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Overview

Testosterone

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Testosterone is the main male sex hormone and is also available as a prescription medicine to help treat male hypogonadism and symptoms of low testosterone levels. The symptoms of a low Testosterone level may include low energy, sexual dysfunction and the loss of a few key male characteristics. Testosterone works by supplying the body its natural level of testosterone. Testosterone medications is available in the form of transdermal patches which are placed on the skin, gels, topical solutions, injections, buccal patches that are applied to the upper gums, and pellets implanted under the skin.

Testosterone levels in your body naturally decline as you age. In some cases they decline to abnormal levels which lead to complications such as reduced energy, adrenal fatigue, hyperthyroidism, and sexual dysfunction. In these cases Testosterone replacement therapy is used to restore the Testosterone to normal levels. It is administered through patches, injections or gels.

Some of the side effects of Testosterone include: sleep apnea, gynecomastia, reduce the sperm count, gum irritation, it can increase the red blood cell count to dangerous levels. Others include: severe itching, fluid-filled blisters, red, irritated skin.

Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Endocrinologist before using this medicine.

In addition to its intended effect, Testosterone may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Acne
Hot flashes
Injection site pain
Weight gain
Increased red blood cells
Prostate enlargement.
Is It safe with alcohol?
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
Arnold 250mg injection is highly unsafe to use during pregnancy.
Human and animal studies have shown significant adverse effects on the foetus. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
Arnold 250mg injection is probably safe to use during breastfeeding. Please consult your doctor.
Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?
There is no interaction between driving and consuming this drug. So dose alteration is not needed.
Does this affect kidney function?
patients suffering from severe cardiac, hepatic or renal insufficiency or ischaemic heart disease, treatment with testosterone may cause severe complications
Does this affect liver function?
There is no interaction between liver impairment and consuming this drug. So dose alteration is not needed.
Are there any missed dose instructions?
If you miss a dose of Testosterone, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Testosterone as ingredient
Abbott India Ltd
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Mac Millon Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd
Organon (India) Ltd
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Jagsonpal Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Organon (India) Ltd
Ind Swift Laboratories Ltd
Cipla Ltd
Besins Healthcare India Pvt Ltd
Cipla Ltd
Zydus Cadila
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Mac Millon Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd
Testosterone works by two methods: by the activation of androgen receptor and conversion of estradiol and activation of estrogen receptors. Free testosterone is carried to cytoplasm within targeted cells of tissues where it combines to androgen receptor.
What are you using Testosterone for?
sexual dysfunction
Other
hypogonadism
How much was the improvement?
Poor
Average
Excellent
How long did it take before seeing improvement?
Within a day
Within 2 hours
More than 2 days
Within 2 days
Within 6 hours
How frequently did you take this medicine?
Not taking on daily level
Once a day
Thrice a day
Four times A Day
Twice a day
How did you take this medicine?
With Food
With or without food
Empty stomach
What were the side effects of this medicine?
Other
Acne
Hot flashes
Weight gain
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, I give up masturbation from last month (Dec 2017). Please let me know the both merits and demerits of it. I give up becoz of my hair thinning. I had used to masturbate thrice a week. My age is 22.Please suggest something for that.

Psychology
Psychologist, Nagpur
Hi, I give up masturbation from last month (Dec 2017).
Please let me know the both merits and demerits of it.
I give ...
I don't feel a single merit in masturbation, here are some demerits of it. The Energy Element This isn't exactly among the harmful effects of masturbation but can be classified as a prominent effect owing to its palpability. If you've realized, masturbation uses up a lot of your energy. Besides, in men, increased weakness is a result of over masturbation. Addiction Addiction to masturbation can result in scores of biological changes in the body. Men who masturbate too much and are addicted to the act of pleasuring themselves are no less than drug addicts- this, according to a recent medical study published by a leading medical journal. Erectile Dysfunction Erectile Dysfunction is among the most prominent side effects of masturbating too much. Men who indulge in over masturbation have an increased risk of suffering from erectile dysfunction. Neurological Concerns Neurological problems are closely related to excessive masturbation in men. Over masturbation is associated with several severe neurological problems in older men. Premature Ejaculation Excessive masturbation is linked with premature ejaculation. Men who masturbate too much find it extremely hard to control the release of sperm. Over stimulation of the penal nerve is largely responsible for premature ejaculation. Affects Sex Life This point is linked to the previously mentioned point that makes reference to premature ejaculation. Too much masturbation can seriously affect your sex life, for it dampens the pleasure substantially. Makes You Feel Drowsy Masturbating too much makes you feel drowsy very frequently. This is because of excess dopamine that is released in the brain. Hair Loss Excessive masturbation causes hair loss in men. So, if you masturbate more than 6-7 times a week and see yourself losing hair, well, you shouldn't be surprised. Memory Loss Because of the release of excessive dopamine in the brain, over masturbation causes memory loss. Over time, the effects on memory will be more pronounced. Loss of Interest In Sex Men who masturbate too much will soon realize a decreased interest in sex. Masturbation affects testosterone levels in the body. Ageing Men who masturbate more than six to seven times a week tend to age faster, a new study says. This is mainly linked to a drop in testosterone levels.
3 people found this helpful

