Abdominal pain is characterized by immense pain and discomfort on and around the abdominal area. Abdominal pain on its own is not fatal or life threatening but can be an underlying symptom of a serious illness.
What causes abdominal pain?
Diagnosis of Abdominal pain:
It is vital to seek medical help if you are experiencing abdominal pain. The specialist usually performs tests such as CT scan, ultrasound, X-ray, endoscopy, enemas, blood tests, urine test and stool test. The doctor will also ask questions related to the type of pain, the area where the pain persists, the intensity of the pain, the intervals at which the pain occurs, your menstruation cycle (if you are a girl), food products which you have consumed, the time span of this pain, if you are pregnant or not and recent injuries you have experienced.
Treatment usually depends on the root cause of the pain. It can range from consuming antibiotics prescribed for ulcers, GERD and inflammation. In some cases, if the abdominal pain is caused due to hernia and appendicitis, surgery can be performed. It is important to contact a doctor as soon as possible if you experience difficulty breathing, acute tenderness in and around the abdomen, swelling of the abdomen, yellowness of the eyes or skin, vomitting, persistent nausea, hematemesis (vomiting blood), high fever, loss of appetite, unexplainable loss of weight, burning sensation while urinating and bloody stools.
There is hardly any individual across the world, who has not experienced abdominal pain. In most instances, these aches are not very serious and can be diagnosed and treated by addressing the underlying condition. It is very crucial to recognize the symptoms which are severe and know when an individual should seek medical assistance.
Most common causes of abdominal pain:
Some of the most common causes of abdominal pain include indigestion, infection, menstrual cramps. It may also be due to food poisoning and allergies, irritable bowel syndrome, gas formation and bloating, lactose intolerance, pelvic inflammatory disease or ulcers and hernia, gallstones and kidney stones, urinary tract infection, Crohn’s Disease or gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Some patients have abdominal pain but the source of pain lies in the spine. These patients are often seen by multiple doctors and have undergone many tests but their diagnosis is never established. These patients should visit a pain specialist to reach a diagnosis and treatment plan. They have conditions like neuropathies or facet joint arthritis which cause abdominal pain due to a condition known as referred pain.
Symptoms of abdominal pain that are cause for concern:
Determining the cause of abdominal pain and treating it.
Abdominal Laparoscopy is a surgical diagnostic procedure, which is used to examine the organs inside the abdomen. It is an invasive procedure, but only small incisions are made.
The procedure is usually done in the hospital and the patient is given general anesthesia to make the procedure pain free. The laparoscope is inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall. As it moves along, the image of the inside of your abdomen is then seen on the monitor. After the exam, laparoscope and instruments are removed and the cuts are closed. Laparoscopy is usually done as an outpatient procedure. This means that you will be able to go home the same day.
Why Is laparoscopy performed?
Laparoscopy is often used to identify the source of abdominal pain. It is usually performed when x-rays or ultrasound are unable to determine the root cause of the problem. Laparoscopy allows your doctor to see inside your body in real time and helps to diagnose or help discover what the abdominal problem is.
Tips to deal with laparoscopic surgery
It might take some time for the wounds to heal, but in case of any prolonged pain do remember to consult your doctor immediately.
Have you heard of a controversy over, whether to drink milk standing or sitting? There are some scientific reasons, according to which, drinking milk in a sitting position is better and healthier than having it while standing. According to Ayurveda, milk is considered to be a vital and precious food item, and hence, you must ensure that you are drinking milk in the right posture.
You should sit while drinking milk -
Scientifically, drinking milk while standing causes the fluid hit the lower part of your esophagus. Over time, this may result in the dilation or relaxation of the sphincter which connects the stomach to the esophagus. This may lead to a health condition known as GERD or Gastroesphegal reflux disease.
From Ayurvedic point of view, drinking milk or any fluid in a standing position is forbidden and advised against. Many scholars suggest that this norm exists because of health reasons. Moreover, drinking milk in a standing position may cause another issue. If you gulp down half a liter of milk, it goes into your stomach. The stomach’s capacity is between 900 to 1500 millimeters and on the consumption of the milk, it gets half full all of a sudden. This may cause the stomach to pulsate because of the volume of milk and it will also distend the stomach capacity because of weight. This may cause colic shock resulting in intense abdominal pain.
If you sit down and drink milk, sip by sip, the stomach will not distend because of the support it gets from the stomach cavity, which is in turn is supported by your thighs.
In Ayurveda, milk is a highly beneficial food, having several benefits. They are as follows:
Although many people argue that there is no scientific reason associated with sitting and drinking milk to be safe, it has been scientifically proven that it is better to eat or drink anything while sitting, instead of standing.
A very common question by patients, is abdominal pain, discomfort, burning .. especially after meals.
I will advise everyone with such a problem to get reviewed by a doctor, But do not get anxious as the problem is common and also treatable. Upper abdominal pain and abdominal pain, in general, has a lot of reasons. Most common is gastritis/acidity. Another common reason for acidity is H.pyolri infection.
I have enumerated below some common questions that we as a doctor will like to know about to come to a better conclusion about a problem. Try to mention these when you report abdominal pain.
1. The patient will need to tell, what part of the abdomen hurts: whether it is the whole abdomen or only the lower or upper part of the abdomen?
2. Relation of food intake with the pain: does the pain or burning occurs after meal intake or does taking a meal resolves the pain? Sometimes the food intake will have no relation to the pain, so you should mention it so.
5. Medication history: if you are taking any medications for the apin or for any other illness... then will these should be mentioned.
6. Any previous surgeries or medical conditions have to be informed about
7. Any known drug allergies are very important to know.
8. Lastly, if any investigations have been done: Any blood test, ultrasound, CT scan report should be mentioned too.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT EXAGGERATE YOUR SYMPTOMS TO GET UNDUE ATTENTION. We as doctors take all information seriously. If your symptoms are mild that does not mean that we will not take you seriously. Sometimes serious illness may have mild symptoms and not so serious diseases may have a lot of symptoms. Hence severity of symptoms can alter the clinical diagnosis. So inform about all problems, but just the way they are, for better assessment.
Gastric and acidity are the common problems which are heard very frequently by most of the people. Though these are not severe diseases, still they create an uncomfortable feeling for those who are suffering from these problems. Acidity and gastritis are the same where acidity means hyperacidity. It is a condition where the secretions of hydrochloric acid became excessive and only in the stomach which in turn leads to the irritation on the gastric lining.
Symptoms To Detect Gastritis:
To detect the condition of acidity or gastritis, these common symptoms will let the people identify.
How does Ayurveda help to treat acidity or gastritis?
In Ayurveda, this condition is known as Urdhva Amlapitta where ‘amla’ means sour and ‘pitta’ refers to the dosha of the same name. In this condition, the Pitta dosha (biohumor representing Fire and Water elements) whose seat is in the stomach and the digestive fire tends to over-secrete leading to acidity in the body.
Ayurveda is one of the ancient ways of treatments that helps the person to get cure from any disorders by natural methods, which also includes yoga and exercises. Ayurvedic treatment is just not limited to medicines, but also the physical activities that help in keeping body healthy and fit.
Ayurvedic treatment of Chronic Gastritis involves the reduction of aggravated body energies and the restoration of the digestive fire using cooling herbal preparations and Pitta-pacifying diet. Ayurvedic techniques of reducing tension and stress are also proven to be effective in treating this condition. Here are some of the popularly employed ayurvedic methods to treat gastritis and acidity problems.
Above mentioned are some of the remedies to prevent acidity or gastritis. Once there is a problem, then some medicines need to be taken along with Panchakarma procedures.
1. Virechana Karma - Medicated procedure of inducing loose motions to pacify the aggravated Pitta. This has amazing results in mitigating the symptoms of the disease.
2. Vasti Karma - Medicated oils, ghrtas or decoctions are administered through anal route. This pacifies the aggravated vata dosha and pitta dosha.
Ayurveda treatment has wonderful results in pacifying gastritis. If dinachara and rituchara principles are followed, gastritis and hyperacidity are avoided.
What causes abdominal pain?
Diagnosis of Abdominal pain: