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Last Updated: Sep 04, 2019
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Hepatitis B - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Hepatitis B? How is Hepatitis B transmitted? What are the signs and symptoms of Hepatitis B? What causes Hepatitis B? What are the Preventive Measures of Hepatitis B? How is Hepatitis B diagnosed? What is the best treatment for Hepatitis B? What are the complications of Hepatitis B? Is Hepatitis B curable? How do you prevent Hepatitis B from spreading? What food is good for Hepatitis B? What is the Best Natural remedies for Hepatitis B?

What is Hepatitis B?

HBV virus causes liver inflammation which is known as Hepatitis B. HBV is just one of the five kinds of viral hepatitis. The other types of hepatitis are E, D, C and A. The HBV infection might be chronic or acute in nature. If the infection is chronic, the symptoms would show up quicker in adults. Children manifest acute hepatitis B symptoms rarely. The chances of any HBV infection in children are far likelier to be chronic. Chronic hepatitis B has a slow development period. Symptoms might not get noticed until the time any complications arise. It can be highly contagious in nature. It can spread via contact with saliva, infected blood and different body fluids. Symptoms might not show up for a few days post virus exposure. However, even without any symptoms, the infection can progress.

Hepatitis B affects the liver. However, for many individuals, the virus does not show any symptoms, and many people would be unaware of the fact that they have the virus. There are two stages of the virus – The acute stage and the chronic stage. In the acute stage, the virus has been diagnosed before, and the doctor focuses on avoiding its spread and the damage to the liver. In many cases, you might not need any treatment as the virus has a tendency to dissolve on its own. Often the doctor might suggest changes to your dietary pattern and intake of fluids.

For safer results, once you have been diagnosed with the virus you might have to take the Hepatitis B immunoglobulin shot along with the vaccine shot. In chronic cases, your doctor’s primary focus would be to curtail the spread of the virus and to prevent further damages to your liver. Antiviral medications might be given to achieve this. However hepatitis B medicines may not be suitable for everyone, and there could be some side effects when undergoing the treatment.

How is Hepatitis B transmitted?

Possible ways of transmission are:

  • An infected mother transmitting it to the baby at the time of birth
  • A needle prick injury
  • Close proximity with someone having HBV
  • Engaging in oral, anal and vaginal sex
  • The use of an infected razor or toothbrush

What are the signs and symptoms of Hepatitis B?

Early signs and symptoms of Hepatitis B are not visible in every case. Around 30 to 50 % of people get an early indication and other have to encounter sudden chronic damages. It is advised to consult a doctor as soon as possible in case of configuring any of the symptoms. The early symptoms are listed as:

  • The person suffers from Frequent fever and tired
  • Yellowishness of the skin, eyes, having dark coloured urine and suffering from Jaundice.
  • Having continuous Fatigue and tiredness feeling for weeks or months
  • Web of swollen blood vessels in the skin
  • Having light coloured stools
  • Feeling abdominal or belly pain
  • Feeling of Vomiting
  • Feeling of Nausea
  • Joint pain
  • Loss of appetite

What causes Hepatitis B?

  • Men having sex with men
  • People having multiple sexual partners
  • Individuals above 60 years of age and having diabetes
  • People having kidney disease
  • Individuals having chronic liver disease
  • Individuals who have travelled to countries having a higher incidence of the infection
  • Through the transmission of body fluids, blood transfusion or fluid transmission via opens sores etc. of an already infected person.
  • Sex: having unprotected sex, engaging in oral sex, transmission of infected saliva, semen or other extracts. Having multiple partners of sex.

  • Individuals having chronic liver disease
  • Accidental needle sticks usage due to improper management by health care workers,
  • Sharing needles or syringes with infected blood , the use of an infected razor or toothbrush
  • By childbirth wherein the mother is an hepatitis B infected
  • Persons who travel to countries with high risk of infection

What are the Preventive Measures of Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B infection can be prevented via the following ways:

  • By in taking vaccination as early as possible. The vaccination is a series of three injections. One is given soon after the birth, the second vaccination is given after a month and the third vaccination is given after 8 weeks of the second vaccination. Vaccination should be taken by the new born children, healthcare workers, adults, active sex workers, travellers etc.
  • By wearing protective equipment while working in an health care setting,
  • By ensuring safety during blood transfusion, needles and syringe usage
  • By following proper sexual procedures and ensuring safe sex
  • Cleaning any sort of blood stains through protected gloves and disinfecting the area

How is Hepatitis B diagnosed?

Requested or routine screening tests can usually help doctors in diagnosing HBV. Patients might require screening for HBV if:

  • They come in close proximity with someone having hepatitis B
  • They have recently visited a country with high hepatitis B rates
  • They have been to prison
  • They indulge in drug usage
  • They have kidney dialysis performed on them
  • They are pregnant
  • They are men having sex with other men
  • They have an HIV infection
  • The doctor may perform a few blood tests for screening hepatitis B

What is the best treatment for Hepatitis B?

The hepatitis B treatment depends on how far the virus has spread in your body and how much damage your liver has undergone. The treatment also depends majorly on how free your body is from other chronic medical ailments.

The best treatment that can ultimately curb the virus from becoming active in your body is to take the hepatitis B vaccine. Also, you really have to be careful, and you should avoid getting unprotected sex. Also there more chances of you getting the infection from sharing the needles with your drug partner.

The virus strain can be either acute or chronic. For the acute cases, you might not need any medications. You have to change your dietary patterns, and you have intake a lot of fluids. However, you have to go for regular visits to your doctor to check for the activeness of the virus. In chronic cases, you may have to depend on medications, and these can be for an extended period.

The medications act differently for every individual, and there is no specific time limit for getting cured. In advanced cases when your liver is beyond repair, a liver transplant might be the only solution, and even that cannot be possible for many individuals.

What are the complications of Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B comes with plenty of complications. Some of them are as follows:

  • Cirrhosis: This condition is the last stage of liver damage. 20 % of hepatitis B patient has a risk of having Cirrhosis. This condition generally occurs after some years of diagnosing the infection. Cirrhosis, itself can’t be diagnosed at the initial stage as the visible symptoms will show up at an extreme level.
  • Liver cancer: People who are diagnosed with cirrhosis followed by hepatitis B have a 0.5 % chance of growing liver cancer within a year.
  • Fulminant hepatic failure: This condition causes acute liver failure due to serious weakness in the synthetic function. There is 0.1 % of chance to have Fulminant hepatic failure after short-term hepatitis B.

Is Hepatitis B curable?

Once you are vaccinated, you will not have a chance of getting the hepatitis B virus. For others who have undergone the treatment options, you would not have the symptoms again, but still, the damage to your liver in some cases can be permanent. It depends on how far the virus has affected your liver and how your body has responded to the treatment.

How do you prevent Hepatitis B from spreading?

Simple ways for preventing hepatitis B from Spreading are:

  • Washing hands properly with liquid soap, if encountered with blood
  • Using protection after sexual activity
  • Avoiding contact from the infected body’s blood or any other fluid
  • Covering all the wounds properly
  • Staying away from sharp-edged items like earrings or body rings, nail clippers and shaving razors.
  • Dumping the used tampons and sanitary napkins in plastic bags.
  • Avoiding any kind of recreational drugs which involve multiple individuals inhaling, injecting or snorting them from the same spot.
  • At the time of getting a tattoo or piercing or having acupuncture, ensure that new, sterile needles are being used.

What food is good for Hepatitis B?

You have to make some changes in your food habits and lifestyle. Consume fresh fruits like strawberries, oranges etc. Drink plenty of water and keep hydrated. Consume coconut water to maintain electrolyte balances.

What is the Best Natural remedies for Hepatitis B?

The natural treatments are supportive in nature and have not yet proven to fully eradicate the virus from the body. Thus, these are to be considered as supportive treatment. Some of them are as follows:

  • It is essential to maintain healthy green vegetable rich diet. The patient should eat a nutritional diet and the diet should be rich in green leafy vegetable. Vegetable consumption like spinach, cauliflower, cabbage, carrots is good for health.
  • Avoid the consumption of foods and drinks which cause inflammation. some of them are sugar, refined oils, refined carbohydrates, conventional dairy products and farm-raised meats.

  • It is essential to maintain healthy green vegetable rich diet. The patient should eat a nutritional diet and the diet should be rich in green leafy vegetable. Vegetable consumption like spinach, cauliflower, cabbage, carrots is good for the health.
  • Consume fresh fruits like strawberries, oranges etc.
  • Avoid the consumption of foods and drinks which cause inflammation. some of them are sugar, refined oils, refined carbohydrates, conventional dairy products and farm-raised meats.
  • Drink plenty of water and keep hydrated. Consume coconut water to maintain electrolyte balances.

Key Highlights:

Safety: Medium

Effectiveness: Medium

Timeliness: High

Relative Risk: High

Side Effects: High

Recovery Time: Medium

Price Range: RS. 1000 - RS. 4000

Popular Questions & Answers

I pricked my finger with my grandmothers used lancet. Used 20 days ago. After the prick it looked a lil rusted. I am worried if I should get a tetanus injection. I washed it with dettol immediately though.

Dermatologist, Anantnag
If your grandmother is not hiv positive or hepatitis b/c positive you don't need to worry. If you had a tetanus toxoid injection during past 5 years you don't need a dose. What you need to work upon is your weight because you are very obese.

My questions are described as below. 1. If one having chronic psychological stress "while" receiving primary series of anti rabies vaccination which is 5 arv doses on post exposure prophylaxis, will high level of cortisol hormone or this chronic psychological stress during those times prevent our immune system to mount a proper response to the vaccine? 2. I believe reduction of antibodies level overtime is a normal process. Chronic psychological stress will be elevated cortisol hormone, does this high level of cortisol or chronic psychological stress causes formerly protected level 0.5iu of rabies antibodies drop to unproductive level? (hope to understand more about antibodies during this event as I ever administered 5 doses of arv 3 years ago) 2. If one having protective rabies antibodies level 0.50iu or more, our antibodies kill the virus instantly once it's in site before it enters the nerve? How long does it take for our antibodies to kill the virus? Assume the virus already entered the nerve and spinal cord but it hasn't reached the brain will our antibodies still be able to kill it? 3. Will chronic psychological stress or high cortisol level affect or alter hepatitis c antibodies and hiv antibodies "seroconversion" process? (means production of antibodies affected therefore unable to properly seroconvert of antibodies due to severe level of stress or chronic psychological stress) 4. For hiv infection I have seen few discussions from Dr. h. Hunter handsfield (hiv expert) through medhelp forum with his patients that antibodies will clear p24 out of the blood until p24 no longer detectable and excess antibodies will start detectable through serology blood test afterward as part of seroconversion. A. For hiv if one having psychological stress or chronic psychological stress or high cortisol level will production level of antibodies that produce by our immune system stop or delay while in the middle of clearing p24 due to stress? I seen some of this p24 discussion from h. Hunter handsfield m.d (hiv expert) with his patient which I screenshot their conversation in the attachment above (kindly refer to the attachment in the above for more detail) he mentioned "in other words, the p24 cannot become negative until at least several days (typically a couple of weeks) after antibody appears" by h. Hunter handsfield m.d. B. I'm concern about will antibodies stop or delay production during that stressful event due to stress which causes improper seroconversion? (probably similar questions to no. 3 but a little more detail:) 5. If one having chronic psychological stress and high cortisol level, will one seropositive infections such as hiv or hcv (hepatitis c) "seroreversion" to seronegative? (i do understand for hiv positive patient seroreversion for hcv is common, although i'm not hiv positive and read some cases mentioned antibodies for hcv persist for life, some said persist for many years or up to decades. 6. If one having psychological stress such as anxiety which is either chronic or not chronic does it affects seroconversion process of antibodies for treponemal test on infection like syphilis (such as tpha, fta-abs) or non treponemal test on syphilis? (such as vdrl, rpr). 7. If one having severe psychological stress anxiety or chronic psychological stress does it causes syphilis treponemal test or non treponemal test antibodies seroreversion? (despite I seen some expert discussed overtime seroreversion for non treponemal test which test turning to negative overtime is normal and is the only issue for non treponemal that might be due to the nature of the test itself which does not happen to treponemal test).

PhD - Psychology
Psychologist, Patna
If you have psychological stress you need psychological counseling services through the online or offline process for the positive attitude that will be better for recovery of your problem thank you.

I am having fatty liver. Sgot-105 sgpt-148 ggt-145, weight-105, fbs-230. Is this serious condition. Is it the condition of crirosis. What is my survival chance. As I am very poor I can't afford the treatment. What I do.

MD(EH)/AM/Accupressure
Homeopathy Doctor, Chandigarh
Fatty liver cn be cured by taking homeopathic medicine within 2 to 3 months. Call back.
1 person found this helpful

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