I want to go on bilateral orchiectomy surgery on my own interest. Is it possible. If possible, any side effects is there? Where is available this surgery.

MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
I want to go on bilateral orchiectomy surgery on my own interest. Is it possible. If possible, any side effects is th...
Hello dear lybrate-user, hi Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query thoroughly.* It is your own body, you can decide your organs to be removed or kept, but as an expert I will let you know the salient facts and features about orchidectomy - An expert will never advise orchidectomy without genuine reason.- With one side orchidectomy, man can continue with his hormonal secretions of testosterone and have normal sex activities with male features.- When done bilateral orchidectomy before 60 years (it is the time till there is testosterone secretion) the person looses all male characteristics from head to toe.* So think 10 times before deciding on your own. Can have further assistance of mine if you wish for this topic at private consultation at Lybrate.com Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance. Regards take care.
1 person found this helpful

Sir I am 33 male am taking risperidone and serta for 4 years which increased my prolactin level and decrease testosterone level I don't feel any sexual desire and suffering from erectile dysfunction. Please suggest me with right opinion.

M.D.(Ayu.) Basic Principles, B.A.M.S., I.P.G.T.& R.A., GAU
Ayurveda, Ajmer
Sir I am 33 male am taking risperidone and serta for 4 years which increased my prolactin level and decrease testoste...
Hi Lybrate User Use Tablet shilapravang special two tablets two times a day with milk empty stomach. Use Tablet X Bal Gold two tablets two times a day. Use Tablet Vajitone two tablets two times a day with milk. Avoid oily spicy fried salty food. Take light easily digestable nutrional foods. These medicines are highly efficient to boost up your stamina and energy and libido. Tc Thank Regards.
23 people found this helpful

I have a low sperm count and erectile dysfunction problem suggest me some treatment.

BHMS, MO (RBSK), CERT (ARSH), LT
Homeopath, Kolkata
I have a low sperm count and erectile dysfunction problem suggest me some treatment.
Only homeopathy can resolve this problem within 2-3 months. This is pretty much a common problem nowadays. Consult someone near you or online. You will be fine in no time. Do not worry.

Please suggest. I am 26 year old and Unmarried, can I use stay on oil on my penis. But I heard that long term use of this oil is harmful, so is stay on oil is safe according to you?

BAMS, M.D.Alternative Medicines
Ayurveda, Belgaum
Please suggest. I am 26 year old and Unmarried, can I use stay on oil on my penis. But I heard that long term use of ...
DO NOT USE OVER COUNTER MEDICATIONS AND DON'T DO SELF MEDICATION. ALWAYS CONSULT Dr. AND TAKE PROPER TREATMENT. BE SAFE AND STAY HEALTHY. your PROBLEM ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION Regular and repeated Inability to develope or maintain the erection of penis. REASONS AND CAUSES- 1.VASCULAR-Impaired blood flow through penis by any cause. E.g. Vericocele. 2.MUSCULAR -Muscular weakness e.g. Diabetes 3.NEURONAL -Nerve Weakness e.g.Neuropathy paralysis 4.HARMONAL-Androgen sex harmones imbalances e.g.Low testosterone levels. 5.PSYCHOLOGICAL-Stress Depression e.g.performance anxiety 6.ANATONICAL -Cavernosal disorders e.g.Pyeronie's disease bend penis. 7.DRUGS-antipsychotic, Antacids etc 8.SECONDARY DISEASES -Diabetic, Hypertension,thyroid, heart problems etc. 9.ADDICTIONS-Smoke, Alcohol,Tobacco, Drugs etc 10. AGING-Biological aging. SOLUTIONS 1.Proper Diagnosis 2.Proper treatment 3.Healthy Diet and life style 4.Deaddictions. 5.Counselling 6.Yoga and mediation. 7.proper ayurvedic non harmful treatment. 8.Control of other diseases. EFFECTIVE HOME REMEDY- 1.Raw onion along with food. 2.Milk with Nutmeg powder. EFFECTIVE HERB REMEDY- 1.Ashwagandha churna with Milk 2.Kavacha churna with Milk. TREATMENT DEPENDS UPON THE UNDERLINE CAUSE. I have good Ayurvedic treatment and all solutions meintioned above for your problem. Ayurvefic .Safe. Effective. No side effects. I need your detailed histroy investigations and previous medication details to understand exact cause of the disease. You have to take proper consultation to access your problem in detail. You can consult me for this problems personally. I wish you happy healthy and prosperous life ahead. God Bless You.
2 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

No Sex Hormones In Females - Things That Can Lead To It!

Ph.D - Ayurveda
Sexologist, Coimbatore
No Sex Hormones In Females - Things That Can Lead To It!

Hypogonadism in females occurs when your sex glands produce little or no sex hormones.The sex glands, also called gonads that are responsible for ovary formation in females, breast enlargement and in menstrual cycle.

What Are the Types of Female Hypogonadism?
There two types of hypogonadism are primary and central hypogonadism.

Primary Hypogonadism: Primary hypogonadism means that you don't have enough sex hormones in your body due to a problem in your gonads. Your gonads are still receiving the message to produce hormones from your brain, but they aren't able to produce them.

Central Hypogonadism or Secondary Hypogonadism: In central hypogonadism, the problem lies in your brain. The hypothalamus and pituitary gland in your brain, which control your gonads, aren't working properly.

Causes of Primary Hypogonadism:

  1. Autoimmune disorders, such as Addison's disease and hypoparathyroidism
  2. Genetic disorders, such as Turner syndrome and Klinefelter syndrome
  3. Severe infections
  4. Liver and kidney diseases
  5. Hemochromatosis, which happens when your body absorbs too much iron
  6. Radiation exposure
  7. Surgery of your sex organs

Causes of Central or Secondary Hypogonadism include:

  1. Genetic disorders, such as Kallmann syndrome (abnormal hypothalamic development)
  2. Infections, including HIV and AIDS
  3. Pituitary disorders
  4. Inflammatory diseases including sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, and histiocytosis
  5. Obesity
  6. Rapid weight loss
  7. Nutritional deficiencies
  8. Use of steroids or opiates (especially long-term usage)
  9. Brain surgery
  10. Radiation exposure
  11. Injury to your pituitary gland or hypothalamus
  12. A tumor in or near your pituitary gland

Symptoms that May Affect Females Include:

  1. Lack of menstruation
  2. Slow or absent breast growth
  3. Hot flashes
  4. Loss of body hair
  5. Low or absent sex drive
  6. Milky discharge from your breasts

Treatment for Hypogonadism in Women: Your treatment will involve increasing the amount of female sex hormones in your body. Your first line of treatment will probably be estrogen therapy if you've had a hysterectomy. Either a patch or pill can administer the supplemental estrogen hormone. Estrogen must be balanced with progesterone, because taking estrogen alone leads to a dangerous build up of the lining of the uterus (endometrial hyperplasia) that can lead to cancer of the uterus. Low-dose testosterone may be added for women with hypogonadism who have a low sex drive.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3413 people found this helpful

15 Habits That Lower Your Sperm Count!

Doctor In Unani Medicine(D.U.M.B.I.M)
Sexologist, Delhi
15 Habits That Lower Your Sperm Count!

There are a few very common things that a man consumes or does every day without even realizing, that they have a tendency to reduce his fertility. These causes start from drinking and could end with something as harmless as caffeine.

Let's see which habits can cause reduction in sperm count thereby reducing fertility of a man.

  1. Eating processed meat harms sperm quality.
  2. Excessive usage of laptop can also lead to reduction in sperm count because of the heat that a laptop releases.
  3. Hormonal imbalance also causes low sperm production.
  4. If a man is underweight or overweight, this could also lead to less production of sperm. So, a man should watch his weight before thinking of extending his family.
  5. Exposure to too much heat for a prolonged time leads to reduction in sperm count.
  6. Regular smoking also leads to reduction in sperm count.
  7. Excessive stress also causes reduction in sperm count.
  8. Regular and continuous exposure to chemicals like xylene, painting material and metal like lead also leads to low sperm count.
  9. Chemicals present in sunscreen lotion can harm a man's sperm count so one should be alert while using a sunscreen lotion.
  10. Sex toys also cause infertility in men because of presence of phthalates in  them.
  11. Regular intake of canned food can also contribute in low sperm count.
  12. Regular drinking habits reduce testosterone levels thereby reducing the quality and production of sperm.
  13. Excessive intake of canned food leads to intake of bisphenol A which lowers down the quality of the sperm.
  14. Excess intake of caffeine also leads to reduction in sperm count.
  15. Lack of exercise and laziness also reduces sperm count to a great extent.

Some of the above mentioned things can be unavoidable, but point here is that taking everything in moderate quantity doesn't do any harm but problem occurs when the intake is excessive, regular and beyond limit. So, it's better to reduce the quantity and regular use of such things than letting it affect your sperm count.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5544 people found this helpful

Enlarged Breasts in Men(Gynecomastia ) - Know Its Surgical Treatment!

M. Ch. (Plastic Surgery), MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Noida
Enlarged Breasts in Men(Gynecomastia ) - Know Its Surgical Treatment!

Swollen breast tissues in men or boys caused by hormonal (testosterone and estrogen) imbalances is called gynecomastia. Both breasts or one breast, can be affected by gynecomastia. At any point in life, from birth to puberty, even in adulthood, you might develop gynecomastia. Most of the times, gynecomastia is caused by hormonal imbalances, but there might be some underlying causes as well.
Gynecomastia is normally not a serious condition, but it can be difficult to deal with the pain and embarrassment.

It can be cured with surgery or medication, if it doesn't go away on its own.

Symptoms and signs of gynecomastia include:

  • Enlarged glands in the breast tissue
  • Tenderness in the breast

The causes that trigger gynecomastia include:

  1. Hormonal changes: Testosterone and estrogen control the sexual development in men and women respectively. Estrogen is not a hormone that only women produce; men produce it too. When the production of testosterone and estrogen are thrown out of balance, gynecomastia occurs.
  2. Medication: Certain medications such as anabolic steroids, androgens, HIV/AIDS medicines, antibiotics and chemotherapy can cause gynecomastia.
  3. Drugs and alcohol: Substances such as alcohol, marijuana, amphetamines, heroin and methadone cause gynecomastia.
  4. Health condition: Certain factors, such as aging, hypogonadism (a hormonal disorder), hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland), tumorskidney failure, cirrhosis, liver failure, malnutrition and starvation can lead to gynecomastia.
  5. Herbal products: Essential oils derived from plants such as lavender or tea tree, used in lotions or shampoos, have weak estrogenic actives. They have been said to cause gynecomastia.

Gynecomastia can be cured either with medication or surgery. Surgical options for gynecomastia are, however, limited.

Treatment

There is no definitive medical treatment. The main answer for Gynecomastia is surgery. It is a daycare procedure in most situations. It is done by a Surgeon, usually, a Plastic surgeon does a better job.

Anesthesia- Either Local or General anesthesia is given to make it painless

Procedure-Through a small incision in the areola, the swelling is removed by both Liposuction of the Fat part and Excision (removal) for Breast gland part. As the incision is through the areola, the final scar is hardly visible. In extensive swellings, skin also needs to be removed, wherein a scar around the areola border is visible.

Recovery- usually can go back to work in 2-3 days time. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2855 people found this helpful

A Useful Insight into the Male Contraceptive Pill!

Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Sexologist, Meerut
A Useful Insight into the Male Contraceptive Pill!

What are the latest advancements in male contraceptions?

The drawback of surgical approaches (such as vasectomy), especially patient compliance and the low success rates with condoms has spurred research on hormonal contraceptive dosage forms. There is a dearth of investigations in the development of pharmaceutical preparations. Evolving technology in the 21st century as well as improvement in living standards further underline the need for new male contraception approaches, especially those that entail new drug delivery methods.

Here are few areas where male contraception is being researched and used in some countries

Hormonal contraception for men is possible, and we are at the threshold of an important breakthrough. Combined testosterone plus progestin administration is more effective and safer than testosterone alone. Combination of testosterone plus an anti-androgenic progestin has several advantages over other formulations. In combined therapy, single injection formulation may have better compliance. 

  • Conventional male contraception 
  • Abstinence (doesn't work well)
  • Masturbation
  • Male condom
  • Vasectomy

There are other methods being developed but not sure they are there yet. But for guys? Their options are stuck in a time warp. If a man wants to take pregnancy prevention into his own hands, his choice basically comes down to condoms, a vasectomy, withdrawal, or abstinence. That’s why it's so amazing that scientists are finally developing some real advancements when it comes to male contraception.

Researchers writing in the April issue of the Open Access Journal Contraception published a rundown of the top emerging options. A few hold real promise, particularly a daily or weekly pill that would deliver a dose of artificial hormones to a guy’s bloodstream, which would then act on reproductive hormones to stop sperm from being produced. Like the female hormonal pill, the male hormonal pill would be reversible. But also like the female hormonal pill, there appear to be side effects, among them acne, weight gain, and even trickier to work around, changes in testosterone levels that trigger a plunge in libido.

Non-hormonal techniques are also being developed, particularly a vaccine that immunizes men with antibodies to halt sperm production. This so-called male birth-control shot is encouraging, because it targets sperm directly (rather than targeting other hormones in the body) and doesn’t have the testosterone-lowering side effects of a hormonal pill. Each injection would last for long intervals (experts aren’t yet sure how long), but the pregnancy-preventing effects would be reversible, if and when a guy decides he’s ready to be a dad.

So when can you expect to see men rushing out to the pharmacy counter to pick up their new birth control Rx? “I think we may see a novel male contraceptive within 10-12 years, That may seem far off, but hey at least it’s finally within sight. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3375 people found this helpful

Prostate Cancer - How Biological Therapy Will Help?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Surgical Oncology
Oncologist, Surat
Prostate Cancer - How Biological Therapy Will Help?

The prostate is a vital organ that located between the penis and the bladder. The prostate is involved in the release of the prostate fluid that keeps the sperm properly nourished. Prostate cancer, as the term indicates, is characterized by the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cancerous cells in the prostate. Though the incidences of prostate cancer are low in India, necessary precautions and diagnostic steps should be carried out to prevent the condition from jeopardizing our lives.

Prostate screening includes two tests known as the Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) and Prostate-Specific Antigen test (PSA). PSA combined with DRE helps to identify prostate cancer at a very early stage. If any of the tests show an abnormality, a doctor might prescribe an ultrasound such as MRI Fusion or Prostate Biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.

  • Immediate treatment may not be necessary
  • For low-risk prostate cancer, doctors often recommend active surveillance that includes periodic blood tests, rectal exam, and biopsies.
  • Active surveillance helps a doctor to continuously track the growth of cancer cells and the possibility of their spread to other areas of the body.
  • Surveillance is fit for those who are already suffering from a serious condition or for those patients who are above the age of 60.
  • A surgical procedure to remove prostate cancer
  • Surgery is considered when the cancer has metastasized to surrounding tissue and the lymph nodes. There are two kinds of surgeries that a patient can go through- a Robot-Assisted surgery and a Retropubic surgery.
  • Radical Prostatectomy might have risks involved. It is, therefore, wise to discuss the pros and cons of the surgery with the doctor well in advance.

Understanding the treatment options

  • Radiation therapyRadiation therapy involves the use of high-powered and high-frequency energy beams to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy is often used to shrink the size of the cancer cells. There could be two types of radiation therapy-Brachytherapy and External beam radiation. Radiation therapy too can have its side effects. Doctors prescribe several medicines during therapy.
  • Hormone therapy: Hormone therapy helps to stop the production of a male hormone known as testosterone. This treatment option includes medication that completely stops the production of testosterone, the medications may also block the flow of testosterone on the cancer cells, and surgery to remove the testicles. Hormone therapy is used in advanced cancer stages.
  • ChemotherapyChemotherapy is a drug that goes into the body and kills rapidly growing and metastasizing cancer cells. It is administered through IV (intravenous), or orally as pill or both. This treatment option is employed when cancer spreads to a remote body location and does not respond to hormone therapy.
  • Biological therapy: Biological therapy involves the usage of the body’s immune system to fight cancer. A type of biological therapy known as the sipuleucel-t is used to treat patients with advanced cancer stage and recurring cancer as well. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
1984 people found this helpful

Table of Content

About Testosterone
What are the side effects of Testosterone ?
Key highlights of Testosterone
What are the dosage instructions?
Medicines containing Testosterone