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Overview

Pregnancy - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Pregnancy?

Pregnancy is the most exciting phase of woman life and it is beyond imagination that she is carrying a baby inside her womb. The first and important sign of pregnancy is missed periods . When a woman misses a period, then pregnancy tests can be conducted to confirm whether the women is pregnant.

What changes you face in First Trimester :

Although many women prepare themselves for the pregnancy, they are unaware of the changes that will happen in the body as the pregnancy causes. They should be prepared for these bodily changes and be sure to contact the doctor in case of any discomfort due to the symptoms.

Each woman experiences pregnancy differently. The first trimester is a period of health and vitality, for others, it is extremely difficult . Spotting or bleeding may be seen in the first trimester. Bleeding may happen when the fertilised egg gets embedded in the uterine walls causing a minor bleeding. If bleeding is accompanied by sharp pain or cramps then it can be a sign of miscarriage. Breast tenderness, discharge, fatigue, heartburn, vomiting, food cravings, mood swings, and constipation may be other signs in the first trimester of pregnancy. Some women experience high levels of vomiting called Hyperemesis gravidarum and is a serious condition as the pregnant woman may lose fluids and minerals due to vomiting.

What changes you face in Second Trimester :

The second trimester is a honeymoon phase when the extreme symptoms in the first trimester subside and the woman gets more relaxed. In this trimester the organs of the baby are fully formed and growth of the baby starts . Women can feel the baby kick in their womb. Women in the trimester may experience a backache due to the increase in weight of the fetus, bleeding gums due to changes in hormones, breast enlargement as the breast gets ready to feed the baby, bleeding nose and congestion may be caused due to hormone changes. Vaginal discharge is common during this stage and should be treated by a doctor if the discharge is green or foul smelling. Frequent urination and headaches may be common in women in the second trimester.

What changes you face in Second Trimester :

With the approach of the third trimester, a pregnant woman is well aware of the approaching delivery. In this period, the sudden cramps develop, these are called Braxton Hicks. The cramps are a signal of the uterus getting ready for delivery. Women get heavier and become tired of being pregnant. Many changes that are seen in the second trimester gets carried over to the third trimester of pregnancy.

The end of the third trimester is delivery and women should eat well and be prepared for the delivery with proper exercise. Good thoughts about delivery can overcome the anxiety of the pain and fear of delivery.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Aversion to food Bloating Sore breasts Nausea Mood swings

Popular Health Tips

Depression During Pregnancy: Ways To Cope With It!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, DNB, Fellowship in Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Depression During Pregnancy: Ways To Cope With It!

Pregnancy is that wonderful and beautiful phase that most women rejoice about. However, many may find it hard to believe that pregnancy can bring with it a condition known as ‘antenatal depression’. This is a common condition in expecting mothers and should not be ignored.

Depression during pregnancy like regular depression is a clinical condition and requires further investigation and management. Pregnancy is related to the female hormones and therefore, mood swings are common (as during PMS and menopause). However, depressed pregnant women would typically have the following associated symptoms too.

  1. Altered eating habits
  2. Altered sleeping patterns (too much or too less)
  3. Loss of attention/ability to focus
  4. Losing interest in activities which usually interest the person
  5. Feeling very anxious
  6. Constant feeling of sadness
  7. Uncertainty about the future
  8. Feeling of worthlessness
  9. Suicidal tendencies

It has been noted about 25% of women can get depressed during pregnancy for varying periods of time. Some potential reasons for this are as below.

  1. Strained relationships: One of the most important factors for a healthy pregnancy is a happy relationship, not just with the partner, but with immediate and close family members with whom there is a high level of regular interaction.
  2. Work stress: For working women, a stressful office environment could take a toll on their moods.
  3. Previous miscarriages: This can cause anxiety and depression about possible repeat incident.
  4. Potential complications: If the periodic examinations showed up possibility for complications in pregnancy, the chance of depression in the mother increase.

How it affects pregnancy?

A depressed mother would not be able to care for herself and  therefore, the baby may not get adequate nutrition for its development. Additionally, the potential for nicotine and alcohol abuse increases, which also negatively impacts the baby’s growth. There could be low birth weight, premature birth and developmental delays after birth.

How it can be managed?

While the hormonal changes during pregnancy causes mood swings, diagnosing if it is depression is important. A consultation with a psychiatrist may be required for some women.

Some of the options available for treatment include support groups, individual counseling, and medications.

  1. It is important to understand that this is a common condition and you are not the only one going through this. Talking to other women who feel depressed can help in mood uplifting of all involved.
  2. If you are too shy about it, individual counseling could be the next best thing.
  3. Stress management including light exercise, music, meditation, rest, diet, and support from close friends and family are highly recommended.
  4. Since most antidepressants would reach the baby, it is advisable to avoid these less you need them as a last resort.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4745 people found this helpful

Folic Acid For Pregnancy

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.), M.D Obsterics and Gynaecology, Diploma in Reproductive Medicine (Germany)
Gynaecologist, Nagpur
Folic Acid For Pregnancy

Folic acid should be taken 3 months preconceptionally and should be continues 3 months post conception.

3 people found this helpful

Bleeding During Pregnancy - When To Worry?

MD / MS - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Bleeding During Pregnancy - When To Worry?

Pregnancy is a beautiful phase for any woman, and should be enjoyed to the fullest. That being said, pregnant women need to take care of their health at all times, as a young life depends on them. Taking into account how paranoid a to-be mother can be, any form of bleeding during pregnancy can cause a lot of trepidation. However, a lot of this worry is not really required at all.

A lot of pregnant women bleed during the first trimester of their pregnancy. As a matter of fact, many who bleed do not know or realise just how common it really is, and as a result, they get quite a lot more worried than they should. In fact, it happens to about one in five women who are pregnant.

Why bleeding occurs?

  • It is quite likely that if a miscarriage is to occur, it will occur during the first trimester, or the first twelve weeks. As a matter of fact, bleeding is most likely to occur between weeks five and eight. A woman would get to know that she is having a miscarriage if there is tissue which is being passed, and at the same time, she feels some very intense cramps in the lower part of the abdomen.
  • Another reason why women bleed, which is also quite likely to occur during the first trimester, is due to the process of implantation. However, this sort of bleeding is not heavy by any measure. The ironic thing is that a lot of women discover that they are pregnant by this form of bleeding and it usually occurs within a week to about twelve days after the conception has taken place.
  • One of the more baffling reasons for bleeding when a woman is pregnant is bleeding which occurs after sexual intercourse. While it may seem odd that something which is supposed to be pleasurable should actually end up causing blood loss, all this is a sign of is that the tissues around the vagina are receiving a great amount of blood supply. It is to be noted, that no risk is caused the foetus because of this as it is located in the uterus.

What to do if you bleed?

  • No matter how light or heavy the bleeding, the midwife or the doctor must be kept up to date with the situation at hand. This is because if there is any corrective action which is to be taken, the delay in time is to be kept to a minimum.
  • A cause for genuine concern over the period of the pregnancy is if there is bleeding post 20 weeks. In most circumstances, bleeding is not worth the mental trouble.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3452 people found this helpful

Ectopic Pregnancy: Dangerous Risks You Need To Know

PG in Assisted Reproductive Technology, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Ectopic Pregnancy: Dangerous Risks You Need To Know

During a normal pregnancy, a fertilised egg travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus. The egg attaches itself in the uterus and begins to develop. In an ectopic pregnancy, the egg attaches outside the uterus, most often in fallopian tube. This is the reason why it is also called a tubal pregnancy. In rare cases, the egg may implant itself in an ovary or the cervix.

There is no way to prevent an ectopic pregnancy. Also, it cannot be transformed into a normal pregnancy. If the egg continues developing in the fallopian tube, it can rupture the tube; the result of this could be fatal. If you have an ectopic pregnancy, you will require immediate treatment to end it before it causes any risks.

Risks involved: Things that make you more prone to an ectopic pregnancy are:

  • The more you smoke, the higher your danger of an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Pelvic incendiary malady (PID). This is the after effect of contamination, for example, chlamydia or gonorrhea.
  • Endometriosis, which can bring about scar tissue in or around the fallopian tubes.
  • Exposure to a chemical called DES before you conceived.

Symptoms: The signs of an ectopic pregnancy are:

  • Pelvic pain. It might be sharp on one side at first before spreading through your belly. It might be more painful when you move or strain
  • Vaginal bleeding

Diagnosis: To see whether you have an ectopic pregnancy, your specialist will probably take:

  • A pelvic exam to check the span of your uterus and feel for any kind of growth in your tummy.
  • A blood test that checks the level of the pregnancy hormone (hCG). This test is repeated 2 days after the fact. In early pregnancy, the level of this hormone duplicates itself every two days. Low levels recommend an issue, for example, ectopic pregnancy.
  • An ultrasound. This test can demonstrate pictures of what is inside. With ultrasound, a specialist can more often than not see a pregnancy in the uterus 6 weeks after your last menstrual period.

Treatment: The most widely recognised treatments are medicines and surgery. As a rule, a specialist will treat an ectopic pregnancy immediately to prevent harm to the lady.
Prescription can be utilised if the pregnancy is discovered right on time, before the tube is harmed. Much of the time, one or more shots of methotrexate will end the pregnancy. Taking the shot gives you a chance to keep away from surgery; however, it can bring about reactions. You should see your specialist for follow-up blood tests to ensure that the shot worked.

For a pregnancy that has gone past the initial couple of weeks, surgery is a better option than medication. In this event, the surgery will be a laparoscopy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1 person found this helpful

What Can Cause Back Pain During Pregnancy?

MBBS, DGO
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
What Can Cause Back Pain During Pregnancy?

Pregnancy is not always a breeze and is associated with few to many problems. One of the common problems is the back pain, and statistics report that about half of all pregnancies are coupled with severe back pain.

Many women complain of terrible back pain while pregnant, and the pain may become so severe that it can also interfere with one’s ability to work or carrying out normal day to day activities. Here is an account of the possible causes and risk factors of back pain during pregnancy-

  1. Some key factors that are associated with developing lower back pain include having a history of low back pain before conceiving, lifting and bending, and undertaking physically strenuous work.
  2. When it comes to the causes of back pain during pregnancy, malfunction of the sacroiliac joint is the most common. Though it tends to be immensely painful, it can be treated and tends to get better after the delivery of the child.
  3. The sacroiliac joint is the functional unit of the pelvis which contributes to the normal alternating movement while walking. With the advancement of pregnancy, the alterations of the hormonal level prepare the pelvis to deliver the child by gradually loosening the ligaments that are in charge of these joints. The associated rise in motion, as well as instability around the sacroiliac joint, often leads to pain in this region.

Some other causes of back pain during pregnancy include:

  1. Gain in body weight: At the time of a healthy pregnancy, the backbone has to support and carry around 25 to 35 additional pounds. It can lead to pain in the lower back region. Also, the weight of the growing baby, as well as the mother’s uterus, exert pressure on the nerves and blood vessels in the back area and the pelvis.
  2. Changes in posture: Pregnancy invariably shits a woman’s centre of gravity. This can gradually and unconsciously lead to adjustment of body posture along with the way she moves. As a result, a woman may suffer from lower back pain and strain.
  3. Alterations in hormone levels: At the time of pregnancy, the body produces a hormone known as relaxin that causes the ligaments present in the pelvic region to relax while the joints become looser in order to prepare the body for the process of delivery. This hormone can also lead to the loosening of the ligaments supporting the spine and therefore cause back pain.
  4. Separation of the muscle: With the expansion of the uterus, two sheets of muscles running parallel from the rib cage to the pubic region may start separating from the centre beam thus causing intolerable back pain.

Though back pain is quite common when you are pregnant, it is advisable to consult an expert to be assured that you are not heading for any risk or complication that may be detrimental to the baby.

1 person found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My wife is 29 year's of age. We had an unprotected sex and later found that she is pregnant. Actually we are not planning for a baby right now is their any possibility to stop birth. She is 7 week pregnant. Please reply.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lucknow
You should consult a Gynecologist without further delay in case you want to get the pregnancy terminated at his stage. It is already delayed how ever may be done by a qualified Lady doctor.

I am 20 year old girl and I have sex with my fiance at yesterday (30/04/2018. Being unprotected. And now today my bleeding is not stopping .and I having lots of pain .is there any symptoms of pregnancy. Please help doc.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), Fellowship minimal access surgery, Certificate in Infertility and Endoscopy
Obstetrician, Ghaziabad
It doesn't seem a symptom of pregnancy but it could be due to some infection, trauma ,ovarian cyst ,polyp etc. If your menstrual cycle was not on time do a urine pregnancy test. You can connect with me directly on Lybrate for management as to what medications you can take.
1 person found this helpful