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Overview

Sugar - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Sugar?

Sugar, which is medically known as diabetes or diabetes mellitus, is a group of metabolic disease in which the patient has a high blood sugar (blood glucose), either because the patient’s body cells are not responding properly to insulin or because the insulin production in the patient’s body is inadequate. Patients suffering from this disease typically experience polyphagia (extreme hunger), polydipsia (get very often thirsty) or polyuria (frequent urination).Diabetes is a long term malady.

There are two types of diabetes.

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes

In Type 1 Diabetes, which constitutes around 10% of all diabetes cases, the patient’s body does not produce insulin.In Type 2 Diabetes, which constitutes around 90% of all diabetes cases globally, the body does not produce enough insulin.

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes

In Type 1 Diabetes, which constitutes around 10% of all diabetes cases, the patient’s body does not produce insulin.In Type 2 Diabetes, which constitutes around 90% of all diabetes cases globally, the body does not produce enough insulin.

Affects and Consiquences :

There is also another type of diabetes that only sometimes affects women during their pregnancy.

Patients suffering from this illness need to eat healthy, test their blood sugar level regularly and remain physically active. Patients are advised by the doctor to take insulin to control their blood sugar level and also take oral medication for overall wellbeing. Diabetes patients must also check their cholesterol and blood pressure level regularly. It has been noted, diabetes patients are at a greater risk of facing cardiovascular diseases. As smoking affects your cardiovascular health, hence diabetes patients are advised to quit smokingLow blood sugar level in the body is known as hypoglycemia, and when it gets higher it is medically called hyperglycemia. It was noticed that as we get older we tend to develop the risk of getting affected by type 2 diabetes. Although experts are not sure about the reason, but it is assumed that it happens, because ageing makes us put on weight and we also remain less physically active as we grow old.

African, Middle Eastern and South Asian people have a higher risk of developing this disease.

What Experts say :

Experts are also of the opinion that men who have low testosterone level, have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Some of the diseases that affect diabetes patients are cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, skin disorders, ischemic heart disease, gum diseases, Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome, kidney disease and male impotence.

Generally people suffering from both types of diabetes have healing problems, whereby their cuts and wounds takes longer to get healed.The A1C test, fasting plasma glucose test and oral glucose tolerance test are some of the tests done by the doctor to find whether the patient is suffering from this disease.

Type Diabetes
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Intense thirst and hunger which remains throughout the day. Urge for frequent urination. Feeling fatigued during most part of the day. Having cuts and bruises that take long or doesn't heal. Male sexual dysfunction along with feeling of tingling and numbness in the hands and feet.

Popular Health Tips

How The Affect Of Glycemic Index Varies From Person To Person?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - General Medicine, Post Graduate Diploma In Diabetology (PGDD), FCCP
Endocrinologist, Surat
How The Affect Of Glycemic Index Varies From Person To Person?

When you are suffering from Diabetes, your first concern would be is to keep your sugar level in check. For this, you need to measure your dietary needs and keep your sugar level in control. Carbohydrates are the main source of sugar in your body. While making your diet chart, make sure that you do include carbohydrates, but only those which would not tamper with your sugar levels randomly. There are certain foods which would shoot up your sugar level to an undesired amount. This would in turn cause various other health problems. The question that arises here is, how would you distinguish between good carbohydrates and bad carbohydrates for your body? Well, the easiest way to differentiate is the use of Glycemic Index (GI).

What is Glycemic Index (GI)?
Glycemic index is a measurement of how soon the body changes carbohydrate foods into glucose. It is usually mentioned in the nutritional information segment behind every packaged food. This would help you to understand whether it can be consumed by you or not, keeping in mind your stage of diabetes and other dietary restrictions that your medical practitioner might have asked you to follow. The lower the number is, say fifty and lower, then it is usually safe for consumption as it takes a long time to convert to glucose. But, if the food has a higher number, say, seventy and above, then it becomes difficult for you consume it as it can harm your body. A Glycemic index is important information that you need to check before buying your food in case you suffer from diabetes.

The index can change from individual to individual:
This is an interesting yet unnerving fact that the index may change from person to person. The statistics mentioned on the packaging is just a starting point. Depending on how the food item is later cooked and what ingredients go into it, the Glycemic index may go down or go up. Some of the important factors for the changing index are the time the food is eaten, the way it is prepared as well as other foods that are consumed along with it. Foods break down into chemical compounds within our body. So, it is nothing but a chemical reaction which might increase or decrease depending upon the other variables.

Thus, these are some essential facts that you need to know about the Glycemic index. It is important to check GI, even at a base level, before purchasing your food; so that later on it does not create an imbalance in your diet schedule.

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Role Of Insulin In Diabetes

MD - General Medicine, DM - Endocrinology, MBBS
Endocrinologist, Delhi
Play video

Blood sugar needs to be maintained in a very narrow range in the human body. Insulin and glucagon are the hormones which make this happen. Glucose levels are tightly controlled by insulin so that the rate of glucose production by the liver is matched by the rate of use by the cells.

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Glucose Benefits, Sources and Side Effects in Hindi - ग्लूकोस के स्रोत, फायदे और नुकसान

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Glucose Benefits, Sources and Side Effects in Hindi - ग्लूकोस के स्रोत, फायदे और नुकसान

हमारी सभी गतिविधियों के लिए ऊर्जा की आवश्यकता है. यहाँ तक कि हमें चलने और साँस लेने के लिए भी ऊर्जा की आवश्यकता होती है. हमारी दैनिक आवश्यकताओं के लिए आवश्यक ऊर्जा का स्रोत ग्लूकोज होता है. हमारे शरीर को ग्लूकोज हमारे आहार में खाए गए स्टार्च और शुगर से प्राप्त होता है. पाचन की प्रक्रिया के दौरान इंसुलिन की सहायता से स्टार्च और शुगर चीनी में टूट जाते हैं. तब ग्लूकोज कोशिकाओं की दीवार में प्रवेश करता है. अगर भोजन में अधिक मात्रा में शुगर होता है तो यह हमारे मांसपेशियों, लिवर और शरीर के अन्य भागों में जमा हो जाता है जो बाद में फैट के रूप में परिवर्तित हो जाता है.

ग्लूकोज के स्रोत
चूंकि ग्लूकोज वजन बढ़ाने और कम करने दोनों तरीकों से काम करता है इसलिए ग्लूकोज को अपने आहार में शामिल करने के लिए सावधानी बरतनी चाहिए. तो चलिए हम आपको बताते हैं कि किस तरह के ग्लूकोज आहार का आपको सेवन करना चाहिए. ताजे फल जैसे तरबूज, रास्पबेरी, अंगूर, ब्लूबेरी, नाशपाती और बेर आपको फाइबर, बहुत अधिक पानी और नेचुरल शुगर प्रदान करते हैं. अतः इन फाइबर युक्त फलों का सेवन करें. रिफाइंड अनाज के सेवन से बेहतर है कि आप साबूत अनाज का सेवन करें. ये आपको फाइबर और पोटेशियम, मैग्नीशियम और सेलेनियम प्रदान करते हैं. अनाज को रिफाइन करने से पोषक तत्व और फाइबर की मात्रा कम हो जाती है. वैसे तो सभी अनाज ग्लूकोज प्रदान करते हैं लेकिन साबुत अनाज अतिरिक्त लाभ प्रदान करते हैं. साबुत अनाज से बने आइटम जैसे ब्रेड आपको बाजार में मिल जाएंगी हैं.
फलियां प्रोटीन का समृद्ध स्रोत हैं और इनमें पोटेशियम, मैग्नीशियम, सेलेनियम और फोलेट जैसे आवश्यक जैसे पोषक तत्व भी शामिल होते हैं. सेम, दाल और मटर में फाइबर (घुलनशील और अघुलनशील) प्रोटीन होते हैं और इसमें किसी भी प्रकार का कोलेस्ट्रॉल नहीं होता है. ये अन्य खाद्य पदार्थों की तुलना में अधिक फायदेमंद होते हैं. फलियों में कोलेस्ट्रॉल और संतृप्त वसा नहीं होता है इसलिए हृदय रोगियों के लिए बहुत लाभदायक है. संतृप्त वसा का सेवन सीमित करने के लिए हमें कम वसा वाले डेयरी उत्पादों का उपयोग करना चाहिए. कम वसा वाले डेयरी उत्पाद हमें कम कैलोरी के साथ विटामिन, खनिज, प्रोटीन, और कैल्शियम देते हैं. पर यह सुनिश्चित करना आवश्यक है कि आप जिस भी डेयरी उत्पाद का सेवन करते हैं उसमें चीनी की मात्रा ज्यादा नहीं होनी चाहिए.

ग्लूकोज के फायदे
रेशेदार भोजन यानि फाइबर युक्त आहार कुछ बीमारियों जैसे टाइप 2 मधुमेह और मोटापे से लड़ने में हमारी मदद करते हैं. फाइबर अपच और कोलेस्ट्रॉल और हृदय रोगों को नियंत्रण में रखने में मदद करता है. फाइबर हम साबुत अनाज से प्राप्त कर सकते हैं. व्यायाम और उचित कैलोरी का सेवन कई बीमारियों जैसे टाइप 2 मधुमेह और हृदय संबंधी समस्याओं को रोकने में मदद करता है. कम वसा, कम कोलेस्ट्रॉल वाले कार्बोहाइड्रेट्स हृदय संबंधी बीमारियों का खतरा कम कर सकते हैं.
हम में से कई लोग वजन बढ़ने के लिए ग्लूकोज को दोषी मानते हैं. लेकिन उचित तरीके से ग्लूकोज का सेवन आपके वजन को कम करने या नियंत्रित करने में मदद करता है. यदि आप सही तरह से अपने आहार में फल, सब्जियों और रेशेदार खाद्य पदार्थों का सेवन करते हैं तो यह आपका वजन कम करने में मदद करते हैं. ग्लूकोज में समृद्ध आहार वजन घटाने और मांसपेशियों को टोन करने में फायदेमंद है.

ग्लूकोज की अधिक मात्रा के नुकसान
अधिक मात्रा में ग्लूकोज के सेवन से शरीर में कैलोरी की मात्रा बढ़ सकती है जिसके कारण मोटापा हो सकता है. पर्याप्त मात्रा में ग्लूकोज क सेवन नहीं करने से कुपोषण की समस्या हो सकती है. अधिक मात्रा में चीनी का सेवन हमारे स्वस्थ के लिए अच्छा नहीं होता है. यह हमरे वजन को बढ़ाने के साथ-साथ खराब पोषण प्रदान करते है और इसके सेवन से दातों की क्षय भी हो सकती है. इसलिए कैंडी, शुगर ड्रिंक, मिठाई के सेवन से बचें. ये आपको कैलोरी के सिवा कोई पोषण प्रदान नहीं करते हैं.

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Hypoglycemia: When Blood Sugar Is Too Low

MBBS, MD - Paediatrics, FRACP - Pediatrc Endocrinology, SCE, Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Kanpur
Hypoglycemia: When Blood Sugar Is Too Low

Hypoglycemia, commonly referred to as low blood sugar is the condition of the body, when the level of blood sugar falls down below the normal level. This accounts for clumsiness, feeling shaky, feeling confused, losing consciousness, serious seizure. Severe lowering of blood sugar may cause death. You are likely to feel exhausted and very hungry. The symptoms usually show quite quickly.

Hypoglycemia is commonly caused due to diabetes medicine like insulin, sulfonylureas or biguanides. Starving for long hours, over straining the body or extreme alcohol consumption may lead to hypoglycemia. Failure of the kidneys, liver diseases, metabolism disorders also lead to hyperglycemia.

Fall in the the blood-sugar level must be taken very seriously and never be ignored. If you feel the symptoms of lowered blood sugar, it is advised that you immediately take a sugar test. You must also indulge in high calorie food items such as sweets or chocolates. You need to increase the glucose intake, so that the blood-sugar level rises up.

Here are some steps you should follow to control hyperglycemia.

Keep away from the practices which lead to hyperglycemia: The best way of keeping away from hyperglycemia is by taking all measures which would avoid the condition to develop. The medical schedule of diabetic patients should be closely monitored and optimized by the patient's caregivers. Their lifestyle should be kept under check. It should be ensured that the patients do not skip meals. Insulin should be avoided as much possible.

  1. Discuss problems with the patient: Patients and their guardians must be properly educated about the disease, and what important steps they should take, in spite of all kinds of prevention treatments they take. Teach them about the symptoms and the steps to be taken in case of any emergency. Use of glucose tablets should be encouraged. They must know that the process is ongoing. Every patient is different from another and hyperglycemia differs from person to person.
  2. Use glucagon: Glucagon is basically a hormone which stimulates the liver to release pre-stored glucose all over your bloodstream in case your blood-sugar level falls down steadily. Glucagon is usually injected, and kits are available. Prescribed by doctors, glucagon can be used to treat a person who has fallen unconscious after a fatal reaction due to insulin. You should consult an expert before buying a glucagon kit.

Hypoglycemia is a serious problem. Lowering or fall in your blood-sugar level must never be ignored, and measures must be taken to regain your sugar balance immediately. For more information regarding hypoglycemia, comment in this section.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Difference Between Jaggery And Sugar

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Difference Between Jaggery And Sugar

Difference Between Jaggery And Sugar

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Popular Questions & Answers

Hello doctor .my diabetic patient .yesterday I have gone through the sugar test and results are glucose fasting :- 278 and glucose (PP) :- 323.

BHMS
Homeopath, Secunderabad
Since it is high, it needs proper care (take good care of your health by following a disciplined and healthy lifestyle) and medical treatment (which needs to be reviewed again by your doctor ). It is all about a good coordination between your discipline and the treatment regimen. Once you understand this important aspect then you will strive to take it as a challenge and bring about positive changes in your daily routine. Read more from the internet) about healthy lifestyle and how it influences the outcome of Diabetes management. Please discuss with your doctor and also take the help of a dietician if needed so as to fine-tune your calorie intake (it should be a balanced diet with calorie restriction ). Include physical activity as part of your daily routine. (You can choose any sports or exercise regime along with yoga and pranayam ).

My sugar level is fasting-142 and pp-251 and HBA1C -8.6% With taking Tripride 1 mg before breakfast. STARVOG m 0.2 Before lunch. Glycomet 500 S.R before dinner. And cobadex czs after dinner.

Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Ayurveda, Kanpur
Basant kusumakar ras 125 mg twice a day gudmar kshar 500 mg twice a day relief in 8-10 days and for complete cure take it for 60 days only.
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Hi, my father is diagnosed with diabetes from few days. There blood sugar level is 325 and now they taking metformin gluconorm G1 tablet. Is there any side effect of this drugs.

BHMS
Homeopath, Secunderabad
It is essential to be vigilant and be aware of the importance of leading a healthy lifestyle and not just depend on the medicines. It is the combined effect of your habits and the medicines that play a major role in the control of blood sugar. Therefore always go for regular health check up and follow the advise of the doctor. The motto of treatment is to gain maximum benefit from the medicines (the doctor has to select the medicines based on your individual needs and current health condition) while avoiding the side-effects. If you give priority to your health and make the necessary lifestyle changes then the need for medical treatment can be kept at minimum. Read (from the internet) about the positive effects of diet control and exercise (including yoga - pranayam and meditation etc) and adapt the good habits.

Sir I have jus checked my routine sugar check up. Today I got test result .my fasting blood sugar level is 94 mg/dl. Is it normal. please suggest me.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. Blood glucose fasting 94 mg is within the normal range. Thanks.
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Hi, All tests are normal like thyroid, sugar,lipid profile but CBC report shows that Haemoglobin=7.4 Tlc=4.44 RBC=4.17 Mcv=34.5 Mch=17.7 Mchc=27.5 Platelets=2.61lakhs Pcv=26.9 Anemia to h. Sir what's the problem in this report and or aage kyaa test karane chahiye? Please write.

MBBS, MD, DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Indore
There are multiple reasons of anemia like loss of blood in any discharge, inability of body to form new blood, life span of red blood cells is reduced, etc. So the cause needs to be diagnosed first. 1. Eat Iron-Rich Foods - Some good iron-based foods are liver, red meat, tofu, spinach, almonds, dates, lentils, fortified breakfast cereals, almonds 2. Increase Vitamin C Intake - Low hemoglobin levels due to a deficiency of vitamin C can be corrected by eating more foods rich in vitamin C. Iron cannot be fully absorbed by the body without the help of this vitamin. Eat foods rich in vitamin C like papaya, oranges, lemon, strawberries, bell peppers, broccoli, grapefruit, tomatoes and spinach. 3. Take Folic Acid - Folic acid, a B-complex vitamin, is required to make red blood cells. So, a folic acid deficiency automatically leads to a low hemoglobin level. Some good food sources of folic acid are green leafy vegetables, rice, sprouts, dried beans, wheat germ, fortified cereals, peanuts, bananas, broccoli and liver. 4. Beetroots - Beetroot is highly recommended to increase hemoglobin levels. It is high in iron, folic acid as well as fiber and potassium. Its nutritional value helps increase the body’s red blood cell count 5. Apples - An apple a day can help maintain a normal hemoglobin level. Apples are rich in iron along with various other health-friendly components that are required for a healthy hemoglobin count. For homeopathic medicine, contact us after treatment, we will go for blood test once again.

Table of Content

What is Sugar?

There are two types of diabetes.

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes

In Type 1 Diabetes, which constitutes around 10% of all diabetes cases, the patient’s body does not produce insulin.In Type 2 Diabetes, which constitutes around 90% of all diabetes cases globally, the body does not produce enough insulin.

Affects and Consiquences :

What Experts say :