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Pregnancy - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Pregnancy is the most exciting phase of woman life and it is beyond imagination that she is carrying a baby inside her womb. The first and important sign of pregnancy is missed periods. When a woman misses a period, then pregnancy tests can be conducted to confirm whether the women is pregnant.

Although many women prepare themselves for the pregnancy, they are unaware of the changes that will happen in the body as the pregnancy causes. They should be prepared for these bodily changes and be sure to contact the doctor in case of any discomfort due to the symptoms.

Each woman experiences pregnancy differently. The first trimester is a period of health and vitality, for others, it is extremely difficult. Spotting or bleeding may be seen in the first trimester. Bleeding may happen when the fertilised egg gets embedded in the uterine walls causing a minor bleeding. If bleeding is accompanied by sharp pain or cramps then it can be a sign of miscarriage. Breast tenderness, discharge, fatigue, heartburn, vomiting, food cravings, mood swings, and constipation may be other signs in the first trimester of pregnancy. Some women experience high levels of vomiting called Hyperemesis gravidarum and is a serious condition as the pregnant woman may lose fluids and minerals due to vomiting.

The second trimester is a honeymoon phase when the extreme symptoms in the first trimester subside and the woman gets more relaxed. In this trimester the organs of the baby are fully formed and growth of the baby starts. Women can feel the baby kick in their womb. Women in the trimester may experience a backache due to the increase in weight of the fetus, bleeding gums due to changes in hormones, breast enlargement as the breast gets ready to feed the baby, bleeding nose and congestion may be caused due to hormone changes. Vaginal discharge is common during this stage and should be treated by a doctor if the discharge is green or foul smelling. Frequent urination and headaches may be common in women in the second trimester.

With the approach of the third trimester, a pregnant woman is well aware of the approaching delivery. In this period, the sudden cramps develop, these are called Braxton Hicks. The cramps are a signal of the uterus getting ready for delivery. Women get heavier and become tired of being pregnant. Many changes that are seen in the second trimester gets carried over to the third trimester of pregnancy.

The end of the third trimester is delivery and women should eat well and be prepared for the delivery with proper exercise. Good thoughts about delivery can overcome the anxiety of the pain and fear of delivery.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Aversion to food Bloating Sore breasts Nausea Mood swings

Popular Health Tips

Infertility In Women - What Puts You At Risk?

Dr. Sunita Verma 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Infertility In Women - What Puts You At Risk?
Infertility is the incapability of a couple to conceive after indulging in unprotected sex multiple times over a long period. It can also be referred to as the biological inability of a man to cause conception or a woman to conceive as well as being unable to carry the pregnancy for the whole duration. Research has shown that female problems contribute to over half of all the infertility cases. Causes- Causes of infertility in include: Ovulation Disorders This is regarded as the most common cause of infertility in women. The disorders can be caused due to conditions like PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome), Premature ovarian failure, poor quality of eggs, overactive or underactive thyroid gland and chronic conditions like cancer or AIDS. Problems in fallopian tubes or uterus Abnormalities in the uterus or fallopian tubes render the woman incapable of conceiving naturally. This might be due to conditions like Endometriosis, previous sterilization treatments or surgeries to correct past problems. Medications or Treatments There is a possibility of some treatments affecting infertility. Examples include NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy. Diagnosis- Usually, the initial steps for diagnosing infertility involve a review of the complete medical history of the patients as well as a physical exam. Post this check-up, some diagnostic tests are conducted for infertility. This might include- Blood and Urine tests: For checking hormone levels. Pap smear:For checking the health of your cervix. X-ray: For outlining the internal shape of the uterus so that blockages in fallopian tubes can be identified. Risk Factors- Age Increasing age tends to lower the quality as well as the quantity of a woman's eggs Smoking Besides damaging your cervix and fallopian tubes, smoking increases your risk of miscarriage. It is also believed to deplete your eggs at a premature stage, thereby reducing your chances of pregnancy. Weight Normal ovulation is hindered by being overweight or even significantly underweight. This is because lower levels of BMI (body mass index) reduces the frequency of ovulation, reducing the chances of pregnancy. Sexual history Sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea and Chlamydia can cause damage to the fallopian tubes, resulting in infertility. Treatments- Even though it is possible to restore fertility in women using only one or two therapies, a number of treatments might be required before conception is possible. Some of these treatments include: Intrauterine insemination (IUI): deliberately introducing sperm into the uterus of a woman for achieving pregnancy. Stimulating ovulation with fertility drugs. Surgery to restore fertility. In situations where pregnancy does not happen spontaneously, Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) can be used by couples to achieve a pregnancy. It is any form of fertility treatment which involves the handling of sperm and egg. The entire ART team consists of psychologists, physicians, embryologists, nurses and lab technicians. One common ART technique is In vitro fertilization (IVF). It is a process where an egg and sperm are manually combined in a laboratory dish, followed by transfer of embryo to the uterus.
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Diabetes in Pregnancy - What Should You Know?

