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Obesity - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Obesity? What causes obesity? How to treat obesity?

What is Obesity?

Obesity is a term used to describe excessive body fat. This weight can come from body water, fat, bone and muscle. Obesity occurs when you start consuming more calories than your body uses. Many factors can affect your weight such as not being physically active, consuming high fat foods and genetic makeup. Being obese can have a lot of complications on your health such as the risk of cancer, arthritis, stroke, heart disease and diabetes.

What causes obesity?

  • Consuming excessive calories- Nowadays people eat more food than in the previous generation. This used to happen in the developed nations, but now this trend has spread across the world. People also consume a lot of sweetened drinks which leads to the formation of carbohydrates. Fast food can also increase weight to a great extent.
  • Leading a stationary lifestyle- With the arrival of dishwashers, washing machines, remote controls, video games, computers and televisions, people have become less active and refuse to do their work on their own. The lesser active you are, the fewer calories you tend to burn. Engaging in physical activities is also beneficial for you as it keeps your insulin levels stable. This prevents you from developing diabetes.
  • Not sleeping- Studies suggest that if you don’t sleep enough, you can get obese. Both children and adults face this risk. Studies show that sleep deprivation can lead to obesity due to increased appetite as a result of changes in hormones. Lack of sleep also makes your body produce less amount of Leptin (a hormone which reduces appetite).
  • Medications- Some medications which make people put on excessive body weight. People who are already overweight should select some alternative therapy to avoid getting obese.

How to treat obesity?

  • Dietary changes- It is recommended to reduce the intake of whole grains, vegetables and fruits. It is important to reduce the consumption of fats, refined carbohydrates and sugar. A low calorie diet is usually prescribed by a dietitian or a healthcare professional.
  • Physical activity- It is advisable to engage in physical activities like walking, jogging, playing outdoor sports to lose weight.
  • Prescription medications- These medications should be considered as the last resort if the patients find it very difficult to lose weight.
  • Weight loss surgery- This is also known as Bariatric Surgery. This procedure is recommended for only morbidly obese people.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi Dr. I am diabetic for 15 yrs. My height is 5 feet 10 inch and weigh 93 kg. Have signs of neuropathy. My calf muscles aches and and my foot can detect vibration only when exposed to 30 volts through the machine. Should I take diabetone pn instead of bevon since it targets neuropathy or take both. I also take human mixtard 50 / 50. Morning and afternoon 35 iu each time. My sugar reading before breakfast 170 and pp is 220. Kindly advice. Thank you.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Hello, thanks for the query. In a patient with long standing diabetes peripheral neuropathy is quite common. This can happen even with a fairly good control. Because high blood glucose affects peripheral nerve functions. Treatment is to achieve st...

Diabetes hb1ac7. 6, fp 157, pp 280, suggest medicine presently glycomet 0.5 gp 1-0-1. Diat under control, exercise normal.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, thanks for the query. I have seen your query. At 58 years your hba1c% is definitely higher as at this age it should be < 6.5%. Generally fasting glucose in a well controlled person is < 100 mg & pp 150 to 160 mg. Therefore, looki...
2 people found this helpful

I am 53 years old and obese… known diabetic and on metformin and now I checked 140/90….what medication I should start in the beginning….can I take t. Fimsartan 30 mg or t. telmisartan 40 mg?

BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
It’s not very high. U can control it with lifestyle changes which will help in diabetes also. Moreover keep an eye on bp, you should not start medicine with one reading. If it’s constantly high, then go ahead with medication. Follow this 1. Do...

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Content Details
Written By
P.G.In Dietitics,BSc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist
Reviewed By
B.Sc (Home Science), Post Graduation Diploma in Dietetics and Public Health Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist
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