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Hepatitis B - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

HBV or hepatitis B virus causes liver inflammation which is known as Hepatitis B. HBV is just one of the five kinds of viral hepatitis. The other types of hepatitis are E, D, C and A. The HBV infection might be chronic or acute in nature. If the hepatitis B infection is chronic, the symptoms would show up quicker in adults. Children manifest acute hepatitis B symptoms rarely. The chances of any HBV infection in children are far likelier to be chronic. Chronic hepatitis B has a slow development period. Symptoms might not get noticed till the time any complications arise. Hepatitis B can be highly contagious in nature. It can spread via contact with saliva, infected blood and different body fluids. Symptoms might not show up for a few days post virus exposure. However even without any symptoms, the infection can progress.

Possible ways of transmission are:

  • An infected mother transmitting it to the baby at the time of birth.
  • A needle prick injury
  • Close proximity with someone having HBV
  • Engaging in oral, anal and vaginal sex
  • The use of an infected razor or toothbrush

HBV infection has a greater risk of developing if:

  • Men having sex with men
  • People having multiple sexual partners
  • Individuals above 60 years of age and having diabetes
  • People having kidney disease
  • Individuals having chronic liver disease
  • Individuals who have travelled to countries having higher incidence of the infection

Requested or routine screening tests can usually help doctors in diagnosing HBV. A patients might require screening for HBV if:

  • They come in close proximity with someone having hepatitis B
  • They have recently visited a country with high Hepatitis B rates
  • They have been to prison
  • They indulge in drug usage
  • They have kidney dialysis performed on them
  • They are pregnant
  • They are men having sex with other men
  • They have an HIV infection
  • The doctor may perform a few blood tests for screening hepatitis B


Consult your doctor immediately if you have symptoms of hepatitis B. Infection can be prevented by administering a HBV immune globin injection. This antibody solution works against HBV. Acute hepatitis B doesn’t usually require treatment. Most people can overcome acute infections by themselves. Bed rest however helps in a quicker recovery. Antiviral medicines help treating chronic hepatitis B. They help in fighting the virus better. They also might lower the risks of any liver complications in the future.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread by sexual or direct blood contact
Yellowing of the eyes Abdominal pain and dark urine.

Popular Health Tips

Hepatitis C: This Virus Is More Dangerous Than Hepatitis B!

Dr. Sanjay Jain 91% (19 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, Member of the Royal College of Physicians, UK (MRCP UK)
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Hepatitis C: This Virus Is More Dangerous Than Hepatitis B!
Hepatitis C is a Viral Infection That is Little Talked About, But Can Be As Dangerous As Hepatitis B Most people have head or what became in the 1980s and '90s the dreaded AIDS virus. With time and the availability of medicines, it ceased to be a killer. However, the knowledge of it helped stem its spread. Most people, unfortunately, don't realize that hepatitis C is also a killer, simply because not much has been said about it. In fact, it is also a virus, but is 10 times more infectious than HIV. Hepatitis C is transmitted through the blood, and is usually passed on to women through infected needles and sex. At-home glucometers are often shared, or sometimes a woman's own lifestyle or her partner's lifestyle before marriage may put her at risk, because the virus can stay in the blood for years. It is also transmitted through blood products, like in the case of a transfusion, though in the case of pregnant women, this is not so common. The dangers The virus affects 1 in every 100 people in India, while globally 180 million are infected with it. Sometimes, it may just pass through the body, like many other viruses do, but sometimes, it can remain. If detected quickly, within six months or so, cure rates are high. the problem is that it is often not easy to detect, as symptoms resemble those of a regular seasonal viral infection: fatigue, nausea, loss of appetite. If it remains in the body, becoming chronic, then it may progress to liver disease. But the hepatitis C virus (HCV) doesn't have to be a killer. You can conquer it with these moves. What you should do before A number of couples who come to me have planned pregnancies-they opt for a baby, rather than the baby just 'happening' to them. This not only helps family planning, but it also helps us rule out infections or treat them if present. Usually, in the first trimester, your gynecologist will ask you to do a simple blood test for HIV, hepatitis B and C. In the case of a planned pregnancy, visit your doctor beforehand and ask if you need to take these tests before you conceive. However, there is no vaccine for HCV yet. What you should do after If a woman find out in the first trimester that she is hepatitis C positive, there's nothing much that can be done, as anti-viral medications cause birth defects, so a mother can only be put on them after delivery. She is advised to continue the pregnancy. A baby's chance of acquiring the infection in utero is between 5 and 7%. While this is not high, parents may like to avoid the risk. However, co-infection with HIV (if the mother is HIV positive) pushes the risk up to 19.4%. The pregnancy itself will not be hampered by the HCV infection. Nor does the risk of transmission to the child have anything to do with the mode of delivery-either vaginal or C-section. In India, there is little data on HCV transmission from mother to child. However, once the baby is born, the pediatrician may not do an immediate test to check for the virus, as it generally clears out from the baby's system in a year or so. Testing may only be done at 18 months.

Types And Causes of Hepatitis

Dr. Vijay Rai 91% (18 ratings)
Gastroenterologist, Kolkata
Types And Causes of Hepatitis
Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver, which may often progress to dangerous complications. There are many types of Hepatitis and each has its own particular set of causes, symptoms, mode of contraction and treatment procedures. Here are the main types of Hepatitis as well as some of the factors which may cause Hepatitis: Types Hepatitis A: Hepatitis A virus infection causes this condition. The Hepatitis A virus comes from food or water contaminated with the feces of someone contaminated with Hepatitis A. This is not a chronic form of Hepatitis. Hepatitis B: This is a chronic form of Hepatitis. It is spread through body fluid, such as blood, saliva and semen. The possible causes of Hepatitis B include use of drugs through injections, having sex with an infected partner and sharing razors or other intimate articles with someone who is infected. Hepatitis C: This is also a chronic form of Hepatitis.The most common causes of Hepatitis C are injection drug use or having sex. Hepatitis D: This is a not a chronic form of Hepatitis and is also very uncommon. It is usually contracted along with Hepatitis B. It is usually caused due to puncture wounds or contact with infected blood. Hepatitis E: This is the most uncommon form of Hepatitis. It is due to poor sanitation and ingesting fecal matter. It is usually found in developing countries. Causes Virus: This is the usual way of contracting Hepatitis. The virus attacks the liver and causes inflammation leading to the breakdown of a number of body systems. Alcohol and other toxins: Alcohol and certain prescribed medications cause the liver to swell and that is why this form of Hepatitis is known as alcoholic Hepatitis. Autoimmune disease: This is the rarest cause of Hepatitis. The immune system malfunctions and begins destroying its own tissues. It attacks the liver because it perceives the liver to be a foreign object.
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How Can Hepatitis B and C Be Treated Through Internal Medicine?

Dr. Hardik Thakker 86% (417 ratings)
MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
How Can Hepatitis B and C Be Treated Through Internal Medicine?
Hepatitis B and C are considered the world s chronic viral hepatitis which kills a huge number of people every year. Even though it accounts for massive suffering as well as early death, it could only attract relatively less national and international attention. While the deaths caused by tuberculosis, malaria and HIV/AIDS have reduced to a great extent since the early 2000s, deaths stemming from hepatitis B and C are rising at a fast pace. It kills around 1 million people across the world. Can medicine help in the treatment of hepatitis B and C? There are numerous FDA approved medications available for the treatment of Hepatitis B and C. Here are some of the best medicines for this, but before you take them, you must consult an expert who can evaluate your symptoms and recommend the right drugs for you. Medicines for Hepatitis B: Entecavir: It is used in chronic hepatitis B virus infection and can treat active viral replication. Lamivudine: It is used for treating chronic hepatitis B which is associated with Hepatitis B viral replication along with active liver inflammation. Adefovir dipivoxil: This is used for the treatment of the disease in children below the age 12 years. Interferon alpha 2B: It can be used for young children aged 1 year who are affected by the disease along with compensated liver disease. Pegylated interferon: It is used for the treatment of adult patients with HBeAg positive and negative chronic hepatitis. If the patient has compensated liver disease along with liver inflammation and evidence of viral replication, then this medicine is usually given. Telbivudine: When there is chronic hepatitis with adult patients along with persistent elevations in ALT and AST or previously active disease, this medicine may have to be administered. Tenofovir alafenamide: It is indicated for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus infection in adults with compensated liver disease. Medicines for Hepatitis C: Ribavirin: This medicine can be used in combination with other medicines for chronic hepatitis C virus infection. Ribavirin can be utilized for compensated liver disease in patients who have not been treated with interferon alpha. Daclatasvir: This is an NS5A replication complex inhibitor which is often given with sofosbuvir for the treatment of patients with chronic HCV genotype 3 infection. Sofosbuvir and Velpatasvir: The combination of these two medicines is used for the treatment of adult patients with chronic genotype 1 to 6 without any infection. It may be used in combination with ribavirin in patients with compensated or decompensated cirrhosis. Ledipasvir: A fixed-dose of a combination of hepatitis C virus inhibitor and Ledipasvir can be employed in the treatment of hepatitis genotype 1 infection in adults. Both in the cases of Hepatitis B and C, it is important to diagnose the infection early. Prevention and cure are possible with precautionary measures and prescribed medications.
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Hepatitis B & C - Can Ayurveda Help You In Treating It?

Dr. Vp Trivedi 87% (386 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lucknow
Hepatitis B & C - Can Ayurveda Help You In Treating It?
Hepatitis B and C are both viral infections of the liver caused by Hepatitis B (HBV) and Hepatitis C (HCV) virus respectively. Though the viral infections mostly affect children, adults are equally susceptible, if not more. The condition, if left untreated can have serious consequences on the liver (liver damage, scarring, liver cirrhosis and even cancer). The symptoms for hepatitis B and C are almost similar and include: Abdominal or belly pain. Jaundice is one of the common and most important symptoms or medical condition associated with hepatitis B and C. The infection often interferes with the ability of the liver to filter out the bile pigment, bilirubin (the breakdown product of hemoglobin). Extreme tiredness and exhaustion. Nausea, loss of appetite. There may be a fever and vomiting in case of hepatitis B. In both hepatitis B and C, the infection causing virus can spread through Unprotected sex. From the affected person (through their blood, body fluids or open sores). Use of infected needles and syringes. In the case of hepatitis C, the virus can also spread from the pregnant women to her child. Though conventional medications and treatments are available, many people go for the Ayurvedic treatments instead. Ayurveda adopts a holistic approach in treating the ailment or disease. The treatment is 100% natural and thus, have negligible or no side effects at all. The Ayurvedic treatment may be time-consuming, but it treats the condition from the base (it works towards identifying and eliminating the very underlying factor responsible for the ailment). The approach is similar in the case of hepatitis B and C. In addition to treating hepatitis, the medications also bring about a remarkable improvement in the associated symptoms (like jaundice, fatigue and nausea). Some of the Ayurvedic medicines used to treat hepatitis B include Bhumi Amla (Phyllanthus Niruri): Bhumi Amla can be used to treat Hepatitis B and the associated symptoms successfully. The medicine lowers the bilirubin level in the blood, thus providing relief from jaundice (one of the characteristic symptoms of Hepatitis B and C). It is also an effective medicine to deal with liver failure or liver problems. Echinacea (Andrographis): The medicine has anti microbial properties and, thus, checks and prevents the growth of the HBV (Hepatitis B Virus). It also enhances the overall functioning of a person's immune system (immune booster). Arjuna (Terminalia Arjuna): People with Hepatitis B can benefit immensely from this medicine. Like Echinacea, Arjuna is also known to be an immune booster. Kaasni: The medicine is used to treat hepatitis B and liver problems. Kaasni is also an excellent blood purifier. The ayurvedic medicine for Hepatitis C include Kalmegh (Andrographis Paniculata): The medicine comes as a relief for people with hepatitis C and liver problems. The anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties of Kalmegh further enhances its effectiveness. Guduchi (AMBROSIA), Haritaki (TERMINALIA CHELUBA), CURCUMA LONGA are few other Ayurvedic medicines that are equally effective in treating Hepatitis C.
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Hepatitis B in Hindi - जाने क्या होता है हेपेटिटिस बी?

Dt. Radhika 93% (459 ratings)
MBBS, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Hepatitis B in Hindi - जाने क्या होता है हेपेटिटिस बी?
कई बिमारियां ऐसी होती हैं जो बदलते मौसम के साथ आती हैं। कई बार तो बीमारियाँ आसानी से चली जाती हैं पर कई बार बात मरीज की जान पर बन आती है। अब जैसे बारिश के मौसम में ही गौर करें तो कई बीमारियां सिर उठाने लगती हैं और उन बिमारियों की तादाद में से एक बीमारी है हेपेटाइटिस बी। जो की वायरस बी की वजह से होती है। लीवर में सूजन को हेपेटाइटिस कहते हैं। लीवर में सूजन पैदा करने वाला खतरनाक वायरस है बी। इस वायरस के संक्रमण से होने वाले लीवर के रोग को हेपेटाइटिस बी के नाम से जाना जाता है। यह वायरस बी लीवर को बीमार बनाता है। शरीर में वायरस बी मौजूद है तो लीवर और उसके बीच लगातार जंग चलती रहती है। जरूरी नहीं की वायरस बी हमेशा खतरनाक ही साबित हो पर कभी कभी यह लिवर के लिए संकट का विषय बन जाता है। टीका अगर आप इस वायरस की चपेट में नहीं आये हैं तो हमेशा इस बीमारी के प्रति निडर रहने के लिए आप हेपेटाइटिस बी का टीका लगवाएं। और यदि ग्रसित हैं तो फिर समझिए की लिवर पर संकट आ चूका है जिसके लिए टीका बेअसर है। निष्क्रिय वायरस लीवर खून में बने जहरीले पदार्थ और शरीर से वायरस बी को भी निकाल बाहर करता है। और अगर ऐसा नहीं हो सका तो वायरस बी लीवर पर हमले के लिए तैयार रहता है है। इन्फेक्शन के बाद लीवर को वायरस बी से बचाव लीवर पर हमेशा निगरानी रखनी पड़ेगी। हेपेटाइटिस बी पॉजिटिव पाए जाने के बाद भी दो स्थितियां बनती हैं। वायरस बी निष्क्रिय अवस्था में रह सकता है। इस स्थिति में रहते हुए वायरस लीवर का कुछ नहीं बिगाड़ता। वह शरीर को छोड़ कर बाहर भी जा सकता है, लेकिन वह सक्रिय भी हो सकता है। इसलिए जरूरी है कि हेपेटाइटिस बी वायरस निष्क्रिय अवस्था में भी रहे तो हमें नियमित रूप से इसकी जांच कराते रहनी चाहिए। एक्टिव वायरस दूसरी स्थिति है कि वायरस शरीर में सक्रिय स्थिति में हो तो यह खतरनाक है और दवा से इसका इलाज जरूरी है। सक्रिय हेपेटाइटिस वायरस का पुराना संक्रमण हो तो लीवर सिरसिस और कैंसर होने का खतरा मंडराता रहता है। शरीर में यह वायरस है तो साल भर में एक बार जांच करा लेने से यह पता चलता रहता है कि वायरस किस स्थिति में है। आंकड़े विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन के हालिया आंकड़े के मुताबिक पूरी दुनिया में 2 अरब लोग इस वायरस से प्रभावित हैं। हर साल इसकी वजह से 6 लाख लोगों की मौत हो जाती है। भारत में अभी हेपेटाइटिस बी से पीड़ित लोगों की संख्या 4 करोड़ के आसपास है। हेपेटाइटिस बी एचआईवी की बीमारी 100 गुना से भी ज्यादा संक्रामक है। वायरस बी संक्रमण के लक्षण हेपेटाइटिस बी से संक्रमित होने के तुरंत बाद आमतौर पर कोई लक्षण सामने नहीं आता। हेपेटाइटिस बी के शुरुआती लक्षण भूख की कमी थकावट का एहसास होना, हल्का बुखार आते रहना, मांसपेशियों एवं जोड़ों में दर्द होना, मितली और उल्टी, त्वचा का पीला पड़ जाना पेशाब का रंग काला होने लगना अगर आपका शरीर इस संक्रमण से लड़ने में सफल हो जाता है तो ये लक्षण खत्म हो जाते हैं। जो लोग इस संक्रमण से मुक्त नहीं हो पाते, उनके संक्रमण को कहा जाता है क्रोनिक। ऐसे लोगों में लक्षण सामने नहीं भी आ सकते और संभव है कि वे इस बात से अनभिज्ञ रह जाएं कि उन्हें यह वायरस है। लंबे समय बाद उन्हें इस बात का पता तभी लगता है, जब उनका लीवर क्षतिग्रस्त होने लगता है और सिरसिस की स्थिति तक पहुंच जाता है। संक्रमण के कारण हेपेटाइटिस बी के संक्रमण के कारण लगभग एचआईवी के जैसे ही हैं। खून के संपर्क में आने असुरक्षित यौन संबंध किसी बीमारी में खून का चढ़ाया जाना संक्रमित सूई, ड्रग्स लेने की आदत लंबे समय तक किडनी डायलिसिस होते रहना शरीर पर टैटू बनवाना या एक्यूपंक्चर की सुई मां का संक्रमित होना बचाव के उपाय संक्रमण से पूरी तरह बचाव के लिए पहले तो स्क्रीनिंग जरूरी है। एक साधारण खून की जांच से यह पता चल जाए कि आप इस संक्रमण से बचे हुए हैं तो कोई देरी किए बगैर टीका लगवाएं। ओने साथ ही परिवार के हर सदस्य को टीका लगवा दें | संक्रमण का क्या है इलाज हेपेटाइटिस बी संक्रमण के पुराने मरीजों का इलाज वायरल रोधी दवाओं से किया जाता है। ये दवाएं खून में वायरस की मात्रा घटा सकती हैं या उन्हें हटा सकती हैं, जिससे लीवर सिरसिस या लीवर कैंसर होने का खतरा कम हो जाता है।
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Popular Questions & Answers

Hi Dr. hepatitis b negative is good or positive? And if am negative why should I take vaccine?

Dr. Poojanpreet Kaur 92% (56 ratings)
Pediatrician, Ghaziabad
Please note that vaccination is a precaution not a treatment. If at present you are negative for hep b.thats a good thing. Simply stating vaccination against hep b will keep you safe from contracting the disease. Hep B is a virus which can be transmitted through body fluids. I.e sexually, blood transfusion, accidental needle pricks, etc. The vaccination prevents you from the disease.

I am hepatitis B +ve. Is there any side effects of non Veg including eggs on my health.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 93% (5343 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
There are no immediate effect. But as they are not easy to digest may cause stress on liver. You can become completely healthy with hepatitis B negative with Homoeopathic treatment..

Where can I get hsbag vaccine in Chennai How much it will cost. Is there any diet restriction Only once do I need to put vaccine.

Dr. Trupti Gilada 94% (93 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, Fellowship in Infectious Diseases, Fellowship in HIV/AIDS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
HBsAg vaccine should be easily available in any good-sized pharmacy. Costs around Rs. 100-150 per dose. No food restrictions. 3 doses need to be taken: Day 0, then after 2 months, last dose after 6 months of first dose.

I am hepatitis B positive but still running marathon. What precautions I need to take while running. Is there any risk in running marathon?

Dr. Nazima 85% (1397 ratings)
General Physician, Delhi
It all depends on your health condition. If you are feeling fine. No weakness, no health issues you can run. But try not to fatigue yourself. Get a physical examination done before running. Otherwise you can participate in marathon.
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I am suffering with acute hepatitis b.Can I make free sex with my wife .Her hepatitis b vaccination (3 dose) completed.

Dr. Rahul Gupta 95% (13689 ratings)
MD-Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Haldwani
Hello- No you can't do unsafe sex with her. The Hepatitis B vaccine is very effective at preventing Hepatitis B virus infection. After receiving all three doses, Hepatitis B vaccine provides greater than 90% protection to infants, children, and adults immunized before being exposed to the virus, but still you can infect your partner with it.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

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Dr. Nikhil Kalale 90% (24 ratings)
dnb pediatrics
Dirty diapers are a sign of good health. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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Infants and Toddlers - Learn How To Take Care Of Them!!

Dr. Shashank Suryavanshi 91% (39 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Varanasi
Regularly bathing an infant is not necessary. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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Taking Care of a Newborn and Toddler

Dr. Ravi Yadav 82% (12 ratings)
M.D(Pediatrics), MBBS
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Bathing does not need to be an essential part of everyday care. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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Taking Care of Infants and Toddlers

Dr. Prakash Medatwal 90% (852 ratings)
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Dr. A.Jalaludheen Jalal 91% (215 ratings)
Ph.D - Ayurveda
Sexologist, Coimbatore
Venereal disease, once cured cannot affect you again. True or false Take this quiz to find out.
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