Dr. Nikhil Mahadar 91% (150 ratings)
Masters of Surgery Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Pune
Diabetes in Pregnancy - What Should You Know?
Diabetes is a health condition that occurs due to the lack of insulin and when the body fails to regulate the blood sugar levels. It has been observed that it is a medical complication for many women during their pregnancy. It is best to follow some course of action in order to have a healthy pregnancy and avoid any complications. Diabetes is an autoimmune disease and it can be classed in to 2 categories or types. The type 1 diabetes requires use of insulin on daily basis and its symptoms include weight loss, blurred vision and increased urination. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes include kidney or bladder infection and it is the most common form of diabetes. Do the babies also develop diabetes? It is not necessary that babies who are born to diabetic mothers are also diabetic, but if diabetes is not controlled during pregnancy, there are chances that the baby will produce a large quantity of insulin while they are still in the womb. It is quite possible that the sugar levels would be low immediately after birth and a close watch of the newborn is a must till the body adjusts to the amount of insulin it makes. It has been observed that large babies develop diabetes later in life, mostly type 2 diabetes, and are likely to become obese. It is very important that children are encouraged to develop regular exercise habits and healthy eating habits to reduce the chances of obesity. Effect of Diabetes on Pregnant Women There are chances that if a pregnant woman has diabetes, there are fluctuations in her blood sugar levels, this is because of the hormones that are associated with the pregnancy. It is very important that sugar levels are controlled at the time of conception as there is a greater risk of miscarriage or certain birth defects occuring. The pregnant woman is also at a higher risk of blood pressure which can result in premature birth and complications to the mother. The cause for concern for expectant mothers with diabetes is that the baby grows too large, especially if the diabetes is uncontrolled. Normal Blood Sugar For Pregnant Women The healthy blood sugar levels in a pregnant woman for fasting sugar should be less than 95mg/dL and the blood sugar level after one hour of eating should be 140mg/dL. The blood sugar level after 2 hours of eating should be 120mg/dL. Gestational diabetes that begins during pregnancy has become very common and can lead to defects in the infant. If the blood sugar level is high, then it can lead to complications during labor due to excessive growth of the fetus. It is therefore best to maintain blood sugar levels to avoid risks for the child such as respiratory distress, low glucose levels and jaundice. Consult your physician today for more information.
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Causes Of Bleeding Or Spotting During Early Pregnancy!

Dr. Surekha Jain 90% (754 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Causes Of Bleeding Or Spotting During Early Pregnancy!
Seeing spots of blood during pregnancy is usually a cause for concern. However, it is not uncommon. The light bleeding, which is known as spotting may occur for a number of reasons. Bleeding during the first trimester Spotting is most likely to happen during early pregnancy and the reasons could be many, such as: implantation bleeding occurs during the first month of pregnancy when the fertilised egg gets attached to the wall of the uterus. cervical polyps ( a tumour that form on the surface of the cervix) or yeast infection may also cause episodes of spotting. miscarriage may be another possible reason for spotting ectopic pregnancy is another cause. It is the condition in which the embryo plants itself in either of the fallopian tubes instead of the uterus. molar pregnancy is a rare condition associated with spotting during pregnancy. When this is the case, instead of your baby, an abnormal tissue grows inside the uterus. Sometimes it can be cancerous too. Bleeding during the second or third trimesters Spotting may also occur during late pregnancy and the possible reasons are listed below. problems related to placenta like placenta previa placental abruption can also result in spotting. These are serious conditions when the placenta either covers the cervix or it gets detached from the uterine wall respectively. uterine rupture is the rare and unfortunate event when a scar from a previous surgery (like the removal of fibroid or previous caesarean scar bursts open and the baby slips into the pregnant woman's abdomen. premature labour occurs when your body is too eager to deliver the baby, usually one month before the due date of delivery. vasa Previa is another rare condition when a baby who is still developing has his blood vessels entangled in the umbilical cord or placenta-crossing the cervix. It is extremely dangerous because the blood vessels may burst open thus causing the baby to bleed and lose oxygen. Here's what you can do about spotting It is strongly recommended that you should immediately see your doctor as soon as you detect any spotting during your pregnancy. Only a well-qualified medical expert can suggest the appropriate steps to be taken, depending on your individual reasons and symptoms related to spotting.
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Unintended Pregnancy

Dr. Shakuntla Kumar 90% (142 ratings)
Diploma In Endoscopic Surgery, DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Play video
How to Prevent Unwanted Pregnancy?
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6 Pregnancy Complications You Should Never Ignore!

Dr. Haritha Yalamanchili 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Hyderabad
6 Pregnancy Complications You Should Never Ignore!
Pregnancy is considered to be one of the most challenging and important phases in the life of a woman. Pregnancy Complications are health problems that occur during pregnancy. They can involve the mother s health, the baby s health, or both. Some women have health problems before they become pregnant that could lead to complications. Other problems arise during the pregnancy. Keep in mind that whether a complication is common or rare, there are ways to manage problems that come up during pregnancy. Some complications that might occur during pregnancy are discussed below: Severe Nausea and Vomiting: It is common for nausea and vomiting to occur during a pregnancy. In order to avoid this condition, one should consume several small meals throughout the day and completely avoid spicy and fatty foods. A persistent abdominal pain, severe headache, swelling and visual disturbances during the third trimester: This can be a fatal condition and often is a sign of high blood preeclampsia (pregnancy complication involving high blood pressure as well as damage to another organ system). It can be diagnosed early using good prenatal care which essentially comprises of frequent check-ups with the doctor and all the necessary treatment during pregnancy. Flu Symptoms: It is recommended that flu vaccine should be administered to pregnant women as they usually tend to develop the disease during their pregnancy. Gestational Diabetes: Gestational diabetes can increase the chance of a larger baby at birth and create delivery complications, increase your risk for high blood pressure and cause the baby to have blood sugar problems after birth. If you are diagnosed, it s important to consult your gynecologist to control your blood sugar level, which can often be done through diet and exercise. Baby s activity level significantly declines: Sometimes, the activity of a previously active baby might decline. This can be felt by reducing the number of the kicks by the baby. The doctor has specific equipment that aids in identifying and resolving the problem. Bleeding: Heavy bleeding accompanied by abdominal pain and menstrual-type cramps during the first trimester might indicate an ectopic pregnancy (embryo is implanted outside one s uterus) or a miscarriage while occurrence in the third semester indicates placental abruption (characterized by the placenta separating from the womb s walls). Any form of bleeding warrants the immediate attention of the doctor. Steps to avoid bleeding include bed rest, avoiding heavy work, and keeping yourself hydrated. A Healthy Pregnancy- The best way to ensure a healthy pregnancy is to focus on the things you can control and don t obsess about what could happen. Take good care of yourself and your developing baby and talk with your healthcare provider when you have concerns.
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Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, I had anal sex with my partner he inserted his penis in my vagina. But he used condom I am scared .will I became pregnant. What are symptoms and which medicine will help to avoid it.

Dr. Yogesh Tandon 91% (867 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Delhi
If condom is used, chance of pregnancy is negligible. But if still you want take I pill or unwanted 72 within 72 hrs of sex. Thanks.

I am 25 years old. I had unprotected sex the day before I got period. On 18 nov I got period and on 13 jan I got again got period i.e, yesterday. But the problem its not happening nicely. Also just before getting period this time I suffered from diarrhea. Is this pregnancy?

Dr. Udaya Nath Sahoo 93% (523 ratings)
General Physician,
Hello, Thanks for your query on Lybrate "As" per your clinical history is concerned please follow like this- 1) You are not pregnant at all as you had sex on day before you got your period and you have already periods now. 2) Do an Ultrasound, CBC and TSH test to confirm exact cause og your menstrual problems .and take treatments as per clinical findings. 3) For loose motions you can take [CIFOMED-TZ]twice a day for 3 days and add [VIZYL CAP]twice a day for 3 days and follow few lifestyle modifications like this - a) Try to wash your hands before and after preparing food. In addition, wash your hands after handling uncooked meat, using the toilet, changing diapers, sneezing, coughing and blowing your nose. B) Use hand sanitizer when washing isn't possible. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer when you can't get to a sink. C) Serve food right away or refrigerate it after it has been cooked or reheated. Leaving food out at room temperature can encourage growth of bacteria. D) Try to wash work surfaces frequently to avoid spreading germs from one food item to another. E) Try to use the refrigerator to thaw frozen items. Or try putting plastic-wrapped frozen items in a bowl of cold water to thaw. Hope that helps.
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Hello sir meri abhi 2 dec 2017 ko marrige hui h.aur mei abhi 2 years tak family plan nahi krna chahta hu, please mujhe kuch upay btaye. Jo pregnancy avoid ho jaye.

Dr. Gayatri Bala 89% (168 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, DNB - Obstetrics and Gynecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Congratulations dear. Your wife can take oral contraceptives safely if she is not obese and suffering from any medical problems, other than that you can use condomes.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Renal Diseases - How They Affect In Pregnancy?

Dr. Udaybhaskar M 88% (94 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Urology
Urologist, Bangalore
Kidney transplant does not necessarily promote overall good health. True or false. Take this quiz to know more.
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Pregnancy Nutrition - Do You Think You Know It All?

Dr. Parul Aggarwal 86% (48 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology - Obstetrics & Gynecology
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
It is recommended that most pregnant women take vitamin supplements, including folic acid, iron, and calcium. True or false? Take this quiz to help you figure out if it's time to take a pregnancy nutrition check.
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What causes your feet to pain when you wake up in the morning?

Dr. Madu Sridhar 85% (43 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics, M.Ch Trauma & Ortho, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Chennai
Having flat feet or fallen arches can cause feet pain. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Vaginal Douching - Why It Is Bad?

Speciality Birthing Care
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Douching helps to prevent infections. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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The Ultimate Pregnancy To-Do List!!

Speciality Birthing Care
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
The intake of which food can cause a notable increase in the IQ and communication skills of your baby? Take this quiz to know now.
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