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Overview

Testosterone

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Testosterone is the main male sex hormone and is also available as a prescription medicine to help treat male hypogonadism and symptoms of low testosterone levels. The symptoms of a low Testosterone level may include low energy, sexual dysfunction and the loss of a few key male characteristics. Testosterone works by supplying the body its natural level of testosterone. Testosterone medications is available in the form of transdermal patches which are placed on the skin, gels, topical solutions, injections, buccal patches that are applied to the upper gums, and pellets implanted under the skin.

Testosterone levels in your body naturally decline as you age. In some cases they decline to abnormal levels which lead to complications such as reduced energy, adrenal fatigue, hyperthyroidism, and sexual dysfunction. In these cases Testosterone replacement therapy is used to restore the Testosterone to normal levels. It is administered through patches, injections or gels.

Some of the side effects of Testosterone include: sleep apnea, gynecomastia, reduce the sperm count, gum irritation, it can increase the red blood cell count to dangerous levels. Others include: severe itching, fluid-filled blisters, red, irritated skin.

In addition to its intended effect, Testosterone may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Acne
Hot flashes
Injection site pain
Weight gain
Increased red blood cells
Prostate enlargement.
Is It safe with alcohol?
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
Arnold 250mg injection is highly unsafe to use during pregnancy.
Human and animal studies have shown significant adverse effects on the foetus. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
Arnold 250mg injection is probably safe to use during breastfeeding. Please consult your doctor.
Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?
There is no interaction between driving and consuming this drug. So dose alteration is not needed.
Does this affect kidney function?
patients suffering from severe cardiac, hepatic or renal insufficiency or ischaemic heart disease, treatment with testosterone may cause severe complications
Does this affect liver function?
There is no interaction between liver impairment and consuming this drug. So dose alteration is not needed.
Are there any missed dose instructions?
If you miss a dose of Testosterone, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double the dose.\n
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.

Popular Questions & Answers

My husband has been consumed Ayurveda, and homeopathy medicine to improve sperm count from last 2 years but no improvement so any other way to increase? Please advise me

MD Hom., Certificate in Food and Nutrition, BHMS, Diploma In Yoga, PGDM
Homeopath, Indore
My husband has been consumed Ayurveda, and homeopathy medicine to improve sperm count from last 2 years but no improv...
Proper medicine will depend on your whole taking with constitutional medicine which works best for you, but till then you can start treatment with Ashwagandha Q, 20 drops twice a day and half cup of water to increase sperm count- 1. Oxidative stress may lead to infertility in men. Some evidence indicates that taking antioxidant supplements, such as vitamin C, may improve fertility. Foods that are rich in vitamin C (and should be eaten raw) are papaya, bell peppers, broccoli, strawberries, oranges, kiwifruit, cauliflower 2. Exercising regularly can boost your testosterone levels and improve your fertility 3. Stress can reduce sexual satisfaction and fertility. Stress management and relaxation should be high on your agenda 4. Taking vitamin D supplements may boost testosterone levels in vitamin D-deficient men with low testosterone levels. 5. A few studies examining the use of fenugreek to improve sexual performance and libido have shown promise. However, most studies used a fenugreek seed extract supplement. 6. Taking zinc supplements may increase testosterone levels and improve fertility in men with low zinc status or deficiency- sources of zinc are sesame seeds, raw pumpkin seeds, and green peas 7. Folic acid- folic acid (in the B vitamin family) can boost sperm health. Folic acid is found in lentil beans (1 cup provides almost your entire daily needs.), asparagus, spinach, black beans, kidney beans. 8. B12- Has been shown to increase sperm counts. Many people are deficient in B12; Some foods rich in B12 are dairy and animal products 9. Eat only organic, Avoid soy foods, Eat one dark leafy green vegetable a day, Eat one dark leafy green vegetable a day, take NUTS daily 10. Drink plenty of water 11. Avoid dairy products or at least keep it to a minimum- You can replace milk with nutrient and protein rich nut milks. 12. Ashwagandha is a medicinal herb that may increase testosterone levels and improve male fertility By incorporating these tips into your daily diet you will begin to have more energy, create a stronger immune system as well as promote healthy fertility and increase the sperm count.
1 person found this helpful

I am eating bananas daily because I am very anxious about Erection dysfunction. Does eating bananas help me?

