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Headaches - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Headaches such as migraines, cluster headaches, sinus headaches and tension headaches are really agonizing conditions that most of us has faced for at least once in their lives. Most of the time pounding headaches are treated with anti-nausea and pain relieving drugs. Headaches typically cause unwanted symptoms like nausea and vomiting and make us feel week throughout the day. When a headache occurs, the pain originates from the surrounding tissues around the brain or the skull, since anatomically speaking the skull or the brain itself do not have any nerves that may give rise to the sensation known as pain. Since pain are only felt in your metabolism when there are pain fibers in that particular part of our anatomy.

Headaches can develop when and only when nerves and the thin layer of tissue that surrounds the muscles which encases our skull, eyes, ears, sinuses becomes inflamed or irritated for a plethora of reasons. Headaches can be sharp, dull, throbbing, intermittent, constant, intense and mild, depending on the cause of the malady.

In the year 2013, the IHS (International Headache Society) released their latest classification system for this malady. It was though by the experts on this disease that as so many people suffer from this agonizing illness, and since the treatment of headaches becomes very difficult at times, it was hoped that this new classification system will help the health-care professionals to make a more accurate diagnosis of this disease and hence allow a more better and effective options for its treatment.

The three major categories that heads has been classified based upon the pain of source are:

  • Primary headaches
  • Secondary headaches and
  • Facial pain, cranial neuralgias and other kinds of more typical headaches

Primary headaches includes tension, cluster and tension headaches. According to WHO (World Health Organization) 1 out of 20 percent people across the globe suffer with daily tension headaches in their lives. While cluster and migraine headaches affect most men and women during their puberty. Secondary headaches are those headaches which occurs because of underlying structural problems in the head and neck of the patients. This is a very bad kind of medical condition, which can be life threatening at times. Hangovers, traumatic and post-concussion headaches are also included in this type.

The third type of headaches which consists of cranial neuralgia happens because of the inflammation of any one or more of the 12 cranial nerves which originates from the brain. One typical example of these headaches is trigeminal neuralgia, which occurs because of the inflammation of the cranial nerve V and cause intense facial pain when it get inflamed or irritated.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test sometimes required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Sensation of tightness or pressure across your forehead or on the sides and back of your head. Tenderness on your scalp, neck and shoulder muscles. Dull, aching head pain.

Popular Health Tips

How to Deal with Headache?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Gurgaon
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Everyday Habits That Can Cause Headache

Benefits Of Ajwain!

Vedic Gram 83% (293 ratings)
Vedicgram Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Noida
Benefits Of Ajwain!
Carom (ajwain) is a crucial herb that is found in all Indian kitchens and is used primarily as a taste enhancer. Carom has numerous medicinal properties that make it beneficial for maintaining a good condition of your health. Dietary regime that utilizes carom on a regular basis can derive a lot of health benefits in the long term. The following are some of the benefits of carom: 1. Acidity- Carom has anti-acidity properties that can prove beneficial in providing relief from the symptoms of acidity and enables you to control your problem your acidity effectively. A solution made from a pinch of salt, carom and lukewarm water, when consumed every morning or post meal on a regular basis, works wonders. 2. Asthma- The smoke of carom seeds act as a bronchodilator that is effective in easing the breathing pattern. If an asthma patient utilizes the mixture of carom seeds and jaggery twice daily on a regular basis, it will provide considerable relief from the discomforts that are associated with asthma. 3. Diabetes- Carom has medicinal properties that aid you to control your blood sugar level. Consumption of a solution made from a tsp of neem powder, half tsp of cumin powder, carom seeds and a glass of hot milk on a regular basis can help you manage your blood sugar. 4. Cold and migraine- Carom can be utilized for the treatment of recurrent and persistent cough and cold. Inhalation of grounded carom seeds is effective in providing relief from constant headache, cold and migraine. 5. Stomach problems- Carom seeds have mild alcoholic properties that can be utilized to treat the problem of stomach pain and indigestion. A mixture of carom seed and salt when consumed with a sip of water is effective in providing relief from the symptoms of indigestion and stomachache. 6. Menstrual cramps- Application of carom seed oil can help you achieve speedy relief from the discomfort of menstrual cramps. The seeds of carom act as an effective nerve tonic and reduce the intensity of menstrual cramps. 7. Sperm count- Carom seeds are effective in increasing sperm count and can also be utilized to treat sexual dysfunctions. Roast a mixture of tamarind kernel, carom seeds and clarified butter; add a tsp of the mixture and honey to a glass of milk and consume it on a regular basis prior to sleep to achieve speedy results.
7 people found this helpful

Migraine Vs. Headache - Major Differences You Need To Know!

Dr. Gaurav Sharma 86% (10 ratings)
MD, FIPM, CCEPC, Fellowship in Pain Management
Pain Management Specialist, Jaipur
Migraine Vs. Headache - Major Differences You Need To Know!
How to differentiate between a migraine and headache? When you feel pain or pressure in your head, it may become difficult for you to assess whether you are experiencing a common headache or a migraine. Let's understand how different they are from each other. A typical headache usually affects both sides of your head and varies from a mild to moderate pain. It can last from 30 minutes to up to a period of one week. Some specific areas which get affected by a headache are: Temples Forehead Back of your neck Factors that trigger this headache type are a muscle strain, stress or anxiety. A migraine, on the other hand, is also a type of a headache which results in an acute throbbing sensation in one part of your head. Usually, migraine headaches are highly painful. Migraine pain makes it difficult for a person to carry out his/her daily tasks. Symptoms or signs associated with migraine attacks are: Vomiting Nausea Sensitivity to sound or light Pain in the temples Temporary loss of vision Pain behind your ear or eye What are the common causes of a migraine? Hormonal imbalances in women - fluctuations in oestrogen, especially during menopause or pregnancy seem to trigger a migraine Drinks like wine and extremely caffeinated beverages Foods such as salty foods, aged cheese as well as processed foods can trigger the migraine attack. Medications - vasodilators such as nitroglycerine and oral contraceptives can intensify migraine pain. How to treat a headache? Fortunately, you can get rid of stress-induced headaches through over-the-counter treatments, which include: Aspirin Acetaminophen Ibuprofen How to treat a migraine? If you experience migraine attacks less frequently, these medicines may give you quick relief: Triptans, such as rizatriptan (Maxalt) or almotriptan (Axert) Antinausea medicines, such as chlorpromazine (Thorazine), promethazine (Phenergan) or prochlorperazine (Compazine) Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as acetaminophen, naproxen sodium, aspirin or ibuprofen Some preventive tips: Make changes in your diet such as avoid such foods, including caffeine and alcohol which are believed to trigger headaches. You can also try muscle relaxation exercises, yoga or meditation to ease the migraine attack.
4002 people found this helpful

How Homeopathy Helps Manage Heat Headache?

Dr. Chandra Bhusan Mishra 88% (2254 ratings)
Homeopath, Kolkata
How Homeopathy Helps Manage Heat Headache?
Extreme and sudden changes in temperature as well as exposure to such conditions can harm the body and lead us to fall sick. One such condition caused by extreme temperatures is the heat headache, which is a result of prolonged heat exposure. When there is excessive heat, the body can end up reacting with heat strokes, dehydration and headaches, among many other conditions. Thankfully, a holistic approach like homeopathy has the exact solution for such kind of problem. Read on to know more! Aconite: This medicine is most helpful when there has been direct exposure of the head to the heat. When there is direct exposure to the rays of the sun, the head may end up developing debilitating headaches, which can be treated with this medicine. Carbo Veg: Along with heat headaches, the patients who will require this medicine will also have symptoms like flatulence and pain in the upper abdomen area. Also, the patient will have a constant need for air conditioning and cool breeze. Glonine: This medicine is usually helpful when the patient has gone through a sun stroke. High temperature is one of the symptoms of this condition along with persistent heat headaches. Drowsiness will also be experienced by patients in such cases. This medicine mainly treats congestive headaches that have been caused due to a sun stroke. Natrum Carb: This medicine is used for treating the symptoms of sun strokes that result in intense headaches caused due to exposure to extreme heat. Also, it is a good medicine to use when there is exhaustion and exposure to other chemicals like gas light. Bryonia: When the patient is dehydrated and demands water constantly along with the heat headaches, one can use this medicine. The patient will require plenty of water and rest along with this medicine. Belladona: This medicine can be prescribed for patients who are experiencing shooting pains on the intense and violent side in the head. These kinds of headaches also cause symptoms like cold feet and blood shot eyes. Belladona can be used to soothe these symptoms. Antimonium Crud: The symptoms that this medicine can cure include abdomen pain, indigestion, aches and pains in the head all of which are caused due to a sun stroke and heat headaches. When the heat headaches have been caused due to hot drinks and a hot bath, this medicine can be used for treatment of the same. Lachesis: This medicine can be used for treating heat headaches that are accompanied by symptoms like faint headedness, dizzy spells as well as the inability to sleep. These symptoms are usually caused by a sun stroke.
3156 people found this helpful

