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Overview

Obesity - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Obesity is a term used to describe excessive body fat. This weight can come from body water, fat, bone and muscle. Obesity occurs when you start consuming more calories than your body uses. Many factors can affect your weight such as not being physically active, consuming high fat foods and genetic makeup. Being obese can have a lot of complications on your health such as the risk of cancer, arthritis, stroke, heart disease and diabetes.

What causes obesity?

  • Consuming excessive calories- Nowadays people eat more food than in the previous generation. This used to happen in the developed nations, but now this trend has spread across the world. People also consume a lot of sweetened drinks which leads to the formation of carbohydrates. Fast food can also increase weight to a great extent.
  • Leading a stationary lifestyle- With the arrival of dishwashers, washing machines, remote controls, video games, computers and televisions, people have become less active and refuse to do their work on their own. The lesser active you are, the fewer calories you tend to burn. Engaging in physical activities is also beneficial for you as it keeps your insulin levels stable. This prevents you from developing diabetes.
  • Not sleeping- Studies suggest that if you don’t sleep enough, you can get obese. Both children and adults face this risk. Studies show that sleep deprivation can lead to obesity due to increased appetite as a result of changes in hormones. Lack of sleep also makes your body produce less amount of Leptin (a hormone which reduces appetite).
  • Medications- Some medications which make people put on excessive body weight. People who are already overweight should select some alternative therapy to avoid getting obese.

How to treat obesity?

  • Dietary changes- It is recommended to reduce the intake of whole grains, vegetables and fruits. It is important to reduce the consumption of fats, refined carbohydrates and sugar. A low calorie diet is usually prescribed by a dietitian or a healthcare professional.
  • Physical activity- It is advisable to engage in physical activities like walking, jogging, playing outdoor sports to lose weight.
  • Prescription medications- These medications should be considered as the last resort if the patients find it very difficult to lose weight.
  • Weight loss surgery- This is also known as Bariatric Surgery. This procedure is recommended for only morbidly obese people.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Pain on back Pain on joints Binge eating Fatigue Pot belly Snoring

Popular Health Tips

Obesity And Cancer

Dr. Vishwanath Bl 89% (41 ratings)
Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)
General Physician, Bangalore
Obesity and wellness How obesity could lead to increased risk of cancer? Local inflammation or organ inflammation People who are obese are more likely than normal weight individuals to develop chronic local inflammation affecting organs which over time can cause dna damage and lead to organ cancers. Insulin and cancer People who are obese over time are often found to have increased blood levels of insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (igf-1). High levels of insulin and igf-1 may promote the development of colon, kidney, prostate, and other endometrial cancers. Insulin resistance due to obesity is a risk factor cancer. Hormones play havoc Fat cells produce what are called as adipokines, which are hormones that may stimulate or inhibit cell growth. An adipokine called leptin, which is responsible for promoting controlled cell proliferation in the blood increases with increasing body fat which could over time trigger uncontrolled cell proliferation. Higher amounts of estrogen produced by fat tissue, can drive the development of some cancers, such as breast and endometrial cancers Here are the immediate steps to be taken by people who have been obese for over years now to reduce risk of cancer. 1. Immediately stop consumption of any processed food (processed dairy derivatives, processed cold storage food, canned food, sodas, ready to eat packs, instant noodles all fast food). 2. Your diet should consist of green leafy vegetables as they have anti-carcinogenic and blood purification properties, pules bell peppers, broccoli, sweet potato and peanuts for balanced intake of proteins, healthy fat which is essential for regulated cell functioning and complex carbohydrate rich in nutrients. Depending upon your metabolic type it is always better to develop a diet that best suites you in consultation with your nutritionist. 3. Add turmeric to your daily diet, (anti-inflammatory properties) refer to my postings on turmeric to have a complete understanding of how it helps and simple every day recipes to include turmeric into your diet. 4. Stop using processed oils for making your dishes and start using virgin coconut oil or virgin olive oil 5. Go for 21 days (minimum) detoxification program by carving out a diet (completely natural diet) that will flush out oxidants, toxins from the body. 6. Periodic fasting helps in reducing obesity as well as decreasing the risk of cancers. This when followed consistently for at least 2 months, will reduce the risk of cancer in people who are obese for over years now. Consequently it is required to make certain lifestyle changes a must and a priority through out your life. You could refer to my previous postings on obesity for this.

Can Obesity Lead To Diabetes?

Dr. Shefali Karkhanis 96% (411 ratings)
Dip.Diab, Fellowship Diabetology (Gold Medallist), MBBS
Diabetologist, Thane
Can Obesity Lead To Diabetes?
Diabetes is a complex group of diseases with a variety of causes. People with diabetes have high blood glucose, also called high blood sugar or hyperglycemia. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism, the way the body uses digested food for energy. The digestive tract breaks down carbohydrates, sugars and starches found in many foods, into glucose, a form of sugar that enters the bloodstream. Diabetes develops when the body doesn't make enough insulin or is not able to use insulin effectively, or both. The two main types of diabetes are: Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 diabetes typically occurs in children and young adults, though it can appear at any age. In the past, type 1 diabetes was called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Heredity plays an important part in determining who is likely to develop type 1 diabetes. Genes are passed down from biological parent to child. Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 diabetes develops most often in middle-aged and older people who are also overweight or obese. The disease, once rare in youth, is becoming more common in overweight and obese children and adolescents. Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of factors, including insulin resistance, a condition in which the body's muscle, fat, and liver cells do not use insulin effectively. Physical Inactivity, Obesity, and Diabetes: Physical inactivity and obesity are strongly associated with the development of type 2 diabetes. People who are genetically susceptible to type 2 diabetes are more vulnerable when these risk factors are present. About 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. An imbalance between caloric intake and physical activity can lead to obesity, which causes insulin resistance and is common in people with type 2 diabetes. Central obesity, in which a person has excess abdominal fat, is a major risk factor not only for insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes but also for heart and blood vessel disease, also called cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This excess belly fat produces hormones and other substances that can cause harmful, chronic effects in the body such as damage to blood vessels. So, measuring your waist is a quick way of assessing your diabetes risk. This is a measure of abdominal obesity, which is a particularly high-risk form of obesity. Women have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes if their waist measures 80cm (31.5 inches) or more. Asian men with a waist size of 89cm (35 inches) or more have a higher risk, as do white or black men with a waist size of 94cm (37 inches) or more. Simple Steps to Lower Your Risk: Making a few lifestyle changes can dramatically lower the chances of developing type 2 diabetes. The same changes can also lower the chances of developing heart disease and other life taking cancers. Control Your Weight: Being overweight increases the chances of developing type 2 diabetes seven-fold. Being obese makes you 20 to 40 times more likely to develop diabetes than someone with a healthy weight. Losing weight can help if your weight is above the healthy-weight range. Check your BMI. Losing 7 to 10 percent of your current weight can cut your chances of developing type 2 diabetes in half. Get Moving and Turn Off the Television: Inactivity promotes type 2 diabetes. Working your muscles more often and making them work harder improves their ability to use insulin and absorb glucose. This puts less stress on your insulin-making cells. Tune Up Your Diet: Four dietary changes can have a big impact on the risk of type 2 diabetes- Choose whole grains and wholegrain products over highly processed carbohydrates. Skip the sugary drinks, and choose water, coffee, or tea instead. Choose good fats instead of bad fats. Limit red meat and avoid processed meat; choose nuts, whole grains, poultry, or fish instead. All of us must take a walk everyday or atleast do half hour of exercise everyday and adopt healthy eating habits. Along with that relieve your stress and take proper doses of insulin or medications as prescribed by your doctor.
2914 people found this helpful

Weight Loss Surgery - Most Common Types You Must Know!

Dr. Prashanth Hegde 83% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Gastroenterology
General Surgeon, Hyderabad
Weight Loss Surgery - Most Common Types You Must Know!
Obesity is unarguably one of the most regularly discussed topics around the world. A major section of the world's population is suffering from a variety of obesity related problems. There are a number of natural methods to check obesity; however, several medical surgeries are gaining popularity among the masses with instant results to reduce weight. Here is a list of the most common types of weight loss surgeries: 1. Gastric sleeve surgery: This surgery is performed where removal of a large part of the stomach takes place. A long pouch is created, which connects the small intestine with the oesophagus. The pouch gets stapled and after that the other parts of the stomach are reduced. In some cases, an additional step is taken for reinforcement of the staple line. Gastric sleeve reduces the size of the stomach and a patient will feel full after eating lesser amount of food. Because a portion of the stomach is reduced, lesser amount of hunger causing hormones are produced. The patient will therefore feel less hungry. 2. Gastric bypass surgery: This is another effective weight loss surgery, which reduces the patient's stomach size, resulting in reduced appetite. The intestines are rearranged, which makes the body absorb fewer minerals. While performing this surgery, the stomach is cut and stapled to create a pouch. The remaining stomach is attached to the small intestine's top portion, and the small intestine is cut and attached to the pouch as well. After this, the end portion of the small intestine is connected with the non-pouch part of the stomach and is attached to the roux limb bottom. This makes the stomach's digestive juices to meet the food present in the intestines. 3. Duodenal switch: This surgery reduces the stomach size in patients, which leads to decreased appetite or craving for food. Fewer hormones, which cause hunger, are secreted and the rearrangement of the intestine causes the body to absorb minimal minerals or calories. A part of the stomach is removed and a pouch is created. The small intestine's top portion is cut off, but the duodenum is kept attached to the stomach. The small intestines are cut, and the part attached to the large intestine called colon is connected with the duodenum. Finally, the loose end of the small intestine gets attached to the small intestine to enable digestive juices to mix with food. 4. Lap band surgery: By this surgery, a band is wrapped around the upper middle section of the stomach which squeezes the stomach. Thus a smaller section of the stomach is created above the band which fills up very quickly while having food. The patient feels full by eating less. A laparoscopic adjustable gastric band is used. There are many different weight loss surgeries. Most of them aim at reducing the capacity of the stomach, so that the person eats less food.
3131 people found this helpful

How Obesity Effects Your Health?

Dr. Raj Vigna Venugopal 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine , DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Bangalore
How Obesity Effects Your Health?
The new epidemic that has taken the world by storm is obesity. The proportion of obese people is increasing and the age of onset of obesity is decreasing gradually. There is an optimal weight for a given height of a person. Obesity is when a person's weight is 20% more than the optimal weight. It brings with it a host of other health conditions, as it impairs the body s overall functioning. Diabetes 2: In a normal person, food gets broken down into glucose to provide the required energy for the body using insulin. The body s inability to produce sufficient insulin to convert the excessive amount of sugar in the body leads to diabetes. Growing to be a leading cause of early death, diabetes brings with it a host of complications affecting almost all systems and parts of the body including stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and death. Diabetes and obesity have a direct correlation and can be prevented and managed by eating a balanced diet, losing weight, exercising, and having a healthy lifestyle. Heart problems: An increased BMI also ups the risk for coronary heart disease (CHD), where the blood vessels are narrowed due to constant accumulation of fat in their inner walls. This gradually reduces the blood flow through these and may when complete cut-off happens, it could result in heart attack or stroke, affecting the heart or the brain. There could also be cases where the heart fails to pump sufficient blood to the rest of the body, affecting their effective functioning. Obese people also have a higher blood pressure than people who maintain a good BMI. Breathing problems: One of the main causes of labored breathing is excessive weight. The condition called sleep apnea which is sudden bouts of absence of breathing during sleep is very high in obesity. It can cause snoring, daytime sleepiness, increase the risk of heart disease and stroke. In people with sleep apnea, weight loss is one of the first and most recommended therapies. Asthma and general breathing disorders are also higher in obese people. Abnormal body cholesterol: Obese people also tend to have abnormally higher levels of body fat, especially the bad cholesterol, which again leads to coronary disease. It is a vicious cycle with one leading to the other and aggravating the other. Osteoarthritis: Added weight leads to pressure on the hips, knees and lower back. There is added wear and tear and pain, which further limits movement. Cancer: Some cancers, of the colon, endometrium, kidney, pancreas, gallbladder, breast and esophagus are more prevalent in obese people. These are just some, there are more. The best way to avoid all these is to watch your weight.

Obesity - How Homeopathy Helps To Treat It?

Dr. Priyanka T 86% (328 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Ranchi
Obesity - How Homeopathy Helps To Treat It?
Obesity is a common nutritional disorder that has resulted into stress among people of all age groups. The mushrooming of slimming centers, weight loss pills and diet plans in the recent past are all pointers of how people are disturbed by obesity. The condition results from excess accumulation of fats in the body as a result of excess intake of food. When you take an excess of 50 calories in a day, you are said to increase weight by 25 kgs within a ten-year period. While scientists largely attribute the cause for the condition to intake of excess food, studies also reveal that genes could play a significant role too. There is no cure for obesity but a method that is slowly gaining popularity for countering obesity successfully is homeopathy. Homeopathic Medicines For many years now, homeopathy has been used as a mode of treatment for obesity across many countries in the world. The mode of treatment usually is constitutional and needs a detailed case history of the patient and evaluation so that the best remedy can be selected. Calcarea carbonica is a homeopathic medicine that is administered when a patient has excess fat on their abdomen area. The constitutional symptoms are profuse perspirations on the head, low tolerance for cold air and strange cravings like desire to eat chalk. Natrum mur is used for patients with excess of weight in their thighs and buttocks. Excessive heat and intolerance towards sun are the constitutional symptoms for this homeopathic medicine. Lycopodium is used similar to the natrum Mur. However, here the constitutional symptoms vary in that they are used on patients suffering from gastric troubles. Patients have a liking for hot food and sweet stuff. These are just a few examples. Other methods for weight loss: Homeopathic medicines work by stimulating the metabolic rate of the body to burn fat much faster and as such should be used with exercise and a controlled balanced diet comprising of proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates and minerals. When these three are combined, the results are much faster and the degree of weight loss will be much higher. To win over obesity the key thing is to take adequate amounts of food as diet which is the greatest cause of obesity. Taking homeopathic medicines will help increase your body's metabolic rate and coupled with exercise and controlled diet, you will be on a recovery from obesity. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
3011 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I have an obesity problem How should I get solution for my problem? Please advise me.

Dt. Siva Teja Gadepalli 88% (134 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Faridabad
Hi, Try to regularise your meals into small and frequent meals. Include good amounts of fibre rich diet like whole grain cereals, vegetables and fruits. Avoid fruit juices and carbonated beverages. Include lean meat, skin out chicken, fish and egg white. Avoid fried meat, oily foods, egg omelette and red meat. Avoid junk food and include green tea, oats, sprouts and drink plenty of water. Work out regularly either morning or evening depending on your convenience. Take steps instead of lift and keep a check on high fat and high carbohydrate foods that you consume. Take a light dinner consisting of less carbohydrate and moderate protein. Maintain 2 hours gap between dinner and sleep.

Sir main high cholesterol aur obesity se pareshaan Hun aur mujhe aaj kal gale me kuchh phansa hua mehsus hota hai laar nigalne me bhi takleef hota phir khud se theek ho jata hai. please suggest me sir.

Dr. Sameer Mehrotra 90% (1093 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Cardiac Device Specialist (CCDS - Physician )
Cardiologist, Delhi
Please consult a cardiologist for tests like ECG, TMT and medications if required. Also take a diet consult from a dietician. If all tests are found to be normal you should also start with daily exercise.
1 person found this helpful

I am Very Much Concern about my belly, it's taking away all the Smartness. Worried what will happen in future if not taken any Required Precautions. Kindly advice & Suggest.

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 94% (18182 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hello, Tk, ,plenty of water. Go for a walk in the morning. Go for meditation. Your diet be easily digestible on time. Avoid, junk food, alcohol, nicotine, piza burger. Go for aerobic, specially for abdominal exercise. Tk, Homoeo medicine:@ Phyto berry Q-10 drops, thrice with little water. Tk, care.
2 people found this helpful

I am suffering from obesity please help my weight is 93 kg n height is 5.4 inches im suffering from depression.

Dt. Riyaz Khan 93% (2402 ratings)
Diploma in Diet and Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Hyderabad
Aim for long term weight loss @ 2 Kg per month = 24 kgs in an year. Aspire to be fit and smart and slim..>> Add more 2-3 Fruits to your daily diet. Double your water intake..>> Cut down Sweets/Biscuits/ Colas/Juices from your diet. .>> Cut down Puris/Parathas/Pizzas/Burgers/Fried Rice..>> Eat slowly and mindfully.   Reduce portion size..>> Exercise daily - 'Intense' Cardio for 40-60 mins.  This will keep you toned and trim..>> Love yourself and respect your body.

I am taking reshape natural and orlistat 120 mg to treat my moderate obesity. I am under treatment for 4 months .Advise me when to stop my medicine and how to manage my overweight after the stoppage of medicine. Pls give a diet plan for the management of obesity.

Dt. Amar Singh 91% (10214 ratings)
B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition, Nutrition Certification,Registered Dietitian
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
You can stop medicines after 6 months of dosage. Medicines alone will not help you lose weight. You have to exercise and eat well to lose weight even after stopping the medicines. Cut down the excess carbs. If you want to lose weight you should start by avoiding sugar and starch (like bread). A low carb diet reduces your hunger and makes it easier to eat less. And it might even increase your fat burning at rest. Don’t skip meals. Skipping meals will not make you lose weight faster. That strategy backfires because your body thinks food is in short supply, so it slows your metabolism in order to conserve energy. Over time, the result is that when you do eat — even if you consume the same foods as always — your body will be slower to use the calories as fuel, thus creating a backlog of unwanted pounds.  Stay hydrated. You've heard it before, and you'll hear it again. That's because drinking 64 ounces of water daily is one of the easiest ways to speed up weight loss. Your body needs water in order to efficiently metabolize stored fat. When you shortchange your supply, you're likely to slow down that process, meaning it's more difficult for you to burn calories. An easy eight glasses a day (at least!) will keep your system running smoothly. Start exercising. Strength training builds lean muscle tissue, which burns more calories — at work or at rest — 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The more lean muscle you have, the faster you'll slim down. How do you start strength training? Try some push-ups or a few squats or lunges. Use your free weights to perform simple biceps curls or triceps pulls right in your home or office. Do these exercises three to four times per week, and you'll soon see a rapid improvement in your physique. Go for an evening walk. An evening activity may be particularly beneficial because many people's metabolism slows down toward the end of the day. Thirty minutes of aerobic activity before dinner increases your metabolic rate and may keep it elevated for another two or three hours, even after you've stopped moving. What that means for you: Those dinner calories have less of a chance to take up permanent residence on your hips. Take adequate rest. You should also make an effort to get enough good sleep, preferably every night. Strive to wake up refreshed of your own accord, independently of the alarm clock. If you’re the kind of person who always gets brutally woken up by the alarm ringing, you might never be giving your body adequate rest. Supplement vitamins and minerals. Nutrient-dense, good food is certainly the foundation of weight loss. But an adequate amount of vitamin D can be difficult to ingest via food. In the case of a lack of sun (such as during the darker months of autumn and winter), it’s wise to supplement for multiple health reasons – and perhaps even for your weight.
3 people found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Obesity & Health Problems - Know The Relation Between Them!

Dr. Vijay Rai 87% (36 ratings)
MBBS,MD, DM
Gastroenterologist, Kolkata
Obesity is the main cause of gastroenterological problems. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
Start Quiz

Ayurveda and Obesity

Dr. Niveditha Srinivasamurthy 93% (617 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bangalore
Obesity is not a disease; it is the result of overeating and exercise is the cure. True or False. Take this quiz to find out.
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Obesity - Know Its Homeopathic Treatment!

Dr. Anuradha S.Kumar 91% (2868 ratings)
CCPH, BHMS
Homeopath, Bhilai
Obesity can lead to depression and vice versa. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
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Homeopathy for Obesity & Weight Loss!

Dr. B Suresh Kumar 93% (851 ratings)
B H M S, MD
Homeopath, Thrissur
Genetics predetermine the chances of being obese. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
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Bariatric surgery- Questions you must ask your doctor

Dr. Muffazal Lakdawala 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS
Bariatrician, Mumbai
'Which surgical procedure would be right for you?' Is the choice of procedure a critical factor in the success of the surgery. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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