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Overview

Cirrhosis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Cirrhosis is a medical condition where the healthy tissue of the liver is replaced by scar tissues. This makes it difficult for the liver to function properly. The scar tissue slows down the processing of natural toxins, drugs, hormones and nutrients. This occurs due to the blockage of the flow of blood through the liver. It can also slow down the manufacturing of proteins made by the liver. It can even cause death if not treated on time.

What causes liver Cirrhosis?

Liver Cirrhosis is most commonly caused due to alcohol abuse, fatty liver and hepatitis C. Other causes of Cirrhosis in the liver include:

  • Fatty liver which is associated with diabetes and obesity.
  • Acute viral infections of the liver such as hepatitis D, B and C. This is somewhat rare.
  • Blockage of the bile which transfers bile to the intestines. Bile is generally formed in the liver and it helps in digesting food. Blockage of the bile duct can also be caused due to bilary atresia. In this condition, the bile ducts are damaged or absent which causes the bile to stay in the liver. This condition usually affects babies.
  • Continuous bouts of heart failure causing fluid to build up in the liver.
  • Diseases such as cystic fibrosis, glycogen storage disease (inability of the body to process glycogen into sugar), alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency (absence of a certain enzyme in the liver).
  • Diseases and disorders which are caused by hemochromatosis (excessive iron content is deposited in the liver and other vital organs), Wilson’s disease (unusual storage of copper inside the liver) and abnormal liver functioning.
  • Rare factors like parasitic infections, exposure to environmental toxins and reaction to certain prescription drugs can also contribute to Cirrhosis.

How is Cirrhosis diagnosed?

  • Physical exam- The doctor usually performs a physical exam to see how large your liver is and observes how your liver feels. A liver affected by Cirrhosis might feel irregular and bumpy instead of smooth.
  • CT scan and ultrasound- Tests like ultrasound, computerized tomography (CT scan) and radioisotope scan is performed to analyze Cirrhosis.
  • Biopsy- During a biopsy, a tissue from the liver is taken and tested for diagnosing Cirrhosis of the liver.
  • Surgery- This is usually performed in severe cases, a laparoscope is inserted through an incision inside the abdomen. After the doctor gets an entire view of the liver he performs the surgery.
Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Yellow skin Decreased apetite Nose bleeds Weight loss Itchy skin Weakness Swelling of the legs

Popular Health Tips

Cirrhosis of Liver - Ayurveda Treatment

Dr. Mahesh Gupta 93% (154 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), CERTIFICATE IN OSTEOPATHY, Panchakarma Training
Ayurveda, Udaipur
Cirrhosis of Liver Cirrhosis of the liver is a chronic and progressive condition in which the liver gets damaged and healthy liver tissue is replaced with scar tissue, ultimately causing dysfunction of the liver. Liver damage obstructs the circulation to the liver and also hinders the processing of nutrients, hormones, drugs, toxins as well as the production of proteins and other substances made by the liver. Liver cirrhosis is caused due to hepatitis C, fatty liver, alcohol abuse, viral infections, inherited diseases, and as a toxic reaction to drugs and environmental waste products. The modern management of this condition involves diet modification, reduction in salt intake, total abstinence from alcohol, and avoiding all the causative factors of this condition. Cirrhosis of liver causes multiple symptoms in the body including fluid collection in the abdomen, bleeding varices in the stomach, chronic heart failure, damage to the central nervous system, and various metabolic disorders in the body. Advanced cirrhosis of liver is ultimately fatal. Ayurvedic Treatment It is therefore of prime importance to commence treatment at the earliest possible. It is of utmost importance to treat the known cause of the condition. Ayurvedic herbal medicines have a definite action on the hepatic cells and can effectively treat inflammation within the liver. Ayurvedic medicines can also treat infection as well as metabolic dysfunction of the liver, and protect it from the toxic effects of drugs and environmental wastes. Ayurvedic medicines can therefore be effectively used to treat all the known causes of liver cirrhosis. Liver damage causes healthy cells to be replaced with scar tissue. This is preceded by a process of inflammation, swelling and gradual death of the liver cells. Early institution of Ayurvedic treatment can help dramatically reduce inflammation and swelling and thereby preserve the liver cells and prevent unnecessary damage. Even in the early phase of scar deposition. Ayurvedic herbal medicines can help remove scar tissue, minimize permanent liver damage, and help regenerate damaged or near-dead cells Ayurvedic herbal medicines therefore form a comprehensive treatment therapy for liver cirrhosis. The other symptoms resulting from liver cirrhosis such as ascites, esophageal varices, congestive cardiac failure and metabolic disorders start improving automatically when the obstruction in the liver is treated and removed. However, Ayurvedic medicines can treat these symptoms independently too, if these are observed to be severe in the affected individual and require urgent medical care. Improved functioning of the liver also helps to improve the overall metabolism and nutrition of the body and metabolize toxic substances within the body. Prompt and aggressive Ayurvedic treatment therefore helps comprehensively treat liver cirrhosis and significantly reduce morbidity and mortality resulting from this disease. Cirrhosis can also adversely affect the central nervous system and cause psychotic symptoms and permanent nerve damage. Prompt treatment with Ayurvedic herbal medicines also helps to preserve the brain function and treat the associated symptoms. If required, brain damage can be treated separately with herbal medicines which strengthen the nervous system and help rejuvenate nerve cells. Medicines which act on the nervous system also help improve confidence and self-control and are therefore equally useful in helping the affected individual abstain completely from alcohol, which is a known and predominant cause of cirrhosis. Depending upon the severity of the condition, most individuals affected with cirrhosis require regular and aggressive Ayurvedic herbal treatment for periods ranging from six to eighteen months, in order to obtain significant benefit and a possible complete cure from the condition. Ayurvedic treatment thus has a definite role to play in the management and treatment of cirrhosis.
3 people found this helpful

Choline Deficiency - Signs You Are Suffering From It + Sources Of Choline!!

Dr. M.P.S Saluja 91% (263 ratings)
MD - Microbiology, House Job Certificate ( SKIN & STD) , MBBS
General Physician, Gurgaon
Choline Deficiency - Signs You Are Suffering From It + Sources Of Choline!!
The human body s ability to manage the fats consumed and the way the liver functions to handle this in the overall metabolism setting are dependent on choline. Choline, which is present mostly in the form of Vitamin B12, is available in plenty in most of the foods consumed by people regularly. The issue arises when the body system fails to absorb choline nutrient from the food consumed. There are also cases where the dietary intake does not possess adequate choline in it. Natural Difficulty in Absorbing Choline There are certain conditions in which the system finds it difficult to absorb choline though the diet may contain the nutrient. People who have just undergone a by-pass surgery or those who have had a kidney transplant done or if there is already a liver problem like cirrhosis face this issue. There are other reasons also which can lead to choline deficiency, such as the prolonged intake of anti-convulsant drugs and so on. How to Detect or What are the Symptoms? Some apparent symptoms can lead the GP to ask for more tests to establish that the person does have choline deficiency. In normal person, even high blood pressure could be caused due to choline deficiency. Then in many cases, a blood test for any other condition might reveal very low levels of VLDL (Very Low-Density Lipoprotein). This substance in the blood is used by the liver to transport fats and naturally, if VLDL is below a certain threshold the person is bound to be suffering from choline deficiency. High level of cholesterol is another symptom. It has to be understood that choline is also essential for the human brain to be functioning at its active best. Deficiency of choline can lead to an early setting in of dementia. Of course, any patient with liver and kidney related condition reaching the doctor will be checked for choline deficiency since these are closely related. Where to Get Choline from? The next obvious question is which foods can get you choline easily and you won t suffer from a deficiency. As mentioned there are plenty of food items of daily consumption which have choline in them. The most frequently recommended are the yolk of the egg. Pastured eggs are recommended and though even one egg can give some 115mgms of choline, you can make a couple of eggs a part of your daily breakfast menu. The other suggestion is raw liver as in beef liver which is quite rich in choline. Those who consume only vegetarian foods can always eat a lot of green vegetables like cauliflower, cabbage and also nuts and legumes (soaked) and milk and yoghurt are all good for choline intake. Choline is an essential nutrient in the human body and is critical to the growth and development of cognitive functions and its deficiency can lead to many serious conditions, including liver impairment and brain disorders. There are plenty of foods rich in choline and should be consumed regularly.
5921 people found this helpful

How Ayurveda Can Help Treat Cirrhosis Of The Liver?

Dr. Mayur Surana 90% (524 ratings)
MD, DYA, PGDCR
Ayurveda, Nashik
How Ayurveda Can Help Treat Cirrhosis Of The Liver?
Nobody prefers to suffer from ailments such as Cirrhosis of liver. After all, it is difficult for a person, if his or her liver is not functioning properly. However, if in case a person is suffering from such kind of chronic ailment, then one can opt for Ayurvedic remedies, which do not have any side effects. Why it occurs? In order to know how it is treated, it is essential to understand what causes cirrhosis of the liver and what it means to have this dreaded condition. While there is a range of causes for the chronic disease, fatty liver disease along with hepatitis B and hepatitis C are the most common causes of Cirrhosis of the liver. Alcohol consumption on an excessive level also bears its fair share of responsibility. As a matter of fact, Cirrhosis of the liver is caused on account of this sort of alcohol consumption and is responsible for more deaths than any other type. Detoxifying your liver with Ayurveda When it comes to the Ayurvedic way to treat this serious issue that is liver Cirrhosis, the main focus is on the complete and effective detoxification of the liver. One of the first things that is involved in this sort of treatment is a radical overhaul of the habits of the person whose quality of life is being seriously impinged on due to this disease. De-addiction is a very important starting point. After all, it can be said to be only logical, that the treatment of a disease, which has been brought upon by the indulgence in a bad habit begins with the cessation of the habit. Diet restrictions are also part and parcel of getting liver cirrhosis treated by making use of Ayurveda s deep and ancient body of knowledge. In many cases, doing so does mean giving up consumption of meat. In addition to this, other things, which are to be done from the point of view of dietary changes include, but are not limited to, avoiding hot and oily food which tends to be heavy on the digestive system of the person who is undergoing treatment. With the body under so much pressure in any case, it makes no sense at all to add more load. While all this may seem to be very cumbersome, it is to be kept in mind what wonders Ayurveda can accomplish and how does it work in repairing the damaged liver of the patient who is undergoing this course of treatment. The end result makes all the sacrifices worth the effort.
6219 people found this helpful

Gallstones In Women - Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Dr. Bharat Kumar Nara 86% (70 ratings)
MBBS, M.S (Gen Surg), M.Ch ( Surgical Gastro)
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
Gallstones In Women - Symptoms, Causes And Treatment
Gallstones are bits of solid material that may be formed in the gall bladder. The gallbladder is a little organ located under the liver. You won't not know you have them until they've block your bile duct, causing pain that will need immediate medical intervention, and even hospitalisation in some cases.They may comprise of cholesterol, salt, or bilirubin, which consists of red platelets. Gallstones vary in size. They can be as little as a grain of sand or as even the size of an apricot in many cases. Women are more likely to develop gallstones than men. Read on to know more: Causes: There are a number of causes for this condition, especially in women. These causes are as follows: Intake of anti-conception medication pills, hormone trade treatment for menopause side effects, or pregnancy Fasting Malfunctioning of the gall bladder High cholesterol levels Gallstones may be created when there is excessive amount of cholesterol in the bile discharged by the liver. This bile normally separates the cholesterol and helps in the normal functioning of the liver and other digestive organs of the body. Bilirubin: Bilirubin is a substance created when your liver wrecks old RedBlood Cells. A few conditions, like cirrhosis of the liver and certain blood issues causes the liver to create more bilirubin than it ought to. This can lead to complicated conditions like gallstones. Bile: Your gallbladder needs to exhaust bile to be sound. In the event that it discharges its bile content, the bile turns out to be excessively thick which causes stones to shape. Weight: Being overweight or underweight can also cause a malfunction which can lead to the appearance of such stones. The diet also has a bearing in such cases. Symptoms: Fever A yellowish tint in your skin or eyes, which can demonstrate jaundice Sickness or retching Clay coloured stools Pain in the right upper quadrant of your stomach area Nausea Vomiting Other digestive issues Treatment: Numerous individuals with gallstones may be asked to go through surgery to remove the gallbladder. These include the following: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: The specialist passes instruments, a light, and a camera through a few little cuts in the midsection. Open cholecystectomy: The specialist makes bigger cuts in the belly to expel the gallbladder. You may have to spend a couple days in the hospital after the operation. Without getting operated: If you have a mild condition and your specialist feels you shouldn't have an operation, he may recommend medicines like chenodiol, ursodiol, or both. These medications work by dissolving cholesterol stones. One may experience mild loose motions as a side effect.
2339 people found this helpful

Stomach Problems - Causes Behind It!

Dr. Santosh Kumar Soni 91% (660 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Durg
Stomach Problems - Causes Behind It!
Stomach problems are one of the most common issues you face. Irrespective of what your age is, it is highly likely that you have an upset stomach once in while. A stomach upset has a distinguishable characteristic - that stomach linings as well as the small and large intestines tend to swell. This is called inflammation. The following are the most common causes of an upset stomach. 1. Viruses Viruses are the most common causes of an upset stomach. It is highly likely that your stomach upset is because of a virus since there are so many types of them. 2. Parasites or bacteria like Salmonella and Escherichia coli This is also a very common cause of stomach upset. Salmonella infections are usually caused by eating raw eggs, meat and meat products whereas Escherichia coli infections come from raw vegetables as well as milk and dairy products. 3. Allergic reactions These happen very specifically to people who have a reaction to a certain type of food. 4. Excess alcohol Most people think that alcohol will only make you pass out or get liver cirrhosis. Many people do not know that alcohol can actually adversely affect your stomach as well. 5. Excess caffeine Caffeine is also dangerous to your stomach as taking too much of it can cause a stomach upset. 6. Fatty foods Fatty foods such as cheese, dark chocolates, whole eggs, fatty fish, etc. are dangerous because they are harder to digest than many other types of food. This means that eating even a small amount of fatty foods are enough to cause a stomach upset sometimes. 7. Eating too much This is also a major cause of stomach upset simply because your stomach can only digest a certain amount of food. You must also be able to distinguish when you have a stomach infection and when you have Chron's disease as it is basically a chronic stomach upset. Chron's disease causes the whole digestive tract to be inflamed.
7186 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Is there any permanent treatment for liver cirrhosis. My friend has been taking allopathic treatment since 9 years. We heard from doctor that, they can only control further damage but can't be cured permanently. I wanted to know if we have any permanent treatment in homeopathy or Ayurveda.

Dr. Ambadi Kumar 89% (650 ratings)
MD, Fellowship in Intergrative Medicine, MBBS
Integrated Medicine Specialist, Kochi
Hi Liver cirrhosis can be due to several causes and the treatment depends on the etiology. Treating the root cause and preventing triggers which can cause complications is very important. There are alternative therapies available only in Functional medicine whereas in modern medicine they just put a band aid .But to know what stage your cirrhosis your friend has detailed lab results as well as dietary and medication history is needed. Avoid all dairy products Avoid animal protein eat plant based foods only. Because the treatment differs from person to person depending on the age, the cause, the severity of the disease any coexisting other medical conditions etc. Start taking specific supplements which can only be discussed with a consult.
5 people found this helpful

I am suffering from liver cirrhosis since last 3 months. I also have type 2 diabetes which is most of the time on a very high side. Kindly advise

Dr. Rajesh Jain 93% (12286 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Jalgaon
Please Wake up early go for morning walk in greenery daily Do yogasanas and pranayam daily Avoid oily spicy and fast food, non veg food, white sugars, rice, fish Take salads, vegetable juices, soups regularly For diabetes, start insulin with Consult with nearby physician As antidiabetcs medicine will spoil liver cirrhosis more. For liver. Take Tab livapt or Livrite 90 1 for 3 mths Kumariasav 15 ml twice a day for 6 mths Do sonography of abdomen after 3 mths Send me report on Lybrate.

I have Liver cirrhosis, portal vein hypertension, lost of appetite, gastric problem. What should i do?

Dr. Udit Prajapati 92% (721 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bhopal
hello case of liver cirrhosis there is a symptom of ascitis cause portal hypertension tension,gases problem and indigation first you need to investigate all ur examination avoid oily spicy heavy food drink Arjun kwath,gou ark empty stomach consult for further...
3 people found this helpful
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