Sexual dysfunction is/are the problem/s that a person may experience during any phase of the sexual response cycle. This prevents the person or the couple from experiencing any satisfaction from sexual activities. The different facets of the sexual response cycle include excitement, orgasm, plateau and resolution. Research has shown that about 43 % of women and 31 % of men suffer from some sort of sexual dysfunction.
There are 4 different types of sexual dysfunction. They are – desire disorder which implies that a person has little or no interest in any kind of sexual activities; arousal disorder means when a person is emotionally ready for sex but the body refuses to cooperate; orgasm disorder occurs when a person is emotionally ready for sex but is not being able to reach climax and pain disorder means a person is experiencing pain during the act.
The treatment for sexual dysfunction in men can involve the use of oral medicines. Other treatments are mechanical methods like vacuum pumps and constriction rings, local therapies like suppositories and injections and surgical methods like penile implants. For women, there can be non-medical treatments like counseling, reverting to a healthy lifestyle, use of lubricants or devices like vibrators. Women with low sexual desire are often recommended a medicine called flibanserin. When female sexual dysfunction is linked to hormonal problems, estrogen therapy or androgen therapy is generally recommended.
Mechanical methods like the use of vacuum pumps help to treat sexual dysfunction in 50-75 % of the cases. The device is to be used by a man on his penis to expand it temporarily. This device is particularly useful for people with diabetes. Constriction rings are used to treat sexual disorder in those men who get an erection but fail to sustain it throughout the intercourse. This condition is called early detumescence and can be cured by placing a rubber ring at the base of the penis after erection.
Local therapies involve the use of pellets which are inserted into the tip of the penis with a pre-filled applicator. This therapy is mostly beneficial for people with diabetes. Another local therapy is the injection therapy whereby the shaft of the penis of the patient is injected with a drug which helps to produce an erection.
Penile implants are one of the oldest methods of treating erectile dysfunction in men. Some doctors may even go for vascular surgery to repair the blood vessels and increase the blood flow to the penis.
For females suffering from sexual dysfunction, healthy communication with her partner, healthy lifestyle habits, counseling or physical use of vaginal lubricants and use of devices that stimulate the clitoris are some of the non-medical treatment options. In women, sexual dysfunction treatment often involves the addressing of some medical condition or hormonal change. Treatment of sexual dysfunction due to hormonal changes can be done with estrogen therapy which involves use of vaginal ring, tablet or cream. Another method of treatment is androgen therapy which involves the use of testosterone.
Any person can suffer from sexual dysfunction but it generally tends to occur in aging people. A person can undergo treatment for sexual dysfunction if he/she suffers from the symptoms associated with the condition. The symptoms that a man can experience are inability to maintain or achieve an erection, delayed or no ejaculation even with adequate sexual stimulation and inability to control the timing of ejaculation.
The symptoms in women are the inability to achieve orgasm, inability to relax the vaginal muscles to allow intercourse and inadequate vaginal lubrication before and during intercourse. Moreover, men and women both lose interest in sex, experience pain during intercourse and have problems getting aroused.
Sexual dysfunction occurs when a person is unable to achieve satisfaction while indulging in sexual activities. The doctor will look at the entire medical history of a patient and even perform a physical test to find out if a person is actually suffering from this condition. A doctor will generally find out about the person’s attitude towards sex as well as other contributing factors like fear, anxiety, past sexual trauma, medications, personal issues and if the person was addicted to any drug or alcohol. After thorough evaluation of these factors, the doctor will understand whether a person is eligible for treatment or not.
Constriction rings are usually safe but may cause pain, numbness and cold sensation in the area for some people. A person should consult a doctor if he has sickle-cell disease, heart disease or if he is on blood thinning medication. A penile vacuum pump may cause small red dots to appear on the skin, can cause pain or bruising, and even give a feeling of numbness or coldness. Prostaglandin E1is injected into the shaft of the penis in injection therapy. The side-effects may include persistent erection and scarring of the male sex organ. Use of the same drug in the form of pellets may cause aching or burning in the penis and minor bleeding.
The side-effects of estrogen therapy include bloating, bleeding from the vagina, nausea, headache, indigestion and others. Some of the side effects of androgen therapy may be weight gain, acne, frequent mood changes, breast development and problems with urine flow.
After undergoing penile implant surgery, a person will experience mild pain for several weeks. A person will need to take antibiotics for about a week after the surgery to avoid infection. Strenuous physical and sexual activities should also be avoided for a few weeks. The doctor might also ask the patient to inflate and deflate the inflatable penile implants twice a day so that he gets used to using them. There are, however, no such post-treatment guidelines for treatment via mechanical methods. One may experience pain after the use of constriction rings. He should immediately go and see a doctor.
The penile implantation procedure may cause bruises on the organ and can also make the scrotum to swell. However, the swelling and pain disappears after about 14 days with the help of several warm baths per day. Hormone therapy in women is generally done over a few months time and may even take years. Hormones should be used for treatment for the shortest period of time but a woman needs to check every 3-6 months whether she needs to continue with the therapy or not.
Medications for hormone therapy are available for as low as Rs 100 for a week. However, the entire procedure starting from the diagnosis to the therapy may cost between Rs 1, 00,000 – Rs 2, 50,000. Constriction rings are available within the price range of Rs 300 – Rs 900. Vacuum pumps to treat erectile dysfunction cost something around Rs 19,500 and Rs 32,500.
Use of constriction rings and vacuum pumps are temporary measures that help to spruce up your conjugal life temporarily. They do not provide a permanent solution. Surgical methods like penis implants may provide a longer-lasting effect but there are chances of some side-effects too. Hormonal therapy in women may help to deal with sexual dysfunction on a long-term basis. However, the therapy should have to be continued if the situation demands.
Women respond well to counseling sessions. Instead of going for hormone therapy or taking medications, a woman can talk to a counselor about how to enhance intimacy with her partner, how to optimize the body’s sexual response and what exercises to do. For men, Panax ginseng and Rhodiola rosea works well to treat erectile dysfunction. DHEA or dehydroepiandrosterone is a remedy for erectile dysfunction in men with concurrent diabetes. Acupuncture can also help to deal with sexual dysfunction.
Rs 100 - Rs 2,50,000
Both men and women can suffer from sexual dysfunction which in common man’s speak is a problem that prevents you from experiencing sexual satisfaction. If you are experiencing sexual dysfunction in any part of the sexual response cycle which traditionally includes excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution, you are not alone. Research suggests that 43 percent of women and 31 percent of men report some degree of sexual dysfunction or difficulty.
It also remains a topic that many people are hesitant to discuss and resolve worldwide. Read on to know more on sexual dysfunction so that you can understand it and seek treatment for it because treatment options are available and extremely helpful.
Types of sexual dysfunction
Sexual dysfunction is classified into four categories:
Symptoms of sexual dysfunction
Causes of sexual dysfunction
Diagnosis of sexual dysfunction
The doctor will begin with a history of your symptoms, followed by a physical exam to rule out medical problems.
A major part of diagnosis is psychological. The doctor will evaluate your attitude about sex, as well as other contributing factors like fear, anxiety, past sexual abuse, relationship problems, medications, alcohol or drug abuse, etc. to understand the underlying cause of the problem.
Most types of sexual dysfunction can be treated by addressing the underlying physical or psychological problems. Other common ways to treat sexual dysfunction are:
Sexual problems are very common in men and women. There are various reasons because of which sex may not be as pleasing as it can be. The reasons for this could range from the emotional connect that is shared with the person to actual physical issues which stop you from performing. Read on to know the 3 most common sexual problems in males and females.
Empathize with each other. Erectile dysfunction can affect each partner. If you’re the partner with ED, recognize that changes to sex might be alarming or different for your partner. If you’re the partner to someone with ED, recognize how they might feel about their dysfunction and how that might affect their self-esteem or desire to engage in sex. Be loving and empathetic to one another and recognize each other’s struggles.
Avoid blaming yourself or your partner. Blame is not something that will help you or your partner feel better or perform better. Avoid blaming yourself or wondering if your partner isn’t attracted to you, is cheating, or you’re not pleasing them. Often, dysfunction is linked with external factors such as medication or health influences, age, and stress.
Take the pressure off performance. Putting sexual pressure on yourself or your partner to perform is rarely an effective method. Focus on other parts of your partner’s body and your own body. Do other intimate activities together that do not involve the genitals.
Increase physical intimacy in other ways. Physical intimacy isn’t just sex and doesn’t only involve the genitals. Hold each other and cuddle regularly as a way to physically connect, with or without clothes on.
Deeply hug each other, hold hands, and kiss passionately! Take the pressure off sex and purely enjoy physical touch and connection.
Be supportive in treatment. If your partner is interested and willing to treat their ED, be supportive in them seeking treatment. This might mean encouraging them to make a medical appointment or consider changing or adding medications. If your partner is already seeking treatment, show your support for them without putting them down or making fun of them. Ask them what support they want or need.
Men usually suffer from three different types of sexual dysfunction: problems in Ejaculation, Erectile dysfunction and lack of sexual desire. However, it is not always a physical problem; there may be psychological dimensions too. So, evaluation of the problem by a competent and qualified doctor is the first priority.
Such problems are more often than not caused by various lifestyle stress factors, like stress in workplace, stress in relations, etc. One needs a wholesome solution to address all the problems which are contributing to Sexual Dysfunction. In that perspective, Ayurveda can be a good choice.
In fact, Ayurveda has a separate chapter for Male Sexual Dysfunction and its treatment.
Ayurveda is often referred to as Ashtanga Ayurveda. It means that the knowledge of Ayurveda is compiled in 8 different parts. Some of these parts are diseases related to infants, healing of psychological problems, toxicology etc. The eighth part, known as Vrishya Chikitsa, deals with Sexual Dysfunction and its treatment protocol in detail. It is also known as the science of Aphrodisiacs and Virility.
Male Sexual Dysfunction: An Ayurvedic Insight
The Tenet of Tridasha: Vata, Pitta and Kapha are innate to Ayurveda. In order to stay healthy, virile and sexually active, there needs to be a balance in these three doshas. If there is an abnormal increase or decrease in any of these doshas, a person is likely to suffer. This can happen when there is a disequilibrium in the seven tissues of the body, also known as Dhatu. They are known as Rasa, Rakta, Meda, Mamsa, Majja, Asthi and Shukra. Among these, Shukra is the reproductive fluid or the semen. So, if there is a problem with Shukra, one can suffer from sexual dysfunction.
Vajikaran: The Ayurvedic Remedy For sexual dysfunction
The word Vajikaran alludes to the vigour of a horse. So, proper Ayurvedic remedy can help to achieve horse like sexual vigour. What sets it apart from modern medicine is that it prescribes a wholesome development in dispensation. If the directives are followed strictly, one can achieve good physique, strength, virility and sexual potency like an 8-year-old horse. However, Vajikaran is not just a set of medicines. It is a set of instructions regarding lifestyle changes, diet and medicinal formulations.
Doctors recommend sweet and dense foods like Peanuts, Butter, Red meat, etc. to people suffering from Sexual Dysfunction. These are nutritious foods, which also increase the Kapha Dosha of the body and thus increase Virility.
Ayurveda can treat Male Sexual Dysfunction comprehensively, but one needs to follow all the instructions, implement all the lifestyle changes, maintain all the dietary tips and consume all the Ayurveda medicines given by a doctor who is expert in Ayurveda.
Ayurvedic treatment for erectile dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction is essentially a problem with a vaayu
Ayurvedic treatment involves herbs, remedies and dietary changes
Herbal oils have restorative power
Ayurveda aims to improve overall wellness of the body and mind
Erectile dysfunction, otherwise known as male impotence is the inability experienced by a man to maintain or achieve an erection. Erectile dysfunction is triggered by several factors such as mental stress, depression, excessive consumption of alcohol, smoking, low testosterone levels, penile problems and nerve related disorders. According to ayurveda, erectile dysfunction is the result of the disruption of one of the vaayus of the body titled apaanavayu. Apaanavayu is located in the testicles, urinary bladder, phallus, groin and anus. It controls ejaculation, erection and also the passage of stool and urine.
Ayurvedic measures to treat erectile dysfunction use a combination of herbal pills, massages and alterations in the patient’s lifestyle to boost erection. A combination of all these remedies is titled vajikarana therapy. The ayurvedic vajikarana therapy derives its name from vaji which means horse. It infers that this therapy helps men in overcoming problems faced while sexual intercourse including erectile dysfunction. It also enhances the quality of sperm, and sperm motility.
Remedies to treat erectile dysfunction
Herbs that include, vangabhasma, lauhabhasma, shilajitu, hingula, yashtimadhu, pravalapishti, kapikacchu, and kupeelu are beneficial in increasing sperm count. These herbs also boost erection by helping in increasing the duration for which a man can hold his erection.
Kajjali, satavari, vanga bhasma, jiraka, vidarikanda, bala, tamra bhasma, ativisha, jatiphala, karpura, lavanga and abhrakabhasma, are known to have properties that can treat erectile dysfunction.
Ayurvedic massages for erectile dysfunction
There are various oils that are used by ayurveda practitioners to relieve a person of stress. Stress is one of the major reasons that lead to erectile dysfunction.
Herbal oils that used for body massages contain herbs such as bala kashaya and bala kalka have restorative powers. There relive stress, rejuvenate the body, halt the regressive process of ageing and also boost the libido.
Sesame based oils are used to massage the penis which relaxes the pelvic area, increases blood circulation and also helps in increasing the duration of an erection. The herbs present in these oils include, bala, ashwagnadha, shatavari and sariva.
Lifestyle changes for erectile dysfunction
As ayurveda is based on the principle that overall wellness of the body and mind has a direct effect on any kind of treatment.
Yoga and meditation are important methods by which the body can be energised and the mind refreshed. This eventually helps in treatment of erectile dysfunction as the body and mind react to treatment.
Adequate sleep is another essential ingredient on which the success rate of treatment depends. Eight hours of sleep will ensure that the body is relaxed and stress free.
Dietary changes such as the inclusion of ghee, nuts, urad (black gram) lentil and sweet items reported help in the cure of erectile dysfunction. Hot and spicy foods should be avoided as they can upset the doshas of the body and impede treatment.