Fever is a condition wherein your body temperature rises above the normal temperature (98.6°F). It is not a cause of concern until your body temperature reaches 101°F. In infants and children, even a slight increase in the body temperature must be looked into with utmost attention. Fevers generally go away in a few days but can cause extreme fatigue and body aches. Shivering, body ache, sweating, dehydration, general weakness and loss of appetite are some of the signs of fever. Most fevers can be treated at home with some simple remedies. However, if your condition does not improve in 3-4 days or the temperature crosses 103°F, you must consult a doctor. It could be a sign of some serious infection in your body.
There are some home remedies that you can adopt to get rid of fever like hydrating yourself. Fever can drain your body off some useful fluids. Avoid this by drinking plenty of fluids like water, juices or both. Take proper rest. Activity can raise your body temperature. Try keeping a wet and cold cloth on your forehead. It helps in bringing down the temperature. If your condition does not improve by home care, you must consult a doctor. The doctor will first check your temperature to find out the severity of your condition. He may then prescribe over the counter medications like acetaminophen, ibuprofen, aspirin, crocin and others. Do not consume antibiotics on your own. In case you are diagnosed with serious diseases like typhoid, dengue, viral, jaundice and malaria, your treatment will follow a different route.
If your body temperature increases above 98.6°F, you are suffering from fever. You must take necessary precautions from the very first day to avoid worsening of your condition.
If you are going through some other medical treatment, the rise in body temperature may be due to those medications. Consult your doctor before starting with any kind of treatment.
Some medications may cause temporary redness, irritation and itchiness in the skin. Do not worry, these effects wear off gradually.
Take care of cleanliness around you. Wash your hands especially before eating, after using the toilet and after petting animals. Avoid sharing cups, utensils or water bottles with others so that nobody else catches the infection bacteria or virus.
Common fever may take about 3-8 days to recover. In case of more serious diseases, the time period may increase.
One session of consultation with a doctor may cost you between ₹200 - ₹600. The cost of acetaminophen may be around ₹100 per 500ml. Ibuprofen may cost around ₹10 per 50ml.
You may catch fever again due to change in weather, stress, exhaustion or viral/ bacterial infection.
Fever generally goes away on its own within a few days. If you do not want to undergo medications, you may try to rest and let it pass. You can avoid catching fever in the future by following a healthy lifestyle and consuming a nutritious diet. Take proper care of your hygienic conditions. Do not over exert your body and remember to change your lifestyle according to the change in weather.
Rs.200 to Rs.600
Sarcoidosis is a condition that can alter the structure and possibly the function of the affected organ as well if not tackled early. Sarcoidosis refers to the growth of tiny inflammatory tissues in various parts of the body resulting in symptoms such as symptoms fever, fatigue, weight loss and swollen lymph nodes. Most often, the disease begins in the lungs and then spreads to other organs.
It is still not known clearly what causes this disease, and most often the symptoms may appear and disappear now and then. However, Sarcoidosis can develop gradually in which case it produces certain symptoms that can even stay for a lifetime.
And, based on the organ that has been affected by the disease, the symptoms tend to vary. For example, if it affects the lungs, then symptoms like breathlessness, pain in the chest, persistent dry cough and wheezing become evident. In case it is in the eye, then the symptoms manifest in the form of pain in the eye, light sensitivity, blurred vision, and severe redness.
How is it diagnosed?
Sarcoidosis can be difficult to diagnose as in the initial stages it shows very few symptoms. It can be identified through a series of diagnostic tests that include a biopsy. When trying to diagnose this disease, a doctor may perform various physical examinations such as looking for skin lesions, swelling of the lymph nodes and even listening to the heartbeat and the lungs. There are a variety of tests to determine whether Sarcoidosis is affecting the nervous system, the lungs or any other vital organs. Some of these tests are a chest x-ray, computerized tomography, blood tests, positron emission tomography (PET scan), lung function tests, and MRIs.
What is the course of action?
Usually, medication like immunosuppressive medication and corticosteroids are used as a part of Sarcoidosis treatment. These medicines help in suppressing the immune system while reducing the Sarcoidosis induced inflammation. Depending on the organs that are affected, the severity of the inflammation, as well as the symptoms, the medication and length of treatment may vary. When body parts like the eyes, the heart, the lungs or the nervous system get affected by this disease, one must opt for treatment without delay.
