Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Kidney Stones - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What are Kidney Stones?

A kidney stone is a crystalline and hard mineral material that gets formed within the kidney or in our urinary track. Kidney stones are a common cause of hematuria (blood in urine) and often cause severe pain in the abdomen, groin or in the flank. Kidney stones are also sometimes called renal calculi.

The condition of having a stone or multiple stones in the kidney is known as nephrolithiasis. However, having stones in other locations in the urinary track is known as urolithiasis.Any person can develop this disease, but people with certain diseases and conditions or people who take certain medications like calcium-containing antacids, diuretics and protease inhibitors are more susceptible to this disease.

This illness is more common in men than in women.

More about Kidney Stones :

Urinary stones, mostly develop in patients who are between 20-49 years and people who have suffered more than one attack of this illness are always prone to further stone development.Kidney stones are more common in residents of industrialized countries than bladder stones. Opposite of the same proves to be true for residents of the developing world, where stone in the bladder is most common. It is believed that dietary factors play a major role in creating this difference. Over the last few decades, it has been observed that incidents of developing kidney stones have increased, which is more likely related to the obesity epidemic around the globe.

People with chronically elevated uric acid levels are also more prone to the formation of uric acid related kidney stones. Pregnant women, though the numbers are few, at times develop kidney stones. Factors that may contribute to kidney stone formation during pregnancy includes a slowing of the passage of urine, due to decreasing bladder capacity because of the her enlarged uterus and increase in the progesterone levels in her body.

Often dehydration from reduced fluid intake, over time, leads to the formation of kidney stones.

Diagonsis :

Diagnosis of kidney stones is a controversial procedure. Usually to confirm the diagnosis of this illness, imaging tests are performed on the patients. In case of medical emergency non-contrast CT scans are done on the patients, since this can be done rapidly and it helps to rule out other causes for flank and abdominal pain.

However, in the recent times, as it is believed that CT scan exposes the patients to significantly more radiation, ultrasound scans along with plain abdominal X-ray is used for diagnosing kidney stones. When patients are put on medication, it has been observed that small stones pass out naturally through the urine. However, for larger stones (beyond 9-10mm) lithotripsy is done to break up the larger stones into small pieces, with the help of shock waves, so that they can pass out through the urinary system.

Can't be cured Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Sudden excruciating pain and cramp in lower back region or in the groin and abdomen. Nausea and vomiting. At times bloody urine. Fever and chills. Difficulty in urinating along with testicular or penile pain.

Popular Health Tips

Kidney Stones - Know How They Can Be Treated!

MCh Urology, DNB Urology, MS-General Surgery, MBBS, Diploma In Laproscopy & Urology, Basic & Advance Robotic Urology Training
Urologist, Delhi
Kidney Stones - Know How They Can Be Treated!

Treatment for kidney stones varies depending on the size and type of the stone or the symptoms caused by it. In case of small stones, medication and simple changes in lifestyle can be enough to treat it, but surgeries and extensive treatments are required if symptoms are severe. 

Following are treatment options for kidney stones:

Small stones with minimal symptoms 

  1. Drinking water: Drinking around 3 liters of water a day will regulate your urinary system and can effectively eliminate small stones. Unless your doctor advices otherwise, drinking ample amount of fluids, usually water, is one of the commonest way to get rid of small kidney stones. 
  2. Pain relievers: There might be a considerable amount of pain and discomfort associated with passing the stone through urine. Your doctor may recommend pain killers like Ibuprofen, Naproxen sodium or acetaminophen. 
  3. Medical therapy: In order to eliminate the kidney stone, your doctor may administer medical therapy. Medication like alpha blocker helps in passing the kidney stone with least pain and more quickly. It relaxes the muscles in the ureter and makes the process relatively easy. 

Large stones with severe symptoms 

  1. Using sound waves to break up stones: In this technique, a procedure called extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), is employed. ESWL uses the help of sound waves to create vibrations which breaks the stones in smaller pieces. This procedure takes about an hour and can cause mild pain and discomfort. Your doctor may administer sedatives to reduce your sensitivity. ESWL has side effects like blood in urine or bruising in the abdomen. 
  2. Surgical removal of kidney stones: Surgical removal of stones is done with the help of a procedure called nepholithotomy. It uses small telescopes and other instruments which are inserted in your back through a small incision. It is generally done in case of large stones and when ESWL fails. 
  3. Ureteric Calculi (Using a scope to remove stones): A thin illuminated tube called ureteroscope is used to remove a comparatively smaller stone in the kidney or ureter. The ureteroscope is equipped with a tiny camera which determines the location of the stone which is then broken into pieces with the help of other instruments. It may require general or regional anesthesia.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3205 people found this helpful

5 Effective Management Tips For Kidney Stones!

MCH-Urology
Urologist, Delhi
5 Effective Management Tips For Kidney Stones!

Having a stone in any organ of the body can be a harrowing experience but having a stone in your kidney is the most dreadful experience of the lot. The presence of a kidney stone causes excruciating pain in the host’s pelvic area, and if the stone enters the urinary tract of the host, the misery of the patient increases manifold. The urinary tract may also get jammed due to the presence of the stone, thereby causing problems in the urinary flow of the patient.

Ways to Manage a Kidney Stone-
Consulting a doctor is the first thing you should do when suffering from a situation such as a kidney stone. Doctors will provide the patients with medicines to curb their pain and improve their health. But, one can very well improve their condition by some of the basic home remedies as well. The most common home remedies a patient can act upon to manage a kidney stone in the best possible way are:

  1. Drinking Water- By drinking water in large amounts, the kidney stone starts to break down into smaller pieces, and the elements of the stone get diluted slowly. Ultimately, due to the dilution of the elements of the stone, the stones pass through with the urine of the patient. By drinking the water, you will be passing urine faster than the normal rate. As the stone enters the urinary tract, there are chances that the stone may be passed out while urinating.
  2. Watching Diet- Kidney stone patients should be a bit cautious with the food they consume. They should try and not have food which has high acid content. Low cholesterol levels need to be maintained, so if you want to prevent this from happening you need to cut down on fried and junk food.
  3. High Calcium Intake- Having food which has a high calcium content will help in flushing the stones out. The calcium will combine with oxalates and crystalize them, thereby enabling it to pass it through the urinary tract of the patient.
  4. High lemon consumption- Lemon juice is filled with citrates. Citrates can easily break up the kidney stones into minute particles and give it a Sandy texture. Citrate also helps in moving the stone in the right direction. You can drink lemon juice directly or mix it with warm water and then consume it.
  5. Apple cider vinegar- This again contains a high amount of citric acid which worked very efficiently in our body. It manages to set everything in place. You will be able to digest food in a better manner and will also reduce the pain. It will break down the stone and then pass it. Apple cider vinegar can be consumed with a warm glass of water mixed with one spoon of honey.

Kidney stones is a pretty common yet a serious condition, therefore one should not take it lightly and should consult a doctor as soon as possible. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

964 people found this helpful

4 Reasons Why An Ectopic Kidney May Kill You

DM - Nephrology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Medicine
Nephrologist, Gurgaon
4 Reasons Why An Ectopic Kidney May Kill You

Though it is well known that maintaining a healthy kidney becomes increasingly difficult over the years, there exists one particular kidney disorder that begins to affect the body very early on. Categorized as a genetic defect, an ectopic kidney refers to the misplacement of a kidney; it often occurs in the womb itself when the kidney somehow shifts upwards or crosses over to connect to the second kidney. Though an ectopic kidney may not be detected for a long time, it may lead to the onset of a number of fatal dysfunctions.

1. Urinary Tract Infection
Since one of the primary functions of the kidney involves clearing out waste products, an ectopic kidney could massively affect the process. Particularly, the flow of urine can be disrupted by the presence of an ectopic kidney as it will tend to retain the bacteria for far longer than is usual. If the urine remains in the system for too long, then it is subject to the development of a urinary tract infection. The symptoms of this may include painful urination, nausea and bouts of high fever.

2. Kidney Damage
Similarly, an ectopic kidney can also cause the urine to back up and invade the kidney region. This brings with a host of complications for the kidney and its standard functions. Though a single ectopic kidney may not lead to immediate kidney damage, the responsibilities for the other kidney doubles as it is subject to a greater load than usual. Should something happen to the other active kidney, your system may be under the threat of the much-dreaded kidney failure.

3. Kidney Stone
As one of the most common kidney disorders that continues to afflict major portions of populace year after year, a kidney stone is accompanied by a great deal of pain and discomfort. These stones are formed by means of substances such as calcium and oxalate that build up in your urinary tract. As an ectopic kidney has the tendency to interrupt the functioning of your urinary tract, the development of these urinary or kidney stones is much more likely.

