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Abdominal Pain - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Abdominal pain?

Abdominal pain is characterized by immense pain and discomfort on and around the abdominal area. Abdominal pain on its own is not fatal or life threatening but can be an underlying symptom of a serious illness.

What causes abdominal pain?

Diagnosis of Abdominal pain:

It is vital to seek medical help if you are experiencing abdominal pain. The specialist usually performs tests such as CT scan, ultrasound, X-ray, endoscopy, enemas, blood tests, urine test and stool test. The doctor will also ask questions related to the type of pain, the area where the pain persists, the intensity of the pain, the intervals at which the pain occurs, your menstruation cycle (if you are a girl), food products which you have consumed, the time span of this pain, if you are pregnant or not and recent injuries you have experienced.

Treatment for abdominal pain:

Treatment usually depends on the root cause of the pain. It can range from consuming antibiotics prescribed for ulcers, GERD and inflammation. In some cases, if the abdominal pain is caused due to hernia and appendicitis, surgery can be performed. It is important to contact a doctor as soon as possible if you experience difficulty breathing, acute tenderness in and around the abdomen, swelling of the abdomen, yellowness of the eyes or skin, vomitting, persistent nausea, hematemesis (vomiting blood), high fever, loss of appetite, unexplainable loss of weight, burning sensation while urinating and bloody stools.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Fever Signs of dehydration Inability to pass feces Vomiting Frequent urination Tender sensation on the abdomen

Popular Health Tips

Abdominal Pain - Know the Causes Behind It!

MBBS, MD - Anaesthesiology, FIPM, Fellowship in palliative medicine, certificate in interventional pain management, Multidisciplinary pain management course
Pain Management Specialist, Pune
Abdominal Pain - Know the Causes Behind It!

There is hardly any individual across the world, who has not experienced abdominal pain. In most instances, these aches are not very serious and can be diagnosed and treated by addressing the underlying condition. It is very crucial to recognize the symptoms which are severe and know when an individual should seek medical assistance. 

Most common causes of abdominal pain: 

Some of the most common causes of abdominal pain include indigestion, infection, menstrual cramps. It may also be due to food poisoning and allergies, irritable bowel syndrome, gas formation and bloating, lactose intolerance, pelvic inflammatory disease or ulcers and hernia, gallstones and kidney stones, urinary tract infection, Crohn’s Disease or gastroesophageal reflux disease. 

Some patients have abdominal pain but the source of pain lies in the spine. These patients are often seen by multiple doctors and have undergone many tests but their diagnosis is never established. These patients should visit a pain specialist to reach a diagnosis and treatment plan. They have conditions like neuropathies or facet joint arthritis which cause abdominal pain due to a condition known as referred pain. 

Symptoms of abdominal pain that are cause for concern: 

  1. Abdominal pain along with any sign of dehydration or fever or is unable to pass stools.
  2. Abdominal pain associated with tenderness in the abdomen, painful and frequent urinations or persistent loose motions or bloody/ tarry stools. 
  3. Severe or recurrent abdominal pain.

Determining the cause of abdominal pain and treating it.

  1. Detailed medical history and thorough physical examination would be performed. Further tests like USG, Endoscopy etc may be needed to reach a diagnosis. 
  2. The treatment of abdominal pain is entirely dependent on the cause of the pain. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.
4617 people found this helpful

Knowing More About Abdominal Laparoscopy!

DNB (General Surgery)
General Surgeon, Visakhapatnam
Knowing More About Abdominal Laparoscopy!

Abdominal Laparoscopy is a surgical diagnostic procedure, which is used to examine the organs inside the abdomen. It is an invasive procedure, but only small incisions are made.
The procedure is usually done in the hospital and the patient is given general anesthesia to make the procedure pain free. The laparoscope is inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall. As it moves along, the image of the inside of your abdomen is then seen on the monitor. After the exam, laparoscope and instruments are removed and the cuts are closed. Laparoscopy is usually done as an outpatient procedure. This means that you will be able to go home the same day.

Why Is laparoscopy performed?
Laparoscopy is often used to identify the source of abdominal pain. It is usually performed when x-rays or ultrasound are unable to determine the root cause of the problem. Laparoscopy allows your doctor to see inside your body in real time and helps to diagnose or help discover what the abdominal problem is.

Tips to deal with laparoscopic surgery

Before Surgery

  1. The first and the foremost thing is to prepare yourself for the surgery by watching some videos and going through some blogs on it as doing so will help you clear your doubts
  2. Do not eat or drink anything 8 hours before the procedure
  3. Make sure someone accompanies you on the day of the surgery
  4. Fix your Pre Op appointment to ask any questions or address any concerns regarding the surgery, anesthesia, etc
  5. Shave the area where the surgery will be performed. This will substantially reduce itchiness
  6. Lastly, prepare your hospital bag and discuss it with the person who is going to accompany you so that he/she knows what all you packed

After Surgery

  1. Don’t lie down in bed all the time. Keep yourself active by moving every two hours as it promotes healing and helps eliminate gas pain
  2. Wear comfortable clothing
  3. Do not take bath for a week. However, you can take a shower 24 hours post surgery
  4. Drink at least 1.5 to 2 liters of water per day to prevent constipation. If constipated, take a stool softener.
  5. While sneezing or coughing, hold a pillow against your stomach to lessen the pain
  6. Roll onto your side and sit up using your arms for support and then stand up
  7. Don’t drive for two weeks
  8. Refrain yourself from intercourse, douching, and swimming
  9. Make sure to visit your doctor 2 to 3 weeks post surgery to make sure your wounds are healing

It might take some time for the wounds to heal, but in case of any prolonged pain do remember to consult your doctor immediately.

Milk - Know How To Drink It!

MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Nagpur
Milk - Know How To Drink It!

Have you heard of a controversy over, whether to drink milk standing or sitting? There are some scientific reasons, according to which, drinking milk in a sitting position is better and healthier than having it while standing. According to Ayurveda, milk is considered to be a vital and precious food item, and hence, you must ensure that you are drinking milk in the right posture.

You should sit while drinking milk -

Scientifically, drinking milk while standing causes the fluid hit the lower part of your esophagus. Over time, this may result in the dilation or relaxation of the sphincter which connects the stomach to the esophagus. This may lead to a health condition known as GERD or Gastroesphegal reflux disease.

From Ayurvedic point of view, drinking milk or any fluid in a standing position is forbidden and advised against. Many scholars suggest that this norm exists because of health reasons. Moreover, drinking milk in a standing position may cause another issue. If you gulp down half a liter of milk, it goes into your stomach. The stomach’s capacity is between 900 to 1500 millimeters and on the consumption of the milk, it gets half full all of a sudden. This may cause the stomach to pulsate because of the volume of milk and it will also distend the stomach capacity because of weight. This may cause colic shock resulting in intense abdominal pain.
If you sit down and drink milk, sip by sip, the stomach will not distend because of the support it gets from the stomach cavity, which is in turn is supported by your thighs.

Benefits of drinking milk -

In Ayurveda, milk is a highly beneficial food, having several benefits. They are as follows:

  1. Milk is calming and cooling, which helps in balancing Vata and Pitta.
  2. According to Ayurveda, milk is considered to be the most calming and nourishing food. 
  3. It is a natural food for human beings, which they are accustomed to right from birth. 
  4. Milk is an aphrodisiac and helps in vitalizing the reproductive system, improving your sex drive and quality of sperms in men.
  5. When you want to correct obesity, it is a perfect food for satisfying hunger and thirst.
  6. Milk causes a sense of soothing and satisfaction in many different types of illnesses and diseases. 
  7. Milk is essential for your mind, for children and is also used for treating depression.

Although many people argue that there is no scientific reason associated with sitting and drinking milk to be safe, it has been scientifically proven that it is better to eat or drink anything while sitting, instead of standing.

5136 people found this helpful

How Patients Should Report Abdominal Pain?

FELLOWSHIP IN HEPATOBILIARY AND LIVER TRANSPLANT SURGERY, Fellowship in Abdominal Multi Organ Transplant Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
How Patients Should Report Abdominal Pain?

A very common question by patients, is abdominal pain, discomfort, burning .. especially after meals.

I will advise everyone with such a problem to get reviewed by a doctor, But do not get anxious as the problem is common and also treatable. Upper abdominal pain and abdominal pain, in general, has a lot of reasons. Most common is gastritis/acidity. Another common reason for acidity is H.pyolri infection

I have enumerated below some common questions that we as a doctor will like to know about to come to a better conclusion about a problem. Try to mention these when you report abdominal pain.

1. The patient will need to tell, what part of the abdomen hurts: whether it is the whole abdomen or only the lower or upper part of the abdomen?

2. Relation of food intake with the pain: does the pain or burning occurs after meal intake or does taking a meal resolves the pain? Sometimes the food intake will have no relation to the pain, so you should mention it so.

3. Fever, nausea, vomiting: Any feeling of vomiting (Nausea), actual vomiting or fever should be mentioned.

4. Any Jaundice, change in bowel habits (diarrhea, constipation, change in color or consistency of stool) should be reported.

5. Medication history: if you are taking any medications for the apin or for any other illness... then will these should be mentioned.

6. Any previous surgeries or medical conditions have to be informed about

7. Any known drug allergies are very important to know.

8. Lastly, if any investigations have been done: Any blood test, ultrasound, CT scan report should be mentioned too.

IMPORTANT: DO NOT EXAGGERATE YOUR SYMPTOMS TO GET UNDUE ATTENTION.         We as doctors take all information seriously. If your symptoms are mild that does not mean that we will not take you seriously.  Sometimes serious illness may have mild symptoms and not so serious diseases may have a lot of symptoms. Hence severity of symptoms can alter the clinical diagnosis. So inform about all problems, but just the way they are, for better assessment.

5 people found this helpful

How To Treat Acidity And Gastritis Problems Through Ayurveda?

MD - Kayachikitsa, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Faridabad
How To Treat Acidity And Gastritis Problems Through Ayurveda?

Gastric and acidity are the common problems which are heard very frequently by most of the people. Though these are not severe diseases, still they create an uncomfortable feeling for those who are suffering from these problems. Acidity and gastritis are the same where acidity means hyperacidity. It is a condition where the secretions of hydrochloric acid became excessive and only in the stomach which in turn leads to the irritation on the gastric lining.

Symptoms To Detect Gastritis:

To detect the condition of acidity or gastritis, these common symptoms will let the people identify.

  1. Abdominal pain in the upper part
  2. The decrease in the appetite levels
  3. Diarrhea
  4. Constipation
  5. Hiccups
  6. Heartburn
  7. Nausea

How does Ayurveda help to treat acidity or gastritis?

In Ayurveda, this condition is known as Urdhva Amlapitta where ‘amla’ means sour and ‘pitta’ refers to the dosha of the same name. In this condition, the Pitta dosha (biohumor representing Fire and Water elements) whose seat is in the stomach and the digestive fire tends to over-secrete leading to acidity in the body.

This acidity (which is a byproduct of Pitta’s sharp, hot and acrid qualities) causes many symptoms like a burning sensation, loss of appetite, queasiness, indigestion, bloating, etc.

Ayurveda is one of the ancient ways of treatments that helps the person to get cure from any disorders by natural methods, which also includes yoga and exercises. Ayurvedic treatment is just not limited to medicines, but also the physical activities that help in keeping body healthy and fit.

Ayurvedic treatment of Chronic Gastritis involves the reduction of aggravated body energies and the restoration of the digestive fire using cooling herbal preparations and Pitta-pacifying diet. Ayurvedic techniques of reducing tension and stress are also proven to be effective in treating this condition. Here are some of the popularly employed ayurvedic methods to treat gastritis and acidity problems.

  1. Diet change – The foremost important thing in acidity or gastritis problems, is there should be a change in diet. Reduce or avoid spicy foods, tea, coffee, sour foods, chilies as these will be increasing the acidity levels in the stomach.
  2. Food to consume – In this condition, it is better to avoid citrus food and intake grapes, pumpkins, bitter gourd, pomegranate, cucumber, melons, fresh vegetables and juices.Reduce the salt intake also.
  3. Maintain time – It is important to eat on time and should never skip meals because if the eating method is healthy, then it can be cured soon.
  4. Observe closely-Eat morning breakfast only if the motions are clear in the morning. Avoid overeating.
  5. Control emotions – It is most important to control emotions by avoiding stress along with anger.
  6. Sufficient sleep – The most important thing is to have a perfect sleep at the same time care should be taken that a gap of 2 hours is maintained between meals and sleeping time.
  7. Instant relief – Taking approximately 200 to 500 ml of fresh coconut water two times per day will get relieved from this problem.

Above mentioned are some of the remedies to prevent acidity or gastritis. Once there is a problem, then some medicines need to be taken along with Panchakarma procedures.

1. Virechana Karma - Medicated procedure of inducing loose motions to pacify the aggravated Pitta. This has amazing results in mitigating the symptoms of the disease.

2. Vasti Karma - Medicated oils, ghrtas or decoctions are administered through anal route. This pacifies the aggravated vata dosha and pitta dosha.

Ayurveda treatment has wonderful results in pacifying gastritis. If dinachara and rituchara principles are followed, gastritis and hyperacidity are avoided.

4915 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Pain in lower abdomen while traveling or lifting the weight after abortion. It has been 4 months of abortion, but pain persists. My gynecologist checked the ultrasound report and said report is normal. Can anyone suggest me some medicine.

M.B.B.S, M.S., Fellowship in Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
It could be pelvic inflammatory disease or chronic urine infection. Get a vaginal swab culture done and also urine test for microscopy and culture.
1 person found this helpful

Hi, I suffered from abdominal pain right side and indication also occurs. After food my stomach feeling heavy and lack of appetite. My usg report normal liver enlarged but not fatty please suggest me. Present time I taken Actapro Rifgut 400 mg but indication and pain also occurs.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Please don't be panic. Rifagut 400 MG Tablet is an effective medicine used to treat bacterial infections of the intestine. It is used for the treatment of traveler's diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea caused due to certain specific strains of bacteria. I suggest you to consult your physician in person who will be knowing better about your pain. We are here to help you in every aspect of your mental and physical health. Any sexual or psychological problems can be cured with the help of various methods and therapies. I suggest you to post your query with every detail here. We will help you in overcoming your problems certainly. Take care.
7 people found this helpful

I feel stress and gastric problem sometime feel it gives pain to any point of my body especially at upper portion of my body for instance chest and back.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in EP
Cardiologist, Delhi
Yes, this is common with gastric problem (dyspepsia ). Dyspepsia can be treated with medicines or by good diet. Omit sugar jaggery alcohol and starchy foods. Increase traditional health foods like yoghurt cheese nuts eggs butter etc.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Abdominal pain?

What causes abdominal pain?

Diagnosis of Abdominal pain:

Play video
Chronic Abdomen Pain

I am Dr. Ajay Kumar Gupta. I am into practicing of laproscopic and general surgery for the past 10 years from now. I have been witnessing many patients of chronic pain abdomen. It may lead to bowel habits leading to constipation and may lead to painful diffication and they lead to a disease called chronic anal fissure acute or chronic. There is a rampant increase in the weternisation of our society for the past 10 years from now. Because of westernization of toilet, increase use of digital mode of knowledge not having physical activities and the people are having sedentary lifestyle. What I could see from my OPD is that many patients having vague lifestyle from morning till night. The morning in the morning they wake up and they have a tea as a breakfast then have a light lunch and lunch they used to take burger samosa and some oily base. They openly have suffering of Chronic pain abdomen.

So we need to reconsider this modification of lifestyles need to be changed. You have to have four meals a day. In the morning they should have a light breakfast then have a should have lunch then munch as fruit and dinner at a proper in between 9 to 10 pms. Many other patients are having chronic constipation they lead to having a painful diffication. And that painful diffication lead to chronic anal fissure. And that is a disease which is having long morbidity and there is a surgical option for these patients but they have a chance of recurs 30 to 40% if they don t change their lifestyle. Now from as of now what I could see many patients of the chronic anal fissure I have been treating on some dietary modification change in the lifestyle and they don t need surgery.

So more important is if you to ask the patient to train themselves how to modify their lifestyle and they should avoid eating all the meals which lead to constipation improvement in their quality of life they will not have any painful diffication, they will not suffer any pain itching around the anus. So what I will request to all my patients is that they should have a modification of diet modification of lifestyle and then they should see if they assess themselves yes they are ok with it and they don t have any problem so I think they don t need surgery. Now if at all they do have problems after this so definitely surgical options we should consider and you have to prognosticate the patient that still they have 30 to 40% chance of recurs if they don t change their lifestyle.

So prefeeding and topping up with the change in the lifestyle followed by a surgical intervention to benefit the patient if you don t do this and directly go into the surgical intervention definitely they are going to have a recurs because they don t know how to change their lifestyle how to make their bowel habits so that they don t land up into constipation. And so my important submission is that nowadays owing to this all westernization of culture westernization of toilet I think very important is that each and every house be it a middle class lower middle class or upper middle class which makes definitely leads to incomplete evacuation of stool at every time so there needs to be addressed that Indian toilet has to be approved that there never patient have problem of the incomplete evacuation of his stool . So this is a small things which needs to be addressed at all fronts and in society it is going to play a chronic epidemic and rampant problem in the near course of time. So my submission is every time to think about your lifestyle think about your dieting habits. Don t make it a chronical ailment of your part of your life.

Play video
Gallbladder Stones
Hello Friends!

I am Dr. Amit Jain, General Surgeon. Today I will tell you about gallbladder stones disease. Is se pehle me apko btaunga ki gallbladder ka function kya hai hmari body me. Ye anashpati ke jaise hota hai hmari body me. Jo ki liver ke right side me hota hai. Hmare liver me bile produce hota hai jo fat digestion me help krta hai. Ye bile gallbladder me jake store ho jata hai. Gallbladder stones kyu bante hai or kya hum ise prevent kar skte hain? Gallbladder stones ke kya problem hoti hai apko. Isse apko pain start ho jata hai. Ye apko right abdomen me pain krta hai. Hum ise diagnose krne ke lia ultrasound krte hain. Jis se hume pta chalta hai kis tone hai ya nhi.

Or agar stones hai to surgery advice ki jati hai. e ek day care surgery hoti hai. Patient ke 2 questions hote hai surgery ko lekar. Kya stones nikale jayenge ya fir glallbladder niklega to digestion ka kya hoga. Sugery me sirf stone nhi, pura gallbladder hi nikala jata hai. Kidney stones hone se sirf stones ko nikala jata hai. Ab digestion me kya problem aati hai. Gallbladder removal se digestion me koi problem nhi hoti hai. Bile vhi apke liver me hi rehta hai. Ab patient ko pta hai after diagnosis ki stones hain gallbladder me but uske koi symptoms nhi hain.

Lekin fir bhi patient ko surgery ke lia jana chaiye. Qquki iske complication bhut jyada hai. Agar surgery time se nhi krayi jaye to patient ko jaundice ho skta hai. Hepatitis ho skta hai. And gallstones are produce the risk of cancers also. Iski surgery laparoscopy se kia jaiti hai. Islia iska itna risk nhi hai. To mera suggestion hai ki agar stones hai to go for te surgery.

Thank You!
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