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Overview

Obesity - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Obesity is a term used to describe excessive body fat. This weight can come from body water, fat, bone and muscle. Obesity occurs when you start consuming more calories than your body uses. Many factors can affect your weight such as not being physically active, consuming high fat foods and genetic makeup. Being obese can have a lot of complications on your health such as the risk of cancer, arthritis, stroke, heart disease and diabetes.

What causes obesity?

  • Consuming excessive calories- Nowadays people eat more food than in the previous generation. This used to happen in the developed nations, but now this trend has spread across the world. People also consume a lot of sweetened drinks which leads to the formation of carbohydrates. Fast food can also increase weight to a great extent.
  • Leading a stationary lifestyle- With the arrival of dishwashers, washing machines, remote controls, video games, computers and televisions, people have become less active and refuse to do their work on their own. The lesser active you are, the fewer calories you tend to burn. Engaging in physical activities is also beneficial for you as it keeps your insulin levels stable. This prevents you from developing diabetes.
  • Not sleeping- Studies suggest that if you don’t sleep enough, you can get obese. Both children and adults face this risk. Studies show that sleep deprivation can lead to obesity due to increased appetite as a result of changes in hormones. Lack of sleep also makes your body produce less amount of Leptin (a hormone which reduces appetite).
  • Medications- Some medications which make people put on excessive body weight. People who are already overweight should select some alternative therapy to avoid getting obese.

How to treat obesity?

  • Dietary changes- It is recommended to reduce the intake of whole grains, vegetables and fruits. It is important to reduce the consumption of fats, refined carbohydrates and sugar. A low calorie diet is usually prescribed by a dietitian or a healthcare professional.
  • Physical activity- It is advisable to engage in physical activities like walking, jogging, playing outdoor sports to lose weight.
  • Prescription medications- These medications should be considered as the last resort if the patients find it very difficult to lose weight.
  • Weight loss surgery- This is also known as Bariatric Surgery. This procedure is recommended for only morbidly obese people.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Pain on back Pain on joints Binge eating Fatigue Pot belly Snoring

Popular Health Tips

Obesity - How Homeopathy Can Help In Weight Reduction?

Dr. Anju Vohra 91% (501 ratings)
B.H.M.S ( Mumbai) (Silver Medalist), Certificate In Gyn and Obstetric
Homeopath, Noida
Obesity - How Homeopathy Can Help In Weight Reduction?
Obesity is a lifestyle disorder where a person has too much body fat. Weight that is higher than what is considered as a healthy weight for a given height is described as overweight or Obesity. Body Mass Index, (BMI) is used as a screening tool for obesity. Body Mass Index (BMI) is a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters. If your BMI is 25.0 to <30, it falls within the overweight range. If your BMI is 30.0 or higher, it falls within the obese range. Obesity happens over time when you eat more calories than you use. The balance between calories-in and calories-out differs for each person. Factors that might affect your weight include your genetic makeup, overeating, eating high-fat foods, not being physically active, medical ailments like hypothyroidism, depression,polycystic ovarian disease, hormonal changes during pregnancy and menopause ,lack of sleep . Risks associated with Obesity: If you're obese, you're more likely to develop a number of potentially serious health problems, including: High Cholestrol Type 2 diabetes High blood pressure Heart disease Cancer Breathing disorders, including sleep apnea Gallbladder disease Gynecological problems, such as infertility and irregular periods Osteoarthritis Knee Fatty Liver Social stigma leading to isolation and depression. Coping Strategies: The goal of person wanting to lose weight should be make changes in your eating habits and increased physical activity. To lose weight, you need to burn more calories than you take in. Dietary Changes: These include calorie cutting, eating lower energy density foods which help you feel full for longer periods, healthier plant based and lean meat diet. Exercise and be active. Sleep on time. Drink water throughout the day to keep your metabolic rate high. Homoeopathic Medicines: These medicines are safe and free from any side-effects and help you lose weight by increasing your metabolism, improving your digestion and creating a sense of fullness. This causes less food intake and so less fat build-up. Homoeopathy treats each person individualistically by knowing the cause of his obesity. Few homoeopathic medicines for weight loss are- Calcarea .carb, Phytolecca.b, Ammonium.carb,Graphites and Kali.carb.
8 people found this helpful

Fast Food - How It Contributes To Obesity?

