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Overview

Hepatitis B - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

HBV or hepatitis B virus causes liver inflammation which is known as Hepatitis B. HBV is just one of the five kinds of viral hepatitis. The other types of hepatitis are E, D, C and A. The HBV infection might be chronic or acute in nature. If the hepatitis B infection is chronic, the symptoms would show up quicker in adults. Children manifest acute hepatitis B symptoms rarely. The chances of any HBV infection in children are far likelier to be chronic. Chronic hepatitis B has a slow development period. Symptoms might not get noticed till the time any complications arise. Hepatitis B can be highly contagious in nature. It can spread via contact with saliva, infected blood and different body fluids. Symptoms might not show up for a few days post virus exposure. However even without any symptoms, the infection can progress.

Possible ways of transmission are:

  • An infected mother transmitting it to the baby at the time of birth.
  • A needle prick injury
  • Close proximity with someone having HBV
  • Engaging in oral, anal and vaginal sex
  • The use of an infected razor or toothbrush

HBV infection has a greater risk of developing if:

  • Men having sex with men
  • People having multiple sexual partners
  • Individuals above 60 years of age and having diabetes
  • People having kidney disease
  • Individuals having chronic liver disease
  • Individuals who have travelled to countries having higher incidence of the infection

Requested or routine screening tests can usually help doctors in diagnosing HBV. A patients might require screening for HBV if:

  • They come in close proximity with someone having hepatitis B
  • They have recently visited a country with high Hepatitis B rates
  • They have been to prison
  • They indulge in drug usage
  • They have kidney dialysis performed on them
  • They are pregnant
  • They are men having sex with other men
  • They have an HIV infection
  • The doctor may perform a few blood tests for screening hepatitis B

Treatment:

Consult your doctor immediately if you have symptoms of hepatitis B. Infection can be prevented by administering a HBV immune globin injection. This antibody solution works against HBV. Acute hepatitis B doesn’t usually require treatment. Most people can overcome acute infections by themselves. Bed rest however helps in a quicker recovery. Antiviral medicines help treating chronic hepatitis B. They help in fighting the virus better. They also might lower the risks of any liver complications in the future.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread by sexual or direct blood contact
Symptoms
Yellowing of the eyes Abdominal pain and dark urine.

Popular Health Tips

9 Amazing Ayurvedic Herbs For Treating Hepatitis B!

Dr. Charu Agarwal 91% (180 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Faridabad
9 Amazing Ayurvedic Herbs For Treating Hepatitis B!
Hepatitis B is a viral infection, resulting in the inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis B is considered to be acute when it lasts up to six months and is tagged as chronic when the timeline exceeds six months. Some of the common symptoms of this disease are dark urine, queasiness, stomach ache, weakness and joint ache. Ayurveda is known to be an effective agent in treating Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is diagnosed by presence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and IgM antibody to Hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc IgM) which develop in the serum in the early stages of infection at the time symptoms appear. Antibody to HBsAg (anti-HBs) develops after active infection and serves as an indicator of immunity. Anti-HBs + - individual has been vaccinated, has received immune globulin, is immune, or is an infant who has received antibodies from his/her mother. Anti-HBc + - indicates past or present infection and lasts indefinitely. May be detected in an infant who has received antibodies from its mother. IgM anti-HBc + - indicates recent infection with HBV, usually within 4-6 months. HBeAg + - indicates active viral replication and high infectivity. HBsAg + HBV - acute or chronic HBV; persistence for 6 months after acute infection indicates progression to chronic HBV. Treatment for Hepatitis B While there is no approved treatment for acute hepatitis B, few herbs which works as anti viral to HBV DNA and few as antioxident and heaptocytes protector from antigen now give the name of herbs you have given Infected individuals should practice safe sex. Avoiding contact with infected blood or other body fluids directly or on objects such as needles, razors, toothbrushes, etc., may reduce the risk of transmission. Sores and rashes should be covered with bandages and blood on any surface should be cleaned up with household bleach. Listed below are some of the natural herbs that help in fighting Hepatitis B: Katuki: The scientific name of the herb is picrorhiza kurroa. Studies have shown that katuki increases gall bladder shrinkage. It helps in digestion by curing liver ailments. It can be consumed every alternate day to fetch fast recovery. Kalmegh: This Indian herb is better known as andrographis paniculata in the scientific community. It helps in raising the level of serum and the globulin component of protein. Poerhavin diffusa: This is part of the actual plant and is better by the name of Punarnava. It addresses blandness and dyspepsia. Tamarix gallica: Owing to its sugary taste, this herb is easily accepted by children. They have a cleansing effect on the intestine and assist in smooth blood flow of a patient suffering from hepatitis B. Terminalia chebula: This is also known as Haritaki in the Indian subcontinent and helps in decreasing the level of liver spleen. This herb should be consumed with honey on alternate days. Eclipta Alba: This herb is more commonly known as bhringraj. It helps in reviving the liver cells and clears toxins from the body. This herb has a certain rejuvenating effect on patients suffering from hepatitis B. Chicory: This is considered to be a miraculous drug, owing to its ability of revitalising the liver and kidney. It cleanses the blood and speeds up the recovery of hepatitis B. Solanum indicum: This herb has the ability to counter alkaline phosphate that damages the liver. They also have the capability to renovate the liver cells in a very quick time. Capparis spinosa: This herb has the ability to address viral hepatitis. Apart from addressing liver problems, they are also known to be extremely effective in countering anxiety and itching. It suits elderly persons. They can be consumed 2 3 times a week in the form of an extract. Echinacea purpurea: This herb is more commonly known as the echinacia. They have the unique ability of eradicating liver ailments in a short span of time. Apart from being a favourable liver agent, echinacia can bring down swelling of the liver and also safeguard a person from getting the flu. This can be consumed as extract or mixed with fruit juice.

Hepatitis B & C - How Ayurveda Can Treat It?

Dr. L. Radhakrishna Murthy 84% (341 ratings)
MD - Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Hyderabad
Hepatitis B & C - How Ayurveda Can Treat It?
Hepatitis B and C are both viral infections of the liver caused by Hepatitis B (HBV) and Hepatitis C (HCV) virus respectively. Though the viral infections mostly affect children, adults are equally susceptible, if not more. The condition, if left untreated can have serious consequences on the liver (liver damage, scarring, liver cirrhosis and even cancer). The symptoms for hepatitis B and C are almost similar and include: Abdominal or belly pain. Jaundice is one of the common and most important symptoms or medical condition associated with hepatitis B and C. The infection often interferes with the ability of the liver to filter out the bile pigment, bilirubin (the breakdown product of hemoglobin). Extreme tiredness and exhaustion. Nausea, loss of appetite. There may be a fever and vomiting in case of hepatitis B. In both hepatitis B and C, the infection causing virus can spread through Unprotected sex. From the affected person (through their blood, body fluids or open sores). Use of infected needles and syringes. In the case of hepatitis C, the virus can also spread from the pregnant women to her child. Though conventional medications and treatments are available, many people go for the Ayurvedic treatments instead. Ayurveda adopts a holistic approach in treating the ailment or disease. The treatment is 100% natural and thus, have negligible or no side effects at all. The Ayurvedic treatment may be time-consuming, but it treats the condition from the base (it works towards identifying and eliminating the very underlying factor responsible for the ailment). The approach is similar in the case of hepatitis B and C. In addition to treating hepatitis, the medications also bring about a remarkable improvement in the associated symptoms (like jaundice, fatigue and nausea). Some of the Ayurvedic medicines used to treat hepatitis B include Bhumi Amla (Phyllanthus Niruri): Bhumi Amla can be used to treat Hepatitis B and the associated symptoms successfully. The medicine lowers the bilirubin level in the blood, thus providing relief from jaundice (one of the characteristic symptoms of Hepatitis B and C). It is also an effective medicine to deal with liver failure or liver problems. Echinacea (Andrographis): The medicine has anti microbial properties and, thus, checks and prevents the growth of the HBV (Hepatitis B Virus). It also enhances the overall functioning of a person's immune system (immune booster). Arjuna (Terminalia Arjuna): People with Hepatitis B can benefit immensely from this medicine. Like Echinacea, Arjuna is also known to be an immune booster. Kaasni: The medicine is used to treat hepatitis B and liver problems. Kaasni is also an excellent blood purifier. The ayurvedic medicine for Hepatitis C include Kalmegh (Andrographis Paniculata): The medicine comes as a relief for people with hepatitis C and liver problems. The anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties of Kalmegh further enhances its effectiveness. Guduchi (AMBROSIA), Haritaki (TERMINALIA CHELUBA), CURCUMA LONGA are few other Ayurvedic medicines that are equally effective in treating Hepatitis C. There are wonderful medicines in Ayurveda for improving immunity and liver function. All the Dipana pachana drugs stimulate liver. Medicines like Arogya vardhini and Puta pakwa vishama jwaranthak loha tabs significantly improve liver function. Single drugs like bhringaraj katuki punarnava are also beneficial.
2 people found this helpful

What Is Dyspepsia? 5 Ways To Relieve It!

Dr. Sanjay Jain 86% (21 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, Member of The Royal College of Physicians, UK (MRCP UK)
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
What Is Dyspepsia? 5 Ways To Relieve It!
Certain conditions turn fatal due to sheer negligence. Being aware of the symptoms and reaching out for medical help is paramount to avoid complications. One such disease is Hepatitis B that is caused by the Hepatitis B virus. This virus directly affects the liver which might result in both chronic and acute infections. Severe cases of Hepatitis B might lead to the death of the infected person. You must understand that this is a highly contagious disease that is transmitted from an infected person to another person through blood or other body fluids and hence care needs to be exercised. Read on further to recognize the symptoms if infected and avail medical help. Causes and Symptoms It becomes extremely important to identify the causes which make it easier to be prevented. The disease is caused by the Hepatitis B virus, and it spreads through contact with blood and other body fluids of an infected individual. The disease can be transmitted by having sex with an infected person without any protection or by sharing the needles. Getting a tattoo on the body with tools that are not sterilized properly can also cause hepatitis B. Also, sharing the personal items like razor or toothbrush of an infected individual can cause the disease. Furthermore, the virus can be passed from a mother to her baby during the time of delivery. The symptoms of the disease are sometimes extremely difficult to identify since it may seem to be the symptoms of common flu. Feeling extremely tired, having a mild fever, headache, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and pain in the stomach are some of the common symptoms of Hepatitis B. Also, with the infection, the stools are tan colored, and the urine color gets darker. The eyes and the skin appear to be yellowish in color. Diagnosis and Treatment The simplest way of diagnosis of the presence of the virus is done by a blood test. The symptoms give a warning about the presence of the virus, and the blood test confirms whether the virus is present in the body or was previously there. In some of the cases, a small sample of the liver is taken for the confirmation of the presence of the hepatitis B virus using the procedure known as a liver biopsy. In most of the cases, the virus goes away on its own. It is recommended to take adequate rest, eat healthy foods, drink a lot of water and avoid consumption of alcohol for proper recovery. Some medications are also used in the treatment of hepatitis B, but one needs to extremely careful about the medicines because some medicines can make the condition worse. The best way of prevention of the disease is the appropriate vaccination which is widely used in this case. Also, when you experience the common symptoms of the disease, do not delay in seeking professional help.
2850 people found this helpful

Hepatitis B Eradication

Dr. Virender Kumar Bhatia 90% (463 ratings)
M.B., B.S. FCGP., FIAMS
General Physician, Panipat
Hepatitis B Eradication
Like polio, many countries have eradicated Hepatitis B by giving Primary hepatitis b vaccine (three doses at 0, 1, 6 months) and One booster dose every 5th year to every 1. Pregnant lady 2. New born 3. Young middle and old aged person throughout life. Who has planned to eliminate hepatitis b in developing countries by 2030 As a new year resolution your family too can contribute to this great cause by getting vaccinated one and all.

Hepatitis C: This Virus Is More Dangerous Than Hepatitis B!

Dr. Sanjay Jain 86% (21 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, Member of the Royal College of Physicians, UK (MRCP UK)
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Hepatitis C: This Virus Is More Dangerous Than Hepatitis B!
Hepatitis C is a Viral Infection That is Little Talked About, But Can Be As Dangerous As Hepatitis B Most people have head or what became in the 1980s and '90s the dreaded AIDS virus. With time and the availability of medicines, it ceased to be a killer. However, the knowledge of it helped stem its spread. Most people, unfortunately, don't realize that hepatitis C is also a killer, simply because not much has been said about it. In fact, it is also a virus, but is 10 times more infectious than HIV. Hepatitis C is transmitted through the blood, and is usually passed on to women through infected needles and sex. At-home glucometers are often shared, or sometimes a woman's own lifestyle or her partner's lifestyle before marriage may put her at risk, because the virus can stay in the blood for years. It is also transmitted through blood products, like in the case of a transfusion, though in the case of pregnant women, this is not so common. The dangers The virus affects 1 in every 100 people in India, while globally 180 million are infected with it. Sometimes, it may just pass through the body, like many other viruses do, but sometimes, it can remain. If detected quickly, within six months or so, cure rates are high. the problem is that it is often not easy to detect, as symptoms resemble those of a regular seasonal viral infection: fatigue, nausea, loss of appetite. If it remains in the body, becoming chronic, then it may progress to liver disease. But the hepatitis C virus (HCV) doesn't have to be a killer. You can conquer it with these moves. What you should do before A number of couples who come to me have planned pregnancies-they opt for a baby, rather than the baby just 'happening' to them. This not only helps family planning, but it also helps us rule out infections or treat them if present. Usually, in the first trimester, your gynecologist will ask you to do a simple blood test for HIV, hepatitis B and C. In the case of a planned pregnancy, visit your doctor beforehand and ask if you need to take these tests before you conceive. However, there is no vaccine for HCV yet. What you should do after If a woman find out in the first trimester that she is hepatitis C positive, there's nothing much that can be done, as anti-viral medications cause birth defects, so a mother can only be put on them after delivery. She is advised to continue the pregnancy. A baby's chance of acquiring the infection in utero is between 5 and 7%. While this is not high, parents may like to avoid the risk. However, co-infection with HIV (if the mother is HIV positive) pushes the risk up to 19.4%. The pregnancy itself will not be hampered by the HCV infection. Nor does the risk of transmission to the child have anything to do with the mode of delivery-either vaginal or C-section. In India, there is little data on HCV transmission from mother to child. However, once the baby is born, the pediatrician may not do an immediate test to check for the virus, as it generally clears out from the baby's system in a year or so. Testing may only be done at 18 months.
2789 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I'm 24 years old female had severe pain near the sacroiliac joint, I went to orthopedician he suspected SI TB, hence undergone mantoux which was positive, hrct showed nodules and recently I had black stools went to gastro. H.pylori positive. Taking treatment sompraz HP. What am I suffering from? Could it be intestinal TB? Please help me with the diagnosis.

Dr. Mool Chand Gupta 92% (33895 ratings)
MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
You are having h pylori infection. For which you are on treatment. Mention HRCT of which area. Mantoux test only will not diagnose TB as it can b epositive in latent TB infection. Mat need CECT upper abdomen for TB diagnosis. As you had black stool, get stool test for blood, specialist occult blood.

Can any doctor tell me about the prevalence of hepatitis c in India and is it easy to get if I accidentally pricked my finger 2-3 times with allpin used in government hospitals for tying case papers.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 88% (23087 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Experts guess that the prevalence of chronic HCV infection in India is somewhere around one per cent. The disease is mostly prevalent in Punjab, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram. Unless the pin contained infected blood you have no chance to get

Sir I am hbsag positive and my sgpt, sgot is normal I'm taking lamivir about 4 years. Is this ok. please suggest me.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (6881 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
No it is not and it will never cure it.. Better take Homoeopathic treatment... As it can cure it...

Hi, I am 30 years of age. Doctor diagnosed hepatitis B infection while having blood test. My HBV quantitative was 64,00,000 IU/ml. Doctor suggested entecavir for two months and then HBV Quantitative go down upto 17,420 IU/ML. Previously My Anti HCV test was negative now undergoing further test my Anti HCV became positive. My ALT level is 52 (normal range is 50) My platelets is 96,000 Alkaline phosphate is 133 (Normal range- upto 120) AFP- 7.5 (Normal range is 10) CRP-6 (Normal range is 5) HBEAG- positive HBEAB- Positive.

Dr. Himani Negi 92% (18407 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Chennai
Homeopathy is known to work to the immunological level, and has proven its efficacy in the treatment of a wide range of viral infections. With homeopathic medicines, the cases of Hepatitis B are better controlled, the process of cirrhosis is well kept under check and symptomatic relief is also obtained very well. Homeopathic treatment can also help in delaying the complications of Hepatitis B (such as cirrhosis and liver cancer) as far as possible. It may also be noted that the treatment for chronic Hepatitis B has to be planned for a longer duration of time. The best part of homeopathic treatment is that the disease is kept under control and general health improved without any kind of side-effects whatsoever A homoeopathic constitutional treatment will give you best results naturally You can easily take an online consultation for further treatment guidance and permanent cure without any side effects Medicines will reach you via courier services.

Health Quizzes

Hepatitis A, B & C - How Each Can Be Treated?

Dr. Paresh J Thakkar 87% (15 ratings)
BAMS
Ayurveda, Ahmedabad
Hepatitis A, B, and C are a group of distinct diseases which affect the liver. These are one of the most common types of hepatitis, and many people don t even know that they are suffering from hepatitis. Treatment regimen depends upon the type of hepatitis that the patient is suffering from. Some forms of hepatitis can be prevented through vaccination and lifestyle precautions. Take the following quiz to know more about hepatitis A, B, and C.
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