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Last Updated: Nov 06, 2019
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Headaches - Symptom, Treatment, Causes And Home remedies

What is Headache? What are the different types of headaches? What causes headaches every day? What to eat to get rid of headaches? What pressure point gets rid of a headache? What are the acupressure points for headaches? What are the home remedies for headaches?

What is Headache?

Headache is the symptom of pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck. It occurs in migraines (sharp, or throbbing pains), tension-type headaches, and cluster headaches. Frequent headaches can affect relationships and employment. There is also an increased risk of depression in those with severe headaches

Headaches such as migraines, cluster headaches, sinus headaches and tension headaches are really agonizing conditions that most of us have faced for at least once in their lives. Most of the time pounding headaches are treated with anti-nausea and pain relieving drugs. Headaches typically cause unwanted symptoms like nausea and vomiting and make us feel week throughout the day. When a headache occurs, the pain originates from the surrounding tissues around the brain or the skull, since anatomically speaking the skull or the brain itself do not have any nerves that may give rise to the sensation known as pain. Since pain are only felt in your metabolism when there are pain fibers in that particular part of our anatomy.

What are the different types of headaches?

Headaches are of different types and their symptoms and causes can vary from one person to another. Generally, these are classified as:

  • Primary headaches: These are not triggered by any other condition. These include migraine, tension headache, cluster headache, exertional headaches and hypnic headache.
  • Secondary headaches: These are caused by certain condition and can be an outcome of injury, wound, etc. Secondary headaches include headaches caused by medication overuse, sinus and heavy consumption of caffeine.

What causes headaches every day?

Causes of daily headaches:

Chronic headaches usually don’t have any identifiable cause. The following can be causative factors for non-primary chronic headaches:

  • Inflammation in and around the brain, including stroke
  • Meningitis
  • Too high or too low intracranial pressures
  • Brain tumor
  • Brain injury
  • Medication overuse

Anyone can have a headache but if the headache lasts for almost a week, then you might be experiencing a chronic headache. Headaches typically occur in 15 days or in a month. These can be either short-lasting or long-lasting. Long-lasting headaches last for more than 4 hours.

What to eat to get rid of headaches?

  1. Baked Potato: Eating potassium-rich foods is known to alleviate headaches. A baked potato is a rich source of potassium.
  2. Watermelon: It contains essential minerals like magnesium that are helpful in preventing headaches. Other water-rich foods are berries, cucumber, melon, soups, oatmeal, tomatoes, and lettuce.
  3. Coffee: Vasodilation is a cause of headaches. Caffeine is a vasoconstrictor that helps in relieving headaches. However, caffeine is also a diuretic and causes dehydration. Thus, coffee should not be consumed in excess amounts.
  4. Whole-grain toast: One must eat healthy carbohydrates like whole-wheat bread, oatmeal, fruit and yogurt. Healthy carbohydrates lead to the release of serotonin which helps in alleviating mood and reducing pain.
  5. Almonds: They contain magnesium which prevents headaches by dilating blood vessels. Bananas, cashews, brown rice, apricots, avocados, legumes and seeds are also a good source of magnesium.
  6. Spicy salsa: If the headache is due to a sinus infection, it gets relieved by consuming spicy foods like salsa and hot peppers. These reduce the congestion and helps in opening of airways, thus lowers pressure and headache.
  7. Yogurt: Calcium-rich foods like fat-free plain yogurt with no added sugars are beneficial in relieving headaches.
  8. Sesame seeds: These are rich in vitamin E and improves circulation, thus preventing headaches.
  9. Spinach: It decreases blood pressure, prevents hangovers and alleviates headaches.

What pressure point gets rid of a headache?

  • Union Valley: It is found in the webs between thumb and index finger. These pressure points are used to relieve tension headaches.
  • Drilling bamboo: They are present near the corner of the eye in the indentations, where nose meets the ridge of the eyebrows. These points help in managing headaches caused by eyestrain and sinus pain.
  • Gates of consciousness: They are hollow areas between the two vertical neck muscles(underneath the neck base). These points give relief from headaches by putting pressure on the required point.
  • Third eye: These are present between the two eyebrows where the bridge of the nose meets the forehead. This point gives relief from headache caused due to eye strain and sinus.
  • Shoulder Well: It is located at the edge of the shoulder, halfway between the shoulder point and the base of the neck. Pressure on these points relieve stiffness in the neck and shoulders.

What are the acupressure points for headaches?

Acupressure is an alternative therapy that is based on a Chinese traditional medicinal practice wherein pressure is applied to specific regions of the body to help the flow of blood circulation and to release the muscle tension. In this way pain, headache and other related ailments can be treated.

For treating headaches, the pressure at pressure point LI-4 is applied. This point is also known as the point of Hegu which is the location between the base of a thumb and the index finger. In order to relieve pain from headaches, this point is pressed in a circular position for about five times.

What are the home remedies for headaches?

  1. Drink plenty of water: Those who have frequent headaches should drink plenty amount of water to stay hydrated.
  2. Magnesium consumption: Treatment with 600mg magnesium citrate per day helped reduce the frequency and severity of headaches. It is best to start in small doses as it is known to have side effects like diarrhea.
  3. Limit alcohol consumption: Alcohol is known to increase the incidence of migraines in people who experience frequent headaches. It is a vasodilator and has dehydrating properties. Dehydration is caused due to the diuretic effect, making the body lose its fluid and electrolytes, further causing frequent headaches.
  4. Adequate Sleep: Sleep deprivation is known to either cause or worsens headaches. However, headaches are known to get worsened in people who sleep for too long as well. Hence, the key is to aim for an adequate amount of sleep.
  5. Avoid foods high in histamine: Histamines are known to worsen migraines. Some people fail to excrete histamine properly as they have impaired function of enzymes responsible for breaking it down. Reducing the intake of histamine-rich foods in such people proves beneficial in reducing the frequency or the intensity of headaches.
  6. Using essential oils: Applying peppermint oil on the temples of the forehead helps relieve tension headaches, whereas lavender oil proves helpful in relieving migraines and associated headaches when applied on the upper lip and inhaled.
  7. B-complex vitamins: Vitamin B helps against headaches. Supplements like riboflavin, B12, folate and pyridoxine reduce the headaches. They are considered safe to be taken on a daily basis as they are water-soluble and any excess can simply get flushed out.
  8. Cold compress: Applying cold compresses to the head and neck region reduces the inflammation, slows nerve conduction and constricts blood vessels, thus aid in reducing headaches.
  9. Coenzyme Q10: It functions as a powerful antioxidant. 100mg of its daily supplements reduced the frequency, severity and length of headaches.
  10. Diet: Aged cheese, chocolate, alcohol, citrus fruits and coffee are the most common triggers of headaches and should be avoided.
  11. Drink Caffeinated Tea or coffee: Tea or coffee helps in reducing the headache. Caffeine, when taken in the right amount, improves mood, increases alertness and constricts blood vessels by not only relieving headaches but also improving the efficacy of medications used to reduce headaches.
  12. Acupuncture
  13. Yoga: Doing yoga and meditation can help in reducing headaches.
  14. Avoid nitrates and nitrites: They are commonly used as preservatives to keep the food items fresh by preventing bacterial growth.them
  15. Exercise: A low level of physical activity is known to reduce headaches.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello sir I am roshan bawane I am always tensed about my future and career hence my head is always pain what am I do sir please tell me it's very serious problem for me.

General Physician,
Kindly consider doing regular exercise ,eat balanced food, sleep well. Even highly paid doctors are stressed out. Stay positive.

For the past month, i've had reoccurring severe headaches straight after I was done eating a meal, which would only be solved by me shortly throwing up after due to nausea, this doesn't always happen with meals but has happened around 6 times during the course of the past month. The throwing up isn't excessive, happens only once and ill be relieved from the headache shortly afterwards, is this a normal occurrence or is there something I should be worried about?

CCEBDM, PG Diploma In Clinical Cardiology, MBBS, certificate course in rheumatology and joint disorders.
General Physician, Ghaziabad
Get bp and eye sight checked, x ray pns, thyroid hormones t3 t4 tsh 1.sleep.go to bed and get up about the same times every day, 3. Eat regular meals. 4. Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration 5. Relax – listen soothing music. Walk for 5 mts 6...
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I'm suffering from headache from last 4 days. There is timing for this headache it starts in the morning and ends in the evening. But I don't get headache in night-time. The pain region is above the left eyebrow. please suggest me some medicine.

General Physician, Jalgaon
Don't worry put some cow ghee drops in both nostrils regularly and take deep breath take following medication tab naxdom 250 1 twice a day tab pan 40 1 on empty stomach all for 3 day later on. Do yoga and pranayam regularly do meditation regularly...

I am a 33 year old female who has been having severe headache for 2 days. I recently noticed 2 small but very painful bumps on my scalp and that my left eyelid is a little bit swollen. Is this an emergency?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Kharagpur
Hi, welcome to let me tell you the symptoms described by you it may be abscess. You can better send me a photo of the bump on reports in order to better evaluate it. No it's not emergency. In this situation I suggest you non steroidal ...

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