Dt. Purvi Parikh 90% (34 ratings)
M.Sc Foods & Nutrition, Ph.D Foods & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Vadodara
Fast Food - How It Contributes To Obesity?
In present times there has been an increase in some obese people especially in places which are developed like USA and UK. Obesity has now become a severe issue in most of the nations that are dangerous to life. About 90% of the people in the USA are suffering obesity. The effects of obesity are very harmful it leads to health conditions lasting for a long time, causes premature death and disease and illness like diabetes, gall bladder disease, stroke, fatty liver, joint diseases, arthritis and at worst cases can even lead to cancer threatening the life count. Several studies have shown that the intake of too much of calorie and the lack of any physical activity can cause obesity. Fast food has become a major cause of it as well. Food Choices of Various People Depend On Several Factors Including: Behavioural Cultural Environmental Socioeconomic influences Food choices often hamper the intake of energy this communicates with the metabolic and genetic factors to draw the body weight and the body composition of a human being. Energy Imbalance in The Human Body Obesity is an outcome of the imbalance of energy taken in through drinking and through eating, which is then spent on the various physical activities of the day and the metabolism rate of the human body. Studies have indicated and highlighted by the hard fact the amount of food consumed away out of the home that is the amount of fast food intake has risen alarmingly in the last four decades. Fast food like pizzas, burgers, roll, chips, French fries etc. contains a high amount of calories, fats, sugar, and sodium. Fast food leads to a reduction of the best quality food in the diet and causes unhealthy choices among adolescents and children increasing their chances of getting obese. Too much of intake of pizzas and burgers leads to the increase in the consumption of cheese, which can be harmful to the human to the human body and increases the intake of saturated fat and sodium. Fast Food Effecting Life to Great Extent Fast foods often affect the youth and children more than adults the reason being that most of the foods outside are targeted towards the children and the youth, and there is a retained pattern of eating fast foods. Children, those have a sustained imbalance of energy intake of near about 2% tend to suffer obesity over the time. Such lifestyles can affect the life very badly, leading to chronic diseases and major other health problems. In order to prevent oneself from getting obese, one should eat home cooked food, develop good eating habits, eat on time, eat small frequent meals, eat seasonal and local fruits and vegetables to get maximum nutritional benefits, eat freshly cooked food, , reduce the intake of outside food, bakery items and process foods and beverages available commercially. At the same time should input certain amount of physical activity and variety of exercises (at least 150+ min per week for maintenance and 300+min for weight loss) in the daily routine to remain fit, young, healthy (disease free) and free from lifestyle disorders, such as obesity, diabetes, cholesterol, uric acid issues, thyroid, cancers etc.
684 people found this helpful

Diabetes & Obesity - Understanding The Link Between Them!

