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Kidney Stones - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

A kidney stone is a crystalline and hard mineral material that gets formed within the kidney or in our urinary track. Kidney stones are a common cause of hematuria (blood in urine) and often cause severe pain in the abdomen, groin or in the flank. Kidney stones are also sometimes called renal calculi.

The condition of having a stone or multiple stones in the kidney is known as nephrolithiasis. However, having stones in other locations in the urinary track is known as urolithiasis. Any person can develop this disease, but people with certain diseases and conditions or people who take certain medications like calcium-containing antacids, diuretics and protease inhibitors are more susceptible to this disease.

This illness is more common in men than in women.

Urinary stones, mostly develop in patients who are between 20-49 years and people who have suffered more than one attack of this illness are always prone to further stone development. Kidney stones are more common in residents of industrialized countries than bladder stones. Opposite of the same proves to be true for residents of the developing world, where stone in the bladder is most common. It is believed that dietary factors play a major role in creating this difference. Over the last few decades, it has been observed that incidents of developing kidney stones have increased, which is more likely related to the obesity epidemic around the globe.

People with chronically elevated uric acid levels are also more prone to the formation of uric acid related kidney stones. Pregnant women, though the numbers are few, at times develop kidney stones. Factors that may contribute to kidney stone formation during pregnancy includes a slowing of the passage of urine, due to decreasing bladder capacity because of the her enlarged uterus and increase in the progesterone levels in her body.

Often dehydration from reduced fluid intake, over time, leads to the formation of kidney stones.

Diagnosis of kidney stones is a controversial procedure. Usually to confirm the diagnosis of this illness, imaging tests are performed on the patients. In case of medical emergency non-contrast CT scans are done on the patients, since this can be done rapidly and it helps to rule out other causes for flank and abdominal pain.

However, in the recent times, as it is believed that CT scan exposes the patients to significantly more radiation, ultrasound scans along with plain abdominal X-ray is used for diagnosing kidney stones. When patients are put on medication, it has been observed that small stones pass out naturally through the urine. However, for larger stones (beyond 9-10mm) lithotripsy is done to break up the larger stones into small pieces, with the help of shock waves, so that they can pass out through the urinary system.

Can't be cured Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Sudden excruciating pain and cramp in lower back region or in the groin and abdomen. Nausea and vomiting. At times bloody urine. Fever and chills. Difficulty in urinating along with testicular or penile pain.

Popular Health Tips

Large Stones - How They Can Be Treated?

Dr. Suraj Lunavat 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Pune
Large Stones - How They Can Be Treated?
A kidney stone may not be as big as the stones in your garden, but can be quite a pain. Kidney stones are actually mineral crystals that are usually a combination of calcium and phosphates. The size of a kidney stone ranges from the size of a sugar crystal to a ping pong ball. Following are treatment options for kidney stones: 1. Pain relievers - There might be a considerable amount of pain and discomfort associated with passing the stone through urine. Your doctor may recommend pain killers like Ibuprofen, Naproxen sodium or acetaminophen. 2. Drinking water - Drinking around 3 liters of water a day will regulate your urinary system and can effectively eliminate small stones. Unless your doctor advices otherwise, drinking ample amount of fluids, usually water, is one of the commonest way to get rid of small kidney stones. 3. Medical therapy - In order to eliminate the kidney stone, your doctor may administer medical therapy. Medication like alpha blocker helps in passing the kidney stone with least pain and more quickly. It relaxes the muscles in the ureter and makes the process relatively easy. Large stones with severe symptoms: 1. Surgical removal of kidney stones Surgical removal of stones is done with the help of a procedure called nephrolithotomy. It uses small telescopes and other instruments which are inserted in your back through a small incision. It is generally done in case of large stones and when ESWL fails. 2. Using sound waves to break up stones In this technique, a procedure called Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL), is employed. ESWL uses the help of sound waves to create vibrations which breaks the stones in smaller pieces. This procedure takes about an hour and can cause mild pain and discomfort. Your doctor may administer sedatives to reduce your sensitivity. ESWL has side effects like blood in urine or bruising in the abdomen.
2 people found this helpful

3 Simple Ways You Can Prevent Kidney Stones

Dr. Kinker. Mrinal 84% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Kota
3 Simple Ways You Can Prevent Kidney Stones
We have all heard about the pain of passing a kidney stone and those who ve experienced it never want to go through it again. Fortunately, there are steps you can take to help prevent this common disorder of the urinary tract. To prevent kidney stones: Drink plenty of water. Remember, dehydration is one of the primary causes of kidney stones. On warmer days, when it s easier to get dehydrated, up your fluid intake. Active people should drink at least 16- 20 ounces of fluid one to two hours before an outdoor activity. Overall, drink 60 64 ounces each day. Signs of dehydration include fatigue, loss of appetite, flushed skin, heat intolerance, light-headedness, dark-colored urine and dry cough. Limit sodium. This will cut down on the amount of calcium in your urine, which in turn reduces the tendency for calcium stones to form. Perhaps, you stop adding additional salt to your food. Another way to limit sodium is to avoid processed meats, salty convenience foods (regular, boxed or canned soups, noodle or rice mixes) and salty snacks. Eat more citrus. You want to consume foods rich in citrates, including oranges, melons, lemons and limes. Kidney stones are also more common in those with a family history, or those who have already had one.
4 people found this helpful

Kidney Stones

Dr. Shriganesh Diliprao Deshmukh 91% (1272 ratings)
International Academy of Classical Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Kidney Stones
Hello friends today we will discuss about on kidney stones problem commonly seen Kidney stones or renal calculi (गुर्दे की पथरी) often refers to stones in the urinary system. These are actually hard deposits or minerals that form anywhere in the urinary system ie the kidney or the bladder or the urethra. These are formed when the urine becomes too concentrated. Causes Symptoms and signs you easily got online so I wil directly go to main point i. E. Treatment What is difference in homoeopathic treatment and other treatment in k. Stones I mean to say why should patient take our treatment Below are some points 1) In our pathy we not only treat stones but also tendency of stone formation is decreased up to more than 80 to 90 % 2) Patients can do his or her daily routine while treatment is going no admission or procedure needed 3) Off course no side effects 4) As compare to operation and all anaesthesia bad effects and all cost wise it's better treatment.
2 people found this helpful

Kidney Stones

Dr. Sachin Singh 89% (35 ratings)
Ayurveda, Thane
Kidney Stones
Avoiding Kidney Stone: Have at least 4 litre of water daily Reduce intake of meat Reduce intake if milk product
1 person found this helpful

Large Kidney Stones - 5 Treatment Methods

Dr. Udai Singh 95% (462 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology
Urologist, Jaipur
Large Kidney Stones - 5 Treatment Methods
A kidney stone may not be as big as the stones in your garden, but can be quite a pain. Kidney stones are actually mineral crystals that are usually a combination of calcium and phosphates. The size of a kidney stone ranges from the size of a sugar crystal to a ping pong ball. While some kidney stones pass out of the body along with urine, others can block the urethra and become painful. In addition to being painful, a kidney stone can cause permanent damage to your kidneys. Since large kidney stones are usually painful, they rarely go undiagnosed. However, if a kidney stone is left untreated, it could cause the kidney to atrophy and lower the functionality of the kidney. Kidney stones that are related to an infection can also lead to chronic urinary tract infections and damage the kidney through scarring and inflammation. This could eventually lead to kidney failure. Not all kidney stones need to be treated with surgery. If the kidney stone is very small, your doctor may prescribe plenty of water and medication to treat the pain. With plenty of water, you should be able to pass the stone in your urine. Ideally, you should take plenty of rest until the stone is passed. Larger kidney stones may need you to be hospitalized for treatment. These are: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL): To begin this of treatment, a painkiller is administered. Ultrasonic waves are used to determine the location of the kidney stone. Shock waves are then passed through the kidney stone to break it into smaller pieces, which can then pass out of the body through urine. Ureteroscopy: This is also called retrograde intrarenal surgery and is performed when the kidney stone is stuck in the ureter. A ureteroscope is passed through the urethra and bladder into the ureter. Laser energy may then be used to break the stone into smaller pieces to unblock the ureter. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL): This surgery is performed under general anesthesia. It involves a small incision being made in the back and a nephroscope passed into the kidney through it. Laser or pneumatic energy is then used to break up the stone into smaller pieces and pull them out. Open surgery: Open surgery is performed only in the case of an abnormally large stone or abnormal anatomy of the person. An incision is made in the back that allows the doctor to access the kidney and manually remove the stone. Retrograde intrarenal surgery: In RIRS, the scope is placed through the urethra (the urinary opening) into the bladder and then through the ureter into the urine-collecting part of the kidney. The scope thus is moved retrograde (up the urinary tract system) to within the kidney (intrarenal). RIRS may be done to remove a stone.
2015 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I have stone in left urethra 5.2 can you I remove it by natural way or by operation. .In report it is left lower ureteric calculus with resultant mild back pressure changes. Left renal calculi calculi.

Dr. S Sriram 90% (58 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MCh Urology
Urologist, Hyderabad
Respected Sir 1.You are having a left lower ureteric calculus of size 5.2 mm. 2.stones of that size usually pass out spontaneously, given adequate time. 3.Please drink plenty of oral fluids, around 2.5 to 3 litres / day. 4.Try straining at the end of urination each time, which might assist in expelling the stone out. 5.please get yourself evaluated again after 2 weeks to confirm the expulsion of the calculus. Hope this helps Thanks.

I am 28 and had kidney stones before 3 months but now u/s shows grade 1 prostate is this could happen in so early stage.

Dr. S Sriram 90% (58 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MCh Urology
Urologist, Hyderabad
Ultrasound is an observer dependent study. Although it gives an approximate estimation of prostate size, merely the size of the prostate doesn`t determine management. As long as you do not have any symptoms related to prostate like increased frequency of urination, urgency,nocturia, hesitancy,intermittent stream of urine, straining at urination, nothing needs to be worried about. Anyways you are only 28 years old, and the symptoms of prostate enlargement usually start appearing from the age of early 40`s. Please do not worry, and please take adequate precautions to prevent the recurrence of the kidney stones. Hope this helps Thanks.

I have 4 stone in my left kidney. 15, 20 22 size of stone in mm. And I have already a kidney surgery for stone illness before one year ago. But I have facing the same problem again.

Dr. N S S Gauri 94% (8331 ratings)
Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Ayurveda, Kanpur
Basant kusumakar ras 125 mg twice a day gokshuradi awleh 5 gm twice a day pathreena kawach 2 capsule twice a day.
3 people found this helpful

Dear Lybrate my sister is suffering from stone in kidney since 6 years .Kindly suggest what should be the remedy for this.

Dr. Hiral Kumar 91% (766 ratings)
Homeopath, Ahmedabad
For stone homoeopathic treatment is best .berberis vulgaris mothe tincture and hydrangea mother tincture useful to remove stone. If you want better treatment .you can take online consultation.

Health Quizzes

Kidney Stones - Interesting Things About It!

Urologist, Mohali
Kidney stones can pass without showing any symptoms?. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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What do you know about Kidney Stones?

Dr. Mandeep Phukan 90% (42 ratings)
M.Ch - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Guwahati
Kidney stones can pass without any telltale sign. True or false. Take this quiz to know more.
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