A female hormone that is vital for the regulation of menstruation and ovulation is known as Progesterone. It is used to induce periods in those women who haven’t yet reached menopause, and who are not having their periods due to a lack of its secretion. It is also used to treat abnormal uterine bleeding, and symptoms of pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS).
Using Progesterone could cause harm your unborn baby if you do not let your doctor know that you are pregnant. If you suffer from liver disease, vaginal bleeding, or have a history of breast cancer, the medicine should not be used. It can increase the chances of a blood clot, heart attack, stroke and breast cancer.
Progesterone is to be used exactly as it has been prescribed to you. Since the medicine can make you dizzy or drowsy, it is best taken at night. Make sure to have regular physical examinations while taking this medicine.
Many women experience unusual vaginal bleeding between periods at some point in their lives. It is also known as metrorrhagia. Vaginal bleeding is thought to be abnormal in the following cases:
1. When your menstrual period is not expected
2. When your menstrual flow is lighter or heavier than normal
3. At unexpected stages in life. For example, when you are pregnant or after you have attained menopause.
Bleeding during periods is not a normal condition. Usually, the duration of the cycle is about 21 – 35 days. Abnormal vaginal bleeding has numerous conceivable causes. Independently, it doesn't show a genuine condition.
How it can prevented
Unexpected or abnormal vaginal bleeding usually refers to the kind of bleeding that occurs any time outside of the normal time of menstruation. Also termed as spotting, inter-menstrual bleeding or metrorrhagia, bleeding between periods always calls for extra measures to be taken against it, and is a matter of serious concern.
The primary causes for unexpected vaginal bleeding generally are:
While in most cases, this type of bleeding is naturally corrected, some women might need to undergo treatments when the case is severe. Overlooking an otherwise minor issue might thrust you in the face of life-threatening circumstances, if it develops into a case of cancer, infection, or any other type of disorder.
‘Prevention’ of vaginal bleeding, as such, is indeed a narrow possibility and the measures will almost always vary since the factors that cause intermenstrual bleeding aren’t the same in all cases. However, what your doctor will always advise you in this regard will be to ensure that your diet is balanced, your weight under control and your lifestyle is essentially healthy. If you happen to be on birth control medications, be so while adhering to medical instructions. Resorting to taking aspirin doses often might also influence the incidence of such abnormal conditions. If your pain still persists after you experience unexpected bleeding, you must consult your doctor without any further delay.
Hypogonadism in females occurs when your sex glands produce little or no sex hormones.The sex glands, also called gonads that are responsible for ovary formation in females, breast enlargement and in menstrual cycle.
What Are the Types of Female Hypogonadism?
There two types of hypogonadism are primary and central hypogonadism.
Primary Hypogonadism: Primary hypogonadism means that you don't have enough sex hormones in your body due to a problem in your gonads. Your gonads are still receiving the message to produce hormones from your brain, but they aren't able to produce them.
Central Hypogonadism or Secondary Hypogonadism: In central hypogonadism, the problem lies in your brain. The hypothalamus and pituitary gland in your brain, which control your gonads, aren't working properly.
Causes of Primary Hypogonadism:
Causes of Central or Secondary Hypogonadism include:
Symptoms that May Affect Females Include:
Treatment for Hypogonadism in Women: Your treatment will involve increasing the amount of female sex hormones in your body. Your first line of treatment will probably be estrogen therapy if you've had a hysterectomy. Either a patch or pill can administer the supplemental estrogen hormone. Estrogen must be balanced with progesterone, because taking estrogen alone leads to a dangerous build up of the lining of the uterus (endometrial hyperplasia) that can lead to cancer of the uterus. Low-dose testosterone may be added for women with hypogonadism who have a low sex drive.
Hysterectomy is a procedure that is used to treat a wide variety of conditions. A partial hysterectomy is performed for the removal of the uterus whereas a myomectomy is performed for the removal of the fibroids. A complete hysterectomy is performed in order to remove the uterus and the cervix. With hysterectomy, there comes some critical and sensitive topic that needs to be discussed with the surgeon. Here is a list of top 10 things that need to be known about hysterectomy:
Ovarian cancer is the cancer of an ovary. The ovaries are the two glands which are responsible for female reproduction. They produce ova or eggs and also produce the female hormones oestrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer begins when abnormal cells in the ovary start to multiply rapidly and grow out of control to form a tumour. It is the 5th most common cancer among women.
The exact cause of the cancer is unknown but the following factors increase the risk:
Symptoms of ovarian cancer are generally difficult to detect, but cancer may bring about early indications. The most widely recognized symptoms of ovarian cancer are as follows:
Irregular menstruation or bleeding post menopause
Constant bloating or abdominal swelling
Ache in your lower abdomen or pelvis
Inconvenience eating/ loss of appetite
Feeling full instantly/ constipation
Urinary issues, for example, an urgent need to urinate or urinating more frequently than expected
Generalized weakness /tiredness.
In case that you have at least one of these side effects and it happens every day for more than two or three weeks, try to see a doctor or a specialist.
These symptoms are basic for a few women. They may not imply that you have ovarian cancer. It is very important for women to understand that these symptoms do not necessarily imply that they have ovarian cancer. The same number of other common and harmless conditions can bring about the same indications. Additionally, different reasons for these symptoms are significantly more common than ovarian cancer. These may include irritable bowel syndrome and urinary tract infections (UTIs). In any case, the early indications of ovarian cancer tend to follow a pattern, which is as follows:
They begin abruptly.
They do not feel the same as your typical stomach-related or menstrual issues.
They happen almost consistently and do not leave.
However, these side effects are also common in a few women who do not have ovarian cancer. Most of the ovarian cancer cases are diagnosed at a later stage after the tumours have spread. Fortunately, around 20% of women are diagnosed early, where excellent prognosis can be achieved. Regular screening test for early ovarian cancer like General pelvic examinations now and then, followed by ultrasound examinations or blood tests for cancer-related markers, can help. If required Ct scan, MRI, PET, colonoscopy/laproscopy can be done to find the extent of the disease.
In case some of these symptoms start to manifest in your body, one should go for a general check-up. Cancers detected at a later stage become difficult to treat. Hence, the sooner one knows, the better it is. So Stay healthy and informed. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!