Mind Your Posture

Dr. Dimple H Modi 89% (19 ratings)
Mind Your Posture
Did you know that your head weighs around 04 or 05 kg? all supported by some pretty small bones in your neck! a quick look at biomechanic of the body shows that when you are slouched over a phone at 45 degree angle. Its equivalent to placing 22kg of stress on the neck! this often translates into headache and pain down the back. Consider your posture!
11 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My mom, age 60 years have hypertensive crisis (180/120) a week ago and have been vomiting and experiencing severe headache for a week. She did take some antihypertensive medication and her bp falls to 150/100 but even so headache and vomiting still present. She also did lumber puncture and the result was: Amount: 1 ml Color: colourless appearance: clear coagulation: nill protein: 50mgs% sugar: 76mgs% total cell count: 04cells/cumm differential cell count: all lymphocytes malignant cells: not seen others: RBC ++ can you please tell me what the result is and what should she do next. Does the presence of Rbc indicate cerebral hemorrhage?

Dr. Vishal Sawale 91% (21 ratings)
MD General Medicine, DM Neurology
Neurologist, Kolkata
Hi, RBC in lumbar puncture mostly indicate traumatic CSF means blood from layers of skin mixes with csf. For Subarachnoid haemorrhage xanthochromia is diagnostic. Its very difficult you to understand. I just want to tell you that get a non contrast CT brain, it will exclude cerebral haemorrhage. In a hypertensive patient with vomiting & headache one must exclude cerebral haemorrhage.

I have headache problem which lasts for three to four days it is very often to me?

Dr. Shashank 91% (242 ratings)
Ms. Counselling & Psychology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
The head ache may be due to many reasons it may be due to stress or lack of sleep or due to cold so do breathing exercise and use this homeopathic medicine belladonna - 200 (morning) bryonia-200 (night) for 1 week and revert back.
1 person found this helpful

I have many times a hard headache. It is so painful to me. Kindly give me some suggestions.

Dr. Jatin Soni 92% (26141 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
Few things regarding headache so that we can plan treatment accordingly 1) If pain is associated with blurred or decreased vision than check your eyesight for refractive error 2) If the pain is pulsatile in nature and with a throbbing pain usually with an aura than we have to rule out Migrane as the cause and 3) If the pain is associated with neck problems than we have to rule out cervical spondylosis as the cause 4) If the pain is associated with either a low or high BP or due to hyperacidity than we have to treat the cause after examination 5) If the pain is associated with cold and fever than we have to rule out sinusitis as the cause

How to cure mild headache which always remains and it doesn't allow to think properly.

Dr. Jatin Soni 92% (26141 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
For pain take tablet paracetamol 650 mg and Headache can be either due to frontal sinusitis or due to migraine or due to refractive error of the eyes or due to other causes for which we have to investigate

I have head pain I don't understand what happened I do gym but body is not progress. Please advise me

Dr. Surendra Khosya 88% (52 ratings)
DM - Neurology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS
Neurologist, Jaipur
If you started headache after Gym Then Rule out posterior circulation Infarct and Vertebral artery dissection.
2 people found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Headache and Homeopathy

Dr. Sonali Sawale 84% (17 ratings)
Homeopath, Navi Mumbai
Kissing can cause headaches. True or false? Take the quiz to find out.
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Why Migraines Are Not Just Another Headache

Dr. Manish Singh 86% (33 ratings)
Interventional Pain Management
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A really bad headache is an indication of brain damage. True or False? Take the quiz to know now.
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Dr. Gautam Das 92% (1142 ratings)
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Sleeping too much can cause a migraine. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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Regular headaches VS Migraines

Dr. Parvez A. Shaikh 88% (312 ratings)
BUMS ( Mumbai ),H.E.S(pune),
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If you don't see flashing lights, it isn't a migraine. True or false? Take the quiz to find out now!
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