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Abdominal Pain - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Abdominal pain is characterized by immense pain and discomfort on and around the abdominal area. Abdominal pain on its own is not fatal or life threatening but can be an underlying symptom of a serious illness.

What causes abdominal pain?

  • Appendicitis
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Endometriosis
  • Kidney stones
  • Gallstones
  • Hernia
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Ulcers
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Gas
  • Food allergies
  • Food poisoning
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Stomach virus
  • Constipation
  • Indigestion

Inflammation of the organs which is placed in your abdomen area can also cause extreme abdominal pain. The major organs situated in the abdomen are large intestines, small intestines, kidneys, appendix, spleen, stomach, gallbladder, liver and pancreas. Parasitic, bacterial and viral infections in these organs can irritate the abdomen leading to extreme pain and discomfort.

Causes of abdominal pain in women can be caused due to factors such as:

  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Endometriosis
  • Fibroids
  • Miscarriage
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Dysmenorrhea (menstrual cramps)

Diagnosis of Abdominal pain:

It is vital to seek medical help if you are experiencing abdominal pain. The specialist usually performs tests such as CT scan, ultrasound, X-ray, endoscopy, enemas, blood tests, urine test and stool test. The doctor will also ask questions related to the type of pain, the area where the pain persists, the intensity of the pain, the intervals at which the pain occurs, your menstruation cycle (if you are a girl), food products which you have consumed, the time span of this pain, if you are pregnant or not and recent injuries you have experienced.

Treatment for abdominal pain:

Treatment usually depends on the root cause of the pain. It can range from consuming antibiotics prescribed for ulcers, GERD and inflammation. In some cases, if the abdominal pain is caused due to hernia and appendicitis, surgery can be performed. It is important to contact a doctor as soon as possible if you experience difficulty breathing, acute tenderness in and around the abdomen, swelling of the abdomen, yellowness of the eyes or skin, vomitting, persistent nausea, hematemesis (vomiting blood), high fever, loss of appetite, unexplainable loss of weight, burning sensation while urinating and bloody stools.

Abdominal pain can be prevented by eating healthy, drinking water frequently, exercising regularly and eating smaller meals.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Fever Signs of dehydration Inability to pass feces Vomiting Frequent urination Tender sensation on the abdomen

Popular Health Tips

Functional Abdominal Pain - The Best Way To Manage It!

Dr. K. S Somasekhar Rao 87% (12 ratings)
DM - Gastroenterology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS
Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad
Functional Abdominal Pain - The Best Way To Manage It!
In most cases, pain anywhere in the body can be explained as a symptom of some other problem, but sometimes, there is no reason for abdominal pain. This type of pain is known as chronic functional abdominal pain. This is a gastrointestinal disorder that cannot be explained through X-ray or laboratory findings. It can be triggered by altered sensitivity to nerve impulses in the brain and gut. People suffering from this condition are often so debilitated by the pain that it becomes the central focus of their life. This condition cannot be cured, but with proper treatment, it can be managed so that it does not affect the quality of your life. The aim of treatment for this condition is to control the symptoms and improve functioning. When it comes to treating this condition, the patient s relationship with his or her doctor plays an important role as the condition cannot be proven through any form of testing and it has a great psychological effect on the person. Regular checkups are also a key to managing this condition effectively. The first step towards achieving this is to identify possible emotional and situational triggers. Maintaining a journal that records these experiences can help with this. Further treatment is usually either through psychological treatment or antidepressants. Psychological treatment is based on the understanding that the brain can block pain by diverting attention elsewhere. Nerve impulses that travel from the abdomen to the brain must pass through a type of gate that is controlled by nerve impulses generated by the brain. When these impulses close the gates, pain is blocked while when these gates are open, the pain can be magnified. Psychological treatment for chronic functional abdominal pain can be in the form of relaxation techniques, imagery, hypnosis and cognitive behavioral therapy. While relaxation techniques such as meditation and hypnosis help a person shift focus from the pain, cognitive behavioral therapy teaches a person how to change thoughts and perceptions in order to control the pain. Antidepressants can also act as pain relievers. This form of medication stimulates the production of brain signals that close the gates of nerve transmissions. This blocks the pain but can take several weeks to be effective. Some people may experience side effects such as drowsiness and nausea and hence should never be taken without a doctor s supervision. In some cases, antidepressants may also be combined with cognitive behavioral therapy or medication to regulate bowels.
3982 people found this helpful

Liver Problems - How they Can be Treated with Homeopathic Remedies?

Dr. Vidyasagar Umalkar 87% (17 ratings)
Homeopath, Mumbai
Liver Problems - How they Can be Treated with Homeopathic Remedies?
Liver is a very important organ of your body. It is also the largest internal organ. Liver plays a pivotal role in food digestion, iron metabolism, regulation of blood clotting and removal of toxins from your body. Liver problems refer to the disruption of liver functions. There are various liver problems and diseases that you may encounter. Some of the liver problems are as follows: Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E Liver cirrhosis. Fatty liver Liver cancer Wilson disease Jaundice The most common causes of the above mentioned liver problems are Fatty liver is generally caused due to obesity Hepatitis A, B, C is caused due to viral infections Consuming excess alcohol can cause liver cancer Liver diseases like Wilson disease is caused due to genetic problems Different liver problems have different symptoms. But there are some common symptoms for all liver diseases. The most common symptoms are mentioned below Body fatigue Pain in the abdomen Change in urine and stool color Nausea Queasiness Loss of weight and appetite Yellowish discoloration of skin, eyes and nails. Homeopathy can treat liver problems very effectively. The following are some of the solutions offered by homeopathy for different liver problems 1. If you are suffering from the problem of fatty liver, your doctor may recommend you medicines like Lycopodium, Phosphorus, Nux vomica 2. If you suffer from the problem of liver enlargement then your doctor may recommend you medicines like Carduus Marianus 3. Chionanthus and Taraxacum are medicines advised for liver problems like jaundice 4. Natrum sulphuricum may be recommended to you if you are suffering from problems like Liver cirrhosis Homeopathic treatment for liver problems is very effective since it treats the medical condition according to specific symptoms
3320 people found this helpful

Abdominal Pain - Know the Causes Behind It!

Dr. Poonam Patel Vasani 89% (879 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Anaesthesiology, FIPM, Fellowship in palliative medicine, certificate in interventional pain management
Pain Management Specialist, Pune
Abdominal Pain - Know the Causes Behind It!
There is hardly any individual across the world, who has not experienced abdominal pain. In most instances, these aches are not very serious and can be diagnosed and treated by addressing the underlying condition. It is very crucial to recognize the symptoms which are severe and know when an individual should seek medical assistance. Most common causes of abdominal pain: Some of the most common causes of abdominal pain include Indigestion, infection, menstrual cramps. It may also be due to food poisoning and allergies, irritable bowel syndrome, gas formation and bloating, lactose intolerance, pelvic inflammatory disease or ulcers and hernia, gallstones and kidney stones, urinary tract infection, Crohn s Disease or gastroesophageal reflux disease. Some patients have abdominal pain but the source of pain lies in the spine. These patients are often seen by multiple doctors and have undergone many tests but their diagnosis is never established. These patients should visit a pain specialist to reach a diagnosis and treatment plan. They have conditions like neuropathies or facet joint arthritis which cause abdominal pain due to a condition known as referred pain. Symptoms of abdominal pain that are cause for concern: Abdominal pain along with any sign of dehydration or fever or is unable to pass stools. Abdominal pain associated with tenderness in the abdomen, painful and frequent urinations or persistent loose motions or bloody/ tarry stools. Severe or recurrent abdominal pain. Determining the cause of abdominal pain and treating it. Detailed medical history and thorough physical examination would be performed. Further tests like USG, Endoscopy etc may be needed to reach a diagnosis. The treatment of abdominal pain is entirely dependent on the cause of the pain.
3734 people found this helpful

Can Homeopathy Help In Dissolving And Removing Gallbladder Stones?

Dr. Chhavi Bansal 91% (1034 ratings)
Diploma in Diet and Nutrition, M.Sc - Psychology, BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
Can Homeopathy Help In Dissolving And Removing Gallbladder Stones?
Are you experiencing a sudden pain in the right upper part and at the center of your abdomen? This might be an indication of the presence of gallbladder stones. These stones are deposits of digestive fluid which may form in your gallbladder. Risk Factors Associated With Gall Stones: Family history of gallstones Women are twice as likely as men to develop gallstones Overweight High cholesterol High-fat diet Rapid weight loss Over age 60 In the case of gallbladder stones, you need to dissolve and remove them. Among the different modes of treatment of gallbladder stones, homeopathy is considered to be an ideal method. Homeopathy successfully dissolves small and medium-sized gallstones and help you avoid the gallbladder removal. Homeopathy also provides fast pain relief in gallbladder attacks and can be used for prevention and treatment of biliary colic. The medicines are natural, effective and have no side effects. In patients with gallbladder removal homeopathy can alleviate the digestive disorders after surgery. Here is a list of the top homeopathic medicines, which help in dissolving and removing gallbladder stones: Chelidonium: This is an effective homeopathic medicine used in the treatment of gallbladder stones. It treats the pain caused because of the stones and jaundice when the bile ducts are obstructed. The medicine is used when the skin turns yellowish, stool turns clay colored and the urine becomes dark. The patient may have an urge for having hot drinks. This medicine is also ideal for gall bladder problems in women during pregnancy. Lycopodium: This medicine is the best natural cure for gall bladder stones when accompanied by gastric symptoms such as acidity, a bloated abdomen, or gas in the abdomen. Distension in the abdomen may occur even after taking a small meal. Gas rolls in the abdomen and it is difficult for it to pass out. Acidity is likely, which worsens after taking flatulent food containing starch. The patient s appetite may decrease and the craving for sweet and hot drinks increases. Calcerea Carb: This is another effective homeopathic medicine for gallbladder stones. It is mostly used in case of obese patients who have a flabby and fatty constitution. The abdomen is full of excess fat with hardness and distension. Profuse sweating on the head and an increased sensitivity to cold air are other symptoms. The patient might crave for boiled eggs or unusual things such as lime, chalk and pencils. He may avoid hot food and crave for sweet drinks. The medicine is also used in relieving sour belching and sour vomiting. Carduus Marianus: This is a very effective medicine in case of an inflamed gallbladder. Pain is experienced in the right upper abdomen and it is also accompanied by nausea and vomiting of burning fluid. It treats jaundice in gall stones as well. Phosphorus: This homeopathic medicine is used in case of gall bladder stone patients who experience sour belching and vomiting after any meal. The patient will love cold drinks, chicken, ice cream and fish in his diet. Homeopathic medicines treat gallbladder stones effectively without any side effects. In case you notice the symptoms of gallbladder stones, you should visit a homeopathic practitioner.
8561 people found this helpful

Hymenoplasty - What Are The Benefits And Procedure?

Dr. Ramakant Bembde 86% (91 ratings)
MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, DNB (Plastic Surgery)
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Aurangabad
Hymenoplasty - What Are The Benefits And Procedure?
These days everything is available, including a new body. You can get a new nose, jaw, perky breasts and yes, a brand new hymen as well, all through plastic surgery. The procedure of hymen restoration or reconstruction is called hymenoplasty, hymenorrhaphy, virginity surgery or just hymen reconstruction surgery. The hymen, as you know is a ring-like membrane in a woman s vagina. It usually ruptures due to vigorous exercise or sexual penetration. This is also usually the reason many women, egged on by families, decide to go for the reconstruction of their hymen because certain cultures value female virginity and losing one s virginity before marriage is a taboo. Benefits: The benefits of hymenoplasty , if any, are that it allows women to take control of their futures in conservative societies. If she has been sexually active pre-marriage, she can still decide to go for a traditional marriage without the fear of ostracization. Hymenoplasty surgery restores the ability of the hymen to bleed at intercourse on the wedding night. Victims of sexual assault can also use the procedure to get over the traumatic event and its memories. Some women like to get a hymen rejuvenation to feel young again. Procedure: Hymenorrhaphy can be done months or years after a woman loses her virginity. It must be performed only by a plastic surgeon. In this procedure, the torn edges of the hymen are sutured back together. If done correctly, the touched-up hymen appears as good as new and bleeds on sexual penetration. Sutures dissolve by themselves after a few days. Hospital stay is only 5-6 hours post hymenorrhaphy. The procedure is done under anesthesia and it usually takes less than an hour to finish. Patients are discharged from hospital the same day and are advised not to do any vigorous activity like playing games, climbing stairs, and of course sex. Risk involved: There are no documented risks of hymenoplasty and there are no complications either, if the surgeon is good. If an adverse reaction occurs, it s temporary. Usually any discomfort in the private parts and swelling in the outer parts of the vagina usually subsides within days. Recovery: The recovery time is minimal and the patient can return to work next day, if she wants. Complete healing, though, takes approximately 4 weeks. Good hygiene is important to avoid infection. Patients are advised to contact their doctor immediately after a hymenorrhaphy if there is fever, abdominal pain, bleeding from vagina or the reconstructed hymen.
3061 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering from pain in lower abdomen by two days. As I suppress that area, the pain increases. Please suggest me treatment?

1.Apply and massage Luke warm castor oil for 10-15 mind followed by hot water bag fomentation for 5-10 min 2.Take shankha vati -2 tablets after food For 5 days .If it doesn’t subside consult Dr. and have USG done once.

Little pain on the right side of abdomen and urinates red color on test Can I help me.

Dr. Rushali Angchekar 95% (49392 ratings)
Homeopath, Sindhudurg
It can be due to kidney stone. Take lyco 200 4pills daily once for 3 days only and revert for further treatment.
4 people found this helpful

I am 21 years male ,I was observed urine problem while urine since some days I was consulted a urologist he was advised to take a scan of whole abdomen ,the result observed in the sacn was 3.4 mm of calculi is noted in the mid pole of the left kidney ,sir please give me advice with your valuable suggestion.

Dr. Col V C Goyal 93% (8166 ratings)
CCEBDM, PG Diploma In Clinical cardiology, MBBS
General Physician, Ghaziabad
Do not worry .do 1.Drink plenty of fluids, particularly water. So as to have clear urine of 2 ltrs /day 2.Eat less salt 3. More fruits and vegetables. Low fat milk 4. No ghee/ butter 4. Eat lemons or oranges, lemon juice more 5.Eat less animal protein. 6.Avoid vitamin C supplements. 7. Avoid Foods high in oxalates. Spinach, beets root dried figs. Peanuts, soybeans ,black tea. Wheat bran. Dark chocolate. Potato chips. French fries. Nuts medicine can not be advised for open question for medicine contact on private chat.
1 person found this helpful

I am now 41 years female under gone tubal ligation at 1999. My lmp is 1st july feeling lower abdomen pain and having little bleeding feeling heavy also at lower abdomen and low.

Dr. Sana Fatima 89% (22 ratings)
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Hello Ms. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. Now that you're 41 years old, you may be experiencing what's called MENOPAUSE. It's common for the women in the age group of 35-45 years to undergo a natural phenomenon called menopause where your body undergoes physical, mental and hormonal changes. Please a make an appointment for further help.
2 people found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Stomach Ache and Abdominal Pain

Dr. Gautam Das 92% (875 ratings)
Pain Management Specialist, Kolkata
Continuous intake of OTC painkillers for abdomen pain can lead to stomach ulcers. True or False? Take this quiz to know now.
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Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice