Lybrate Logo
Get the App
For Doctors
Login/Sign-up
Book Appointment
Treatment
Ask a Question
Plan my Surgery
Health Feed
tab_logos
About
tab_logos
Health Feed
tab_logos
Find Doctors

Sugar - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Last Updated: Jun 10, 2024

What is Sugar?

Sugar, which is medically known as diabetes or diabetes mellitus, is a group of metabolic disease in which the patient has a high blood sugar (blood glucose), either because the patient’s body cells are not responding properly to insulin or because the insulin production in the patient’s body is inadequate. Patients suffering from this disease typically experience polyphagia (extreme hunger), polydipsia (get very often thirsty) or polyuria (frequent urination).Diabetes is a long term malady.

There are two types of diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes In Type 1 Diabetes, which constitutes around 10% of all diabetes cases, the patient’s body does not produce insulin.In Type 2 Diabetes, which constitutes around 90% of all diabetes cases globally, the body does not produce enough insulin.

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes

In Type 1 Diabetes, which constitutes around 10% of all diabetes cases, the patient’s body does not produce insulin.In Type 2 Diabetes, which constitutes around 90% of all diabetes cases globally, the body does not produce enough insulin.

Affects and Consiquences :

There is also another type of diabetes that only sometimes affects women during their pregnancy.

Patients suffering from this illness need to eat healthy, test their blood sugar level regularly and remain physically active. Patients are advised by the doctor to take insulin to control their blood sugar level and also take oral medication for overall wellbeing. Diabetes patients must also check their cholesterol and blood pressure level regularly. It has been noted, diabetes patients are at a greater risk of facing cardiovascular diseases. As smoking affects your cardiovascular health, hence diabetes patients are advised to quit smokingLow blood sugar level in the body is known as hypoglycemia, and when it gets higher it is medically called hyperglycemia. It was noticed that as we get older we tend to develop the risk of getting affected by type 2 diabetes. Although experts are not sure about the reason, but it is assumed that it happens, because ageing makes us put on weight and we also remain less physically active as we grow old.

African, Middle Eastern and South Asian people have a higher risk of developing this disease.

What Experts say :

Experts are also of the opinion that men who have low testosterone level, have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Some of the diseases that affect diabetes patients are cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, skin disorders, ischemic heart disease, gum diseases, Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome, kidney disease and male impotence.

Generally people suffering from both types of diabetes have healing problems, whereby their cuts and wounds takes longer to get healed.The A1C test, fasting plasma glucose test and oral glucose tolerance test are some of the tests done by the doctor to find whether the patient is suffering from this disease.

Type Diabetes

Popular Questions & Answers

View All

My husband has a history of uric acid (above 6)...

related_content_doctor

Dr. Hariharan

Orthopedic Doctor

It is reversible 100 % with diet please contact mobile in what's app if you have gout, a form of ...

I am g atta, age 46 weight 67, hight 6" 6'bp no...

related_content_doctor

Dr. Hariharan

Orthopedic Doctor

Greetings from ortho clinic, a diabetic diet in india is similar to a healthy balanced diet recom...

My last three readings 2 hours after dinner is ...

related_content_doctor

Dr. Yesha Gajiwala

General Physician

The tablet you’re taking is fine try to exercise more so that your sugar levels are on lower side.

Hi. My mother is 56 and her sugar levels are mo...

related_content_doctor

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar

Endocrinologist

Hello, thanks for the query. I have gone through the information given. You have mentioned only t...

Hi i'm undergoing skin treatment due to hyperpi...

related_content_doctor

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar

Endocrinologist

Hello, thanks for the query. I have seen the details mentioned. Your insulin level is with in the...

Table of content

Content Details
Profile Image
Written ByDr. Akhilesh Singh Post Graduate Course In Diabetology,CCEBDM(DIABETOLOGY) & CCMH ( CARDIOLOGY)General Physician
Reviewed By
Profile Image
Reviewed ByDr. Bhupindera Jaswant SinghMD - Consultant PhysicianGeneral Physician
Need more help 

15+ Years of Surgical Experience

All Insurances Accepted

EMI Facility Available at 0% Rate

Find Diabetologist near me

pms_banner
chat_icon

Ask a free question

Get FREE multiple opinions from Doctors

posted anonymously
lybrate_youtube
lybrate_youtube
lybrate_youtube
lybrate_youtube
lybrate_youtube

Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice