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Overview

Sugar - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Sugar, which is medically known as diabetes or diabetes mellitus, is a group of metabolic disease in which the patient has a high blood sugar (blood glucose), either because the patient’s body cells are not responding properly to insulin or because the insulin production in the patient’s body is inadequate. Patients suffering from this disease typically experience polyphagia (extreme hunger), polydipsia (get very often thirsty) or polyuria (frequent urination). Diabetes is a long term malady. There are two types of diabetes.

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes

In Type 1 Diabetes, which constitutes around 10% of all diabetes cases, the patient’s body does not produce insulin. In Type 2 Diabetes, which constitutes around 90% of all diabetes cases globally, the body does not produce enough insulin. There is also another type of diabetes that only sometimes affects women during their pregnancy.

Patients suffering from this illness need to eat healthy, test their blood sugar level regularly and remain physically active. Patients are advised by the doctor to take insulin to control their blood sugar level and also take oral medication for overall wellbeing. Diabetes patients must also check their cholesterol and blood pressure level regularly. It has been noted, diabetes patients are at a greater risk of facing cardiovascular diseases. As smoking affects your cardiovascular health, hence diabetes patients are advised to quit smoking Low blood sugar level in the body is known as hypoglycemia, and when it gets higher it is medically called hyperglycemia. It was noticed that as we get older we tend to develop the risk of getting affected by type 2 diabetes. Although experts are not sure about the reason, but it is assumed that it happens, because ageing makes us put on weight and we also remain less physically active as we grow old.

African, Middle Eastern and South Asian people have a higher risk of developing this disease.

Experts are also of the opinion that men who have low testosterone level, have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Some of the diseases that affect diabetes patients are cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, skin disorders, ischemic heart disease, gum diseases, Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome, kidney disease and male impotence.

Generally people suffering from both types of diabetes have healing problems, whereby their cuts and wounds takes longer to get healed. The A1C test, fasting plasma glucose test and oral glucose tolerance test are some of the tests done by the doctor to find whether the patient is suffering from this disease.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable Lab test required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Intense thirst and hunger which remains throughout the day. Urge for frequent urination. Feeling fatigued during most part of the day. Having cuts and bruises that take long or doesn't heal. Male sexual dysfunction along with feeling of tingling and numbness in the hands and feet.

Popular Health Tips

11 Best Fruits That Are Low In Sugar Content!

Dr. Surbhi Agrawal 88% (17969 ratings)
PDDM, MHA, MBBS
General Physician, Nashik
11 Best Fruits That Are Low In Sugar Content!
The first commandment of healthy living is to eat plenty of fresh fruits. However, did you know that some fruits are healthier than others? Fruits do not have any added sugars but many fruits are rich in natural sugar. Lychees, figs, and avocados are three such fruits and should be consumed in limited amounts. However, here are 11 fruits with the lowest sugar content. Limes and lemons: Limes and lemons are known as sour fruits. While they are rich in vitamin C, they do not contain a lot of sugar. Freshly squeezed lime juice and hot water are the perfect drink to curb your appetite and raise metabolism. Raspberries: Raspberries are rich in fiber but have only a little more than a teaspoon of sugar per cup. This makes them the perfect fruit to start the day with. Strawberries: Strawberries may taste sweet but a cup of fresh strawberries that only about 7 grams of sugar. However, a cup of strawberries has enough vitamin C to take care of your daily requirements. Blackberries: A cup of these berries also has minimal sugar. Along with fiber, these fruits are also rich in antioxidants. These berries also help lower the risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and other such conditions. Kiwi: Did you know that kiwis are technically berries? Each kiwi has less than 6 grams of sugar but is very rich in vitamin C. Grapefruit: A grapefruit is a perfect breakfast. These citrus fruits are rich in fiber and low in sugar. Half a grapefruit contains only 52 calories and minimal sugar. They are also rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, and potassium. Avocado: Avocados are naturally low in their sugar content. One raw avocado has less than a gram of sugar. However, they are full of vitamin C, vitamin K, folate, and potassium. Watermelon: Summer would be incomplete without watermelons. Though they taste sweet, watermelons are very low in sugar. A cup of watermelon has less than 10 grams of sugar. Cantaloupe: Cantaloupes are rich in vitamin A but a cup of this fruit has only about 14 grams of sugar. They are also rich in vitamin B, magnesium and fiber. Oranges: Eating an orange is the best way to boost our vitamin C levels and keep infections away. One orange typically contains less than 70 calories and 12 grams of sugar. Peaches: A medium sized peach has less than 13 grams of sugar. This is an example of how taste can be deceptive when it comes to calories. Given the sugar content in these fruits, it would be a great idea for the diabetics and weight watchers to include them in their diet and have a healthy and hearty meal.
1 person found this helpful

Pre-Diabetic Symptoms - A Must to Know for All!

Dr. Amar Raykantiwar 92% (200 ratings)
D ( Diabetology), AFIH, DNB (F.MEDICINE), MBBS
Diabetologist, Pune
Pre-Diabetic Symptoms - A Must to Know for All!
Before you are affected by diabetes, a condition known as pre-diabetes is experienced, which indicates that a person might develop diabetes soon. In case you have pre-diabetes, your blood sugar level will be higher than the usual, but not as much as during diabetes. The condition is called borderline diabetes. During pre-diabetes, the production of insulin hormone gets decreased. You are more likely to get heart diseases and a stroke because of pre-diabetes. Diagnosis There are three primary blood tests, which are used for the diagnosis of pre-diabetes: Fasting plasma glucose test You should not eat anything for eight hours before this blood test. Blood sugar level is considered normal when it is less than 100. If your blood sugar level is between 100 and 125, you are in the pre-diabetes stage. If your blood sugar level is above 125, you are diagnosed with diabetes. Oral glucose tolerance test First, you need to have a fasting glucose test done and drink a sugary solution (75 gm glucose dissolve in water) after it. After two hours, another blood test is taken. Blood sugar level is considered normal when it is lesser than 140. If your blood sugar level is between 140 and 199, you are in the pre-diabetes stage. If your blood sugar level is above 200, you are diagnosed with diabetes. Hemoglobin A1C This blood test shows the average blood sugar level for three to four months in the past. It helps to check whether pre-diabetes is in control or not. Blood sugar level is considered normal when it is 5.6%. If your blood sugar level is between 5.7% and 6.4%, you are in the pre-diabetes stage. If your blood sugar level is 6.5% or above, you are diagnosed with diabetes. The test should be redone for checking or verifying the results. Lifestyle changes required for managing pre-diabetes Lifestyle changes may help people in managing pre-diabetes and for preventing it from developing into diabetes. Here are some changes and habits you need to practice: Weight control: If you are obese and overweight, the pre-diabetes may turn into diabetes. Hence, losing some amount of body weight, at least 5% to 10%, makes quite a difference. Exercise: You should perform moderate exercises regularly, such as swimming, cycling or walking briskly. This helps in the management of pre-diabetes. Aerobic exercise increases the heart rate and should be carried out for better benefits. Nutrition: You must make some dietary changes as well. Consume food items, which contain low-fat protein. Eat a lot of vegetables and whole grains, limit your calorie intake and reduce the amount of sugar and starchy carbohydrates. Increase your intake of fiber-rich food. If you experience a rise in your blood sugar levels, you must consult a doctor immediately. With early diagnosis, you can take preventive measures and will be able to prevent pre-diabetes from developing into diabetes.
7 people found this helpful

Health Tip

Dr. Bharti Sharma 84% (62 ratings)
MBBS, DCP
General Physician, Faridabad
Health Tip
Cut down on processed food ,sugar, salt and saturated fat. Eat more fruits and veggies.

Ignoring Sugar Completely - This Is What Will Happen To Your Body!

Dt. Ritika Dua 90% (10 ratings)
BSc-Diet & Nutrition, M.Sc-Diet & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Ignoring Sugar Completely - This Is What Will Happen To Your Body!
It is a known fact that the human body requires natural sugar for it to have energy and benefit the body but, when examined, It was found that we consume more of refined sugar. Foods that we buy from markets or shops outside contains large quantities of this refined component but once we know what happens to our body and choose to stop eating sugar completely, those mouth-watering savories will no longer allure us. Read on to know what happens to your body when you ignore sugar completely- Glow with the healthy glossy skin: Those pastry donuts and sweets will tempt you for sure, but once you cut them of blatantly, you are bound to notice a vibrant glow on your skin. This is because sugar tends to disrupt the elastin content and intervenes with collagen buildup. High on energy: Excess sugar consumption tends to make you feel fatigued and sluggish. So ignoring it can give you the power you deserve. Also, it does reduce your chances of having diabetes to almost half. Vibrant Mood: It might seem paradoxical, but it is true. Having chocolates or sweets can make us feel happy, but the feeling is temporary. On the longer and more permanent page, once you overcome the craving phase you will notice a change in your mood. Excess sugar intake can cause a short circuit in the brain giving rise to anxiety disorders and even schizophrenia. Sugar inhibits the secretion of dopamine transporter as well. More Active: Sugar has a relation with joint pain. It tends to increase inflammation and joint pain making the autoimmune disorder even worse. The more sugar content there is in your body, the more will be insulin levels. This increased insulin is the key cause of pain and inflammation. Stopping sugar completely will get you rid of this completely. You feel much more active and healthy. Quality Sleep: If you cut down sugar intake you can have a better sleep. This is because cutting of sugar has link-ups to getting relief from insomnia. Balanced weight: When you cut down sugar intake, you consume a lot less calorie thus making your system free of harmful substances and toxins. Sugary foods contain carbohydrates and fat contents that make your body obese and tired. Removing sugar will help you gain a balanced weight and make you fat-free which in its course is a relief as you shun of majority risks of having ailments related to weight issues. Quitting sugar completely can be a real-time pain as it is almost a primeval addiction more like smoking but once it is shunned of you can experience and feel the bliss that you will be going through. Make your life healthy!
10 people found this helpful

Why Sugar Is Still High?

Dr. Sohail Ikram. Md. Md 87% (44 ratings)
MD - Diabetology, CCEBDM, CCMTD
Diabetologist, Aurangabad
Why Sugar Is Still High?
Mistake no 1. Taking tea with less sugar - Yes it's a mistake diabetic patient should have tea without sugar strictly.
4 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hlo Dr. Now my sugar level is 91 fasting. And thyroid is 8.1. My uric acid is 4.9. I have problem in my right foot toe pain under nail. What can I do? Please suggest any medicine.

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 93% (10806 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. The blood glucose level mentioned looks quite good. However, it is difficult to comment or give any suggestion based on just fasting glucose level about diabetes control. It is necessary to know fasting, PP & HbA1c%, dosage of drugs being taken, lipid profile details, dietary pattern and extent of daily exercise being done daily. Uric acid 4.9 mg is also very normal, it is unlikely to creat any problem. The pain in right foot toe (which toe is not mentioned), may be due to some other cause. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

Dear sir/madam, yesterday I asked a question regarding diabetes, if sugar is not the cause of diabetes then patients are being asked to go for blood test every six months. Did not receive any reply. My second question is whether patient can take vit d n vit 12 without consulting gp. Thanking you shahani.

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 93% (10806 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Hello, Thanks for the question. Diabetes occurs because of following reasons: 1) There may be total absence of Insulin production by beta cells of pancreas, leading to T1 DM, 2) Deficiency in the insulin production where there is less than required amount of insulin, or 3) Resistance to insulin action or both. The last two lead to T2 diabetes. 4) Other important causes precipitating diabetes are being over weight or obese and not doing any physical activity. One of the methods of detecting diabetes is the increased blood glucose (sugar) level, hence glucose level has to be tested. Once diabetes develops then one has to stop intake of sweets, sugar, jaggery and over all carbohydrates. As regards taking of Vit D3 and B12, unless there is a specific need one should not take these. It is always good to ask a doctor whether there is a need. Thanks.
4 people found this helpful

Suffering from diabetes since 15 years. Used to take jalra50/500 once and glisenpm1 twice. Sugar was 70-90. Was changed to galvus50 and amaryl1 as creatinine was 1.sugar shot up to 500. Given galvus50, diamicronxr40 and pioglit15. But after 1.5 months edema of face and whole body noticed. And sugar was 80. Now having galvusmet 50/500 and amaryl1 but sugar was 250 so at present taking galvusmet 50/500 twice and amaryl2 once along with olmax20, thyronorm 62.5, rabletD,becadexamine, dexorange and caripapa as I have low hb. Wbc and platelet due to probable mds. After one wek of taking the above dose sugar was 200. Not tested for last 3 weeks. Is the dose of medicine ok?

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 93% (10806 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Hello, Thanks for the query. I have gone through the details given. It is clear that with present treatment blood glucose is not in control as it should be. Ideally fasting glucose should be < 100 mg, PP 160 to 180 mg & HbA1c% < 7 (not mentioned). There is need to either add some additional drug or change the treatment. Also look at your diet and extent of daily physical activity, that will also help in better control of blood glucose. As regards platelet count getting affected (no actual cont mentioned), so no comment can be made. None of the given drugs cause that side effect. It is better to test fasting, PP and HbA1c% and inform, then a proper suggestion can be made. That too if you come in a private conversation as in this communication we are supposed to give only general guidelines and no prescriptions. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

My mother 50 years old is having type 2 diabetes. Recently diagnosed with high blood sugar levels. Doctor advised metformin 500+glimepiride2 mg morning dose and at night. Afternoon she is taking voglibose and statins. She has skipped voglibose in the afternoon. She is complaining shivering and sweating weakness after afternoon meal. She had forget taking voglibose. What happens if she takes voglibose after meals. Any side effects occur?

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 93% (10806 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
lybrate-user, thanks for the query. For a person with diabetes it is very important to keep the blood glucose in strict control, otherwise, the long term complications associated with diabetes affecting eyes (retina), kidneys, lower limbs, peripheral nerves and heart can occur more rapidly. Ideally fasting glucose should be < 100 mg, PP 160 to 70 mg & HbA1c% <7. Missing a single dose of Voglibose does not cause any problem. Voglibose is to be taken either with meal or just after it. Since there is no mention of her actual blood glucose values, it is difficult to know how good is the control. Thanks.
4 people found this helpful

What are the symptoms of high sugar? What do a patient feel when the sugar is high.

Dr. Kishore Sabbu 94% (283 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Child Health (DCH), MD Internal Medicine
General Physician, Visakhapatnam
High sugars for some reason are not always associated with symptoms. We see a good number of patients who are quite ok with high sugars. Symptoms like excess thirst, excess hunger, weight loss and tiredness can be there. In some urine problems come first and in some teeth infections and in some shoulder pain.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Sugar and The Debilitating Effects Of Sugar On Skin

Dt. Kanchan Patwardhan 89% (176 ratings)
MSc. Foods & Nutrition, BSc. Dietitics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Sugar consumption reduces dark circles and can make you look younger. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
Start Quiz

Types of Diabetes

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 93% (10806 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
People with diabetes have a total lack of insulin. True or False. Take this quiz to find out now.
Start Quiz

Easy Homeopathy Remedies for Obesity

Dr. Amar Deep 91% (13314 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Raebareli
Some fruits can cause weight gain. True or false? Take this quiz now to find out.
Start Quiz

Effects of Sugar On Your Body

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 93% (21294 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Artificial sweeteners are healthier alternatives to sugar. True or false? Answer the quiz and know now.
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Preventing Diabetes

MS , Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
General Physician, Bangalore
Daily running can prevent diabetes. True or False?
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