nose and congestion may be caused due to hormone changes. Vaginal discharge is common during this stage and should be treated by a doctor if the discharge is green or foul smelling. Frequent urination and headaches may be common in women in the second trimester.

With the approach of the third trimester, a pregnant woman is well aware of the approaching delivery. In this period, the sudden cramps develop, these are called Braxton Hicks. The cramps are a signal of the uterus getting ready for delivery. Women get heavier and become tired of being pregnant. Many changes that are seen in the second trimester gets carried over to the third trimester of pregnancy.

The end of the third trimester is delivery and women should eat well and be prepared for the delivery with proper exercise. Good thoughts about delivery can overcome the anxiety of the pain and fear of delivery.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Aversion to food Bloating Sore breasts Nausea Mood swings

Popular Health Tips

Healthy Pregnancy

Dr. Richa Sharma 91% (138 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, FNB Reproductive Medicine, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Healthy Pregnancy
To increase your stamina for performing various activies during the middle of your pregnancy, consume foods like red meat, green leafy vegetables, good quality cereals and fresh fruits which are rich in vitamin c and iron.
1 person found this helpful

10 Vitamins & Minerals That You Must Eat Everyday!

Dr. S Kumar 90% (125 ratings)
Phd - Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
10 Vitamins & Minerals That You Must Eat Everyday!
Talk about nutrition and carbs, proteins and fats come to the mind immediately. However, these are the macronutrients and are not the only group of nutrients. More important are the micronutrients, comprising of a group of very important substances known as minerals and vitamins. Read on to know the most important vitamins and minerals that your body needs and the role they play. Vitamin A: Essential for healthy eyes, general growth and development and glowing skin. These are found in carrots, sweet potatoes and oranges. Vitamin B: These are essential for iron absorption, improved immunity and production of energy. Whole grains and unprocessed foods and vegetables like lentils, potatoes, bananas, yeast and molasses are good sources of these vitamins. Vitamin C: Required for iron absorption, blood clotting, elastic skin and antioxidant function. Found in good amounts in citrus fruits, guava, kiwi, grapefruits, strawberries, etc. Vitamin D: Extremely important for bone development, these are found in eggs, mushrooms and fish. Vitamin E: It improves the blood circulation and reduces free radicals, which is essential for cancer protection. Almonds, nuts, tomatoes and sunflower seeds are good sources of vitamin E. Vitamin K: It is very essential for the process of blood coagulation, these are found in spinach, broccoli, kale and other green vegetables. Iron: Very essential ingredient for blood formation and muscle building, clams, oysters, soybeans, lentils and spinach are great sources of iron. Calcium: Most important ingredient, as it helps in the formation of teeth and bones, dairy products, tofu and cheese are very good sources. Zinc: A key ingredient essential for overall growth, immunity and fertility, spinach, beans, oysters and dark chocolate carry a good amount of Zinc. Folic acid: Essential for iron absorption, cell regeneration, and in pregnancy for healthy development of the baby. Green leafy vegetables, asparagus, peas, seeds, nuts, lentils, beets, corn, etc. are good sources. Trace minerals like iodine, manganese, copper, fluoride, selenium and chromium are also essential but in very small amounts. While these are not the only essential vitamins and minerals, these are the most important ones. The quantities of these substances required on a daily basis are very small, but critical for functions listed above. In addition, some of them also help in releasing free radicals, which provides protection against cancer and chronic inflammation. This helps prevent chronic health conditions like heart disease, diabetes and stroke. An important point to consider is while there are multiple supplements available in the market today to make sure you get all of these nutrients, try to eat a wholesome meal and get these through natural sources to the maximum extent possible. The natural foods are the best source, and supplements should be used only when these cannot be obtained naturally.
4470 people found this helpful

What to Eat and What to Avoid in Pregnancy?

Dr. Gayatri Bala Juneja 94% (155 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, DNB - Obstetrics and Gynecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Play video
A Food Guide for Pregnant Women

Bleeding In First Trimester - It Could Be A Sign Of Miscarriage!

Dr. Nupur Gupta 91% (253 ratings)
MICOG, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Bleeding In First Trimester - It Could Be A Sign Of Miscarriage!
Miscarriage is termed as the loss of the fetus in or before 20th week of pregnancy. Medically, miscarriage is known as spontaneous abortion though the word spontaneous is more of a keyword as it is not an abortion. Symptoms of Miscarriage are weakness, back pain, fever, abdominal pain along with severe cramps and bleeding which starts from slow to heavy. Common cause of miscarriage is when the fetus is known to have fatal genetic problems and these are not related with the mother. The other causes are: Infection, medical problems like thyroid and diabetes, immune system rejection, hormonal imbalance, abnormalities of the uterus, and physical problems of the mother. If a woman is over 35 years of age, has thyroid and diabetes and has had an earlier miscarriage then that woman is at a high risk of getting a miscarriage. Sometimes a miscarriage might take place due to the cervical insufficiency. This is due to the weak cervix, also known as the incomponent cervix, which is unable to hold the pregnancy. A miscarriage in this condition usually occurs in the second trimester. Though there are a very few symptoms in this but there might be a feeling of sudden pressure that the water is going to break and tissues from the placenta and fetus are released without any pain. This can however be treated by a stitch in the cervix at 12 weeks. This stitch helps to hold the cervix until the full term is completed. If it is first pregnancy and cervical insufficiency is diagnosed then also a stitch can be applied thus resulting in full term and avoiding miscarriage. Diagnosis of Miscarriage: The doctor does a pelvic test, an ultrasound and blood tests to confirm a miscarriage. Blood tests are done to analyze the pregnancy hormone hCG. This is monitored regularly if miscarriage is suspected. Genetic tests, blood tests and medication are important in women who have a history of prior miscarriages. Pelvic ultrasound and hysterosalpingogram are tests which are done when there are repeated miscarriages. Test like hysteroscopy is also done. In this the doctor observes the inside of the uterus with a device which is thin and like a telescope. This is inserted in the vagina and cervix. If the cervix is dilated, then the woman might be diagnosed with an incompetent cervix and this can be corrected by cerclage - a procedure done to close the cervix. If the blood type of the pregnant woman is Rh negative, she is prescribed a blood product called Rh immune globulin (Rhogam). This prevents from forming antibodies which could turn to be harmful for the baby.
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4 Tips To Prevent UTI During Pregnancy

Dr. Nitin Sangamnerkar 88% (112 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Pune
4 Tips To Prevent UTI During Pregnancy
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is usually caused by inflammation or bacteria in the urinary tract. Pregnant mothers are most susceptible to this infection, especially after the sixth week and before the twenty fourth week of pregnancy. This usually happens due to the alterations that take place in the urinary tract during pregnancy. Also, a growing uterus can block the urine drainage from this part of the body, leading to the accumulation of bacteria which causes infection. The symptoms are uncomfortable and even painful. These include pain and burning sensation, frequent urination, fever and chills. So how can you prevent UTI during pregnancy? we have a few tips for you! - Hydration: The best thing you can do to both prevent and treat a urinary tract infection is to start drinking at least six to eight glasses of water in a day. Another good way to prevent and treat UTIs is with the help of cranberry juice which has powerful antioxidants that flush toxins out of your system effectively. You will, however, need to ensure that the cranberry juice is fresh and natural, without any sweeteners. - Hygiene: Keeping yourself clean is one of the most important ways in which you can avoid UTI. It is best to clean from front to back, rather than the other way, so that you drive away bacteria and dirt. Also, make sure that you wash your private parts with warm water infused with a few drops of normal liquid antibacterial, so that you can be sure that the bacteria do not get a chance to thrive and affect your system. Also, remember to use soaps, washes and creams that have a mild formula, rather than a harsh chemical concoction. Hygiene for this area of the body includes keeping it dry. - Diet: Your diet should have plenty of fluids and lemons or other citrus food that are rich in vitamin c, as this is a good vitamin to keep bacteria at bay. Also, you should eliminate sweet and refined products to ensure that you do not contract UTI. Other foods to avoid include caffeine and alcohol. - Clothing: Wear airy and cotton based undergarments that are breathable and have a soft texture. This non abrasive type clothing can also help in keeping the area dry, so that bacteria does not get a chance to develop, as they typically need a damp environment for growth. Change your undergarments twice a day, if need be, and avoid wearing trousers and shorts that are too tight. These tips and many others including urinating as soon as the urge sets in, can help in fighting the risk of contracting UTI during pregnancy.
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Popular Questions & Answers

Me ne suna hai ke pregnancy me bhi periods aa sakte hai agar aa te hai to woh kab tak aa ta hai or pregnancy me kitni baar aa sakta hai.

Dr. Vishakha Salve 86% (405 ratings)
DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Pune
No there are no peroid in pregnancy but in some condition there can be bleeding which has to be treated.

I had sex with my bf in 1st and 2nd day during period. I want to ask you am I get pregnant or not?

Dr. Tanima Bhattacharyya 85% (304 ratings)
DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), FWT (W.B)
Homeopath, 24 Parganas
Hi Lybrate user, you are totally safe because during mentrual period ovalution not happen, take care.
1 person found this helpful

Mam mene tablet li thi abortion k liye to 5 days time aaya fir hlka hlka aaya 2 din fir bnd ho gya fir 4 din bnd RHA or uske baad subah aaya fir sham ko bnd ho gya ab kl s bnd h or mene prega news s test Kiya h to negative AA RHA h to koi problem h Kya or esa Kyu hua h.

Dr. Neelam Nath 92% (7019 ratings)
Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
If you are within 8 weeks of pregnancy, medical abortion is successful and your test is negative in some cases pieces retained can lead to complications like hemorrhage like bleeding and infections visit a recognized center of family welfare and get counseling done about a small opd procedure of Menstrual regulation done with special syringe to sucks out pieces in the uterus.

Health Quizzes

1st Trimester Pregnancy and Sex

Dr. Neha Lalla 92% (117 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Thane
Too much of lovemaking in the first trimester can pave the way for miscarriage and other birth defects. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
Start Quiz

First Trimester Of Pregnancy - Things You Must Avoid!

Dr. G.K. Bedi 84% (25 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Chandigarh
Getting enough sleep is very important during the first trimester of your pregnancy. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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Exercising During Pregnancy - Is It Safe?

Dr. Vinod Kumar 86% (51 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
It is safe to exercise during pregnancy. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Quiz on Nutrition Tips for Pregnant Women

MBBS, DGO, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Chennai
During pregnancy, you can eat fish but shouldn't give into your cravings. True or false? Take this quiz to find out now.
Start Quiz

Test Your Pregnancy Nutrition IQ

Dr. Meenu Goyal 88% (630 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Whether you know it or not, you might be showing some early signs of weak pregnancy. Take this quiz to help you figure out if it's time to take a pregnancy nutrition check.
Start Quiz

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