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Last Updated: Jan 29, 2020
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Erectile Dysfunction - Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

About Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment Side effects Recovery Treatment Cost Alternatives Is ED reversible? Vitamin Deficiency Natural Remedies
Erectile Dysfunction - Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

What is Erectile Dysfunction (ED)?

When a male faces a problem with getting or keeping an erection during sexual intercourse, while some male has low average erection time (5.4 minutes) or their normal erection time (between minutes to hours). In such condition, he may be suffering from erectile dysfunction (ED). It may result because of an underlying health issue such as heart disease, thus the problem should be discussed with a doctor as soon as possible.

Read more about: How long does an erection last?

What are the symptoms of Erectile Dysfunction?

Erectile dysfunction occurs gradually with different intensity of symptoms. Initially, the body will be capable of getting an erection, though the sex desire will start reducing. After a while, the erection will not remain as long lasting as it was previously. Lastly, the body will become unable to get an erection at all.

What causes Erectile Dysfunction?

Erectile dysfunction’s causes are segregated in two sections as Physical and Psychological Causes.

  • Physical Causes: In terms of physicality, ED occurs due mainly due to a reduction in blood flow and blood pressure. Conditions such as high cholesterol, Heart disease, high blood pressure and atherosclerosis affects the bloodstream to the penis. Moreover, damaged blood vessels and nerves also cause ED, which happens from disorders like Diabetes.
  • Psychological Causes: Sexual traumas also occur due to Psychological issues. As the arousal initiates from the brain, psychological problems become a major reason for erectile dysfunction. The mental issues such as anxiety and depression affect the libido which results in ED.

How is Erectile Dysfunction diagnosed?

Doctor diagnose ED with the help of some tests, which are as follows:

  • Physical test: This examination incorporates a glance on the penis & testicles along with a check on the sensation of nerves
  • Blood tests: The Blood test is done in order to find any indications of diabetes, low testosterone levels, coronary illness, and other wellbeing conditions.
  • Urine tests: similar to the blood tests, pee tests are utilized to search for indications of diabetes and other fundamental wellbeing conditions.
  • Ultrasound: Ultrasound is usually performed by a specialist. A wandlike gadget (transducer) to give a rain check on veins that supply the penis. This device makes a video picture from which the specialist checks whether the person has a bloodstream issue.
  • Psychological exam: In this procedure, the specialist converses with the patient to recognize any sign of depression or any psychological glitch that causes ED.

How Erectile Dysfunction treated?

As per the causes and extent of the problem the doctor will recommend a type of treatment which may include:

  • Oral medication: Oral medication may include drugs like Viagra, Cialis, Stendra, and Levitra. These enhance the nitric oxide effect in the body, thus improving blood flow in the penis. The dosage of the medicines will vary from individual to individual. These medicines do not aid in an immediate erection, as they aren’t aphrodisiacs. Some form of sexual stimulation is necessary to trigger the release of nitric oxide and cause an erection.
  • Psychological counselling: It is recommended to men who are suffering from stress, anxiety and low self-esteem may also lead to ED. Counselling effectively helps men to solve their mental health issues and overcome ED.
  • Muse therapy: A special applicator is used to insert a small alprostadil suppository into the penile urethra. This should be inserted into the penis before intercourse. It takes about 10 minutes for the medicine to do its work and the erection may last from 30 minutes to 60 minutes.
  • Testosterone replacement: This treatment is recommended for men who suffer from ED because of low levels of testosterone. The replacement of testosterone is generally done through injection or application of a patch. It may also be taken in gel or gum form.
  • Penis pump: A vacuum erection device is situated just over the penis. The hollow tube is generally battery powered or hand powered. Once the pump is placed it removes the air from inside the device, creating a vacuum that triggers blood flow to the penis resulting in an erection. A tension ring is then placed at the penis base to keep the erection in place. The ring should be removed once intercourse is done.
  • Penile implantation: It is done through a surgical procedure in which the implants are located on two sides of a man’s penis. The implants may either be inflatable rods or semi-rigid rods. This form of treatment is very rare and is done only after other types of ED treatment have failed.

Who needed treatment for ED?

Erectile dysfunction can affect men at any age. Usually, older men tend to face this problem more than younger men. Men of all age can seek treatment for ED. The treatment for ED generally depends on the diagnosis and will vary from individual to individual.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Depending on the health and certain other factors a doctor will advise a certain form of treatment to cure ED. While a type of treatment like oral medication may work for one patient, another may require surgery.

What are the side effects of erectile dysfunction treatment?

Treatment for ED is safe, but there may be few side effects such as:

  • Oral medication can lead to headaches, backache, changes in vision and stomach problems.
  • Self-injections can result in pain around the area where the needle is injected, bleeding and development of fibrous tissue around the injected area.
  • Side effects of muse therapy include slight urethral bleeding, pain and fibrous tissue formation.
  • Surgery as a treatment for ED is very rare and can lead to severe complications like infection.

How long does it take to recover?

Treatment for ED is generally in the form of oral medication which needs to be taken according to prescribed guidelines. Recovery after penile surgery takes about 2 to 4 weeks. One can resume sexual activity in about 6 weeks’ time. In the case of ED due to stress or anxiety, individuals seek psychotherapy and recovery as and when they distress and learn to relax.

What is the cost of erectile dysfunction treatment in India?

The cost of treating ED varies upon the kind of treatment one is seeking. It generally ranges from Rs 25,000 to 40,000 and even more in some cases.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

While effects of surgery and penile implants may be permanent, oral medication needs to be taken as and when a male who suffers from ED wants to indulge in intercourse.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

A number of alternative treatment for ED are also available. These include:

  • Nutritional supplements
  • Herbal medication
  • Acupuncture
  • Group therapy

Is ED reversible?

The reversibility of erectile dysfunction depends on the intensity or the type of ED a person is suffering with. Doctors have segregated the ED in two categories, primary ED and secondary ED.

  • Primary ED is a condition, where the person was unable to sustain an erection in his entire life. This condition is very rare and can’t be cured.
  • Secondary ED is a condition in which a person had functioning erections earlier but now is unable to arouse due to some physical and psychological issues. This condition is commonly found in many people. Secondary ED is reversible by treating it with medication or surgery along with a great diet and sound lifestyle.

What is the best vitamin for erectile dysfunction?

Deficiency of plenty of vitamins causes erectile dysfunction. Some of them are as follows:

  • L-arginine and pycnogenol: These vitamins help in triggering relaxation in arteries and veins and regulating blood flow to the penis for an appropriate erection.
  • Zinc: Zinc mineral helps in increasing the testosterone hormone level in men’s body and also helps for the treatment of ED Symptoms positively.
  • DHEA: Many doctors prescribe dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) for ED. DHEA helps in improving erectile dysfunction by provocating blood vessels which results in increased blood flow.
  • Vitamin D: In a research, it was found that men who are deficient of vitamin D have 32 % more chance of getting ED than those who are not deficient.
  • Flavonoid-rich foods: Foods which are rich in flavonoids also help in reducing erectile dysfunction.

What is the best natural remedy for erectile dysfunction?

  • Ginkgo: It expands bloodstream to the penis, which eventually improves sexual want and ED. though, this remedy may build a bleeding issue. For a person who takes blood thinners or suffering from bleeding diseases, it is advised to consult a doctor before using Ginkgo
  • Ginseng: There are numerous sorts of ginseng accessible in the market. Most of them are considered Helpful for ED. It is advised to take Ginseng in a controlled amount as it also causes sleeping disorder if taken in large quantity.
  • Yohimbine: The main component of African tree bark, yohimbine is probably one of the most problematic of all natural remedies for ED. Some research suggests that yohimbine can improve a type of sexual dysfunction that is linked with a drug used to treat depression.
  • Yohimbine: This primary part of African tree husk is known to treat depression which is also a cause of erectile dysfunction. It is considered the most effective remedy for ED.
  • Horny goat weed: These leaves contain vitamins which enhance sexual performance. Taking this herb in large quantity can cause heart dysfunction.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello doctor I hv consult one doctor in online about what is my problem he gave 2 tablet in that one is megalis 10 mg before sexual I should have, so please tell me can I have that tablets.

M.B.B.S, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Andrology
Andrologist, Jaipur
Hello, yes you can take the medication. But you should not take the medication along with nitrate containing medicines. So better to talk with your doctor which prescribed this medicine because its a prescription based medication. For more informa...

Sir/madam, I started masturbation since around 2000. Initially it was very excessive till lately. I gradually reduced it since last few years. I was mostly single in life. But I had a gf and only then I discovered that my penis dint erect while we came in contact. Also it ejaculated with almost no erection. But almost every odd day, I experience hard penis at bed at late night or early morning. We broke up and initially she mocked at my size. Its 6 to 7 inch when erected but when normal ,it can squeeze to even 2 inch. I went apollo ,madras but as I had no private space, I told a doctor of medicine there just about my penis concern. He dint bother much and upon tests, my thyroid level was about to cross maximum limit of 42 units. Now thyroid is in control but still I have vit d deficiency. I like beef and other non veg. And yes I am attached to porn. I leaves porn for few months but again it comes back. I am 30 aged and after my masters degree, I am struggling for certain higher govt. Jobs. I would love to consult a doctor but for this I can not ask money from parents. So until I can, I need strict advice from an expert on this matter as I get depressed thinking of career along with future married life as am already 30 aged. One more thing, I occasionally see my penis erect even by mild scrubbing in nearby areas or at scrotum but I belief now, if a lover girl present, it will not erect unless I rub and in process it shall ejaculate I fear. Please help sir / madam.

MBBS
General Physician, Jalgaon
Nothing to worry avoid masturbation totally avoid listening erotica totally. Do perineal and pelvic exercise regularly do yoga and pranayam regularly do meditation regularly before sleep go for walks regularly take dates, beetroot, jaggery, green ...
1 person found this helpful

I am at 40, I unable to hard the penis and unable to get excited when I see porn.

MBBS
General Physician, Jalgaon
Don't worry avoid listening erotica do perineal and pelvic exercise regularly do yoga and pranayam regularly take dates, beetroot, jaggery, bananas regularly take following homeopath medication damiagra forte by sbl 20 drops in 50 ml water three t...

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