4. Hydronephrosis
This particular disorder refers to the swelling of the kidney due to an over-saturation of urine. As an ectopic kidney proves more room for the bacterial substances in the urine, they tend to multiply and block the safe drainage of urine from the kidney to the bladder. It can also occur on part of blood clotting, pregnancy, kidney stones and various cancers or tumours.

The above reasons demonstrate the extent to which your body may be affected by an ectopic kidney so make sure you are able to detect it as soon as possible. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3194 people found this helpful

Kidney Stones - 5 Ways To Treat It!

MD, MBBS, FRCP - Nephrology
Nephrologist, Delhi
Kidney Stones - 5 Ways To Treat It!

Kidney stones are also known as renal calculi and can be found not only in the kidneys but anywhere in the urinary tract such as the ureters, urinary bladder and the urethra. Kidney stones are solid masses of crystals or minerals and salts. These crystals can vary according to size and even shape. The stones are formed when the waste salts and minerals in the urine accumulate and form a solid mass. They get stuck in the urinary tract and result in a very painful condition. Kidney stones normally do not create too much problem unless they get blocked in the passage of urine. Treatment options depend upon the size of the stone. Small calculi pass easily through urine by consuming plenty of water. Larger stones require treatment; whether it is only medication or surgery depends on the severity of the condition.

Following are 5 ways to treat kidney stones:

  1. Medication: Medication is used to relieve pain and also help in easy passage of the stones. Medication using alpha adrenergic blockers and calcium channel blockers are normally prescribed as they provide faster clearance rates for the stones. But medication is effective only for stones that have diameters ranging from 4mm to 10mm. Medication using anti-emetic drugs is useful against nausea caused due to kidney stones.
  2. Open surgery: Kidney stone removal by open surgery is not very common and is recommended only when the stone is very large or there is any abnormality in anatomy. By open surgery the stone is removed from the ureter or the kidney, wherever it gets stuck.
  3. Ureteroscopy: Ureteroscopy is done to remove stones stuck in the ureter. In this procedure, a thin tube is passed from the urethra into the urinary bladder and then into the ureter near the stone which is stuck. The stone is removed either using a laser energy or by another instrument. The procedure is done while the patient is under general anaesthesia. Sometimes a temporary plastic tube may be inserted into the ureter to drain out the stone fragments (as done by laser energy) into the bladder.
  4. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL): PCNL is a procedure wherein larger stones are plucked out from anywhere in the kidney where they are stuck with the help of an instrument called nephroscope. The larger sized stones are first broken down using pneumatic or laser energy and then pulled out using the telescopic instrument.
  5. Home remedies: The first step towards naturally flushing out small stones from the kidneys is drinking plenty of water. At least 10-12 glasses of water must be consumed every day to flush out the stones. Other natural remedies for flushing stones out of the system are lemon juice squeezed in water, basil juice mixed in tea, apple cider vinegar stirred in water, pomegranate juice, kidney bean broth etc.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2637 people found this helpful

Kidney Stones - What Is The Possible Course Of Treatment?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Delhi
Kidney Stones - What Is The Possible Course Of Treatment?

You must be aware of renal stones more commonly known as kidney stones as it is a widely known condition that is common among men and women in the age bracket of 30 to 60. To gain an insight into these small hard deposits that are formed in the kidneys, which cause pain when they pass through the urine read on.

How do you know if you have renal stones?
This could be a tough question to answer in a straightforward manner because experiencing any signs of renal stones is very unlikely until it they start moving around within the kidney or pass in the tube that connects the bladder with the kidney. At this point some of the most common symptoms of renal stones are, pain radiating to the groin and lower abdomen, severe pain in the back and a side portion of the bell, right below the ribs, pain during urination, vomiting, and nausea. In case there's a presence of an infection, chills, and fever may also be evident.

What are the types?
Depending on the crystals that the renal stones are made of, there are four different types of kidney stones, namely, cysteine, uric acid, struvite, and calcium. While calcium renal stones are the most common in people, cysteine renal stones are quite rare. And it is the uric acid stones that are more common in men and the struvites that are mostly found in women who have urinary tract infections.

What are the probable factors that cause the issue?
No definite reason has been found for causing renal stones. However, there are a number of factors that are considered to increase the risk of developing kidney stones, including not drinking enough water, taking certain medications, or having a medical condition that is responsible for increasing the levels of certain substances in urine.

