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Obesity - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Obesity? What causes obesity? How to treat obesity?

What is Obesity?

Obesity is a term used to describe excessive body fat. This weight can come from body water, fat, bone and muscle. Obesity occurs when you start consuming more calories than your body uses. Many factors can affect your weight such as not being physically active, consuming high fat foods and genetic makeup. Being obese can have a lot of complications on your health such as the risk of cancer, arthritis, stroke, heart disease and diabetes.

What causes obesity?

  • Consuming excessive calories- Nowadays people eat more food than in the previous generation. This used to happen in the developed nations, but now this trend has spread across the world. People also consume a lot of sweetened drinks which leads to the formation of carbohydrates. Fast food can also increase weight to a great extent.
  • Leading a stationary lifestyle- With the arrival of dishwashers, washing machines, remote controls, video games, computers and televisions, people have become less active and refuse to do their work on their own. The lesser active you are, the fewer calories you tend to burn. Engaging in physical activities is also beneficial for you as it keeps your insulin levels stable. This prevents you from developing diabetes.
  • Not sleeping- Studies suggest that if you don’t sleep enough, you can get obese. Both children and adults face this risk. Studies show that sleep deprivation can lead to obesity due to increased appetite as a result of changes in hormones. Lack of sleep also makes your body produce less amount of Leptin (a hormone which reduces appetite).
  • Medications- Some medications which make people put on excessive body weight. People who are already overweight should select some alternative therapy to avoid getting obese.

How to treat obesity?

  • Dietary changes- It is recommended to reduce the intake of whole grains, vegetables and fruits. It is important to reduce the consumption of fats, refined carbohydrates and sugar. A low calorie diet is usually prescribed by a dietitian or a healthcare professional.
  • Physical activity- It is advisable to engage in physical activities like walking, jogging, playing outdoor sports to lose weight.
  • Prescription medications- These medications should be considered as the last resort if the patients find it very difficult to lose weight.
  • Weight loss surgery- This is also known as Bariatric Surgery. This procedure is recommended for only morbidly obese people.

Popular Questions & Answers

Should a female with BMI of 42.6 with conditions of diabetes, BP and thyroid go for the bariatric surgery at the age of 33 years? I have a 4 year old daughter.

MBBS, MD
Endocrinologist, Delhi
Bariatric surgery is not that simple as you are thinking and is not the final answer for your problems. I think strict diet control, regular exercise and life style modification will give you permanant and long lasting resultsm.
1 person found this helpful

I'm suffering from obesity, fatty liver grade 1 and umbilical hernia problem. My height is 152 cm. Weight 79.5 & I'm 28 years old. Can you suggest me the calories intake and tell me how to reduce my belly fat to recover hernia. I was under c section 2 and half years passed.

MBBS, Fellowship In Minimally Invasive Bariatric Surgery, Fellowship In Minimally invasive(Keyhole) Surgery
Bariatrician, Bangalore
Lybrate-user, you are approx. 20 to 25 kgs overweight and you have a fatty liver which is a matter of concern. You need to restrict your calorie intake to 1000 per day and also go for a brisk walk 45 min per day. Ensure to hydrate yourself well by...
6 people found this helpful

Hi Sir, I am 46 female. Hight 5" 5' and weight 81 kg. Is it proper to take slim trim 15 mg. I have no any problems like Bp or sugar now.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Lybrate-user ji, Thanks for the query. There is no proper clinical evidence about weight loss occurring on taking that particular medication. Diet control and exercise plus that medication may be helpful. Thanks.

Sir main high cholesterol aur obesity se pareshaan Hun aur mujhe aaj kal gale me kuchh phansa hua mehsus hota hai laar nigalne me bhi takleef hota phir khud se theek ho jata hai. please suggest me sir.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Cardiac Device Specialist (CCDS - Physician )
Cardiologist, Delhi
Please consult a cardiologist for tests like ECG, TMT and medications if required. Also take a diet consult from a dietician. If all tests are found to be normal you should also start with daily exercise.
5 people found this helpful

My daughter age is 17 years. Her body weight is 98 kg. She has gained more weight in lockdown period. She had obesity also.

M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, PG Diploma in Hospital Management & Hospital Administration (PGDH&HM)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ghaziabad
Weight loss is required for her. Send her daily routine ,lifestyle, height, so that I can plan a diet chart for her.
1 person found this helpful

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