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Overview

Pregnancy - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Pregnancy is the most exciting phase of woman life and it is beyond imagination that she is carrying a baby inside her womb. The first and important sign of pregnancy is missed periods. When a woman misses a period, then pregnancy tests can be conducted to confirm whether the women is pregnant.

Although many women prepare themselves for the pregnancy, they are unaware of the changes that will happen in the body as the pregnancy causes. They should be prepared for these bodily changes and be sure to contact the doctor in case of any discomfort due to the symptoms.

Each woman experiences pregnancy differently. The first trimester is a period of health and vitality, for others, it is extremely difficult. Spotting or bleeding may be seen in the first trimester. Bleeding may happen when the fertilised egg gets embedded in the uterine walls causing a minor bleeding. If bleeding is accompanied by sharp pain or cramps then it can be a sign of miscarriage. Breast tenderness, discharge, fatigue, heartburn, vomiting, food cravings, mood swings, and constipation may be other signs in the first trimester of pregnancy. Some women experience high levels of vomiting called Hyperemesis gravidarum and is a serious condition as the pregnant woman may lose fluids and minerals due to vomiting.

The second trimester is a honeymoon phase when the extreme symptoms in the first trimester subside and the woman gets more relaxed. In this trimester the organs of the baby are fully formed and growth of the baby starts. Women can feel the baby kick in their womb. Women in the trimester may experience a backache due to the increase in weight of the fetus, bleeding gums due to changes in hormones, breast enlargement as the breast gets ready to feed the baby, bleeding nose and congestion may be caused due to hormone changes. Vaginal discharge is common during this stage and should be treated by a doctor if the discharge is green or foul smelling. Frequent urination and headaches may be common in women in the second trimester.

With the approach of the third trimester, a pregnant woman is well aware of the approaching delivery. In this period, the sudden cramps develop, these are called Braxton Hicks. The cramps are a signal of the uterus getting ready for delivery. Women get heavier and become tired of being pregnant. Many changes that are seen in the second trimester gets carried over to the third trimester of pregnancy.

The end of the third trimester is delivery and women should eat well and be prepared for the delivery with proper exercise. Good thoughts about delivery can overcome the anxiety of the pain and fear of delivery.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Aversion to food Bloating Sore breasts Nausea Mood swings

Popular Health Tips

Hypertension - How It Can Affect Your Baby?

Dr. Yuthika Bajpai Sharma 86% (31 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Kanpur
Hypertension - How It Can Affect Your Baby?
Blood pressure is the thrust exerted by the blood against the artery walls or blood vessels. A certain count of blood pressure is necessary for blood circulation, but anything excessive may prove to be trouble. A reading above the count considered normal; 140/90 (mmHg) may induce symptoms, such as short breath, severe headaches, nosebleeds and anxiety. Any sort of hypertension during pregnancy can take a toll on the baby. 1. Preeclampsia is a condition wherein, the blood pressure peeks high after 20 weeks of conception accompanied by traces of protein in urine and functional disorders in a few organs. 2. Hypertension might often result in the delivery of an underdeveloped (abnormally small size) baby. 3. High blood pressure might also give rise to a complication wherein, one might have to go for Caesarian section rather than a normal vaginal delivery. 4. The placenta detaches itself from the uterine wall much prior to the delivery. 5. Preeclampsia escalates one s risks of suffering from heart disorders or other cardiovascular diseases. 6. It restricts the blood flow to the placenta (an organ nourishing the baby), thus cutting off adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients to the fetus. Signs and symptoms: 1. Excessive protein content in urine 2. Impaired liver functioning 3. Low urine levels 4. Nausea or vomiting 5. Intense pain and tenderness in the upper abdomen 6. Problems in eyesight such as double vision or temporary loss of vision, light sensitivity and blurriness. 7. Abnormal swelling 8. Persistent and a severe headache Treatment: Medications do meddle with pregnancy. However, certain medications are considered safe to be used for keeping blood pressure levels under control. These include Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs) and Renin Inhibitors. However, do consult a doctor to get your dosage administered accurately.
2 people found this helpful

Vaginal Bleeding - 7 Not So Common Causes!

Dr. Sagar Bumb 90% (14 ratings)
DGO , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Vaginal Bleeding - 7 Not So Common Causes!
It is likely for you to experience abnormal vaginal bleeding between your periods during one point in life. Vaginal bleeding is termed abnormal when you are not expecting your periods, when your menstrual flow is heavier or lighter than normal, and at times when it is not expected such as during pregnancy, or after menopause. Abnormal vaginal bleeding may result from a wide range of causes. It does not always indicate a serious or severe condition. The different possible causes are discussed below: Bleeding during pregnancy is not very normal and it indicates some complications in pregnancy. Spotting or light bleeding is common, but it is important for you to evaluate any form of bleeding by a doctor. Heavy vaginal bleeding occurring before 12 weeks during pregnancy indicates severe problems. Heavy vaginal bleeding that occurs after 12 weeks also indicates a problem like placenta previa. Ovulation can result in mid-cycle bleeding. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition, which interferes with normal ovulation, and may result in abnormal bleeding. Certain medicines, including birth control pills may cause abnormal vaginal bleeding. Minor bleeding between your periods is likely during the first few months of using birth control pills. Bleeding may also occur, if you do not take the pills at a fixed time regularly. An intrauterine device (IUD) also increases the chances of heavy periods and spotting. Certain infections occurring in your pelvic organs such as the uterus, vagina, Fallopian tubes, cervix, and ovaries causes abnormal vaginal bleeding. The bleeding is more likely to occur after sexual intercourse and douching. These infections are commonly caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Pelvic inflammatory disease (PTD) leads to infection and inflammation of your uterus, ovaries, or Fallopian tubes. This might be another cause of abnormal vaginal bleeding. There are several other less common causes, which may result in abnormal vaginal bleeding. They include the following: An object present or inserted in the vagina Sexual abuse Uterine fibroids, which cause abnormally heavy periods Several structural problems like polyps and urethral prolapse Occurrence of cancer in your uterus, ovaries, vagina, or cervix Intense mental or emotional stress, and exercising in excess Several other health conditions and diseases such as diabetes or hyperthyroidism It is important for you to consult a doctor on experiencing abnormal vaginal bleeding. It is very important to diagnose the condition properly and start with management measures at the earliest.
1 person found this helpful

5 Contracepive Methods & Their Side Effects

Dr. Asha Gavade 90% (21 ratings)
DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
5 Contracepive Methods & Their Side Effects
Use of contraceptives is really important to avoid unwanted pregnancy. Countries like China and India, facing the problem of population explosion lay more stress on the use of contraceptives. However, you must always use or take oral and barrier contraceptives following the advice of a medical practitioner unless it is absolutely necessary to go ahead without consultation. The reason behind medical assistance is your own health. Contraceptive methods do have a vast range of side effects that can result in health hazards. There are various kinds of contraceptives; each having its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Being acquainted with the side effects of some contraceptive methods can help you choose wisely in times of need. 1. Possible side- effects of using Condoms: Some men are allergic to latex. Using condoms can lead to heightened sensitivity. It can also lead to rashes in your genitals. Condoms are not foolproof. They do not provide total protection against sexually transmitted infections, HPV or against Syphilis and Herpes. These diseases can be contracted by coming in contact with genital skin that is not covered by a condom. 2. Possible side- effects of a Contraceptive Film: A contraceptive film might act as an interruption in your sexual activities if it is not placed properly, that is to say it must come in contact with the cervix to be effective. Using the film “nonoxynol- 9” very frequently can make you susceptible to life threatening diseases like HIV and other STIs. 3. Possible side effects of a Cervical Cap: A cervical cap has to be inserted by a clinician and requires immense care to be fitted in later. Some of its side - effects can be of serious concern. If it is left inside for more than forty eight hours, it can result in toxic shock syndrome. Toxic shock syndrome is an infection that mars your overall health. It is also known to increase the chances of inflammation of the surface of your cervix. 4. Possible side- effects of Progestin only pills: Progestin only pills or mini pills can subject you to long- lasting depression. It can make you feel bloated and can actually increase your weight to a great extent if used on a regular basis. Minipills lead to irregularities in your menstrual cycle and might also make bleeding during menstruation scanty. 5. Possible side- effects of combined oral contraceptives: If this is your first month on combined oral contraceptives, you might feel nauseous and they can give you a terrible headache. Women taking these pills have a higher chance of developing cervical dysplasia.
4 people found this helpful

Navratri Fasting - Is It Okay To Go On Fast When Pregnant?

Dr. Manisha Tomar 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Noida
Navratri Fasting - Is It Okay To Go On Fast When Pregnant?
If you are pregnant and considering fasting during the festive season, it might not be a good idea. As per studies, fasting during any trimester of the pregnancy can have detrimental effects on the unborn child. During the 1st trimester, your baby is in a very delicate stage. It is better not to fast during this period of time. Similarly, fasting during the 3rd trimester is also very much unsafe. However, if you are healthy and have no pregnancy-related complications then you can fast but only after consulting your doctor. Remember that your baby depends on you for food. So, it is always good to avoid going completely without food when on fasting during pregnancy. Below given are a few tips to be followed by pregnant women when going on Navratri fasting: Consult your doctor: The doctor should always be consulted before deciding to fast. Different women have different risk levels, and there can be chances of diseases like diabetes and threats of miscarriage. The doctor will be the sole person to gauge the degree of risk associated and give a proper solution. Stay hydrated: Consume lots of water. This should be done to avoid dehydration. Dehydration can lead to hardening of tummy or cases of pre-term labor. It can also result in dry skin and mouth, fatigue, intense feelings of thirst and dark urine. Sleep well: While fasting, pregnant women experience a lot of stress compared to others. There is the combined physical exertion of pregnancy and fasting. This can take a serious toll on health. It is always advisable that they sleep for long and stay relaxed. Eat healthily: Eating healthy is very important as then only, the baby will get enough nutrients. In this regard, a healthy diet plan, given by the doctor should be followed. Consumption of 2-3 types of fruits throughout the day is essential as they are rich in natural sugars and minerals. This helps in maintaining the energy levels of the body. Moreover, the fast should always be broken with healthy and nutritious foods. As the body does not get food, for the entire day, gobbling something deep fried and oily after the fast ends, is not at all a good idea. High sugar foods or caffeinated drinks like coffee and tea should be avoided during fast. Look out for warning signs: The would-be mother should always look out for warning signs. This includes severe dehydration, weight loss, constipation, indigestion, nausea, dizziness, headaches, lethargy, fever and even a reduction of the baby s movement inside the womb. These are indications that the body cannot cope with the stress associated with fasting. These physical conditions should be immediately reported to the doctor. Keep these important tips in mind in order to enjoy the festive spirit along with a healthy and safe pregnancy!
523 people found this helpful

Importance of Pre-natal screening

Dr. Aradhana Aggarwal 90% (10 ratings)
MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Fellowship in Fetal Medicine
Gynaecologist, Amritsar
Importance of Pre-natal screening
More than 90% of pregnancies continue towards a healthy outcome. However, to have a normal pregnancy one must have a retrospective diagnosis for the same and this invariably may be associated with multiple questions from both the parents and close family members. Hence pre-natal screening in several forms allows early prediction of possible problems which may or may not be genetic/inherited. Cases are thus segregated as either high risk or low risk pregnancies and with the aid of specialized FMF- UK accredited softwares we are able to offer the surveillance required on an individual basis. Maintained international standards of fetal care. First trimester screening is a combination of fetal ultrasound and maternal blood tests. The ultrasound is done between 11- 13 +6 weeks and is performed by a FMF accredited operator. The blood test is performed on FMF approved bio-chemical assay systems and measures two hormones, beta- HCG and PAPP-A. The combination of the nuchal translucency and the blood test is known as the combined first trimester screening test which has a 93-95% sensitivity in predicting the risk of chromosomal abnormalities, the most common of which is Down syndrome. A specific set of guidelines has been formulated for performing the nuchal translucency , cervical, anomaly and fetal well being scans including fetal Dopplers. A scan done as per guidelines helps calculate the risks for aneuploidies (chromosomal abnormalities) and prognosticate the pregnancy for the risk of pre-eclampsia and/or pre-term labour in order to continue a stress free pregnancy both for the mother and near and dear ones! The need for a CVS or an Amniocentesis The results of the first trimester combined screening test are available in a weeks time. It provides us with the risks (probability) for the fetus having any chromosomal abnormality. As per guideline, an invasive prenatal test in the form of CVS (chorionic villous sampling) 10-12 weeks or amniocentesis , beyond 16 weeks is offered as a diagnostic test if the risks are higher than 1 in 150. Though these tests carry a risk of miscarriage , 0.5-1%, they are 100% diagnostic for certain chromosomal abnormalities. It is for you to decide whether or not the risk of having a chromosomal abnormality is high enough to warrant having an invasive test.
2 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello doctor, recently I had a baby, and now we would like to take some time for second child, when is the best time to have sex to avoid pregnancy.

Dr. Avdhesh Gupta 88% (308 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Jaipur
In fact it us calculated with the menustration cycle usually it is 28 days so safe period is a week before due date of menustration snd and a week after menustration start how it differ if cycle days are different. Better used contraceptives. Any wrong calculation may cause conception which often happens.

I am unmarried and I am16 week pregnancy but I am unmarried kya abortions possible ho payegi. Kya.

Dr. Gitanjali 93% (485 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
You should first inform your parents and with them visit a local gynaecologist ,or a govt hospital for the needful ,do not delay .MTP upto 20 weeks is legal in India ,but as duration of pregnancy increases chances of complication increase .As you are <18 years your parents consent will be required. Please do not go to any untrained person.
2 people found this helpful

I got pregnancy test positive on 11-9-17 my last period on 9-8-17. On 21-9-17 I got only gestational sac no yolk sac. Light spotting from 15-9-17. On 21-9-17 bleeding and spotting 5 to 6 times. On 22-9-17 big maroon dark spot and period like big bleeding in black colour. What does it mean. Why it happens. Either there is any chance of pregnancy chances. I have irritation in vagina also.

Dr. Gitanjali 93% (485 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Take rest and continue treatment as advised by your doctor ,get a ultrasound done on 28 TH September .or you can get your serum beta hcg levels at 48 hrs interval (twice) if the levels double in 48 hrs pregnancy is normal.
1 person found this helpful

I am 19 and I had sex without precaution but my partner released the sperm outside. I have my last periods on 19 august. I am very confused that am I going to be pregnant. What to do? please help me.

Dr. Manzoor Ali 95% (121 ratings)
Bachelor Of Medicine & Bachelor Of Surgery
General Physician, Delhi
Hello, Yes there are chances of you getting pregnant. Because even if the sperms are released outside, then also the seminal fluid which came in contact also contains sperms. So you need not to panic and check urine pregnancy test.
7 people found this helpful

Today is 10 th day from my period. I want to be pregnant .can I do sex today. This is good timing for it.

Dr. Shreyas Bansal 90% (168 ratings)
MD Hom., Certificate in Food and Nutrition, BHMS, Diploma In Yoga
Homeopath, Indore
There is a chance that you can become pregnant when having unprotected sex anytime during your cycle. The time that women are most fertile is in mid-cycle (typically referred to as the 10 days surrounding "day 14" of a 28-day cycle). This means having sex on days 10-19 are fair game for being fertile which is the fertile period, as the sperm can live inside a woman's vagina near the cervix for 3-5 days (depending on many factors. But this is true for those females whose menstruation is normal of 28 days cycle. So have sex during your fertile period 10th to 16th day and tell your partner to not come off you immediately after the sex, otherwise all sperm will flow out of your vagina. At least lay in that position for 10 minutes if you wish to increase your chance of getting pregnant for more queries contact us.
3 people found this helpful

Health Quizzes

First Trimester Of Pregnancy - Things You Must Avoid!

Dr. G.K. Bedi 86% (25 ratings)
DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Chandigarh
Getting enough sleep is very important during the first trimester of your pregnancy. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
Start Quiz

Exercising During Pregnancy - Is It Safe?

Dr. Vinod Kumar 87% (51 ratings)
MBBS,MD,FMAS,DMAS,FICRS
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
It is safe to exercise during pregnancy. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
Start Quiz

Quiz on Nutrition Tips for Pregnant Women

MBBS, DGO, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Chennai
During pregnancy, you can eat fish but shouldn't give into your cravings. True or false? Take this quiz to find out now.
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Test Your Pregnancy Nutrition IQ

Dr. Meenu Goyal 87% (630 ratings)
DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Whether you know it or not, you might be showing some early signs of weak pregnancy. Take this quiz to help you figure out if it's time to take a pregnancy nutrition check.
Start Quiz

Exercising During Pregnancy- Is It safe?

Dr. Rita Bakshi 93% (2841 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, MD, Fellowship in Gynae Oncology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Starting an exercise regimen during pregnancy is not advisable. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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