What is the possible course of action?
When the kidney stones are diagnosed in their early stages when they are still small, they can be easily passed in the urine with the help of certain medications. But when the renal stones are found to be large ones, either surgical removal or breaking them up with the help of laser energy or ultrasound may be the only way of getting rid of them.

Remember, there is no straight formula to avoid developing renal stones. However, there are indeed a few factors associated with it by controlling which you can reduce the risks of suffering from renal stones, such as, controlling your weight, staying hydrated and eating healthy. Visit your nearest nephrology specialist right away in case you experience any of the renal stone symptoms as early detection is essential for avoiding surgical treatment.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1929 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello Doctor, I have 6 Kidney stones 3 each in both kidneys. The largest one is 4.6 mm and all other 5 are below 3 mm. Should I treat it with Homeopathy, Ayurveda or Allopathy medicine. Is Himalaya Cystone tablet effective.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Genito Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Ludhiana
These are small stones which does not require any treatment. Drink 3_4 ltrs of fluid per day they should pass out. Customer you can take but ther is no scientific basis in allopathy to give it.
2 people found this helpful

I am 58, am suffering from gout, atrial fibrillation, diabetes, hypertension and am on medication for the above. I am having 4 to 5 kidney stones 5 to 6 mm. Previously about 2 years back I had taken Ayurvedic medicine and my stones had gone away. But again they are there as I have mentioned. Also my creatinine levels remain high i.e. About 1.5 to 1.9. Can you suggest me some medicine for keeping creatinine to normal range.

MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Hello dear Lybrate user, Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query thoroughly. Require basic steps to follow - drink plenty of liquids - control of blood sugar, bp, cholesterol levels - regular walk, exercises - avoid smoking or alcohol if using - medications to dissolve the stone early - regular check over the creatnine Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance at my private URL https://www.Lybrate.com/gandhinagar/doctor/dr-bhagyesh-patel-general-surgeon Regards take care.
1 person found this helpful

Is their any side effects of kegel exercise. And why the stones are formed in kidney. Is their any relationship between those.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Genito Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Ludhiana
There are no side effects of kegels exercise. There are multiple reasons for stone formation but most importantly decreased fluid intake has the major role.
1 person found this helpful

Hi doctor, I had fever on 13th and 14th of May, then on 15th no fever but I observed 2 drops of blood from urine. I had blood test for uric acid, urea, BUN, creatinine, Calcium, phosphate, sodium, which all was normal. I showed a general physician, he asked me to have usg and urinalysis, usg showed everything normal with distended gall bladder and urinary bladder. I am having pain while urinating at the tip of glans since last 4 days but it has increased since last 24 hours. urinalysis reports have not come yet. Is it kidney stones or urinary tract infection? Doctor has given me nifty sr 100 for 7 days. Should I start it?

MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Hello dear Lybrate user, hi Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query thoroughly. This is urinary tract infection Needs antibiotic to cure it, start the nifty sr 100 drink more liquids Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance at my private URL https://www.Lybrate.com/gandhinagar/doctor/dr-bhagyesh-patel-general-surgeon Regards take care
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What are Kidney Stones?

More about Kidney Stones :

Diagonsis :

Play video
How To Protect Your Kidneys And Keep Them Healthy?
Taking care of kidneys is a worthwhile goal and this certainly requires making the necessary changes to protect these vital organs. Healthy kidneys play a vital role in eliminating waste products, regulating blood pressure and so on. It becomes all the more important to protect your kidneys to avoid any consequences.
Play video
How Do Kidney Stones Form?
Hi!

I m Dr. Tanuj Paul Bhatia, senior consultant of urology at Sarvodya hospital, Faridabad.

So I will discuss what is urology? And mainly about kidney stones today. Urology is a branch of medicine which deals with male and female urinary tract and male reproductive organs. Basically in this we deal with the kidneys, where it is formed and then it comes to ureter and through the ureter it comes to the bladder and then it does empties through urethra and comes out of the body. So this is our entire urinary system and the diseases of this entire system is dealt by urologist i.e. us. So when we come to kidney stones we know that kidney stone is a very common disease, it is highly prevalent in almost whole of entire north India and states like Punjab, Haryana, Delhi and Rajasthan. They form part of stone built of India and stone built of the world. That is mainly because in this regions the temperatures are very high mainly due to summers and water consumption is not enough and most of the people tend to be dehydrated which is also occurring in the formation of kidney stones. Now if we come to etiology of kidney stone that is why our kidneys stones formed? In some people it is because the condition is genetic, they have parents or grandparents who were the stone former so the genes are passed on and they have the tendency of formation of stones. Sometimes there are patients who have other diseases which can lead to stone formation or sometimes during treatment e.g. some forms of bilateral surgery or excessive dieting can also lead to the formation of kidney stones most of the patients, however, do not have a specific reason of stone formation and they are etiologic stone formers. When it comes to symptoms of kidney stones, most common symptoms of kidney stone is pain and the pain is very typical, patients usually typically complain of back pain which rotates either from back to front or lower part of abdomen or from lower part of abdomen to the back. And sometimes male can experience pain in the scrotum and females can experience pain in the vulva region as well because of the kidney stone when they are obstructing. Having said that it is rather ironical sometimes bigger stones can actually be asymptomatic and detect on investigations done on the other purposes. So when it comes to diagnosis of kidney stones most useful entity to us for diagnosis is ultrasound.

Ultrasound is a non-invasive test and it offers them as a screening test. For urologist it is a examination of a clinical examination, it is the extension of the clinical examination. So most of the times stones are identified on ultrasound and when required we do the CT scan to further confirm the size and location of kidney stone as well as the density i.e. how hard is that stone. And these tool examination mainly form are basic outcomes. So when it comes to treatment of kidney stones the treatment of kidney stones depends on the size of the kidney stones, the location of the kidney stones and whether it is causing any complications. So when we talk about size it has been seen in most of the studies that stones that are lesser than 6mm have good chance of passing out by itself. So we always try conservative approach for these patients and we keep them on medications. Most of the patients that is about 80-90% of the patients who develop the pain due to stones have small stones and they do not require any surgery and they will pass out the stones with themselves with some additional medicines which will keep them pain free and their ureter to relax and in turn helps the stone to pass out themselves. When the stones is bigger than 6mm the chances of passing out spontaneously decrease. As the sizes increases further the chances decreases further. Similarly if the stone is tuck in the upper part of the urinary tract the chances of passing out spontaneously are less however if the stone is tuck in the lower part of urinary tract the chances of passing spontaneously is good. So third thing is complications, so whenever there is stone and it is causing recurrent urinary tract infection or it is causing fever or it is cause disengagement of the renal functions then it requires urgent treatment and it has to be removed. When we talk about surgeries of kidney stone there are different types of surgeries. So when the stone is in the kidney itself basically we can do 3 types of surgeries. One is ESWL or lithotripsy. In ESWL the patient is made to lie on a bed and some shock waves are applied to this part of the abdomen and they help the stones to break. However disadvantages of ESWL is that the success rate is relatively poor when compared to other modalities and they usually requires repetition.

So then came the era of PCNL. PCNL is the procedure which is called as percutaneous nephrolithotomy. In this the hole is made at the back and into the kidney and endoscope is passed into the kidney and stone is broken and removed. So it is a very good techniques but nowadays it is prefer only for very large stones and the latest technique in treatment of kidney stones is RIRS which is retrograde intrarenal surgery. In RIRS we basically go through a normal urinary tract and that is we go through the urethra up into the bladder and through the ureter we go into the kidney. And with this flexible urethroscope we break the stone there and there in the kidney itself, we make it into a very fine dust like substance and then we put it in a stand and come out. So most of the time this dust clears has ureter dilates because of the strand. However it has its own limitations specially when there is a very large stone e.g. stones larger than 2cm you may require multiple sitting of RIRS but for stones less than 2cm RIRS is now the preferred procedure. It is also preferred when the kidney is located in the abnormal position like in the pelvis or it is the malrotated kidney because when the kidney becomes difficult to approach via other modalities and but flexible endoscopy or RIRS we can reach it and we can break the stone then and there. When it comes to stone in ureter there are 2 modalities that are used to treat.1 is ureteroscopy which is a straight reject stereoscope and it is used to access the ureter and the stone is broken and removed. When the stone is in the upper part of kidney again there is a high chance of reproduction. Retrobuction is passing out the stone back into the kidney so if it is going back into the kidney the advantages of RIRS comes in, we can pass the flexible ureteroscope through the same route going into the kidney and break the stone which is retro pass back into the kidney. When it comes to bladder stones there are 3 procedures which are done one is cystolitholapaxy, then cystolithotripsy, and percutaneous cystolithotripsy. It depends on the size of the stone that which procedure will be done. If the stone is not very big it can be crush using a special forceps which is called as cystolitholapaxy. If the stone is between 1-5 cm then it can be broken through the normal urinary tract to transvaginal cystolithotripsy. If the stone is very big a small tract is made in the upper pelvic area and the stone is fragmented and removed.

Thank you!
Play video
Stones: Remedies To Dissolve Kidney Stones
I am Dr Waheed Zaman principal consultant neurology and renal transplant Max Shalimar Bagh and Max Pitampura. I have got clinic in Rohini Sector 13 that is Care Multispeciality Clinic and we are dealing complete urology specially pertaining to all urology problems specially stone disease, prostate problem then genitals urinary tract, cancers we are dealing, then infertility and about the importance and male infertility specially we are doing in our centres and my main topic of interest is renal transplant.

I have got experience of more than 1000 transplant and I am very much interested and I helped in people, I have given many lectures for cadaveric transplant and we try to promote it. But today I am discussing on different topics that is stone disease, this is very common in India, especially in North India. We get large number of kidney stone patient they usually present with the brain in emergency with a flying plane, radiating down, blood in urine and majority of the times in emergency severe colic pain. So immediately we give pain Killers, we settle this patient and we ask for ultrasound, urine test and kidney function test. On Ultrasound majority of the stones can be detected or indirect evidences maybe there are life dilatation of the kidney, kidney me sujan ho sakta hai or yadi doubt ho toh definitely hum log CT-SCAN karate hain, plain CT-SCAN se 99% stone detect kiya Ja sakta hai. Ek bar stone detect hua phir uske size pe cocern hota hai, jaise general public mein thinking hoti hai ki sab stone nikal jate hain dawai se ya pani se, yeh sahi nahi hai yadi aap dekhenge ki char millimeter se kam size ke jo stone hote hain almost 80 to 90% nikal sakte hain medicine pani se, mainly pani se aap nariyal pani le, pani piye kafi aur nimbu pani, shikanji yeh 3 apne indian drinks jo hain woh best drinks maane jaate hain, wo chote stone ko aaram se flush kar deta hai. 4 se 7 millimeter ke jo stone hote hain almost 50-50 chance hota hai nikalne ka, 7 millimeter se 10 millimeter ka jo stone hota hai around 10 to 20% chance hai or 8 centimetres se jayada 10 percemt se bhi kum chance hota hai ki nikale, par hamare log jayadatar yehi galat dharna bani rehti hai ki nai medicine se sab nikal jayega even ek-daid centimetre ka stone nikal jayega, yeh commonly hamhe OPD main kuch log puchte bhi hain log, sir aap toh medicine do bade se bade stone mein aur galado usko. Aise stone bahut kum hai jo medicine se galte hain specific uric acid stone wagairah hote hain, jo aur excess pani peene se chhote stone to niklenge hee, definitely. Ab ek baar yadi diagnosis ho gaya ki stone kis level pe hai kidney mein kya changes ho rahi hai yadi back pressure changes jyada hai kidney even phat jati hai itna back pressure rehta hai, infection ho jata hai, bleeding hoti hai, toh aise condition bukhar rehta hai infection ki wajah se, toh hum patient ko salah dete hain ki better hai aap operation ki ke liye jaiye aur wait mat kariye. Kyunki yadi do hafte se jyada yadi kidney block rehti hai stone ki wajah se toh reversible kidney damage start ho jata hai. So we have to be very careful, very judicious, listen to your doctor and there are many myths associated with the kidney stone disease, so try to be more judicious. Kidney stone nikalne ki kai padhatian aajkal adhunik lithotripsy ho sakti hai par ab utni popular nahi rahi hai, uske alawa ureteroscopy hai jisse ureter ke stone nikale ja sakta hain. Kidney stone hum log keyhole surgery se karte hain PCNL, mini PCNL techniques hain, aur aaj kal jo latest aagaya RIRS, that is Retrograde Internal Surgery, aaram se hum log peshab ke raste se hi bahut hi patle sukshm yantra aagye hain jisko flexible urteroscope bolte hain, woh peshab ke raste se bladder hote huye ureter or wahan se kidney per pahunchte hain, aur aise even ded-do centimetre ke stone hum log laser se tod sakte hain, aur ekdum dhul ke kann jaise ho jate hain aur woh peshab ke sath nikal jate hain. Bade kann hum log retreat karte hain, uska stone analysis karte hain aur based on that hum log ye plan karte hain ki aage kya treatment diya jaye. So iska follow-up bahut zaroori hai ek baar kisi ko stone banna hai to 70% chance hai ki dubara banega apna lifestyle change kijiye, salt kam le, fast food kam kare, pepsi wagera bilkul minimum karde, it is full of obsolete chai kam kare, coffee kam kare, chocolate band kare aur pani jyada piyen din mein barah se pandrah glass pani peena chahiye, shkanji piye, ek nimbu daily piye, shikanji uska istemal kare uske alawah anaras hai, kele hain inka sevan kare, karele ki sabji zaroor le isse kidney swasth rehti hai, kuch fruits hain jaise especially maine bataya banana and pineapple yeh kafi useful hota hai, jo sabjiya kam leni hai umne bhindi hai, baingun hai, gobhi, palak inka kam kare istemal band nahi karna hai. Sabse badi dawa pani hai, pani piye one lemon day keeps the stone away , aur iska sahi upchar kare otherwise kidney stone may lead to kidney failure even. So aap bade sachet rahey issme, doctor ki sune mein baar baar request karta hoon, hum log daily yrh a problem face karte hain hum log sahi salah denge aapko koi misguide nahi karta hai, yddi kidney damage ho raha hai toh definitely intervene hona chahiye otherwise medical management bhi possible hai chote stone ke liye.

