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Sugar - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Sugar, which is medically known as diabetes or diabetes mellitus, is a group of metabolic disease in which the patient has a high blood sugar (blood glucose), either because the patient’s body cells are not responding properly to insulin or because the insulin production in the patient’s body is inadequate. Patients suffering from this disease typically experience polyphagia (extreme hunger), polydipsia (get very often thirsty) or polyuria (frequent urination). Diabetes is a long term malady. There are two types of diabetes.

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes

In Type 1 Diabetes, which constitutes around 10% of all diabetes cases, the patient’s body does not produce insulin. In Type 2 Diabetes, which constitutes around 90% of all diabetes cases globally, the body does not produce enough insulin. There is also another type of diabetes that only sometimes affects women during their pregnancy.

Patients suffering from this illness need to eat healthy, test their blood sugar level regularly and remain physically active. Patients are advised by the doctor to take insulin to control their blood sugar level and also take oral medication for overall wellbeing. Diabetes patients must also check their cholesterol and blood pressure level regularly. It has been noted, diabetes patients are at a greater risk of facing cardiovascular diseases. As smoking affects your cardiovascular health, hence diabetes patients are advised to quit smoking Low blood sugar level in the body is known as hypoglycemia, and when it gets higher it is medically called hyperglycemia. It was noticed that as we get older we tend to develop the risk of getting affected by type 2 diabetes. Although experts are not sure about the reason, but it is assumed that it happens, because ageing makes us put on weight and we also remain less physically active as we grow old.

African, Middle Eastern and South Asian people have a higher risk of developing this disease.

Experts are also of the opinion that men who have low testosterone level, have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Some of the diseases that affect diabetes patients are cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, skin disorders, ischemic heart disease, gum diseases, Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome, kidney disease and male impotence.

Generally people suffering from both types of diabetes have healing problems, whereby their cuts and wounds takes longer to get healed. The A1C test, fasting plasma glucose test and oral glucose tolerance test are some of the tests done by the doctor to find whether the patient is suffering from this disease.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Intense thirst and hunger which remains throughout the day. Urge for frequent urination. Feeling fatigued during most part of the day. Having cuts and bruises that take long or doesn't heal. Male sexual dysfunction along with feeling of tingling and numbness in the hands and feet.

Popular Health Tips

Honey - How Eating It Everyday Can Transform Your Health?

Dr. C.Srinivas Rao 86% (60 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Hyderabad
Honey - How Eating It Everyday Can Transform Your Health?
A sweet way to healthy living, is it even possible? Yes! Are you aware that eating honey every day will keep you hale and healthy? You have a reason to smile, as we often control ourselves owing to the calories that sweetness comes with. If there is one food that is sweet and healthy, it is none other than honey. Since ancient times, honey has been recognized and extensively used for medicinal purposes. It is often called a power food in Ayurveda. Apart from being one of the tastiest sweeteners in the world, honey contains compounds which provide you with immense health benefits. Ayurveda emphasizes the goodness of honey in its treatment methods and here are some of those benefits that Ayurveda suggests one can receive by consuming honey on a daily basis. Honey acts as an organic immunity booster: As per the Ayurveda, honey can be used as an ultimate immunity booster. Since the ancient times, honey has been used to create a harmony and perfect balance between the five senses. Daily and balanced consumption of honey inevitably leads to improved eyesight, cures impotence, diarrhea and bronchial disorders and more. When consumed with the other medicated herbs, honey increases the effectiveness of those naturally. Due to a powerful immunity system, cough and throat problems also get reduced as a result. Rich in antioxidants: Prevents cancer, high blood pressure and makes your skin healthy with the help of antioxidants present in honey. Good quality honey contains a generous amount of antioxidants, such as phenols as well as nutritious compounds like organic acids, flavonoids, etc. Antioxidants can prevent and help resist some types of cancer. These also help in reducing extremely high blood pressure. The antioxidants in honey also enable you to get a healthy, glowing skin. It can be used as a natural conditioner in the case of rough and frizzy hair. Keeps your heart healthy: Yes, you can control heart diseases, blood sugar and diabetes with a regular dose of honey. Honey helps you to reduce weight and enable you to reduce the risk of heart diseases. A controlled intake of honey helps the consumer to reduce the level of LDL or bad cholesterol or the low-density lipoproteins. At the same time, it raises the level of high-density lipoproteins or HDL or good cholesterol. For weight watchers and people on a diet, honey is safer to consume than sugar as it reduces the level of triglycerides, thus reduces the risk of heart diseases and the type 2 diabetes. Honey acts as natural ant-bacterial and anti-fungal element: The presence of hydrogen peroxide making enzyme in honey makes it anti-fungal as well as anti-bacterial. It works wonders in any case of gastroenteritis caused by bacteria. The existence of good bacteria like the lactobacilli or bifidobacteria enables it to heal any burn or wound quickly. Helps with sleep and associated issues: Quite often if you tend to suffer from insomnia or irregular sleep cycles which can result in frequent memory loss along with some other problems. Honey prevents extreme cellular damages by enabling the body to absorb the required calcium. The level of serotonin also gets increased by honey, and it improves one s stressed mood and mental condition. Serotonin eventually gets transformed into melatonin which prevents irregular sleep cycles. Follow these guidelines and start consuming honey as soon as possible on a daily basis. type diabetes
18 people found this helpful

Health Tip

Dr. Somnath 88% (10 ratings)
Diploma in Diabetology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, DTM & H(1)
Diabetologist, Hyderabad
Health Tip
Obesity is the one of the main reason for lifestyle disease espcially diabetes mellitus type 2. Eating of excess sugar doesnot cause diabetes although it increases the calory intake.
1 person found this helpful

Health Tip

Dr. N. S. Rajput 87% (31 ratings)
Ayurveda, Dehradun
Health Tip
As a physician, i'm used to my patients asking, what would you do if you were me? when we're discussing treatment options. Over the past few years, though, they started making different inquiries, too, such as: what do you do to stay healthy? how do you find the time to exercise? do you lift weights? do you eat gluten? fat? sugar? how do you get your kids to eat vegetables? and even, do you cook? clearly, they were craving authoritative guidance on living a healthy lifestyle, but they also wanted to know what worked in the real world. More: 5 healthy eating tips for real-life challenges Advertisement They see me as someone who has a similar lifestyle - like many of my patients, I balance a demanding job and family responsibilities - but who also has insider knowledge of what really works and what isn't worth my (or their) time. And from talking to other health-care professionals, I know that my patients weren't the only ones hungry for this information. That's why I teamed up with the editors of prevention to write what doctors eat. We got health experts from around the country to share their personal eating tips, and as we combed through their tips, we noticed a pattern. Although personal tastes differ, the brain doctor, the cardiologist, the oncologist, the obstetrician, the registered dietitian, and the exercise physiologist all follow the same fundamental eating principles.
4 people found this helpful

Kidney Beans (Rajmah) - Are They Good For Your Health?

Dr. Sandeep Nirmal 89% (107 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Diploma In Panchkarma
Ayurveda, Jhalawar
Kidney Beans (Rajmah) - Are They Good For Your Health?
Healthy living is the key to a happy life, there are plenty of ways to lead a healthy life. An effective one is to include kidney beans as a part of your diet because as per Ayurveda, legumes should be part of almost every meal of the day as they are a rich source of protein. Kidney beans as you must be aware is a type of bean that gets its name from its shape, which is like a kidney. These are readily found throughout the year both in dry as well as in canned form. What health benefits do they offer? With the help of the kidney beans, you can prepare many delicious dishes which you can enjoy and at the same time enjoy the health benefits as well. Kidney beans offer a lot of health benefits which are being discussed below. Excellent source of fiber: Kidney beans are an excellent source of both soluble and insoluble fiber. Most importantly, the fiber present in the kidney beans helps in the lowering the level of cholesterol in the blood. According to Ayurveda, kidney beans are extremely helpful in the prevention of many disorders of the digestive system. It helps in keeping the digestive system absolutely clean and free of problems. In addition to this, the fiber content in kidney beans is extremely good for patients suffering from diabetes since it can keep the blood sugar under control. Good source of energy: Kidney beans help in the replenishment of iron in the body which is the integral component of hemoglobin in the blood. The iron is the key enzyme for the production of energy and metabolism in the body. Thus, kidney beans are an excellent source of energy. Moreover, kidney beans also promote the slow burning of the complex carbohydrates thereby providing energy to the body while stabilizing the level of sugar in the blood. These beans are also a good source of the trace mineral manganese which acts as the vital cofactor in energy production in the body. Good for heart and memory: Kidney beans contain significant amount magnesium and folate which helps in the lowering of homocysteine which reduces the risk of heart attack, peripheral vascular disease or stroke. The rich supply of magnesium in the kidney beans provide great benefits to our cardiovascular system. These beans are also rich in vitamin B1 or Thiamine which are extremely good for the brain cells and cognitive function. Since kidney beans provide numerous such benefits, you can make it a part of your diet. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
7954 people found this helpful

Blood Sugar Level - Ayurvedic Remedies To Balance It!

Dr. Namadhar Sharma 85% (14 ratings)
BAMS, MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Delhi
Blood Sugar Level - Ayurvedic Remedies To Balance It!
Ayurveda is an age old system of medicine that is holistic in nature. Treatment in Ayurveda focuses on getting rid of the cause of the disease. The medicines in Ayurveda are natural and thus, do not have any side effects. There are various remedies in Ayurveda to balance your blood sugar level. Blood sugar occurs either due to decreased insulin sensitivity or inefficient absorption of glucose by the cells in the body. The various remedies to balance blood sugar in Ayurveda are Diet: You should pay close attention to your diet, as diet plays a primary role in maintaining healthy blood sugar levels. Eating foods that can cause your blood sugar levels to hit the roof should be strictly avoided. Simple sugars are the main culprit, and any food that contains simple sugars like refined foods and most fruits need to be avoided. Exercise: Exercise is a must if you want your blood sugar under control. Include cardiovascular exercises like running and swimming that helps in burning calories and regulate blood sugar. It also helps you lose fat and reduce weight. Exercises also uses the sugar in your blood thus, causing a drop in the blood sugar levels. Avoid stress: If you are feeling stressed lately then you may employ relaxation techniques such as meditation. You can start off with simple meditation techniques such as focusing on your breath. Count to 4 while you inhale and then hold your breath for seven seconds, then exhale while you count to 8. Repeat this procedure for 10-15 minutes on a daily basis. Herbs: You can include fenugreek in your diet, you may consume them by soaking them overnight in a glass of water and then drinking the water after straining it. It has been known to reduce blood sugar levels. Holy basil or tulsi is another herb that has a beneficial effect on the blood sugar level in the body. It also corrects hormonal imbalances and improves your overall wellbeing. You can also add cinnamon powder while cooking to maintain insulin sensitivity.
5136 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 55 years old and diabetic for past 7 years. I have post breakfast sugar level of 200. Currently I am taking "glycomet gp 1 forte" in both morning and evening. In the afternoon I am talking "kombiglyze xr 5/500" Kindly suggest alternative medicine to "kombiglyze xr 5/500" as it is very costly and has not improved my sugar levels also. Thanks.

Dr. Praveenkumar Talikoti 93% (363 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bijapur
You can switch on to ayurvedic treatment to control the sugar level. There are many remedies and therapies for diabetes and it's complications. Take nishamalakadi kashaya 20 ml twice with equal warm water before meals.
1 person found this helpful

Recently I did my blood tests. In that for sugar, Hemoglobin A1c panel test was done. My results are 5.8 for HB A1c and 119.8 for eAG. How should I interpret this as the normal range limit for HbA1c is 5.7 and for eAG 140? Does this mean that I have sugar? Regards.

Dr. Jayant Vishe 88% (38 ratings)
MBBS, Fellowship in Diabetes
Diabetologist, Thane
Dear lybrate-user Blood sugar levels at Fasting /PP are diagnostic rather than HbA1C. You should do those tests along with Urine analysis. Your results are within normal limits. Good luck Exercise regularly Regards.

My mother have high sugar level since many years. Recently she was hospitalized and put under insulin for brief period. Though sugar is in control but medicines are on. I want to ask whether D- protein powder would be suitable to take in her case. As she still do not have food properly.

Dr. Ganesan, P.R. 89% (40 ratings)
m.b.b.s,, F.D.R.C.
Endocrinologist, Raipur
No need take D_protein, give easily digestible food which should contain more greens and vegetables and dialling. If you take egg give daily 2 egg whites along with more milk and milk products. Take daily one variety of fruit on rotation. Encourage her lifestyle like walking meditation and if possible yoga. Expecting good health.

My 13 years old son has a fasting blood sugar 120 mg/dl. And 2 hr ppbs is 99 mg/dl. Does he has diabetes? His weight is 45 kg.

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 93% (11645 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user Thanks for the query. Fasting glucose seems to be higher than normal (70 to 100 mg/100 ml), where as PP is quite less. So there is no diabetes. However, please check the blood glucose periodically. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Sugar and The Debilitating Effects Of Sugar On Skin

Dt. Kanchan Patwardhan 89% (176 ratings)
MSc. Foods & Nutrition, BSc. Dietitics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Sugar consumption reduces dark circles and can make you look younger. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
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Types of Diabetes

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 93% (11645 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
People with diabetes have a total lack of insulin. True or False. Take this quiz to find out now.
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Easy Homeopathy Remedies for Obesity

Dr. Amar Deep 91% (13365 ratings)
Homeopath, Raebareli
Some fruits can cause weight gain. True or false? Take this quiz now to find out.
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Effects of Sugar On Your Body

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 90% (22014 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Artificial sweeteners are healthier alternatives to sugar. True or false? Answer the quiz and know now.
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Preventing Diabetes

MS , Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
General Physician, Bangalore
Daily running can prevent diabetes. True or False?
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