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Overview

Sugar - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Sugar, which is medically known as diabetes or diabetes mellitus, is a group of metabolic disease in which the patient has a high blood sugar (blood glucose), either because the patient’s body cells are not responding properly to insulin or because the insulin production in the patient’s body is inadequate. Patients suffering from this disease typically experience polyphagia (extreme hunger), polydipsia (get very often thirsty) or polyuria (frequent urination). Diabetes is a long term malady. There are two types of diabetes.

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes

In Type 1 Diabetes, which constitutes around 10% of all diabetes cases, the patient’s body does not produce insulin. In Type 2 Diabetes, which constitutes around 90% of all diabetes cases globally, the body does not produce enough insulin. There is also another type of diabetes that only sometimes affects women during their pregnancy.

Patients suffering from this illness need to eat healthy, test their blood sugar level regularly and remain physically active. Patients are advised by the doctor to take insulin to control their blood sugar level and also take oral medication for overall wellbeing. Diabetes patients must also check their cholesterol and blood pressure level regularly. It has been noted, diabetes patients are at a greater risk of facing cardiovascular diseases. As smoking affects your cardiovascular health, hence diabetes patients are advised to quit smoking Low blood sugar level in the body is known as hypoglycemia, and when it gets higher it is medically called hyperglycemia. It was noticed that as we get older we tend to develop the risk of getting affected by type 2 diabetes. Although experts are not sure about the reason, but it is assumed that it happens, because ageing makes us put on weight and we also remain less physically active as we grow old.

African, Middle Eastern and South Asian people have a higher risk of developing this disease.

Experts are also of the opinion that men who have low testosterone level, have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Some of the diseases that affect diabetes patients are cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, skin disorders, ischemic heart disease, gum diseases, Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome, kidney disease and male impotence.

Generally people suffering from both types of diabetes have healing problems, whereby their cuts and wounds takes longer to get healed. The A1C test, fasting plasma glucose test and oral glucose tolerance test are some of the tests done by the doctor to find whether the patient is suffering from this disease.

Type Diabetes
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Intense thirst and hunger which remains throughout the day. Urge for frequent urination. Feeling fatigued during most part of the day. Having cuts and bruises that take long or doesn't heal. Male sexual dysfunction along with feeling of tingling and numbness in the hands and feet.

Popular Health Tips

Managing Diabetes - What Exactly Will Help?

Dr. Piyush Desai 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - General Medicine, Post Graduate Diploma In Diabetology (PGDD), FCCP
Endocrinologist, Surat
Managing Diabetes - What Exactly Will Help?
Keeping the blood sugar at the recommended level can be a challenging task at times. While timely medication is a key prerequisite for controlling diabetes, lifestyle changes plays an important role in keeping the blood sugar under control. Here is a list of simple yet effective ways of managing diabetes. Food Portion size and carbohydrate count: Carbohydrates are the single most important food element that impacts the level of blood sugar in body. People taking insulin shots should ensure that the portion size of carbohydrates does not exceed the recommended level. Maintaining a diary to keep a check on the carbohydrate count can help in this case. Balanced diet: For people suffering from diabetes, it is necessary to have a good mix of fruits, vegetables, fat, starch and protein in each meal. Carbohydrates should be consumed in the form of fruits and whole grains. A doctor advice in this matter can be of great help. Avoid sweetened beverages: Sweetened beverages with high sucrose and fructose content have high-calorie content that can directly impact the blood-sugar level. Refraining from these sweetened drinks is a must for diabetes patients. Exercise Make an exercise plan: Exercising for half hour on a daily basis is highly beneficial for diabetes patients. It makes sense to consult a doctor about the type of exercise that can be done regularly. The right mix of aerobic, cardio and muscle exercise should do the trick. Stay hydrated: Staying hydrated is very important during exercise. Dehydration can bring down the blood-sugar level drastically. Be prepared: Carrying a small dose of glucose or a snack can come in handy. In case the blood-sugar level drops to an alarming level while exercising, the glucose will ensure that it brings it back to normal quickly. Alcohol Follow the doctor s instruction: Alcohol is known to cause a lot of complications for diabetic patients. For people whose diabetes is under control, make sure that the doctor gives his go ahead for alcohol consumption. Drink carefully: If you get a doctors nod to drink make sure that dry wines and light beer are consumed. These drinks tend to have lesser calories and carbohydrates. Their impact on the blood-sugar level, therefore, becomes minimal. Stress Pattern: Stress greatly increases the blood-sugar level. While it is difficult to be stress-free, try to look for a pattern by checking the blood-sugar level after prolonged stress. This will help to identify a pattern which can then be addressed with methods such as yoga, hobby practicing, laughter therapy, etc. Get help: Stress management is not an easy task. If stress cannot be controlled with a conventional approached, it makes sense to get professional help to reduce stress.

Cinnamon and Health Benefits

Dt. Surabhi Jain 92% (528 ratings)
MSc
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Lucknow
Cinnamon and Health Benefits
Dalcheeni, also known as cinnamon, cassia, Ceylon cinnamon or Saigon cinnamon is a commonly used spice, found to be a natural healer for various ailments. It provides pain relief and helps to treat infections because of its antiseptic and antimicrobial properties. Cinnamon is greatly productive in dealing with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) mainly because it helps in reducing insulin resistance, which is believed to be the major cause of PCOS. It also lowers down the blood sugar levels of diabetic patients. If mixed in hot water and consumed regularly, cinnamon can repress appetite and food yearnings, which helps women dealing with PCOS to cope with obesity. Cinnamon is also Scientifically proven to be a bountiful source of calcium, manganese and dietary fibre. Cinnamon boosts phosphorylation of insulin receptors which improves insulin function and sensitivity. A diet rich in cinnamon helps in revamping the menstrual cycle and also helps during pregnancy or by increasing fertility at the time of conception. Women with PCOS are comparatively more prone to developing diabetes and high blood sugar levels due to insulin dysfunction. Cinnamon balances the insulin levels and thus, lowers blood sugar and the pressure; and facilitates speedy weight loss. A cinnamon rich diet will also reduce the risk of acquiring cardiovascular diseases. After eating a carb-rich diet, women with PCOS face a rapid rise in insulin which causes multiple problems and hormonal dysfunctions. However, if they add cinnamon to the same diet, it will minimise the insulin reaction. It is, therefore, highly recommended by experts to include cinnamon in your diet if you have PCOS. Since it does not have any side effects, a teaspoon of dry cinnamon twice a day should pose no harm. It can also be consumed with water or in baked products like muffins. Even if you are taking medicines or other supplements, cinnamon is a safe choice. An overdose, however, might lead to hypoglycaemia, so do not consume more than two teaspoons a day.

Homeopathic Remedies For Diabetes!

Dr. Akanksha Tayal 93% (2206 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
Homeopathic Remedies For Diabetes!
Diabetes is a medical condition which occurs when the levels of blood glucose increases within your body. While you need blood glucose as a fuel for all the things that your body does, an excess of it causes diabetes and can be very harmful for your body. It can damage vital organs, blood vessels and other functions which may ultimately lead to death. In fact diabetes related complications are one of the leading causes of death around the world. Complications due to diabetes: Foot complications: Ulcers and neuropathy is caused due to diabetes. This sometimes leads to the amputation of the leg. Eye complications: Diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma is caused by diabetes. Stoke: If blood glucose, cholesterol levels, and blood pressure are not controlled in time, strokes can occur. Erectile dysfunction: Male impotence or erectile dysfunction can be caused due to diabetes. Infections: If you have diabetes, the risk of developing infections increases. Hearing loss and gum diseases- People who have diabetes are prone in developing gum diseases and hearing loss. Homeopathic remedies to control diabetes: Abroma Augusta: This is the most common and effective homeopathic medicine which is used to cure extreme weakness and weight loss due to diabetes. Some side effects of this medicine can be dryness of the mouth and increased thirst. Sometimes appetite and frequency of urination also increases. People with diabetes who have a hard time sleeping, can consume Abroma Augusta as it can cure this problem, and make you sleep properly. Phosphorous: This is very effective for treating Diabetes. People who have diabetes can also have a weak and distorted vision. Consumption of phosphorous helps to improve vision and treat weakness. Gymnema Sylvestre: Diabetes can cause weight loss, exhaustion, and weakness. Gymnema Sylvestre improves the overall health of a diabetic patient. This medicine helps to feel more energetic and also stops unwanted and unnatural levels of weight loss. Syzygium jambolanum: This is another one of the most commonly prescribed medications for diabetes and is one of the most effective in combating high sugar levels. It also helps to control the most common and irritating symptoms such as excessive thirst and frequent urination. Phosphoric acid: Diabetes may make you feel extremely tired and exhausted both mentally and physically. Phosphoric acid is an effective medication to energize you so that you can easily and quickly get back to your natural routine. It also helps get your memory back on track as diabetes can cause mental fatigue resulting in forgetfulness.
3 people found this helpful

Cinnamon and Health Benefits

Dt. Surabhi Jain 92% (528 ratings)
MSc
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Lucknow
Cinnamon and Health Benefits
Dalcheeni, also known as cinnamon, cassia, Ceylon cinnamon or Saigon cinnamon is a commonly used spice, found to be a natural healer for various ailments. It provides pain relief and helps to treat infections because of its antiseptic and antimicrobial properties. Cinnamon is greatly productive in dealing with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) mainly because it helps in reducing insulin resistance, which is believed to be the major cause of PCOS. It also lowers down the blood sugar levels of diabetic patients. If mixed in hot water and consumed regularly, cinnamon can repress appetite and food yearnings, which helps women dealing with PCOS to cope with obesity. Cinnamon is also Scientifically proven to be a bountiful source of calcium, manganese and dietary fibre. Cinnamon boosts phosphorylation of insulin receptors which improves insulin function and sensitivity. A diet rich in cinnamon helps in revamping the menstrual cycle and also helps during pregnancy or by increasing fertility at the time of conception. Women with PCOS are comparatively more prone to developing diabetes and high blood sugar levels due to insulin dysfunction. Cinnamon balances the insulin levels and thus, lowers blood sugar and the pressure; and facilitates speedy weight loss. A cinnamon rich diet will also reduce the risk of acquiring cardiovascular diseases. After eating a carb-rich diet, women with PCOS face a rapid rise in insulin which causes multiple problems and hormonal dysfunctions. However, if they add cinnamon to the same diet, it will minimise the insulin reaction. It is, therefore, highly recommended by experts to include cinnamon in your diet if you have PCOS. Since it does not have any side effects, a teaspoon of dry cinnamon twice a day should pose no harm. It can also be consumed with water or in baked products like muffins. Even if you are taking medicines or other supplements, cinnamon is a safe choice. An overdose, however, might lead to hypoglycaemia, so do not consume more than two teaspoons a day.
3 people found this helpful

Glycemic Index of Various Fruits

Dt. Surabhi Jain 92% (528 ratings)
MSc
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Lucknow
Glycemic Index is a method of examining food items to calculate how much they raise blood glucose. The Glycemic Index or Gl measures how rapidly an individual food breaks down into sugar in our blood stream. Higher the Glycemic index, the quicker that particular food turns into blood sugar. For all the health and diet conscious people out there, glycemic index is quite useful in determining the impact of the meal on their blood sugar levels. Knowledge of glycemic index helps prevent diabetes and also helps in its treatment. Glycemic index is divided into three ranges on a total scale of 1-100, 100 being pure glucose. Low Gl 55 or below Moderate Gl 56 to 69 High Gl 70 or above GLYCEMIC INDEX OF VARIOUS FRUITS Low Glycemic Index Fruits: Cherries -22, Plums -24, Grapefruit -25, Peaches -28, Peach -30, Apples -34, Pears -41, Dried Apricots -32, Grapes -43, Coconut -45, Coconut Milk -41, Kiwi Fruit -47, Oranges -40, Strawberries -40, Prunes -29 Medium Glycemic Index Fruits Mango -60, Sultanas -56, Bananas -58, Raisins -64, Papaya -60, Figs -61, Pineapple -66 High Glycemic Index Fruits: Watermelon -80, Dates -103 Glycemic Index is however, not a constant or absolutely reliable measure because sometimes there are different varieties of the same fruits and other factors like ripeness tend to differ from one fruit to another.
3 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I'm on glizid 40 once a day before breakfast since last 6 years but now my blood sugar keeps at high readings. Random blood sugar reading yesterday night showed 284 reading. Kindly suggest some medication 2 control d same.

Dr. Shakil Khan 91% (353 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Mumbai
Dear user High blood sugar level done randomly at night is not a good sign and if it's high it's a emergency I suggest consult your treating doctor Regards.

I am having high sugar (160 - 240). I started walking and having controlled diet along with Medicine. (DYNAGLIPT-M & GLYCIPHAGE 1gm). Is it require to take these medicines lifetime. Or I can stop it once sugar is controlled. Is there any disadvantages if I stop taking medicines once sugar is controlled. Thanks

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 95% (12604 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Hello, Thanks for the query. Please clarify what do you mean by saying "I am having high sugar (160 - 240). Because it does not say what is the fasting and PP level, plus no mention of HbA1c%. If you have already started Tenelegliptin and metformin, then it is good. I am sure your doctor must have already talked about how to take those drugs and how long. Drugs are just one part of the treatment. In addition regular exercise and diet control have more vital role to play. Diabetes being a Insulin hormone deficiency disease, can only be controlled by lifestyle change and appropriate drugs, there is no cure. Ideally fasting glucose should be maintained < 100 mg, PP 150 to 160 mg & HbA1c% <6.8, to say that one has good control. Thanks.

My fasting blood sugar is always 130 .140 .i am having istavel 100 in d night n gp1 in the morning.

Dr. Ambadi Kumar 93% (1520 ratings)
MD, Fellowship in Intergrative Medicine, MBBS
Integrated Medicine Specialist, Kochi
Diabetes is a lifestyle disease which requires a lifestyle solution and never medications. Pharmaceutical industry along with doctors have confused people that this disease requires medication what you have to remember is you need education and not medication. What you require is a complete lifestyle and dietary change. Do not use wheat- eat a low carb healthy fat, high fiber diet sleep well exercise daily you will have to take some natural supplements which will reduce blood without causing any side effects treat the root cause and not the symptoms Take a consult and reverse your diabetes naturally with lifestyle and diet and supplements and very rarely medication.
1 person found this helpful

I have been diagnosed as diabetic since 6 years, and I am 36 years now. Taking Lupisulin 30/70 m100 .morning 24 before breakfast and 18 before dinner. Yesterday checked the sugar level it is 110. I have been even taking Panlipase 10000 for digestion. Can you suggest alternative medicine for panlipase for this medicine as this is too costly.

Dr. Ravindra Chhajed 93% (202 ratings)
MBBS, FCPS - Medicine, DNB - General Medicine (I)
Endocrinologist, Pune
Your fasting sugar is definitely good. Get post prandial glucose level and HBA1c. Alternative medicine at lower cost can be suggested. Get connected on my profile for prescription.

I am having high Sugar (140 - 260). Is it required to have medicine. Or exercise and controlled diet will cure it.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician,
Hello Lybrate user, you definitely require medications along with diabetic diet and exercise. Normal being:- fasting sugar is 90-110 mg/dl two hrs after food is 140-200 mg/dl. I would recommend you to repeat your blood sugars checked again I.e. Get 1.Fasting blood sugar (FBS) 2.post prandial blood sugar (PPBS) 3.HbA1C HbA1C tells you your sugar control over past three months. You can consult a diabetologist/general physician with reports for further management.

Health Quizzes

Sugar and The Debilitating Effects Of Sugar On Skin

Dt. Kanchan Patwardhan 89% (183 ratings)
MSc. Foods & Nutrition, BSc. Dietitics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Sugar consumption reduces dark circles and can make you look younger. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
Start Quiz
1476 people took this quiz

Types of Diabetes

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 95% (12604 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
People with diabetes have a total lack of insulin. True or False. Take this quiz to find out now.
Start Quiz
2404 people took this quiz

Easy Homeopathy Remedies for Obesity

Dr. Amar Deep 91% (13386 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Some fruits can cause weight gain. True or false? Take this quiz now to find out.
Start Quiz
9810 people took this quiz

Effects of Sugar On Your Body

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 88% (23142 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Artificial sweeteners are healthier alternatives to sugar. True or false? Answer the quiz and know now.
Start Quiz
18712 people took this quiz

Preventing Diabetes

MS , Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
General Physician, Bangalore
Daily running can prevent diabetes. True or False?
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10982 people took this quiz

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