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Overview

Progesterone

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

A female hormone that is vital for the regulation of menstruation and ovulation is known as Progesterone. It is used to induce periods in those women who haven?t yet reached menopause, and who are not having their periods due to a lack of its secretion. It is also used to treat abnormal uterine bleeding, and symptoms of pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS).

Using Progesterone could cause harm your unborn baby if you do not let your doctor know that you are pregnant. If you suffer from liver disease, vaginal bleeding, or have a history of breast cancer, the medicine should not be used. It can increase the chances of a blood clot, heart attack, stroke and breast cancer.

Progesterone is to be used exactly as it has been prescribed to you. Since the medicine can make you dizzy or drowsy, it is best taken at night. Make sure to have regular physical examinations while taking this medicine.

If you find a breast lump, or experience unusual vaginal bleeding, burning while urinating, depression, dizziness, vision issues, find a doctor immediately.

abnormal uterine bleeding
In addition to its intended effect, Progesterone may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Sleepiness
Abdominal Pain
Breast Pain
Is It safe with alcohol?
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
Gynarone 200mg tablet sr is unsafe to use during pregnancy.
There is positive evidence of human fetal risk, but the benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk, for example in life-threatening situations. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
Unknown. Human and animal studies are not available. Please consult your doctor.
Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?
There is no interaction between driving and consuming this drug. So dose alteration is not needed.
Does this affect kidney function?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Does this affect liver function?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.

Popular Questions & Answers

My egg got ruptured. My doctor given progesterone tablet in vaginal way. But powdery like substance coming out and urinate too. Whether its not going inside? Please answer.

BAMS
Ayurveda, Pune
Nothing to worry. Vaginal tablets absorbs in bld stream from that site and remaning substance come out, if any querry contanct.

Hi, I took regestrone 5 mg tablet for 5 dates When my period will come.because right there is no periods.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Hi, I took regestrone 5 mg tablet for 5 dates
When my period will come.because right there is no periods.
HELLO, ideally the withdrawal bleed starts in next 5-7 days after finishing the 5 days course of progesterones.

On day 16 my ET was 14.6. On day 13 my follicle sized 16.5 in my left ovary and on day 16 my follicle shinked to 13.5 with ET 14.6 on day 16. I took a ovulation test on day 15 which turned out to be positive But on day 16 scan doctor couldn't confirm ovulation as she couldn't see the corpus luteum. Could I be pregnant?

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
On day 16 my ET was 14.6. On day 13 my follicle sized 16.5 in my left ovary and on day 16 my follicle shinked to 13.5...
Hi lybrate-user as per your description it looks like ovulation had occurred. You should start progesterone supplement and get urine pregnancy test after 3 weeks.
1 person found this helpful

Hi, I am 1 week pregnant and my doctor has prescribed Susten 300 to take daily. I am 26 years old and do not have any history of miscarriage, complications or prior pregnancy. This is my 1st pregnancy. Doctor has not done any tests and straight forwardly prescribed it. So I just want to reconfirm if it is ok to take it in the 1st trimester?

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MBBS
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Hi,
I am 1 week pregnant and my doctor has prescribed Susten 300 to take daily. I am 26 years old and do not have any...
Hello Lybrate users susten 300 is progesterone which help to maintain thicknesses of lining of uterus. Help to hormonal level increase which prevent early pregnancy miscarriages. So,medicine given to is ok. Took the medicine according to prescription.

Hi Mam I am tested positive for pregnancy and I have started bleeding. What are my chances for sustaining pregnancy. Please advise.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Hi Mam I am tested positive for pregnancy and I have started bleeding. What are my chances for sustaining pregnancy. ...
In Early pregnancy there are 20-30% chances of having bleeding but 50%among those reach to healthy baby so all depends on how pregnancy progress stagewise and how much is the bleeding I'm such situation you Dr. may put you on progesterone to control bleeding and check any fresh episodes long term effects if it recurs again and again can be in form of impairing baby's growth so needs a close scrutiny.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Uterine Fibroid - How Removing Them Will Help You?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, Diploma in Specialised Advanced Gynaecological Endoscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Uterine Fibroid - How Removing Them Will Help You?

It is very common for women to have heavy and painful periods or have a feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen. Although, it may not sound very alarming these could be the symptoms of uterine fibroids. These are the most common types of benign tumours found in women. The fibroids are basically some tissues and muscle cells that grow within the uterus, outside the uterus, or along the wall of the uterus. The fibroids are usually benign and asymptomatic and do not require any treatment unless they cause problems. 

Know the causes 

Though the exact cause of fibroid formation is not known, it is believed that the female hormones estrogen and progesterone have a role to play in their formation. Fibroids are formed only when a woman is producing these hormones and they are not seen in women in non-reproductive age i.e. before starting of menses or after stoppage of menses (menopause). If fibroids are persisting even after menopause or especially if increasing in size then it is an alarming sign. Such a fibroid needs to be taken care of immediately. 

What are the symptoms? 

Fibroids often remain quiet for long periods of time. They cause nonspecific symptoms in the pelvis and abdomen including: 

  1. Fullness in the abdomen 
  2. Low back pain 
  3. Irregular menstruation 
  4. Cramping with menstruation 
  5. Painful sex 
  6. Increased urgency to urinate 
  7. Anemia, leading to tiredness and weakness 
  8. Infertility Diagnosing the fibroids 

When these symptoms are recurrent, it is good to confirm the diagnosis. This can happen with a pelvic exam followed by ultrasound scanning to confirm the size and location of the fibroids. A blood test also may be done to confirm anemia, which is common due to heavy periods.

Treatment Options 

Management of fibroids can range from doing nothing to periodic monitoring to surgical removal. 

  1. If pain and heavy bleeding are the only symptoms, then pain killers like ibuprofen should suffice for symptomatic relief. Anemia, if severe, may require iron supplementation. 
  2. Embolization is an option which shrinks the fibroid, at the same time preserving the uterus. The blood flow to the fibroid is cut off, thereby preventing its further growth. It takes about 1 to 3 hours and requires some bed rest after the procedure. There could be some pelvic pain and vaginal bleeding, which will gradually subside. The fibroids may grow back, but the benefits of keeping the uterus are definitely there. This is suitable in case of single fibroid with specific blood supply. 
  3. The next surgical option is myomectomy, where the portion of the uterus which contains the fibroid alone is removed. This is done in women who still wish to get pregnant and in women who would like to retain the uterus. This can also be achieved laparoscopically( key hole surgery). In such cases, fibroids are cut into small pieces and then removed from the body. This procedure should be done by a doctor specialised in advanced gynecological endoscopy as all this cutting should be done in a bag to avoid any spillage of cells inside the abdominal cavity. This procedure is known as Laparoscopic Myomectomy with In-bag Moecellation. 
  4. In women who have crossed their pregnancy phase, hysterectomy or complete removal of the uterus is advised. In these women, the bleeding and pain may not have subsided even after years of treatment with hormones. The growing fibroids could be pressing on the adjacent organs, causing pressure. This is the only definitive treatment and should be done in women have completed their family and don’t desire to be pregnant. 
  5. Myomectomy and hysterectomy may be done laparoscopically or with an open method depending on the overall health, the size and location of the fibroids in the uterus.
1 person found this helpful

5 Reasons Your Period Is Lighter Than Usual

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
5 Reasons Your Period Is Lighter Than Usual


Getting your period isn't exactly the most desirable biological process of life. But a lighter than normal period, can throw you off and make you start worrying about all the possible things that can be wrong with you. Even though every girl has her individual menstrual cycle, an average cycle should have a duration anywhere between three to seven days.

But when you don't expel the average amount of fluid (30 to 80 ml) and your cycle lasts only two days, it's a general indication of a problem. If your period lasts for two days you should consult a gynaecologist and buy preventive health check-up online. There are actually a few common reasons your period is light.

Here are five discussed below:

1. Hormone Imbalance 
Estrogen and progesterone are the hormone duo that are largely the reason for orchestration of the menstrual cycle. The dip and rise in these two hormones can make your cycle a rollercoaster ride. When your hormones are unstable, your menstrual gets altered.

For instance, estrogen is in charge of the uterus lining. So, if your hormone levels are lower your uterus lining may not thicken enough for you to have a normal full period cycle. Also, having a high level of testosterone can also lead to a scanty period.

2. Birth control 
When people are on hormonal birth control, a side effect you might suffer from is a lighter period or even goes away. This is actually a commonly discussed "perk" of long-acting reversible contraception option, like the IUD or implant. The reason for this is often attributed to endometrial atrophy, which is when your uterine lining gets thinner gradually.

3. Stress 
Stress is a major risk factor to many reproductive health issues. If you are stressed, your body releases two hormones, cortisol and adrenal. Both these chemicals upset the stability of other hormones, even the ones responsible for the reproductive system.

Cortisol impacts the production of both estrogen and progesterone your body produces. So, if you are stressed and your body is flooded with cortisol, you might experience light period, late or no period.

4. Underweight 
Your body requires needs a specific amount of fat to be able to menstruate normally. This makes total sense in an evolutionary viewpoint, since your body should be the focus on its own health first. A low body weight can cause your menstrual cycle to diminish or even pause for some time. Light periods are also a result of an extreme weight loss, or eating disorders.

5. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome 
Another common reason why your period might be scanty is PCOS. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome for the endocrine system that causes hormone to get imbalanced. If you have this syndrome, you may be prone to small cysts forming on your ovaries which can cause the instability of hormones leading to excess hair, obesity, acne, and scanty periods. In addition to scanty periods you might even experience other symptoms, which you have to ask your doctor for ovarian cysts.

4 people found this helpful

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) - 7 Natural Tips That Can Help Manage Pain!

Advanced Infertility, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Hyderabad
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) - 7 Natural Tips That Can Help Manage Pain!

Premenstrual syndrome or PMS is a common phenomenon that happens to over 75% of menstruating women. It refers to a set of symptoms that a woman experiences 7 to 10 days within the onset of her monthly period. The symptoms often cause great discomfort to the woman, but disappear soon after the period gets over.

The symptoms include muscle cramps, headache, body ache, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, mood swings and a lot more. This is not a pathogen related disease. It is caused due to hormonal imbalance before the start of menses in women. The level of female hormones i.e. estrogen and progesterone fluctuate inside a woman’s body prior to the menses. They are believed to have an impact on certain chemicals released by the brain. Therefore, women experience these symptoms during this time of their monthly cycle.

You don’t need to depend on strict medication to get rid of these symptoms. They can vanish if you make some changes in your lifestyle.

Here are some natural ways to get rid of these symptoms:

  1. Check your diet: In order to enjoy a healthy period, you need to avoid certain food items. Trans fats and hydrogenated fats can increase these symptoms. Cut down on the sugar content of your meal as high sugar level can give birth to some of these symptoms like mood swings, headache, nausea, etc. It is also important to check the water content in your body. It is advisable to avoid salt as too much water retention can be bad. Too much consumption of caffeine can cause depression and anxiety.
  2. Go for a holistic and balanced diet: Women must include sufficient amounts of minerals and vitamins in their diet to avoid PMS. Try eating foods that are rich in magnesium such as bananas and leafy green vegetables. Also consume Vitamin A rich foods, mainly yellow and orange vegetables.
  3. Take up some light exercises: Light aerobic exercises may help you in getting some relief from bloated stomach and pain. But, don’t exert yourself in doing stressful exercises.
  4. Try some heat: Applying a heat pad can provide relief from muscle cramps and abdominal pain. Heat dilates the blood vessels and improves flow of blood through them. This provides relief from any sort of pain.
  5. Drink right: It is true that too much retention of water in the body can worsen PMS. But it is advisable that you drink sufficient amount of water during the periods or before it starts. As experts say, water itself can hinder water retention in your body. Besides water, go for herbal drinks like a cup of hot ginger tea. Some herbal drinks can work wonders in preventing PMS.
  6. Sleep well: Adequate night sleep is a must for menstruating women.
  7. Oil message: Use lavender oil and cypress oil to avoid muscle cramps and tension.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

Vaginal Bleeding Between Periods: How To Prevent It?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Guwahati
Vaginal Bleeding Between Periods: How To Prevent It?

Many women experience unusual vaginal bleeding between periods at some point in their lives. It is also known as metrorrhagia. Vaginal bleeding is thought to be abnormal in the following cases:

  1. When your menstrual period is not expected
  2. When your menstrual flow is lighter or heavier than normal
  3. At unexpected stages in life. For example, when you are pregnant or after you have attained menopause.

PCOD does not cause Thyroid dysfunction. Thyroid dysfunction may cause dysfunctional bleeding or it may be an associated condition with PCOD.

Bleeding during periods is not a normal condition. Usually, the duration of the cycle is about 21 – 35 days. Abnormal vaginal bleeding has numerous conceivable causes. Independently, it doesn't show a genuine condition.

  1. Mid-cycle bleeding can be caused due to ovulation.
  2. Two hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle are progesterone or oestrogen. A condition of hormonal imbalance which is known as Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOs) causes interference with normal ovulation. This results in problems in thyroid glands as well as causes dysfunctional ovaries.
  3. Medications such as birth control pills are capable of causing abnormal bleeding, especially with the irregular intake of such medications.
  4. Infections or inflammation caused in the pelvic regions such as uterus, vagina, cervix, ovaries or fallopian tubes are capable of causing abnormal bleeding. STIs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) and PIDs (Pelvic inflammatory disease) are often the cause of such a condition.
  5. Although Cancer is not one of the primary causes, cancer in organs such as the uterus, vagina, cervix and ovaries are capable of causing abnormal bleeding during periods.

How it can prevented

  1. Maintaining a healthy diet. Women who are either underweight or overweight tend to have more problems with abnormal bleeding
  2. Relaxation practices should be followed so that stress is reduced. Stress can cause abnormal bleeding.
  3. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) should be consumed to reduce menstrual bleeding. Examples are ibuprofen or naproxen.
  4. In case of consumption, birth control pills should be taken as per the prescription only and regularly at the same time.
  5. Hormone therapy (using external hormones in a medical treatment) can be used in order to regulate menstrual cycles, stabilize the endometrium which is the lining of the uterus as well as to rectify hormonal imbalances.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3 people found this helpful

5 Most Common Causes Of Irregular Periods!

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
5 Most Common Causes Of Irregular Periods!

Irregularity in the menstrual cycle is one of the most common issues to be fixed since the hormones responsible for the menstrual cycle is affected by several factors and systems of the body. According to a report published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism in 2011, it came to the fore that frequent missing of periods over an extended period is a common problem affecting over 5 percent of women at any given time. But what’s more important is that most women suffer from irregular periods all through the reproductive span of their life.

LH (Luteinizing Hormone) and FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) produced by pituitary gland stimulate the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone and will cause the release of the egg. When there are fluctuations in LH, FSH, estrogen, and progesterone, the menstruation cycle gets irregular. For successful treatment of irregular periods, it is crucial to determine the cause. A few predominant causes of irregular periods are:

  1. High levels of stress: When you are stressed out for a long time, your body learns to save energy by stopping ovulation. If you experience a traumatic event or you undergo excessive day to day stress, it can suddenly cause the adrenals to work hard which can interrupt the production of estrogen, thyroid hormones, and other reproductive hormones. Restrictive eating and over-exercising can also lead to hypothalamic amenorrhea, a condition wherein the menstruation stops for several months altogether.
  2. Poor diet: If your daily diet lacks antioxidants, vitamins, protein, and minerals, then there could be an adverse effect on the thyroid levels and the adrenal glands. Fried and processed foods along with sugary items can raise the adrenal fatigue and cortisol which, in turn, hinders the functionality of other necessary hormones. If you are suffering from irregular periods, you should take foods rich in antioxidants, proteins, and antioxidants.
  3. Extreme loss of weight: When the body mass index or BMI reaches below 18, you will start missing your periods due to low body fat. Body fat is crucial for creating estrogen, and lack of this hormone also causes issues such as anorexia and bulimia. But it is important to note here that not all women suffering from irregular periods are underweight.
  4. Thyroid disorders: The fluctuations of thyroid hormones often cause an irregularity of periods. According to some experts, thyroid problems are one of the leading causes of irregular menstruation. Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can cause symptoms like alterations in cortisol and estrogen levels.
  5. Food allergies: If you are sensitive to gluten or have celiac disease which has remained undiagnosed, it can cast an impact on the hormone levels. As these conditions may cause nutrient deficiencies, it can affect the gut health and add stress to the adrenal glands. As a result, all these together disrupt the secretion of sex hormones and cause irregular menstruation.

Several treatments are available to treat the causes that would slowly bring back your menstruation cycle to normal.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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