MD-Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Haldwani
I am eating bananas daily because I am very anxious about Erection dysfunction. Does eating bananas help me?
Hello- Yes it does. Often the source of embarrassment when eaten in public due to their resemblance for an erect penis, the irony won?t be lost on men to learn that they can in fact help in achieving that very thing! The fruit is very rich in potassium which is fantastic for the heart and maintain good blood circulation, which is obviously essential for a strong erection. Potassium will also help keep sodium levels ?normal? and reducing the risk of high blood pressure. Bananas are also a great source of Vitamin B and thus keeping your level of energy up and the production of testosterone, leading to a higher sex drive.
1 person found this helpful

What are the herbal pills for penis make it thicker and long. Please suggest the pills name.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MBA (Healthcare)
Ayurveda, Dehradun
What are the herbal pills for penis make it thicker and long. Please suggest the pills name.
There are many usefull medicine in Ayurveda. (1) Winter Cherry (Ashvagandha) is a potent adaptogen, which relieves mental stress, a key contributor of poor sexual performance. It is an effective antioxidant that helps in alleviating male sexual dysfunction. (2) Shilajeet acts as an adaptogen and rejuvenates the body in order to improve sexual function. (3) Cowhage/Velvet Bean (Kapikachchu) is an aphrodisiac, that supports the production of hormones associated with the ?pleasure system? of the brain. The herb is a prophylactic (preventative) against oligospermia (low sperm count). (4) Small Caltrops (Gokshura) is beneficial in erectile dysfunction as it strengthens the penile tissue. Protodioscin, a precursor of testosterone found in Small Caltrops, is converted to dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in the body, which improves flow-mediated vasodilation of the penile arteries. For Dose, Direction of uses and Suitable medicines, You can talk to me privately without hesitation on Lybrate.
3 people found this helpful

Sir, its been 3 years of our marriage, all kind of examination show that we both are all right, now my doctor asked me to take Zoamates for three months and asked my wife to take Apcod - obis. What these medicines are taken for.

BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Lucknow
Sir, its been 3 years of our marriage, all kind of examination show that we both are all right, now my doctor asked m...
Zoamates are used to increase sperm count Apcod Obis Sachet works by declining anti-müllerian hormone and improving insulin resistance; decreasing serum testosterone and simultaneously increase insulin sensitivity; increasing absorption of calcium and phosphorus required for strong bones; it is used in PCOD syndrome.

I am losing hair quickly and have tried all shampoos but no effect yet. I am not sure what else can I do. Can you help me this.

MD Hom., Certificate in Food and Nutrition, BHMS, Diploma In Yoga, PGDM
Homeopath, Indore
I am losing hair quickly and have tried all shampoos but no effect yet. I am not sure what else can I do. Can you hel...
Hair tips for better hair growth and prevent hair fall - 1. Having a healthy diet - Having a diet which is full of protein, vitamins and minerals is an important aid towards having healthier hair growth. Consume food which is high in vitamin A, B, C and E. Vitamin B-complex is another very effective vitamin for promoting hair growth. For the minerals, try and consume iron, copper, zinc, selenium and magnesium. Walnuts, beans, flax seeds are rich in omega 3 fatty acids which are great for hair growth You could also have some juices of fruits and veggies, like orange, grapefruit or carrot, lettuce and beet 2. Castor oil has a high content of vitamin E and essential fatty acids, like omega 9. This is why it is an essential ingredient which helps to promote hair growth. Castor oil is too thick to be applied directly, which is why you must dilute it with oil like coconut, almond or olive. Massage your hair with the oil mix and leave it on for 30-45 minutes. You could also slightly get it heated. Shampoo your hair and condition as regular. 3. Regular scalp massage - When you massage your scalp, it promotes blood circulation which in turn stimulates our hair follicles. Along with that, deep condition the hair once a week with warm oil (use jaborandi oil) treatment or a deep conditioning hair mask. 4. Staying stress-less - Stress is one of the worst factors which contribute to hair loss. Stress disrupts the regular hair cycle and boosts strands of hair to fall out of place. You need to calm your senses and promote lesser stress! For handling stress, try and mediate, do breathing exercises or practice other relaxation techniques 5. Egg masks - Egg is an important ingredient from promoting better hair growth. They are full of protein and are added on with minerals like iron, sulfur, selenium, zinc, etc. Use an egg mask once or twice a month for promoting healthy hair and improved growth 6. Vitamin and herbal supplements - Supplements of folic acid, biotin, flaxseed oil, are some common elements for hair growth. Supplements of folic acid and biotin will have Vitamin B complex which aids to better hair growth. 7. Nourish hair with aloe vera - Aloe vera improves hair growth and protects from hair loss. You also reduce dandruff and restore the natural shine. Take fresh aloe vera gel and add some lemon juice to it Apply and let it soak for 20 minutes Shampoo the hair (with arnica shampoo) and repeat once a week 8. Be hydrated, have proper sleep, do oil your scalp twice a week for more queries and homeopathic medicines, contact us.

Popular Health Tips

Testosterone Levels - 4 Ways to Boost!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Sindhudurg
Testosterone Levels - 4 Ways to Boost!

Testosterone is the most important hormone that drives most of the male characteristics from their physique, stamina, energy, vigor, voice, to sexual performance. Higher the testosterone level, greater the masculine characteristics. It is no wonder then that most men want more testosterone flowing in their system. There are simple ways to increase testosterone flowing in your system; read on to know more.

  1. Eat more fat: While staying away from fat is the most common thing to do when body building, remember that testosterone is mainly made of cholesterol. So, a diet rich in fat directly translates to more testosterone. Mono-saturated and saturated fats are proven to be extremely beneficial for good testosterone production. Red meat, eggs, coconut oil, dark chocolate, cheese, peanut butter, fish, avocados, almonds, olive oil are all proven to be highly beneficial in improving testosterone levels.
  2. Include ingredients for testosterone: Include foods that are rich in zinc, vitamin D, D-aspartic acid, Di-indolyl-methane (DIM). Foods rich in zinc promote higher levels of testosterone production and so are advisable. Vitamin D is the most important vitamin in the production and availability of free testosterone in the body and is highly recommended for people wanting to have higher testosterone levels. D-aspartic acid is an amino acid that is essential for proper functioning of the neurotransmitters that control testosterone synthesis and release into the system.
  3. Modified gym routine: Contrary to what most people may think, long hours in the gym does not help you stay in better shape. Regular, drawn-out workouts with long rest periods and too many exercises aimed at building endurance are not necessarily good for testosterone levels. Optimal duration is about an hour, after which cortisol levels (stress hormones) go up and testosterone levels go down. Shorter rest periods between sets are also shown to be more effective. Also, there are specific exercises and workouts which are aimed at improving the testosterone levels. These workouts could be aimed at the legs, arms, back, chest, or shoulders. These moderate to high-intensity protocols stress large muscle masses, which stimulate testosterone production.
  4. Beat the stress: None of our lives are free of stress, but the trick lies in managing them well. Whether you have physical or mental stress, try and work on reducing it, by meditation, music, or any relaxation technique that works for you. Even cardio exercises, if not overdone, are a good way to relax. Try not to fatigue yourself during your workout. Have a well-balanced meal and a good sleep to manage stress better.

Talk to your instructor to know more about ways to improve testosterone production. Higher levels of testosterone take the quality of life to a different level.

11 people found this helpful

Acne Risk Factors: What Raises Risk of Acne?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Noida
Acne Risk Factors: What Raises Risk of Acne?

Among one of the most common skin conditions that affect many people all over the world is Acne. It is not a harmful or a dangerous condition, but is usually a cosmetic problem and may also sometimes be a symptom of underlying conditions.

What is Acne and what are its causes?

Human skin has follicles or pores in them through which hair comes out. The accumulation of a substance known as sebum within the pores of the human skin can sometimes clog these pores. When this accumulates, dead skin cells also get stuck in it and results in a swelling, which takes the form of a pimple like a crest due to bacterial infections. This condition is most prevalent among adolescents due to rapid hormonal changes in the body, although many adults and pre-adolescents have also reported this problem.

Here are some common issues and lifestyle factors which make you prone to acne.  

  1. Hormonal imbalance– This is probably the most common reason cited for acne as adolescents tend to be afflicted by this problem. In many cases acne goes away on its own after sometimes although in other cases it does stay. In adults, especially women it has been noticed that certain hormonal changes in the body may act as acne triggers. Some of the examples of hormonal imbalances may be:

    • PMS or period related triggers in adults and adolescent women

    • High testosterone levels in women

    • Excessive androgen in men and women

    • Hormonal problems due to PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) and others

    • Taking medicines or steroids that may cause hormonal changes

  2. External factors such as using too much makeup – Excessive use of cosmetic products can cause issues within the skin by blocking the pores within the skin may induce acne, even if you  do not have sebum related problems.

  3. DietResearch has proved that excessive oil consumption as well as having foods rich in fat can cause acne problems. Moreover, if you consume iodine in large quantities or for a long time, it results in irritation of the skin pores giving rise to acne.

  4. Certain medications and drugs - Consumption of specific over the counter medicines like the ones containing bromide and use of recreational drugs like marijuana and cocaine can lead to the occurrence of acne as side effects.

  5. Genetics - Certain genetic factors may also be responsible for someone being more prone to acne than others.

  6. Diet - Consumption of high glycemic index food (food items which release glucose rapidly in blood) also aggravates acne.

  7. Medications - Use of over the counter creams/ointments containing topical corticosteroids may also result in acne.

If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

12 people found this helpful

Gynecomastia - What You Should Know About It!

MBBS, MS- Surgery, MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
Gynecomastia - What You Should Know About It!

Due to hormonal imbalance, it is possible for boys during puberty or adolescence to develop breast tissue. This tissue may not be similar to those of females, but still considerable enough to cause embarrassment. A more serious issue is when this also causes pain and swelling. While it disappears on its own in most people, in some cases it may persist in some and may require surgical correction.

Why does it happen? Male features are due to a hormone called testosterone, and female features are due to estrogen. While both hormones are produced in both sexes, the predominance is of testosterone in males and estrogen in females. Gynecomastia happens when either there is a reduced production of testosterone or higher production of estrogen.

This surge of hormone production happens during infancy, puberty, and during old age.

Other common reasons are:

  • Drugs (anti androgens, anabolic steroids, AIDS medications, cancer treatment, heart medications, etc.)
  • Street drugs like marijuana, amphetamines
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Hypogonadism in men
  • Ageing men, who are also overweight
  • Kidney failure
  • Liver failure

What to do? Most males go through some amount of breast tissue expansion during their growing years. This often disappears as they cross the teenage years. However, it may continue to grow and requires attention in the following cases:

  • Grows considerably and is painful
  • Is a cosmetic concern

The doctor can review and advise if any changes are required to rectify the situation. In very rare cases, if the condition does not improve, surgical correction may be advised.

Prevention: Given that there are obvious causes, this condition can be prevented by avoiding medications which can cause it. Avoiding street drugs, alcohol, and adopting a healthy lifestyle are also options to prevent gynecomastia.

Diagnosis: Blood tests and hormone levels need to be checked to confirm the diagnosis. Mammograms are also required to identify the pattern and to rule out breast cancer, fatty breast tissue, and localized breast infections.

Management: Treatment would depend on identifying the root cause.

  • If there are medications that are inducing this, switch to alternate meds.
  • If there is an underlying condition such as malnutrition or liver failure, that needs to be addressed.
  • Quit or reduce the consumption of alcohol and/or street drugs if they are the reason
  • Meds for breast cancer are known to reduce gynecomastia, though not in all men
  • Liposuction is an option, where the breast fat tissue is removed. This may need to be repeated if the fat grows again.
  • Mastectomy: As a definitive procedure, the entire breast tissue can be removed.

In addition to the treatment and management options listed above, given the embarrassing nature of this condition, strong moral and social support is required.

1 person found this helpful

Erectile Dysfunction and High Blood Pressure: What Are The Causes Behind?

B.A.M.S., M.D.(A.M), EX-M.R.C.G.P., EX-M.R.S.H., EX-M.S.I.E.C.U.S, EX-M.S.S.S.S.
Sexologist, Mumbai
Erectile Dysfunction and High Blood Pressure: What Are The Causes Behind?

It is said that, one in every three people are suffering from high blood pressure. It is estimated that at present more alone about 65 million people in US itself are suffering from this ailment. High blood pressure is a serious ailment that can cause heart attack, kidney failure, vision impairment, and it can even cause sexual problems. This ailment has no symptoms, and it is also regarded as one of the silent killers.  In fact, erectile dysfunction, which is one of the serious ailments caused by high blood pressure can even affect the relationship between the couples. 

High blood pressure and erectile dysfunction:

In the case of men, there is a direct link between sexual problem or erectile dysfunction and high blood pressure. Erection of the penis is caused by the two tissues called as corpora cavernosa. This tissue is made of small arteries and veins. During the process of erection, brain sends a signal to the nerve ending in the penis to dilate the arteries. This in turn makes the arteries to open sufficiently, and blood gets filled in empty spaces in the Penis. The relationship between high blood pressure and erectile dysfunction can be further analyzed as follows:

  1. Sexual arousal is caused by a male hormone called as Testosterone. In case a person is suffering from high blood pressure, he has low testosterone levels. Apart from this, in the course of time, those suffering from high blood pressure are prone to damage of lining on the arteries. This in turn affects the flow of blood in the arteries. 
  2. On the other hand, in the case of a person suffering from high blood pressure, arteries fail to dilate and the smooth muscles of corpora cavernosa also fail to relax. Naturally, this affects the flow of blood to the Penis which in turn causes erectile dysfunction. Because of the combination of these two factors people suffering from high blood pressure suffer from the problem of Erectile Dysfunction. 

Causes:

Fear: It is natural that sexual problems can increase the anxiety levels, which in turn may lead to fear. As a result, the person may refrain from indulging in sexual activities. In fact, even one instance of erectile dysfunction is enough to fuel the fear, and the person would avoid indulgence. 

Remedies available:

There are medicines that can help the individual to manage this problem of erectile dysfunction due to high blood pressure. Apart from the medicine, the physician may also suggest exercises and certain restrictions on food. You should take the medicines strictly as per the physician's directions. With this, it should be possible to effectively manage the sexual problems in those suffering from high blood pressure.

1 person found this helpful

Diagnostic Tests Males

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MBBS
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Diagnostic Tests Males

Diagnostic Tests Males

  • A basic semen analysis is the main test advised for all males .

  • If required we also go for quality semen analysis , sperm survival test .
  • Males suffering from more severe problems can also undergo DNA fragmentation test.
  • Blood tests like TSH , Prolactin, FSH,LH,Testosterone , SHBG ,HIV ,HCV,HBSAG,VDRL are also done.
  • If required Ultrasound of the Scrotum and Testes is also done.

 

1 person found this helpful