Edema or swelling occurs when a large amount of fluid accumulates in any part of the body. Body parts can also swell from injury or inflammation. This puffiness occurs in different areas of the body like skin, especially on the hands, arms, ankles, legs, and feet. However, it can also affect the muscles, bowels, lungs, eyes, and brain. Depending on the location and cause, swelling can be of various types viz peripheral edema, pedal edema etc.
Symptoms of edema or swelling depends on the amount of swelling and location of the swell. Small area inflammations, like that from a mosquito bite do not have any specific symptoms. Otherwise a large allergic reaction like one from a bee sting will cause pain and limit arm movement. Pedal edema, specially due to fluid accumulation, can make the legs heavier and restrict locomotion. People with pulmonary edema or swelling will run out if oxygen, feel breathlessness and show low oxygen level in the blood. Other symptoms include pits on skin, abnormal size etc.
Treatment of swelling will depend on the cause of the same. Any tumor or abscess can be removed by surgery and thus, swelling can be removed. In case the cause cannot be removed by surgical operations, Doctors may use radiation or chemotherapy to shrink the swelling. Medicinal drugs are also used to provide relief from the pain and lower the swelling. Itching and swelling caused by rashes or hives can also be cured by the use of antihistamines. Also, creams and lotions can be used on doctor advice.
In order to treat the symptoms of swelling, the doctor will first perform some physical tests to determine the root cause. He will prescribe tests like blood tests, urinalysis, imaging test, such as an ultrasound, CT scan or MRI, an X-ray, an electrocardiogram et cetera to know the real cause behind the swelling.
After diagnosis, doctors direct the treatment on the basis of the cause. For instance, the physician may prescribe diuretics if the swelling is caused by a medical condition such as congestive heart failure. If medical condition such as rheumatoid arthritis is the cause behind swelling, then treatment mainly involves management and prevention of the condition. If this be managed and cured, swelling automatically diminishes. Swelling or edema which is caused due to injuries will require treatment of the root cause. This may involve bone resetting, a cast, or surgery to repair the injured area. Swelling due to tumor or abscess will require surgical operations to remove it and then lessen the swelling. If the location and size of the tumor be such that it can not be removed by surgery, then doctors use chemotherapy or radiation therapy to shrink it. pain reliever like ibuprofen or naproxen sodium are also prescribed when the swelling is painful. Apart from this, topical medications and antihistamines are also used to relieve inflammation or swelling. Also, ample rest with other techniques may be used to cure swelling. Minor swellings go away on its own and thus, do not need any medical treatment.
People should seek immediate medical assistance or care if there be signs of a blood clot, such as, Pain and redness in the knee, thigh, calf, or groin. There can also be other signs like fever, increased pain, swelling, warmth, or redness and pus secretion from those parts. Any recurring chest pain, shortness of breath and pedal swelling that does not fade away should be shown to a doctor without delay.
Any person with no severe symptoms of swelling do not need to consult a doctor. For instance, swelling and redness caused by an ant bite will go away after some time. This does not require special medical care. Also, people may at times find their legs swollen when sitting for a long time. If this goes away after some time, then there is no need to visit a doctor. Also, temporary breathlessness and panting due to some hectic work will go away itself. In such instances, people do not need any medical treatment or care.
There are certain side effects of the treatment of swelling or edema. When radiation therapy or chemotherapy is used, patients tend to develop counter effects besides removal of the cause of swelling. Chemotherapy can cause hair fall, vomiting etc. Radiation therapy can cause skin irritation, fatigue, nausea and vomiting bowel incontinence and the inability to control bowel movements. Surgical operations, if not done carefully, can leave behind part of the tumor. This can later on cause greater complications, including secondary cancer. Use of antihistamines is also known to have some side effects in people.
After treatment, it is important to follow doctor’s advices meticulously. Regular exercises will help shrink the swell faster. Also, using cold compression and massage or physical therapy can be helpful. Patients must take care and be cautious. If any signs or symptoms of swelling recur, they should immediately consult the doctor again.
Any minor swelling, such as those caused by ant bites, fade away in few hours or one or two days. Minor other swells take around three days to a week’s duration to heal. Swells which are treated by surgical operations get cured after the treatment. Otherwise, application of cold supress and other methods to shrink the swell takes around a week’s time to go away completely. Swells caused due to major reasons, like kidney problems or breathing issues, take a little longer time, approximately months to cure.
Treatment cost of swelling varies hugely. Minor swells which can be cured with just medicines and topical ointments are inexpensive while those which include surgeries are more costly. General consultation fees vary from place to place and individuals, approximating Rs. 500 /-. Cost for surgeries like chemotherapy and radiation therapy can be huge, near about Rs 5,00,000 or even more.
Treatment for swelling or edema is mostly permanent. Surgeries and non surgical methods to treat swell cure the main cause and in most cases, these do not recur. However, sometimes, if part of the tumor remains in the body even after surgery, then it may swell back again with greater complications. Signs and symptoms, if found to recur, should be met with a doctor.
Swelling caused due to major issues, like that of kidney issues or cardiac issues do not have any alternative remedy apart from the routine medical treatment. But, minor swells, like those caused due to sprain, can be cured by home remedies. The injured and swelled portion must be kept at rest, and elevated to avoid further puffiness. It should be given cold or ice compression. Intake of magnesium supplements and lowering sodium content will aid to heal the swells faster. Taking Epsom salt bath or soaking the injured swelled region in a tonic bath will prevent further swelling.
Rs 500- Rs 5,00,000 /-
The skin is the largest organ in the human body and has various functions as listed below.
Skin boils are one of the most common infections and caused by bacteria. The hair follicles or oil glands can get infected and produce a boil. Symptoms include:
Causes: While almost anybody is prone to develop boils, lowered immunity increases the chances of developing boils. Diabetes, poor nutrition, poor hygiene, and chemical and environmental pollutants increase the chances of developing boils.
Treatment: Most boils do not need treatment, but they should not be ignored in the following situations:
Treatment: In the order of severity,
What is an abscess?
An abscess is a collection of pus which built ups within the tissue of the body. It is usually tender and warm to touch.
What are the statistics of it?
An abscess is the most common condition and the most common presenting symptom of various diseases. The rate is approximately 65% of the population who are using intravenous drugs.
What are the common causes of it?
It mostly occurs in the patients with weak immunity. Following are the most common conditions which can cause abscess:
What are the symptoms of it?
The most common symptoms and signs of the superficial abscesses are redness, heat, swelling, pain, loss of function, and fever with, or without chills. An internal abscess shows symptoms, such as pain in the affected area, fever, and malaise.
Where can it develop?
It can occur in any tissue, but most frequently it occurs on the skin surface (superficial abscess). It can also occur in the lungs, brain, teeth, kidneys, tonsils, liver, perineum, hair follicle, and bones.
Why does it develop?
It is a defensive mechanism of the tissue. The bacteria which enters the body destroys the body cells and results in the release of cytokines. This cytokine causes white blood cells to proliferate near that area by increasing regional blood flow. All these materials with killed bacteria and kill white blood cells collect in the cavity and localize the infection by forming a capsule around it. This capsule prevents further spread of infection to the adjacent organs.
How to diagnose it?
A superficial abscess does not require any investigation as compared to deep abscess. Investigations, such as computed tomography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging can be used to diagnose the deep abscesses.
What is the treatment available for it?
Following are the treatments which are given most commonly to treat the abscess:
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Disorders that affect the knee like severe arthritis or trauma do not allow you to utilize the full range of motion of your knees. Since you use your affected knees very sparsely, they become stiff and this condition persists even after you have undergone a knee replacement surgery. You can, however, get back the normal range of motion of a healthy knee by doing the following exercises post knee replacement surgery.
Strictly perform these routines regularly and you will start walking in no time following the knee replacement surgery. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Are you aware of the connection between ovarian cysts and pregnancy? A woman’s ovaries produce eggs and sex hormones, namely estrogen and progesterone. Sometimes, a sac filled with fluid may develop on one of your ovaries. Ovarian cysts are common and are experienced by all women in their lifetime. Commonly, these cysts are painless, accompanied by no specific symptoms. As the cysts grow, symptoms such as swelling or bloating, painful bowel movements, painful sexual intercourse, and pelvic pain during menstrual periods are indicated. Other symptoms like breast tenderness, lower back and thigh pain, nausea and vomiting are also likely.
Link between ovarian cysts and pregnancy
Ovarian cysts are connected to pregnancy as they are associated with a woman’s fertility. Some ovarian cysts which can affect your fertility and hence pregnancy include the following:
• These are ovarian cysts, which are associated with complications in fertility and occur on account of endometriosis. This is a health condition in which the normal tissue lining around your uterus or the endometrium starts growing outside your uterus.
Ovarian cysts occurring because of polycystic ovary syndrome
• Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is featured by the development of several small cysts on the surface of your ovaries.
• Irregular menstrual periods and the increase in levels of certain hormones are indicated.
• This condition is associated with fertility. It results in irregular ovulation that causes complications in fertility in many women.
Ovarian cysts which only affect fertility after becoming large
There are some types of ovarian cysts, which do not affect fertility unless they become very large. They are as follows:
If you are diagnosed with ovarian cysts and are concerned whether they will affect your pregnancy, it is important for you to consult your doctor. You will be able to discuss the various treatment measures, which revive your pregnancy chances.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Had you not rested properly, it will be seen in your eyes. And, eyes, are an important aspect that enhances the beauty of a person. If you are living with under eye hollows, you may want to get a fix as it would spoil your outlook.
Undereye hollows are the opposite of having puffy eyes. The problem is not very visible in people with fuller faces, but if you happen to have a slender face, it can be evident. The cause of under eye hollows is attributed to a lack of fat in the eye region. This can be caused by hereditary problems, sudden weight loss or simply through aging. You can adopt either surgical or non-surgical options depending on what your cosmetic physician suggests for your case.
The easiest way to deal with under eye hollows if you do not want to go for a surgical method is a hyaluronic acid treatment. The acid is used to fill the deficient areas in the eyes through an injection, and it is then followed up with treatment procedures on the surface of the skin to make the skin look fuller under your eyes.
The downside of the procedure is that it is not a permanent solution and you will need to have multiple procedures over time to maintain the effectiveness of the treatment. The effectiveness of the method varies from person to person, and if it does not last very long for you, it is recommended to go for a permanent method to avoid any chances of damage to the eyelids or develop any other risks in the process.
The procedure dates to the Roman and Greek eras but with the modernization of technology the procedure has evolved, and cosmetic surgeons now use laser blepharoplasty for the procedure which is much safer and non-invasive in nature. The procedure usually takes between one to three hours to complete, and any internal swelling that occurs will resolve itself within a couple of weeks. It takes several months for the results to show up. It is recommended to take a post and pre-operative images to assess the changes.