Dhanyavad.
Play video
Know More About Kidney Stones
Ways to treat Kidney stones
Play video
Urological Diseases
Good Morning!

I am Dr. Vikas Agarwal. I am senior consultant and head at VPS Rockland group of hospitals situated at Manesar, Dwarka and Qutub. In my department, we are doing all kind of Urology and kidney transplant related diseases.

If we talk about urology. Urology means all disease related to kidney. Ureter, bladder, prostate in which the most common is kidney stone. In our day to day practice, many of patients in our OPD are coming for kidney stone. And in the surrounding area also we are having so many patients of kidney stones. We offer, as a urologist at VPS Rockland hospital, the minimal invasive way to treat kidney disease, kidney stones. In which the most common technique is the PCNL and RIRS in which we break the kidney stone with the laser and patient can go home from the next day of the admission, so this is the minimal invasive way to treat the stone worldwide, this is the standard treatment and we offer dedicated urology team and latest laser technology and equipment s for kidney stone at VPS Rockland hospital, Manesar. If we come across another common disease that is enlarged prostate disease in which the patient usually complains of difficulty in passing urine having burning maturation, poor flow and in night he has to wake. So at the age of 50 and above, the prostate glands starts increasing and he diagnose with simple uroflowmetry test and ultrasound, the prostate disease and we offer to our patient the minimal invasive against the TORP or the laser prostate surgery and with minimal complication and patient can go home next day of the surgery. Next focus is our on urology department at VPS Rockland hospital, we do all kind of kidney cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, treatment and possibly with the laparoscopic technique which gives all the benefits of the patient, early out of bed, minimal scar, and good cosmetics. Our main focus is to now the kidney transplant program at VPS Rockland hospital as we know in kidney; the most common cause of kidney failure is diabetes and hypertension which is very much prevalent in our society. The patients who came for end state renal disease, the dialysis or the kidney transplant are the two options. But because of lack of the donor many patients do not get the kidney. So they are dependent on dialysis, but if they got a chance to have a donor , kidney transplant is a definitive, more successful operation and we at VPS Rockland hospital offer to the patient with laparoscopic donor nephrectomy in which the donor is operated through the laparoscopic technique and all kind of complicated kidney transplant including ABO incompatible kidney transplant, swap transplant, cross match positive transplant, we are doing at VPS Rockland hospital. The other group of patients in urology we treat with the reconstructed urology. In which the patient has cut off the fistulas of the urinary tract after any gynecology surgery so we treat with laparoscopic pyeloplasty, laparoscopic reimplantation, laparoscopic ureterectomy, so we at VPS rockland hospital have dedicated urology team, dedicated urology suit and all equipment s to deal with laparoscopic and laser technology of urology.

I am Dr. Vikas Agarwal. Wish you good health. Thank you.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice