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Jaundice - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Jaundice?

Jaundice is also called icterus and describes a yellow coloring of skin and the sclera. It happens due to excess blood bilirubin levels (hyperbilirubinemia). Body fluids might turn yellow as well. The sclera and skin color changes depending on bilirubin levels. Moderately high bilirubin levels turn the skin yellow and very high levels turn it brown. Bilirubin is a yellow waste product that causes sclera and skin coloration in jaundice. Bilirubin is the byproduct after iron gets removed from the RBCs. Excess bilirubin might leak into the surrounding tissues and cause coloration.


Underlying disorders where bilirubin is overproduced or the liver is prevented from disposing it cause jaundice in most cases. In both instances, the bilirubin gets stored in the tissues.

Few conditions that might result in jaundice are:

  • Acute liver inflammation- it might impair the liver’s ability to secrete bilirubin after conjugating it and may result in buildup.
  • Bile duct inflammation- it might obstruct the liver in bilirubin disposal
  • Hemolytic anemia- bilirubin production increases when there are large amounts of RBCs to be broken
  • Gilbert’s syndrome- it is inherited and impairs the enzymes ability to excrete bile

Cholestasis is a condition when the bile flow is interrupted. The bile with the conjugated bilirubin, instead of getting excreted, stays within the liver.

    Jaundice has three primary types:

    • Hepatocellular Jaundice- It happens due to liver injury or disease.
    • Hemolytic Jaundice- It happens due to hemolysis and results in increased bilirubin production.
    • Obstructive Jaundice- It happens due to bile duct obstruction and prevents the bilirubin from escaping form the liver.

    Jaundice treatment needs a diagnosis for a specific cause for selecting viable treatment plans. Such a treatment targets the cause instead of the jaundice.

    • Jaundice caused due to anemia can be addressed by increasing the blood’s iron content by either consuming food rich in iron or using supplements.
    • Jaundice resulting from hepatitis can be treated by giving steroid or anti-viral medications.
    • Obstruction induced jaundice can be treated with surgery so as to make it unobstructed.
    • Medication induced jaundice can be treated with alternative medicines and stopping the medicines that started it


The itching in jaundice might get very intense and the patients might have insomnia, scratch excessively and in extreme cases may commit suicide. The complications in jaundice are mostly not due to the jaundice itself, but the underlying causes. For example, a bile-duct obstruction jaundice might result in continuous bleeding due to vitamin deficiency.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Yellowish colour in skin and eyes which starts at the head and spreads downwards Itchiness Pale stools Vomiting Dark coloured urine Pain in the abdomen

Popular Health Tips

Jaundice - The Right Way It Can Be Treated!

MBBS, DNB - Internal Medicine, DNB - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Faridabad
Jaundice - The Right Way It Can Be Treated!

Jaundice is a medical condition where the bilirubin level shoots up in the blood of the affected person. Also referred to as icterus, the condition may affect adults as well as newborn babies (Neonatal Jaundice), whereby the skin and the white part of the eye (sclera) appears yellowish in color (due to the accumulation of bilirubin).

Bilirubin is the bile pigment that results from the breakdown of hemoglobin (when the RBC cells breakdown). The bilirubin thus produced is released into the plasma. The liver then filters the released bilirubin for further metabolism. In the case of a diseased condition, injury or infection to the liver, it fails to remove the bilirubin from the bloodstream. As a result, there is an abnormal rise in the bilirubin level in the blood (Hyperbilirubinemia), resulting in jaundice. In jaundice, Bilirubin can go upto much higher levels. At 2.5-3 it just starts to get manifest as yellow eyes. Obstructive jaundice may require an endoscopic procedure or surgery.

Types of jaundice:
Jaundice may be of the following types:

  • Hepatocellular jaundice: In Hepatocellular jaundice, the elevated bilirubin level in the blood is an outcome of a liver disease or an injury (altering the normal functioning of the liver).
  • Hemolytic jaundice: Here, the increased level of bilirubin in the blood results from an increased breakdown of the RBCs (Hemolysis).
  • Obstructive jaundice: As the name suggests, Obstructive jaundice results from an obstruction in the bile duct. As a result, the bilirubin does not get filtered and remains in the liver.

Factors contributing to jaundice:
The increased buildup of bilirubin may be an outcome of

  • Obstruction and inflammation of the bile duct.
  • Chronic liver disease including liver cirrhosis and hepatitis.
  • Pancreatic Cancer.
  • Hemolytic anemia: It is a condition resulting from increased breakdown of RBCs.
  • Gilbert's syndrome.
  • Certain medications may also interfere and alter the normal functioning of the liver (steroids, birth control pills, and acetaminophen, to name a few).
  • In cholestasis, the bile (conjugated bilirubin), instead of getting eliminated, remains in the liver.

The symptoms associated with jaundice include

  • The skin (particularly, the face, hands, nails, and feet) and the sclera appear yellowish.
  • The urine appears dark in color.
  • Fever, vomiting, tiredness, and loss of body weight.
  • Abdominal pain (mild to severe).
  • The stool appears pale in color.
  • Itchiness or Pruritus.

Diagnosis and treatment:
The earlier the diagnosis, more effective is the treatment.

  • Jaundice can be diagnosed by
  • Physical examination.
  • Bilirubin tests to determine the total bilirubin level.
  • CBC is used to determine the levels of RBCs, WBCs, and platelets.
  • Liver function tests.

The treatment for jaundice involves identifying the underlying factor responsible for the condition and treating it.

  • In the case of obstructive jaundice, operation helps to improve the condition.
  • Patients with hepatitis may benefit from antiviral medicines as well as steroids.
  • In hemolytic anemia, use of iron supplements helps to improve the condition.
  • Avoid oily and spicy foods, smoking and drinking.
  • Rest as much as possible.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2140 people found this helpful

Enlarged Pancreas - 5 Factors Behind It

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM
Endocrinologist, Hyderabad
Enlarged Pancreas - 5 Factors Behind It

Enlarged pancreas can result beacuse of factors such as: 

  1. An abscess in your pancreas: This refers to a dangerous formation inside the pancreas. Neglecting its occurrence can also turn out to be fatal. An abscess is a cavity containing pus that further infects the rest of the organ. Presence of harmful bacteria in the pancreas leads to such a case.
  2. A cyst in the lining of your pancreas: Epithelial cysts in the pancreas can also cause the organ to swell up. Such cysts are mostly benign but they are accompanied by disabling pain.
  3. Pancreatitis is one disease with an array of threats: Highly active enzymes within the organ can make its tissues wear down thus, affecting the size of your pancreas. If you are an alcoholic, you are more prone to develop this condition. It could also be contracted due to an excess of calcium or fats in the blood.
  4. Cancer of the pancreas is dreadful too: Due to the unanticipated growth of cancer cells in the pancreas, the organ grows bigger. A person suffers from excruciating pain under the influence of this condition.
  5. Pseudocysts in the pancreas can have serious ill effects: When benign cysts become unmanageably harmful, they result into pseudocysts. The cysts contain remains of your tissues and other damaging fluids that can increase the size of the pancreas.

An enlarged pancreas surfaces in the form of these symptoms:

  1. The kind of stool you pass indicates a lot about your health. Oily poop can be indicative of an enlarged pancreas. Persisting diarrhea can also be a symptom of pancreatic ailments.
  2. You may even experience an accelerated pulse rate.
  3. You may feel feverish continually. Bouts of fever can impede your free movement and general health.
  4. Health issues with your pancreas can make you suffer from jaundice. It could be a one- time affair or it could reappear from time to time.
  5. Constant queasiness could hint at some underlying problem in your pancreas.
  6. You may even lose more than a few pounds over a short span of time. Such a thing should not be taken lightly as it not only makes you look sick but also degrades your immunity. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult an endocrinologist.
3107 people found this helpful

Jaundice: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

F.I.A.G.E.S , MNAMS (Membership of The National Academy) (General Surgery), DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
General Surgeon, Delhi
Jaundice: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

The medical name for the yellow tint on your skin and around the white portion of the eye is jaundice. However, jaundice is a symptom of a variety of underlying medical conditions, and not a specific disease. When the body break downs deceased red blood cells, a yellow pigment known as bilirubin is formed. Jaundice develops when your system contains excess bilirubin. Usually, the bilirubin, as well as the dead blood cells, are exterminated by your body.

Jaundice may symbolise a critical problem with your pancreas, blood cells, gallbladder or liver.


Jaundice isn’t a disease; it is a symptom. Thus if you have jaundice, it might indicate you may have any of the following complications:

  1. Alcohol abuse.

  2. Liver infection

  3. Liver cancer

  4. Cirrhosis (Liver scarring mostly due to alcohol).

  5. Gallstones.

  6. Hepatitis (Swollen liver that decreases its functionality).

  7. Pancreatic cancer

  8. Blood disorders.

  9. An overdose or adverse reaction to certain medications.


The major indication of jaundice is yellow tinted skin and eyes. In serious cases, the sclera (white parts) of the eye can turn orange or brown. You might additionally exhibit other symptoms such as pale stools and dark urine.

If a concealed condition such as viral hepatitis is causing jaundice, you will probably experience symptoms such as vomiting and excessive fatigue.

Misdiagnosis is common when it comes to jaundice. Sometimes, an abundance of beta carotene (a type of anti-oxidant found abundantly in fruits and plants) can turn your skin yellow.


Since jaundice is a symptom of some other underlying disease, the treatment will focus on that disease. When your treatment starts, the yellow tint will disappear on its own.

If the jaundice is serious, blood transfusions might be needed to expel the excess bilirubin and rejuvenate the body’s red blood cells. However, if the body’s bile duct mechanism gets blocked, a surgery might be required to unblock the same. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

2127 people found this helpful

Jaundice Or Surgical Jaundice!

MCh - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Noida
Jaundice Or Surgical Jaundice!


Jaundice is yellowish discoloration of the sclera of the eye, It occurs due to excess biliary pigments accumulation when Red blood cells are destroyed these pigments are produced in the liver and secreted in the bile. Bile produced in the liver reaches to duodenum part of the small intestine through the common bile duct (a tube connecting from liver to duodenum), Whenever there is an obstruction in this passage of bile from the liver to duodenum it is called as obstructive or surgical jaundice. Obstruction can occur at any point at this passage and the reason for obstruction can be either intrinsic or external compression of the bile duct. Intrinsic factor includes such as biliary stricture, Stones in the common bile duct or intraluminal mass causing obstruction. There can be any external mass which may compress the bile duct from outside and may cause obstruction. Patient present with jaundice, dark-colored urine, the feature which distinguishes it from medical jaundice is pale colored stools, the patient may have itching and anorexia. Liver function test revels predominant raised conjugated bilirubin level, Ultrasound abdomen can confirm the cause of jaundice as obstructive and can also tell the site and cause of obstruction.

Treatment depends on the cause of obstruction and managed accordingly.


नवजात शिशु को पीलिया - Jaundice To Newborn!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
नवजात शिशु को पीलिया - Jaundice To Newborn!

नवजात शिशु को पीलिया होने पर कई बार पता भी नहीं चल पाता है क्योंकि कई नवजात शिशुओं के त्वचा का रंग भी जन्म के पहले कुछ दिनों में पीली ही होती है. इसलिए शिशु स्वस्थ है या पीलिया ग्रसित? इसका अंदाजा लगाने के लिए आपको दुसरे लक्षणों पर गौर करना होगा. इसके बाद शिशु को उचित के लिए ले जाना चाहिए. आप शिशु के पेट या टांगों को देखें यदि ये पिला लगे चिकित्सक के पास जाएँ.

क्या है नवजात में पीलिया का कारण

जाहिर है छोटे शिशुओं में पीलिया (जॉन्डिस) होने के कारण वयस्कों से अलग होते हैं. इसे लेकर घबराने की आवश्यकता नहीं है. जैसा कि आप जानते होंगे कि वयस्कों में पीलिया यकृत (लीवर) में उत्पन्न समस्याओं के कारण होता है. जबकि शिशुओं में इसकी वजह उनके खून में पित्तरंजक (बिलीरुबिन) की मात्रा में वृद्धि हो जाना होती है. आपको बता दें कि नवजात शिशु में बिलिरुबिन का लेवल अधिक होता है. ऐसा इसलिए होता है क्योंकि उनके शरीर में ऑक्सीजन का वहन करने वाली लाल रक्त कोशिकाएं अतिरिक्त होती हैं. नवजात शिशु का लीवर अभी पूरी तरह परिपक्व न होने के कारण अतिरिक्त बिलिरुबीन का अपचय नहीं कर पाता है. इसी वजह से उनमें पीलिया की संभावना बनती है. जैसे जैसे शिशु की उम्र बढ़ती है उनमें बिलिरुबिन का स्तर भी सामान्य से बढ़ता ही जाता है. पीलापन ऊपर से नीचे की तरफ फैलना शुरु हो जाता है. यानि यह सिर से गर्दन, छाती और गंभीर मामलों में पैरों की उंगलियों तक पहुंच जाता है. अगर, कोई गंभीर स्थिति न हो, तो नवजात शिशु में पीलिया आमतौर पर हानिकारक नहीं होता है. हलांकि ये भी धान देने योग्य बात है कि कुछ गंभीर लेकिन दुर्लभ मामलों में यदि पीलिया, लीवर के रोग या माँ व शिशु के खून में असामान्यता के कारण हो, तो यह उसके तंत्रिका तंत्र को नुकसान पहुंचा सकता है.

क्या है इसका लक्षण?

हमारे यहाँ शिशुओं में पीलिया का होना काफी सामान्य बात है. जब किसी महिला का प्रसव अस्पताल में ही होता है तब डॉक्टर पीलिया के विशिष्ट लक्षणों को देखकर ही इसकी पहचान कर लेते हैं. लेकिन यदि आपको घर आने के बाद लगे कि शिशु को पीलिया हो सकता है, तो आप विशेषज्ञों द्वारा बताए गए आसान घरेलु जांच को आजमाएं.
जिस कमरे में पर्याप्त रौशनी हो उसमें शिशु की छाती को हल्के से दबाएं. जब आप दबाव हटाती हैं तब अगर शिशु की त्वचा में पीलापन नजर आए तो आपको अपने डॉक्टर से बात करनी चाहिए. जिन शिशुओं का रंग साफ़ होता है उन शिशुओं पर यह तकनीक बेहतर परिणाम देती है.

दुसरे शिशुओं में पीलिया की जांच के लिए देखें कि उनकी आंखों के सफेद हिस्से, नाखूनों, हथेलियों या मसूढ़ों में पीलापन तो नहीं है. इस बात को भी ध्यान में रखें कि नवजात शिशुओं में पीलिया का होना एक अस्थाई स्थिति है. इसलिए यह कई बार बिना किसी उपचार के जल्द ही ठीक हो जाती है. इसलिए इसका कोई दीर्घकालीन प्रभाव भी नहीं होता है. अगर आपको किसी प्रकार का कोई संदेह है तो अपने चिकित्सक से बात करें.

इन सवालों के जवाब के आधार पर स्थिति जानें

जिन शिशुओं का जन्म समय से पहले होता है उनको जन्म के बाद पहले कुछ हफ्तों तक अस्पताल में ही रखा जाना ठीक रहता है. ताकि डॉक्टर उनपर नजर रख सकें. लेकिन जब आपको छुट्टी मिल जाती है और आप डॉक्टर के निर्देशों का पालन भी करते हैं उसके बावजूद शिशु का पीलिया ठीक नहीं होता तो आपको पुनः डॉक्टर से संपर्क करना चाहिए. इसका पता आप निम्लिखित सवालों के जरिये लगा सकते हैं.

क्या शिशु को बुखार है?
क्या वह सही से स्तनपान कर रहा है?
क्या उसका मल काफी फीके रंग का है (करीब-करीब चिकनी मिट्टी या सफेद रंग का)?
क्या शिशु निरुत्सहित और उनींदा सा है?
क्या पीलिये का पीलापन गहरे पीले रंग में बदल रहा है?
क्या पेशाब का रंग भी गहरा हो रहा है?
क्या है नवजात शिशु में पीलिया का उपचार?

अगर आपके शिशु को पीलिया हो, तो डॉक्टर उसके खून में बिलिरुबिन के स्तर को मापने के लिए जांचें करवाने के लिए कह सकते हैं. गर्भावस्था की पूर्ण अवधि पर जन्मे और स्वस्थ शिशु में पीलिये का उपचार डॉक्टर तब तक शुरु नहीं करते, जब तक कि शिशु के रक्त में बिलिरुबिन का स्तर 16 मिलिग्राम प्रति डेसीलीटर से ज्यादा न हो. मगर यह शिशु की उम्र पर भी निर्भर करता है. 70 के दशक की शुरुआत से पीलिये का उपचार फोटोथैरेपी से किया जा रहा है. यह एक ऐसी प्रक्रिया है, जिसमें नवजात शिशु को फ्लोरोसेंट रोशनी में रखा जाता है. इससे शरीर से अतिरिक्त बिलिरुबिन टूटने लगता है.

शिशु को आमतौर पर पूरे कपड़े उतारकर एक या दो दिन के लिए इस रोशनी में रखा जाता है. उसकी आंखों को रक्षात्मक पट्टी (मास्क) से ढक दिया जाता है. अगर नवजात के शरीर में बिलिरुबिन का स्तर कम हो और फोटोथैरेपी की जरुरत न हो, तो भी आप शिशु को सुबह-सुबह या शाम होने पर सूरज की रोशनी में ले जा सकती हैं. इससे भी बिलिरुबिन का स्तर घटने में मदद मिलती है. ध्यान रखें कि शिशु को ज्यादा समय तक धूप में न रखें क्योंकि इससे शिशु की नाजुक त्वचा में सनबर्न हो सकता है. माँ और शिशु के खून में असंगति होने के कुछ दुर्लभ मामलों में बिलिरुबिन का स्तर खतरनाक उच्च स्तर पर पहुंच सकता है. ऐसी परिस्थिति होने पर शिशु को खून चढ़वाने की भी जरुरत पड़ सकती है.

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Popular Questions & Answers

Hi sir or mam, from my body liver how to remove toxic by natural method because I am getting always Jaundice. Please suggest.

Homeopath, Raebareli
Take antioxidants rich diet less of stress and free from polluted environment will help naturally which is practically not possible everyday or Everytime so you need a proper constitutional Homeopathic treatment to resolve this based on your present lft parameters. Kindly forward the reports.

My son suffering from jaundice. Hepatitis A, B, C and E are reported negative. HIV is also negative. Ultrasound scan for liver, pancreas, gall bladder, kidneys are also ok. What may be the reason?

MBBS, DDV, FCPS, APEX, Diplomat American Board of Sexology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
Jaundice can be due to multiple reasons. It can be obstructive jaundice if all Infection parameters are negative. But nothing to worry about. Please take private consult thru Lybrate.

Hello, Please prescribe me the best food for jaundice. My LFT result shows 6.9 mg%(total bilirubin), 3.5 mg% (direct bilirubin). I am active alcoholic for last ten years. Now, totally quit for 7 months.

General Surgeon, Navi Mumbai
Dear Mr. lybrate-user, If bilirubin is not coming down even after you stoped alcohol indicate liver damage. You need to have detailed test to assess severity of liver damage. Which is important to plan further treatment.
1 person found this helpful

My son is 25 days old and suffering from jaundice and viral infection. His hemoglobin slightly fall in 10 days from 13.6 to 12.3.

Pediatrician, Bangalore
The fall in HB is reasonable if they have been taking blood samples for the jaundice tests. But make sure jaundice is coming down or else if jaundice is getting worse and Hb decresing then it could be because of Red blood cells destruction creating more bilirubin which causes jaundice. Check with your pediatrician.
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Table of Content

What is Jaundice?



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Facts and Myths about Gall Bladder diseases

Hi, I m Dr Nitin Shah. I m a senior consultant at Fortis hospital, Noida. I m a laparoscopic surgeon. I do all sorts of abdomen surgeries. Today we are going to be talking about the gallbladder disease, in which there are stones formed in the gallbladder. We need to understand that patients can initially be absolutely asymptomatic. The patient can have no pain or any discomfort. Many times it is detected by routine health examinations when the patient undergoes an ultra sound of the abdomen.

The initial stages after asymptomatic, the patient starts having little bloating in the abdomen which is commonly referred as gas and acidity. So people have a tendency of neglecting it and keep on taking some antacid or pantocid or Digene and this kind of stuff to suppress the symptoms. So after dyspepsia, the patient starts having pain in the abdomen. This pain can initially very simple pain. It can even progress into severe pain. It starts usually in the pre-gastric region, upper abdomen and goes to the back. This is very typical of a bilicuric and increases after any fatty meal like any extra oily friend. This kind of stuff when we eat, the patient has more pain and then depending on the severity of the inflammation, even patients are known to have pus in the gallbladder, thereby, increasing the mobility of the disease.

Some stones can slip from the gallbladder into the bile duct thereby obstructing the bile duct and producing something that is called obstructive jaundice. In which the patient has severe pain and has visible jaundice also. These stones not only block the bile duct but also can block the pancreas duct thereby causing something called as gall stone pancreatic. So, this is another very severe problem. As we all know, gall bladder cancer is quite common these days. In 4% of the cases, the gall stones are the causes of gallbladder cancer. So, for a simple disease like a gall bladder stone, if not treated at the immediate time this can land up into very very severe problems. now once the diagnosis is confirmed it is a simple surgery called as lap coly cystectomy in which we remove the gallbladder in very small three to four cuts that is called the laparoscopic surgery. The same surgery was previously done with a big cut that s called the laparotomy, cutting open the whole abdomen and then removing the gall bladder. Now it is done by three or four small cuts. In fact, my specialization is getting the same surgery done by a single incision in the ablycus. In which there is one cut in the navel and no cut anywhere else in the abdomen and hence the surgical cut is hardly seen. Probably, even after two months, the surgeon will also not be able to make out whether any surgery is done on the patient or not. The scar is hardly seen and it is very cleverly hidden in the ablycus.

So, for any further information or any question that you want to ask I am available at lybrate.

You can log onto lybrate or even text me or video chat with me on lybrate and I will be more than happy to clear all your doubts regarding any surgical disease and help you in the best way I can.

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Vaccinations for Infants and Children
I am Dr Abhishek Goyal, I am M.D. paediatrics, a child specialist. I am working with my own clinic and a nursing home with the name of Vaishnavi mother and child clinics.
Today I want to tell you regarding the vaccinations. Usually, parents ask me, sir, should we give all the vaccinations to the child, they are very costly. I suggest them this is a thing we should always vaccinate our child with all the vaccinations. As the thing is prevention is always better than cure. And for prevention, the various vaccinations are very important. There are very important vaccinations like in this scenario, we are getting so many patients of chicken pox. And for chicken pox, the vaccination we give to the child is very effective. If the baby is vaccinated, then the baby is at least 90-95% is cured or prevented from chicken pox.

Secondly, if they get also chicken pox, it will be very mild. So according to same, there are so many vaccinations today we should give our neonates to the childhood. Like from the starting we should start from the B.C.G., O.P.V and Hepatitis B, which is given at the birth.
Then after 1 month, 2 month and 3 months there are 7 diseases from which vaccination can be given that is D.P.T. (diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus). Polio, injectable and oral according to the availability and H.I.P., Influenza-b and rota virus. With that hepatitis b is a very important vaccination also. One category is the meningococcal vaccine which is a very good vaccine for pneumonia.
At 9 months, the measles or M.M.R.
At 1 year, Hepatitis A for jaundice. For 15 months, we give M.M.R, chicken pox and at the age of 1 years, it is d.p.t. booster and 2 years it is typhoid.
These days, typhoid vaccine has arrived which can be given earlier around 1 year. Same after that we usually forgot, that 4 years is a very important milestone where the baby has to get the vaccinations which are M.M.R, 2, Chicken pox and D.P.T. And in ten years again the D.T. booster and in girls, it is the cervical cancer vaccine. So these all vaccines are there in all the vaccination charts and you should get your child vaccinated from all the deadly diseases.

For any further query, you can always contact me from the very good app called Lybrate app.

I am available on the Lybrate app.
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Here are tips of Homeopathic treatments
Here are tips of Homeopathic treatments

Hello, friends, I am Dr. Meghna Gupta. I am a homeopath the sweet pill doctor. Today we will talk about homeopathy. Homeopathy is a medical science development of Dr. Samuel Hanhnemann, a German physician. The principle behind the science is similia similibus curantur that is like cures like. In simple whatever substance can cause disease in large quantities can also cure the disease in small quantities. This is the principle behind this science. You must have seen that homeopathy is getting popular day by day. What is the reason behind this? The reason is that you try to treat the patient as a whole not only disease part. Try to give as less medicine as possible in minute doses in the gentlest way with least suffering and we try to treat the person as a whole, he feels better as a whole.

Sometimes the person comes to me ma am this also, this problem which I didn t even tell has also been cured that is the beauty of homeopathy. What I have seen in my practice in nowadays that most of the problems are psychosomatic disorders that are the disease first comes in the mind and then travels to the body. Though this is not true for all the cases that come to us yes it is appropriate for most of the cases that come to us. Why? Because we have so much stress relationships in life nowadays, such busy life, such sedentary lifestyles but very busy lifestyles, high-pressure jobs, competitiveness.

So many people are having problems like gastrointestinal disorders, acidity, acid reflux, hypertension, Blood pressure, thyroid, PCOD s, diabetes, hair fall, sinusitis, headaches, migraines and so on and homeopathy has shown wonderful results in all these things. Apart from these, we have very good results in female disorders, in child disorders, allergies from pollens, cold, dust, obstinate children and so on the list is endless and we have actually treated very well the patients of Dengue, malaria, typhoid, and jaundice. What I try to do in my clinic that I try to take very detailed case history of the person like his likes and dislikes his past family history, his own family history, and his relationship with his spouse, the relationship between his own parents, his birth history, his reaction to temperatures, his work life, the kind of work he does.

Why do you take so many questions? Why? Because we want to individualize the patients to an extent as possible so that we are giving him only one medicine which can take care of all the problems like you must not have seen in every case every side has its own limitations so homeopathy has its limitations but still it has been a very wonderful science and we are blessed to have such a nice science in our own reach. It s a boon for us, the mankind. When I see the wonderful results of this science I fall in love with this science every day.

If you want to know more about homeopathy and wonderful results it has you are very free to come to my clinic at MediEval or you can connect with me on Lybrate for online consultation. Thank you. Stay healthy.
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Alcoholic Liver Disease
Symptoms, causes, and treatment for Alcoholic Liver Disease

Hi, This is Dr. Umesh Alegaonkar from Thane, Sampada Hospital. The topic of discussion is Chronic Alcoholic Liver Disease.

As you know, that 95% of the cases of liver damage on earth is because of alcohol and over intake of alcohol. Usually, it is defined as alcoholic diseases when a person suffers from the diseases of liver related illnesses and consumes more than 80 grams of alcohol or 240 ml of alcohol every day for at least five years. In the case of women, this amount gets little lower, it's 50 grams of alcohol daily for five years. Usually, the liver failures manifest in terms of increase in weight gain, jaundice, irrelevant speech, a decrease in night sleep, day time sleep pattern alters, decrease in appetite, increase in your abdominal girth. It is usually very late to diagnose the chronic liver disease because of the alcoholism, usually, the patients are into the denial mode, and the sonographic features may not be able to reveal the intensity of the liver diseases.

The newer technology like the Fibroscan can definitely give an early indication of the liver damages that has happened because of the alcohol intake. Apart from the history of the alcohol intake, the patient can simply opt for Elastography which is the finest diagnostic tool available nowadays in any of the diagnostic centers. Depending on the share value, we can judge the severity of the liver damage because of alcohol. Of course, the liver transplant is the golf standard treatment when the liver is completely damaged, but the need for the liver transplant goes into declining mode as the person quits alcohol, it decreases by and large the survival rate from the day of abstinence of alcohol is more than 30%. So if we consider that 30% of the life span of a person when he leaves alcohol considering the liver damage costing nowadays are around 30-35 lac rupees. We can estimate the amount of money which can be saved by just remaining away from alcohol.

Apart from that, liver damage recommends multiple tests such as blood test, urine test and ultimately the huge socio-economic burden needs to be evaluated just because of alcohol giving trouble not only in the family but also in the society. A simple measure by lessening your alcohol intake or abstaining from alcohol may be a fair idea but it is not recommended at all when a person gets to know the liver has roughly damaged because of the alcohol. Now, that day onwards, he has to abstain from alcoholism.

For any other further alcohol related or liver damage inquiries, please contact on
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Gallbladder Stone
How laparoscopy can help in treating gallbladder stone and prevent you from severe medical conditions, which can happen because of it.

Hello I am Dr Sudhir Kalhan. I am senior consultant and the CO chairman of the department of minimal access metabolic and bariatric surgery at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital. Sir Ganga Ram Hospital is a multispeciality tertiary care centre having reference from all over India. Power department specialising in treating diseases of the gallbladder appendix and hernia and diseases related to obesity. Today I am going to discuss common diseases like gallbladder stone disease. Gallbladder as we all know is a small organ in the liver bed. It stores about 30 ml of bile and whenever we have a heavy fatty meal, this extra bile is secreted into the stomach.

Very commonly especially in North India where we take a fat rich diet which is high on lipids and cholesterol we have what is known as gallbladder stone disease. So what happens is that whenever we take a fat heavy meal this gallbladder contracts and produces pain the upper abdomen which radiates it to the back. Gallstone disease can be very very dreadful if these those fall into the common bile duct it can produce jaundice. If did stones pass into the pancreas they can produce inflammation of the pancreas and dreadful disease of pancreas which can later cause diabetes mellitus. Also one of the most dreaded complications of gallbladder stone disease is that 10% of longstanding gallbladder stone disease can go into cancer of the gallbladder which is a near fatal disease.

On the other hand gallbladder disease can very easily be tackle now using a technique known as laparoscopic surgery. Yes Kotak surgery commonly known as keyhole surgery or Telescopic surgery or loosely also as laser surgery requires making small tiny holes into the abdomen 5 millimetres of size which insert a telescope which is connected to a camera. Using this telescope and camera we put and ancillary instruments and bisect the gallbladder of the liver bed and using metallic clips this is then dissected of and removed from the gallbladder. The disease gallbladder is then sent for biopsy.

This whole surgery normally takes about 20 to 30 minutes and most of the patients can start moving around 1 to 2 hours after surgery and typically with 24 hours the patients are back to the normal routines. That means they can move around the can climb stairs they can eat there normal diet and they can go back to the normal works within 3-4 days. So my suggestion to all of you is that gallbladder disease is a very dreadful disease. We should not wait for the disease to advanced.

An early treatment leads to early recovery. Thank you.
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