Dr. Khwaja Ahtesham Ahmad 90% (15 ratings)
PGDDM Diploma In Diabetology
Diabetologist, Siwan
Diabetes & Obesity - Understanding The Link Between Them!
Diabetes is a complex group of diseases with a variety of causes. People with diabetes have high blood glucose, also called high blood sugar or hyperglycemia. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism, the way the body uses digested food for energy. The digestive tract breaks down carbohydrates, sugars and starches found in many foods, into glucose, a form of sugar that enters the bloodstream. Diabetes develops when the body doesn't make enough insulin or is not able to use insulin effectively, or both. The two main types of diabetes are: Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 diabetes typically occurs in children and young adults, though it can appear at any age. In the past, type 1 diabetes was called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Heredity plays an important part in determining who is likely to develop type 1 diabetes. Genes are passed down from biological parent to child. Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 diabetes develops most often in middle-aged and older people who are also overweight or obese. The disease, once rare in youth, is becoming more common in overweight and obese children and adolescents. Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of factors, including insulin resistance, a condition in which the body's muscle, fat, and liver cells do not use insulin effectively. Physical Inactivity, Obesity, and Diabetes: Physical inactivity and obesity are strongly associated with the development of type 2 diabetes. People who are genetically susceptible to type 2 diabetes are more vulnerable when these risk factors are present. About 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. An imbalance between caloric intake and physical activity can lead to obesity, which causes insulin resistance and is common in people with type 2 diabetes. Central obesity, in which a person has excess abdominal fat, is a major risk factor not only for insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes but also for heart and blood vessel disease, also called cardiovascular disease (CVD). This excess belly fat produces hormones and other substances that can cause harmful, chronic effects in the body such as damage to blood vessels. So, measuring your waist is a quick way of assessing your diabetes risk. This is a measure of abdominal obesity, which is a particularly high-risk form of obesity. Women have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes if their waist measures 80cm (31.5 inches) or more. Asian men with a waist size of 89cm (35 inches) or more have a higher risk, as do white or black men with a waist size of 94cm (37 inches) or more. Simple Steps to Lower Your Risk: Making a few lifestyle changes can dramatically lower the chances of developing type 2 diabetes. The same changes can also lower the chances of developing heart disease and other life taking cancers. 1. Control Your Weight: Being overweight increases the chances of developing type 2 diabetes seven-fold. Being obese makes you 20 to 40 times more likely to develop diabetes than someone with a healthy weight. Losing weight can help if your weight is above the healthy-weight range. Check your BMI. Losing 7 to 10 percent of your current weight can cut your chances of developing type 2 diabetes in half. 2. Get Moving and Turn Off the Television: Inactivity promotes type 2 diabetes. Working your muscles more often and making them work harder improves their ability to use insulin and absorb glucose. This puts less stress on your insulin-making cells. 3. Tune Up Your Diet: Four dietary changes can have a big impact on the risk of type 2 diabetes- Choose whole grains and whole grain products over highly processed carbohydrates. Skip the sugary drinks, and choose water, coffee, or tea instead. Choose good fats instead of bad fats. Limit red meat and avoid processed meat; choose nuts, whole grains, poultry, or fish instead. If you are already suffering from diabetes, then do take a walk everyday and adopt healthy eating habits. Along with that relieve your stress and take proper doses of insulin or medications as prescribed by your doctor.
2659 people found this helpful

Obesity In Children - Ways To Prevent It!

Dr. Lata Bhat 90% (157 ratings)
Fellowship in Neonatology, MRCPCH(UK), Diploma in Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician, Delhi
Obesity In Children - Ways To Prevent It!
Research shows that overweight children have a higher chances of developing chronic health problems such as hypertension, asthma, high cholesterol, and even cancer as they grow up. Apart from these health conditions, being obese can cause severe self-esteem problems as well. In short, obesity in children, more specifically childhood obesity, can affect the overall physical, mental and emotional health of your child. Here are 5 easy ways to prevent your child from falling into the perils of obesity. 1. Develop healthy eating habits in your child Encouraging your little ones to develop healthy eating habits is vital for maintaining optimum body weight. Instead of high sugar and high fat foods, a child s diet should consist of fruits, vegetables and whole-grain foods (such as oats, quinoa and wheat). Proteins such as lean meats, lentils, beans and fish should be included in his/her eating plan as well. Most importantly, serving food in the right portion sizes will ensure your child is getting the right amount of nutrients, while preventing him/her from consuming empty calories. Inculcate these eating habits in them right from the time they are toddlers so that it stays with them as they get older. 2. Make your child avoid calorie-rich foods Getting your child to avoid fatty, sugary and salty foods can also prevent him from tipping over the weighing scale. Present before your child low sugar and low fat alternatives that he/she would enjoy eating such as apples, bananas, carrots, etc. 3. Encourage your child to pursue physical activity Try to encourage your child to engage in some form of physical activity for about 60 minutes every day. From brisk walking, swimming, dancing to skipping - your child could opt for any of these physical activities. Having your child lead an active life can see him/her enjoying a number of health benefits like respite from stress, strengthening of his/her bones and muscles and decrease in blood pressure, to name a few. 4. Put a limit on your child s TV time When it comes to the time that your child may spend before the TV, computer or other gizmos, it should be not more than half-an-hour per day. Instead, devise fun activities wherein your child as well other members of the family can take part in or ones in which your child does not need a company. 5. Ensure your child gets enough sleep Lastly, a good night s rest that lasts about 9-12 hours is vital for optimal weight maintenance. Studies reveal that children who slept for less than the required number of hours were more at risk of being obese. This is because less sleep causes fatigue, leading to a decrease in physical activity and therefore, use of energy. Hence, young kids need up to 8 to 10 hrs sleep but older kids need 6 to 8 hours sleep.
4949 people found this helpful

What Should You Know Before Opting Bariatric Surgery?

Dr. Nimesh Shah 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Mumbai
What Should You Know Before Opting Bariatric Surgery?
Obesity and a shapeless body are problems that plague many people around the world. Besides leading to an appearance that is less than ideal, it can also lead to severe health problems include heart failure, heart diseases, diabetes and more. While there are many ways to combat being overweight with the help of exercise and a proper diet and even medication, very severe causes of obesity can also be fixed with a surgical process known as Bariatric Surgery. So, here's everything you need to know about it. Affecting the Digestive Process: As per the normal digestive process, the food moves into the digestive tract, while its nutrients get collected with the help of a well functioning system that includes digestive juices and enzymes. This food moves through the digestive tract, passing through the oesophagus, before it goes down into the stomach where it meets the strong digestive acids, which break it down, and then it enters the small intestine. While the stomach can hold three pints of food at a time, there is a chance that some of this food may not get properly digested in the small intestine. In this case, the food enters the large intestine. Now, Bariatric Surgery helps in restricting the amount of food that a person can have and hold in the first place. The Process: This surgical procedure may be carried out by cutting open the stomach and removing a portion of the same. This procedure can also reroute the small intestine into the gastric pouch or the small stomach pouch. This process can also be done with laparoscopic invasion, where a few small incisions will be used to insert a tiny camera and instruments for the process. Ideal Candidates: If your BMI or body mass index is more than 40, then you can opt for this kind of surgery, as mere dieting and exercising will not help you in your weight loss endeavour. This surgery can also help in preventing the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The patient also has to have reached the normal adult height in order to qualify for this surgery. Side Effects: After the surgery, the patient may experience a few side effects including leakages and bleeding. An incisional or an internal hernia may also occur after the surgery. Also, for patients who have a poor diet, there may be complications after the surgery due to less intake of necessary vitamins and minerals. Once you undergo the surgery, it is important to commit to a proper diet with less food intake and proper exercise on a lifelong basis.
2124 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I have an obesity problem How should I get solution for my problem? Please advise me.

M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Faridabad
Hi, Try to regularise your meals into small and frequent meals. Include good amounts of fibre rich diet like whole grain cereals, vegetables and fruits. Avoid fruit juices and carbonated beverages. Include lean meat, skin out chicken, fish and egg white. Avoid fried meat, oily foods, egg omelette and red meat. Avoid junk food and include green tea, oats, sprouts and drink plenty of water. Work out regularly either morning or evening depending on your convenience. Take steps instead of lift and keep a check on high fat and high carbohydrate foods that you consume. Take a light dinner consisting of less carbohydrate and moderate protein. Maintain 2 hours gap between dinner and sleep.

Sir main high cholesterol aur obesity se pareshaan Hun aur mujhe aaj kal gale me kuchh phansa hua mehsus hota hai laar nigalne me bhi takleef hota phir khud se theek ho jata hai. please suggest me sir.

Dr. Sameer Mehrotra 92% (970 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Cardiac Device Specialist (CCDS - Physician )
Cardiologist, Delhi
Please consult a cardiologist for tests like ECG, TMT and medications if required. Also take a diet consult from a dietician. If all tests are found to be normal you should also start with daily exercise.
1 person found this helpful

I am Very Much Concern about my belly, it's taking away all the Smartness. Worried what will happen in future if not taken any Required Precautions. Kindly advice & Suggest.

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 94% (17503 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hello, Tk, ,plenty of water. Go for a walk in the morning. Go for meditation. Your diet be easily digestible on time. Avoid, junk food, alcohol, nicotine, piza burger. Go for aerobic, specially for abdominal exercise. Tk, Homoeo medicine:@ Phyto berry Q-10 drops, thrice with little water. Tk, care.
2 people found this helpful

I am suffering from obesity please help my weight is 93 kg n height is 5.4 inches im suffering from depression.

Dt. Riyaz Khan 93% (2235 ratings)
Diploma in Diet and Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Hyderabad
Aim for long term weight loss @ 2 Kg per month = 24 kgs in an year. Aspire to be fit and smart and slim..>> Add more 2-3 Fruits to your daily diet. Double your water intake..>> Cut down Sweets/Biscuits/ Colas/Juices from your diet. .>> Cut down Puris/Parathas/Pizzas/Burgers/Fried Rice..>> Eat slowly and mindfully.   Reduce portion size..>> Exercise daily - 'Intense' Cardio for 40-60 mins.  This will keep you toned and trim..>> Love yourself and respect your body.

I am taking reshape natural and orlistat 120 mg to treat my moderate obesity. I am under treatment for 4 months .Advise me when to stop my medicine and how to manage my overweight after the stoppage of medicine. Pls give a diet plan for the management of obesity.

Dt. Amar Singh 91% (10183 ratings)
B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition, Nutrition Certification,Registered Dietitian
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
You can stop medicines after 6 months of dosage. Medicines alone will not help you lose weight. You have to exercise and eat well to lose weight even after stopping the medicines. Cut down the excess carbs. If you want to lose weight you should start by avoiding sugar and starch (like bread). A low carb diet reduces your hunger and makes it easier to eat less. And it might even increase your fat burning at rest. Don’t skip meals. Skipping meals will not make you lose weight faster. That strategy backfires because your body thinks food is in short supply, so it slows your metabolism in order to conserve energy. Over time, the result is that when you do eat — even if you consume the same foods as always — your body will be slower to use the calories as fuel, thus creating a backlog of unwanted pounds.  Stay hydrated. You've heard it before, and you'll hear it again. That's because drinking 64 ounces of water daily is one of the easiest ways to speed up weight loss. Your body needs water in order to efficiently metabolize stored fat. When you shortchange your supply, you're likely to slow down that process, meaning it's more difficult for you to burn calories. An easy eight glasses a day (at least!) will keep your system running smoothly. Start exercising. Strength training builds lean muscle tissue, which burns more calories — at work or at rest — 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The more lean muscle you have, the faster you'll slim down. How do you start strength training? Try some push-ups or a few squats or lunges. Use your free weights to perform simple biceps curls or triceps pulls right in your home or office. Do these exercises three to four times per week, and you'll soon see a rapid improvement in your physique. Go for an evening walk. An evening activity may be particularly beneficial because many people's metabolism slows down toward the end of the day. Thirty minutes of aerobic activity before dinner increases your metabolic rate and may keep it elevated for another two or three hours, even after you've stopped moving. What that means for you: Those dinner calories have less of a chance to take up permanent residence on your hips. Take adequate rest. You should also make an effort to get enough good sleep, preferably every night. Strive to wake up refreshed of your own accord, independently of the alarm clock. If you’re the kind of person who always gets brutally woken up by the alarm ringing, you might never be giving your body adequate rest. Supplement vitamins and minerals. Nutrient-dense, good food is certainly the foundation of weight loss. But an adequate amount of vitamin D can be difficult to ingest via food. In the case of a lack of sun (such as during the darker months of autumn and winter), it’s wise to supplement for multiple health reasons – and perhaps even for your weight.
3 people found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Obesity and Homeopathy

Dr. Imtiyaz Jaliwala 89% (168 ratings)
DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Vadodara
Surrounding your dining room with the colour 'blue' will definitely help you lose weight! True or False? Take the quiz to find out.
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