In case Sarcoidosis leads to severe damage to the heart, the liver or the lungs, then transplant through surgery becomes the only option for controlling the disease. When the skin is affected, or Sarcoidosis isn’t responding to any other treatments, hydroxychloroquine and TNF-alpha inhibitors are used for treatment.
This ailment cannot be cured completely. While for some patients, the symptoms can subside by themselves or with treatment, for others it may continue to give trouble for years. This can lead to damage to different organs of the body. Therefore, in case you notice any symptoms, it is necessary to seek medical attention immediately.
Going through pregnancy is an experience, which is truly unique and is one that an average woman goes through only a few times over the course of her life. Having said that, it is such a complex process that it is only expected that there are questions, which occur to a woman over the course of those nine eventful months, which need answers to. A qualified doctor is the right person to ask these questions to, but what exactly are the questions which need to be asked? Here is short list of a few of them.
What medicines should a woman make use of if she feels unwell during pregnancy?
Over the course of pregnancy, a woman is likely to feel ill due to a variety of issues. It could be a very bad case of heartburn or just a headache. A woman must ask her doctor about the right medicines for the issues. These medicines should be over-the-counter so that she can get them without needing a prescription and can take them without having to wait for an appointment. Generally, the doctor would provide a list of medicines to take in various scenarios. For example, in case there is fever with a headache, the doctor may prescribe Tylenol. Similarly, a fibre supplement may be advised in the case of constipation.
What should be the target weight and how fast should a woman gain it?
Considering that during pregnancy, a second and developing body needs to be nourished, the food requirements of a mother-to-be are much higher than an average woman. What this effectively means is that over the course of a few months, a woman may need to gain some weight in order to provide enough nutrition for the baby, without having her own levels of the same drop off a cliff! If a woman is underweight, this means that up to 40 pounds may need to be gained.
What are the exercises required to have an easy and smooth pregnancy?
It is to be kept in mind that gaining weight really does not mean that exercise is to be cut off. As a matter of fact, if a pregnant woman stays active to a reasonable level over her course of pregnancy, it is much better for both the mother as well as the baby. Also, the chances of water retention or anxiety are much less. Isn’t it worth to spend time exercising and avoid spending unnecessary time worrying on issues related to pregnancy?
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
When you are pregnant, the need to watch your health is significantly higher. It is not just a question of your health, but of the developing baby also. This makes it extremely significant as different bacteria and viruses could affect the baby’s development and even lead to complications with pregnancy and childbirth.
The flu, short for influenza, is a mild viral infection that affects the upper airways, including the nose, throat, and sinuses. The usual symptoms include nose blockage, runny nose, sore throat, sneezing, cough, heavy headed feeling. It is caused by a virus and therefore there is no remedy for it. It has to run its course which usually takes about 7 days, and the body will fight off the infection on its own.
Symptomatic treatment including paracetamol and adequate hydration can help live through the flu. Though it is common in any weather, the winters increase the risk.
Another increased risk factor is the reduced immune levels in a pregnant woman, making them more prone to catching the flu. This could lead to complications like pneumonia which might require hospitalisation and prolonged treatment with antibiotics. The baby could also be at risk of miscarriage, low birth weight, and premature birth.
Symptoms: If you do catch the flu during your pregnancy, you will notice the following symptoms a headache, runny nose, fatigue, sore throat, shortness of breath, coughing, sudden chills or fever, diarrhoea or vomiting, and body aches, and loss of appetite.
Management: If you suspect that you could have the flu, contact the doctor immediately. Taking safe antiviral medications can help reduce the duration of the illness and reduce pain and suffering. In addition, getting plenty of rest and drinking lots of fluids can help recovery. Acetaminophen can help manage the fever, while Robitussin and guaifenesin can help manage the cough.
Prevention: If you are planning for pregnancy or are already pregnant, it makes great sense to get vaccinated for the flu. This can help prevent a flu attack and sail through pregnancy smoothly. In addition to protecting the mother, the flu vaccine also transmits the virus to the newborn, which gets immunity for up to 6 months of life. The vaccine also has a beneficial effect on the newborn.
It is safe to get the flu vaccine during pregnancy, though taking it in the early months is advisable. It is also safe during breastfeeding with no harmful effects documented. In addition, some healthy habits like regularly washing hands, eating healthy, getting adequate sleep, and keeping a safe distance from people with flu can help prevent flu attack.
While prevention is the best solution, if contracted, the flu can be managed well by seeking immediate medical attention.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
"No soul can replace a mother’s emotion. No individual can bestow the warmth of mother’s lap."
As a hen hatches the egg, we must warm, nourish, protect and feel the divine touch of our baby. In the early 1970s, motivated by problems arising from the shortage of incubators and also the impact of mother and newborn separation, Colombian pediatrician Edgar Rey developed a simple method later named ‘Kangaroo mother care’ (KMC). KMC has three main components including thermal care through continuous skin-to-skin contact by being tied with a cloth to the front usually of the mother; support for exclusive breastfeeding or other appropriate feedings; and early recognition and response to complications. As less number of people
tend to touch your baby, thus reducing the risk of hospital-acquired the infection.
From various studies, it has been revealed that there are distinct benefits Celestial Love when babies share a bed with their parents compared to when they sleep in isolation. The physical closeness of your baby at night promotes increased secretion of the hormone prolactin in the mother. This encourages the production of breast milk. The physical proximity of the breast enables your baby to feed easily at night and this will promote optimal nutrition and healthy development. It has been found in a research that, mothers respond more quickly to the baby’s needs. Being physically close to your baby at night sharpens your intuition making you more responsive when your baby is in need.
Babies tend to sleep better and are less likely to wake-up when another person is in touching distance. Comfort and security from co- sleeping help your baby to make the transitions between sleep stages more smooth without waking up. Maternal sleep cycles adapt to those of their babies. With more frequent light sleep cycles, it is easier for you to respond to your baby and then go back to sleep, then it would be to be roused out of deep sleep to deal with a crying, and more distressed baby.
The closeness of your baby is the natural way to regulate the temperature when a baby is close to the mother he can never be cold nor be too hot. Mother is likely to know if the baby has a fever. Close baby contact, warmth, untouched at night helps to promote babies optimal physical and emotional development. Being fully satisfied at night will help your baby develop into an affectionate child with a strong sense of self-worth.
Sharing a bed allows you to enjoy more contact with your baby and helps to alleviate anxiety about absence during the day. Father’s who are absent all day at work, benefit from the physical closeness and skin contact at night and the daily satisfaction of the strong protective instinct they may have for the baby.
To sleep with the baby use a bed big enough for all of you. Position your baby so that, she may not fall or smothered by pillows or bedding. Place her on bed to sleep without pillow. Baby should not be dressed too warmly. Use several light weight blankets. Sleep naked or wear light clothes. Never fall asleep with baby lying on you. Never smoke or sleep drunk. Enjoy your baby’s presence, feel the touch and thank Almighty every moment for his blessings. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Pediatrician.
It may sound queer, but it is true, testicular trauma is a condition wherein one or both the testicles experience an injury. Any kind of accident can lead to testicular injuries. Although some common ones include:
Other few and severe causes of injury include bullet wounds, animal bites, injuries or accidents because of the wrong usage of tools or machinery. Not surprisingly, it can happen during sexual intercourse too.
The types of testicular injuries
Testicular trauma can be of various types. Some typical ones include:
Symptoms of testicular injuries
As you might recall from prior experience, a testicular injury causes crunching pain within the scrotum. Pain in the abdomen might also accompany the above mentioned symptom. Some further symptoms include:
Some serious injuries can also cause sexual problems and even fertility issues.
Diagnosis and treatment
Most minor injuries get healed within minutes or hours. But for any serious injury sustained, you have to consult a doctor. The doctor would ask you questions regarding how and when it occurred after which you could be advised to go through imaging and ultrasound tests. After diagnosing the extent of the condition, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics or other medications. Although home remedies such as applying ice packs on the affected area also helps.